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tv   Outside Source  BBC News  November 21, 2018 9:00pm-10:01pm GMT

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this is outside source, i'm ros atkins. there's deep concern over the case of a british academic, jailed for life in the united arab emirates. matthew hedges has been found guilty of spying on behalf of the uk government. theresa may says further progress has been made during crunch brexit talks in brussels, as both sides look to finalise a deal before sunday's eu summit. we've had a very good meeting this evening. we've made good progress, and as a result, we've given sufficient direction to our negotiators. i hope for them to be able to resolve the remaining issues, and that work will start immediately. saudi arabia denies ordering the death of journalist jamal khashoggi. in an interview with the bbc, its foreign minister says those making accusations are crossing a red line. when you have individuals calling for the removal or replacement of oui’ for the removal or replacement of our leaders, that is ridiculous and unacceptable in saudi arabia, and no
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saudi citizen will tolerate this. and david attenborough is to take up the so—called ‘people‘s seat‘ at next month's united nations climate change conference. welcome to outside source. a few technical issues at bbc news today, so we have a new home for one day only. and no touch—screen as you can see. but we've still got all the main stories from around the world. starting in the uae, where a british student has been sentenced to life in prison for spying. 31—year—old matthew hedges was studying at durham university in england, and while he was in the uae in may to research the country's foreign and internal security policies when he was detained. his wife was in court this morning, has called on the uk government to take a stand.
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the british foreign secretary, jeremy hunt, says he's shocked and disappointed, and he's warned of repercussions for the relationship between the two countries. paul blake in dubai. matthew hedges, in happier times with his wife, daniela. the durham university academic was in the united arab emirates to research the country's foreign policy. but as he was about to return to the uk, he was detained, with his family saying he was held in solitary confinement, forced to sign a confession in arabic, and fed a cocktail of drugs. today, despite hopes for his release, the academic was sentenced to life in prison. his wife, daniela, who was in court, issued a statement. friends of the couple suggested that matthew hedges had been on the verge of being released. we are all shocked. there were expectations that the pressure, and added
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to the actions of the uk government, would have led to a different verdict. the uk and uae have historically enjoyed warm diplomatic ties, but it appears today's ruling came as a surprise to the british government. the uae is supposed to be a friend and ally of britain's. we have given them repeated assurances about matthew. and if we can't resolve this, there are going to be serious diplomatic consequences, because this is totally u na cce pta ble. foreign media, including the bbc, were barred from observing today's court proceedings, and we were told by authorities that we weren't even allowed to report from outside the court. ultimately, most of the details had to come from the family, who say the hearing lasted fewer than five minutes, with no lawyer present. matthew hedges‘ colleagues say there is no legitimate basis for his arrest. the information we have been given, and the uae authorities have provided very, very little about this, is that matt was kind of brought to their attention
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by a citizen of the uae, who was concerned about the questions he was asking. we don't know who that person was. as far as we are aware, that person remains entirely anonymous. matthew hedges‘ family have maintained his innocence throughout, and say that his mental and physical health have worsened while detained. reports suggest he will have 30 days to appeal, but for now, a nightmare for one family is quickly becoming yet another diplomatic crisis for britain. paul blake, bbc news, in abu dhabi. our diplomatic correspondent paul adams says it's clear that the foreign secretaryjeremy hunt, who we saw in that report, is angry about today's sentence. he thinks essentially that he was given an indication, almost an assurance during his personal intervention that this would not be the outcome, that matthew hedges would be released. he has talked about there being consequences, what might those be? well, it is a very close relationship, 6,000 british businesses based in the uae, 100,000 british citizens living and working there,
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a million tourists visit every year. but i think before we get into what the consequences might be, there is probably a bit of the legal process that needs to play out. the attorney general in the uae have said that this is not the final verdict, that matthew hedges, who he said made a full confession of the crimes he is alleged to have committed, can appeal, there can be a retrial in which he and his lawyer can both be reheard. so that process can happen relatively quickly, we simply don't know. i think the hope here is that the uae will be taken aback by the strength of the british response. they don't want to be seen frankly as behaving like iran, in the case of nazanin zaghari—ratcliffe. it is just very, very bad publicity for them. so perhaps they may want to see a way out of this, but i think the family is probably asking, with an accusing finger at the foreign office, "how did it get this far out"? staying in the region,
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amnesty international and human rights watch have released allegations that human rights activists are being tortured and sexually harassed in saudi arabia. the allegations centre on a prison called dhahban. with claims that inmates including women are being electrocuted and flogged. human rights watch alleges that abuse includes "electric shocks, whipping women on their thighs, and forcible hugging and kissing." the saudi king and, in particular, his son, the crown prince mohammed bin salman, have been keen to tell the world how saudi arabia is modernising. allowing women to drive was the most high profile change. but there have been further crackdowns on dissent. the bbc is still waiting for an official response on these recent allegations, but a saudi official was quoted in the wall streetjournal as saying the kingdom "does not condone, promote, or allow the use of torture". and of course, saudi arabia is facing mounting international outcry over the murder of of saudi journalist jamal khashoggi in istanbul.
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the washington post reported that cia has concluded that the crown prince ordered the murder. that point and others have been put to saudi arabia's foreign minister by lyse doucet. this was not the cover—up. we released the information as we had it at the time, and we received more information, we could then update what happened and come up with a picture that's more complete. why did they wantjamal kashoggi back, and that he was at a threat that if he didn't want to come back, he had to be killed? jamal khashoggi was not wanted in saudi arabia. but he obviously was! 15 members went to saudi arabia, including members of the crown princes‘s own personal guard, your leading forensic expert, and a body double? what about "rogue operation" do people not understand 7 people exceeded their authorities, people committed a crime, and people will be held accountable for it.
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do you fear there'll be sanctions from the united states if some congressman and senators have their way? i think that would be short—sighted, there have been sanctions against individuals who were implicated in this and who were detained the public prosecutor's office. but that is different from sanctioning a government. as a government, saudi arabia is not responsible for this. there is a call even from lindsey graham, the us senator for sanctions for "appropriate" members of the royal family, which would be a huge step. people can say a lot of things, it is their right. they can be inaccurate, they can be misplaced... it doesn't matter, in saudi arabia, our leadership is a red line. the crown prince is a redline, they represent every saudi citizen, and every saudi citizen represents them. and we will not tolerate any discussion of anything that is disparaging towards our
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monarch or crown prince. the cia has concluded that it could not have happened without an order from the crown prince. i have not seen the report, nor do i believe thejournalists who talk about it have seen it. i have seen the statement by the spokesperson for the state department who said the reporting on the report is inaccurate, and i have seen the statement by the president saying the information is inaccurate. the crown prince has not been involved in this, we have made that very clear. we have an investigation is ongoing, and we will punish the individuals who are responsible for this. we will make sure it does not happen again. we have said time and again that the investigation is open and the public prosecutor has asked any country that has information that
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can help complete the picture to provide the information. there are a lot of gaps that we do not know about, we don't know where the body is, we don't know certain things. we don't know what is in the tapes, other than the transcripts that were provided. we haven't listened to them, we haven't done for his books on them. the evidence does lead to the crown prince... we have made it very clear that the crown prince is not involved. so this is a redline, whatever the evidence is pezzella show us the evidence also showed us the evidence, if turkey has the evidence, send it to a. all we hear his leaks. evidence, send it to a. all we hear his lea ks. shows evidence, send it to a. all we hear his leaks. shows the evidence. and then we talk. but the crown prince is not involved in this, we have made this very clear. it is a redline many have individuals calling for the removal or replacement of leaders. that is and
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unacceptable in saudi arabia, and no saudi citizen will tolerate the. president trump has left washington for thanksgiving. but he tweeted today. "oil prices getting lower. great! like a big tax cut for america and the world. enjoy! $54, was just $82. thank you to saudi arabia, but let's go lower!" that's after he released a statement yesterday effectively saying that the us would take no action against saudi arabia even if it did turn out that the crown prince knew about mr khashoggi's murder. but speak to anthony. some people might say whatever you think about donald trump, at least he is saying out loud what a lot of people have been saying in public for a while —— private for a while? and that is a legitimate statement to make, that american presidents in the past have tried to strike a balance between idealism and support for humanitarian concerns and pragmatic
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us national interests. but they have attempted to talk over some of these conflicts in order to have the impact that taking such a direct aim here would have. so donald trump is doing things a bit differently, he a lwa ys doing things a bit differently, he always has as president, and that tweet this morning that you highlighted is essentially saying that there is another economic benefit of close relations with saudi arabia, though i will note the us isa saudi arabia, though i will note the us is a major oil—producing state, so us is a major oil—producing state, $03 us is a major oil—producing state, soa drop us is a major oil—producing state, so a drop in oil prices overall has its negative effects on the us economy, that helps many consumers bought online. i also want to ask you about a separate story, this exchange of words between the president and the chiefjustice. for people who have not been following this, let us know what has been happening? exactly, donald trump made comments yesterday criticising the ninth circuit us court of appeals, and the federal court on
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the juster court in appeals, and the federal court on thejuster court in california who put a suspension on his changes to asylu m put a suspension on his changes to asylum policy granting asylum to individuals i came across the border without proper documentation at checkpoints. john roberts, the chief justice of the us supreme court earlier today issued a stern rebuke of the president, unprecedented for a supreme court justice of the president, unprecedented for a supreme courtjustice to directly target a president like us, saying there is no such thing as an 0bama oi’ there is no such thing as an 0bama ortrump there is no such thing as an 0bama or trumpjudge, there is no such thing as an 0bama or trump judge, he was asserting the impartiality of the federal judiciary. we were waiting for donald trump to respond, and hejust tweeted a series of tweets in the past few minutes, saying sorry, john roberts, you have 0bama judges and they have a much different point of view than the people charged with the safety of our country. he goes on to criticise the ninth circuit court of appeals, saying they have been superseded by the supreme
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court, their decisions have been reversed by the supreme court on a number of issues. most prominently, his travel ban, which the us supreme court did reinstate earlier this year. but the larger picture here is that you see to equal branches of the us government in direct conflict ina warof the us government in direct conflict in a war of words that may be escalating as we speak. there may be some viewers reading those viewers by the chiefjustice and thinking that these judges are to some degree political, because in many cases they have been appointed or proposed by politicians? they are appointed, andi by politicians? they are appointed, and i think federaljudges who have lifetime appointments to the judiciary by us presidents like to view themselves as above the storm and drunk of american politics, that they can be somewhat above it. that is hard, you make a good point that
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they make that —— have to make political decisions on hot button issues. like abortion or the 2000 presidential dispute between al gore and george bush. those are all very political decisions, but they like to think they're detached. when you have ahead of the executive the president, identifying individual judges by their politics and who appointed them, to chiefjustice john roberts is taking issue with that because i think he views this as pulling thejudiciary that because i think he views this as pulling the judiciary down that because i think he views this as pulling thejudiciary down into the day—to—day political disputes. anthony, thank you very much. if you wa nt to anthony, thank you very much. if you want to keep up—to—date on american politics whenever you open up the bbc news app, if there is a development, you will get anthony's analysis, as well. theresa may has been to brussels to try and finalise the brexit withdrawal deal ahead of a summit on sunday. remember, there are major doubts about whether the prime minister can get the deal through parliament.
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well she met with european commision presidentjean—claude juncker both to talk about the deal, and about a declaration on the future relationship between the eu and uk. here's the prime minister after the meeting. we've had a very good meeting this evening. we've made further progress, and as a result, we've given sufficient direction to our negotiators. i hope for them to be able to resolve the remaining issues, and that work will start immediately. i now plan to return for further meetings, including with presidentjuncker, on saturday to discuss how we can bring to a conclusion this process that's in the interest of all our people. there are some remaining issues which we have discussed this evening with presidentjuncker. we've given direction to our negotiators this evening, the work on those issues will now start immediately. i believe we've given sufficient direction for them to be able to solve those remaining issues. here's our europe editor katya adler on what those remaining issues are about.
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the eu is trying to give the prime minister the optics to help her sell this deal back on, but on content, they do not want to move from their redline, such as guarantees over the irish border. such as keeping the single market together and not allowing the prime minister to cherry pick the bits she likes and leave the ones she doesn't as she would like to do. but they're holding steadfast on that. what makes it even more complex is not just theresa may wanting more from the eu, but eu countries that want more from her. for example, spain has very clear stipulations about gibraltar and how it appears in the document, basically saying that all negotiations on the future relationship between the eu and the uk cannot be taken legally for granted, that they will immediately apply to gibraltar. and france wants apply to gibraltar. and france wants a guarantee of fishing rights in the uk water after brexit, and they are insisting on that. the eu has issues with
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the agreement, and there is even more hostility to the deal in the uk parliament, both in theresa may's party and from the opposition. earlier the leader of the opposition labour party spoke in the house of commons. millions of people who voted both leave and remain, this half—baked dealfails to give leave and remain, this half—baked deal fails to give any hope that could bring the country together ain! mrs may's newly appointed work and pensions secretary amber rudd, offered a more positive view. it is my view that when the deal comes to, before parliament it will get through despite what people say. but i do also feel, having spent the past six or seven months on the back benches talking to people on the back benches, that parliament will stop a no deal. jonathan blake, westminster. why happened to a gang of five within the cabinet that were upset and would try to persuade theresa may to do differently? they have not
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gone far, that is the short answer. there is only so much that can be done to change the withdrawal agreement as it stands now, and so much that can be done to shape the political declaration, because as you've heard in those various clips and in the introductionjust now, there are many different factors at play here, many different sides who wa nt play here, many different sides who want different things, not least different art eu member countries. here in the uk and at westminster, different parts of the conservative party and the cabinet want different things. but certainly any specific plan for theresa may to win a concession or plan for theresa may to win a concession 0!’ any plan for theresa may to win a concession or any meaningful changes to the withdrawal agreement at this stage don't look like they will happen. that said, the meeting between the prime minister and jean—claude juncker ended without any relation of the specifics of
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their agreement, but it is clear there are some outstanding issues. so people here hope for progress for theresa may to win some ground, or at least not give any ground in these final stages. we'll just at least not give any ground in these final stages. we'lljust have to wait and see another few days, because not for the first time, some progress has been made, but there are some outstanding issues, and a timetable slipping. does the declaration on the future relationship matter that much only because the withdrawal agreement is legally binding, i understand that the declaration isn't, so they could change? they could change, and i think it will involve —— evolve over time. but what is important at this stage is that the eu and the u k agree that all countries must sign up agree that all countries must sign up to it. there are precedents that will be set by the various member states in the eu collectively in the uk. that will be there in writing,
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if not legally binding, but as promises to the eu countries, their own governments and people. the french say they want some sort of continued access to uk waters on fishing, then emmanuelle macron will not have that in the withdrawal agreement in the future relationship and have to rub it out and put 0'briant riot —— line through it later. not legally binding, but certainly something which all countries in the eu and uk separately will be able to revisit and change over time, though not fundamentally. thank you, jonathan. they outside source screen is still there, there are some technical problems here at the bbc, so we've had to switch studios. for one evening only, this is where we will do that evening from. us tariffs on steel and aluminium imports are going to be scrutinised by the world trade organisation.
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that's a response to complaints from a number of countries including china to canada. samira hussain is in new york for us. first reaction on seeing this story is what can the wto do about what donald trump wants to introduce? well here's the thing, we have several countries complaining about what donald trump's trade policies mean for them, in particular these ta riffs mean for them, in particular these tariffs on steel and aluminium. the process has been fairly drawn out and torturous, often is the case with these global bodies. lots of systems to go through, the country has had to file a complaint, there was a process and consultation. when that failed, they asked for an arbitration panel to be set up, which was refuted and refused by the us, so countries that had complaints had the file again. usually by the second complaint, that ensures that a panel will be set up. we have had
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that news confirmed this wednesday. this signals that the process will go on for quite a while and can be quite lengthy, and involves lots of lawyers. but the us also complaining about retaliation from other countries because of its actions. thank you, michelle. let's talk through the process. the bbc‘s annual 100 women season is underway. this is where we focus on the stories of 100 inspiration women. one of them is stacey cunningham, she's new president of the new york stock exchange, and samira hussain has been speaking with her. when i look around at the management tea m when i look around at the management team or the intercontinental exchange management team, there are lots of senior women in very senior roles and senior executives. so i don't see it quite... i think there isa don't see it quite... i think there is a trend to have more senior women and leader roles, and i think that we are moving in the right direction. we are not moving quite
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as quickly as it global landscape, but i think we are heading in the right direction. still, the number of public company ceos that are women is dreadfully low and frankly falling, which is the wrong direction to see. so i think we need society to change a little bit and help support what the expectations are of senior executives and what they look like. why are there fewer women ceos? there has never really been a ceo of an investment because woman. we welcome women to the fixed up woman. we welcome women to the fixed up —— stock extend all the time. if i look back, most of them are men. there were two women ceos. but as we stand on the bell podium, while there have been very few women, there have been very few women, there are more women in senior executive roles at those companies. so we see women are rising to the ranks, and! so we see women are rising to the ranks, and i think that is a sign of good things to come. do you think the finance industry is overdue for
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its own me to movement castillo when i look at some of the trends we saw and finance a couple decades ago... there was a bit of a cleansing there, certainly a message that people need to be treated with respect to the office. and there we re respect to the office. and there were stories of women who had not been treated appropriately. so i think finance may have been ahead of the game to some extent in this movement, but the message we need to ta ke movement, but the message we need to take away and we should all be taking from any of the events that unfolded over the last 12 months or so is that every individual deserves to be treated with respect. and if you are coming into work each day, thatis you are coming into work each day, that is a base—level right that you have. and as leaders of organisations, we must make sure thatis organisations, we must make sure that is what is going on. you can find out more about all 100 women on the bbc news website. i'll be back with the second half of outside source, as well is with a —— an update on the conflict in the event soon.
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hello there. plenty of interesting stories to talk about across the globe at the moment, let's start off with the us. thanksgiving long holiday weekend approaching, and it looks as though we could see a west— east split. 0n the west coast we have some rain threatening from a series of fronts pushing in from the pacific. that is good news because that will bring some welcome rain to dampen down some of those wildfires. we also have this level of high pressure which is driving bitterly cold air out of canada, and we could see some record—breaking daytime highs. it will be cold and windy with the potential for lake effect snow actually on thanks giving day itself, it should be quieter. but when you factor in that bitter cold airand the when you factor in that bitter cold air and the strength of the wind, it will feel very disappointing. so temperatures across new york might not get above freezing, factor in the wind, as well, and it will feel
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much colder than that. but it looks as though the rain will use in saving cisco for the start of the weekend, and things look a little bit quieter. and it will get milder —— san francisco. it is only a sharp shock. to south asia, where we have an area of hair —— heavy rain that has brought out the warnings into southern areas, very heavy rainfall expected and affecting sri lanka. west of that it is quiet, relatively settled and warm, so the showers will continue into colombo over the next few days, temperatures into the high 20s in new delhi. a couple of tropical depressions, one in the pacific, not expected to cost too much of an issue. this one moves to the philippines and may push towards southern vietnam. hot off the heels of one system we've already seen, thatis of one system we've already seen, that is not welcome news and it will only exacerbate some mudslides and
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localised flooding they have seen there, so we need to keep an eye on that. it has been stormy through europe, but things were quiet. a series of fronts are trying to push into spain and portugal, but generally speaking fate that bit of high pressure. be rainy and cold particularly through the north eastern half of europe where temperatures will struggle to sit just a degree or so above freezing. a cold day on thursday, the best of the sunshine looks to be through france and stretching down into italy, as well, temperatures here in the single fixtures, and moscow by day just a maximum the single fixtures, and moscow by dayjust a maximum of minus one degree. that is how it looks across europe, for the uk it has been cold, a little less cold albeit great. if you want more details on that, you can geta you want more details on that, you can get a detailed forecast coming up can get a detailed forecast coming up injust under half an hour's time. hello this is bbc news with ros atkins. the headlines. there's deep concern over the case of a british academic,
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jailed for life in the united arab emirates. matthew hedges has been found guilty of spying on behalf of the uk government. theresa may says further progress has been made during crunch brexit talks in brussels, as both sides look to finalise a deal before sunday's eu summit. we've had a very good meeting this evening. we've made good progress, and as a result, we've given sufficient direction to our negotiators. i hope for them to be able to resolve the remaining issues, and that work will start immediately. saudi arabia denies ordering the death of journalist jamal khashoggi. in an interview with the bbc, its foreign minister says those making accusations are crossing a red line. you have individuals calling for the removal and replacement of our leaders. that's ridiculous, and that's unacceptable in saudi arabia, and no one saudi citizen will tolerate this. and david attenborough is to take up the so—called ‘people's seat‘ at next month's united nations climate
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change conference. the un is again trying to kick—start peace talks between two sides in yemen. the war is almost 4 years old, and since 2015 has been between houthi rebels and government forces which are backed by a saudi—led coalition. the un envoy martin griffiths flew to sanaa today. here he is arriving. he's hoping for a firm commitment for talks to take place in sweden before the end of the year. he appears to be getting some support from the united states, which has backed the saudis in the conflict. lyse doucet has more on this from riyadh. it's a measure of the difficulty of martin griffith's ambition to hold talks that he says don't call them talks, they are just consultations. he is trying to lower expectations, and that is the reality in yemen. his effort to hold consultations
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in geneva in september failed when the houthi didn't show up making new demands at the 11th hour. he says he has commitments from yemenis on the houthi rebel side, and on the yemeni government side to come to the next round which he is hoping to hold around december third or fourth in stockholm. he is painfully aware as he heads to sanaa today at how hard his task is that is going to be. a lot is at stake. the un fears an all—out assault for the port city of hodeidah. under heavy western pressure, the yemeni government and its saudi backers had largely suspended an offensive there recently, and the houthis hinted at a broader ceasefire. but those hopes of a ceasefire were short lived. intense fighting broke out there on monday after a brief pause in violence. hodeidah has been a big
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focus in the war. it's also a life—line for yemenis. focus in the war. hodeidah has been a big focus in the war. it's also a life—line for yemenis. 80% of commercial food imports and virtually all humanitarian aid passes throughs hodeidah and millions face starvation if it's damaged or closed. these next pictures i'm going to show you from hodeidah are upsetting. they were sent in by the uk charity save the children. this is nusair. he's13—months—old. the charity blames the saudi blockade for preventing aid from reaching civilians like him. it said an estimated 85,000 children under the age of five may have already died from malnutrition in yemen. if the fighting was to escalate, that aid would be restricted still. here's lyse again.
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given is a proxy war, and on top of thatis given is a proxy war, and on top of that is world's worst humanitarian crisis is —— yemen that is a proxy world. that is the enormity of the task, and every day that there is no cessation of hostilities is a day too long for many yemeni civilians. there are civilians would be the airports and seaports opened, to allow humanitarian food to come into to allow imports to come in, and there are restrictions on all sides that make peoples lives more desperate by the day. the stand—off between italy and the eu over the new italian budget continues to escalate. the eu says the budget is unaffordable, and said today that formal proceedings
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are now "warranted". that might mean fines. the nub of this is that italy's populist government wants to borrow far more than the eu feels is sensible. nicola borri is an economist at luiss university in rome, here's her analysis. well, the problem with italy comes from a long time, so italian productivity has been declining since 2000. what really needs is first, a big structuralform was up and that it is possible for an example for additional public spending to much to boost growth and infrastructure, but the budget that has been proposed by the government does contain any of this. the main new expense to make expenditures come from a citizens income —— expenditures come from citizens income, but from people who create
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problems in the labour market because it would push workers who are low—wage from the open economy to the black economy. the new interpol president will be kimjong—yang, from south korea. he beat the russian front runner, alexander prokopchuk. mr prokopchuk‘s there on the right. he was accused of using interpol‘s arrest warrant system to target critics of the kremlin, so he was rejected for the top job. interpol is a powerful organisation. it's comprised of 194 countries, combining their police forces and sharing intelligence. so it's important to have a trusted president. british financier bill browder is a prominent kremlin critic, who's widely credited with introducing us sanctions on top russian officials accused of corruption. he said having the russian candidate as president would be like "putting the mafia in charge." here he is. the president of interpol basically guides the strategic direction of the organisation, and if you have a russian guiding the strategic
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direction of the organisation towards the direction that putin wants, that is a very bad sign, it's something that no rule of law loving person in the world should want to have happen. that didn't sit well with the kremlin, which those kinds of comments amounted to a "certain kind of interference in the electoral process of an international organisation". it's worth reminding you that this election has only come about because the former president, meng hongwei, vanished two months ago travelling to china. 0n the day he went missing, he sent a text message to his wife, using the knife emoji. that was the last message she received from him. chinese authorities have now confirmed they've got him in custody for alleged bribe—taking, as part of china's sweeping anti—corru ption crackdown. so what if the russian candidate had won? eli lake is a columnist covering us national security and foreign policy for bloomberg. here's his opinion. well, i think it would have pulled
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the plug on an organisation on life support. it would have necessitated by the united states and its allies in europe, and asia to form an alternative to interpol because even though the president of the organisation does not control the day—to—day functions of it, it sends a strategic message that the countries were pioneered the abuse of issuing notices for arrests, and notices against political opponents. criminals could rise to the top of the organisation. keep in mind, this is after the chinese disappearance of the last president of interpol. we have not heard from him since. so
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these are very very serious matters, and in some ways you could say they dodged a bullet, but i would say the organisation still has enormous reform ahead of it. an american tourist has been killed by a protected tribe in remote islands in the bay of bengal. it's believed 27—year—old john allen chau was a christian missionary. he was killed with bows and arrows, and his body was left on the beach. police have arrested the fishermen who took him there. it all happened in the andaman and nicobar islands which are governed by india. travel to the remotest parts of the archipelago is banned, for the safety both of local people and outsiders. fewer than 150 of the sentinelese tribe are known to exist. this american missionary was taken by fishermen to north sentinel island on the 16th of november. his body was discovered on the beach four days later. police say mr chau had been to the islands before.
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a murder investigation has begun, but it is the fishermen who will pay the price. the sentinelese cannot be prosecuted. it's hard to exaggerate how remote this tribe is. there's fewer than 150 of them left and they repel any outside attempt at contact. back in 2004 after the boxing day tsunami the indian authorities wanted to see if they were ok, they weren't exactly welcomed. here's anbarasan ethirajan, our south asia regional editor. there were some kind of worries whether this tribe had managed to survive, it was one of the worst hit areas and i was there in the 2004 2005 tsunami. people were talking about we don't know what happened to these tribes because we are never in touch with them. people tried to hit helicopters with arrows. how this man managed to reach is still a mystery because it is illegal to go anywhere near the island. so now police are investigating. they are investigating the fishermen because
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he is not supposed to take them there. the indian government has allowed some of these islands not to be disturbed without indians who wa nt to wa nt be disturbed without indians who want to want to go to those islands the need special permits to go to the need special permits to go to the islands. they want to protect the islands. they want to protect the people on the island. even these people don't, every year the indian authorities try to go and give them rations like coconuts, and they do not want anyone to come on the island. they use their bows and arrows to scare people away. to zimbabwe now, where it's one year since robert mugabe was forced out of office after 37 years. for many it was the most momentous day in the country's post—independence history, but he left zimbabwe facing an economic crisis. looking at the changes in the last year, shingai nyoka reports from harare. zimbabweans savouring the moment.
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the end of an era. robert mugabe was no longer president. this is how 36—year—old vimba supported the departure of the only leader she had ever known. i have seen nothing but the worst in our country. i am from bulawayo. we didn't want mugabe at all. he is the one who engineered the gukurahundi. we are tired of this man, we are so glad he has gone. we don't want him anymore and, yes, today, it's victory, it's victory in our hearts, it's victory for our children and it's. .. i'm so sorry. it has been a year without robert mugabe. 0n the anniversary of that momentous event, we sought her out to find out what, if anything, had changed. the new dispensation has brought
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in a certain level of freedom that we didn't have and that is why right now i can stand here and have an interview with you and people are calm about it. there are some positives but the main thing, the currency, the economy, because we can talk about everything else but we still need to live as the people of zimbabwe and our children need to go to school. this was the bustling capital under mr mugabe, overrun with vendors. now an unfamiliar calm has settled over the capital. president mnangagwa has claimed success, order, morejobs and fresh investor interest. but his rule has also ushered in the worst economic crisis in a decade, including a fuel crisis and food price hikes. his critics blame unprecedented government borrowing for the inflation. his administration has also
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been defined by this. post—election protests that left six people dead and accusations of a cover—up. a sharp contrast to these november celebrations, it raised questions about whether citizens had been used to elevate another brutal regime. there was something that was ushered in, a new cultural climate that was ushered in by november 2017. i don't think that this country will ever have another demigod again, and it is part of what they are celebrating, so you will find that citizens are going to remain very sceptical of politicians and that is why mnangagwa is having a tough time, because people don't want to give him the same open cheque that they gave mugabe over 37 years. zimbabweans are still in search of healing, prosperity and deliverance. some had hoped that the swift and smart coup could also bring about a swift turnaround.
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translation: when mugabe was leader, life was better. life was tough, but better than this. the crises are just rising. what we used to buy with $2 now costs $10, or $10.75. mr mugabe, who for years was a symbol of zimbabwe's ruin, is no longer in charge. it is now for those who forced him from power to prove that they are the solution to the problems many believe he created. the headlines on bbc news... british academic matthew hedges is jailed for life in the united arab emirates after being convicted of spying. the british prime minister says progress has been made during crunch brexit talks in brussels, but further talks are needed to finalise a deal ahead of a crucial eu summit on sunday. saudi arabia's foreign minister has told the bbc his country did not
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order the murder of a journalist, and said calls for their crown prince to be replaced were ridiculous and unacceptable. a report now on teenagers and gambling. more than 50,000 children in the uk have developed a gambling problem, according to a report by the gambling commission. the regulator says more teenagers now gamble, than drink alcohol, smoke or use drugs. chi chi izundu reports. i got addicted on betting terminal, which are the terminals and manager. matt started gambling when he was 16. by the time he stopped, he had racked up more than £16,000 in debt. it was very exhilarating. when you win, its like a massive adrenaline rush. when you become addicted to is
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the anticipation between bets, so if you have a bat of these machines you can gamble again 20 seconds later. you get that hit three a minute. new report has found that the number of children who have a gambling problem has quadrupled to more than 50,000 injust two problem has quadrupled to more than 50,000 in just two years. the gambling commission says that 11 to 16—year—olds are using bets with friends, slot machines, and scratch cards. the regulator also highlighted concerns that nearly a million young people are being exposed to gambling in loop boxes in video games. we are clearly concerned as an industry that in gaming taxes such as loop boxes will encourage young people into gambling, for the something we have been looking at, notjust regulation and legislation. campaigners agreed toa camp and legislation. campaigners agreed to a camp down on gaming, but they also want regulation. and they also
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wa nt also want regulation. and they also want treatment centres for those who need help with that they say that should be included in the industry. i want should be included in the industry. iwant1%, and should be included in the industry. i want 1%, and that would produce £140 million a year so we can treat people and educate people, and that make sure that parents understand how to help their children once their children begin gambling online. that's an essential part of the whole programme. in a statement, the whole programme. in a statement, the department of digital culture and media said it expects companies to go above and beyond when they break the rules, and parents and businesses need to remain vigilant at the risks of gambling. today's study suggest that 450,000 children that regulate, but the warning is u nless that regulate, but the warning is unless more is done, some of those will become addicts. whale song is one of the most studied sounds in the natural environment, and scientists continue to make new discoveries.
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researchers spent 13 years studying a group of nearly 100 humpback whales east of australia and found their song is constantly evolving. this is the sound made by one pod in 2003. now listen to this, this was what the same pod were singing two years later. what the scientists found was that gradual song changes are due to embellishments introduced by individual males, because it's the males that do the singing, and those changes are then learned by the rest of the group. the changes in their songs weren't all gradual, like any musical trend sometimes things changed much faster. scientists found that every few years there was a "cultural revolution", when the whales changed their tune completely. here's one of the team. essentially what we found is that
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over a 13 year period, the song goes through a small gradual change that we call evolutions, and we found that as the song was evolving slowly, it was gradually getting more and more complex, some more sounds. the song was longer, things like that. but when these cultural revolutions happen, the new tsonga came in was always simpler than the one it replaced. —— the new song... so we had an increase in complexity, that in evolution would happen and thena drop that in evolution would happen and then a drop in complexity, and that it would evolve and have less complexity. we had eight oscillating pattern of song complexity that matched up with the revolution events. we think these revolutions occur because either the song gets so occur because either the song gets so complex that becomes too
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difficult for them to learn, and they need to start over again and they need to start over again and the need to start over with a much simpler song, whether you're a brand—new song that they want to learn, but they have the simple —— they have to simplify it because it's too difficult for them to learn a really complicated song. we already new that cultural learning, learning from one another was a big pa rt of learning from one another was a big part of a humpback whale ecology, because we see it in their song, and we see it in other aspects such as their feeding ecology, but what this tells us is there might be some kind of limitation to that learning, so there might be some kind of cap either in terms of how complex of things they can learn, or how much new material they can learn at one time. next month politicians from around the world will gather for the united nations climate change conference in poland. but for the first time ever one seat at the table will not be
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reserved for a nation. it's being called ‘the people's seat and the idea is it will give ordinary people a voice on this all important issue. sir david attenborough is one of those involved. i'll leave you with this interview, he's been talking to our science correspondent victoria gill. it's either too hot, or to hold. the world is a place where we all live together, and if we don't take care of it we will have nowhere to go. the monsoons are sometimes coming too early or too late, nothing is on time. of course, but what can i do about that? concern and confusion over climate change. it's a global conversation, and now the un has turned to a very familiar figure to ta ke turned to a very familiar figure to take messages like these from people all around the world to the crucial climate talks in poland. the the
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people's seat is representing hundreds of millions of people around the world whose lives are about to be affected, by climate change. so they will sit there to remind politicians that this is not a theoretical enterprise. this is our opportunity to collectively make a difference to have our voices heard. it is not one man's at du, it is not one—to—one and's view. —— it is not one—to—one and's view. —— it is not one man's view, it is not one—to—one how would you convince people that they can make a difference and they can be a part of the common perception? that is what i've spent my life trying to do. i want to show
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people how the natural world works. and making it clear that we human beings depend upon the health of the natural world for every breath of airthat we natural world for every breath of air that we breathe. what would you wa nt to air that we breathe. what would you want to say to the politicians, not just being a conduit for the people but what was your message be? my message is that the people of the world know that the world is changing, and they are behind politicians taking action. that's what the people's a seat is representing. people want to stop climate change. the people's seat. well people want to remind leaders of what is at stake, any action will be at the hands of the politicians in the room. hello there. anytime you have clear
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skies at this time of year with long nights, you have frosty weather. over the next few days we will see more clouds dragging it across the uk so it will be not as prostate. we have low pressure across the southwest and high—pressure to the northeast. not quite so cold the first thing for the eastern side of the uk. we will see a few showers and a couple of bursts of rain in particular for eastern scotland. perhaps western scotland and wales, and parts of southern england to see some showers. eastern england could see some heavy winds. temperatures will be very similar on thursday to what we had on wednesday. during the evening, and into the night, we still have quite a bit of clouds around. there will be a few holds around. there will be a few holds around england and wales, so temperatures will head towards
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freezing, but it's not going to be widely frosty. fairly cloudy looking day for friday. some sharp showers in the southwest, and again a bit more rain coming into the eastern parts of scotland. temperatures aren't staying around seven to 9 degrees. here is the weather picture as he had to the weekend. low pressure is threatening to push weather fronts and showers into the southern parts of england. away from your come out lots of dry weather. we still have an easterly breeze, but it's very gentle on saturday. it will drag in but it's very gentle on saturday. it willdrag ina but it's very gentle on saturday. it will drag in a lot of clouds though. those temperatures will begin to rise a little bit on saturday, so we could see ten or 11 degrees in the south, but there is colder air around areas of high pressure to the north, and that is starting to extend its way towards the uk giving more of an influence to our weather bringing dry weather, and dragging
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down something in little chillier on sunday. it will be a little bit more pronounced easterly breeze on sunday. there could be one or two showers here and there especially towards the south, but places will be dry but fairly cloudy. frost did happen on monday morning, and there could be a bit of sunshine around because high—pressure is moving down from the north. those temperatures will be from six to 8 degrees. as we head into next week, there is more uncertainty. there is high—pressure coming down, and it looks like we will see this frame pushing it across the uk, driven by low pressure that is moving to the northwest of our shores. if that happens, on the whole, we have the breeze coming in from the south or southwest, so that means milder air. the area of low pressure sticks and that pressure —— a sticks in that
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system. low pressure could stick across the uk and bring rain and more widely. we could see some incursions of colder air coming down from the north. it looks more likely that we will see the milder conditions. some rain, but south—westerly wind so but there is uncertainty, and our computer models are diverging. hopefully over the next two days we will see them co nve rg e next two days we will see them converge and there will be more certainty in the forecast. the prime minister says progress has been made during talks in brussels but she will return on saturday to resolve more issues. all smiles with the commission president but it's a race against time now, as negotiations go right down to the wire ahead the eu summit planned for sunday we have given sufficient direction to our negotiators, i hope, to be able to resolve remaining issues. and that work will start immediately. but tonight spain has said it will not agree to the brexit deal unless changes are made to the wording over gibraltar. also on the programme...
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a 31—year—old student from durham university is jailed in dubai charged with spying for the british governement a six—year—old sexually assaulted by boys at school — her parents win compensation from the local authority gambling has made this woman britain's highest paid executive — denise coates earned 265 million pounds last year from bet365.
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