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tv   Our World  BBC News  November 4, 2018 9:30pm-10:01pm GMT

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this is bbc world news. uk police are investigating one of the leading donors for the brexit campaign. businessman aaron banks — on suspicion that he may have broken guidelines on election spending. mr banks says his £8 million donation was within the rules. there have been rallies across iran with protesters denouncing american sanctions that come into force on monday. they‘ re being imposed following president trump's decision earlier this year to pull out of the international nuclear deal with iran. at least 12 people have died in floods on the island of sicily. nine of them were from two families trapped in the same house. the italian prime minister has called the flooding "an immense tragedy". a week of commemorations marking 100 years since the end of the first world war is under way in france. president macron joined his german counterpart in strasbourg for a concert in the cathedral at ten o'clock mishal hussain will be here with a full round up of the days‘ news. first, our world investigates whether a new orthodox church will further divide ukraine. from the ruins of war, destruction
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and death, history is made. a new church is born and, for many ukrainians, a cherished victory is won over russia. i have come to ukraine, a country at war for four years. there are 3,800 images here. 3,800 soldiers who have lost their lives in a war that most ukrainians blame on russian aggression. centuries—old ties are being severed here between two peoples, and there is a new battleground — religion. what are you doing here?
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these people don't love ukraine, they is russia. do you think those relations with russian friends can be repaired? no, no. ukrainians can't forgive these deaths. can ukraine and its new church now build a country of unity and understanding, or are the scars and divisions just too deep? i'm with a priest of the ukrainian orthodox church. father nikolai is taking me to steal a look at the church that was his for decades. and this is your church of almost a0 years? like many priests here, father nikolai is part of the
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moscow patriarchate — a branch of the orthodox church with historic ties to russia. and that has turned him into an outcast in his own community, by those who want those ties cut. is this where you raised your children? nikolai's church and home have been taken over by a growing ukrainian 0rthodox church — the kyiv patriarchate. how do you feel when you see it now? for decades, the kyiv patriarchate
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has been in the shadow of the more powerful moscow patriarchate. but now it is on the brink of recognition by most of the global 0rthodox community, led by the patriarch of constantinople, breaking over three centuries of spiritual domination here by russia. driven by popular anger at the russian orthodox church's support of vladimir putin and his military intervention in ukraine. but for many of the 12,000 churches here affiliated to the moscow patriarchiate, this split has been traumatic. father nikolai's difficulties began a year ago. father nikolai's faithful now gather in the living room of his home, chanting as they have through thick and thin in soviet times, and in the 27 years of a free, independent ukraine. father nikolai's faithful now gather
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in the living room of his home, chanting as they have through thick and thin in soviet times, and in the 27 years of a free, independent ukraine. the concern is that you are not loyal to ukraine if you follow the moscow patriarchate. father nikolai and helena are not only proud of being ukrainian, their own son pavlov fought for his country against russian—backed rebels in the east of ukraine. you say they blame you for what is
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happening in the east, do you think that russia is doing the right thing in the east? at the other end of the country, in the east, ukraine is still at war. large swathes of territory are held by russian—backed rebels and i am being driven to the frontline, where a shaky ceasefire prevails. my driver is another priest, father sergei dimitriev. the war has made him switch
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from moscow to the kyiv patriarchate. he now serves as a chaplain for the ukrainian army. it's sunday and we have come to this village, a virtual ghost town just behind the front line.
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home now to the brigade sergei is attached to, all the way from the far west of the country. it is his job to support them when every day could be their last. there are virtually no differences between moscow and kyiv patriarchate rituals, but there are no moscow patriarchate chaplains serving in the ukrainian army. why did you leave the moscow patriarchate and join the kyiv patriarchate? word has come through that things are quiet on the front line.
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and the patriotic music is playing as sergei heads off to forward positions. the trenches here mark where the ukrainian forces stopped the pro—russian advance in 2014. a soldier called andriy is on duty, he tells father sergei he is not much of a church—goer. hundreds of miles from the frontline in ukraine's capital, kiev, the experience of war has left its mark on many people's lives. every week, the kyiv patriarchate provides a room for some of those who feel the need to talk. tonight, it is the turn of the group of veterans wives. they have agreed to tell me something of how the war has affected them.
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i told my little son, he was three years old, i told him that our daddy goes to defend our country because there is war and my son understands it and says "mummy, i am with you". when this war began, did you think it would be as brutal as it has been and would last for as long as it has? and how conflicted were you then, as a family? do you think those relations
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with russia and russian friends can be repaired? i think no. because war is a big, big trauma. 11,000 people were killed. 11,000 of ukrainians. and i think that ukrainians can't forgive these deaths. back in western ukraine, there have been reports of more moscow patriarchate property being taken over, and the word is that it has been getting ugly. singing b it is a sunday service
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at the church of the holy trinity at bohorodchany. and father volodymyr shuvar is delivering his weekly sermon. but this week and he has something alarming to report, the local authorities have seized some of the churches premises. father volodymyr shuvar and the moscow patriarchate have run
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the church of the holy trinity since 1992. in 2001, volodymyr and his family were granted the use of rooms in the towns music schools next door. is is until the summer when the town authorities ordered the premises to be returned and according to the father, took them by force. the local authorities here have told us that actually, what they have taken away is the music school, which never really belonged to you and this has nothing to do with the church and your faith and who you follow.
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father volodymyr‘s account of what happened is disputed. but something unpleasant was happening around the church. father volodymyr took me to the door leading to the rooms the authorities had taken away. an official seal forbidding entry. but we were being watched. hello.
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don't speak english. don't speak english? what are you doing here? who sent you here? what do you want from a priest and his congregation? 0ur exchange was over. no more questions or explanations. father volodymyr and his wife fear their church may be taken next. but they are from the area, and have a congregation to cater to. so what happens now? the bohorodchany town administration says they have no intention of taking the church. but with the red and
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black nationalist flag on the building, sometimes adopted by far right anti—russian groups here, and more intimidating young men in evidence in front, i wonder where the authorities‘ sympathies might really lie. on my way into the building i see a familiar face, the self—styled "ukrainian patriot" waiting to see the administration head, franko ezhak. who are the young men who were parked outside the church? because one of the guys who has been sitting outside here the last few days that we have been here is actually outside your office right now. these young men are just choosing to sit outside in a very aggressive,
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threatening manner, off their own back? no one has asked them to do this? what you think, though, about the moscow patriarchate? today's tension is not the first between ukraine and russia in these areas. in the centre of town stands a memorial to ukrainians who died fighting soviet occupation of western ukraine after world war ii. and that is where i finally get to speak to 0leh, who had been watching father volodymyr‘s church. do you view them as unpatriotic?
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as traitors? meanwhile in kiev, the temperature has been rising. thousands of ukrainian nationalists marched the streets of the capital, proof for moscow of a rising tolerance here. —— rise in intolerance. in russia, the orthodox church has announced it is cutting all ties with the world 0rthodox community, for plans to recognise an independent ukrainian church. i asked the 89—year—old head of the kiev patriarchate, filaret, whether the goal of independence was creating more tension in an already divided country. and for filaret, it is the war
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in the east of ukraine that has brought about the possibility. the military chaplain, father sergei, is back in kiev.
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he has something special to show me, on a wall commemorating the lives of 3800 ukrainian soldiers who have died in action since 2014. when you hear stories like that and see these images of 3800 men, did you ever think relations with russia could be repaired? hard steps will need to be taken for all ukraine to move on from a harrowing conflict with its closest
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neighbour. hard steps will need to be taken for all ukraine to move on from a harrowing conflict with its closest neighbour. the authorities seem determined that a new church will be part of thatjourney — whether they take the whole of this divided country with them or not. that transition has been taking place through the weekend, this swirl of cloud is what was hurricane 0scar, some strong winds to parts of the uk, it has been having an impact
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on thejet the uk, it has been having an impact on the jet stream. notice how we had this independent lating pattern, like a roller—coaster and it limits the ex ward extend of the weather system. it is pulling up some much milderairand it is system. it is pulling up some much milder air and it is this air we will keep through the week ahead. we start monday, with a front draped across the western side of the uk, pulling away from south—west england, wales and northern ireland, and bringing some of the most persistent rain in northern and western scotland. as it pulls away western scotland. as it pulls away we will see drier condition, variable amount of cloud, bright or supy variable amount of cloud, bright or supy spells, maybe a scatter of showers but the winds won't be nearly as strong as the weekend. these are average speeds through monday afternoon and it will feel very mild for the beginning of november, temperatures widely between 10 and 144 celsius, 15 or 16 for east anglia and south—east england, on into tuesday, and we still have these fronts to the west of the uk, making very little progress eastwards so the qlefs and
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most persistent of the rain, western wales into northern ireland, also, western parts of scotland, wild further east it stays dry. temperatures up to 14 and 16 celsius. and a gentle to noted moderate breeze on tuesday. the wind start to pick up on wednesday, this time a front starts to push further east ward, overnight into wednesday morning so outbreaks of rain, eastern pars of england and scot for a time. fairly patchy but the most persistent of the rain will be the further west you are. perhaps some rain for coastal counties of southern england on wednesday. now as we go into thursday, you have a brief ridge of high pressure so for a time we could see a chillier night. a touch of frost if places ahead of the neck front again, pushing in from the west, on thursday this is where it is probably going to stay so outbreaks of rain, clearing from northern ireland, scotland probably having a
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reasonable day and sunshine ahead of this, across central and eastern parts but the temperatures just starting to come down. back to our jet stream for the end of the week. notice how it is a more direct route across the atlantic now and that is going to change the pattern as we go towards the end of the week. 0pening up towards the end of the week. 0pening up the doors to a more westerly wind, so, mild, but slightly cooler, than what we have been seeing all week. 0utbreaks than what we have been seeing all week. 0utbrea ks of than what we have been seeing all week. outbreaks of rain, pulling away from the east, so there will be some bright or sunny spells but a much more noticeable wind on friday. these are average speeds, likely to see stronger gusts for western faces costs a nd see stronger gusts for western faces costs and the temperatures that were up costs and the temperatures that were up to 15 or16, costs and the temperatures that were up to 15 or 16, down to between 10 and 13 celsius but still mild given the time of year. looking ahead into the time of year. looking ahead into the weekend, we have our area of low pressure to the north—west of the uk, we have the wind coming in from off the atlantic, west or south—westerly in direction, notice the isobars are still close together so the isobars are still close together so it will be windy at times and there will be outbreaks of rain. that is the theme we keep, westerly
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wind, a little cooler than this week and still wet and windy at time, thatis and still wet and windy at time, that is all from me. bye. the businessman arron banks is accused of bluster and contradiction over his donation to a pro—brexit campaign. £8 million is being investigated by the national crime agency. mr banks says it was within the rules on political donations. i'm telling you, it came from a uk company that had cash generated in the uk.
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