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tv   BBC News at One  BBC News  November 22, 2018 1:00pm-1:31pm GMT

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the right deal for britain: theresa may commends an agreement just reached with brussels on our future relationship with the eu. the prime minister says she's confident the deal will be signed off by eu leaders at the weekend. this is the right dealfor the uk. it delivers on the vote of the referendum, it brings back control of our borders, our money and our laws, and it does so while protecting jobs, protecting our security, and protecting the integrity of the uk. we'll have the latest from downing street and from brussels. also this lunchtime... mi5 admits it made a mistake in failing to track the manchester bomber — mps catalogue the missed opportunities. it's possible that if some of the clues had been picked up, there might have been a different outcome, but i think it's very important to emphasise that you can never have certainty in these matters. the wife of the british man jailed for life in the united arms emirates
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says the foreign office have let him down. i was under the impression that they were putting their interests with the uae above a british citizen's right for freedom. and scientists warn the window of opportunity to tackle rising global temperatures has almost closed. and coming up on bbc news... a remarkable sporting comeback story as robert kubica returns to formula one, eight years after a rally crash that nearly claimed his life. good afternoon and welcome to the bbc news at one. the prime minister says britain and the eu have reached an agreement on their future relationship
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that is the right dealfor britain. negotiators from london and brussels agreed to the 26—page text overnight. in downing street a short time ago, the prime minister said the british people want a good deal that sets them on course for a brighterfuture — that deal, said mrs may, is within our grasp. she's hoping to have the agreement signed off by european leaders at a summit on sunday. our political correspondent, iain watson, has the latest. in the last few minutes, the prime minister emerged from downing street to announce a political declaration had been agreed, road map to a future relationship with the eu. the text of that declaration has been agreed between the european union and the united kingdom. i have updated the cabinet on progress and i will be making a statement to the house of commons later this afternoon. this is the right deal
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for the uk. the british people want this to be settled, they want a good deal that sets us on course for a brighter future. that deal is within out brighter future. that deal is within s . brighter future. that deal is within our grasp. it all looked a lot rockier overnight. spain sounded off about gibraltar ‘s future trading relationship but it now looks like that won't stand in the way of a deal. the draft document setting out britain's future relationship with the eu was reached in brussels. the prime minister was pleased the uk can develop an independent trade policy and the deal would see the ending of free movement between the european union and the united kingdom. it delivers on the vote of the referendum, it brings back control of our borders, money and laws, and it does so while protecting jobs, our security and the integrity of the uk. both the dup and some cabinet critics were unhappy about the arrangements to avoid hard border in ireland, the
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controversial backstop that would keep the uk closely aligned to eu rules, so the document today states there is a determination to replace there is a determination to replace the backstop solution by a subsequent agreement that establishes alternative arrangements. but there are some things long—standing brexiteers won't like, a commitment to keep the regulatory and customs cooperation with the eu. we will be tied into the customs union and all the laws of the eu want on trade, and i assume be governed by the european court on it, so it is worse than many people had anticipated and it is certainly not the clear—cut declaration we were promised. it seems to me the eu has got everything they want and we have nothing we want. clearly there are some controversial phrases contained in this political declaration, but if you go through its 26 pages, what is also striking is how much is left to be sorted out after brexit. no
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new fisheries policy until 2020, and a recurring phrase, the parties should consider appropriate arrangements about various things. in other words let's kick that can down the road. getting agreement in brussels was the first step, getting agreement in westminster can be far more difficult. in a moment we'll be speaking to adam fleming in brussels, but first our assistant political editor norman smith is at downing street. it has been a pretty rocky few days for the prime minister, how much is getting this agreement a boost for her? this document really is mrs may's the excel, her big brexit pitch to the country, to her party and above all to her brexit critics, because this is the document she says delivers on the referendum so
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it has all the things that are so important to those who voted for brexit such as ending freedom of movement, ending the oversight of the european court, ending the common fisheries policy, and crucially it seeks to address, at least verbally, some of the key concerns of her brexit critics. on theissue concerns of her brexit critics. on the issue of the backstop it says the issue of the backstop it says the eu and the uk will show a determination to bring it to an end. on an independent trade policy it says the uk will be able to still develop its own independent trade policy. the issue of fishing quotas, thatis policy. the issue of fishing quotas, that is put off for another day, but most importantly there's no mention of having to abide by a common eu rule book which was at the heart of mrs may's chequers deal. the hope is it may not win over the dad's army brigade but there may be enough in this to get some of the middle
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ground brexiteers on board to back the government, boosting mrs may's chances of getting the deal through. thank you very much indeed, norman smith. adam fleming is in brussels for us. this is only a draft agreement, negotiated by officials from london and brussels, how likely is it to be signed off on sunday?” and brussels, how likely is it to be signed off on sunday? i think we will find out by lunchtime tomorrow because the draft document has been signed off by the negotiators, the european commission and uk government and it's now in the hands of the 27 eu member states. there are officials are going through it, and tomorrow lunchtime there will be and tomorrow lunchtime there will be a meeting between prime ministerial advisers who put the finishing touches to the summit on sunday. what the negotiations have tried to do is give something to everyone, so if you are france and you are
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worried about the constraints put on the uk for access to the single market, there's stuff in there. if you are the netherlands and you do loads of trade with the uk there's stuff in there about making it as easy as possible. if you are denmark oi’ easy as possible. if you are denmark or portugal and you are worried about having access to british waters, there is a pledge to deal with that further down the line but there is not a commitment to the spanish government about the future state of gibraltar. i have a feeling that might be dealt with in a separate political process over the weekend. also a gift to brexit correspondence, we will be talking about this for years if not decades! thank you. the rest of the day's news now. mi5 has admitted for the first time that it made a mistake in failing to track the manchester bomber salman abedi, whose attack last year killed 22 people. a report by mps on the intelligence and security committee says mi5 missed potential opportunites to stop the attack. the mps say mi5 admits it moved "too slowly" in establishing how
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dangerous salman abedi really was. daniel sandford reports. salman abedi killed 22 people when he detonated a suicide bomb at an ariana grande concert at manchester arena in may last year. he was known to mi5 and counter—terrorism policing, and had visited a hardened extremist in prison. his case was even under review at the time of the attack, but mi5 had not asked border staff to notify them when he left or entered the country. we learned today that mi5 now admits that was a mistake. he returned from libya just before the attack. abedi had made his bomb by buying chemicals often used to make explosives. but the system for retailers warning police about the purchase of chemicals has not been modernised, and dates back to the ira era of fertiliser bombs. in its enquiry, held behind closed doors,
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parliament's intelligence and security committee looked at the secret files and spoke to mi5 and concluded there had been failures in how abedi was handled, and potential opportunities to prevent the manchester attack had been missed. it is possible that if some of the clues had been picked up, there might have been a different outcome, but i think it's very important to emphasise that you can never have certainty in these matters. abedi was a subject of interest to the intelligence services, but the difficulty was that he didn't rise to a level where he became of such interest where he was being very closely monitored. the manchester bombing was the worst of five terrorist attacks last year and the committee found problems in how the attackers in four of them were handled. it said there were still problems in information sharing between mi5 and police and other public services.
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the westminster bridge attacker khalid masood and the london bridge attackers hired vehicles for their attacks, but the committee is concerned that a proposed new system for car hire companies providing information to police may not go far enough. the committee also wanted to look at what it saw as fundamental failures in how ahmed hassan, the parsons green bomber, was handled by the police and surrey county council, but they didn't get the evidence from the home office until this morning. the committee chair said today that that was completely unacceptable. daniel joins me live from central london. how damaging is this for mi5? inevitably, because this inquiry looked at all five attacks in 2017, seven different attackers, six of whom had been known in some way to
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the police and m15, there are a large number of criticisms from how intelligent is shared by secret services and the police with other agencies to how extremist videos are hosted by famous internet companies to how the prison service deals with terrorist inmates, and there's a long list of things that went wrong, not least the thought that if the dots had beenjoined quicker, perhaps salman abedi could have been prevented from carrying out the manchester bombing attack. m15 and counterterrorism police are self—critical organisations, much of this information came from them and mps were this information came from them and m ps were relu cta nt this information came from them and mps were reluctant to put the boot m, mps were reluctant to put the boot in, saying the agencies and police remain among the best in the world and prevented 13 other attacks since the westminster bridge attacked last year. daniel, thank you very much indeed. the wife of a british academic jailed for life in the united arab emirates says the way the foreign office has handled the case has been appalling. matthew hedges, from durham university, is accused of spying, but his wife —
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daniela tejada — insists he's innocent and says the british government has failed to take a firm enough stance over his ordeal. richard galpin reports. daniela tejada, on the right here, returning to london this morning after witnessing yesterday's court hearing in abu dhabi which she said lasted less than five minutes. her husband shaking when he heard how he 110w husband shaking when he heard how he now faced up to 25 years in prison. ina bbc now faced up to 25 years in prison. in a bbc radio interview, she said charges were trumped up. in a bbc radio interview, she said charges were trumped upm shouldn't have had to get to this instance. his innocence is evident, and every evidence against him is com pletely and every evidence against him is completely fabricated. he was put through so much pain for six months that absolutely nothing that he said
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could be used against him. her husband, matthew hedges, was arrested in may after a trip to the uae doing research for his ph.d.. his wife says he was held in solitary confinement for months and subjected to intense interrogation, and said she had repeatedly called on the foreign office to take action. i was under the impression that they were putting their interests with the uae above a british citizen's right for freedom. they were stepping on eggshells. but this morning the uae ambassador was summoned to the foreign office for what had been described as frank discussions with jeremy hunt, what had been described as frank discussions withjeremy hunt, the foreign secretary, who had earlier warned this case would have repercussions for relations between the two countries. thousands of british people live in the uae and many come on holiday here but several have fallen foul of the law,
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including david haig who spent almost two years in prison for fraud before being acquitted. he said his experience was terrifying. the phone was pretty much broken all the time so was pretty much broken all the time so you couldn't phone anyone come you couldn't talk to your lawyers, there was meetings and abuse, you could hear a break from the other cells, horror a sickly. matthew hedges was now starting his long prison sentence, he and his wife pinning their hopes on the possibility of an appeal and the action that the foreign office is 110w action that the foreign office is now taking. our diplomatic correspondent paul adams here, and matthew hedges' wife very angry and we understand she is meeting the foreign secretary this afternoon? so far today we've had the meeting between the foreign secretary and uae ambassador. there's a feeling
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the foreign office want to see what the foreign office want to see what the other parts of the legal process might entail before deciding what moves to take. the firstjob for jeremy hunt is to reassure daniela tejada that everything is indeed being done to secure matthew hedges' release. she is disappointed and angry and doesn't believe the foreign office did anything until she went public in october and forced it out into the open. the problem is the united arab emirates are adamant, they say they have proof that matthew hedges was spying for britain, they say he confessed in courtand for britain, they say he confessed in court and put his signature to a confession. the family says this was a result of extreme pressure on him bordering on frankly torture, but so far it is not obvious the united arab emirates is preparing or willing to back down from its position. paul adams, willing to back down from its position. pauladams, thank willing to back down from its position. paul adams, thank you. a major new report has highlighted the scale of mental illness suffered
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by children and young people in england. data collected by nhs digital shows one in eight 5—to—19 year olds had a mental disorder last year. our health correspondent dominic hughes reports. for years emma has struggled with a range of mental health problems. from the age of 13, she suffered from anxiety and panic attacks and then an eating disorder robbed her of her teenage years. i felt like i didn't deserve anything really. deserve help off people who care about me. i hate what i see in the mirror. and i hate eating. and i hate feeling like healthy. and it's the one that's taken the most from me. it's the one that's caused me to be in hospital so much. but emma is far from alone. today's research suggests a growing number of young people are
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experiencing problems with mental health. more people recognising there is a problem and seeking help is not a bad thing, because we have effective treatments. we just need to ensure that we can get those that come forward into those effective treatments. this new research reflects the changed digital world we now live in and the pressures that brings, but the underlying causes of mental health problems are complex and varied — friendships, family and schools all present challenges. clearly there is progress being made, but it is baby steps, it is only in recent years that there has been a recognition that this is such a scale of issue. in my view, it won't be enough, it needs to be an absolute national priority and we need to just stretch every sinew to really offer all children the help they need. the health secretary in england says he wants mental health problems to be treated in the same way as physical illnesses and has promised a greater proportion of nhs budget will be spent on children's mental health. i really care about making sure that
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children who have mental health problems can get the treatment and the support and help that they need — close to home, close to school. meanwhile, emma is continuing her recovery. but her generation seems to be struggling with the growing pressures of modern life. our top story this lunchtime. the right dealfor britain — theresa may commends an agreement just reached with brussels on ourfuture relationship with the eu. and i'm going to be looking at how using magnets could be the key to helping oysters survive. coming up on bbc news, the head of world rugby has called for stricter refereeing to stop dangerous tackles. brett gosper thinks greater use of red and yellow cards would change behaviour. climate experts have warned
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that the window of opportunity to tackle rising global temperatures is almost closed. the world meteorological organisation says greenhouse gases in the atmosphere reached record levels last year. it says that without immediate action to cut them, the impact on life on earth will be irreversible. our science correspondent pallab ghosh reports. the world is warming because the amount of some gases in the earth's atmosphere have been steadily increasing since the industrial revolution. these so—called greenhouse gases are now at record levels, higher than they've been for 3 million years will stop it's extremely critical to take actions now and not wait until we are half the wonderful solutions because we we do not act now all these gases,
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especially carbon dioxide, will stay in the atmosphere for thousands of yea rs in the atmosphere for thousands of years and there's nothing we could do about that. since 1990 concentrations of greenhouse gases have increased by a0 descent. in that time, levels of co2 increased sharply to a00 ppm. the last time that concentrations were so high, the planet was between two three degrees warmer. computer models indicate that warming is likely to be repeated resulting in damaging and irreversible climate change. a group of britain's leading scientists has called for radical action. the i think it's transparent that we need really substantial transformation across all parts of society and industrial sectors, so we need transformation to our energy production, we need to move transport towards electrification more rapidly, we need to be thinking about removing the carbon dioxide and putting it under the ground, so
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carbon capture and storage. we need to see change across every sector. ata time to see change across every sector. at a time when china and india are growing their economies, the planet's net emissions of co2 will need to be zero by 2050 to prevent damaging climate change. two degree rise will mean that the world will have no coral. the message to the world's political leaders when they meet in poland next month is that time is running out. pallab ghosh, bbc news. on the eve of black friday, britain's financial watchdog says it wants to cap the prices people pay for household goods like televisions and washing machines when they buy from rent—to—own shops. the financial conduct authority believes that in some cases, people who are often on very low incomes end up paying several times the average retail price. our personal finance correspondent simon gompertz reports. rent to own can look like a lifeline — just a few pounds a week and nothing big up front.
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but on credit, over three years, the cost adds up. the worst examples the fsa found were a washer/dryer, eventually costing five times the normal price, including insurance and extended warranty, and a gas cooker which would have set you back nearly six times what you might pay elsewhere. which means michelle got off comparatively lightly when she bought her cooker, but she is still angry that it turned out to be nearly three times the normal cost. if they're publicising that they're helping vulnerable people, or people on low incomes, then, at the end of the day, they shouldn't exploit them by higher interest rates. they should be capped. the new price cap will mean that rent to own customers like michelle will never have to pay more than double the standard retail price, once the cost of credit is taken into account. what we're trying to do here is make sure when they do need to use this kind of credit that actually they're
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protected from some of the worst excesses we have seen in this market. it is the offer of something new which draws people in. one of companies, perfect homes, said today it recognised consumers‘ need to be protected. but here is a way of avoiding the problem, this re—use centre in essex, one of 200 across the country. reconditioned items at low prices, with a guarantee. the financial watchdog, the fca, wants more people to come to places like this where second hand and nearly new appliances are refurbished and sold on much more cheaply and they're sending out the message that where the rent to own retailers charge too much for credit, they will put a cap on it. the biggest rent to own chain, bright house, said it would consider the new regime carefully, but whether they like it or not, the plan is from next april they will face an upper limit on what they can charge. simon gompertz, bbc news.
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the government says we're throwing away too many things that are potentially useful. "upcycling" is the idea of re—using old materials as a way cutting waste. our environment analyst roger harrabin has been to brighton, where the council has already employed its first "resource goddess". in brighton, here's one of the most unusual houses in britain. from a distance it looks like a fairly conventional modern home, clad in black tiles. in fact, the entire house is made out of waste. and here's surprise number one. the traditional black tiles are not tiles at all. they are carpet tiles, turned back to front. absolutely extraordinary. the building has hollow walls. they are stuffed with experimental forms of insulation, including old denim jeans, cassette tapes, videos, and abandoned duvets.
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ok, if you come in here, i'll show you what we're doing with duvets. the waste house is used for teaching. so, believe it or not, duvets in the uk are all either incinerated or sent to landfill, and what we've done here is install a panel of them to test what sort of good installation they're going to be. the house is full of ideas on reuse. and what about this — a sofa made out of cardboard boxes. reusable items are scavenged by a woman known as the brighton resource goddess. these offices are being closed. instead of dumping the unwanted contents in a skip, she's sorting them out and selling them on. she says it actually saves money, and she insists that all councils could do this. i think the government can set an agenda where there's a framework and an attitude within the waste management industry, and also for local authorities and business, where its ideal and normalfor us to reuse things, and not to always be focusing on recycling.
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the brighton wood store salvages timber that would otherwise be destined for landfill. they take out the nails and they saw the wood to regular lengths. some might consider this enterprise a bit hippy—ish. we are doing something that is very, very simple and straightforward and profitable. we're making the most out of a waste product that would ordinarily go into a landfill. we're making money, there's nothing sort of hippy—ish about that. there are 30 wood stores around the uk. anti—waste campaigners want hundreds of them, to combat the scourge of the skip. roger harrabin, bbc news, brighton. marine biologists are turning to usual solutions in an effort to boost oyster stocks off the essex coast. it's a place where richard the lionheart first granted oyster fishing rights,
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but for fishermen there keeping the stocks high is as important to their livelihoods as harvesting them. scientists think magnets will help, as our correspondent richard westcott reports. off the windswept essex coast, a 1000—year—old industry is still grappling with an age—old problem. to boost oyster stocks, fishermen need to know exactly when the animals are reproducing. in a much warmer lab at essex university, scientists think they've found an answer. you can see the magnet is connected to the top half there, so then we can measure the amount of opening, the amount of gaping that the oysters do. when female oysters release their eggs, they do something strange... she shows the behaviour for a5 minutes, one hour, something like that, where the valves go pump, pump, pump, in a very steady rhythm.
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and you can see the eggs coming out from this rare footage shot by scientists in alabama. using a magnet and a sensor, the essex team can monitor that opening and closing. now they're testing it at sea. so, tom, it's quite an office you've got here, on a raft in the middle of the estuary. it absolutely is. a bit colder today, but we do get to work out here. the purpose of the sensor is to tell us when 50% or more of the oysters, that are down here in the water attached to wires, have already spawned. we can actually see the spawning behaviour through the dynamics of the valves of the oysters opening and closing, sending that signal up the wire, into the data hub, up to a ag connectivity transmitter, that will send a signal back to the mobile—phone—connected computer in the office of the oyster men. once they get that signal, colchester oyster fishery has just a matter of days to lay tonnes of crushed shells onto the sea floor. the baby oysters love to settle
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on the shells and grow. but lay them too early and they get covered in mud, lay them too late and the larvae get washed away. the oyster data could bring other benefits too. this estuary is experiencing climate change. it has changing temperature regimes so we've seen warmer coastal seas here, warmer than we had before, and warmer environments more often than we have before. and it would be great to be able to use this tool to get more rich information on how species are responding to their environment here in the wild. richard the lionheart granted the first rights to fish these waters. now, the latest science is keeping one of our oldest industries alive. richard westcott, bbc news, mersea island in essex. time for a look at the weather.

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