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tv   Newsday  BBC News  April 19, 2018 1:00am-1:31am BST

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i'm rico hizon in singapore, the headlines: president trump says maximum pressure must be maintained on north korea until it ends its nuclear programme. there's a bright path available to north korea when it achieves denuclearisation, in a complete and verifiable and irreversible way. the end of the castro era in cuba. raul prepares to step down and the next president is named. i'm babita sharma in london. also in the programme: moments of terror on board a us passengerjet during which a female pilot is hailed a hero. and paradise lost. the philippines island of boracay is waving goodbye to tourists. live from our studios in singapore
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and london. this is bbc world news. it's newsday. good morning. it's 8am in singapore. 1am in london and 8pm in florida, where president trump and the prime minister of japan, shinzo abe, have said that maximum pressure must be maintained on north korea until it agrees to complete nuclear disarmament. the two leaders were speaking at the president's mar—a—lago resort in florida. president trump said he was hopeful his meeting with kim jong—un would be a success but he was prepared if things go wrong. if i think that it's a meeting that's not going to be fruitful, we're not going to go. if the meeting, when i'm there, is not fruitful, i would respectfully leave the meeting, and we'll continue what we're doing, or whatever it is that will continue, but something will happen.
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so i like always remaining flexible, and will remain flexible here. i've gotten it to this point. president moon of south korea was very generous when he said that, if it weren't for donald trump, the olympics would have been a totalfailure. it was my involvement and the involvement of our great country that made the olympics a very successful olympics. if you look at ticket sales prior to what took place, with respect to north korea, it was going to be a big problem, and it turned out to be a very successful olympics. so we've gotten us here, and i think we're going to be successful. but if for any reason i think we're not, we end. and this was what shinzo abe had to say about north korea. translation: the situation surrounding north korea,
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due to the decisive decision by president trump on the first ever us—north korea summit, is at a historic turning point. the past mistakes should never be repeated. on this point, president trump and i were in full agreement. the bbc‘s barbara plett—usher is in florida, where the meeting between the two men took place. i think what we saw there on the issue of north korea, these two allies very much in lockstep, which would have been a relief for shinzo abe. i think he got quite a strong statement from president trump that the united states was committed to japan's defence, that the americans would not release or ease their sanctions or provide
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any concessions to north korea until there were concrete results from talks. these are things that shinzo abe wanted to nail down, and i think he got them. and otherwise, in terms of north korea, you saw quite an effusive and prolonged statement by mr trump about the abduction of the japanese citizens, that he would really raise this in the summit, and he spoke about it at some length. so again, that was for mr abe's benefit, because it's important back home. so again, the two men came out sounding like they were pretty much on the same page. and in that regard, mr abe said that if the line was held on everything, and if they could get movement on these talks, thenjapan might be ready to open up diplomatic relationships with north korea at some point. and he called the summit an historic turning point, so he also very much supported mr trump and his move at this stage. and apart from the abduction of these japanese by the north koreans,
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president trump also said that negotiations are ongoing with pyongyang, and there's a good chance that they will be getting back three americans from north korea. yes, he said that they were talking about these three imprisoned americans. he mentioned otto warmbier, of course, the american college student who was released last year unfortunately in very poor condition and died soon afterwards. but he has made it a priority of his administration to get back those who were imprisoned in north korea, and he sounded reasonably optimistic that it might happen. but he didn't say anything definitive about whether this was going to be connected directly to the talks, whether he'd have to see the release before he moved forward. he didn't make that direct link between on action
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on this and the summit being held. the bbc‘s rupert wingfield—hayes is in tokyo. he says the japanese prime minister may have been disappointed that more progress wasn't made on the issue of trade. we've seen several of america's most important allies, canada, the eu and mexico, getting exemptions from the steel and aluminium tariffs. and japan is the one big, important ally of america that was not given an exemption from these tariffs, which were mainly seen as being directed at china. and mr abe was certainly hoping that in this meeting he would get some sort of concession from his "good friend" donald trump, and yet he's got nothing. so on that front, on the trade front, mr abe, as barbara said, i think she's right, he's coming home with pretty much nothing. and president trump's rhetoric on trade with japan is very old—fashioned.
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i mean, he talks aboutjapan exporting millions of cars to america, which is true, and america being unable to export cars to japan because of lots of barriers, and that's just not true. there are not barriers to american cars coming into japan. it's just that american cars aren't very much liked injapan, and also japanese companies produce even more cars in america than they export to america. so this is a very old—fashioned view ofjapan, and it's one that mr trump seems to be sticking to. so not getting that, in terms of what shinzo abe was hoping for. but of course, he had to stand there, he had to be warm about his "best friend" diplomatically. he did talk about the action and the understanding that president trump had about all of those japanese who were abducted in ‘70s and ‘80s by north korea. yes, we heard strong support forjapan‘s position on abductees, which is a very, very important issue here domestically. we also heard strong words
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of support forjapan‘s position that sanctions should not be eased on north korea at all until there are concrete steps towards denuclearisation. i think the concern here injapan is that there has been a 180 degrees turn on this policy by president trump in the last few months, without really consulting japan at all, going from tough sanctions and maybe military action to suddenly talking with north korea pretty much without conditions. and mr abe has had to do a iso—degree turn himself in his rhetoric, and he's basically tied himself to president trump and america's policy on north korea. and he's happy to follow along, and it's making for some very uncomfortable, very sharp turns in rhetoric along the way. lots of lines coming out of that so more on our website if you want to keep up to date. let's take a look at some of the day's other news. cu ban officials have
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announced a replacement for president raul castro, who's stepping down and ending six decades of rule by his family. the new leader will be the current vice president, miguel diaz—canel. raul castro will stay on as the head of the communist party and is expected to remain a powerful influence. our cuba correspondent, will grant, is in havana. absolutely a disciple of the castros. he was a regional party leader in the via kara province, he was education minister. you know, there's no plan to in anyway unpick there's no plan to in anyway unpick the socialist project of the i—party communist state in cuba, we can be sure of that. but economically he's facing some quite difficult choices and he's going to have to take some decisions quite quickly, there is a dual currency here, for example, that spreads those paid in the local currency and those played in a currency and those played in a currency tied to the dollar. that's not very workable, it's not working very well, it's hurting a lot of
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ordinary cubans, he needs to deal with that quickly but it could cause inflation. has a series of quite important economic choices to make very soon and that will be his first obvious step that would differentiate him from the castros. will grant on the end of the castro dynasty. also making news today: turkey's president has announced that elections will be held injune, more than a year earlier than planned. tayyip erdogan said developments in syria and throughout the region meant his country urgently needed an executive presidency. us defence secretary, jim mattis, is accusing the syrian government of delaying a visit by chemical weapons inspectors to the site of an alleged gas attack in douma. he said syria had used such delays in the past to remove evidence. the alleged attack led to us, french and british air strikes on saturday. indonesia has proposed a new law to limit cash transactions as a way of curbing corruption. the regulation would ban payments for anything costing over $7,000. officials say the widespread use of cash makes it harder to control money laundering, bribery
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and terrorist financing. taiwan has accused china of sabre rattling after it conducted live—fire military exercises in the taiwan strait. the one—day drill comes amid growing tension in the region and follows china's largest ever naval display last friday. a hollywood movie has been screened to officials and diplomats in saudi arabia as the kingdom prepares for the return of cinema after more than 35 years. the showing of the blockbuster superhero film black panther is part of a series of tests before theatres are opened to the public next month. nasa's newest planet—hunting space telescope has been launched from florida. costing more than $300 million, the satellite will search for potential extraterrestrial life by scanning thousands of planets beyond the solar system. the falcon 9 rocket is designed by the private company spacex, returning to earth to be reused. when it comes to solving china's
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pollution problem it seems bigger is better. this is a giant air purifier. it's the size of an industrial smokestack. it's been put up in the smog—plagued city of xian. towering between high rise buildings, the 60m device is said to be capable of cleaning up to eight million cubic metres of air each day. air safety officials are investigating the death of an airline passenger who was killed after being almost sucked out of a plane mid—air. the southwest airlines boeing 737 was flying from new york to texas when one of its engines exploded at 32—thousand feet. the blast shattered the window she was sitting next to. nick bryant has the story. imagine the relief of the passengers on board after this
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southwest airlines boeing 737 landed safely on the ground. they'd heard the engine explode at 32,000 feet. they'd seen a window smashed open by the debris. they'd watched as a fellow passenger was partially sucked out of the cabin after the rapid depressurisation. one of the 149 people on board, marty martinez, captured the high—altitude drama. first there was an explosion, and then almost immediately the oxygen mask comes down. and then, probably within a matter of ten seconds, the engine then hit a window and busted it wide open. it felt like it was freefalling, and of course everyone's freaking out, everybody‘s crying. at the controls, captain tammie jo shults, a highly experienced former top gun navy pilot. she radioed for help, showing extraordinary calm. passengers managed to pull the woman
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sucked out of the window back into the cabin, but she died from her injuries. she has now been identified as jennifer riordan, a bank executive from new mexico, a 42—year—old mother—of—two who had been on a business trip to new york. investigators are looking into what is the first fatal us airline accident in almost a decade. the early signs point to metal fatigue causing a fan blade to break off. even before this incident, european authorities have called for non—urgent inspections of these american and french—made engines that are a workhorse of the global aviation industry. us authorities are now likely to follow suit. this could've been a catastrophic
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accident, and the pilot who landed this stricken aircraft is being hailed as a heroine. nick bryant, bbc news, new york. you're watching newsday on the bbc. still to come on the programme: the philippines‘ most popular island is waving goodbye to visitors. boracay is taking a six month tourist break. the stars and stripes at half—mast outside columbine high, the school sealed off and the bodies of the dead still inside. i never thought that they would actually go through with it. some places and have already had nearly as much rain
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as they would normally expect in an entire year. for millions of americans, the death of richard nixon in a new york hospital has meant conflicting emotions. a national day of mourning, next wednesday, sitting somehow uneasily with the abiding memories of the shame of watergate. and lift off of the space shuttle discovery with the hubble space telescope — our window on the universe. this is newsday on the bbc. i'm rico hizon in singapore. welcome back, everyone. i'm kasia madera in london. our top stories: president trump says a campaign of maximum pressure will continue on north korea until it agrees to complete nuclear disarmament.
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and cuba prepares for the end of the casto era, as members of the national assembly name the next president, miguel diiz—canel. now, you may think that moving from a career running an international modelling agency to one aimed at highlighting the plight of human trafficking is quite a jump. but for katie ford, former ceo of ford models, there were all—too—many similarities. she was inspired to set up freedom for all, an organisation which helps men, women, and children who were trafficked escape and start a new life. these are just a few of their stories. i didn't know this is what i was going to experience over there. they didn't tell me this is what you will do. he lied to me. he told me that i'm going be a secretary there. i going to work in a hotel. so when they reached there, it wasn't like that. i said i wanted to come back, and he said i should to pay before it came back.
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i found it was at the company they promised me. it was maid work. i told the woman i want to go back home. she was like "no, you cannot go home." she told me one day if they do not work hard i could not go back home. she would kill me there. the man gives telling me i can't go unless they finished with the two years contract. so i cried seriously. i cried. they will insult you. they will spit on you. they can — the will even beat you. this little girl, 19, who is being raped by the employer. the wife gave her poison to drink. earlier, i spoke to katie ford. she says human trafficking is a global issue. there are a0 million people who are trafficked and in modern—day slavery today. and where, katie ford, are the biggest problems of the world? in which continents? well, the biggest is india,
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actually, as a country, but that's partially because of the size of the population. and it is a problem everywhere. you are currently in manila, to speak in a forum. how serious is the problem there? well, you know, so many people travel abroad from the philippines. they travel abroad for work. and when you travel abroad for work, it means that you are potentially vulnerable. and that was the part about human trafficking that i could really understand as a model agent, because we had young people who came and worked with us from all over the world. and they ended up living with us, and we protected them. and how did you protect them? and how do you give these victims a new start in life? well, for the survivors of trafficking, it depends where they are from and what they need. but in many cases, as from the philippines, they need a job where they are safe.
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and many receive jobs that are safe. as a solution to the problem that we were experiencing — that the women were experiencing — was creating a recruitment business in dubai called housekeeping company. it would protect women who were domestic workers. tell me, katie ford, you are former modelling guru. how have your skills in the modelling industry make a difference in your advocacy? well, you know, i understand people from all over the world. i have worked to people from all over the world who came to us. the part about the hope and dream of a better life also is something we can all understand. we know people have travelled or come to our countries for work. and everybody does that because they see the opportunity
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of a betterjob. katie ford, former ceo of ford models, and founder for freedom for all, an organisation tackling human trafficking, thank you for joining us from manila. the dramatic growth of tourism in south east asia, driven by chinese travellers and low—cost airlines, is imposing an intolerable strain on the most popular destinations, forcing governments to consider measures to protect them. none, though, has gone as far as president duterte in the philippines, who has ordered the closure of the country's most popular holiday island, boracay, for six months starting next week. our south east asia correspondent, jonathan head, is there, and sent this report. the island of boracay has it all: white sand, warm clear water, and balmy weather. the first tourists 50 years ago described a miraculously
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untouched beach resort. but they were followed by hundreds and then thousands more. today, over 2 million visit this narrow palm fringed strip of land every year, causing an unplanned building boom and trafficjams. and, most worrying of all, serious pollution from inadequate sewage treatment. so president duterte has countered with a characteristically dramatic response: immediate closure. the island of boracay is not alone in its environmental difficulties. across this region, beaches are being swamped by a growing tidal wave of tourists. but nowhere else has the government taken such drastic action as shutting down an entire resort island. necessary, says president duterte, but it has stunned for people who live and work here. more than 30,000 people live on the island of boracay. many are migrants from other parts of the country, drawn tojobs here.
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this beach masseuse is wondering how she will pay her son's student fees when the tourists leave. "but if that is the president's choice," she says, "there is nothing we can do." this man is saying that he hopes the government will give him a replacementjob to support his wife and two children. the president sent his spokesman, harry roque, to the island of boracay to explain how the six—month closure would work. can you explain why president duterte insisted on such a sudden closure of the island of boracay, giving the locals very little time to prepare, rather than the original proposal for a six—month preparation period? we are hoping the president will
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reconsider his thinking. there are many people who will be affected. the president sent his spokesman to explain how it will work. why did rodrigo duterte insist on such a closure of the island giving people little time to prepare? it was the only way to do it. it is a drastic action to protect the environment. the president said he will spend public money for the welfare of the local people, but he will not subsidise the rich owners. so can a six—month hibernation restore the island of boracay to its former pristine beauty? the government is promising some basic infrastructure work during the break and tougher planning rules. but there is also talk of building huge new resorts and casinos here. this will not be a return to the quiet tropical idyll
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of days gone by. jonathon head, bbc news, the island of boracay, the philippines. you have been watching newsday. stay with us. we will be meeting the youngest billionaire in india to find out how they are helping the cash crisis. there's been a lot of anticipation for a big production that opened in london's west end tonight. tina the musical hit the stage, with songs and the story of tina turner's life and career. even tina turner herself showed up to see it. so let's end with a bit of music from the show. #what‘s love got to do, got to do
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with it? # #what‘s love got to do, got to do with it?# #who needs a heart when a heart can be broken? hi there. it's been the warmest day of the year so far with temperatures climbing up to 25 celsius on wednesday around greater london. and it was a fine day in western wales. a fine sunset in gwynedd. looking at the picture today, it was good to be even warmer in the sunshine, which will be widespread as well. but at times there will be a little more in the way of cloud across western areas. that is because we have a weak weather front out west. won't do much for rain, but there is the strip of cloud. maybe one or two spots in the hills and western areas of scotland. otherwise it's fine. early—morning fog patches, maybe the thames estuary but that will clear through the day. with winds coming from the south, and even hot today. temperatures will reach 27 degrees, the first time we have into the 80s in terms of fahrenheit. looking at thursday night, cloud developing of a western areas, perhaps with mist as well. the cloud across the west of scotland threatening some showers. but another relatively mild night.
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temperatures between seven and 13 degrees. more of the same on friday, although showers coming and going across the highlands of scotland and the northern isles. fresher air working across scotland, northern ireland and northern england. the temperatures will be easing in the northern half of uk, but still warm in the south, with temperatures 25 towards london and the south—east. all this fine weather is coming due to this high pressure. it is slipping away a little as we move through the weekend to allow a greater risk of some showers to come up from the south. they are most likely to swing up ahead of a weather front that is out just to the west of the british isles. you may see showers or thunderstorms developing across western areas of the uk. the best of the sunshine in scotland and eastern areas of england, where it will feel pleasantly warm, with temperatures up to 23. the second half the weekend, we could see further showers, and we will continue to seek temperatures easing back, particularly across the north—west of the country. in fact, sunday could out quite wet across the far north of england, northern ireland, and the west of scotland. still, not many showers in the south east, one or two passing showers maybe, with temperatures continuing the trend ofjust cooling a little.
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a good dealfresher across the north—west. a further cool down with the weather as we look in the forecast for next week. that is your latest weather. goodbye. i'm kasia madera with bbc news. our top story: donald trump and shinzo abe hold high—level talks on north korea. the two leaders agree that a campaign of maximum pressure must continue until north korea denuclearizes. it comes after president trump confirms his cia director met with kim jong—un on a secret trip to pyongyang at easter. the end of the castro era in cuba.
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raul prepares to step down as the country's president. he's handing over the baton to miguel diaz—canel. and this video is trending on residents in victorville, california have been facing a very prickly problem. their neighbourhood has been beseiged by tumbleweed. around 150 homes were covered by the bushes after strong desert winds. that's all from me for now. stay with bbc news. and the top story here in the uk: the prime minister apologises again, this time to mps, for the government's treatment of caribbean migrants.
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