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tv   BBC News at Ten  BBC News  September 5, 2018 10:00pm-10:31pm BST

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tonight at 10:00 — two russian nationals named as suspects in the poisoning of former spy sergei skripal and his daughter yulia. after an extensive study of cctv and other images, scotland yard says there would be sufficient evidence to charge the two men. it came six months after the skripals were poisoned by a russian—made nerve agent in salisbury, prompting a huge international outcry. the two individuals named by the police and cps are officers from the russian military intelligence services — also known as the gru. the men have been named as alexander petrov and ruslan boshirov, whose movements have been traced in detail by the british authorities. we'll have the latest on the investigation, that's involved 250 officers, and we'll be asking about the significance of today's new information. also tonight... we are three friends, bloggers, we
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all have one thing in common, we all have or have had cancer. tributes to the bbc‘s rachel bland, who's died at the age of a0 — presenter of an award—winning podcast documenting her treatment for cancer. scallop fishing — now britain and france have agreed the principles of a deal, a week after violent clashes between fishermen from the two countries. in iraq, we report on the fortunate few in the yazidi community enjoying a family reunion, while tens of thousands are still missing. and we talk to england's record—breaking alistair cook, about his decison to retire from international cricket, and his plans for the future. and coming up on sportsday on bbc news, thomas bjorn opts for experience. ian poulter makes the 12 man ryder cup team, alongside sergio garcia, paul casey and henrik stenson. good evening.
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after months of detailed investigation, police have identified two russian nationals as suspects in the attempted murder sergei skripal and his daughter yulia. the men, using the names ruslan boshirov and alexander petrov, are thought to be officers from russia's military intelligence service. mr skripal and his daughter were poisoned with the nerve agent novichok in salisbury in march this year. but moscow has denied any knowledge of the men, as our security correspondent gordon corera reports. these two russians now stand accused of the salisbury nerve agent attack. it claimed in march they deployed the nerve agent that poisoned sergei skripal and his daughter, and which months later accidentally contaminated charlie rowley and
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killed dawn sturgess. police say they came to the country as alexander petrov and ruslan boshirov, but those are thought to be false names, used by two undercover operatives. the government has concluded the two individuals named by the police and cps are officers from the russian military intelligence service, also known as the gru. the gru is a highly disciplined organisation with a well—established chain of command. so this was not a rogue operation. it was almost certainly also approved outside the gru at a senior level of the russian state. the two men, police say, carried out a remarkably sophisticated attack. they flew in from moscow, and are seen here in salisbury shortly after it's alleged they smeared nerve agent on sergei skripal‘s front door, and this is what's believed to have been their weapon — the perfume bottle used to carry the novichok nerve agent. today's announcement
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by the crown prosecution service marks the most significant of the investigation. we now have sufficient evidence to bring charges in relation to the attack on sergei and yulia skripal in salisbury, and we have issued a european arrest warrant. we will be seeking to circulate interpol red notices. prosecutors say they have enough evidence to charge the two with conspiracy to murder sergei skripal, attempted murder of sergei skripal, his daughter yulia and detective sergeant nick bailey — a police officer who went to their house, use and possession of novichok contrary to the chemical weapons act, and causing grievous bodily harm with intent to yulia skripal and nick bailey. so what is the gru? based in this building, is the intelligence arm of the russian military with a long track record of undercover operations around the world.
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undeeradimir putin, seen here visiting the headquarters, observers say it's become even more aggressive, accused of hacking america's 2016 election and now using nerve agent in britain. the prime target of the salisbury operation was sergei skripal, himself a former officer in the gru. sergei skripal, it's thought, was targeted by former colleagues in the gru because they viewed him as a traitor for working for the british secret service, mi6. today was about much more than just naming two individuals, but also in the government's eyes, exposing the role of the gru, and the prime minister made clear that as well as the public accusation, british intelligence would be asked to do more to counter the gru's activities out of sight. today, russia's deputy ambassador was summoned to the foreign office. moscow has said it doesn't recognise the names of the men accused. the british government acknowledges
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there is no real chance they will be extradited, but it will be hoping that today increases the pressure on moscow. gordon corera, bbc news. as we heard, more than 250 detectives have been working on the investigation, and they combed through 11,000 hours of cctv footage to identify the attackers. in the process they have also taken more than 1,400 statements. our home affairs correspondent daniel sandford looks at the scale and depth of the investigation. this was the moment on the first friday in march that two men, calling themselves alexander petrov and ruslan boshirov arrived at gatwick on a flight from moscow. after six months of painstaking work, detectives believe the men used this hotel in east london to spend their first night in britain before travelling by train down to salisbury on a reconnaissance mission that saturday afternoon. detectives want anyone who saw them that day between 2:00
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and 4:30 to come forward. the next day, sunday, the day of the attack, they returned to salisbury, and were caught on cctvjust before 12 o'clock on wilson road. that image was recorded just moments before the attack, because from here, it is just a short walk to sergei skripal‘s house, where detectives think the two men used a perfume dispenser to pump the nerve agent, the novichok, onto the front door. that looks like the perfect kind of vessel to have applied some form of agent through a pump, it's a gel or a liquid, onto the door of the skripals' home, which is what is contaminated sergei and then yulia. an hour and a half later, already contaminated from theirfront door, sergei and yulia skripal drove into town. they had a drink in the mill pub, and after lunch at zizzi's were found seriously ill on a park bench at 4:15. they very nearly died. while the suspects walked calmly back to the station, took the train to london and flew out of heathrow at 10:30
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that night to moscow, safely out of reach. by now, detective sergeant nick bailey had also become contaminated. the fake perfume bottle police think the men used had a specially adapted nozzle, and was full of novichok. it was found injune in this counterfeit nina ricci packaging by charlie rowley. he thinks it may have been in a charity collection bin. his partner, dawn sturgess, died after spraying herself with the bottle, and tonight charlie rowley said of the suspects, i want to see them brought to justice. and the leader of salisbury council is also desperate to see a trial of those who carried out the novichok attack. it was reckless, it was irresponsible, it was criminal. and i hope, however unlikely, that these people will be brought tojustice. six months on, the quiet city of salisbury is still suffering, both economically and psychologically. even the grass where the skripals
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were found has had to be relayed because of contamination, and the chief medical officer was still advising residents today not to pick up any strange objects. daniel sandford, bbc news, salisbury. 0ur correspondent steve rosenberg is in moscow. lots of new information here today. what has been the response there? well, what we didn't see today was moscow putting its hands up and admitting, yes, we did this, we carried this out. quite the opposite, in fact. carried this out. quite the opposite, infact. russia carried this out. quite the opposite, in fact. russia portrayed itself today as an innocent party, and pointed the finger back at britain. for example, the kremlin today said that from the outset moscow had told london it was willing to take part in a joint investigation into the salisbury poisoning, but that offer had been met with silence. the russian
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foreign ministry today accused britain of manipulating information and called for practical cooperation. that is not going to happen. it is clear that the british government is determined to increase diplomatic pressure on moscow. britain has called for a meeting of the un security council tomorrow. there is talk of trying to push through new eu sanctions. it is there an appetite for new sanctions in europe? i suspect not. it is good to be hard, then, for the uk to retain european unity and pressure on moscow. steve, many thanks again. here in the studio is our security correspondent gordon corera, who has been going through this in greater detail. lots of intriguing information today. but where does it leave us? my understanding is that the authorities identified the spare a while back, and they might know their real names, notjust the names they used to come into the country. the hope was that the russians would not realise this and perhaps that pair would be allowed to travel, and might be picked up. clearly, that
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didn't happen, so the decision was taken to go public with it. i don't think there is any real expectation that, despite what we have heard, that, despite what we have heard, that people will end up in a british courtroom. if you look at the litvinenko case, the russians have been that they will not extradite their own citizens, especially in a sensitive case like this. the idea of laying out this evidence was to try to dispel doubts at home and abroad about where the trail of response policy lead, and to put pressure on the russians. some of the pressure will be overt, very visible, the diplomatic moves, some will be slightly less visible. for instance, we may see more action against some of those oligarchs linked to the kremlin. some of it will be close to invisible or covert intelligence activity to try to disrupt the work of the gru, russian military intelligence. all of that with the intention not so much bringing this petty trial, as deterring russia from doing something similar again. gordon, again, thank you very much. the bbc presenter rachael bland has
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died at the age of 40, almost two years after being diagnosed with breast cancer. her family confirmed she died peacefully at home in the early hours of this morning. rachael was a familiar voice on radio 5 live, as a newsreader and presenter, and won praise for her podcast about the cancer treatment she'd undergone. 0ur correspondentjudith moritz looks back at her life. we are three friends, we're also bloggers. we have one thing in common — we all have or have had cancer. rachael bland changed the conversation about cancer. the newsreader whose own story became the most important. diagnosed with breast cancer, rachael created the podcast "you, me and the big c", three women with cancer in common, talking about it in a funny, frank and fresh way. we thought we would come back with a bang and talk about death and dying. and mainly i think we really wanted to talk about the subject because people don't talk about it.
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no, they don't. the podcast has been so popular that yesterday, it reached number one in the uk charts. unfortunately for rachael's cancer, herjourney in terms of where we are, it has ended, but what she has shown is that she has lived and she has lived absolutely a worthwhile, purposeful, amazing life that has had an impact on so many people. after more than 15 years on bbc radio 5 live, rachael found that the podcast brought her a new audience. it wasn't about her. she didn't want any personal fame, it was a crusade to help others get through cancer, and she was adamant she wanted to do that. and alongside that, she wanted to help her son, freddie, come to terms with what's happened to her. rachael's little boy is just three years old. she's wrapped presents for him to open on every birthday until he's 21. she spoke about being with him when she learned her cancer was incurable.
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the call came through and he said, "i'm really sorry. it's the cancer, it's back." and all the way home, i was saying to freddie, "i'm so sorry, i'm so sorry." don't, because you're going to make me... sorry, that's the first thing that has made me cry in the first 12 episodes of the podcast! it's finally broken me! today, rachael's death was announced on air. the news that our beloved colleague, 5 live presenter and newsreader rachael bland has died this morning. in tributes, rachael was said to have helped improve understanding of cancer and reduce its stigma. and this from her husband, steve. "at the end," he said, "even though her body was at its weakest, rachael's voice was at its strongest and most powerful and she'll always be an incredible inspiration." the bbc‘s rachael bland, who died this morning at the age of 40.
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high levels of e.coli bacteria were found at a hotel in egypt where a british couple died last month. john and susan cooper from lancashire died during their stay with thomas cook at the steigenburger aqua magic hotel on the red sea. the exact cause of their deaths is still unknown. the tour operator has apologised, saying standards were below what it expected, and it is committing more resources to tackle hygiene at hotels with high sickness levels. a major report has called for far—reaching reform to put fairness at the heart of the economy. the commission on economicjustice was set up two years ago, and includes the archbishop of canterbury as one of its members, as well as representatives of business, trade unionists and economists. it's called for higher pay levels, more investment and a change to the way big companies are run. 0ur economics editor kamal ahmed has been looking at the findings. it's now at a point where it doesn't
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matter how many hours you work, if you've got family or if you've got any sort of debt, you can't ever get out of this vicious circle. so you're literally just out of this vicious circle. so you're literallyjust going round and round and round. ramsgate in kent, and stephanie todd, telling a story — her story — and a story for many millions in britain working and finding it hard to make ends meet. would you struggle to save £10 at the end of the month? yeah, yeah. because i have to borrow money by the end of the month. from yourfamily, and... yeah. so i couldn't save any money. the question, how to fix the system for the "just about managing", described today as unjust. when i was growing up, i was told get a good job and that's your route out of poverty. but that's no longer the case. i think that's why the report, and that's why the commission is calling for radical reform of the economy, because something is to change. we need a simple tax system that
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means that those who are able to bear the weight should bear the weight. so, yes, some people will need to pay more tax. some people won't need to pay more tax. but it's got to be something that's not optional. it's got to be fair and just, for the common good of every person in the country. so, what is this new economic plan? the commission's report contains some bold ideas. increased taxes on the wealthiest, for example by taxing income that comes from owning shares. increased taxes on firms, by raising corporation tax to 24% from 19%. new taxes and controls on technology giants like facebook and google. and increase the number of affordable homes to help younger people onto the housing ladder. given that last year the government struggled to get through a relatively modest tax increase for self—employed workers, what chances do you actually think there are of any of these policies ever being passed by a parliament
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were no one party has a majority? we hope today that politicians of all parties will respond positively to our recommendations. as i said, we are trying to catalyse, at the very least, a national debate that is more meaningful, that is more taking radical ideas into consideration, rather than mealy—mouthed incremental change that we just don't think will work. mealy—mouthed or radical, politicians will have the chance to respond to this report on tax and spending in the budget, later in the autumn. kamal ahmed, bbc news. britain and france have agreed the principles of a deal, a week after violent clashes between scallop fishermen from the two countries. some 40 french boats clashed with five uk vessels last week, when the dispute erupted about rights to fish scallops off the french coast. the french navy is on standby to intervene, to prevent further violence. 0ur environment correspondent claire marshall is in
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brixham in devon tonight. the french don't want to edging to ta ke the french don't want to edging to take place in this area because they wa nt take place in this area because they want scallop stocks to replenish, and it seems the british side have agreed to that. they have agreed that no uk scallop vessels will go back to where those clashes happened. this will be hard on the smaller boats who don't want to lose money, but the crucial issue is that the compensation level hasn't been set yet. heading out from brixham today, a very different boat from the huge dredgers that left from this same harbour last week and clashed with french fishermen. we were taken to a secret location with divers that gather scallops by hand. they showed us their technique. there's no large machinery involved. they select the right ones and leave the rest. there is another way to get scallops that leaves the sea bed intact,
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and the growing success of businesses like this shows that more and more people are caring about how their scallops are fished. if you take too much, there's going to be nothing left. if you don't leave enough breeding stock to breed, then you can't keep fishing. and this so—called scallop war is about dredging. dredgers haul up everything. the british were fishing legally, but furious french fishermen say they will leave them with no catch in the bay de seine. this blue boat is a 200 tonne british trawler crashing into a french boat. english fishermen say these smaller vessels deliberately got in their way. it took four hours of negotiations, but a deal of sorts was done. no uk vessels will be allowed into the bay until the 4th of october. i'm very
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pleased that we have negotiated a deal that has satisfied the honour of both sides, that our boats will be fishing where they want to fish, the larger vessels and the smaller vessels, and from the 1st of 0ctober, vessels, and from the 1st of october, that bay de seine fishery will be open. this is brixham harbour tonight. there is scepticism about the plan. the level of compensation was decided, that is down to a summit in paris on friday. do they think the french will pay a lot of money? nope! all british scallop boats have been asked to voluntarily stay away from the affected area until a formal deal is signed. it is up to the skippers were they wa nt to it is up to the skippers were they want to comply. thousands of people have had
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to be moved from one of japan's largest airports, in the wake of typhoonjebi. around 5,000 people were stranded at the airport near 0saka after a large tanker damaged the bridge connecting it to the mainland and the runway was submerged in water. the storm is the strongest to hitjapan in 25 years. thousands of members of the religious minority the yazidis are still missing four years after so—called islamic state attacked them in their ancestral home in iraq. over 10,000 people were killed or kidnapped as people from the minority community were attacked on the slopes of mount sinjar. men and boys were killed, and girls and women enslaved. the un has called it genocide. 0ur chief international correspondent lyse doucet has been to kocho in northern iraq to see the legacy of is's brutal onslaught. sinjar mountain, sacred land of the yazidis. these slopes still haunted by the terror of islamic state in this northern corner of iraq. four years on, clothes still litter the mountainside — discarded in panic by a people
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on the run desperate to escape. now in the foothills, a chilling silence. a date seared in every yazidi's memory. is fighters no longer hold this land, but still hold a people hostage. thousands of men, women and children are still missing. but for this family, some relief. a daughter enslaved by is in syria is freed after four long years. her family paid tens of thousands of dollars to get her and her children back. the day after she returns, we visit her at home. and she feared she'd never be able to escape that living hell.
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translation: when i was in captivity, isis lied to me. they said yazidi women would never be free and that our families would kill us if we tried to come home. so i was scared to come back. i was scared my family would kill me. and i was so surprised at the welcome i got. you can begin to imagine what women like her have been through at the hands of so—called islamic state. daily beatings, mutilation, and there are said to be 3000 more yazidi women and children still missing, still captured by islamic state. from sinjar, we made a shortjourney to kocho, the yazidi village is tried to wipe off the map. now it's a monument to a massacre.
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more than a thousand people rounded up — men and old women shot dead, young women sold into slavery. the sense of loss here is overwhelming. this man mourns his brother, buried alive at the back of this schoolyard. inside, a memorial to the dead and the missing. he shows his grandsons the photos — their father, uncles, aunts, favourite cousins, all gone. upstairs, traces of horror. mattresses scattered across the floor, abandoned uniforms. the aching silence of a generation lost. at the edge of kocho, mass graves. just three soldiers standing guard.
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killing fields darken the yazidi heartland. bones exposed by the wind. people are desperate for these graves to be exhumed. translation: this is where isis killed my people. these bones are evidence of a massacre. they bear witness to what happened here. we want these crimes to be investigated. the un calls this a genocide, but four years on, little has been done. after so much loss, the yazidi people are now losing hope. lyse doucet, bbc news, sinjar. the terrible suffering of the yazidi
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people, and that was lyse doucet reporting. the british film industry says it's in the midst of an industrial revolution. over 10 million households now have access to subscription video—on—demand, and the long—established differences between film and television are disappearing. as our media editor amol rajan reports, this is making cinemas diversify in order to stay ahead. are you 0k? what happened? you fainted. one of this summer's big budget originalfilms, released and streamed on netflix. to all the boys i've loved before is about a teenager whose secret love letters are taken by her little sister and sent out to the five boys that she has crushes on. look, i really... i appreciate it, but it's never going to happen. i'm sorry, what? it created a buzz on social media. but here's the thing, no cinema is going to show it. oh, my god. the letters are out. streaming services from the likes of amazon and apple first revolutionised tv. now movies are getting the same treatment.
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and it's changing the economics of the industry. i was paying attention. franchises such as the latest marvel film, ant—man and the wasp have dominated the list of top grossing films in the last few years. they appeal to international, and particularly chinese audiences, who, in precarious times, are often vital to make productions viable. the rise of the golden age of tv and the franchisation of film are connected. you will have almost all the kinds of content you want to see, except for the biggest superhero films, you'll be able to see everything else at home, if that's what you prefer. but for those of us who love theatres, it might be a bit sad. front row, please, mate. as a result of this revolution, cinemas are changing. they're diversifying to become hubs for community events, from live conversation to meeting places for new mums. box office sales are no longer the sole metric of success. in fact, so far this year, box office receipts are down, while cinema admissions are up.
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and the electric here in birmingham, founded in 1909 and the oldest working cinema in the country, is at the forefront of this very modern trend. i think if the smaller cinemas want to compete, they need to continue to reinvent themselves and come up with new ideas. if that means paring cinema with food or wine, it gives people a reason to leave their living rooms and head back into the cinema again. in the age of the smartphone, competition is unprecedented. 0ne former boss of bbc films, who is now an independent producer, can see power shifting toward smaller television screens. a lot of talented producers are probably feeling that film is less worth their while. i think they get to the point where it's exhausting and it often doesn't work. and they're seeing that many of the things they enjoy about film are happening in television. and they want to be part of that. and they can build a business
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on the back of that. an extraordinary influx of money from technology companies, for whom cinemas are a distraction, is changing film for ever. in the movie business, the big picture is getting smaller. amol rajan, bbc news. he is england's most prolific test batsman, with more than 12,000 runs to his name and 160 test match appearances. but at 33, alistair cook announced this week he will retire from international cricket. he's been discussing his decision, and his plans, with our sports correspondentjoe wilson. one last time... the final test. by nature, alistair cook's more batter than chatter — england's best ever. so impossible to replace, isn't he? no, i'm definitely not irreplaceable, i think that's...


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