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tv   BBC News  BBC News  September 19, 2018 8:00pm-9:01pm BST

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this is bbc news, i'm rebecca jones. the headlines at 8pm. the prime minister arrives in salzburg to present her brexit plan to eu leaders. she said the eu "will need to evolve its position" in order to make brexit a success. i believe this is the right proposal because it maintains frictionless trade. it's the only credible and negotiable plan on the table that delivers no hard border in northern ireland, and also delivers on the vote of the british people. two people have died as storm ali brings winds of up to 100 mph to ireland and parts of the uk. bbc news has learned that a review into maternity errors at shrewsbury and telford nhs trust is now examining more than 100 cases. the government announces plans to make an extra £2 billion available, to build more affordable social housing in england from 2022. and scooping up space junk.
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a british satellite, nearly 200 miles above earth, clears up tonnes of rubbish, using a giant net. a very good evening, and welcome to bbc news. european union leaders are meeting in salzburg where theresa may will try to get their support for her vision of brexit. we will go over to salt for now and join christian fraser. welcome to salzburg. tonight the eu needs, and it is an invaluable
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moment for theresa may to put her case a cross on what moment for theresa may to put her case a cross on what she wants from the brexit negotiation. she is looking to the october summit, which is just around the corner, and possibly another november summit, a special summit on brexit. not many opportunities now to get this deal over the line. we do sometimes obsessin over the line. we do sometimes obsess in britain about brexit, and it is vitally important to the uk, just as it is to the eu. but there one other issue which obsesses the eu leaders, and that is migration. you look at the problems between the european commission and hungary, or between italy and france, and that at the moment is seen through european eyes as the existential threat to the eu. so the bulk of a conversation this evening will be about migration. theresa may get just ten minutes over coffee to put her case across. and before the summitand she her case across. and before the summit and she arrives here and told her, she wrote a piece for the german newspaper in which she said that neither side should be making
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unacceptable demands of the other. so, just as britain now understands that it cannot have all the benefits of eu membership without being a member of the club, so the eu cannot make demands of the uk whereby there will be external border controls within british borders. so that is the standoff at the moment. the eu wa nts the standoff at the moment. the eu wants this backstop, this insurance policy that northern ireland would remain in the customs union in the worst—case scenario. remain in the customs union in the worst—case scenario. today it michel barnier put forward some technical solutions. we can have some checks and controls. he said that the british border is not to the satisfaction of the british government, and does what theresa may had to say on her way into dinner. i'm pleased to be here installed per, where we will be addressing a numberof per, where we will be addressing a number of issues for the future of europe. at dinner this evening, i will talk with fellow leaders about the proposal we have put on the
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table for our future relationship. i believe this is the right proposal because it maintains frictionless trade. it is the only credible and negotiable plan on the table that delivers no hard border in northern ireland, and also delivers on the vote of the british people. and if we are going to achieve a successful conclusion, just as the uk has evolved its position, that you will need to evolve its position, as well, but i'm confident that with goodwill and termination, we can agree a deal that is boat veteran for both parties. we will also talk about migration, and i will confirm that this is a challenge for us all, and the uk will remain clearly wanting to work with others to deal with the issue of illegal migration, and on the discussion tomorrow on internal security. i will be able to update my good fellow eu leaders on the investigation into the brazen and reckless use of chemical weapons in salisbury. two briefings on brexit. first of all, are you encouraged by michel barnier‘s
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suggested yesterday that perhaps it does not need to be a border on the northern daughter ireland, there can be in east— west movement with increased checks? sounds like a copper mines, is that positive for you? i welcome the fact that michel barnier is recognising the need to find a solution, because the original solution put forward by the european commission was unacceptable to us. we have always recognised that there are unique circumstances that there are unique circumstances that apply... but what we cannot acce pt that apply... but what we cannot accept is seeing northern ireland carved away from the united kingdom customs territory. because regardless of whether the tax would be, what that would mean is that it would be a challenge to our constitutional and economic integrity. already the dup in northern ireland, whose votes theresa may have —— depend on, has dismissed the michel barnier plan, which shows the difficulties theresa
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may has back on home. there have been warmer tones from european leaders in recent weeks, we have heard that from the man who is hosting the summit here in austria, the prime minister. he has had very positive things to say about how he wa nts to positive things to say about how he wants to move the negotiations in the right direction. and they have welcomed the chequers plan, that doesn't mean that the excepted, they only see as an opening position from the uk, and there are certainly some issues in it that they would very much disagree with notably, splitting goods from services. but they are going to certainly talk about that in the round tomorrow when they are just 27. they will also have to talk about what of political declaration there will be two go hand—in—hand with the ritual agreement. some months ago, the british side said it wanted quite a lot of detail in that, because they knew the other side of brexit, they will not have as much leverage as they have now. but the difficulty for theresa may is that if there is
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too much in it, it may alienate the brexiteers because they may see some of the sovereignty disappearing. if there is too little in it and the uk is kept at arms length, is product —— probable to have difficulty passing through the remainders. they must decide how much they put into this declaration, and how they can leave it as vague as possible to throat theresa may a lifeline ahead of her party conference in a week's time. on the way into the summit, donald tusk did talk about the chequers plan, but clearly he has reservations. some of prime minister's maze proposals from checkers indicate a revolution in the uk's case, as well as minimising the effect of brexit. by this i mean, among other things, they will still operate closely in the area of security and foreign—policy. 0n closely in the area of security and foreign—policy. on other issues, such as the irish question, or the
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framework for the economic corporations, the uk's proposals will need to be reworked cybele donald tusk speaking earlier. it did signal that there will be a special brexit summit in november, although they haven't set a date for that as yet. the talks incidentally will resume next week. no who will give a bit then? will be michel barnier or theresa may? and who is making the biggest pick clock this miscalculation? if they can't get off the positions they are at the moment, then surely we are heading for a standoff and perhaps another crisis. earlier i spoke with david herszenhorn, who's brussels correspondent with politico, and he said that neither michel barnier and theresa may are in a position to move just yet. this may be salzburg, the city of mozart, but they are not
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ready to face the music. that will have to wait until after the tory congress next month. so they have a deal in sight, but they must continue doing this dance. michel barnier's redlines matter more for the withdrawal agreement, the divorce treaty, but what matters more for theresa may and her redlines is the political declaration, which actually doesn't fully get negotiated until after brexit, after next march. so if they hold on tight and don't let their critics knock them off course, they may be on track for a deal. so today, michel barnier said maybe they can take some of the heat out of the northern ireland issue. in the worst—case scenario, what we could implement are some technical checks and controls between great britain and northern ireland. but a few months ago, they were saying the technical solutions were magical thinking. and now he seems to have moved onto the ground of the brexiteers. well, he likes magical thinking if it will somehow magically convince the uk to accept the eu's version of this backstop, which effectively keeps northern ireland under eu rules and in the customs union, and that would still happen. but he is describing in a way that hopefully goes down with a lot
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of sugar and feels a lot more like nothing dramatic is happening. that's the phrase he uses, de—dramatise. so if he use those technical quirks to convince everyone that it's not a big deal, and everyone agrees that we hope the backstop never gets used, then maybe they can get through this last stage and to the withdrawal treaty, and jump to the point that the uk really wants to be had, which is talking about the future. won't the brexiteers then say that we can't possibly have these external border controls within our own borders? why don't we just use those technical solutions between northern ireland and the republic? because you have the head of the bank of england warning of economic catastrophe if there is a no—deal brexit. you have the republic of ireland with its own view and concerns about what would happen and the fears that has if there is no backstop. i guarantee that nobody wants to see it used. so if you think about it, he's right, both sides really need a deal, both sides want a deal, what they're working towards is finding various ways to keep the critics quieted down until they can get to that moment in october or november, and altogether.
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—— slanted altogether. -- slanted altogether. of course the british government spent a lot of time over the summer touring europe, trying to get the leaders to see beyond the rules based negotiation that michel barnier has been leading. again there'll be an attempt tonight in this ten minute speech that theresa may makes to the other 27 leaders, that they have to find some compromise and move from there position. we will see perhaps tomorrow after the summit when we hear the press conferences, whether they have moved any, but don't hold your breath at the moment. we're not likely to see anything until october oi’ likely to see anything until october or november. just a word on migration, a few things are bubbling on what the european commission would like do. they are talking about bulking up the eu border force, increasing numbers to 10,000 to try and deal with some of the anxiety there is about migration. although it must be said that asylum applications in europe over the last
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yearfor applications in europe over the last year for 18 applications in europe over the last yearfor 18 months applications in europe over the last year for 18 months have applications in europe over the last yearfor 18 months have been falling. and to that end, what they're also at the tate —— advocating is a summit next year, with the league of arab states, donald tusk was in cairo last week, talks seem to go well. perhaps they will bring the arab states together and see if they can find some solutions to that migrant problem. but all sorts of issues to discuss within the round about migration, as well as a very sticky and thorny issue of brexit. back to you. good to talk to you, christian fraser there insults bird. —— in salzburg. and contnuing the discussion tomorrow on bbc news. we're giving you the opportunity to ask our europe editor, katya adler, any burning questions you may have about the uk's future outside the eu. that'll be at 5:20pm tomorrow afternoon. to take part, you can text your questions from 11am tomorrow morning to 611211, email to, or tweet using the hashtag #bbcaskthis.
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dozens of families have come forward in the past month and claimed that their babies died unnecessarily or suffered life changing injuries because of mistakes made at an nhs trust. the bbc has learned that a review into maternity errors at shrewsbury and telford nhs trust is now looking at what happened in more than 100 cases going back to the year 2000. the families have come forward after the bbc revealed last month that there were ongoing concerns about errors made by maternity staff at the trust. here's our social affairs correspondent, michael buchanan. two children born one year apart. two toddlers now finding their way in the world. two people whose parents fear might have been affected by maternity errors. he doesn't communicate, he doesn't talk, he doesn't walk. when his mother tracy
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was 28 weeks pregnant, a scan revealed a problem with his skull. but despite the known concern, staff encouraged her to have a natural birth. it didn't work, she needed an emergency caesarian. experts have repaired his skull and insisted it is not the cause of his delayed development. why did you let me try a natural birth when you knew that there was something wrong with his head ? it could have been a completely different story, you know, if you'd just took the time and said, "hold on a minute, we know there's problems, we won't take the risk and we will book you in for a caesarian", but they took that risk and i feel that he is to suffer. sofia—lily will soon turn two. she was born prematurely at 27 weeks and needed support to breathe. but a mistake was made inserting a feeding tube.
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sofia—lily needed to be resuscitated. the trust failed to tell her parents about the incident for days. so james and cecelia wonder if her delayed development is due to being born early or medical errors. she might not be here now, you know, if she hadn't have fought the way she did and put up a fight, she wouldn't, no, she would not have been here. we would have been looking at pictures of a baby and not a healthy, you know, running round crazy lunatic as she is, but, you know, we still don't know. we don't know the damage... that has been caused. the trust wouldn't comment on either family, but we have learned 104 cases are the subject of an independent review into maternity services here. more than 100 families alleging their child died or suffered harm due to mistakes. not every family will have been failed by this trust. it is sadly the case some babies die for reasons that are neither predictable nor preventable,
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but the sheer number of people coming forward suggests that for years, scores of families have been unhappy with the care they have received here. in a statement the trust said, "given the high profile of the independent review it is understandable that more families have come forward. it is important to remember that this review covers a period dating back some 20 years and that at this stage no conclusions have been reached about the care provided in any of these cases." but the problems aren't simply historical. today, the care quality commission raised concerns about the current maternity service. for those families who have long suspected the trust had made mistakes, it is little comfort that maternity problems remain. michael buchanan, bbc news. the headlines on bbc news. the prime minister arrives in salzburg to present her brexit plan to eu leaders, and says the eu needs to "evolve its position" to make a success of brexit.
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ireland and parts of the uk are battered by storm ali, leaving two people dead, including a woman who was blown off a cliff in a caravan in galway. bbc news has learned that a review into maternity errors at shrewsbury and telford nhs trust is now examining more than 100 cases. sport now, and for a full round up, from the bbc sport centre, here's sarah. it's the turn of the two manchester clubs this evening in the champions league. city are hosting lyon, while united are in switzerland taking on young boys. those among the 8pm kicks—offs. city, who have assisted on pipelines, it is goalless so far
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with 16 minutes gone. raheem sterling has looked lively. switzerland are goalless, playing on artificial surface. also in united's group, juventus with ronaldo are starting at valencia, real madrid hosting roma. both those games are goalless, the only goal so far in these kick—offs is for buyer and indic -- these kick—offs is for buyer and indic —— to earlier results, 3—0 winners in group d, and city's group, it was a 2—2 draw between structure and hoffenheim. middlesbrough can go second if they beat bolton. it is goalless so far. plenty of football action this evening, let's go to the women's super league. in the championship,
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middlesbrough can go second if they beat bolton. winless birmingham are away at sheffield utd. there are already two goals up thanks to jordan knobs there are already two goals up thanks tojordan knobs and bethany mead. we'll keep you updated on all the football here the bbc news channel, and of course on the website. ben stokes and alex hales have been included in england's one—day squad to tour sri lanka this autumn, after being charged by the ecb with bringing the game into disrepute. the pair face a disciplinary hearing in decemberfollowing an incident outside a bristol nightclub in 2017, and that hearing will take place between england's tours to sri lanka and west indies. this is the full squad, which includes warwickshire bowler 0lly stone. he's been given a first call—up, as a replacement for liam plunkett, who will miss the first three matches for his wedding. england's netballers have been beaten by australia, 52—47, in the quad series. it was the first time the two sides sides have met since england's historic win in the final of the commonwealth games earlier this year.
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england centre serena guthrie spoke to the bbc after the game. we made a few errors, and we just can't be careless with that ball. throughout the whole 15 minutes, and how the swing shift... thinking the bench ward winning quite enough clea n bench ward winning quite enough clean balls. we picked up the fourth midway through that second half. they were pretty clinical, and we won. the chair of uk sport dame katherine grainger wants to see russia's anti—doping agency continue to be banned. she has shared her concerns ahead of tomorrow's world anti—doping agency meeting where the three year suspension is expected to be lifted. michael phelps has called for more support to be given to athletes when their careers come to an end. the most decorated 0lympian says that he contemplated taking his own life during the worst periods of his own depression. that's all the sport for now.
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you can find more on all those stories on the bbc sport website. that's bbc. c0. uk/sport. it is still goalless between manchester and young boys. city hosting leon, 20 minutes there. both games are goalless, you can find them on the website. theresa may has announced plans to make an extra £2 billion available to build more affordable housing, and social housing, in england. councils, housing associations and other bodies can bid for the money for new projects from 2022. the prime minister says she wants to remove what she called the "stigma" surrounding social housing, as our correspondent richard lister reports. at this site in south london, they're building a mix of private and social housing, homes that are badly needed, notjust in the capital, but across the country, where demand for affordable housing far outstrips supply.
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today the prime minister announced an additional £2 billion for housing associations to build more homes. under the scheme, associations will be able to apply for funding stretching as far ahead as 2028—29, the first time any government has offered housing associations such long—term certainty. mrs may said it was time to end the stigma that many people still attached to social housing. many people in society, including too many politicians, continue to look down on social housing and, by extension, the people who call it their home. mrand mrs parkerapplied to buy their house... it was this tory prime minister who really shook up the housing market with an emphasis on home ownership which still reverberates today. but those who couldn't afford to buy were left in sink estates run by housing associations. it's very good to hear that the government now wants to be able to invest in housing associations, notjust this year but in a much more strategic way into the future.
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but there's a long way to go. the government says it has built more than 357,000 affordable properties since 2010, but a survey this year found a shortfall of 30,000 affordable homes every year since 2011, which could create a shortage of 335,000 homes by 2022. we have 180,000 families who are in temporary accommodation because we do not have enough social and affordable housing for them to live in. they are in that housing right now. we need funding right now. the grenfell disaster brought social housing issues into sharp focus. too little investment, too little attention. the government is now promising more of both. richard lister, bbc news. with me is polly neate, chief executive of housing charity shelter. also i'm joined by geeta nanda, chief executive of metropolitan, a housing trust in london, she's in our central london studio. welcome to you both. polly, this
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seems to be a significant change in tone for the government's a for —— brought a response, what you make of what has been announced today?|j think what has been announced today?” think it is hard to understate how much of a change this is. if you look back to 201010 now, this is a real transformation —— 2010. in terms of the government's attitude towards housing, the willingness to talk about the urgent need for more social housing, which there is, and also acknowledging that people who live in social housing feel stigmatized. and all of that is really quite new. the actual money which doesn't come on stream anyways until 2022, so it is like an advanced promise of what we might get, which will hopefully be more. but the money is not massive, it
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will not solve the problem. it is nice for security of housing since —— associations, but for those who desperately need housing, it is just a drop. hopefully it is more to come. will the money and make a difference? the money will make a difference? the money will make a difference because we have been asking for a long time to have some certainty in terms of our funding programmes. so this is the first time where having that long—term guarantee that there is a future there, which means we can make a difference in terms of the type of schemes that we look at, making commitments early on for a longer period of time. so it is an amount of money, period of time. so it is an amount of money, average period of time. so it is an amount of money, average out, and it may produce 40,000 homes going into the future. we aren't sure how many will be, 40-50,000. but it is future. we aren't sure how many will be, 40—50,000. but it is a commitment and the use of the word social housing, which i was there when she did the speech. i think there was a really warm reception from the housing associations in the audience of seeing the relevance of
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us audience of seeing the relevance of us to be able to deliver for the future. polly, i noticed you said there is an urgent need. can you give us a sense of how many people on social housing waiting lists? 1.2 million people are on counsel waiting lists. that is a huge number, and we actually have 300,000 people homeless. so that ranges from literally living on the streets, in bed and breakfast hotels, hostels, a lot of these are families, that 300,000 includes 128,000 children. so you have a huge number on waiting lists, and you also have some very acute levels of need. in fact, the last time we saw a significant investment in social housing, it was because we were seeing people languishing in slum conditions. but actually we are not far off that now. we do urgently need help for people who are trapped in very inadequate, really appalling housing conditions. housing associations did
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very warmly welcome the speech today, i was also there. there is a standing ovation for the prime minister from standing ovation for the prime ministerfrom the standing ovation for the prime minister from the housing association, so that was a turnout for the books. and jolly good, as well, but we do need to see a real serious. hopefully we will look back at the speech today as really signalling a change of heart from the government, in terms of social housing. the problem there, as polly outlined starkly, it is up to you and other housing associations to solve the problem by building more homes. i know you said you did not know how many, but can you give me any kind of broad idea what £2 billion might buy? if we look at what is currently provided, which is an average of £41,000, different if an average of £41,000, different if a social rented home, but you may be talking £67,000 that is needed per home. whereas for shared ownership,
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which is cast as an affordable home, it is much less tony 5— £28,000. you can see here more numbers, depending on where you put your money. but it is -- on where you put your money. but it is —— we desperately need more social rented homes, and we have not been building enough. so within our programmes, it has been skewed towards the affordable housing products, and we need more social rented homes. the number will depend on exactly what the programme outlines where we can put that money, and we will desperately love to build more social rented homes. polly, what is needed most? that is absolutely right, what is needed most is a compelling, large—scale vision for social housing, just as we had when it was first thought of, when we first started building loads and loads of council housing to give people some were decent to live. we need that again, and the prime minister is right, we need it without any stigma, we needed to look different doctor decent. we
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need it to not look really different then the community it is situated. it will be a lot more than £2 billion, but this is an investment in our country's future. we'll be letting ourselves down as a country because we are not housing people adequately, and it is more than a crisis, it is turning into national emergency. just a final thought from you, the money doesn't come on strea m you, the money doesn't come on stream until 2022. when might we see the effects democrat fax? it echoing what polly said, every time we build a home and we have someone, it impacts on their health and education. it inched —— impact everything to do with her well—being. it everything to do with her well— being. it means everything to do with her well—being. it means we are employing people, we can build... it means we can build the premise that the apprenticeship programmes. it means we can do more to keep that
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building machine going. so if it is not committed to 2022, then you will not committed to 2022, then you will not get a first round out ground until two years later. but we can keep the programme going and running so keep the programme going and running so there is not a cliff edge where we stop doing something and we have to build it back out again. and that is what happens when we don't have long—term programmes. you stop, you start, and in between, you lose an awful lot in between. and we desperately do not want that. i am pleased we have a long—term programme. it is not enough, but i am thinking about all the people who will be housed and the greater benefits housing brings. we are grateful for your time, benefits housing brings. we are gratefulfor your time, thank benefits housing brings. we are grateful for your time, thank you both. a court has been hearing details of the violent, criminal past of the man who carried out the westminster attack. new cctv footage was also released of khalid masood renting the car he used in the attack and buying the knives he used to kill pc keith palmer from tesco.
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his final words, were said to be to his mother, he told her, "don't say i'm a terrorist, i'm not". two people have died after storm ali swept across ireland and parts of the uk with winds gusting to over 90 miles an hour. a woman died after a caravan was blown off a cliff and a man in his 20s has been killed by a falling tree. scotland and the north east of england have also been affected by the storm. emma vardy is in cul—traw in northern ireland and has this report. a casualty of the extreme weather which lashed the west coast of ireland. early this morning, police received reports of a caravan blown onto a beach in county galway. the body of a woman in her 50s was recovered to, believed to be a tourist visiting from switzerland who'd been asleep inside. powerful winds wrenched this cruise ship from its moorings at inverclyde in scotland. the nautica became detached from the dock and had to be secured at sea by tugs. no—one on board was injured.
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elsewhere in scotland, a major incident was declared as people were injured by flying debris, and network rail worked to clear trees that struck a level crossing. as storm ali swept across the uk, a roof torn off a hotel in the isle of man damaged cars below. the strong winds ravaged northern ireland, a man was killed by a falling tree and another injured. parks and playgrounds were closed as branches fell on cars and houses. i heard a thud on the back of my roof which i was a bit worried about but it was smaller type branches, it was only about five minutes later i went out to the front and i noticed all the big branches down. dozens of roads were closed as debris blocked the way. there's two large trees that have come down across this road, taking the power lines with them, and there's now teams working on site here and across the country to clear up some of the damage that storm ali has caused.
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we're still experiencing extreme gusts of winds and more problems are occurring. we definitely do at this stage expect to be working through the night and into tomorrow and having customers self—supply into tomorrow at least. in northern ireland, with the worst of the storm now believed to have passed, the clear—up operation is well under way. now it's time for a look at the weather with helen willetts. good evening. store ali has been bearing down on it the uk, battering northern ireland scotland and the north of england. we are left with some really quite intense rains across england and wales as he moved into tomorrow and potentially a rather deep area of low pressure could bring some windy weather into southern and eastern areas. as we go into the evening, the strongest gusts confined to the north and
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northeast and actually it will be much cooler as that rain finally sta rts much cooler as that rain finally starts to fade away and just showers remaining across the north and west. while in the south, it still stays warm and humid, still quite windy with quite a bit of rain around as we had to morning rush hour. a blustery day we showers across the northern half of the uk on thursday but for the bulk of england and wales except perhaps a southeast, there'll be a spell of quite wet weather. we are concerned about the amount of rain and north wales and in northern england. and the strength of the wind to. bye—bye. hello, this is bbc news with rebecca jones. the headlines... the prime minister arrives in salzburg to present her brexit plan to eu leaders. she said the eu "will need to evolve its position" in order to make brexit a success. bbc news has learned that a review into maternity errors at shrewsbury and telford nhs trust is now examining more than 100 cases. two people have died as storm ali
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brings winds of up to 100 miles an hour to ireland and parts of the uk. injust over six months' time, the uk will leave the european union. all this week, bbc news is answering some of the most common questions that are being asked about brexit and its impact. one of them is what brexit will mean for trade and for businesses who import and export goods. our business editor simonjack has been to felixstowe to find out. will we be richer or poorer? will it definitely happen? why haven't we left yet? how will trade work after brexit? trade in action at the port of felixstowe. when we talk about trade, we simply mean the amount we buy from and sell to the rest of the world. how will it be affected by brexit? well, to get an idea of where we're
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headed, we're taking a look at where we are now. ok, let's have a closer look. the uk sold £616 billion worth of goods and services to the rest of the world last year. of that, we sold 44% of them to the eu. now, we imported or bought £642 billion worth of stuff from the rest of the world and of that, we bought 53% of it from the eu. so does that mean that they need us more than we need them? not really, because the eu, of course, is much bigger than the uk. of the eu's total exports, the uk made upjust 8%. so what happens next after brexit? well, this is the tricky bit. lots of options, lots of acronyms, eea, fta, wto. now, you can disappear down alleyways of complexity with all these different permutations, but the basic principle is this. the closer we stay to the eu, its market, its rules, it's regulations, the easier and cheaper it is to trade
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with the eu, but the harder it is to make new trade deals with some of the fastest—growing economies around the world. now, the government's preferred position, the so—called chequers deal, tries to tread a middle ground between all of that, with no tariffs on goods, close cooperation on services, close alignment on rules, no free movement of people and importantly, freedom to make our own trade deals. or we could just leave with no deal at all, clean break, fall back on world trade organisation rules. you're then talking big tariffs on things like cars and meat. this is the one that businesses fear. they think it would be the most disruptive and the most expensive. now, a lot of people say it's impossible to forecast what's going to happen in 15 years' time and that's probably right. so let's forget about the numbers and consider this, some say. the uk already exports £100 billion worth of stuff to the us every year. there's no trade deal.
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germany exports four times more than the uk does to china every year and manages to do that from within the eu. so do you need to leave the eu to do your trade with the rest of the world? this kind of crystal ball gazing is difficult. the government and other forecasters don't have a brilliant track record. but one thing seems widely accepted and intuitively right, and that is if you make trade with your nearest and biggest market more cumbersome and more expensive, that's got to result in an economic hit, at least in the short term. it may be decades before we really know whether leaving the european union was good or not for uk trade. simon jack, bbc news. theresa may has been pitching her brexit plan to other eu leaders at a dinner in salzburg this evening. arriving at the dinner, the prime minister said that the uk
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has evolved its brexit position and so the eu would need to evolve its position, too. earlier today, the president of the european council, donald tusk, described the prime minister's proposals as welcome, but stressed that some areas, including the crucial question of the irish border, needed to be "reworked". mairead mcguinness, mep for the ruling fine gael party in ireland, whojoins us from the town of newbridge in county kildare. thank you so much forjoining us this evening here on bbc news. and both sides are talking about the border. are they any closer to finding agreement, do you think? there is an agreement, and nobody wa nts a there is an agreement, and nobody wants a hard border. but what is
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tricky is writing a legal document and making sure that if we fail to develop a good trading relationship, that there is this backstop which would give it legal certainty and avoid a hard border on the island of ireland. and we have tried this and smart. because the european union has moved forward with an agreement that the uk rejected that. but within months, the uk came forward within months, the uk came forward with different wording on an agreement on the ireland issue. meanwhile at the european union, they get us thinking about flexibility because none of us want to use a backstop. but on the other hand, we are going to go forward with the assumption that it is there if all else fails. so yes, we're talking about the relationship and i think we have something for the future. but we have to talk about the present based on the agreement
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that was made by the british prime minister last november and with ireland in march. i am terribly sorry, but the sound is working up and it is quite difficult to hear you. we did get the gist of what you saidi you. we did get the gist of what you said i do not think i will rest of the question if that is all right. thank you for taking the time to join us. the mayor of london has announced a new unit to better coordinate staff from the nhs, police and local government to treat knife and gun crime as a public health issue. this approach has dramatically cut crime in cities like glasgow. but sadiq khan has faced criticism from some of being too slow to tackle the problem. nicola ford reports. this gang in london, caught on cctv camera are about to stab a man to death. across the capital, there have been more than 100 homicides so far in 2018. a new approach to combating violent crime is to tackle the causes. this centre in south london provides
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support for young people already caught up in or likely to be caught in a cycle of violence. i have seen young people that have been shot, young people that have been stabbed and young people that have low level fractures from punching a wall or not wanting to get into a fight. the interventions that we do are we actually meet them at that point and are able to make a difference, we are able to say you can change. this family was helped by the support. and she is now helping one teenager who was turned away from violence after being helped to build up his self—esteem. slowly, he came to understand that it was notjust cooking that he had to turn up on time, that he had to... if he turned up late, he was letting me down. today, the mayor announced his own early intervention scheme to tackle serious violence in the capital, a new violence reduction unit designed to bring together health professionals and local governments to work together. treating viole nt crime as an infectious disease, that means
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dealing with the infection, stopping it spreading, but also dealing with the causes of the serious violent crime in the first place. that means stopping violent crime occurring before it occurs, and that's why it is really important to work with the nhs, to work with councils, because they have information the police just don't have. the mayor invested £500,000 in the unit initially. for the conservatives on the london assembly, there is a lack of detail as to how it will work across such a vast area as the whole of london. this approach is already in place in glasgow, where the murder rate has dropped by half in ten years. it is hoped it will prove to be as effective in london, too. nicola ford, bbc london news. detectives are investigating whether an incident in which a car hit pedestrians outside an islamic centre in london was a racist attack. police say the incident
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is being treated as a possible hate crime after three people were struck by the vehicle in cricklewood in north west london. keith doyle has been to the scene around half past midnight this morning, this street was filled with hundreds leaving commemorations from the building behind me. at this stage, security guards approached the car with four people in it. police said there was some sort of altercation and security were submitted to a tirade of his homophobic abuse of people in the car. the car then drove off at members of the community. cctv footage shows some of that incident. the cart method the payment according to police and seriously injured two people, although they are not in critical condition. 0ne of the man in this cctv footage gave his witness account. i do not think about my so, ijust thought about other people. i was ready to die from the will because i am here to help them, serve them and protect
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them. i volunteered to do this. this is myjob to do that. i did not really think about myself because i read to the car and after it to make sure it will not hit anyone else. sophia god i did not get hit. police of the are doing this as it is homophobic and hate crime but not treating it at present as a terrorist incident. some representatives from the association air appealed for local people to remain tolerant and patient. they said they do have excellent relationships with the local community. police are looking for the people in the car and have put in place measures to ensure the rest of the commemorations passed ball safely. the headlines on bbc news... the prime minister arrives in salzburg to present her brexit plan to eu leaders and says the eu needs to "evolve its position" to make a success of brexit. ireland and parts of the uk are battered by storm ali, leaving two people dead, including a woman who was blown off a cliff in a caravan in galway.
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bbc news has learned that a review into maternity errors at shrewsbury and telford nhs trust is now examining more than 100 cases. a british satellite nearly 200 miles above earth has managed to clear up tonnes of space junk using a giant net. it's part of a series of trials looking at the best way to remove the old hardware left circling our planet. some 7,500 tonnes is said to be drifting overhead, posing a collision hazard for space new missions. 0ur science correspondent jonathan amos has the story. it's getting crowded up there. 60 years of space exploration have littered the skies above our heads. 0ld rockets, defunct satellites, even accidentally dropped astronaut tools. the fear is this junk could start
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a series of runaway coalitions, making space unusable. but perhaps this is the solution. this is the moment a net is thrown around some junk to capture it. it was thrown by a uk satellite that carries the first practical demonstrations to remove orbiting debris. what we are demonstrating is a possible technology to capture some of this debris, and we tried to look at cost effective technologies like a net, so the idea is you cast the net, capture your piece of debris, the satellite, then the orbit together so you burn into the atmosphere. coming next, a more pointed demonstration. a harpoon that can pierce reluctant objects so they can be dragged out of orbit. projectiles like this may be the simplest way to deal with some debris. this is the harpoon that we've been developing,
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and on the removedebris mission, they're going to be testing the kind of smaller brother of this one to show that we can successfully capture a piece of space debris in space using a harpoon. the british mission, launched injune, still has a few months left to run, but its work could lay the path to a safer future for the thousands of satellites that will follow. these systems risk being damaged or even destroyed if we don't find ways to clean up the existing mess. jonathan amos, bbc news. alastair wayman is an engineer with the aerospace giant airbus, which is involved in the removedebris project, you saw him in that report. he joins us from stevenage. thanks for taking the time to chat with us. could you tell us a little more about how much of a problem this space debris is? it is a growing problem and we lose more and
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more spacecraft every year and we start to rely more and more... we have already had the difference between space orbits and space debris and as we launch extra satellites, it only becomes a bigger problem. 0k, satellites, it only becomes a bigger problem. ok, so you either throw a net around it or you seem to harp in it. what do you then do once you have caught it, so to speak with matt what do you do with it? once we haveit matt what do you do with it? once we have it under control, then the net or the harpoon that is now attached to it would then be attached back to our spacecraft by tether. with that, we have a set of thrusters to toe that target basically back down through to the atmosphere. it is a small piece, it will burn up in the atmosphere there and then. if it is
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atmosphere there and then. if it is a very large piece of the what we do is we drop it to a place where it will not pose any risk to people on earth and it lands there. are there other applications for this, do you think? we hear a lot about clearing up think? we hear a lot about clearing up the oceans. i wonder if you could use your nets and harpoons to clear up use your nets and harpoons to clear up other things. potentially, there isa up other things. potentially, there is a similarity. at the minute, we are focused on clearing up the outer space environment. i have to say, it sounds like slightly you are in space at the moment. we have had a few sound problems there but thank you forjoining us. the scottish parliament has voted to scrap school tests for five—year—olds introduced last year to assess whether pupils need extra help in certain subjects. critics say they put too much pressure on young children. but despite today's vote, the tests are set to continue across scotland.
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here's our scotland editor sarah smith. five—year—old theo has just started at primary school, where his mum sara wants him to have fun. she doesn't want him to sit the controversial standardised assessment that will test his literacy and numeracy skills. it's more the way it would be pushing the curriculum, i think, so rather than allowing it to be more relaxed and having a kind of play—based approach, as they do in some of the other european countries, i think it would encourage teachers to focus more on the traditional three rs. other parents whose children took the tests for the first time last year said they found it stressful and upsetting. although some teachers do believe they are useful. nowhere else in the uk are kids assessed as young as five. in england, tests are planned from 2020. so this has the potential to be embarrassing. i will take an example of the assessment that is given to primary 1 pupils on this computer here.
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this one's asking me... choose the dog. to choose the dog. so i click on the dog. if i do get that wrong, it doesn't actually tell me i'm wrong, but it deliberately moves me on to an easier question for the next one. drag all the pictures of birds. the diagnostic information that comes from these assessments is really very high quality. what i want to make sure is that teachers are able to plan the future learning stages for young people as effective as they can, based on that information, to make sure that every child has the opportunity to fulfil their potential. all the opposition parties in scotland want the tests scrapped. stop and think, halt the tests so that we can reconsider the facts before us and the whole approach to evaluating pupil progress in primary 1. the snp minority government lost the vote on the matter in the scottish parliament this evening. yes, 63, no, 61. there were no abstentions.
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the motion is therefore agreed. but theo will still face an assessment this year as the government does not now have to change its policy. sarah smith, bbc news, edinburgh. storm ali, with winds of more than 100 miles per hour, caused chaos across large parts of the uk today. two people died. a woman's caravan was blown into the sea in ireland and a man was killed by a falling tree in northern ireland. and much of central and southern scotland was battered during the day, creating major travel problems with many rail services, flights and ferries affected. as catriona renton reports. as the sun rose over glasgow, there were signs ali was on its way. in scotland, it came in through the southwest. in dumfries and galloway, a major incident was declared. roads were impassable due to falling trees. ali hammered its way quickly through the country. as it travelled up the west coast,
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it wreaked havoc. this cruise ship lost its moorings on the clyde, stranding over 500 passengers. around the country, power was lost and more than 80,000 homes and businesses. here, engineers have been getting people reconnected. in some cases, our engineers on—site can hardly stand up, let alone climb the wood poles in order to affect repair, so that stopped us and delayed us from affecting repairs and getting some of our customers back on. whether you were trying to get out of the house, like here, or visit the gardens or some of the shops nearby, ali had other ideas. the museum in dundee had to close its doors because of the wind. if you need proof why, it's here. this bridge was closed as it's
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battling gusts of over 102 mph. if there is a restriction, please do not cross it. we do not want anything to happen. we want people to safely reach their destination. trains were badly affected, with many services cancelled, making the commute home a daunting prospect. it's certainly inconvenient. we cannot stop trees falling on the line. i just think that scotrail should be able to cope with something like this. it's very disappointing with a little wind, they seem to cancel. i've got one more in nursery and one boy in school that probably need to be picked up. so i'm just going to uber it. the knock—on effect led to huge queues for buses. ferries were cancelled, flights were affected. passengers were unable to get off this plane in aberdeen due to safety fears. the pilot came out to tell us that basically the airport staff
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would not touch the plane in winds above 45 miles an hour, and therefore we could not move because if they off—loaded us, they were worried the plane would tip over. the very worst effects of ali may have passed, but it has left chaos that will take some time to clear up. now it's time for a look at the weather with helen willetts. what is the picture across the rest of the country? quite a tall order with the weather at the moment. ali is blowing out into the north sea, but as you mentioned and shown in the package, it was really a menace at its peak. gusts in exposed areas up to 100, and ina gusts in exposed areas up to 100, and in a few inland areas, we were into the high 70s. 91 in kilo up
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across in northern ireland. it has been a ferocious beast, ali moving away, quick in and quick out, causing major problems. even in this document we had gusts around 45 and the beech nuts on our trees in the guard were coming down. i think everywhere has been affected by stronger winds that we have had so far this autumn. here it is moving out of the way, but is leaving a dripping weatherfrom out of the way, but is leaving a dripping weather from across the uk so the main concern for the next 12 to 24 hours is the amount of rainfall we will see. we have flood warnings anyway in scotland because of today's array. this system does not want to ship, not tonight or tomorrow, so a lot of warm and moist air in the south. cooler in the north and a brighter day tomorrow. not as windy but plenty of showers. see further pulses of intense rain in the south. forecast we could see as much as three or four inches of rain, or100 mm overthe as much as three or four inches of rain, or 100 mm over the hills and mountains of northern wales in northern england tomorrow. those
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look dry and find the south and still quite warm. 2122 degrees, fresher in the north but when you get into the way, still quite windy day and said it you're actually because what's that was assistant to mark turned to a low—pressure system tomorrow not everywhere that a spell of gaels. this time, the spell of gaels to be in the south. so it looks like it will be wittier than it has been today across southern areas. some as we have had windy weather already today, we could see some trees down, a few trees down evenin some trees down, a few trees down even in the south amarnath. but it does push that mild weather out of the way. but it does look as though we're in for the way. but it does look as though we're infora the way. but it does look as though we're in for a stormy night in the south thursday into friday. strong to gale force winds blowing efficacy, and friday off to a blustery start and quite messy with lots of trees, small branches and look at a temperature difference. we even talking 16—17 by night, there will be about 17 or 18 by day. back
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to normal. pressure for saturday and looks like the better day of the weekend but this is been rolling in for potentially more wet and windy weather on the wane. saturday looks a little better, dryer, brighter and calmer before we have more wind and rain isa calmer before we have more wind and rain is a go into sunday. hello, i'm kasia madera, this is 0utside source. with six months to go until brexit, the british prime ministerjoins eu leaders for a summit in austria. brussels though warns that some of her plans still need some work. the irish question, the framework for economic operation, the uk's proposals will need to be reworked. —— economic cooperation. the woman who's accused donald trump's supreme court nominee of sexual assault says she won't testify. christine blazey ford says she wants the fbi to investigate the allegations first. president trump visits the area hit by hurricane forence to see the damage the storm has caused. and we look at the ambitious plan
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to clear up the rubbish floating around space.


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