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tv   BBC News  BBC News  October 22, 2018 2:00am-2:31am BST

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welcome to bbc news, broadcasting to viewers in north america and around the globe. my name is duncan golestani. our top stories: australia's prime minister issues a national apology to thousands of survivors of child sex abuse. to the children we failed, we are sorry. to the parents whose trust was the tried and who have struggled to pick up the pieces, sorry. saudi arabia's foreign minister describes the killing of journalist jamal khashoggi as murder but insists his death was the result of a rogue operation. the individuals who did these were working outside the authority. thousands of central american migrants continue their march towards the us, after evading mexican attempts to stop them. the australian prime
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minister, scott morrison, has delivered a national apology to victims of institutional child sexual abuse. speaking in parliament in canberra, mr morrison said australia as a nation had failed to listen, to believe and to provide justice. the national apology was one recommendation of a royal commission that investigated decades of institutional child abuse in australia. the crimes of ritual, sexual abuse happened in schools, churches, youth groups, scout troops, orphanages, foster homes, sporting clubs, group homes, charities and in family homes
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as well. it happened anywhere a predator thought they could get away with it and the systems within these organisations allowed it to happen and turned a blind eye. it happened do after day, week after week, month after month, decade after decade, unrelenting torment. when a child spoke up they were not believed and the crimes continued with impunity. the bbc‘s hywel griffith joins us now from canberra. really emotional moment that many of the survivors? absolutely and i think the words did carry weight. it has been decades, clearly, the sum abuse survivors to believed and to have an apology at this level is
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seen as significant. for so many it is not enough. they want action. they are grateful that the recommendation from the royal commission are followed in the majority but there is still unfinished measures the government have not signed up to and questions about redress and national compensation. whether enough is being offered on whether the process to claim it is difficult and malt amending. can you explain the history of these. how widespread was this abuse in australia? yes, so the royal commission, the enquiry which lasted five years and heard state m e nts lasted five years and heard statements from thousands of people took ina statements from thousands of people took in a huge sector of australian life. it included churches, care homes, foster homes, schools, sporting associations and, within each of those institutions, there
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was evidence of abuse, endemic abuse in some cases, where institutions would cover up, conceal and silence the victims. it took huge political shift that come into light. julia gillard is acknowledged who started that process. she was in the chamber today. here we are in use on with the national apology and while many victims i have spoken to a grateful their voices have been heard, primarily by the potential of other children, children who may be vulnerable in some of those organisations. what the prime minister wanted was in australia where children would always be listened to and there are some people who want proof of that. it may take years, many decades of that trust to be healed. a lot of
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recommendations were also made. what would it mean in practice for institutions, governments at federal and state levels? 120 recommendations and one of the key ones for survivors and their families was financial redress. 150,000 australian dollars is being offered as a maximum amount. the commissioner recommended more than that but accessing that money saver has been rather slow. —— accessing that money has been rather slow. scott morrison talked about a lot of the things that would come in. once a year he wants the government to be called into account to see what progress they have made. that it is a complex and difficult issue. people want a change in law to end
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concealment and covering up of abuse. a maximum of two year penalty to someone who failed to report abuse and some want that to be increased significantly. institutions, particularly religious organisations, maybe culpable by their silence, by organisations, maybe culpable by theirsilence, by failing organisations, maybe culpable by their silence, by failing to report and failing when the abuse happened to believe that victim. saudi arabia's foreign minister has described the death ofjamal khashoggi as murder. in an interview with us television he insisted that people would be held to account for what he said was a criminal act. turkey's president says he will reveal the truth of what happened on tuesday. here's our diplomatic correspondent james robbins. new pictures have now emerged of jamal khashoggi walking towards the saudi consulate in istanbul, and towards his death. more and more countries are now demanding the truth, the whole truth. the saudi explanation that he died
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in a fist fight has been all but rejected by many governments, and where is his body? europe's three major powers have now come together to condemn the killing in the strongest possible terms. their joint statement says. .. the foreign office is pleased that europe's key powers have spoken with a single voice, but tonight britain is under additional pressure to suspend weapons sales to the saudis. chancellor angela merkel has taken a lead and called a halt to germany's arms exports. translation: although they are limited, i agree with those who say arms sales cannot take place in the current circumstances. and saudi arabia is changing its story again.
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now admitting mr khashoggi was murdered in the consulate, but still their foreign minister insists his government doesn't know where the journalist's body is. we are determined to uncover every stone, we are determined to find out all the facts, and we are determined to punish those who are responsible for this murder. the world is waiting for turkey's president erdogan. his police and security services are leading the investigation and have already leaked stories of torture and murder. the president says he will reveal more on tuesday. translation: we are seeking justice and this incident will be entirely revealed, entirely. why did 15 people come to istanbul? why were 18 people arrested? this must be revealed in detail. so, will the slowly unfolding story increase suspicions about the role of this man, saudi arabia's crown prince mohammad bin salman? many people insist he must have
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authorised the targeting of his most influential critic, jamal khashoggi. and will major powers, including britain, really punish saudi arabia, a key energy supplier and a big spender too? most governments are delaying, waiting for more facts. they may not have much longer to wait. james robbins, bbc news. president trump has vowed to stop thousands of migrants, mostly from honduras, who are trying to get to the united states. the caravan of migrants crossed into guatemala earlier this month and have tried to enter southern mexico, many successfully. they now hope to head north, through mexico, and on to the united states. our correspondent aleem maqbool sent this report from the town of tapachula in mexico. there was no hiding thejoy there was no hiding the joy of these
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migrants as they surged past mexican police to continue their arduous journey north to america. we are now well inside mexico and, in spite of the odes and being on the road for more than a week, getting past the carmarthen security forces, having the gates shut in mexico. —— guatemala. they are determined to get to the united states. it becomes clear just how many get to the united states. it becomes clearjust how many people have made it across the border from what allah. all week donald trump has been demanding mexico stop the migrants. for a while, been demanding mexico stop the migrants. fora while, it looked like riot police would try. we saw them form lines and tried to hold up them form lines and tried to hold up the convoy. for a time the mood seemed tense but nobody here seemed to think it was the end of their journey to the us. we do not need ca i’s journey to the us. we do not need cars and buses, said this man, i
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started walking eight days ago and i will not stop here. says this man. we feel anna jones, we will keep going all the way to the us. —— energised. mexican police were given the order to stand down, return to the order to stand down, return to the buses and allowed the many hundreds of migrants to pass unhindered. over the weekend, hundreds of migrants to pass unhindered. overthe weekend, it hundreds of migrants to pass unhindered. over the weekend, it had looked like the mexican border might be in passable, with the gate closed and all the migrants stuck on the bridge. the scale of this convoy having been revealed. after coming so having been revealed. after coming so far, it was the breaking point for many. some are back on the bus to go back home. but we witnessed
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just how so many others avoided the authorities. their determination an obvious desperation to escape the life they let a hide in honduras compelling them to take brass across the border. we are looking the lack in another country because in our country we have none, this man tells us. country we have none, this man tells us. although the us has promised to ta ke us. although the us has promised to take in those seeking a better life in the past, a site like this will horrify many americans. but despite all the warnings and threats, more migrants are making their way here tojoin this migrants are making their way here to join this unwavering convoy. aleem maqbool. rachel schmidtke is with the mexico institute of the woodrow wilson international center in washington, and shejoins us now. we are used to seeing pictures of the mass movement of people but what we just saw
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the mass movement of people but what wejust saw in the mass movement of people but what we just saw in that report is quite extraordinary. why are these people travelling so far and wide in these formation, we are calling a caravan. the people are living from predominantly holland or as an guatemala, known as the northern triangle of central america, seeking a better life elsewhere. the situation in those countries, hayet murder rates, endemic poverty, distrust in the government. —— high. they may have a cousin or someone in the united states which could potentially integrate them into the us. the reason why we see such a large number is because it is safer to travel together, particularly travelling through mexico. there is
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quite a lot of crimes against migrants at most crimes against migrants at most crimes against migrants are not brought to justice. these caravans provide, in some way, a form of protection and solidarity. previous caravans we have seen have also had the motivation to draw attention to the plight of migrants, wanting to show the world why they are seeking a life elsewhere. mexico is the gateway here. do you think the authorities are doing right by these people? i think mexico is a trying. that bridge scene, there was escalating tension that mexico is making the attempt to receive these migrants in an orderly fashion, to provide legal entry but the sheer number might be beyond the capacity
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for the government to handle. i think mexico has in some ways have done what they can to process the claims and they are under quite a lot of pressure from the us to block the caravan but there is only so much they can do. the border is quite porous and they are able to ci’oss quite porous and they are able to cross into mexico through other routes. it is a complicated situation that mexico by not be able to fully handle. thank you very much for joining to fully handle. thank you very much forjoining us. stay with us on bbc news. still to come: adrenaline rush guaranteed, as hundreds of skydivers turn up to jump off one of the highest road bridges in north america. a historic moment that many of his victims have waited for for decades.
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the former dictator in the dock, older, slimmer, and as he sat down, obedient enough. dawn, and as the sun breaks through the piercing chill of night on the plain outside korem, it lights up a biblicalfamine, now, in the 20th century. the depressing conclusion — in argentina today, it is actually cheaper to paper your walls with money. we've had controversies in the past with great britain. but as good friends, we have always found a good and lasting solution. concorde bows out in style. after almost three decades in service, an aircraft that has enthralled its many admirers for so long taxis home one last time. this is bbc news.
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the latest headlines: australia's prime minister has issued a national apology to thousands of survivors of institutional child abuse. saudi arabia's foreign minister has described the killing ofjournalist jamal khashoggi as murder, but insisted his death was the result of a rogue operation. president putin says he wants the united states to explain why it's pulling out of a landmark nuclear weapons treaty. the agreement, signed thirty years ago, eliminated short to intermediate range nuclear missiles. president trump has accused moscow of developing a weapons system that violates the agreement. here's our north america correspondent chris buckler, and a warning there is flash photography in his report. this was a moment and an image that let the world know that the cold war was coming to an end. three decades ago,
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the then american president and soviet leader agreed the intermediate—range nuclear forces treaty that led to hundreds of missiles in both countries being destroyed, but that was a different era. while the nuclear threat isn't what it once was, for years, america has been concerned about russia's testing and deployment of a cruise missile that it says breaches the treaty. and with concerns that other countries including china aren't tied by the accord, donald trump says he's had enough. we're not going to let them violate a nuclear agreement and go out and do weapons and we're not allowed to. we're the ones that have stayed in the agreement, and we've honoured the agreement, but russia has not unfortunately honoured the agreement, so we're going to terminate the agreement and pull—out. the president has spent the week campaigning ahead
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of next month's crucial congressional elections. he has visited troops, posed with missiles, and now he's talking tough about russia. some will say he's thinking about domestic concerns as well as international ones, and there some members of his own republican party worried about mr trump undoing the work of one of his presidential predecessors. i think it is a big mistake to flippantly get out of this historic agreement that reagan and gorbachev signed. it was a big part of reagan's legacy and we should not get rid of it. the us national security adviserjohn bolton is visiting moscow where he will meet with russian leaders. they already know what he plans to say. over the last year, president putin has accused america of bad faith and attempting to destroy the treaty. translation: they are constantly searching for some violations from our side, and are consistently doing it themselves. mikhail gorbachev, who signed the treaty with ronald reagan, today warned that
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withdrawing from the agreement was a dangerous step backwards and threatens what was once seen as a historic leap forward. taiwan has a leader has described the derailment of a passenger train asa the derailment of a passenger train as a major tragedy after it left 18 people dead. about 170 others were injured after the train came off the tracks and overturned. is not immediately clear what caused the derailment called but sources local media that they had allowed noise and saw sparks and smoke. the practice of removing human excrement and sewage with people's bare hands was made illegal in india 25 years ago. but, the work continues. it's called manual scavenging in india, and the government estimates it's carried out by around 600,000 people.
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after a series of high profile deaths and protests our correspondent james clayton has looked into why this is still happening in modern india. this is work that would be unthinkable to most people. these workers are unclogging the dreams of india's rambling sewer network and blocking pipes filled with human excrement with their bare hands. last week in the protests after a string of high—profile deaths. this woman's partner was one of them. so who is responsible for deaths
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like that? she blamed that the man who hired him, often small—time subcontractors, like abdul, he told me how the process work. what he does is illegal, so we protect his identity. and then where do they come out? overhear? over there somewhere. the government has banned manual
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scavenging 25 years ago and set the committee into the practice. so other than to say it chairman to see how these deaths could be stopped. you don't have to pray to god because you are the man in charge, you can do something about it. the government believes that mechanisation is the answer at and in many parts of the country, people unblocking drains is the only option and that is a dangerous profession. as a pastime it involves a tremendous leap of faith. base—jumping, the one where someone jumps off a tall fixed structure, like a cliff or a skyscraper, and parachutes back to earth. it's increasingly popular, but not always legal. however, in the us state of west virginia, once a year, they let hundreds of people base jump off one of the highest road
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bridges in north america. the bbc‘s tim allman has more. believe it or not, but this is supposed to be fun. away they go, one after another, each of them proving that sir rice at newton knew exactly what he was talking about. must do it by themselves... —— sir i sat newton. but some joy of —— enjoy a little company. the biggest officially approved gathering of basejumpers officially approved gathering of base jumpers in the whole world. normally we have to stick around and find cliffs to jump off, normally we have to stick around and find cliffs tojump off, but normally we have to stick around and find cliffs to jump off, but for six hours once a find cliffs to jump off, but for six houi’s once a year, one find cliffs to jump off, but for six hours once a year, one day we get to come out here and do it legally. they were literally queueing up for the chance to jump into the great
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unknown and this was the picturesque venue. a bridge over the new river gorge in west virginia. more than 900 metres in length and a drop of more than 260 metres. no surprise some might want a little reassurance before they depart. from your perspective it looks crazy and risky. from my perspective there is a lot of methodical background that goes into it. the packing, everything about what we have done has led up to this. there were plenty of onlookers, preferring to observe rather than participate. who knows, maybe next year they will be willing to give it a go. either way, one thing is clear, what goes up really must come down. fun to watch, not sure about giving ita fun to watch, not sure about giving it a go. you're watching bbc news. join us again very soon. hello. we have had some walked in
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the sunshine this weekend, but by the sunshine this weekend, but by the end of the week things are looking much colder. mind that a moment. and slightly colder air behind sunday's cold front and north—westerly wind as a guest on monday. this area of high pressure isa dominant monday. this area of high pressure is a dominant feature to the week but that is this front is never too far away from the final of scotland. that will bring strong wind, outbreaks of rain to albany and shetland, some of that may filter to the highlands, but for much of scotland, northern ireland, england and wales, it is a dry and fires at the week. spells such a. a more cloud a western fringes to the afternoon and these are average win change to monday, strong gusts for northern and western scholars of the 15, 60 northern and western scholars of the 15,60 mph, northern and western scholars of the 15, 60 mph, locally 17. a windy day and a cool day, ten or 11 this. day across the weekend with high is generally do 12 and 1a celsius. for
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most, if they strike to the evening and overnight. more persistent rain working its way southwards across scotland, particular for northern and western scotland and those strong wind extend our northern england and northern ireland. further south if they stride but breezy. all this combined, it would not be as cold and i as one discourse of the between five and 10 celsius. more persistent rain for scotla nd celsius. more persistent rain for scotland on tuesday, courtesy of this front which is still here. noticed the squeeze in the isobars is the windy particle across scotland, northern ireland and into northern england. some strong wind compared to the week. and persistent rain particularly for northern and western scholars of it getting across to aberdeenshire, towards the borders. dry here and such a. cloud across north—west england and northern ireland, the best of the sunshine further south and east, temperatures up to 15 or 16 celsius. sauber damages for the eastern side of scotla nd sauber damages for the eastern side of scotland copy but a little as they are front has pulled later
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letters of them in the drier as much of scotland, one of two showers but then a fairly moist and flow they will generate a little more cloud of the most is a strike, there of ethos of the sunshine collected by go cossies aside and learn and damages after 1a as and 60 celsius. that mild air doesn't last very much longer, so this does to pull away as ago longer, so this does to pull away as a go towards the weekend, this plunge of arctic air pushing its way southwards. is ledville very much colder by friday and then into the weekend. those strong and cold northerly wind and the chance to see some snow in parts of scotland and northern england. this is bbc news. the headlines: australia's prime minister has delivered a national apology to victims of child sexual abuse. in a speech in parliament, scott morrison said australia had failed to listen, to believe and to provide justice. he also announced measures to better protect children. saudi arabia's foreign minister has described the killing
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of the journalist jamal khashoggi as murder. but he insisted it was the result of a rogue operation, and was not ordered by the crown prince. turkey's president says he will reveal what happened on tuesday. about 2,000 honduran migrants are continuing their march towards the united states after crossing into mexico. mexican police are monitoring the convoy but there were no attempts to block them. president trump says he's determined to stop what he called an onslaught of illegal aliens from entering the us. now on bbc news: the week in parliament.
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