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tv   BBC News  BBC News  November 1, 2018 4:00am-4:30am GMT

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welcome to bbc news, broadcasting to viewers in north america and around the globe. my name is mike embley. our top stories: new detail on the murder of the journalist jamal khashoggi. a turkish prosecutor says he was strangled as soon as he entered the saudi consulate. with the us midterm elections less than a week away, president trump puts himself at the centre of the campaign. more than 90% of the world's children are breathing toxic air, according to a new study by the world health organisation. france has launched a national investigation into the high number of babies being born with missing arms or hands, weeks after an initial inquiry closed. authorities in turkey have been giving their first official account of how the saudi journalist and government criticjamal khashoggi met his death.
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the prosecutor in istanbul now says he was strangled immediately after he entered the saudi consulate in istanbul 4 weeks ago. his body was then dismembered, and in the words of the prosecutor, "destroyed, in line with plans made in advance". the bbc‘s mark lowen reports from istanbul. his murder has captivated and shocked, drawn demands for justice and shaken relations with saudi arabia. now the truth is emerging about jamal khashoggi's end after entering its istanbul consulate. it comes as saudi arabia's public prosecutor leaves after fruitless talks here. turkish sources saying he was more interest in learning what evidence they had. in a statement, his turkish counterpart said no concrete results were achieved, and confirmed for the first time details of the murder. so mr khashoggi's remains may never
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be found, though turkish officials have been digging in this istanbul forest for traces. the saudis still haven't said where they were disposed of. the turkish authorities are growing increasingly frustrated with the lack of cooperation by saudi arabia as to what really went on here. riyadh has now rejected turkey's extradition request for the 18 saudis arrested there. so that is what has driven today's statement, anger at a sense of a cover—up by the saudi state. turkey wants its western allies to toughen their line. today, jeremy hunt defended his response, but said britain needed considered action given commercial ties with riyadh. the khashoggi murder is incredibly shocking, and i made it very clear that if the press stories were true, and it appears increasingly likely that they are true, then what happened would be completely contrary to our values. forjamal khashoggi fiance,
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hatice cengiz, seen here on their way to the consulate, every detail brings more heartbreak. she told the bbc of the little solace she can take. layers of the truth in this story are being unwrapped, but what lies at the core, staining the saudi kingdom, may never be exposed. mark lowen, bbc news, istanbul. let's get some of the day's other news. with its alliance with
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saudi arabia under pressure over the khashoggi murder, the united states has called for a ceasefire in yemen. the us secretary of state and the defence secretary have urged the saudi—led coalition to end airstrikes there within thirty days. three years of a proxy war has caused the world's worst humanitarian crisis. the pressure group human rights watch is saying that sexual abuse against women in north korea is so common it has just become part of ordinary life. researchers interviewed 5a women and 8 former party officials who recently defected from north korea. they said unwanted sexual contact and violence is pervasive and there are few ways to report it. a new study has warned that the world's oceans have absorbed 60% more heat in the past 25 years than previously thought, undermining efforts to limit global warming. writing in the journal nature, they say this means the earth is warming more than expected, in response to greenhouse gas emissions. just 6 days now until the mid term elections in the us and for many the political battles for congressional seats are as much
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about local issues as national concerns. president trump himself is not on the ballot next tuesday. but many voters clearly see it as a referendum on him, and his schedule included a rally in florida this evening. ii rallies in 8 states, altogether, in support of republican candidates. in fort myers a short while ago, he again lauded his own achievements and once more talked of an end to automatic citizenship for migrants born on american soil. congress has never passed a law requiring birthright citizenship for illegal aliens, and the constitution does not... i say that to the media.. does not require it, read it, because illegal aliens are not subject to the jurisdiction of the united states. cheering democratic hopes of winning one or even both houses of congress rest partly on suburban women, alienated, perhaps, by president trump's rhetoric. in states such as newjersey they are mobilizing, but enough to make a difference in the ballot box? the bbc‘s nick bryant has been finding out.
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it's in the suburbs of america's major cities that the battle for the house of representatives is being fought. residential havens like the 11th district of newjersey, where this time of year the houses are festooned with phantoms and the lawns are studded with placards. these ones are really heavy! let's try to lift one. amidst all the pumpkins, an emergent pink wave of female activists who've never before been involved in politics. erin chung used to work for the trump organization, but now heads up a women's group trying to turn this republican seat democrat. across—the—board, democrat and republican women are just sick of his misogynistic comments about women. they're sick of the way that he treats women like second—class citizens, and they're ready to do something about it. donald trump remains popular amongst
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the blue collar voters who helped win him the presidency, but there's a lot of white—collar discontent in the suburbs about his tone and his style. amongst more affluent voters, amongst more highly—educated voters, and, especially, amongst female voters. when democrats gathered to canvas this neighbourhood, three quarters of the volunteers were women. so there are three people up here that we need to talk to. eleanor siegel comes from a republican family, and has voted republican in the past. but not this time. are you saying you're angry? yeah, very angry. does trump anger you? does trump anger me? i think i've gotten past that. it's beyond anger. he motivates me. before the navy let me fly one of these, i had to pass a lot of tests. the democrats are fielding a record—breaking number of female candidates. here it's mikie sherrill, a former navy helicopter pilot. and at a time when the party
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is moving to the left, they've tried to field moderates in these republican—held seats. ..and get the job done. but this race, like so many others, is close. and at this republican rally for their congressional candidate, female voters were untroubled by the president's often—insulting behaviour towards women. i have no problem with donald trump. i love donald trump, and that's why i'm here today. i support him. i support him, 100%. suburban women are supposed to be deserting donald trump. they're not asking suburban women. they're not asking me. i'm not. i support the president. pink wave or not, this election looks like reinforcing the realignment of american politics, where democratic strength is concentrated in the cities and their suburbs, and donald trump's america lies beyond. nick bryant, bbc news, newjersey. a short time ago i spoke to our correspondent chris buckler who's in hernando, mississippi, he told me what the feeling is there among the electorate.
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support from. they recognise that he has flaws and sometimes they get worried about the kind of aggressive language that he can use, but fundamentally, they believe some of the policies he is pushing. if you look at that hole supreme court row that was happening about cavenagh, they ultimately supported president trump in that because they believe issues like abortion, it is something they don't believe in, that right to life maybe something that right to life maybe something that he will defend a. those
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fundamental christian values play really well here, as opposed to the cities, in new york, in new york —— newjersey, and urban areas. and like it or not, president trump is on the ballot for it. this in some ways is a referendum on donald trump. he has been out again at yet another rabbit —— rally, this time in florida and one of many coming up to the mid—term. he is on the road and is campaigning extremely hard as if he were a candidate, but in some ways the republican party know he will win it or lose it for them and control of congress is so very important. he again is bringing up those core issues that plays to his base. again talking about immigration, about sending troops to the border, suggesting that even the troops could rise to 15,000, such he believes is the threat from those
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coming in those caravan of migrants to the border. of course, there doesn't appear to be any threat at the minute and the deployment potentially won't last as long as by the time those migrants are right. it gives you a sense that politics is being played here and would much everything donald trump says and everything donald trump says and everything he does. very briefly, talking about the caravan, if it arrives at all, until weeks after the election, but somehow it has become an issue. it certainly has. the interesting thing from talking to people is that they seem concerned about it. they do seem to be buying into the rhetoric, certainly from the point of view from core republicans. those at the base. there are some candidates in areas where it is potentially quite tight fitting —— between republicans and democrats and they worried donald trump's words could backfire. we will only know on tuesday, come
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election night. french health authorities are investigating what may be causing a spate of malformations of babies, born without hands orarms, in some areas of the country. in total 18 cases have been reported over 1a years in an area north of the city of lyon. there are two other clusters in the west. lebo diseko has the story. louis was born without his right—hand. during her pregnancy, his mother lived in the french region of ain, where a number of similar cases of children born without arms or hands have since been reported. his condition wasn't picked up until birth, and even then doctors couldn't tell his parents what had caused it, only that it wasn't genetic. translation: after his birth, a geneticist confirmed that the malformation was not genetic. she told me he was born with a birth defect, and that's all. later i heard about those other cases, and i understood there was something else hidden in this. injuly, concerns were raised about a possible surge in such cases
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in ain after reports from local doctors. the regional health authority found there were seven cases over six years, all born near each other. in early october, public health france found the number of cases was not significantly higher than the national average. it dismissed claims of a link between them after failing to identify a common cause. but on wednesday, it said 11 new cases had been discovered in ain, dating back to the year 2000. that makes a total of 18 cases over 1a years in the region. there are also concerns about the number of babies born with these abnormalities in loire—atlantique and brittany regions to the west of the country. some activists suspect pesticides used in farming could be a factor, but scientists are sceptical. for now, the health authority doesn't know what the cause is, or even if there's a link. translation: it can have a chromosomal origin, a medical or enviromental cause, or it could even be originated
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by mixed causes, but at this moment, we don't have any lead that would allow us to advance the investigation. public health france says it's looking into all the cases and hopes have results in three months. lebo diseko, bbc news. stay with us on bbc news. still to come: the amazing story of how a spinal implant helped three paralysed men walk again. indira gandhi, ruler of the world's largest democracy, died today. only yesterday, she'd spoken of dying in the service of her country and said, "i would be proud of it. "every drop of my blood will contribute "to the growth of this nation." after 46 years of unhappiness, these two countries have concluded a chapter of history. no more suspicion, no more fear, no more uncertainty of what each day might bring. booster ignition and lift—off of discovery
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with a crew of six astronaut heroes and one american legend. well, enjoying the show is right. this is beautiful. a milestone in human history. born today, this girl in india is the seven billionth person on the planet. this is bbc world news. the latest headlines: turkey has said that the journalist, jamal khashoggi was strangled as soon as he entered the saudi consulate in istanbul nearly a month ago. a study by the world health organisation has found that poisonous air is having a devastating impact on billions of children around the world, damaging their intelligence and leading to hundreds
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of thousands of deaths. the study found that more than 90% of the world's young people — 1.8 billion children — are breathing toxic air — and storing up a public health time bomb for the next generation. devina gupta reports from india. i am in new delhi, at the heart of the world's fastest growing economy, but the air that i am breathing is filled with dust and smoke. you can see the blanket of smog on the government buildings behind me. the main reason for that is farmers burn crops doubled to prepare the ground for the next sowing season around this time of year. the winds pick up the pollutants, which get locked in the city's air. adding to that is the regular pollution and the festive season and the fireworks burnt, which worsens the air quality. doctors say it's like smoking a0 cigarettes a day. when you cannot see is the particulate matter pm2.5 that enters lungs when you breathe this air, causing a burning sensation and irritation in the eyes.
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according to the world health organization, india is home to 11 such polluted cities. around 19 million people in delhi alone are breathing this air, leading to respiratory diseases. but masks are being sold to prevent inhaling the toxic air. on the other hand, many are choosing to stay at home, leading to a major economic impact on businesses. the citizens of the country are starting a social media movement, #arighttobreathe. they hope the government will take strong steps like shutting down factories and stopping construction work as the situation worsens. devina gupta, bbc news, new delhi. we bring you this, coming in from
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the reuters news agency. injakarta, indonesia, divers have retrieved a black box. we are told they brought it back to a ship on the surface. one of the divers has been speaking to reuters and say they have got the black box. it is not clear from the reports, this box is orange in colour and intact, they have not said whether it is the flight data recorder or the cockpit voice recorder. you are seeing some of the debris on the dockside of the plane that went down on monday, with 189 people on board. a boeing 737 that crashed shortly after takeoff from jakarta. no survivors have been found. line—out‘s technical director has been sacked. according to reuters, indonesian divers have retrieved one of the recorders from the lion airjet and brought it back to the surface —— lion air's technical director has been sacked.
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a man who was told he would spend the rest of his life in a wheelchair has walked again, thanks to new research by scientists in switzerland. he was left paralysed by a martial arts accident but an implant attached to his spine now boosts the signals from his brain to his legs. and against expectations some of his damaged nerves seem to have regrown. researchers hope to test the system in the uk and other parts of the world within three years, as our science correspondent pallab ghosh explains. meet the men who were once paralysed. their remarkable recovery is due to a pioneering new technique developed in switzerland. david david mzee said he'd never walk again. now, among the foothills of the alps, he is able to travel more than half a mile. an implant around his spine has changed his life. to me, it means a lot. i think you've got to try to do the impossible, to make the possible possible. i'm surprised over and over again when we really get there. it's a lot of fun, and it feels very good. this is david training with his implant a year ago.
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‘stim on‘ means it's turned on. when it's turned off, he can't move. back on, and he continues to walk. nerves in the spinal—cord send signals from the brain to the legs. some people are paralysed when they're damaged through injury. in most cases, there's still a small signal, but it's too weak to create movement. the implant boosts the signal, enabling david to walk. not only that, the restored movement seems to repair some of the damaged nerves. and here's the result. david walks eight paces with the implant turned off. what was very unexpected was the spinal—cord repair that we have observed. and we need to understand the underlying mechanism. what we have observed in animal model is that it seems that nerve fibres are growing again, that they are reconnecting the brain to the spinal—cord. david had his implant inserted
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by one of switzerland's leading neurosurgeons. he was paralysed for seven years, a chronic case. i've been working in the neuroscience now for a long time, and i know that when you have a spinal—cord injury, after a while, if there is no progress, it will remain like this. so what i noticed for the first time is a change, even in a chronic state, and that's, for me, something completely new. outside of the lab, in the real world, it's much harderfor david. without his electrical stimulation, he can only walk a few paces, so it's far away from being a cure. but the research does demonstrate that paralysis can be reversed, at least to some degree. the big question is by how much. sebastian had a cycling accident. before he came to work with the swiss team, he had no movement in his legs. the engineers here are sending pulses of electricity to specific
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parts of his spine to see which leg muscles they control. within a week, the team are able to calculate the timing and sequence of electrical pulses to support the signals from sebastien‘s brain to enable him to regain movement. he adapted this bike, which is powered mostly by his hand movements, but also his legs. such a feeling of freedom. everything is working together, and that helps you to be healthy for the rest of the day, the rest of the week and the rest of your life. gertjan was knocked over by a car seven years ago. he was found by passers—by, lying unconscious on the roadside. when he came to, on the day of his birthday, his doctors told him that he'd be paralysed for the rest of his life. well, i always dreamed of walking again, and now this dream is almost there. stem on. robotic voice: 0k. start message send to implant. david is the first patient to have benefited from the treatment. he can't keep the stimulation
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on all the time because it's too uncomfortable for long periods. the system isn't ready yet for everyday use. researchers say in the journal nature they hope to improve it, and plan to test it in the us and europe in three years' time. pallab ghosh, bbc news, lausanne. the indian prime minister narendra modi has inaugurated the world's largest statue. the statue of unity, 182 metres high, is twice the size of the statue of liberty in new york. it portrays sardar patel, who played a key role in unifying india after independence in 19117. but there are protests over the cost of the statue and some local people are demanding compensation for the land used. the duke and duchess of sussex have wrapped up their two—week tour of the south pacific, their first official overseas trip as a married couple.
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their last destination was new zealand, where they were given a maori welcome. the couple had 76 engagements on a 16—day tour which also took in australia, tonga and fiji. prince harry said they'd had a great trip, which included the announcement that they're expecting their first child. let's bring you some breaking news again. coming in from a reuters news agency. indonesian divers have retrieved a black box from a lion airjet that crashed into the sea this week with 189 aboard and brought it back to a ship on the surface, one of the divers told media on thursday. lion air's technical director was sacked just recently. the divers have found a box on the seabed, dudded out of the debris, all in ——
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orange in colour, they are saying, they have not specified whether it is the flight data recorder or the cockpit voice recorder. more will come out on that. we reported earlier that indonesian search teams believed they had detected a signal. we understand they have retrieved a recorder from the jet and brought it back to a ship on the surface. more on that to come. a reminder of our top story: president trump has been speaking at a rally in florida in the first in a string of campaign appearances in the run—up to the midterm elections. he told his supporters that the democrat challengers had no policy other than to resist his vision for america. in the next six days he'll hold eleven more rallies to support republican candidates. that is it for now. much more on the bbc website. thank you for watching. hello there.
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many parts of the country had a largely dry halloween evening, but the rain has begun to pep up across central and eastern areas. through the night, these weather fronts will affect much of the central and eastern side of the uk. further west, light winds and clear skies mean it will be a chilly start to this morning with some frost for northern ireland, mist and fog in western scotland. further south and east, because of more cloud rain, it will be a milder start with temperatures 7—10 degrees. this morning will be a soggy one through central and eastern areas. some of the rain will be heavy through the morning. but the band of rain heads east, becoming confined to the very far southeast. brighter skies to the west will filter through some areas. a few showers in western scotland, where there will be wind chill in the high ground, as their air will be cool. still fairly mild in the south and south—east, temperatures 11—12 at best. heading into friday, this ridge of high pressure means a fine start of the day, but to the west we see this deep area of low pressure,
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it is actually ex—hurricane oscar. it will be a chilly start to friday, with fog and mist around. lengthy spells of sunshine. later in the day, it goes downhill towards the west. increasing wind and rain. temperature—wise, double figures for many of us, just about, in the afternoon. not to bad given the sunshine. this deep area of low pressure skirts past the north—west of the uk. it will some very windy weather friday night and saturday across the northern half the country, with a band of rain affecting northern ireland, scotland, and into western parts of england and wales. but many parts of eastern england, the south—east, should see dry all day, with good spells of sunshine. a gusty day across the board with very windy conditions in the northwest. potentially disruptive wind gusts of 60 miles an hour. but temperature—wise in the mid—teens celsius across the board. ex—hurricane oscar clears northwards saturday night into sunday. we look to this next area of low pressure which will push up into the south. this will be not as intense as we expect on saturday,
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but could bring windy weather to the south—west corner with outbreaks of rain across a good portion of england and wales. some heavy in the south—west. sunshine for scotland and northern ireland with lighter winds there. temperatures 12—14 degrees. so yes, the weekend will be mild, especially on saturday. windy at times on saturday. gales in places. some rain around but also some sunshine. this is bbc news. the headlines: indonesian divers are telling the media they have retrieved a flight recorder from the plane crash on friday. they brought it to a ship on the surface, it is apparently intact, but no confirmation whether it is the flight recorder or the cockpit voice recorder.
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authorities in turkey have given their first official account of how they believe the saudi writer and government criticjamal khashoggi was murdered. they say he was strangled immediately after he entered the saudi consulate in istanbul 4 weeks ago. his body was then dismembered and destroyed, they say, "in line with plans made in advance". president trump has been speaking at a rally in florida in the first in a string of campaign appearances in the last week before the midterm elections, which could decide which party controls congress. now on bbc news, hardtalk.
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