Skip to main content

tv   BBC News  BBC News  September 18, 2018 8:00pm-9:01pm BST

8:00 pm
this is bbc news, the headlines at 8pm. a government—commissioned report says it should be easier for highly—skilled workers to the move to the uk after brexit, but those from the eu shouldn't get preference. the impacts of migration depend on things like the skill of the migrants, but not fundamentally on their nationality. and so we don't think there should be a preference for eu citizens over non—eu citizens. the eu's chief brexit negotiator promises "improved" proposals on the irish border issue, and says customs checks could be held away from the border. the reservists who died during an sas march in the brecon beacons, two officers in charge of safety are cleared of negligence. a jury says a bus driver in his 70's who crashed into a shop caused the deaths of two people by dangerous driving. bad news for england cricket star ben stokes, he and alex hales are charged with bringing the game into disrepute after the brawl outside a bristol nightclub last year. stokes was cleared of affray
8:01 pm
at a trial last month, while hales, who was present at the incident, was never charged. stand in the middle? and the may of honour, a wedding photographer captures the moment the prime minister stopped for a snap with a bride and groom. good evening, welcome to bbc news. the government has been told that it should be made easier for highly—skilled workers from around the world to come to the uk after brexit. the migration advisory committee says the cap on skilled workers shoud be lifted. the government's also been told, by its own advisers, that eu workers should not get
8:02 pm
preferential treatment unless that forms part of the brexit deal. here's our economics editor kamal ahmed. east london making clothes and a factory that is 85% staffed by eu migrants. what are you bringing over to here? for chief executive, jennifer hollowaym, any chance to that could cause real headaches. they are the ones that are already skilled. they are absolute masters at their profession. if eu workers weren't available to us, i tink the adult education budget, which has had lots of reductions could be increased, so we could take more people off the unemployment register and give them the skills required. today's migration report says eu migrants have boosted the uk economy, paying more in taxes than they receive in public services. any negative effect on wages has been small, but house prices have been pushed up slightly. a higher population means more demand. leeds, and the view from the market.
8:03 pm
concern about immigration has fallen since the brexit referendum. there are a lot of people coming out of education, and they are a bit worried about the job prospects because there might be more competition. if there is a doctor in nigeria, and he can't get in, and if he is good enough and can bring something to the nhs in britain, let him in. i'm all for that. as long as they don't bring in butchers, i'm happy with that. they are not taking myjob. so what are the big ideas on immigration in this report? first, end free movement for eu workers. second, no preferential access for eu citizens over workers form other parts of the world once the uk leaves the eu. the report says that position could change, if immigration becomes part of the eu negotiations. third, high skilled immigration should be encouraged, and low skilled workers discouraged, apart from in the agriculture sector such as fruit picking.
8:04 pm
to all those that say that the free movement of eu workers into the uk has been good for the british economy, you are saying that is not true, that free movement should stop. the problem with free movement is that you don't have control over the number of migrants and you don't have control on the mix of migrants, so we think that if migration is managed there is a way in which it can accentuate the benefits and mitigate the costs. taking control of our borders, that was the message from the prime minister following brexit, and with this report backing that position, the critics are already lining up. i think this report is a missed opportunity. any decision by the government to reduce immigration at the expense of economic growth will be damaging to london, and damaging to our country. the economics of immigration versus the politics and support for more restrictions. when i spoke to unite members
8:05 pm
after the brexit vote, it was very clear that migration was one of, if not the key issue why they voted to leave the eu. so from their perspective, the announcement that there is going to be a much more measured approach to migration will be warmly welcomed. how high will the levels of control will be once the uk leaves the eu? we will know the answer to that when the government announces its new long—awaited immigration policy in the next few weeks. we will talk more about the migration issue in a moment. the eu's chief bexit negotiator, michel barnier, says work is ongoing one or two lines coming out of it with particular reference to what will happen in austria next month, the big eu summit insult bird. he says that eu leaders meeting in
8:06 pm
october will be the moment of truth, a line he has referred to in the last few moments. he says in october, we will see if the brexit agreement is within reach. he has also been talking about the irish border issue, saying the work is ongoing to improve the backstop proposal as it is known, covering the northern ireland border after the northern ireland border after the uk leads the eu. he added that discussions will focus on technical checks and controls, rather than the border itself. work on the site is ongoing. we are clarifying which goodsin ongoing. we are clarifying which goods in northern ireland from the rest of the uk, need to be checked and where, when these checks can be performed. we can also clarified that most checks can take place away from the border. we need digit ——
8:07 pm
the dramatized the checks that are needed, these checks are caused by the uk's decision to leave the eu. its single market, and the customs union. what we needed the agreement is legally operational backstop, which respects the territory of the uk. this backstop will on apply u nless uk. this backstop will on apply unless a better solution is found in the context of our future relationship. michel barnier speaking in the last few moments. our political correspondent leila nathoo is at westminster for us this evening. how likely is it that the government will take this advice on board? it was a government commissioned study, the migration advisory committee was supposed to come up with a report that will would inform the post brexit immigration status g, and the government said they will
8:08 pm
content —— consider their findings. but you must render the context of the report is that they are assuming that the eu migration is an independent access, so they assume a unilateral in dutch immigration policy after brexit, and they are assuming that migration from the eu does not form part of the brexit negotiations. so actually, the prime minister has left the door open to using the numbers of eu migrants coming to the uk after brexit as a negotiating tool. so this report is a stand—alone report, but if the numbers of migrants i will be allowed to come from the eu to the uk after brexit is part of negotiations, actually the final strategy will end up looking quite different than what they recommend. and what about michel barnier? we saw a little burst of him and on to 90, saw a little burst of him and on to go, is he saying anything significant this evening?” go, is he saying anything significant this evening? i think some of what he said was quite
8:09 pm
significant, because remember, the issue of the northern irish border and what will happen and that after brexit has been the key matter that has been holding of negotiations, and every time we have heard an update from michel barnier, it has been making good progress on certain fronts, but the border with the issue. he said we are ready to improve this proposal, so both —— both the eu and the uk have come up with their independent proposals for the so—called backstop arrangement, an insurance policy of what will happen between the northern irish and the republic border after brexit in the event that no other deal is reached. and theresa may has said repeatedly that the eu's proposals for will the backstop have not been spent —— acceptable so far, because they keep northern ireland in the cinemark and customs union, and therefore create a gulf between the northern ireland situation and the rest of the uk, effectively putting a border in the middle of the sea.
8:10 pm
she has rejected that, so i think michel barnier is saying that we are ready to improve this proposal, talking about text taking away from the border seems to me a bit of a shift. whether... is going to be enough to smooth out divisions, we will have to wait and see. certainly the idea of checks taking place away from the border was part of an alternative proposal put forward by brexit supporting conservative mps as an alternative to the government's plan. i'm sure this will be music to their eight years, to think that michel barnier and eu have somewhat moved on the side. but it seems to me that there is some optimism from michel barnier about the negotiations that october, although he said this will be the crunch point, as to whether that deal will be reached. but remember, we have the eu leaders meeting tomorrow insult bird, theresa may will have her last chance before
8:11 pm
that summit to really pitch her version of the brexit agreement to those eu leaders in person. so i think tomorrow will be crucial, and i think michelle... thank you very much. and at 8:30pm, we'll be speaking tojonathan portes from uk in a changing europe, and georgina wright from the europe programme at the international affairs thinktank, chatham house. we'll also be continuing the debate tomorrow morning on bbc news. we're giving you the opportunity to ask the experts any burning questions you may have about the uk's future outside the eu. joining us at 11:30am is professor anand menon from the uk in a changing europe, and jill rutter from the institute for government. to take part, you can text your questions to 61124, email to, or tweet using the hashtag #bbcaskthis.
8:12 pm
and we'll find out how this story and many others are covered in tomorrow's front pages at 10:1i0pm this evening in the papers. our guestsjoining me tonight are john rentoul, chief political commentator for the independent and political strategist jo tanner. two sas servicemen have been acquitted of negligence following the deaths of three reservists during a selection march in the brecon beacons five years ago. craig roberts, james dunsby, and edward mayher died after being taken ill on the i6—mile march on one of the hottest days of the year. the judge said the two men from the sas, who were safety officers, had no case to answer. duncan kennedy reports. this is the gruelling route that shows the unforgiving terrain of brecon beacons. the testing ground for the sas. injuly 2013, lance corporal craig roberts, trooper edward maher
8:13 pm
and corporaljames dunsby collapsed on the march and died from heat stroke and organ failure. the two military organisers, known to the court as ia and ib, were charged with negligence. but today, the judge stopped the court martial and ordered that the two men be found not guilty. he said they were not negligent as individuals, that the real fault lay with what he called the systematic failures of the military authorities to train the men properly. the families of the men who died said the mod failed in its duty. there is still no official guidance for those conducting endurance marches in the british army on heat illness even five years on. this is beyond unacceptable. and shows blatant ignorance to a vital need, where apparently three deaths are not enough.
8:14 pm
this was one of the scenes on the day of the incident. the three men had set off on the is—mile march carrying 50lb backpacks and gps trackers. near the end of the exercise, craig roberts collapsed. edward maher also succumbed to the 30 degree temparatures. whilst james dunsby was found on the final leg of march. the mod is immune from prosecution. in a statement it said: "the safety and well being of our personnel remains our top priority and following the tragic events we have made a number of change, particularly in relation to heat stress and training, to ensure an incident like this does not happen again." the three men had pushed themselves to their limits to try and join the sas. they died in the pursuit of their dream, not because of the faults of individuals who were there, but because of a series of fatal shortcomings by the military authorities. duncan kennedy, bbc news.
8:15 pm
a jury has found that a bus driver caused the deaths of two people by dangerous driving in coventry. kailash chander, who's now 80 and has dementia, was unable to stand trial. he lost control of his bus in october 2015, smashing into a supermarket, killing a seven—year—old boy and a woman in her 70s. ben ando reports. 12 seconds of terror. that is how long this double decker bus careered down a shopping street on a busy saturday in coventry, before smashing into the front of a sainsbury‘s supermarket. tests showed the driver had his foot on the accelerator the whole time. at the wheel was kailash chander. aged 77, he had worked a double shift that day and worked 75 hours or more in each of the three previous weeks. pedestrian dora hancocks, aged 76, was run over and killed, while seven—year—old rowan fitzgerald was upstairs and died in the impact.
8:16 pm
i thought i was going to die. if you imagine yourself, you are in a bus out of control, it is hitting everything. casper was on the lower deck. you think, that's the end of me. you are in a restricted area, you have nowhere to run to. it is going to smash, that's it. kailash chander is a former mayor of lemington, but he has been warned about his driving before the tragedy. his bosses were so worried they sent one of their driver trainers undercover to observe his driving. his report makes for shocking reading. he found the bus was frequently speeding, that every bus stop was overshot, and on one occasion he pulled away with a passenger onlyjust on the platform and the bus doors still open. in a statement, rowan‘s family said: "we don't want the reasons why rowan and dora died to be forgotten.
8:17 pm
we want to see something positive coem from this and at this time we feel this will only come from a change in law on bus drivers' age and hours of work. this would prevent anyone having to go through what we have gone through, over the last three years." the bus operator midland red, part of stagecoach, will be sentenced later after admitting health and safety breaches. kailash chander will never drive the bus again, though many will wonder why he was driving on that day at all. the headlines on bbc news. make it easier for highly—skilled workers to move to the uk after brexit, the recommendation of a report for government. the eu's chief brexit negotiator michel barnier says they're working on "improved" proposals on the irish border issue, and says many customs checks could be held away from the border. two sas members are acquitted of negligence over the deaths of three reservists in the brecon beacons. sport now, and for a full round up,
8:18 pm
from the bbc sport centre, here's sarah mulkerrins. let's start with the champions league, where inter stunned tottenham to clinch a 2—1 win on their return to the competition after a seven—year absence. christian eriksen had put spurs ahead early in the second half and they looked comfortable, but the home side hit back late on. ben croucher was watching this one. welcome to the disneyland of football, a description given by the enter code. but this was not paris, but built —— but in the land, and no goofing around. the first chance, harry kane, he of golden boot fan —— fame, look like he had cold feet. if colletti was livid before the break, you might bet she might have enjoyed
8:19 pm
what followed it. christian eriksen gotta second chance, they are doing nothing could deflect attention from the spurs's confident display. emphasis on the most during the 85th minute, marki emphasis on the most during the 85th minute, mark i did this. a gulf that to win any game. it didn't win this one. two minutes and the stopping time, and late late show by totte n ha m. time, and late late show by tottenham. a fairy tale start to their campaign. ben crutcher, bbc news. well in the other game in group b, lionel messi scored a hat—trick in barcelona's 4—0 win at home against psv eindhoven. that brings them to 103 goals in the competition, more than psp as an entire team or their champions league live. early days in the competition, but barcelona also enjoying things, their top of that group. well liverpool against
8:20 pm
paris st—germain is the big tie of these the later fixtures now all under way. currently goalless at anfield. roberto firmino is on the bench, daniel sturridge started along with mohamed salah and sadio mane up front. neymar, edison cavani and kylian mbappe all on the pitch for psg. we will keep you updated across the bbc. england cricketers ben stokes and alex hales have been charged with bringing the game into disrepute, in connection with an incident outside a nightclub last year. stokes was cleared of affray after a trial in august. the all—rounder missed the ashes tour in australia last winter and now along with team—mate alex hales, who faced no criminal charges, but was with stokes at the time, will face a disciplinary hearing in december. the world anti—doping vice—president
8:21 pm
linda helleland says she will vote against lifting the suspension of russia's anti—doping agency. wada's executive committee meet on thursday week where they're expected to pave the way for russia's readmission into international sport after a major doping scandal. but helleland says she will not back that move. in a separate development, international anti—doping leaders from australia, the uk, the usa, and japan are among a host countries who issued a statement urging wada not to back down. england have appointed a new defensive coach, new zealanderjohn mitchell will take over until after the world cup injapan next year. mitchell was part of sir clive woodward's coaching team between 1997—2000. he will leave his executive of rugby role at the south african super rugby side, the bulls, tojoin the england set up later this month.
8:22 pm
that's all the sport for now. it is still goalless between liverpool and bsd. i'll have more for you in sportsday at 10:30pm. vince cable appealed at the disillusioned labour and conservative supporters to join the lib dems, and made it clear that he wa nted lib dems, and made it clear that he wanted britain to remain in the european union. our political correspondent ben wright was watching and sent us. hey, hey, theresa may! give us all a final say! this is a party that believes brexit can be stopped. but it's also a party looking for fresh purpose and soon, a new leader after sir vince cable said he would stand down before the next election. he's a lame duck leader now, isn't he? hardly a lame duck, he's not set a specific time, he's said he's got a number of tasks.
8:23 pm
and one task above all... brexit is not inevitable. it can and it must be stopped. the lib dems want a second referendum on the brexit deal and sir vince urged the prime minister to follow their example. instead of kowtowing to her enemies in the conservative party, she could lead her party and the country by opening her mind to a people's vote on the final deal. it's not clear how the lib dems would engineer a second referendum but sir vince was scathing about the tories... boris and donald, the terrible twins of the raving right. before swivelling his sights on true labour's leader. ifjeremy corbyn will not say, i will support a people's vote and i will fight brexit, labour members should wave him goodbye. his party hoped for a surge in support following the brexit vote, but it didn't happen. now, vince cable says he wants it to become the home for voters
8:24 pm
he describes as moderate and perhaps allow non—mps to become its leader. there are millions who can see that the two main parties have been hijacked by those who want to turn their backs on the modern, interconnected world. together, we can and we will win. he is putting in new reforms, which will really make it an exciting party. i think we're doing well, but i think we can do a lot better. we are a liberal country and yet the lib dems are not seen as being the people that you naturally go to, but we will be. and that's the challenge? i hope so. but it will be a new generation in charge. ben wright, bbc news, brighton. the trade war between the united states and china has intensified, with beijing imposing tariffs on $60 billion worth of us imports.
8:25 pm
it's in response to president trump's decision to levy further tariffs on chinese goods. karishma vaswani is in tiangin in china and has this report. this is how china has become rich over the last four decades. making everything from toys to circuit boards for the rest of the world. and one of its biggest customers, the united states. but now, almost half of everything china makes and sells to the us will be covered under the latest tariffs. president trump says this is his way of levelling the playing field. it should have been done many years ago, it should have been done by other presidents. and actually, it is a disgrace that it wasn't done. but american companies also manufacture products in china. and in a nod to their concerns, things like smart watches and bluetooth equipment have been left off trump's tariff list. in return, china said it has no choice but to defend itself. translation: china has to retaliate
8:26 pm
against us measures, to firmly defend our rights and interests and safeguard the global free trade order. china's growing middle classes are a big market for american products, that is what has kept us businesses in china. that is what they are worried about losing because of this trade war. and for china, it is the future at stake. it was moving away from the old model of growth into high—tech industries. but these trade tensions could hurt china's ability to get the technologies it needs. ultimately though, that would hurt america also. someone said, it is like a husband and wife, you can quarrel, but you cannot divorce, because you have children. all your babies, the multinationals in both countries, investment being settled there for decades. when two giants crash, the rest of us are caught in the middle. the bigger damage this trade war could do is to the global economy
8:27 pm
and business confidence at a time when the world could do with more certainty, not less. let's go to the us and speak to our business reporter, samira hussain in new york, what's the reaction been? so what makes this different is just the amount of tariffs that have been levied on these chinese goods. but none of this was actually really any surprise. this was a long time coming, and part of the reason why we are seeing the white house levying these kinds of tariffs on chinese products is because it really wa nts chinese products is because it really wants china to change its trade practises. there have been a lot of issues between the two countries in terms of how trade is conducted, and with the us wants to see his china make some changes. now
8:28 pm
they have not been very forthcoming in the discussions, and they haven't been making any of those changes. so what the white house has said is that they will take the political risk and economic risks, and they will impose these really heavy ta riffs will impose these really heavy tariffs in a way to try to squeeze china to get them to make some of those changes that the united states wa nts to those changes that the united states wants to see. and the wider impact here, is the rest of the world inevitably being slowly dragged into all this? what makes these tariffs different is that when you look at the actual products that are being targeted, we heard about tariffs that were implemented earlier on this year, and those were not consumer products. but this time, we are seeing that consumer products are seeing that consumer products are being impacted, so that means the actual american consumer is going to be hurt eventually. and the same thing will happen in china. grammar, china's economy is going through a bit of a slowdown right
8:29 pm
now, and that is why the us is trying to put these tariffs on now, so trying to put these tariffs on now, so that the will feel the burn. in terms of the wider global impact, any sort of slowdown in the chinese economy or american economy will certainly have a ripple effect around the world, and it comes out as i'm —— that's a bash at a time when there is a lot of global uncertainty, so this makes people less confident. thank you very much. now it's time for a look at the weather with chris fawkes. hello there. we've got some very strong winds heading into the united kingdom for wednesday. before we get there, there are outbreaks of rain for northern ireland and scotland overnight, and a narrowing band of rain pushing eastward across england. temperatures into the double figures, but the arrival of rain into northern ireland by the end of the night is the first signs of storm ali on our doorstep. and ali will bring some very strong winds, the met office wind warning in force for northern ireland, central
8:30 pm
and southern parts of scotland. we are talking about damaging gusts of wind through the morning time for northern ireland, and then moving on to the late morning into the middle parts of the date for scotland. the winds are certainly strong enough to bring down some trees, so there's the prospect of some transport disruption. there will be speed limits on the bridges, and there will be heavy rain to contend with, as well. now temperatures will be struggling in that area of cloud, wind, and rain. further south across england and wales, we get a narrow band of rain pushing its way eastwards, some downpours on that, but still quite warm towards the southeast. that's your weather. hello, this is bbc news. the headlines. an official report says it should be made easier for highly—skilled workers from abroad to the move to the uk after brexit. the eu is ready to improve its so—called northern ireland brexit backstop proposal, according to its chief negotiator michel barnier — he says many customs checks can be held away from the irish border.
8:31 pm
two servicemen overseeing an sas selection march in the brecon beacons, in which three reservists died, have been acquitted of negligence. a bus driver in his 70s who lost control of his vehicle in coventry did cause the deaths of two people by dangerous driving says a jury. the england and wales cricket board has charged ben stokes and alex hales with bringing the game into disrepute in connection with a brawl outside a bristol nightclub last year. coming up at 8:16, i'll be talking to catrin pugh — given a one in 1,000 chance of survival after being badly burned in a coach crash five years ago. now she's a charity campaigner and gracing the catwalk at london fashion week. more now on our top story — a report released today by the independent migration advisory committee says the government will not give eu workers preferential treatment over visas — unless that forms part of the brexit deal.
8:32 pm
since the eu referendum, the number of people coming to the uk from eastern europe has fallen sharply, and in the first three months of this year more of them left the uk than arrived. the bbc‘s steph mcgovern has been speaking to polish migrants here in the uk and in warsaw to find out why so many are choosing to move back. warsaw, the polish capital, with a booming economy and wages growing 7% this year there are lots of things to tempt back the 1 million poles living in the uk. there are lots of industries doing well here, so your traditional ones like manufacturing and agriculture, but also things like financial services and tech companies also. i'm off to meet olivia who's just moved back here from the uk. i see the change, i see the new buildings, restaurants, shops. did you ever consider staying in the uk?
8:33 pm
yes, i spent one year there and i love london, it's a beautiful city. i was considering, but still i think thatjob opportunities here for me are better in warsaw. now, since the referendum the number of people coming to the uk from poland has fallen fast. in fact, in the first three months of this year more people left the uk than arrived, and it's the first time we have seen that happen since poland joined the eu. unemployment in poland is at a record low, in fact there are a lot ofjob vacancies, so the government is trying to encourage more people to come back here. they are offering lots of incentives. things like benefits for young families. back in the uk, coventry has been twinned with warsaw since 1957, so what do the polish people here think about going back?
8:34 pm
i already discussed it with my husband and my friends and we just decided to stay here because we've got everything here. we've got our life, our house, good friends here. have any of you ever thought about going back to poland? well, yes. first of all after the brexit result. when my sister came to the uk, we went to the restaurant and some guyjust popped in and asked us to speak in english because we are in england. that must make you feel like so frustrated and upset. i think it makes us feel unneeded and unwanted in this country, that's why we are thinking about other options. what are your thoughts on how poland is doing now? the economy is developing, but i think the quality of life is not improving as fast as the economy, and maybe salaries are a little bit better, but still much lower than other european countries.
8:35 pm
there are lots of polish people who seek great opportunities here. matthew works at one of the region's engineering companies. the coventry area has a very rich history in terms of automotive design, engineering, research and development. do you think you have more opportunities here than you would have in poland for what you want to do? i wouldn't be able to do the same things back in poland as i do here. for the polish migrants who made a life in the uk, there's clearly a pull in both directions as the country left behind has seen an economic transformation. opportunities and wages are growing, but there is still a lot of catching up to do, and with a polish right—wing government, some migrants here feel that going back is still not an option. joining me isjonathan portes, a senior fellow at uk in a changing europe — and professor of economics at king 5 college, london.
8:36 pm
he wrote a paper which contributed to the migration advisory committee report. and also with us in the studio is georgina wright, a research associate from the europe programme at the international affairs thinktank, chatham house. welcome to both of you. georgina, a word about concerns, fears, hopes within the wider eu about what might emerge from the uk post brexit on this. what sort of things are you hearing people say? it has been really interesting to track eu press coverage about the report. i think there are three key messages. one, freedom of movement is going to end, so the workers will not be able to access the uk labour market on the same terms as they have today. second, key take away if it does not actually impact eu citizens living in the uk right now and vice versa so this is very much the future. so what the uk's integration system will look like after the uk has left
8:37 pm
the eu. and thirdly, there was some report about how is the european commission going to react to this? when they talk about the future trade negotiations, is immigration going to become one of those bargaining chips or not? those are the three messages. bargaining chips or not? those are the three messageslj bargaining chips or not? those are the three messages. i will come back to that bargaining chip id in a moment. jonathan, if you were to write headlines today what with baby? i think the key thing is the analysis. this is the most comprehensive set of research and evidence on the impact of immigration in the uk we have ever seen. it basically tells us what you can't miss i think have always known, but it's giving us a lot more detail. —— what economists have always known. immigration is good for the economy, not only does it have a negative impact on wages but crucially this is what my report says but also to other reports, immigration actually boost productivity. there have been fears immigration perhaps might be pushing him productivity because businesses don't have incentives to invest. what my research and other research
8:38 pm
found is overall at least immigration boost productivity and the other crucial aspect, immigration is good for the public finances. it is a really striking figure. the report looks at the cohort of immigrants who arrived in the uk in 2016, both from europe and father —— further afield and not their immediate impact but what the expected impact over the lifetimes of those people in the uk was ma found they would make a net contribution of £25 billion, about £400 for each of us. that is quite a lot of money. it is an economic impact as you point out. there'll be those who look at and say what about the social impact of high levels of migration, especially in places where not many migrants have been before? interestingly, the migration we nt before? interestingly, the migration went beyond the economic and look at that too. the evidence here it is fairto that too. the evidence here it is fair to say that too. the evidence here it is fairto say is that too. the evidence here it is fair to say is a bit sketchier, but looking at areas which have had
8:39 pm
higher levels of immigration or have had recent increase in immigration, again the research found there was not any negative impact really. people were just as happy with their lives, just as happy with the quality of that light in their local communities as they were before. this means to be a bit of a mixed. why did they vote to leave the eu? because that was supposed to be one of the main reasons it happening? that is slightly beyond my competence. i would that is slightly beyond my competence. iwould pass that is slightly beyond my competence. i would pass that over to you. i do not want to go down a cul—de—sac but it's the thought that crossed my mind as you said. you talked about the negotiation to this because we have a blueprint here that basically says everybody in the future, whether they are from eu countries were not should be treated in exactly the same way. but that might be as you hint, part of a negotiation that is still to come. yes, i think the eu is under no illusion not the uk government from the very beginning said freedom of
8:40 pm
movement has to stop. it is a salient issue, the uk public has about this and they say they need change so one of the reasons that pushed the brexit vote, not the only but it was an important issue. sure, there are lots of questions around how the eu will react to that, but i think what you hear from brussels how the eu will react to that, but i think what you hearfrom brussels is basically if the uk want to access our market on the same terms as you do today you are going to have to accept freedom of movement. if you don't want to accept freedom of movement and we venture into a new form of partnership, then we can start talking about visa facilitation, greater access for certain workers, were not, but as a compromise you will have less access to our market so it is all about what is going to be the most salient issue. i think there are other concerns that really topped that list of priorities at the moment. pick up that certain workers point because one of the things in here is about people with high skills as they are deemed and people who have
8:41 pm
less skills were fewer skills i should say. explain that and how that might pan out. the report concludes that again this probably of course is whether most economists think in common sense that on the whole higher skilled workers are more beneficial to the uk economy than lower skilled workers and any syste m than lower skilled workers and any system post brexit should have a greater dude bashed greater degree of preference for high skilled workers. they say the cat which theresa may — — workers. they say the cat which theresa may —— cap that theresa may imposed on height of workers coming from outside the eu which led to real problems for the nhs was nonsense and should be scrapped and i think that is obviously sensible. but more probably, i think where some businesses will have concerns with this report is it says there should be no avenue for low skilled workers at all after brexit, except perhaps in the agricultural work and some sectors would be pretty concerned about that. you mentioned the agriculture sector and you might think of those who come to pick fruit in the summer, but there's also the hospitality sector which might also have concerns about that
8:42 pm
also. absolutely, and also social care. all of this is a negotiation. we're talking about the uk, eu negotiation going forward. this is a great report and its really copperheads of, provides a government with lots of expertise to really think through what policy proposals it will put forward, but then how much access eu workers and low skilled workers will get is all a matter for what negotiations coming forward. lin social care is really blooming. social care is really blooming. social care is really booming. the report says we should not have a scheme for social ca re should not have a scheme for social care after brexit and the government should just start funding social ca re should just start funding social care properly and stop cutting it and reducing resources but if that doesn't happen is still a problem. you are dismissive of the numbers game to an extent a number of —— a moment ago. 0 equation the tens of thousands figure would have been much cited by the conservative government, notjust during this parliament the previous ones, is that now pushed well aside? is not
8:43 pm
politically? it is still there, isn't it? i think the report has done a good job of this guide —— how old emigration has contributed to the uk economy and impacted productivity. i think the key is in politicians hands. they will have to speak to their constituents, explain what the government's policy is, how it will impact them and we will see how that evolves. 0k. it will impact them and we will see how that evolves. ok. we could talk at greater length but we are not allowed to. thank you both very much. injust over six months time, the uk will leave the european union. all this week bbc news is answering some of the most common questions that are being asked about brexit and its impact. one of them is what brexit could mean for england, wales, scotland and northern ireland — for the union as a whole. our scotland editor sarah smith has this assessment. will problems with the irish border...? how we'll trade work after brexit? what will brexit mean for the union? the brexit vote showed scotland
8:44 pm
really is a different country, with a very different political outlook. that was demonstrated very clearly, when 62% of scots voted to remain in the eu. to remain in the eu, with 38% wanting to leave. some hope, others feared that scotland being taken out of that you against its will would lead more scots to think it's time to leave the uk. nicola sturgeon certainly thought so. last year here at her official residence in edinburgh she announced plans for a second referendum on scottish independence. what scotland deserves... a vote which she wanted to take place before the europe —— uk left the eu, but westminster said no and scotland didn't seem very keen. just three months later at the general election the snp lost 21 seats, the anti—referendum tories gained 12, the message was pretty clear. ironically, brexit is actually going to make of the scottish parliament
8:45 pm
considerably more powerful. once we leave the eu, many of the powers currently exercised in brussels over things like agriculture and the environment will come directly here to holyrood. but not everything that the scottish government thinks should be devolved will come straight to edinburgh. there has been a bitter battle over control, and that's why msps would not approve the eu withdrawal bill. when the scottish parliament voted in may to refuse to give its consent to the eu withdrawal bill, westminster decided to ignore it and impose the bill anyway. that's the first time that has happened in nearly 20 years of devolution. this may sound like an obscure procedural argument, but it could have profound constitutional consequences. if or when there is another referendum on scottish independence, this will be used as an example of why the scottish parliament needs complete control of its own affairs. nicola sturgeon will update us on her plans for another independence referendum next month.
8:46 pm
if she was expecting brexit to create a surge in support for independence, she'll have been disappointed — opinion polls have hardly moved. but already the process of leaving the eu has severely strained relations between edinburgh and london, and may yet test the ties that bind of the united kingdom. and we'll have more key brexit questions coming up throughout the week — and you can watch the series so far on the bbc iplayer — just click on the news category. the headlines on bbc news: make it easier for highly—skilled workers to move to the uk after brexit — the recommendation of a report for government. the eu's chief brexit negotiator promises "improved" proposals on the irish border issue — and says customs checks could be held away from the border. two sas members are acquitted of negligence over the deaths of 3 reservists in the brecon beacons. as we heard earlier this hour,
8:47 pm
the trade war between the united states and china has ratcheted up once again with both countries announcing new tariffs on each other‘s goods. last night, donald trump announced new tariffs on $200 billion worth of chinese products, saying bejing had been unwilling to change unfair trade practices. the new duties will apply to 6,000 chinese goods — including suitcases, textiles and some food products. today, beijing responded with duties on $60 billion worth of us exports to china. well this is the third time president trump has slapped tariffs on china this year. injuly the white house increased charges on $34 billion worth of chinese products; while a second round of tariffs last month saw a 25% tax imposed on $16 billion worth of imports. now we can go live to wesminster
8:48 pm
where we joined by author of the great economists, linda yueh. good evening. welcome. good evening. how does all of this look to you? worrying. what we have now are taxes on the equivalent of 2% of world trade, and that is just from the us side. if you add on with the chinese have done we are talking about and impact of around 3% world trade, and this is not the end of it. the president trump has said he will put eight tariff on all chinese imports into the united states, that is half $1 trillion worth, if a trade deal is not negotiated i next year. we know how long trade deals take. we talk a lot about brexit, having one done by next year is probably a tad on the optimistic side. right combo but if he goes further presumably
8:49 pm
the chinese will retaliate once again —— if he goes further. the chinese will retaliate once again -- if he goes further. exactly and if you look at the way of the chinese are responding doing in a very measured, tit—for—tat way. they're making very measured, tit—for—tat way. they‘ re making it very measured, tit—for—tat way. they're making it clear they have to retaliate so if america imposes ta riffs retaliate so if america imposes tariffs on half of what it buys from china, china imposes tariffs on half of what advisor in america because china imports around $130 billion worth of america last year, 60 billion is close to half. the challenge is going to be what if this escalates further? are we really going to see a situation in which not only are there tax on what's treated around the world, which will raise prices for consumers, not only in those countries but also elsewhere because we are all connected, but will there also be damaged in positions of restrictions on supply chains? for instance, limiting us investment in china, or china's chinese firms not
8:50 pm
being able to invest in the us has already seen big companies being affected, and that also means jobs. the real escalation i think is on the investment side, because unlike terrorists which can be decided today and changed tomorrow —— unlike tariffs, once a company changes in investment decision that is going to be very difficult to change back. you hinted at this a moment ago, but if you are a british consumer you'll start to see the effects of this?” think you will. roughly speaking, about 3% of world trade in goods is now affected, these are substantial tariffs. 10%, the chinese are levying between 5—10%, so think about every component in something that you might buy. say a smartphone going up by 5—10%, and it may go up to 25%, which is how high the earlier tariffs were. that is going
8:51 pm
to mean the two countries in the world that have the ability to affect global prices because of how big they are, the united states and china, they're what we economists call price makers, not price takers, then all of us here if we buy something and we buy plenty of things from china, and from the united states, the prices of those things are likely to rise, and this is why ultimately trade wars are very damaging for consumers and for companies. in the hope is that the two sides can get together, they are in about the fifth round of talks now, about opening up china's market further. where i think we will all have to really watch closely is how much of that de—escalation will happen soon enough that our pocketbooks are not hit first. i'm a little bit worried this christmas is looking a little more expensive.” sensed you might be but i was also interested about what you said about
8:52 pm
this round of talks going on because we hear a lot in the headlines about the tough talking and the tariffs and the taxes. we hear less about what's going on behind the scenes to try and reverse all of that. and you will say there's quite a lot going on behind the scenes? yes, there is a lot going on. there has been about four rounds of trade talks happening very quietly behind the scenes between the treasury secretary of the united states who is a former investment banker, and his chinese counterparts, both on the commerce side and also the hope is that he can geta side and also the hope is that he can get a conversation going with the vice premier who is the top economic official. so far these rounds of talks have not resulted in any breakthroughs, but they're talking about the kinds of things that can resolve this trade dispute. for instance, the main complaint the united states has is china's markets are not as open as american market and that part is true. it's actually in china's interest to open the markets more to competition, it
8:53 pm
would help growth. there were signs earlier this year that china was willing to open up its financial services sector, but this has stalled because the other part of the american complaint around intellectual property rights theft, thatis intellectual property rights theft, that is something china has problems with dealing internally. that is about h dude —— judiciary not being able to enforce, is about a poor local —— legal systems i think the hidden impact of something that they really cannot resolve. what i hope they can do in this next round, which is now being brokered by the way by private companies such as blackstone, who is negotiating this latest round of talks between china and the us in hopes that china can open up its market, allow america to sell more services, which is 80% in the us economy just like sell more services, which is 80% in the us economyjust like the uk's economy, mostly services based, into china's growing middle class. that would improve the trade balance and thatis would improve the trade balance and that is a much better way of reducing a trade deficit. selling
8:54 pm
more, not making imports more expensive. good to have your thoughts, linda. london fashion week has ended today —— with designers and models breathing new life onto the runway. some designers have been breaking fashion week stereotypes by casting a diverse line—up of models. the portrait positive show featured women with facial disfigurements and conditions — one of the models was catrin pugh, who was given a one in 1,000 chance of survival after being badly burned in a coach crash. catrinjoins me now. welcome. thanks for having me. good to see you. tell me how this came about. how did you get involved in london fashion week? after my accident i was left with a lot of scarring toilet —— worked with many charities who help me and i now work with them at the champion and ambassador. this whole project has been supported by changing faces
8:55 pm
which is a charity supporting anyone who has any kind of visual difference on their body, and basically i got involved because the idea behind it was so fantastic. fashion unfortunately does sometimes have a narrow view of what beauty is, and the portrait positive campaign involved a top photographer taking photos, and stephen tsai at huge high designer coming together and eckstein and powerful women who look different and all of it was encompassed together in this show on sunday at london fashion week. it was amazing to see another sector of adversity that isn't out there just yet in fashion. how did it feel to be there? it was amazing. it was not something i thought i would be doing five years ago when i was laying in a hospital bed, i can tell you that. but it was amazing, and the is all about trying to increase inclusion. people like me, higher member when i had my scars i used to read
8:56 pm
magazines and it was all about perfection, and it sort of told you that scars or marks are not perfect, and so to be able to be in the media and so to be able to be in the media and a place of influence, and stand on stage with these people who are models and strong and get to do this everyday, it was fantastic. and the reaction in the audience? completely positive. i have not heard a negative comment. i think people enjoy seeing the diversity, because they want see something on someone that it might fit them that way or it might look that way on them, which itjust builds that feeling of inclusion. as a final brief thought, clearly against the headlines now it's about making the difference last longer. of courts and u nfortu nately last longer. of courts and unfortunately fashion is all about trends, but i certainly along with the other 50 models that were involved will be continuing to campaignfor involved will be continuing to campaign for this because diversity, race, at the city but also anyone
8:57 pm
that looks different with scars or marks were birthmarks —— ethnicity. i'll be campaigning and hopefully the support will continue. good to see you, catherine. thank you for coming in. let's check on the weather forecast now. of course all eyes are on the stormy speu of course all eyes are on the stormy spell of weather we have coming our way over the next day or two. it'll be quite turbulent, blustery weather to come, certainly for tomorrow, courtesy of the storm, you might‘ve heard about that. we have wet weather to follow on thursday that could also cause problems. first of all allie, here it is on the satellite picture. his area of cloud mark here. ali is passing beneath, 175 mph at the moment and as it passes through the northern side of the jets that passes through the northern side of thejets that is what passes through the northern side of the jets that is what starts to develop. that process is happening right now and that storm will deepen and intensify. before that arrived overnight we will have rain working through northern ireland and
8:58 pm
scotland, but a rain pushing eastward across england, south—westerly winds back beginning to pick up the tonight so not a cold night, temperatures between 11 and 60 degrees or so across the south. then wednesday morning we will start to see ali arrived. the tightest of the isobars on the southern and western flank of the storm system travelling right across the northern ireland into central and southern parts of scotland and it here were the met office have issued their amberwind warning. the met office have issued their amber wind warning. potentially troublesome water through wednesday morning with the strongest coming through northern ireland early in the morning. those wind gusts potentially in the most exposed locations, northern ireland and scotla nd locations, northern ireland and scotland could get 80 miles an hour orso, scotland could get 80 miles an hour or so, enough to bring down trees so expect transport disruption and the scottish bridges certainly running with speed restrictions if nothing else. heavy rain as well as all of that very blustery weather. further south the band of range eastwards across him and in wales, born across eastern england, gusty winds not for the north of wales and england to
8:59 pm
watch out for as well could bring a few tree branches down here as well. into thursday another area of low pressure will begin to develop off the atlantic. this one initially bringing heavy rain with it, so across wales and into cumbria we could be looking at 80—100 mm of rain over the hills, an awful lot of rain over the hills, an awful lot of rain so we could see low flying. when peers still quite —— still quite warm for england. monday through thursday night, gills across southern counties of england. friday and saturday quieter days weather—wise, many of us will have drier weather with sunny spells but quite chilly to start the day will stop sunday could see rain returned. that is your weather. hello, i'm ros atkins, this is outside source.
9:00 pm
a russian plane gets shot down in syria amidst an israeli attack, in the fog of war, moscow blames jerusalem translation: we see isreal's provocative actions as hostile. as a result of their actions, 15 russian service personnel personnel have perished. there's no doubt we're in the middle of a global trade war. the us and china have hit each other with tariffs on billions of dollars of goods. in the us, a man has been charged with the murder of a spanish golf champion, who was found dead on a golf course. and we'll be talking about the first paying customer for a trip around the moon, a japanese billionaire who's willing to pay elon musk‘s space x big money for the privilege.


info Stream Only

Uploaded by TV Archive on