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tv   Newsday  BBC News  November 20, 2018 1:00am-1:31am GMT

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i'm rico hizon in singapore. the headlines: one of the world's most prominent business leaders, nissan's carlos ghosn, is arrested injapan over claims of financial misconduct. hopes fade in yemen that the warring sides were nearing a truce as the saudis renew attacks on the port city of hodeida. it is often called the forgotten war but everyone i have spoken to here is crying for help, pleading with the world to finally take notice. i'm babita sharma in london. also in the programme: building closer ties between the leaders of china and the philippines. president duterte prepares to welcome xijinping for his first state visit. and in our ‘100 women‘ season, we hear from australia's first female prime ministerjulia gillard on the pressures of being a woman at the top. the fact that much of the imagery that was woven around me in the parliament and the media was, when you look at it, gendered at its centre, all of that was, you know,
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more than i was expecting. good morning. it's 9am in singapore, 1am in london, and 10am in tokyo where ca rlose ghosn, one of the world's most prominent businessmen and the chairman of nissan, has been arrested on suspicion of financial misconduct. he is alleged to have underreported his salary by m5 million over five years. he's expected to be sacked later this week. rupert wingfield—hayes‘ report contains some flashing images. so, it has been sold, but what's important is... for 20 years, carlos ghosn has been one of the titans
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of the car industry, charming everyone from journalists to presidents. but tonight, he is in police custody, accused of serious financial misdeeds. at nissan's headquarters, chief executive hiroto saikawa made the dramatic announcement. the company found mr ghosn had hugely underreported his pay in nissan's annual report to the tokyo stock exchange. translation: for us, the company, this is of course completely unacceptable, and we've been advised by experts that this misconduct is serious enough to dismiss them. the news has sent shockwaves through the car industry, especially in france, where mr ghosn is also boss of renault. it seems to have come out of nowhere. you know, the accusations are crazy, and as an industry, we're incredibly shocked that someone so well respected — he turned around nissan in the early 20005 from near bankruptcy — could have potentially done something like this. it has been a day of high
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drama here in tokyo, but it is important to note that carlos ghosn is not being accused of tax evasion. he's accused of misreporting financial data to the tokyo stock exchange. that's something that other bosses of japanese corporations have been found doing, and have not ended up in police custody. whether he is formally charged or not, mr ghosn will now be sacked by the company he helped rescue from the brink of bankruptcy. it is an astonishing fall from grace for a man once known here injapan as mr fixit. rupert wingfield—hayes, bbc news, in tokyo. let's speak to our business correspondent, mariko 0i. so many headlines around the world about carlos ghosn, but have we already heard him speak about it?
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no, andi already heard him speak about it? no, and i think it's important to emphasise that mr ghosn hasn't commented about this, so we will continue monitoring whether he makes any statement this morning, because, as you could imagine, many people are wondering how he and another executive, greg kelly, could get away with it for so long without anyone noticing at nissan. the whole thing happened very quickly and it was very well choreographed, if you know what i mean, from the scoop from a japanese newspaper, to an english statement by nissan, which is quite unusual injapan, following that late—night press conference by the chief executive officer, during which he was asked if the company had any pre— bargaining deals with prosecutors, to which he said he couldn't comment, but there are a lot of speculations on exactly what happened, so we will continue monitoring. he must be consulting his closest advisers and lawyers, but he has been a very popular
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figure in japan. what but he has been a very popular figure injapan. what has been the public reaction? as you can imagine, shock and surprise are the two biggest reactions, as you can imagine, as rupert mentioned in his report. he was seen as a fixer of the massive problem nissan had. there was a comic about him and many women apparently said they wanted to marry him. a lot of people thought he should be leading japan, in fact, so as he should be leading japan, in fact, so as you can imagine, a lot of surprises, but at the same time one must wonder whether this has any reaction on the recent proposal to accept more foreign workers, because of course he was one of very few foreign nationals to be leading a japanese company, very successfully so, and his high salary has raised eyebrows every year, but until now he and the company could justify it, but people are now asking whether greed can have no limits. thanks for the update on the carlos ghosn scandal. let's take a look at some of the day's other news. three men have been arrested in melbourne
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for allegedly planning a mass shooting in a public place. the suspects, who are australian nationals of turkish background, have been under investigation since march. 0ur correspondent, hywel griffith is in sydney. give us the background into what we now know is a foiled terrorist plot. yes, the police allege these three men have been plotting for some time. they'd actually been under surveillance since march. all three had had their passports cancelled, and police claimed they were inspired by the so—called islamic state and were plotting what could have been, they say, a chilling attack in the centre of melbourne. there was no fixed location but what they intended to do, police say, was to get hold of semiautomatic weapons and carry out a mass shooting, particularly in the busy time in the run—up to christmas. they've been under surveillance for several months. however, they had become more energised and active over
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recent weeks. earlier this month, there was a terror attack in the centre of melbourne when a 30—year—old man stabbed and killed someone before being shot and killed by police. for that attack on the ninth of november, the authorities stepped up efforts. all three were arrested in raids in the early hours australian time. now they are in custody and we expect him to appear in court over the next few hours. searches have been carried out on their homes. we know very little, all three living in northern melbourne, two of them brothers, but their ages range from 21 to 30, and police claimed to have foiled what could have been a chilling attack which would have resulted, potentially, in multiple deaths. thank you very much for the update. also making news today: saudi arabia's king salman has promised to ensure that no crimes go unpunished. in his annual address to parliament, he said he trusted the saudi judiciary to ensure justice. but the king made no mention of the murder of the saudi journalist, jamal khashoggi. the british prime minister, theresa may, has told a conference
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of business leaders that her draft deal on britain's withdrawal from the european union was the best option for protecting jobs. it comes as a mooted leadership challenge from within her own party has yet to materialise. leaders from the other 27 eu countries will meet on sunday to decide whether to approve the draft deal. police in the us city of chicago say four people are in a critical condition after a gunman opened fire outside a hospital. one of the victims was a police officer. another was an employee of the mercy hospital. the gunman is dead, but it's not immediately clear if he took his own life or was killed by police. nine key figures from hong kong's 2014 protests for political reform have pleaded not guilty to public nuisance charges at the start of their trial. the defendants, who include the three founders of the 0ccupy movement, were accompanied by dozens of supporters brandishing their trademark yellow umbrellas. the value of bitcoin has fallen below $5,000 for the first time since october 2017. the fall in value is being blamed
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by some on a split in bitcoin cash — an offshoot of bitcoin — into two different crypto—currencies. at its peak a year ago bitcoin‘s value reached just below $20,000.. there've been reports of renewed fighting in yemen after efforts to halt the war ended. both the rebels and saudi—led coalition had earlier said they intended to halt their offensives. the uk has circulated a draft resolution at the united nations calling for a ceasefire. fighting has ravaged the country since 2015 as a government coalition, led by the saudis and supported by the uk, us and france, has clashed with houthi rebels backed by iran. international pressure has been mounting on both sides to end the conflict, which has pushed the country to the verge of starvation. in recent weeks, the fighting has focused on the port city of hudaydah. 0ur correspondent nawal al—maghaf reports from yemen. a warning — there are
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distressing images. enjoying a brief moment of normality in this long war. children and families gathered together to celebrate a pause in the fighting. they pray it continues, but no—one here knows how long it will last. in the port city of hudaydah, the front lines are not far away. just a few hours later, a coalition air strike has ripped through this family home. six sisters were home alone at the time. the survivors are rushed to hospital. the father arrives, thankful to find his daughter malika alive. translation: we were sitting at home. i was about to start the afternoon prayer when a rocket hit the house. but four of malika's sisters did not survive the attack. for the past six months,
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saudi and emirati coalition forces have been closing in on hudaydah. they say the port is being used to smuggle in arms and supplies for the iranian—backed houthi rebels. this battle could be a turning point in the war, but at what cost? it's notjust the bombs and the bullets that civilians here have fled from. this war has shattered everything that kept people afloat. the price of food, fuel, water has at least doubled across the country. it's often called the forgotten war, but everyone i've spoken to here is crying out for help, pleading with the world to finally take notice. the current offensive has left over half a million yemenis homeless. this school in the government—controlled southern city of aden has become a makeshift camp. samira and her six children are sheltering under the stairwell. caught between two warring sides,
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she felt she had no choice but to flee hudaydah three days ago. translation: above was shrapnel and rockets, explosions. they scared us on the roads. they scattered us and left us at god's mercy. we go to sleep scared and get up scared. starvation and poverty provoked by the war is so desperate that the country's poorest are sifting through the rubbish just to survive. hopes are mounting here for upcoming peace talks. with aid agencies warning that yemen is on the brink of the worst famine in living history, time is running out. nawal al—maghafi, bbc news, aden. china's president xijinping is expected in manila shortly for the start of a two—day visit to the philippines. the two countries will sign a number of bilateral deals to highlight their growing economic and security co—operation. the visit comes two years after president rodrigo duterte announced what he called a divorce
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with his country's old ally, the united states, in return for closer ties with beijing. let's go to our correspondent in manila, howard johnson. i asked how significant the meeting between the two leaders is. this is the big one as far as economic since concerned. president duterte has this build, build, build strategy here. two years ago he met xijinping in china and signed a deal in which he would see $24 million worth of financial assistance in loans coming to this country. 75 major projects were built. at the moment, a reuters study shows that only around $117 million has come from china to fund three projects at the moment. there isa three projects at the moment. there is a lot of talk at the moment here that they want to see more of that money coming. china says it's
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progressing smoothly that these talks will centre around notjust the money and how fast it could be released but also the issue of the south china sea. we are seeing, obviously, a big story here that's been unfolding in the last couple of yea rs, been unfolding in the last couple of years, the philippines‘ shift towards china and the cosying up of relationships, and at the moment, we are looking to see if the deal will be signed, or potentially a framework for a joint exploration of those oilfields off the coast of the philippines, so president xijinping arrives here around midday. he will go to some shrines and meet dignitaries here, and they will release some statements around 5pm local time. and what is the thinking for this pivot we see away from the philippine government, from the us, moving towards the east and its partner in china? many have been calling it a bromance between the chinese leader and the philippines‘ president. the philippines has always played
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other countries off each other to potentially secure a better deal. it actually receives a lot of aid from japan and america, particularly from america, it‘s got a lot of military assistance that still continues to this day. the talk is that the philippine army are still very close with america, so the ties with america are not exactly severed. this bromance may be growing, and in fa ct, this bromance may be growing, and in fact, in the last few weeks, we‘ve had a lot of flowery language. president duterte has said he sees this as a flower blossoming, and president xijinping this as a flower blossoming, and president xi jinping says he sees it as the rain after — sorry, the rainbow after the storm. because what we saw a few years ago, under the former president, relationships soured the year when they took this south china sea issue to the international arbitration court in
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the hague, and they got a ruling that suggested that what china was trying to do off the coast of the philippines, building up these islands around scarborough shoal, was illegal, and duterte has not enforced that, and what we will see in the next couple of days is whether they can agree a joint framework in exploring for oil off the coast of the philippines. and that was how with johnson in manila, our philippines correspondent speaking earlier with babita sharma. you‘re watching newsday on the bbc. still to come on the programme: a political pioneer who paid a price. we have an exclusive interview with former australian prime ministerjulie gillard. also on the programme: are we poisoning the platypus? scientists warn the species could be in danger from drugs washed down the drain. benazir bhutto has claimed victory in pakistan‘s general election, and she‘s asked pakistan‘s president to name her as prime minister.
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jackson‘s been released on bail of $3 million after turning himself in to police in santa barbara. it was the biggest demonstration so far of the fast—growing european antinuclear movement. the south african government has announced that it‘s opening the country‘s remaining whites—only beaches to people of all races. this will lead to a black majority government in this country, and the destruction of the white civilisation. part of the centuries—old windsor castle, one of the queen‘s residences, has been consumed by fire for much of the day. 150 firemen have been battling the blaze, which has caused millions of pounds‘ worth of damage. this is newsday on the bbc.
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i‘m rico hizon in singapore. i‘m babita sharma in london. our top stories: one of the world‘s most prominent business leaders, nissan‘s carlos ghosn, is arrested over claims of financial misconduct. hopes of a ceasfire fade in yemen after renewed attacks on the port city of hudaydah. let‘s take a look at some front pages from around the world. the gulf news reports on a new rule affecting indians going to the uae and elsewhere to work. the paper says, from january, they will have to register online at least 24 hours before leaving, even if they have employment visas. the south china morning post says china‘s president xi jinping faces tough talks with donald trump at the upcoming g20 summit. the paper blames the tension on the open hostility shown
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between president xi and us vice president mike pence, who lashed out at each other over trade at the apec summit at the weekend. and the japan times carries this picture, showing the main control room for crippled reactors at the fukushima nuclear plant. the photograph marks the first time the facility has been open to the media since 2011. and those are the papers. julia gillard made history when she became australia‘s first female prime minister in 2010. but her three years in office were overshadowed by misogynistic attacks from her opponents and dysfunction within her party. as part of the bbc 100 women series, ms gillard has been speaking to yalda hakim about the kind of personal attacks she faced on becoming the country‘s leader. you were australia‘s first female prime minister,
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and then since leaving office, you‘ve said to a lot of women who want to go into politics, look, go for it, but you have also repeatedly said there is this other bit, the misogyny bit, the sexism bit, don‘t pretend that it isn‘t there. were you prepared for the kind of attacks that you came under? no, iwasn‘t, and i entered into parliament not having really felt in a personal way sexism or misogyny. of course, i knew it existed, i was an active feminist at university. i thought the rate of change would be pretty fast and if you would have asked me back then if all of this would be fixed by the time you are in your 40s or 50s, i would have said yes, absolutely, it will all be fixed by then. but i did go into a law firm, which was overwhelmingly male at the leadership level, but even with that, i did not really feel directly sexism, so by the time i was prime minister and the sort of gendered abuse was flying, it did
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take me aback that it could get as bad as that, and that there was still so much sexism lying under the surface of our society. and i think many other societies around the world. and when it came to being a woman leader, it sort of broke through. why were you surprised? i mean, australia is quite a patriarchal society, as advanced as it is, that‘s just a fact. well, i have to go all defence of my country at this point. i think australia is very similar to many countries at a similar stage of development and democracies, which is that we still do not have anywhere near 50% women in parliament, women are not well represented on corporate boards, as ceos, increasingly well represented in the law, but not in the news media, still not represented equally in technology. i think we share all of those factors with the world.
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yes, it is a blokey culture and many of our turns of phrase are sort of male, mateship, masculine turns of phrase, but i never felt alienated by any of that and i don‘t feel alienated by that now. what took me by surprise was something much more pointed and much sharper. what was that? well, really it was the kind of go—to gendered insults, the signs outside parliament house saying "ditch the witch", meaning me, referring to me as a bitch, the way in which there were pornographic cartoons circulated about me. incredibly violent things said on social media. the media was when you look at it, gendered, it was more than what i was expecting. that was julia gillard speaking
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that wasjulia gillard speaking to the bbc. a platypus diet consists of worms, insects and some freshwater shellfish. but if these animals live near people, it seems they might be served up drugs as well as bugs. that‘s according to ecologists who found nearly 70 different types of antidepressant, painkillers and antibiotics in water—dwelling animals in streams near melbourne. earlier, i spoke to dr erin richmond and asked her how she found these drugs were present. well, essentially, we‘ve known now, scientists, for the last almost two decades, that pharmaceuticals are in surface waters wherever waste water is present. so, to examine this, we set out across six streams in melbourne, in victoria, australia, and set out to detect pharmaceuticals within aquatic insects. these are the insects that live under the water in the stream channel in all of these streams. and what we also set out to test for was if these insects, which undergo a life—cycle change, which is where they emerge out of the stream channel as a winged
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adult, if they were passing pharmaceuticals through to riparian predators. so, spiders, for example, living on the stream bank. and what we were able to test for was up to almost 100 different pharmaceutical compounds, and we actually detected 69 different drugs in these insects living in streams downstream of wastewater treatment... so, erin, with the platypuses ingesting so many pharmaceutical drugs, could the species be in danger? it‘s important to remember we didn‘t specifically set out and test platypus, we tested their diet, so what they eat. so we don‘t actually know whether or not these pharmaceuticals in the insects, that the platypus eat, are what we call bioavailable, so we don‘t know if they have a biological effect within the platypus. but, certainly, i know that if you or i were to go to a doctor and say that we‘re taking almost 70 different pharmaceutical drugs, there would be adverse effects for us. so it‘s important to remember that that these platypus, in our study, were potentially exposed to almost 70 different drugs, which is quite alarming. did you also examine
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the implications for human health? no, we didn‘t get that far up the foodchain, but it‘s certainly avenues for future research within the next steps of our study. and is this localised to melbourne? absolutely not. so what we are finding is that, wherever waste water is present, so all around the world we are seeing this, so essentially wherever people are consuming drugs, these drugs are being excreted via typically our urine, and are ending up in surface waters and streams and lakes globally. doctor erin richmond. you have been watching newsday. i‘m babita sharma in london. and i‘m rico hizon in singapore. and before we go, we‘d like to warm you up for the idea of christmas. oh, yes, it‘s fast approaching and president trump and his wife welcomed the arrival of their tree at the white house. rico hizon will be putting up he‘s very soon. thank you forjoining us. see you soon. goodbye. hello there.
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if you thought it was cold yesterday, today is going to feel even colder. all the mild air that we had over the weekend has been pushed away by these easterly winds, and, with stronger winds, it will feel colder today, and we‘re also drawing in colder and colder air as the day goes on. now, probably not a great deal of frost to start the day, too much wind for that, there may be some early sunshine. i think fairly quickly the cloud will build and all these showers in the east we will get blown that bit further westwards, some of them heavy and maybe a touch wintry over the higher ground as well. a close look at the showers in the afternoon, frequent showers coming through the english channel and into the south—east of england. we‘ve got the winds on there. those are the mean winds but around the coasts of england, they could be gusting 40 miles an hour or more. and some frequent showers, even longer spells of rain coming into northern england, perhaps some wintriness over the high ground. because it is an easterly wind, most of the showers will be in the east. north—west scotland seeing some
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sunshine and fewer showers, and that is a similar story really across northern ireland as well. let‘s focus on those temperatures, though, disappointing reading, and if you add on the strength of the winds, because the wind is strong, it will feel colder. there will be a significant windchill, especially for the eastern side of england. there will be some more wet weather around during the evening and perhaps a little bit more sleet and snow over the higher ground overnight, especially across wales, northern england, and then later into scotland. as the cloud begins to break later, and the winds drop further south across the midlands, into southern england, even here there is the risk of some icy patches, with temperatures not far from freezing. on wednesday, more of a south—westerly breeze will tend to push the wetter weather further north into northern ireland, scotland, again some wintriness over higher ground. a few showers coming into the south—west, but, on the whole, england and wales will be dry. a good deal of sunshine this time. it is still cold, temperatures number—wise not changing. it probably won‘t feel as cold because it will not be as windy, there should be some sunshine around, too.
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wednesday and into thursday, we‘ve still got low pressure to the south—west of the uk, high pressure to the north. the breeze is continuing to ease down, but we are going to drag in what looks like being much more cloud on thursday. still some showers from that, likely to be rain. it should be a dry day for scotland and northern ireland and these western areas likely to see some sunshine. temperatures beginning to creep up as well, eight or nine, maybe double figures in the west. to south—easterly —— so it‘s the right way forward, if you like, those south to south—easterly winds coming in towards the end of the week. it shouldn‘t feel quite as cold. i‘m babita sharma with bbc world news. our top story: carlos ghosn, a man described as a titan of nissan cars, is under arrest in japan. the chairman of the japanese car giant, as well as mistubishi and renault, is being investigated over claims he under—reported his own earnings. unconfirmed reports say he failed to declare $44 million over five years, half his actual earnings. fighting has broken out once more in yemen,
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striking a blow to efforts to end three and a half years of devastating conflict. saudi—led coalition warplanes have bombed houthi rebels in the port of hodeidah. and this video is trending on it shows huge waves crashing into an apartment block on the seafront in the canary island of tenerife. much of the island has been affected by severe flooding. that‘s all. stay with bbc world news. and the top story in the uk: theresa may has taken her brexit plan to the business community
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