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tv   The Briefing  BBC News  August 3, 2018 5:00am-5:31am BST

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this is the briefing, i'm maryam moshiri. our top story: emmerson mnangagwa of zimbabwe's governing zanu—pf party wins the presidential election. the opposition rejects the result. as europe tries to keep cool in another heatwave, is the all—time record temperature about to be broken? in the shadow of guantanamo bay. we make a rare visit to the cuban town besides one of the most controversial military installations in the world. it's official. after having started 42 years ago in a garage, apple is now the first american public company to be worth $1 trillion. a warm welcome to the programme,
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briefing you on all you need to know in global news, business and sport. and you can be part of the conversation. as a heatwave grips much of europe, we want to know, how hot is it where you are and how do you cope with it 7 any advice for viewers? where you are and how do you cope with it? any advice for viewers? let us know! just use #bbcthebriefing. our top ourtop: —— ourtop our top: —— our top story: the president of zimbabwe, emmerson mnangagwa of the governing zanu—pf party, has been declared the victor in monday's presidential elections. mr mnangagwa won just under 51% of the vote against 44% for nelson chamisa of the opposition movement for democratic change alliance, the mdc. they rejected the results and said it would be challenged in court. fergal keane sent this report from harare. after a wait in which the country
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was plunged into crisis, at last, the moment of decision. the votes received by mnangagwa, emmerson dambudzo of zanu—pf party are more than half the number of votes cast in the presidential election. therefore, mnangagwa, emmerson dambudzo of zanu—pf party is therefore duly declared elected president of the republic of zimbabwe, with effect from the 3rd august, 2018. cheering the newly—elected president is the man who overthrew robert mugabe last november. today we are witnessing the beginning of a new and unfolding democracy. his victory is the culmination of 50 years of activism and political manoeuvring. his victory is the culmination
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of 50 years of activism and political manoeuvring. for the man nicknamed the crocodile — patient and ruthless. do those characteristics describe you, do you think? i'm as soft as wool. i am a very soft person in life, my brother. but hours before tonight's announcement, the man he has defeated claimed that mr mnangagwa had stolen the election. people know who they voted for, and they definitely did not vote for ed mnangagwa in this election, and people know that. the victory declaration won't end the polarisation that's deepened so dramatically in the last days. this was the normally bustling centre of harare. soldiers who'd opened fire on crowds yesterday warned people to go home. this isn't the typical busy harare of a thursday afternoon, it's an apprehensive place. it's a city whose streets don't belong to the people today, but to men with batons and guns. we came across a stand—off with
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police at opposition headquarters. they'd arrested several people. the face of a prisoner. but they wanted more who were still in the building. have the police entered the building? no, we stopped them from doing that. we stopped them from doing that. there's an army chopper coming overhead. finally, a warrant and more arrests. the faces tell their own story about zimbabwe's politics today. it was a very different scene among zanu supporters in rural mazowe, confidently expecting the victory of ed mnangagwa. it's been our liberation since 1980, we were born into zanu—pf and i am zanu—pf and i will support it to the end. the president has his victory and is backed by the might of the state, but he will rule a deeply divided nation. fergal keane, bbc news, harare.
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other news now: as europe bakes in another heatwave, forecasters say the all—time temperature record could be broken in the coming days. the current mark, 48 degrees celsius, was set more than a0 years ago. but the southern continent, particularly spain and portugal, could see temperatures higher than that. the bbc‘s tim allman reports. speaks spanish the weather forecast could probably summed up in just two words — "very hot". spanish television warning viewers that temperatures were only going one way, up, aided by a surge of scorching air sweeping in from africa. in madrid, there were some enjoying this summer of summers. others trying to find what shade they could. i have a hydration pack,
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so actually this little straw allows me to just drink water. so i've been trying to drink plenty of water. i put sunscreen on in the morning. ifind shade when i can and try to relax in the shade, but definitely just try to stay hydrated. it was the same story in portugal. the iberian peninsula expected to bear the brunt of this heatwave in the coming days. the country is on high alert as the mercury rises. translation: it's very difficult being outside in this heatwave. it's impossible to be here, it's too hot. translation: it seems we won't have many customers, the tourists want to go to the beach. europe's record temperature, 48 degrees celsius, was measured in athens in 1977. the highest temperature for portugal was 47.4dc in 2003. just a shade above spain's peak of 47.3dc injuly last year. forecasters predict there
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is around a 30% chance the record will be broken. even if that doesn't happen, it's still plenty hot enough. tim allman, bbc news. let's brief you on some of the other stories making the news. the united nations‘ special envoy for yemen says he'll invite the warring parties in yemen for talks in geneva in september to discuss a framework for peace negotiations. the announcement came as airstrikes blamed on the saudi—led coalition left at least twenty people in the port of hodeida. -- 20. in an effort to handle a severe economic crisis, venezuela's governing constituent assembly has voted to legalise currency exchange operations and relax tight controls put in place 15 years ago. analysts say the controls had encouraged the black market and accelerated hyperinflation. the opposition dismissed the reform as an attempt to take control of remittances sent from abroad on which many venezuelans depend.
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the roman catholic church now says capital punishment is never acceptable under any circumstances. pope francis had previously spoken out against the use of the death penalty, and the vatican says it will work for abolition across the globe. he says killing a prisoner deprives the guilty of the possibility of redemption. apple has become the first publicly—listed us company to be valued at $1 trillion. back in october, 2001, when apple launched its first ipod, the company had a market value of $6 billion. but thanks to the successful iphone the company has now overtaken its silicon valley rivals, such as amazon and microsoft. dr stephanie hare is an independent analyst. shejoins me now. stephanie, what do you make of the
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$1 trillion mark? it's pretty symbolic, isn't it, in telling us the way apple has gone over the past 42 years from its inception to that? one of the things that's very clear is apple's revenues are still largely driven by the sale of iphones, something like 61% of sales. in some ways it's the same old story, but one thing i would like to point out that i things really interesting is china now accounts for 18% of apple's revenues —— think‘s. china is really important for apple in terms of its sales and it's really important for its supply chain, and this means is benighted states and china have a real trade war, if we watch us president donald trump proceed with that, apple is really in the crossfire is. looking ahead, that's a real risk for them. —— crossfire is. do you think apple needs to concentrate on trying in the future?
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it will be a good return on investment to lobby donald trump to not have that trade war. people were criticising apple for the price of iphones, the way things we re the price of iphones, the way things were going, the criticism of their boss not having the personality of steve jo bs boss not having the personality of steve jobs and yet this boss not having the personality of stevejobs and yet this valuation last in the face of those criticisms, doesn't it? personality is one thing but results on the other, and that's what the market respects and looks at and the fact is under ceo tim cook apple has started to grow its ecosystem and diversify that really interestingly, that's a strategy that they will expand in the coming quarters. stephanie, we will have you back on shortly to look through the papers. thank you very much indeed. it was a united front at the white house earlier as the president's national security team lined up to say they have evidence that russia is trying to interfere in the us‘s election process. despite criticism of trump's recent summit with vladimir putin in helsinki, top officials say the president has been taking decisive action to defend the country's election system from interference. but the director of
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national intelligence says the threat remains. in regards to russian involvement in the mid—term elections, we continue to see a pervasive messaging campaign by russia to try to weaken and divide the united states. that was a sentiment echoed by the director of homeland security kirsten nielsen, who made clear what's at stake. our democracy itself is in the crosshairs. free and fair elections are the cornerstone of our democracy, and it has become clear that they are the target of our adversaries, who seek, as the dni just said, to sow discord and undermine our way of life. in a separate development, there are reports that a russian spy has worked in the american embassy in moscow for many years. our north america correspondent, peter bowes, has more on that story. this was first reported by the
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guardian newspaper that in the uk that a russian national employed by the us secret service at the us embassy in moscow worked there for some time, to a decade, and had access to potentially sensitive internal communications systems, intranet systems and e—mail systems that may well have given her access to sensitive information, perhaps about the schedules of the president and the vice president. this came to light through a security sweep of the staff working there a couple of yea rs the staff working there a couple of years ago, and it was identified that she had been having meetings with security officials from russia, russian security agents, and the suggestion is perhaps passing on information. she was eventually dismissed, she was sacked from her job. peter bowes there. stay with us on bbc news, still to come: we make a rare visit to the cuban town besides the infamous camp of guantanamo bay, one of the most controversial military installations
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in the world. the question was whether we want to save our people, and japanese as well, and win the war and taking a chance to win the war by killing our young men. the invasion began at 2am. mr bush, like most other people, was clearly caught by surprise. we call for the immediate and unconditional withdrawal of all the iraqi forces. 100 years old and still full of vigor, vitality and enjoyment of life. no other king or queen in british history has lived so long, and the queen mother is said to be quietly very pleased indeed that she's achieved this landmark anniversary. this is a pivotal moment for the church as an international movement.
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the question now is whether the american vote will lead to a split in the anglican community. you're watching the briefing. our headlines: europe basks in another heatwave, with the all—time record temperature set to be broken. emmerson mnangagwa of zimbabwe's governing zanu—pf party wins the presidential election. the opposition rejects the result. lets stay with that now. vimbaishe musvaburi activist in harare, and stood as an independent parliamentary candidate in the election for boo—la—way—o south. your reaction to the result?|j
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your reaction to the result? i am disappointed because there are millions of us will need a morning after pill this morning because a lot of people are waking up to this news, for me at, the younger generation, we look forward to other things, we look forward to that change as a generation. we wake up to the normal. the same thing, or even worse for the past 37 years. i am 36 and have lived in the system for all my life. what you think the reaction now is going to be? what is going to happen next politically and perhaps more importantly, on the streets of zimbabwe? well, the way
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people are feeling on social media and people are not happy at all with the result. ifo see a situation where people are really going to speak out because they feel very let down, ina speak out because they feel very let down, in a sense that they hoped their vote —— their vote would speak to them. however, i urge the community to restrain from being violent in any way. if anybody wants to speak up and anybody wants to be heard about this result, they have to do it the constitutional way because we don't want any fatalities going on again today or in the next few days. but i can assure you, the people of zimbabwe are not happy. they are not happy at all. a lot of suspicions on reading, what the people voicing up asking for clues. a lot of people asking for nelson to
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prove his paperwork in regards to his numbers of. can we also see the president's paperwork? but at the end of the day, we have got this today and we have got to move forward to see how best we can be helped as a nation, as a generation, because we cannot be stuck in one place. a lot of people were commenting on social media scene, ok what is next for our generation? because at 36— 45 years old you are 110w because at 36— 45 years old you are now looking at how you are going to retire. as a result, no one is going to retire because nobody was working and you can't stop thinking about a pension because you never worked. now we need to come to a point where we realise we are in the same system, we can't suddenly think that oui’ system, we can't suddenly think that our lives are going to change overnight in the same system. thank you very much. the us naval base at
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guantanamo bay in cuba is one of the most controversial military installations in the world. it's been leased to the united states since the early 1900s, but after the 9/11 terror attacks in 2001, it became the site of one of the most notorious prisons. now cuba's communist—run government wants the detention centre closed, and it wants the territory back. our cuba correspondent, will grant, was given rare access to caimanera, the tiny town neighbouring the vast base. welcome to the most heavily guarded town in cuba. caimanera is located directly beside the us naval base at guantanamo bay and visiting isn't easy. we were among a group of foreign journalists granted rare access to the town where security is so tight that even local residents find getting in and out difficult. translation: the biggest
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inconvenience is having to come in via a control point, it causes robbins, especially for visiting family members. i am grateful it brings additional security. in its heyday, caimanera was popular with us marines on leave and scores of town people worked on the naval base. after the cu ban town people worked on the naval base. after the cuban revolution, relations soured. the americans agreed to keep on any cuban working at guantanamo bay, but the last one retired in 2012. the local authorities call caimanera the first trench in the battle against anti—imperialist and. but living for over a century in its shadow of the infamous us naval base has left its mark on the smalltown. today, it people seem at ease but local fishermen know not to stray too far, minds are still wide between the town and the base. the us leases the naval base under an agreement from 1903 forjust $4000 a year. that
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through though, never cashed cheques and local parties officials bitterly resent there are unwonted american neighbours. translation: resent there are unwonted american neighbours. translationzlj resent there are unwonted american neighbours. translation: i don't think we should end to —— enter into negotiations over its return, one negotiator do something that doesn't belong to you, it belongs to us and i writes they should get it back. it is not theirs, it is ours. i am absolutely committed to closing the detention facility at broker. despite obama's promises to close the centre, around 40 detainees are held there. the trump administration plans to keep it out now and the president has ever sanctioned the idea of returning to base to cuba. these days, the local salt mines, rather than the base, is the main source of work in the caimanera, producing around 70% of cuba's salt. it is hard arduous factory work for low state wages but there are fewer
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options in the town, nestled beside one of the most infamous buildings in south america. now it's time to get all the latest from the bbc sports centre. hello, i'm tulsen tollett. coming up in your friday sport briefing: the second round of the women's british open heads out shortly. the first test between england and india is delicately poised with day three at edgbaston later. and gonzalo higuain is on his way to milan. ariya jutanugarn has plenty to do if she is going to win a second golf major in a row at the women's british open at royal lytham. the world numberfinished herfirst round tied 28th on one over, six shots behind leader minjee lee of australia. lee carded a seven—under round of 65 to sit on top of the leaderboard. this birdie on the 10th was one of six in her opening round. japan's mamiko higa is just one shot
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behind her on six—under. while home—favourite georgia hall of england signed for a bogey—free 67 on thursday to sit tied—third on five—under. more than 100 caps for england, over 400 appearances for chelsea, three premier league titles and one champions league crown, frank lampard had quite the career as a player. and later on friday, he'll be in the dugout as a manager for the first time. lampard will take charge of derby county when they face reading in the english second tier. iam i am excited. definitely. iam excited. definitely. im focused. it certainly has brought another intensity to my life this week, there had been an intense pre—season before that. i am very excited and of course there will be nerves coming back today. a brilliant 149 from india captain virat kohli rescued his side
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against england on day two of the first test match at edgbaston. after setting a target of 287, england managed to bowl india out forjust 274, with 20—year—old sam curran taking four of the wickets. however, the late wicket of alistair cook took the shine off england's day. the opener was bowled for a duck, as england closed on 9—1. there was a nice breeze out there, the clouds came in as well, which probably helped a little bit. in terms, i think recently we have noticed the ball doesn't swing as much when it is really new. as soon as the lacquer comes off it swings more. challenging to hit those lengths and be patient. obviously they started off nicely, we dragged it back nicely, 110—5. pretty good. we managed to bowl them out before our total, which was a big positive. it's one of the biggest loan deals in italian footbal history, and it's on! gonzalo higuain scored 73 goals forjuventus and the club are letting him go. the argentinian had a medical at milan on thursday ahead of a loan move to the rossieneri, while leonardo bonucci goes
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the other way. higuain had gone down the pecking order at juventus after cristiano ronaldo joined the club last month. you can get all of the latest sports news on our website. from me and the rest of the team, that is your friday sport briefing. we have been asking our viewers into an insight of how they are coping with the heat wave, which has been gripping much of europe and indeed many parts of the world. so many tweets from everywhere in the world. in particular we have had kate from ontario, she says drink lots of water, popsicles, we have here on the weekend in ontario similar to bridges to europe. i bet it will get hot over there. susie says keep your skin that if the weather is hot, especially the skin on the back of
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your neck and brick lot —— drink lots of water. erika says i take naps lots of water. erika says i take na ps to lots of water. erika says i take naps to regain the energy that the sun sucks out of the during the day. she is in phoenix, arizona, i am sure that means she is used to the hot weather. someone else said go somewhere with air conditioning. an interesting treat from someone in south africa, he says it is a cold winter in south africa, in fact it is 16 celsius where i am. a reminder perhaps that it is not hot everywhere in the world. stay with me on bbc news, i'll be back with the business briefing in just a few moments. hello there. on thursday we have
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some outbreaks of rain across north—western parts of the uk. further south it was very much warm sunshine that was the story of the day. this is how the sunset was in essex and friday brings us more of the same. over the next few days, although most places look right, there will be showery rain particular for northern england. people build towards the south because we have the wind coming in from the near continent. further north, the blue arrows indicate slightly fresher conditions for heading across scotland and northern ireland too. so looking at the forecast for friday morning, you will notice a little bit of rain across the far north of wales, northern england and southern scotla nd northern england and southern scotland too. to the south of that, patchy cloud particle into parts of wales and the south—west of england, cloudy conditions here. the hottest weather will be towards the south—east, where temperatures could reach 31, 32 or even 33 degrees.
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further north, looking at those temperatures generally in the low 20s. quite a contrast north—west to south—east. as we move through friday evening, at showery rain heads towards the east. most places i try to start the weekend and quite humid with those temperatures around about 15— 17 or 18 degrees. it could be 19 or 20 about 15— 17 or 18 degrees. it could be 19 or20 in about 15— 17 or 18 degrees. it could be 19 or 20 in the south—east. slightly more fresh again towards scotla nd slightly more fresh again towards scotland and northern ireland. is this area of high pressure that is building from the west, keeping most places dry through the day on saturday. the best of the sunshine will be for eastern scotland and parts of england and wales. a little bit more cloud will drift in further to the north—west of scotland and northern ireland but wherever you are it is looking like a pretty decent day. temperatures will vary, 18 or 19 per scotland and northern ireland. 29, possibly 30 downpours the south—east. sunday and other dry day with lots of sunshine and dry
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wind. a bit more breezy fork scotland, seen cloud and eight and outbreaks of rain to the western isles. dry elsewhere and to bridges again around 18— 29 degrees. wiki that he in the south looking to monday and tuesday, most places look bright, 19 or 20 degrees typically further north. bye for now. this is the business briefing. i'm sally bundock. it's official. after having started 42 years ago in a garage, apple is now the world's first public company to be worth a trillion dollars. and, how high can you fly? the owner of british airways, iberia and aer lingus reports are revealing its latest results. on the markets, asian stocks are following wall street's lead this friday. tech stocks have moved things forward but investors are still worried about the trade spat between beijing and washington.
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