tv Beyond 100 Days BBC News October 4, 2018 7:00pm-8:01pm BST
you're watching beyond 100 days. the fbi report is in and senators are reaching a verdict on brett kavanaugh. and the early signs are that donald trump's nominee for the supreme court will be confirmed by next week. democrats cry foul play saying the investigation provides more questions than answers. it looks to be the product of an incomplete investigation that was limited, perhaps by the white house, i don't know. but two key republicans say they are satisfied that the fbi was thorough and found no evidence of sexual assault. also on the programme. more denials from moscow but the evidence the russian state was involved in the salisbury poisoning continue to grow. we now learn that four russian intelligence officers attempted to hack the lab in the netherlands that was investigating it. the british government said the attack in april, followed u nsuccessful attem pts on the computers of the foreign office and the defence laboratories at porton down. and the shetlanders regain their rightful place on the map
of the british isles. hello and welcome. i'm katty kay in washington and christian fraser is in london. for all the painful testimony, the hours of television coverage and the fury on both sides — it looks like brett kavanaugh is exactly where he was before he was accused of sexual assault — on his way to becoming america's next supreme courtjudge. the big difference is that everyone is a lot angrier today than they were two weeks ago. polls suggest republicans, particularly republican men, have been galvanised by the entire episode. they feel president trump's nominee has been unfairly accused. and democrats are angry that someone they deem unworthy looks set to become one of the most powerful people in the country. they are also unhappy about how this fbi investigation was carried out. democrats agreed that the
investigation scope should be limited. we did not agree that the white house should tie the fbi's hands. it is not credible to say that public testimony in last week's healing is a substitute for the interviews by fbi agents. there was a very different view of this report on the republican side. here was majority leader mitch mcconnell on the senate floor. none of the allegations have been corroborated by the seven fbi investigations. not in the new fbi investigation, not anywhere. with us now is anna palmer, senior washington correspondent for politico. she's on capitol hill for us. thank you forjoining us. where do we stand one week after that testimony, you and i spoke on that day, where do we stand right now? that has been a lots of drama and fireworks but we are basically in the same situation as before ford
testified and detailed the claims, that she had been sexually assaulted by him. people are trying to figure out what the senators are thinking right after the seat the report by the fbi. so far, as we have seen, a couple of the republican senators are putting out signals that look pretty good. a colleague of mine spoke with the senator less than an hour ago coming to be different hearing and he said he has not decided where he is going to vote. so when you and i spoke just before the hearing you suggested that the real political peril was for republicans that actually opinion polls over the last week seemed to suggest that his democrats who are losing support because of the debacle. is it the case that democrats want this over with and
he's going to be confirmed they want it done as soon as possible? the timeline has started so democrats are not in control of this process. mitch mcconnell has started that so there will be a procedural vote and then a second vote on saturday. democrats are still fighting, trying to figure out how they can attack brett kavanaugh. to figure out how they can attack brett kava naugh. the to figure out how they can attack brett kavanaugh. the interesting thing, as you know, and that was surprising, is how that has been a galvanising issue for republicans. the courts have been something that republicans used to browse the base and this has once again become a central issue and this has been something where there hasn't been a lot of enthusiasm for them in midterms, this could be something that turns them to the polls. do you think in that sense that the resista nce think in that sense that the resistance we might have seen at the beginning the week has faded and even democrats might want to get over with? you look at a lot of
senate democrats, i don't think they wa nt senate democrats, i don't think they want him to be confirmed but we're 33 days away from an election. they wa nt to 33 days away from an election. they want to be talking about other things. you are already seeing democrats use brett kavanaugh in adverts against republicans, so you will see that as something for the next 30 days on a, on digital and radio, for the democrats to get voters motivated by the metoo movement out. with me now to look at the fbi's mandate for their investigation into the allegations against brett kavanaugh is former fbi agent, peter ahearn. thank you for coming in. i feel bad for fbi agents today. they have had a yearand a for fbi agents today. they have had a year and a half of being put upon by the white house and now the democrats are saying they're not happy. who would be an fbi agent? there are plenty, still plenty lining up, not an issue. they will
continue for doing theirjob. the indictments on the russian and videos for critical and they do their job. videos for critical and they do theirjob. looking at the kavanaugh investigation, do you think it was as thorough as it needed to be to get to some sense of what the truth is? i think more could have been done, and in particular the interviews with the two and videos. it is clear that the scope was particular to what the allegations were, but testimony is one thing but if you go out and interview 910 people who have information or not and can corroborate, then you would wa nt and can corroborate, then you would want to go back to the original and videos, both brett kavanaugh and doctor ford, and talk about what the agents have learned and drill down and see if anything canjog the memory. but again, this is not a criminal investigation, it is limited based on what the president wants and the fbi'sjob is to do
background investigations on presidential nominees, cabinet positions and federaljudges as well as us attorneys and others. that is the point. the politicians have tried to blurring the lines between a criminal investigation that the fbi would normally conduct and a background check which listeners, which is very different, and it is the white house which sets the parameters. presumably down the line when the fbi appears before the oversight committees they will be asked what instructions they were given? that is correct and i can guarantee they will have that documented at every step of the process, from top to bottom, no doubt about it. but you're right, what is important is the general public doesn't understand the difference between a criminal investigation in the background, so it isa investigation in the background, so it is a matter of managing expectations of what people expected from this and that we are limited based on who they can interview believe the interviews have been
done well. i know that the fbi doesn't draw conclusions from this kind ofan doesn't draw conclusions from this kind of an investigation. would it have seemed to you pertinent to investigate, for example, the issue of alcohol in this case? that i think is a given. we always tell people, especially those who wanted to be fbi agents have anything in the future, that youthful indiscretions can come back and haunt you. in this case the alcohol is an issue from 37 years ago. is it an issue in the last ten years? we should remind their children of that, youthful and distressing scan come back to haunt you. thank you for coming in. —— youthful indiscretions. i want to talk about what the president said on tuesday in mississippi. let's see the front page of time magazine and this is
the picture of, made from the words she said in congress, and this is energising the base of donald trump, particularly older white men who think the liberals are coming after them. interesting arguments are starting to be made about the link between populism and race and immigration. people are starting to talk about the link between populism and gender. are we seeing a backlash against things like metoo from angry men who feel that this has gone too far, who feel that political correctness has gone too far. and it is not just correctness has gone too far. and it is notjust in the united states, if you look at populist leaders and people like duterte in the philippines, and in brazil, these are leaders who have specifically talked about rape and women in the context of their electoral
campaigns. we know donald trump as well talking about the way he has talked about women, and there is something in the idea that these are leaders who are tapping into male anger at women's advancement generally, notjust anger at women's advancement generally, not just the anger at women's advancement generally, notjust the metoo movement but the fact women are starting to be better paid and better educated and all of this is feeding into a sense of anxiety about being left behind by some men, and these populist leaders are tapping into this and doing are sometimes in ways that invoke violence against women. we saw that on tuesday night with the evidence of doctor ford, when was that, where was it and she doesn't know, and you hear the crowd cheering, particularly men jeering, and you get the impression he knows this works for his base. it is eight very polarised country and we are about to be polarised along gender lines as well, something that people are starting to ask. let's move on to news from around the world.
the russian denials are wearing thin. today we learnt extraordinary detail of the lengths the kremlin went to, in order to uncover what the west had learnt of the nerve agent poisoning in salisbury. four russian intelligence officers were arrested in the netherlands in april trying to hack into a lab that was testing the poison used on the skripals. and it wasn't the first attempt. in the us, thejustice department announced charges against seven russian agents. who were linked not only to the cyber attacks in the netherlands, but on the world anti—doping agency and an american nuclear company. the bbc security correspondent gordon correra reports. caught in the act. the moment four russian spies were detained in the netherlands. their plan, to use the equipment in the boot of their car to hack into computer networks. the story was made public today in an extraordinary joint story was made public today in an extraordinaryjoint british and dutch news conference in which the details were laid bare and the finger pointed at the ge are you,
russian military intelligence. finger pointed at the ge are you, russian military intelligencem can no longer be allowed to act aggressively around the world against vital international organisations with apparent impunity. —— gru. organisations with apparent impunity. -- gru. this is where the russians were cot. the reason they work year is because just next door is the headquarters of the 0rganisation is the headquarters of the organisation for the prohibition of chemical weapons. at the time, the op cw chemical weapons. at the time, the 0p cw was investigating the poisoning of the skripals in salisbury. the attack would eventually lead to the death of don stu rg ess eventually lead to the death of don sturgess and has been blamed on russia. the format russians arrived on april ten using diplomatic passports and carrying 20,000 euros and $20,000. they were secretly photographed carrying out reconnaissance the next day. in the but of the card they had what is
called close access equipment. this would allow them to intercept passwords as 0p cw staff logged into their computers so they russians could break into the system. but the dutch with help from the british had been watching and waiting. we were watching closely and as soon as we had the idea that the equipment was working, we disrupted the operation. and you're confident this is russian military intelligence, the gru? we are 100% confident. military intelligence, the gru? we are 10096 confident. so what ties them to the gru? phones were activated close to the gru base. 0ne even has a taxi receipt from the gru base to the airport, and the laptop history links to a series of cyber attacks, including into the investigation of the downed
malaysians mh370 flight. today the british government also detailed other cyber attacks linked to the gru which it businesses across europe, even a small television station in the uk. the way we prevent this is by making sure when this kind of thing happens that russia knows it as a deadline, but are consequences. and in the final coordinated move, this afternoon the us department ofjustice issued its own detailed indictments against seven gru officers for a range of cyber attacks focusing particularly on sporting bodies. from its side, russia has dismissed the allegations as a ‘western spy mania'. for more on this, a short time ago i spoke to our moscow correspondent, steve rosenberg. the kremlin has dismissed this as spy the kremlin has dismissed this as spy mania on the part of the west, do you think they are at all worried
by this kind of retaliation? do you think they are at all worried by this kind of retaliation7m do you think they are at all worried by this kind of retaliation? if they are worried they are not showing it. in russia today they reacted with a kind of bluster and the kind of division we have come to expect from the authorities whenever moscow was accused by the international community of something. so we heard, as you said, the russian foreign minister declaring that spy mania in the west had gone into overdrive and dismissing the british claims of gru cyber attacks, a very long list published by britain today, dismissing all of that as a diabolical cocktail of perfume is in one bottle produced by a vivid imagination. that does not sound like a government that is particularly worried. the state media are certainly covering the story but presenting it as part of a new wave of anti—russian hysteria in the west. i guess this shows the
russian foreign minister has a sense of humour but talk to me about the competence because one of the things that struck me in the news was that they had found information on one of they had found information on one of the gentleman's computers that seemed to link him pretty definitively to the gru. the perception in the west is this is an organisation that knows exactly what it is doing and is on top of everything. what is your impression? are they as effective and confident as we tend to think they are? certainly the things we have learned over the last month, both in terms of the cyber attacks mentioned today and the salisbury poisonings, which have also been linked to the gru, the attempted poisoning, assassination in salisbury, suggest things are not so organised as perhaps the russians claim. it is interesting, you do get the sense from officials that they are mocking
the west, they are laughing, but if there is a new round of sanctions, and there is a threat of a new round of sanctions, then i think the russians will be worried by that, because the existing sanctions against russia are already biting. joining me now are two experts of cyber warfare. emily taylor is in oxford, she is an international security associate fellow at chatham house. and dr tim stevens is a lecturer in global security at king's college here in london. ifi if i could start with you, when we look at this picture of the car but with all the equipment in it, the computer and the antenna i and the batteries, are you any clearer what they were trying to do and how they we re they were trying to do and how they were trying to hack into the laboratory? it is a very dramatic set of pictures that seemed to show a group of operatives caught in the act. you have the antenna, the
mobile phones, all sorts of equipment that looks like it is their to hack into the wi—fi of the chemical weapons organisation. their to hack into the wi—fi of the chemical weapons organisationm would feel a little bit cold war if it wasn't so johnny english. would feel a little bit cold war if it wasn't sojohnny english. you have this russian spy with the taxi receipt in his pocket, a mobile phone initiated outside the gru headquarters. why are they so heartless ? headquarters. why are they so heartless? it is a bit keystone cops but i think it perhaps underlines the sense of impunity. the fact is that at the current time if you do cyber attacks you are unlikely to be caught. this is a real sting operation that seems to have revealed people caught in the act and that is the strategic link of course between the salisbury attacks
and an attempt, it seems, to hack into the chemical weapons organisation, so i think it underlines, today's announcement underlines, today's announcement underlines, that the allies standing together and revealing an awful lot more information and putting it into the public domain than would really have been imaginable a few years ago. we have got a lot more information. let me put that question to you, tim. what do you make of the amount of information we have made today. it is unusual first by organisations to put it all out there and point the finger like that. it is exceptionally unusual. in the past when states have allocated cyber attacks to foreign countries they tended to be deserved about how precisely became about that information. in this case, you have the national cyber security ce ntre have the national cyber security centre in the uk revealing some of
the technical details about the actual tools and capabilities of the gru agents, used against the world anti—doping agency, for instance. it is to allow public sector organisations to harden defences against those tools. 0ther defence is brought to their extraordinary and the unanimity between the intelligence security allies in the british and dutch is extraordinary. so what are the options now facing western intelligence agencies? they have had a round of sanctions. we have had a round of sanctions. we have had a round of sanctions. we have had help from western intelligence agencies that they might do things we don't know about beyond sanctions. is that what they are looking at or do you think the only retaliation option now has another round of sanctions? only retaliation option now has another round of sanction57m only retaliation option now has another round of sanctions? it is clear that both american and british doctrine and policy that all options are on the table which means conventional means downloads. you
can be sure that intelligence agencies are various things and russian intelligence networks and thatis russian intelligence networks and that is what intelligence agencies do. another round of sanctions, it is hard to know where that would come from. if it comes from the eu eu, there are tensions between britain and the eu, and some would like to weaken sanctions. 0ne demonstrative thing the british could do is attempt to table a resolution with the un security council. that would be vetoed by the russians and possibly by china but it would signify that britain are taking it seriously at the highest level. how much do they learn and how much will that affect what happens in the future. every time there's an investigation only break inaof there's an investigation only break in a of this nature, do we learn enough enough to stay ahead of the hackers is at the last technology that they will end up one step ahead of the enforcers. unfortunately it is much easier to attack and defence. what we're learning with
these revelations is what is alleged to be done by adversaries and also some crude activity that ought not to really work in this day and age, but unfortunately the basic level of cyber hygiene, our basic level of preparedness for this sort of attack, is still very low, across not only the united kingdom but across all western countries, and thatis across all western countries, and that is a problem. particularly when you reflect on the possible impact of the westinghouse attack, when you are attacking nuclear facilities. the ramifications of that could be very frightening. thank you both very frightening. thank you both very much indeed. let's bring you some breaking news now. this refers to the five senators we have been focusing on all week.
heitkamp is a democrat senator and a red state and the feeling was that she was going to vote yes for brett kavanaugh she was going to vote yes for brett kava naugh but we she was going to vote yes for brett kavanaugh but we have heard in the last few minutes that she is a no. which would put more pressure, you would think, on the three republican senators. my feeling on this is that she is now so far in the polls behind that she has decided there is no particular benefit to voting yes so she will vote with the rest of the democrat caucus and have that as her legacy rather than voting yes for strategic reasons. the statement, she said the process had been bad but at the end of the day, you have to make a decision and i have made that decision and i will be voting no onjudge brett kavanaugh. now, are you familiar with this? i hope so because it is a map of great britain — but are you familiar with this? the little box up here in the right hand corner. it is of course shetland.
but it looks on this old style map as if it is pretty close to the uk. somewhere off the moray firth or the aberdeenshire coast. and in fact if we zoom out and show you the real map you will see it is much further away, some 150 miles away from the scottish mainland. but now the box has been outlawed by the scottish government. it has been a constant irritation to people of shetland because the map diminishes the challenges they face as islanders. the change in the law they say will ensure the scottish and british governments give proper regard to island communities, when preparing policy or deciding on essential services and legislation. they are far out in the ocean and wa nt they are far out in the ocean and want everyone to know. but the map people say we now have to show lots of ocean, and the scottish conservatives that voted
against it said if you zoom out like that you get this detail on the mainland so you lose out. i personally quite like my box. i like ita personally quite like my box. i like it a lot but i have sympathy with the scale, because when i sit in this cheer normally of an evening, but others say i want you to be a bit more like this, a bit tighter, which i think is a bit of a conjob because you don't get the full effect. all the blue! i think we have just lost every single viewer and the shetlands. you don't get much more than me. this is beyond 100 days from the bbc. coming up for viewers on the bbc news channel and bbc world news, we'll head over to sao paulo to hear why sunday's presidential elections could be the most important in brazil's history. that's still to come. the weekend's just around the corner and the weather is going to be chopping and changing a lot.
in fact, some big contrasts in the temperature on the way for friday. it will be very cool in the north of the uk, whereas in the south, warmer weather. the battle between the warmer weather in the south and the cooler weather coming off the north atlantic takes place in this weather front here, moving across the uk right now, you can see the blue colours of the colder air moving into scotland and northern ireland, where as in the south, the air is coming out of the south so here it will be quite a bit warmer, relatively speaking, it won't be that balmy. friday morning, temperatures of around, say, 10—12 degrees in major cities across central and southern england, possibly wales, too. whereas glasgow, edinburgh there, roundabout 4 degrees outside of town, certainly the chance of a touch of frost here and there. the weather front, the battle ground between the contrasting temperatures, is right across central part of the uk on friday, meaning in the south, we hang on to the warmer weather, the air still coming in from the south.
whereas in glasgow, edinburgh, belfast, stornoway, we've got fresher atlantic air coming in. but sunny here. in fact, if you don't mind the chill in the hour, it will be a beautiful day, just a couple of sprinkles here and there, carried on the breeze. cloudy conditions across the lake district, yorkshire, and wales, maybe some spots of rain, and then we run into the beautiful weather across east anglia and the south—east. a bit of an indian summer here, 22 possibly in london. the midlands will be cloudier but up to around 18 or so, and then we've got those fresh conditions there for northern ireland, cumbria and northwards, only around 10—12 degrees, that sort of range. and then huge change on the way for the south on saturday. saturday not a great day, windy, wet, chilly, southern counties seeing heavy rain around, from 22 down to 13 from london. but in belfast, it looks like it will be fairly sunny on saturday, and still fairly cool.
then as we head into sunday, again, the weather changes once again, it improves to the south of the uk with some sunshine, whereas in the north a bit more cloud and some rain. but cool everywhere, i think, by sunday. some real big changes on the way. this is beyond one hundred days with me, katty kay, in washinton, christian fraser is in london. our top stories. us politicians spar over an fbi report into sexual misconduct claims against the supreme court nominee, brett kavanaugh. 0ne democratic sentor has already said she'll vote against him. the west accuses russia of a series of coordinated cyber—plots across the globe, using some of the strongest language aimed at moscow since the cold war. coming up in the next half hour. we look at what's at stake for brazil as people head to the polls on sunday to choose a new president in what could be the most important election in its history. plus the disabled americans dying after run ins with police. we take a closer look at the disturbing trend in our special report. the transition to any newjob can be difficult but most
of us don't have to worry about taking over the entire us government. that's the challenge which awaits every new president and usually there is a well crafted team formed to make sure things run smoothly. according to author michael lewis, that's not how things went during the trump administration. instead chaos reigned and many agencies waited for weeks until anyone even showed up. he's chronicled it all in the new book the fifth risk and we have been discussing what he found. what is the risk of a president not preparing properly for his government, the risk to the american robert? jim watt trumpeted, showing up robert? jim watt trumpeted, showing up and not getting briefings from the administration. —— doing what trump did. the federal government is the largest institution on the
planet. it manages the portfolio of risks, many catastrophic risks, the nuclear arsenal is the most obvious but the... that portfolio of risks, unmanaged, becomes everyone becomes more likely to happen. there's one thing after another that the is managing, that the president manages. it's a different structure than in england, it is run by political people. the president of men to manage this massive organisation and donald trump is told through the campaign he has to set upa told through the campaign he has to set up a transition team. he is concerned that the people who are setting up the team are notjust wasting his money, they're taking his money. it's very strange thing, he sees that there is this transition planning going on because he acquired by law to do it, other people are doing it for him, and when he sees how much money is required, you spirit, he says you're stealing my money. he seems to think the campaign money is his money. what's more interesting is that he
thought that it was pointless. what is supposed to happen is he's supposed to have hundreds of people in place to go in the day after the election in dolby ‘s government agencies and figure out what is going on, what the problems at the moment are and how they are being handled. and he... he didn't see the point of it. in fact, he didn't see the point. why not? was it arrogance that he thought he didn't need it, that he thought he didn't need it, that he thought he didn't need it, that he thought he was going to win, lack of interest, ideological? arrogance, yes. he said to chris christie, why are we doing this? if we win after victory party, will have to take to hours, he said, we are so smart we can take two hours and understand the entire thing. the second thing, the bigger reason, he didn't think he was going to win, he didn't think he was going to win, he did not have an acceptance speech written on election night. so why bother to do all this and spend the money if you're not going to actually win? we're now getting on for two years in the trump
administration, your report is looking particularly at the transition period and those early weeks. are they better now? did it get it now‘s fracking is being run better now? did not finish the book until a few weeks ago and i were still getting briefings that... there were briefings that they didn't get. from the civil service about what they are dealing with and the problems they are dealing with. the 700 top politicaljobs in the trump administration, half of them are not filled. what's happening is the ship has been autopilot, motoring along for a while without leadership, you can see the signs of dysfunction. take what is happening at the border, with thousands of children in cages at night. that's government dysfunction, they don't know where the parents are of the children. they can't connect them. that is with a good example of the governmentjust that is with a good example of the government just screwing up. that is with a good example of the governmentjust screwing up. i think they will be tested, something will happen that will require the
government do something and everyone will notice that it is not being run properly. thanks very much. thank you. it was very similar, wasn't it coming months after he had been in greater, we were talking for about the ambassadors spots around the world that had not been filled and there was this gap in foreign diplomacy that donald trump are left open. and we talked at the time about whether this was a problem attracting the right of your talents to your ministration. that may be true in some cases, i think what that book indicates, and it's a short and fascinating read, full of hair raising stories about what can go wrong if government doesn't look work effectively, the problem is more that the didn't recruit properly early on and then you have these big holes in the administration, there was just the kind of lack of interest in learning about the nuts and bolts, the boring stuff about how the department of energy works or the department for education works, the problem is that it could hit a crisis and they don't
have the people in place with the institutional knowledge run that kind of crisis. it's partly that perhaps now in the trump administration foreign policy levels you do have people that don't want to go and work there, but the problem is that the ministration itself is not doing what it needs to do to claim credit people to fill those spots. speaking of elections, let's move to brazil. it is gearing up for its most polarised presidential election in decades — with the first round of voting set for sunday. the frontrunner is far—right candidate jair bolsonaro. he's promised a crackdown on crime and corruption, but has been criticised for comments he's made against women, black people and the lgbt community. his rival is fernando haddad, a left—wing politician and close ally of former president lula da silva jailed for corruption, who dropped his own presidential bid because he was jailed for corruption, — an issue that many brazilians are concerned about. here's katy watson. scandals have overtaken brazil in recent years. the country's biggest ever corruption investigation is known as 0peration car wash.
it's implicated politicians and business people right across the board, including former president lula and current leader michel temer. 139 people have so far been sentence, many more investigated. so far, its estimated that around $10 billion was made from the crimes committed. another issue on people's minds is the economy. the b in "brics", brazil was seen as the future — a commodities fuelled boom meant that it was one of the fastest—growing economies between 2000 and 2012. but the good times didn't go on for ever. brazil's slowly emerging from its deepest ever recession. unemployment has doubled in almost six years — it's now more than 12%. and 50 million people live in poverty, that's a quarter of the population and a figure that's rising. and then there's the age—old discussion of crime. in 2017, there were more than 63,000 murders. that's more than one in seven people killed an hour. it's a new record. and we can now speak to katy,
who's in sao paulo for us. i wish we had had your own earlier in the programme, we were having a very interesting discussion about populist leaders and gender and want to ask you about bolsonaro's approval ratings with women. this is approval ratings with women. this is a candidate who has belittled rape, defended the gender pay gap, and yet his approval ratings amongst women seem to be going up rapidly. what's going on? absolutely, what has been really interesting is in the last week we have had mass protests across the country led by women, protests called something which means not him, people saying this is not somebody that supports women, supports lg btq not somebody that supports women, supports lgbtq communities, he's a racist candidate, yet at the same time, the number of women supporting him seems to have gone up. so there are on the other side supporters of
bolsonaro, women with bolsonaro. it is very interesting time in brazil, trying to understand who in fact supports him and why. it is familiar, though, the shape of the election. we have seen it here in europe, hard right versus hard left. absolutely. i was talking to somebody earlier today and asking him, bolsonaro is a man who also admires donald trump, we are seen this across the world. people fed up with old politics, wanting something new, that essentially happening here in brazil, people fed up with the workers‘ party who many see as responsible for brazil‘s economic problems, widespread corruption. but this particular political professor i was speaking to said, don‘t know whether you can compare necessarily to something like donald trump, more like the charity of the philippines
—— duterte of the philippines, or even venezuela but on the other side of the bullet spectrum, somebody who wa nts to of the bullet spectrum, somebody who wants to change brazil, whether that is something with brazil needs, people are asking, many are worried ahead of the first round. british charities are appealing for emergency funds to help survivors of the earthquake and tsunami in indonesia. at least 11100 people are known to have been killed in last friday‘s disaster — officials expect the death toll to rise. the disasters emergency committee says 200—thousand people need clean water, food and medical care. irish premier leo varadkar has said there is an opportunity to clinch a brexit deal in the next fortnight. the taoiseach called on the uk to propose plans for an alternative irish border backstop "well in advance" of the eu summit on 17th october. but he suggested a uk—wide customs arrangement could not form part of that backstop. ealier, mr varadkar met with european council president donald tusk, where he thanked the eu for its "ongoing solidarity" with ireland.
kim kardashian west‘s bodyguard is being sued for $6.1 million by the celebrity‘s insurer after she was robbed in paris two years ago. the five robbers, dressed as police officers, put a gun to kardashian west‘s head before tying her up and locking her in a bathroom in october 2016. insurer aig paid for the cost of the stolen jewellery, but claims pascal duvier and his company protect security "negligently" protected the star‘s private apartment. in recent years, numerous police forces across the united states have been accused of abusing their power. while on the flip side — those who serve have often been targeted for simply wearing the badge. but a disturbing trend rarerly talked about is the large number of people injured or killed by the police who have disabilities. those with mental illness or physical impairments often have difficulties communicating with the authorities and situations have escalated quickly. the bbc‘s aleem maqbool has taken
a comprehensive look at this issue for bbc‘s our world and here is a portion of his report. hands behind your back... a huge number of people injured... and those killed by the police in the us each year has a disability. 26—year—old ethan, who had down‘s syndrome, idolised police officers. he even wanted to be one. one evening, he had been at the cinema with a carer. at the end of the film, he went back to his seat, wanting to see the movie again. hearing someone was inside the next screening without a ticket, three off—duty police officers went in. somehow in those next seconds or minutes, ethan ends up on the floor, facedown and is not breathing. ethan was restrained, handcuffed and had been crying out before he died.
we were called to the sheriff‘s department. the autopsy report was back and they told us that the medical examiner had ruled this a homicide and the death was caused by asphyxiation. the department whose officers were involved in ethan‘s death has not engaged with patti. they agreed a financial settlement with her but never so much as apologised or admitted any wrongdoing. already this year, right across the us, at least 130 people with a range of disabilities are confirmed to have been killed by police officers and these are just the ones we know about. in hundreds more cases, it was never determined whether the person killed had a disability at all. but what of the officers who have taken the life of someone with a disability? i had a subject who was armed with a knife outside a school and... i was forced into a situation where i didn't have a choice
but to shoot and kill the individual. we were outside a school, she was armed with a very large knife, she wasn't responding to my instructions. after the incident was over, i was told she had a history of mental illness. i didn't know that at the time, didn't understand what was going on at the time. so at the time, you felt you had no choice. do you feel differently now? no. i don't feel differently about it now. the complaint from many around the country is that officers too often command and control, shouting orders and physically taking charge, especially when someone doesn‘t immediately comply. the problem is some people just can‘t comply. there are few hopes of a major shift in police culture which many feel could save the lives of people with disabilities, where de—escalating situations really is the focus. with even fewer expectations of mental health provision radically improving here, the grim numbers will continue
to grow across this country. and for more on the scale of this problem, aleem joins us now. congratulations on this report, there is a half—hour to follow, i wish we could run the whole thing, it is gripping, shocking, very disturbing. talk to us about the kind of disability is that people have who are being targeted. people who are deaf, for example, or have autism, who just can‘t communicate popular with police officers when they are getting instructions. we looked in detail at a few cases, use one there, a chap with down‘s syndrome, an intellectual disability. his mother says he had an iq of less than 110 com he did not know he had to explain himself to police officers. we have also looked at the case of someone with schizophrenia who was having delusions, didn‘t even fully recognise that the police were real. but also cases, yes, of a deaf man
in oklahoma city who were shot dead when he did not comply with the command of police on his front lawn. so it is a range of disabilities but a lot of them, the pattern is that it is people who have trouble communicating, trouble complying and understanding, even those who fidget with their hands, people with autism, for example, who are steaming and have problems with their hands. so there is an issue with the way police on track with them. —— people with autism who are stimming. there is also an issue we did not get into as much, issues with medical health care provision, we re with medical health care provision, were a lot of these interactions should not be happening at all, it should not be happening at all, it should be trained medical professionals interacting with people in a lot of these cases, where the police are called as first responders. howdy get around this in a government culture where, as that policeman said, your first response ability is to get home to your family and if there‘s someone coming
at you with a knife or gun, you don‘t ask questions, as he said, you shoot first. the advice from people who have looked into this issue on behalf of the police for many years is that yes, certainly, it has to be a part of police training, personal protection, and weapons training, foreigners training, but it should not be where things start up. —— firearms training. far too much emphasis is on that and not on de—escalating situations, which is something police officers from here have gone over to the uk to try to learn a little bit more about, but that depends on the police force at the moment. it depends on the police chief, how much of that kind of de—escalation training happens for its officers. but those who are looking into this for a long time thinks it needs to happen much, much more here. it is a great report, i do so much for doing that. do make sure you watch that report, the full
half—hour, will be across bbc platforms this weekend, cannot recommend it enough. this is beyond one hundred days. still to come. we talk melania trump‘s first trip to africa. a man has been sentenced to 11; years injail after trafficking children as young as 11; into selling crack cocaine and heroin. it‘s the first time in uk legal history police have secured child trafficking convictions under the 2015 modern slavery act. sima kotecha reports. you‘re under arrest for suspicion of supplying class a drugs. six april, 21—year—old zachariah mohammed was arrested on his way into england. it was from there that his drug operation took place. —— on his way in to win gold. he was trafficking children to deal on his behalf. he
groomed teenagers, some as young as 14, groomed teenagers, some as young as 111, into working for him, offering them a lavish lifestyle then treating them like slaves. here, children are seen selling drugs. he befriended these children, groomed them, with one end in mind to exploit them. he‘s not see them as individuals, he saw them as commodity. he did not recognise their human too, they were just there to be exploited, to extend his business. police relates to him after children from birmingham were reported missing. the team leaders we re reported missing. the team leaders were found holed up in a flat in lincoln. 0fficers then identified a car making regular trips from birmingham to lingle and that car was traced back to mohammed. mohammed was put under surveillance after links were made between him and the drugs network. he was filmed buying tickets for the children from here at birmingham new street station to link home, where he made them live in the most appalling conditions. some of the missing
teenagers were discovered during a police raid. inside the flat, no heating, no food. instead, 25 wraps of heron and crack cocaine and a pile of cash. we are 32 days from the mid term elections. all 435 seats of the house of representatives are up for grabs, as well as a third of the seats in the senate. both houses currently in the hands of the republicans. there are certain parts of the country that are going to prove crucial in the final outcome of this election. reaching out to local media has been big a part of president trump‘s election strategy. so between now and the 6th of november we are going to tune in to local talk show hosts in the key swing states. in the coming weeks we will go to florida, texas, california, minnesota, west virginia. but today, we start in des moines, iowa; from where we are joined by radio host
and former republican state senatorjeff angelo. they differjoining us. toddlers first about the kavanaugh nominations and what you think that has had an impact on republican enthusiasm in iowa. kevin magid has been a bombshell. i thought going into this upcoming elections, republicans were resigned to their fate, that they seemed like there was going to be a blue wave coming, that republicans were not all that enthusiastic about the upcoming election. now, seeing the treatment by the left againstjudge kavanaugh and his nomination, that really has fired up the republicans so i do expect no need quartering turnout amongst republicans and democrats in regard to enthusiasm this fall. —— i do expect an equal turnout. what republican voters interested in hearing about? i ask about the
publicans hearing about? i ask about the publica ns because hearing about? i ask about the publicans because i was talking to democrats today who told me here is the key thing is they‘re hearing democratic candidates talk about, health care, salaries and corruption in government. it sounds like that is exactly what public and voters wa nt to is exactly what public and voters want to talk about to? you're right and that is why republicans in order to be effective, and, in these local districts need to talk about what their plan is for health care. it‘s not enoughjust their plan is for health care. it‘s not enough just to say, i am against 0bama care. the average voter is worried about them getting a sickness or a disease or eventually they wouldn‘t be able to afford health care, and so if the democrats could proceed as having a plan for that at the republicans can‘t just say, i don‘t like what the democrats are proposing, i think republicans really need to be aware of that. the other night in mississippi, the president said, just imagine that i am on the ballot. you got to get out there and vote. this is a referendum on me. do people in iowa think it is
a referendum on donald trump?|j don‘t think so. i think ultimately, it comes down to your local candidates and i can say as a republican, i am very impressed by the democratic candidates that have been recruited for the cycle against the incumbent and ultimately people wa nt to the incumbent and ultimately people want to think about what those particular candidates are talking about and those particular issues are talking about now. a little bit ofa are talking about now. a little bit of a caveat, i do think that kavanaugh of a caveat, i do think that kava naugh hearings and of a caveat, i do think that kavanaugh hearings and how they were conducted our... they are national issue. in regards to affecting local elections. but a referendum on from, i would say if you‘re a democrat and you want to say, i don‘t like donald trump and never liked donald trump, that‘s a motivating factor, but i think for a republican and independent voters it is entirely different. thanks forjoining us. every four years, of course, the whole of the american press corps descends on eyewear in the snowy
days of january for the iowa caucuses. i‘m sure we will be there ina caucuses. i‘m sure we will be there in a couple of years‘ time, i invite you along, kristian, it will be cold. what will we be called then? beyond... up to 100 days? thousands and thousands of days! the us first lady, melania trump, was in malawi today as part of her four—country african tour. the visit focused on humanitarian and children‘s issues at a time when her husband‘s administration has been pressing to cut foreign aid. she watched school girls perform a welcome song and dance, but mrs trump did notjoin in, unlike uk pm may! a few months back, president trump courted controversy by reportedly using a derogatory term to refer to african countries. a small group of americans living in malawi held a protest against her tour — saying they are against her husband‘s style of government and plans to cut aid. the first lady still has stops in kenya and egypt before returning to the united states. she looks very polished there, what
do you think? berry poise, this is a news programme so i do you think? berry poise, this is a news programme so i should tell you she has already touched down in kenya, chris is a little bit behind the curve! she‘s in nairobi, she has been handing out soccer balls, the best is her theme, best equipment forgirls, best is her theme, best equipment for girls, for boys, the thing she has been doing there, there have been a lot ofjabs on twitter saying that she has never looked happier during the whole course of her entire husband‘s presidency than when she is 5000 miles away from washington, the white house, white house residence or perhaps. but anyway, everyone is pointing out how happy and relaxed she looks. does this work? doesn‘t help the president? he has some making up to do in africa. the comments he made about africa, were widely picked up on in the continent, people did not like them, some people are saying it‘ll take more than a visit by melania to repair the damage but she‘s making a start and doing a
good job, so good for her. we will see you next week. the weekend‘s just around the corner and the weather is going to be chopping and changing a lot. in fact, some big contrasts in the temperature on the way for friday. it will be very cool in the north of the uk, whereas in the south, warmer weather. the battle between the warmer weather in the south and the cooler weather coming off the north atlantic takes place on this weather front here, moving across the uk right now, you can see the blue colours of the colder air moving into scotland and northern ireland, whereas in the south, the air is coming out of the south so here it will be quite a bit warmer, relatively speaking, it won‘t be that balmy. friday morning, temperatures of around, say, 10—12 degrees in major cities across central and southern england, possibly wales, too. whereas glasgow, edinburgh there, roundabout 4 degrees outside of town, certainly the chance of a touch of frost here and there. the weather front, the battle ground
between the contrasting temperatures, is right across central part of the uk on friday, meaning in the south, we hang on to the warmer weather, the air still coming in from the south. whereas in glasgow, edinburgh, belfast, stornoway, we‘ve got fresher atlantic air coming in. but sunny here. in fact, if you don‘t mind the chill in the hour, it will be a beautiful day, just a couple of sprinkles here and there, carried on the breeze. cloudy conditions across the lake district, yorkshire, and wales, maybe some spots of rain, and then we run into the beautiful weather across east anglia and the south—east. a bit of an indian summer here, 22 possibly in london. the midlands will be cloudier but up to around 18 or so, and then we‘ve got those fresh conditions there for northern ireland, cumbria and northwards, only around 10—12 degrees, that sort of range. and then huge change on the way for the south on saturday. saturday not a great day, windy, wet, chilly, southern counties seeing heavy rain around, from 22 down to 13 from london.
but in belfast, it looks like it will be fairly sunny on saturday, and still fairly cool. then as we head into sunday, again, the weather changes once again, it improves to the south of the uk with some sunshine, whereas in the north a bit more cloud and some rain. but cool everywhere, i think, by sunday. some real big changes on the way. this is bbc news. i‘m rachel schofield. the headlines at 8pm. western governments accuse russian spies of launching cyber attacks on institutions around the world, the dutch unmask four men they say plotted to hack the international chemical weapons watchdog. it‘s also claimed russia hacked into the porton down chemical weapons facility. both organisations had been investigating the salisbury poisonings. if anyone had any questions in their
mind about russian military involvement in the salisbury attacks, this will put to rest those doubts. leading democrats criticise the fbi report into supreme court nominee brett kavanaugh, but republicans say they found no hint of misconduct and that he should be confirmed on saturday. the government takes emergency action after a disposal company fails to incinerate hundreds of tonnes of bodyparts
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