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tv   Newsday  BBC News  November 1, 2018 1:00am-1:31am GMT

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welcome to newsday. i'm sharanjit leyl in singapore. the headlines: new detail on the murder of the journalist jamal khashoggi, a turkish prosecutor says he was strangled as soon as he entered the saudi consulate. pakistan's prime minister calls for calm after widespread protests when a court overturns a christian woman's blasphemy sentence. i'm babita sharma in london. also in the programme: campaigning in the us for the crucial midterms enters the final week in what's being seen as referendum on president trump. and the men told they would never walk again. but thanks to a revolutionary spinal technique, they now can. i think you've got to try to do the impossible to make the possible possible. i think we're doing that, and it feels good. good morning.
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it's 9am in singapore, 1o‘clock in the morning in london and 4am in turkey, where the authorities have been giving the first official account of how the saudi journalist jamal khashoggi met his death. the prosecutor in istanbul said that mr khashoggi was strangled shortly after entering the saudi consulate there four weeks ago. his body was then dismembered and in the words of the prosecutor, "destroyed". our correspondent mark lowen reports from istanbul. his murder has captivated and shocked, drawn demands for justice and shaken relations with saudi arabia. now the truth is emerging about jamal khashoggi's end after entering its istanbul consulate. it comes as saudi arabia's public prosecutor
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leaves, after fruitless talks here. turkish sources saying he was more interest in learning what evidence they had. in a statement, his turkish counterpart said no concrete results were achieved, and confirmed for the first time details of the murder. so mr khashoggi's remains may never be found, though turkish officials have been digging in this istanbul forest for traces. the saudis still haven't said where they were disposed of. the turkish authorities are growing increasingly frustrated with the lack of cooperation by saudi arabia as to what really went on here. riyadh has now rejected turkey's extradition request for the 18 saudis arrested there. so that is what has driven today's statement, anger at a sense of a cover—up by the saudi state. turkey wants its western allies
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to toughen their line. today, jeremy hunt defended his response, but said britain needed considered action given commercial ties with riyadh. the khashoggi murder is incredibly shocking, and i made it very clear that if the press stories were true, and it appears increasingly likely that they are true, then what happened would be completely contrary to our values. forjamal khashoggi fiance, hatice cengiz, seen here on their way to the consulate, every detail brings more heartbreak. she told the bbc of the little solace she can take. layers of the truth in this story are being unwrapped, but what lies at the core, staining the saudi kingdom, may never be exposed. mark lowen, bbc news, istanbul. let's take a look at some of the day's other news. indonesian rescuers believe they have detected a signal from the black box of the lion air plane which crashed on monday with 189 people on board.
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the boeing 737 max 8 went down shortly after it took off from jakarta and no survivors have been found. lion air's technical director has been sacked. the bbc‘s rebecca henschkey has the latest from jakarta. search—and—rescue teams that have come back say they're very close to being able to recover the main part of the plane... the bottom of the sea. also, to recover the black box. they're hearing the ping from that incident. once they receive that, they'll be able to hear the recordings that it contains as part of an investigation about what went wrong, why an almost—new plane crashed in broad daylight and in good weather. the government promising a full investigation, and the world watching to understand what went wrong. rebecca henschke, bbc news, jakarta. also making news this hour:
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the united states has called for a ceasefire in yemen and an end to airstrikes by the saudi—led coalition within thirty days. three years of civil war in the country has caused the world's worst humanitarian crisis. an investigation has been launched in france to look into why a number of babies were born without hands or arms, weeks after an initial inquiry closed. the first investigation began after it emerged more than a dozen children had been born with the condition in three french regions. the indian prime minister narendra modi has inaugurated the world's largest statue. the 182m figure, known as the statue of unity, is twice the size of the statue of liberty in new york. it portrays sardar patel, who played a key role in unifying india after independence in 1947. these pictures show japan's famous bullet trains or shinkansen, which whizz along at a hair—rasing 300km/h. one of japan's bullet
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train operators says it is now ending the rather unnerving practice of making mechanics crouch down in shallow trenches as trains speed past, just so that they can feel the strength of winds they generate. the exercise was introduced in 2015, after a piece of metal fell offa train. pakistan's prime minister, imran khan, has appealed for calm and condemned hardliners who have issued death threats against the country's supreme courtjudges. the court had acquitted a christian woman of blasphemy, overturning her death sentence. pakistan's strict blasphemy laws, which carry a potential death sentence for anyone insulting islam, have divided the country. our correspondent secunder kermani reports from islamabad. thousands of angry protesters have been gathering in cities across pakistan following this morning's verdict. they see it as a threat to the country's islamic identity.
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addressing the nation, though, prime minister imran khan warned others not to take to the streets. translation: these people are inciting you for their political gain. don't listen to them. they are not doing anything to serve islam. asia bibi has now spent nearly a decade injail. she lived in this small village to the west of lahore, where she was accused of blasphemy following an argument with a group of muslim women, a crime legally punishable by death in pakistan. the cleric who filed the case against her had this warning before the verdict was announced. translation: if the court sets aside the previous two verdicts and frees her, it will be a sign to people, you should take the law into your own hands. what began here as a local dispute rapidly escalated into an issue of international importance. the asia bibi case has become
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a symbol for the controversy surrounding pakistan's blasphemy laws. the division over the case has been stark. salman taseer, a prominent politician who spoke out in support of asia bibi, was murdered by his own bodyguard. today, outside court, there was tight security. asia bibi's supporters welcomed the ruling, but were afraid about what could happen next. now she is free, she can do whatever she feels like. she can enjoy her life as a free woman. can she stay in pakistan? will she stay in pakistan? i don't think so, that anybody once alleged for blasphemy can live in this country. no—one has ever actually been executed for blasphemy in pakistan, but dozens have been killed by lynch mobs or militants. asia bibi will be released in the coming days. many expect her to leave the country as soon as she can. secunder kermani,
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bbc news, islamabad. a man who was told he would spend the rest of his life in a wheelchair, has walked again, thanks to new research by scientists in switzerland. the 30 year—old, who was left paralysed after a martial arts accident, had an implant attached to his spine which boosts the signals from his brain to his legs. and against expectations, some of his damaged nerves seem to have regrown. the researchers hope to test the system in the uk and other parts of the world in 3 years time, as our science correspondent pallab ghosh explains. meet the men who were once paralysed. their remarkable recovery is due to a pioneering new technique developed in switzerland. david said he'd never walk again. now, among the foothills of the alps, he is able to travel more than half a mile. an implant around his spine has changed his life. to me, it means a lot.
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i think you've got to try to do the impossible, to make the possible possible. i'm surprised over and over again when we really get there. it's a lot of fun, and it feels very good. this is david training with his implant a year ago. ‘stim on‘ means it's turned on. when it's turned off, he can't move. back on, and he continues to walk. nerves in the spinal—cord send signals from the brain to the legs. some people are paralysed when they're damaged through injury. in most cases, there's still a small signal, but it's too weak to create movement. the implant boosts the signal, enabling david to walk. not only that, the restored movement seems to repair some of the damaged nerves. and here's the result. david walks eight paces with the implant turned off. what was very unexpected was the spinal—cord repair that we have observed. and we need to understand the underlying mechanism. what we have observed in animal model is that it seems that nerve fibres are growing again,
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that they are reconnecting the brain to the spinal—cord. david had his implant inserted by one of switzerland's leading neurosurgeons. he was paralysed for seven years, a chronic case. i've been working in the neuroscience now for a long time, and i know that when you have a spinal—cord injury, after a while, if there is no progress, it will remain like this. so what i noticed for the first time is a change, even in a chronic state, and that's, for me, something completely new. outside of the lab, in the real world, it's much harderfor david. without his electrical stimulation, he can only walk a few paces, so it's far away from being a cure. but the research does demonstrate that paralysis can be reversed, at least to some degree. the big question is by how much. sebastian had a cycling accident.
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before he came to work with the swiss team, he had no movement in his legs. the engineers here are sending pulses of electricity to specific parts of his spine to see which leg muscles they control. within a week, the team are able to calculate the timing and sequence of electrical pulses to support the signals from sebastien‘s brain to enable him to regain movement. he adapted this bike, which is powered mostly by his hand movements, but also his legs. such a feeling of freedom. everything is working together, and that helps you to be healthy for the rest of the day, the rest of the week and the rest of your life. gertjan was knocked over by a car seven years ago. he was found by passers—by, lying unconscious on the roadside. when he came to, on the day of his birthday, his doctors told him that he'd be paralysed for the rest of his life. well, i always dreamed of walking again, and now this dream
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is almost there. stem on. robotic voice: 0k. start message send to implant. david is the first patient to have benefited from the treatment. he can't keep the stimulation on all the time because it's too uncomfortable for long periods. the system isn't ready yet for everyday use. researchers say in the journal nature they hope to improve it, and plan to test it in the us and europe in three years' time. pallab ghosh, bbc news, lausanne. you're watching newsday on the bbc. still to come on the programme: as the first global conference on air pollution opens, we look at one of the worst affected countries, india. also on the programme: a maori welcome for prince harry and meghan, as their tour of new zealand ends. indira gandhi, ruler
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of the world's largest democracy, died today. only yesterday, she'd spoken of dying in the service of her country and said, "i would be proud of it. "every drop of my blood will contribute "to the growth of this nation." after 46 years of unhappiness, these two countries have concluded a chapter of history. no more suspicion, no more fear, no more uncertainty of what each day might bring. booster ignition and lift—off of discovery with a crew of six astronaut heroes and one american legend. well, enjoying the show is right. this is beautiful. a milestone in human history. born today, this girl in india is the seven billionth person on the planet. welcome back.
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this is newsday on the bbc. i'm sharanjit leyl in singapore. i'm babita sharma in london. our top stories: turkey has said that the journalist, jamal khashoggi was strangled as soon as he entered the saudi consulate in istanbul nearly a month ago. pakistan's prime minister has called for calm after protesters denounced a supreme court decision to overturn a christian woman's death sentence for blasphemy. let's take a look at some front pages from around the world. the south china morning post reports on the chinese government's attempts to lessen the effects of the trade war with the us. china's top leadership expressed support for the country's private enterprises and stock markets, in what the post calls the first public show of concern over slowing growth.
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the international edition of the new york times reports on new delhi's toxic smog. the paper says pollution generated by vehicle fumes, dust, and smoke from agricultural fires is putting millions at risk. we'll bring you more on this story later in the programme. finally, the japan times reports on annual halloween celebrations at the famous crossing outside shibuya station in tokyo. the paper says hundreds of police officers were mobilized for crowd control as throngs of revellers descended, in a range of spooky costumes. that brings you up—to—date with some
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of the papers. president trump has just held a rally in fort myers in florida, in the next six days he'll hold 11 more in eight states to support republican candidates. this was him addressing the large crowds. our correspondent chris buckler is on a whirlwind tour of his own, he is in oxford, mississippi, and told me more. it gives a real sense that donald trump himself believes he is someone who can really make a difference in these mid—term elections. he believes that in 2016, whenever he did that presidential election, going out and rallying his supporters, getting them out to vote, was a really big thing. at the same time, you need to remember this is not a presidential election. this is about individual candidates in individual states. at the same time, it could be argued that this is a referendum on donald trump. and there are some republicans worried that potentially donald trump, as he continues to talk tough on issues such as immigration, raising this issue, for example, of birthright
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citizenship, whether or not children born to parents not from the us, but born in america, should really be entitled to be citizens. that is one thing that potentially could cause republicans difficulty in states that are tight between republicans and democrats. some are encouraging to tone down the language. but the president things the best way to get people out to get out and talk and raise these kinds of issues like immigration that he has been successful with the past. what you from people in mississippi about how they are feeling ahead of the mid—term elections? well, this is an interesting place, because it is a very religious state. and it is one that has got a big republican support. talking to individuals, what i found quite interesting is there are quite a lot of christians who have some problems with the kind of language that donald trump has been using. some problems with, perhaps, revelations about donald trump's own personal life.
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but at the same time, it is issues like abortion, it is issues like christian conservative values, that sway them. and for some in the republican base, some of donald trump's messages are getting through. chris buckler in mississippi speaking to babita sharma early. a study by the world health organization has found that poisonous air is having a devastating impact on billions of children around the world, damaging their intelligence and leading to hundreds of thousands of deaths. the study found that more than 90% of the world's young people — 1.8 billion children — are breathing toxic air — and storing up a public health time bomb for the next generation. so how healthy is your journey to work? the bbc‘s reality check investigates the pollution levels on a commute to work in delhi. it is estimated that over 90% of the
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world's population breeds polluted airand that7 world's population breeds polluted air and that 7 million deaths each year are linked to air pollutant. delhi is one of the most polluted cities on earth —— pollution. it is equivalent to smoking more than a dozen cigarettes a day. people are advised to stay indoors as much as possible when pollution is severe. but for commuters that is often not an option. to certain types of transport expose you to higher amount of pollutants than others? research is in delhi try to find out just that. they estimated the amount ofair just that. they estimated the amount of air pollutant inhaled by commuters on different types of transport. they looked at small particulate matter. these are tiny air particles that you can't see but can make you sick. this is what they found. per kilometre travelled, the
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dose of inhaled pollutants was— walking, then cycling, travelling by bus, metro, rickshaw, and then by car. this is is when they b from —— by walking and cycling takes longer and the amount of their inhaled is high. briefing deeper in a polluted environment means inhaling more pollutants. the data collected in delhi showed that the intake of small particulates matter was nine times higher when cycling compared to travelling by car. are the findings from delhi applicable to commuting in other cities? broughill studies from around the world found that on average cycle is followed by pedestrians in the highest doses polluta nts pedestrians in the highest doses pollutants compared to those using mavrias transports. the high rate of inhalation during walking and cycling. that is an important distinction. overall pollutant levels in the air are higher in cars and buses, and lola for cyclists and
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pedestrians for these studies. should you did your bike if you live ina should you did your bike if you live in a polluted city? the authors say that the long—time benefits of physical activity al liby risks from air pollution. —— outweigh the risks. if you travel by car closing windows and switching to an internal ventilation can reduce pollution exposure. in all types of transport, proximity to transport matters. so what is it really like to live in a polluted city like delhi? devina gupta reports. i am in new delhi, at the heart of the world's fastest growing economy. but the air that i am breathing is filled with dust and smoke. you can see the blanket of smog on the government buildings behind me. that is because farmers burn crop stubble to prepare the ground for the next sowing season around this time of year. the wind picks up the pollutants which get locked in the city's air. adding to that is the regular pollution and the festive season and the fireworks burnt,
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which worsens the air quality. doctors say this is like smoking a0 cigarettes a day. when you cannot see is the particulate matter pm2.5 that enters the lungs when you breathe this air, causing a burning sensation in the eyes. the organisation says there are 11 such polluted cities in india. around 19 million people in delhi alone are breathing this air. but masks are being sold to prevent inhaling the toxic air. others choose to stay at home, leading to a major economic impact on businesses. the citizens of the country are starting a social media movement #arighttobreathe. they hope the government will take strong steps like shutting down factories and stopping construction work as the situation worsens. devina gupta, bbc news, new delhi. the duke and duchess of sussex have officially wrapped
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up their whirlwind two week tour of the south pacific, their first official overseas trip as a married couple. their last destination was new zealand where they were given a maori welcome. in total, the couple had 76 engagements during their 16—day tour which also included australia, tonga, and fiji. prince harry said the pair have had a great trip, which of course included the announcement the duke and duchess are expecting theirfirst child. you have been watching newsday. i'm babita sharma in london. and i'm sharanjit leyl in singapore. stay with us. it's been a tough month for the markets, but they're going into november with a bounce. we have more on that on asia business report. do you have a dog? i do. he is not
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the hound from hell, unlike those halloween dogs. did you dressed him up halloween dogs. did you dressed him upfor halloween dogs. did you dressed him up for halloween? he did have a wonderful time. we up for halloween? he did have a wonderfultime. we leave up for halloween? he did have a wonderful time. we leave you with a festival in new jersey wonderful time. we leave you with a festival in newjersey where they dress them up. see you at the bbc website. hello there. many parts of the country had a largely dry halloween evening, but the rain has begun to pep up across central and eastern areas. through the night, these weather fronts will affect much of the central and eastern side of the uk. further west, light winds and clear skies mean it will be a chilly start to this morning with some frost for northern ireland, mist and fog in western scotland. further south and east, because of more cloud rain, it will be a milder start with temperatures 7—10 degrees. this morning will be a soggy one through central and eastern areas. some of the rain will be heavy through the morning. but the band of rain heads east, becoming confined to the very far southeast.
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brighter skies to the west will filter through some areas. a few showers in western scotland, where there will be wind chill in the high ground, as their air will be cool. still fairly mild in the south and south—east, temperatures 11—12 at best. heading into friday, this ridge of high pressure means a fine start of the day, but to the west we see this deep area of low pressure, it is actually ex—hurricane oscar. it will be a chilly start to friday, with fog and mist around. lengthy spells of sunshine. later in the day, it goes downhill towards the west. increasing wind and rain. temperature—wise, double figures for many of us, just about, in the afternoon. not to bad given the sunshine. this deep area of low pressure skirts past the north—west of the uk. it will some very windy weather friday night and saturday across the northern half the country, with a band of rain affecting northern ireland, scotland, and into western parts of england and wales. but many parts of eastern england, the south—east, should see dry all day, with good spells of sunshine.
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a gusty day across the board with very windy conditions in the northwest. potentially disruptive wind gusts of 60 miles an hour. but temperature—wise in the mid—teens celsius across the board. ex—hurricane oscar clears northwards saturday night into sunday. we look to this next area of low pressure which will push up into the south. this will be not as intense as we expect on saturday, but could bring windy weather to the south—west corner with outbreaks of rain across a good portion of england and wales. some heavy in the south—west. sunshine for scotland and northern ireland with lighter winds there. temperatures 12—14 degrees. so yes, the weekend will be mild, especially on saturday. windy at times on saturday. gales in places. some rain around but also some sunshine. i'm babita sharma with bbc world news. our top story: turkey has said that the journalist, jamal khashoggi was strangled as soon as he entered the saudi consulate in istanbul nearly a month ago. the prime minister of pakistan has appealed for calm after demonstrors blockaded streets in protest at the acquittal of a christian woman who'd been sentenced to death for blasphemy. and this video is trending on a ship manoeuvering
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into port in barcelona crashed into the huge crane on the dockside. strong winds are believed to have made it difficult to steer the ship. luckily nobody was injured. and donald trump has appeared in florida as the countdown begins on the six days to go to the us mid—term elections. stay with us, more on bbc news. and the top story in the uk: the british pharmaceutical company,
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