tv BBC News at One BBC News November 5, 2018 1:00pm-1:31pm GMT
four murders in five days in london — scotland yard say hundreds more officers will be deployed in the capital. all the latest murder victims have been stabbed to death — community leaders say families have suffered enough. i'm concerned for the young people, for theirfamilies... ..how much trauma the families have to go through when a tragedy of this nature occurs. i'm concerned for the future of a generation. the mayor of london says it could take a generation to turn the tide of knife crime in the capital. also this lunchtime... mass protests in iran as the us imposes what is says are the toughest sanctions yet. donald trump and barack obama both on the campaign trail with just hours to go until america's crucial mid—term elections. torches are lit around the tower of london to mark since the end of the first world war. 100 years
since the end of the first world war. and i'm in amiens remembering a soldier who dreamt of of peace. and a growing row over rooney — does he deserve another chance to play for england? and coming up on bbc news... floyd mayweather, unbeaten as a boxer, now a professional mixed martial arts fighter — after signing a contract to fight injapan on new year's eve. —— of a path of peace. hello, good afternoon and welcome to the bbc news at one. hundreds more police officers are being deployed on the streets of london after four murders in five days. the metropolitan police say it's
been a "terrible" few days in the capital. the total number of killings in london so far this year is 118. the mayor of london says it could take a decade to deal with the problem of violent crime. richard galpin reports from the scene of one of the latest murders. this is where a 15—year—old jay hughes was fatally stabbed here in lewisham last thursday. there were reports two men who had been following him in a taxi jumped out and attacked him as he went to get some takeaway food. friends have described jay as loving and thoughtful. the priest at the local church showed me the candles jay's family had lit in his memory at yesterday's service. the family in profound shock. they are absolutely shattered. they are absolutely shattered. it is a shock for them, for the entire
family, and they are equally looking for answers, just as the rest of the community is. as well as jay, 38—year—old rocky djelal was stabbed to death in southwark, and 22—year—old malcolm mide—madariola on november two was fatally stabbed in clapham. another young man was also fatally stabbed in bromley. of the 118 murders so far in london this year, the police say a significant number were stabbings, and today there have been renewed calls for the police to have more funding. it is really important we have all public agencies, councils, the nhs, social services, education, the police, working with central government to solve this problem, but ultimately it means the government has to invest in policing and preventative services as well.
in a statement today the metropolitan police described the violence as senseless, but played down the issue of funding. it's notjust a question of funding, you know, we as the police have a big role to play, but this is a collective responsibility. we are always prioritising the work that we do, violence, tackling violence, an absolute priority for the metropolitan police. but according to some politicians, this wave of violent crime in which many young people have been killed could persist for a generation before it is brought under control. richard galpin, bbc news, in south—east london. our home affairs correspondent danny shaw is here. danny, four murders in five days — put these latest killings into context? this is a bad year in terms of serious violence in london, no doubt about that. it is potentially the worst year for about that. it is potentially the worst yearfor teenage about that. it is potentially the worst year for teenage killings for a decade, and it is replicated gci’oss a decade, and it is replicated across other cities and other parts of england and wales. we are seeing
homicides at the 10—year high across the whole of england and wales, we know there is a problem with serious violence in a lot of other cities as well, with knife crime, so it is not just in london and it is leading to a debate about the cause. you heard there, calls for more funding for police forces, the home office saying it is not to do with budget cuts, but there is a consensus that a lot of this is fuelled by drug dealing, and particularly the supply of cocaine, which is leading gangs to become more fearsome in terms of their disputes, and particularly those involving younger and younger people. all right, danny, thank you very much, danny shaw, our home affairs correspondent. the united states has imposed sweeping sanctions against iran today. it follows president trump's controversial decision to abandon the international nuclear deal with tehran. mr trump says the sanctions will be the strongest ever put in place. they will hit the iran's oil and banking sectors in particular, and they've sparked mass protests in iran. naomi grimley reports.
"death to america," shouted these protesters in tehran. burning the american flag is a yearly ritual on the anniversary of the siege of the us embassy in 1979. this week, though, there is extra antagonism, as america reimposes oil and financial sanctions on iran. the trump administration wants to reverse a deal brokered by barack obama which aimed to curb iran's nuclear ambitions in return for better trade. the new sanctions target key pillars of the iranian economy, including oil, shipping and banking, with more than 700 entities being targeted. but eight major importers of iranian oil, including india and japan, have been granted temporary waivers. european powers remain committed to the original iran nuclear deal — they object to the sanctions, but that puts them at loggerheads with the us.
the european companies will not be permitted to do business with both the united states and with iran. frankly, since may, since the president's announcement of withdrawal from the ill—fated agreement, european companies have fled iran in great numbers. ordinary iranians are bracing themselves for a rocky time ahead. the economy has had a tricky year, with oil sales already dropping. the impact is going to be felt in many ways. people are having less access to food, medicine, jobs are being cut, and rising prices. so there is a lot of anxiety and uncertainty. but iran's president says his country won't be cowed. translation: the americans should be punished for ever. be punished forever. they are bullying a great nation with an old cultural heritage. this is an acceptable to our state. —— this is unacceptable to our state. president trump says he wants a new deal with the iranians which will see them stop
their nuclear programme and abandon proxy wars in the middle east. so far, though, there seems little sign of that happening. naomi grimley, bbc news. our diplomatic correspondent james landale is in the bbc newsroom. james, will these tough new sanctions, will they achieve what president trump wants? well, as we heard in naomi's report, the mood out to run this morning is one of the fines and certainly in the past iran has shown itself capable of huge willingness to be isolated for a very long—time —— the mood in tehran this morning. we have to remember that this time it is just the united states imposing sanctions on iran. in the past in the early ten yea rs on iran. in the past in the early ten years ago or on iran. in the past in the early ten years ago 01’ so, on iran. in the past in the early ten years ago or so, it was the united states plus europe and other countries, which made a far greater impact, far greater pressure. however, clearly these sanctions will bite, they will have an impact
on ordinary iranians in terms of the fuel and pharmaceuticals they can get, and so i think that americans will be hoping that at some point the iranians will have to change course. the problem is this. actually a lot will depend on internal politics and manoeuvring within the iranian regime and there isa within the iranian regime and there is a fear amongst some analysts and diplomats that actually all these sanctions will do is force iran to double down and step up its regional disruptive behaviour, the behaviour which the americans are ultimately trying to deter. 0k, james comey thank you very much indeed. james landale, our diplomatic correspondent —— james, thank you very much indeed. tomorrow, american voters go to the polls in a crucial test for president trump. in the mid—term elections, americans will elect members of both chambers of congress and a number of state governors too. the senate is likely to remain under republican control but the main battle ground is the house of representatives. where all 435 seats are up for re—election. mr trump's republican party currently hold 235, compared to the democrats' 193.
to take control of the house, the democrats must gain 23 seats, something the president has been campaigning hard to avoid. jane o'brien is at the us congress on capitol hill in washington. jane? yeah, this is all about president trump and democrats think the only way to put the brakes on his agenda is to take control of that building behind me. as you were just saying, they are unlikely, but not certain, to retake the house, but the republicans are unlikely, and could even increase their majority, in the sennett, which would mean we would end up with a divided congress which could mean complete and utter gridlock for the next two years —— divot—mac. compromise is a very dirty word in washington, and both parties are now so washington, and both parties are now so polarised and far behind —— the
senate. that idea of any legislative agreement is extremely unlikely. also know that americans themselves are polarised and equally galvanised, so we will be talking about the democratic blue way, what is coming out in force. but republicans have a lot to vote for as well, the economy going well and donald trump taking credit for that, unemployment at an all—time low, which is rising and 250,000 jobs added to the payroll on friday. good news on that. they are also very concerned about immigration and donald trump, as we know, has been fanning the flames on that. so republicans are also energised, and turnout is really at an all—time high. 30 million americans have already voted in this election. all right, jane, thank you very much indeed. jane o'brien reporting. a key issue ahead of that vote has been that of the migrant caravan — a convoy of several thousand people
fleeing persecution and poverty — who are travelling through central america towards the us. the caravan set off several weeks ago and has now started arriving in mexico city. donald trump says troops will be deployed to stop those people crossing into the us. will grant reports from mexico city. this is thejesus martinez palillo stadium on the outskirts of mexico city. and the meeting point for the migrants caravan. these are the first migrants who have made it thus far. they have come from the state of veracruz, where they were gathering, having obviously made it all the way up from the border with guatemala. here they will be provided with cover, because it is raining quite often in mexico at the moment. and all the way about the outside there are human rights groups, ngos, medical support being offered. translation: i feel good to be here, because i'm travelling with my wife. if i was on my own that would be one thing, but she's three months pregnant, so we can't take too many risks.
so we're happy to have made it here, and that the authorities and the mexican people are lending us their help and support. the aim here will be to regroup, with maybe 6000 or so in the first main caravan. maybe a couple more thousand in later caravans, which mightjoin. once they've regrouped, the decision can be taken about what the best route north is, what the best decision is, as individual families and as a collective. some may choose to stay here in mexico and apply for asylum here. that will be easier in mexico city where, obviously, there is work, they might have family members, and that could be an option for some. others will continue this arduous journey north, all the way to the border with the united states, where donald trump has made it abundantly clear that they won't be welcomed with open arms. quite the opposite. he has deployed thousands of troops to greet them when they eventually arrive. will grant reporting from mexico
city. will grant reporting from mexico city. 79 school students have reportedly been kidnapped from a school in the outskirts of the city of bamenda in northwestern cameroon. the students were abducted along with their principal, a teacher and a driver. no one has immediately claimed responsibility for the abduction in the english—speaking region, where separatists are fighting to form a breakaway state. the government wants to make preventing illness the focus of the new long term plan for the nhs in england. health and social care secretary matt hancock says the aim is for people to have five more years of healthy, independent life by 2035. digital technology would be used to predict patients' illnesses, and encourage employers to improve the health of their staff. mps are warning that too many graduates in england are seeing too little in return for the big debts they're building up during their degrees. the commons education committee says
students should know what sort ofjobs their degrees will lead to, and there should be more help for people from disadvantaged backgrounds. around 180,000 people can expect a pay rise of £9 per week because their employers have signed up to the voluntary ‘real living wage' scheme. it's based on what a full—time worker with a family needs to survive, and it's over £1 an hour more than the minimum wage. but there's concern it could cause employers to push up prices. our economics correspondent andy verity reports. an inexpensive way to satisfy hungry customers. part of the reason it's cheap is the staff at this award—winning chippie in south london are paid modestly, and might themselves struggle to affording more expensive meal. i look around for bargains. especially on meat. because i think meat has gone out of proportion in prices. about 5000 employees, including a third of the biggest employers in the country,
have signed up to a voluntary scheme to pay what's described as a real living wage, worked out by the charity the living wage foundation. it is substantially more than the legal minimum wage set by the government of £7.83 per hour if you are over 25. employers signed up to the voluntary scheme will raise wages by 25p an hour to £9 an hour. and by 35p per hour for staff working in london. this year we've seen private rental costs go up, council tax go up, public transport has got more expensive, and the basic price of the sort of basic goods you buy in your supermarket shop has also gone up. all of that has come together to mean that people need more this year to meet their basic costs of living. other costs have been rising, such as in the case of a chippie, potatoes, squeezing employers' profit margins. the price of your fish and chips pays for a lot more than just fish and chips and may have to rise
to fund a living wages for staff. we need to increase our staff salary because of the cost of living going up. and it's london prices, london rents, transport, travelling — it is expensive. and it's not fair on them. we want quality people to work here, and we need to pay a fair wage. premiership football clubs are under pressure because while they pay top players up to £300,000 per week, it's nearly 1000 times as much as they pay to casual and contract workers on minimum wage. while four premiership clubs have signed up to pay all staff the living wage, many top playing clubs, such as manchester united and manchester city, still haven't. andy verity, bbc news. the time is 1.17. our top story this lunchtime... four murders in five days in london — scotland yard say hundreds more officers will be deployed in the capital. and still to come... waiting a month for the bins to be emptied — why one council in north wales is only collecting rubbish once every four weeks.
coming up on bbc news. bach ngo punishment for owen farrell after this thumping tackle against south africa on saturday —— coming up on bbc news— no punishment for owen farrell. it means he can play against new zealand this weekend. comentator: the replay‘s on the screen now... this sunday marks 100 years since the end of the first world war, and to mark the centenary around 10,000 torches have been lit in the moat of the tower of london. beefeaters lit them one—by—one — in a ceremony which will be repeated every night until remembrance sunday this weekend. well, as part of the commemorations, robert hall has been to amiens in france to find out about one former british soldier's vision of how to remember the horrors of war. robert. over the next few days we will be looking at different aspects
of remembrance and commemoration, head of the centenary of the armistice next weekend. —— ahead of the centenary. today's story concerns an ambitious project to create a series of footpath stretching from switzerland to the belgian coast along the old 1914 front lines, an idea which originated in lines penned a letters home by a young british officer. —— pennedin home by a young british officer. —— penned in letters home. "there are graves scattered up and down. the ground is so pitted and scarred and torn with shells, entangled with wire." alexander gillespie was 26 when he wrote his last letters home. in the weeks before his death, he began to plan a project that could now become his legacy. my great uncle was a prolific letter writer... countryfile presenter tom heap is alexander gillespie's great—nephew. well, he had this extraordinary leap of imagination when he was actually in the trenches amongst the fighting, that he thought,
"when this is all over, when peace comes, we should put a route along no man's land for people of all nations to come and walk along." the vision is a network of marked footpaths stretching from the swiss border to the belgian coast, tracing the trench lines of the western front. that's over 630 miles. that means negotiating with dozens of landowners and local councils, but so far, reaction has been encouraging. translation: from the first moment i heard about the path, i immediately saw how it could work. i think we must widen the ways that we remember the past, because if we don't do that, people will lose interest. this here, this new monument, was sculpted by walter allward... high on vimy ridge stands this memorial to canadian troops who fought on the western front. here too gillespie's vision has
received an enthusiastic welcome. i think it's a huge opportunity. we have so many visitors who come on pilgrimage to visit, kind of follow the path of their ancestors and this gives them an alternate route rather than taking highways and going around about. they can actually walk the western front as their ancestors did. tom heap believes projects like this provide new ways of connecting with a conflict which is moving further and further into our distant history. this to me is exactly what my great uncle envisaged when he was in those trenches 103 years ago today. he died somewhere near here, we don't know exactly where. to me it's quite spine—tingling, the thought that we are pretty much doing what he envisaged. "i would like to send every man, woman and child in western europe on pilgrimage along that sacred road so they might think and learn what war means from the silence
witnesses on either side. a sentimental idea, perhaps, but we might make the most beautiful road in all the world." the latest section of the path which actually goes north of this, the river somme, has been agreed. they hope sections of it will be opening over the coming months. tomorrow, the story of a family from a village in county durham who have their own very poignant reasons for remembering the hundredth anniversary of the armistice. thanks very much, robert. today's british armed forces are facing a recruitment crisis and to help solve it, the rules on people from abroad joining up are being relaxed. currently, citizens from commonwealth countries can only be recruited if they've lived in the uk for five years, but the ministry of defence is lifting that requirement so they can join without ever having lived here. our defence correspondent jonathan beale is here. what else are the mod saying about
this? first thing to say is that this? first thing to say is that this isn't new, in a sense, during the first world war there were commonwealth soldiers dying and fighting alongside the british. in world war ii that tap has been turned on and off depending on the recruitment situation in the uk. when the army was cut there were fewer people from the commonwealth joining. the moment the cap —— at the moment the cab is 200 recruits every year. that will rise to 1300. the question is, why? it is because there is a crisis in recruitment, certainly in the british army. there are high levels of employment. competition in recruitment. there's also no combat. but this is a mess in the mod‘s making. they have
privatised recruitment to capita. it hasn't gone well. they've got to make up the numbers themselves to avoid that crisis of not having enough troops in the army. thanks very much. the decision to recall wayne rooney to the england squad has divided football fans. it's two years since england's topscorer made his last international appearance, but he's been selected for a one—off game against the us at wembley. the fa says it's a chance to honour his career, and proceeds from the match will support rooney's charitable foundation. but critics say it devalues the worth of england caps, as andy swiss reports. it is the one—off comeback that's dividing football. commentator: wayne rooney's first—ever world cup final goal! for so long wayne rooney was england's talisman, but after being dropped and then announcing his international retirement we'd assumed we'd seen the last of this. indeed, only last week, rooney, who now plays united in the states,
said his england career was in the past. it was the right decision to let the team move on, and it was the right time, i have no regrets. cue surprise, then, when the fa tweeted this, that they've invited rooney to play against the us next week. rooney said he was humbled. the friendly match is raising money for his children's charity. the england boss, gareth southgate, said it was a chance to act the england boss, gareth southgate, said it was a chance to acknowledge rooney's immense contribution, but not everyone is so happy. southgate has complained about the lack of opportunities for his young stars, so does gifting a retired player a game send out the wrong message? some believe it cheapens an england cap, including the man who has more than anyone else, goalkeeping legend peter shilton. i think that england caps need to be earnt, notjust given out. it's for charity. and that's brilliant. but does that warrant actually wayne playing for england again after two the years?
again after two years? i don't think so. others believe rooney deserves his sendoff. it's happened in other countries. last year german world cup winner lukas poldolski came out of retirement for a final celebratory game. but for england, this is a first. commentator: england win a world cup penalty shoot out! their world cup success over the summer, driven by a new generation of stars, seemed to mark a clear break from the rooney era. for one night, though, and for one man, english football is turning back the clock. andy swiss — bbc news. how would you feel about waiting a month to have your bins emptied? well conwy council in north wales is introducing four—weekly rubbish collections to save money and boost recycling — but the decision has proved controversial. tomos morgan has the story. so it looks like you're already fairly organised. indeed. plastic cans, brown cardboard, glass and paper, easy to take out. sabrina edwards lives in deganwy
with her partner and a stepson. she is a stickler when it comes to recycling, but last month in a bid to increase recycling rates across this county, conwy council changed black bin refuse collections to once every four weeks. after three weeks we will count down to the next collection, looking at the chart waiting for it to happen. yeah, i have got to borrow a bin from next door, she doesn't mind us using it. it is always full, every time. for households with six or more, an additional wheelie bin will be provided. those collecting the rubbish across conwy have witnessed locals' worries first—hand. residents have shown concerns to ourselves in terms of how they are going to manage. it is more those with particularly young families, we still see sometimes a bit of the recycling going into the grey bins at the moment but it is reducing as time goes on.
residents here in towyn, on the east side of the county have had a chance to come to terms with the new regime. they were part of the year—long trial before these four—weekly collections were implemented across the whole of the county, and the result of that trial from the recycling had increased found the recycling had increased by 14% and the amount of refuse in these black bins had decreased by almost a third. by 2020, the uk has a target of recycling 50% of all household waste and wales is currently the only country in britain meeting that figure. the welsh government have set their own target, wanting local authorities to achieve a recycling rate of 64% by the end of 2020. hitting targets and improving recycling rates is the reason behind the change here. the council will also be saving almost £400,000 a year. isn't this simply a cost—cutting measure? we are actually out there
to recycle, and the more we recycle, the better it is for the future. we have seen all of the programmes, blue planet, and we know that is the way forward and that is what we are doing for our residents. so, it is not a cost—cutting measure? no, any benefits along the side are purely additional. two years ago, falkirk in scotland was the first local authority in britain to move to four—weekly collections. in the year that followed they saw almost a 5% increase in recycling. neighbouring councils are watching closely and are considering changes. with christmas around the corner, reusing the leftover turkey won't be the only form of recycling being done in conwy this festive season. time for a look at the weather — here's tomasz shafernaker. bonfire night tonight, what will it
be like? it'll be ok, but things do go downhill after that. for the short term, looking pretty good. for this time of year, very mild, 17 agrees, today and tonight. but it'll stay mild, which is good news for bonfire night. the air is coming all the way in from the mediterranean. the weather turning rough in some western parts of europe, but this weather front is helping western parts of europe, but this weatherfront is helping bring in some of the warmth from the southern climes. so that is what we are feeling right now. at least 16 in london, even in yorkshire temperatures could get into the low teens. different story in northern ireland and western scotland, more cloud and spots of rain. for most major towns and cities, if you are