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tv   Outside Source  BBC News  November 22, 2018 9:00pm-10:00pm GMT

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hello, i'm ros atkins, this is outside source. the uk and the eu agree on a declaration that outlines their relationship after brexit. now theresa may faces the mammouth task of getting it through parliament. the british people want this to be settled. they want a good deal that sets us on settled. they want a good deal that sets us on course for settled. they want a good deal that sets us on course for a brighter future. that deal is within our grasp. and i am determined to deliver it. scientists warn the window of opportunity to tackle climate change is closing as levels of greenhouse gases reached record highs last year. the police officer poisoned in the salisbury nerve agent attack speaks exclusively to the bbc. once i'd come back from the house, the skripal‘s house, my pupils were like pinpricks, and i was quite sweaty and hot. and we speak to lyse doucet in riyadh for the latest on the efforts to stop yemen's devastating war.
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another significant moment in the brexit story. the uk and the eu have agreed on a declaration that outlines their future relationship. here it is. bolding is online for anyone to access. “— bolding is online for anyone to access. —— this whole thing. now let's be clear — this text is not legally binding. think of it more as a roadmap for future negotiations. all be it a roadmap that either side could change. so now theresa may has this declaration — and she has the withdrawal deal — which is legally binding. and the prime minister is now taking on the seemingly impossible job of persuading parliament. the draft text that we have agreed with the commission is a good deal for our country and for our partners in the eu. it honours the vote of the british people by taking back control of our borders,
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our laws and our money, while protecting jobs, security and the integrity of our precious united kingdom. it ends free movement once and for all. instead, we will introduce a new skills—based immigration system, based not on the country people come from, but on what they can contribute to the uk. it ends thejurisdiction of the european court ofjustice in the uk. we will make our own laws in our own parliaments here in westminster, and in edinburgh, cardiff and belfast, and they will be adjudicated on by uk courts. this was the response of the opposition. these 26 pages are a testament to the failure of the tory's bundled negotiations. 19 extra pages, but nothing has changed. the only certainty contained within these pages is that the transition period will have to be extended,
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or you'll end up with a backstop no exit. it represents the worst of all worlds. no say over the rules that will continue to apply, and no certainty of the future. there is no change to the withdrawal agreement, no unilateral pull—out mechanism, no concession on the backstop palma which would create a new regulatory border down the irish sea. bbc reality check has been through the document. here are some of the key messages it picks out. "the united kingdom has decided that the principle of free movement of persons between the union and the united kingdom will no longer apply, the parties should establish mobility arrangements." so, free movement is over and visas may be coming, especially for longer—term visits. next: "the parties envisage having a trading relationship on goods
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that is as close as possible, with a view to facilitating the ease of legitimate trade." there's been talk from some brexiteers of frictionless trade — this suggests that's not possible. though there's lots of wriggle room for both sides in the wording. next fisheries. it says "the parties should establish a new fisheries agreement on... access to waters and quota shares. want this done by i july 2020." plenty of neutral language here — but fisheries is a point of tension for france, portugal, spain — and the uk itself. this declaration doesn't resolve that. now the irish border has been the single biggest obstcale in brexit negotiations. we're told ‘facilitative arrangements and technologies will also be considered' to avoid a hard border — this is an argument made by brexiteers. but despite this, several have already rejected the declaration.
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the reason is within the withdrawal agreement. it says if there is no trade deal by the end of 2020, the uk will remain aligned with eu regulations to avoid a hard border — and that the uk can't unilaterally exit that arrangement. that's the so—called backstop — and many brexiteers won't agree to it. one thing you won't find in this declaration is the british territory gibraltar — which spain still claims as its own. spain wants it written down that spain and uk must turn to this issue after brexit. work continues on that one ahead of the weekend. you heard from the leader of the opposition earlier — but that's not the only source of criticism.
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from within theresa may's own conservative party. andrea jenkyns says "the british people are not stupid. there will be a backlash if we deliver a deal such as this." stronger stuff from marcus fisher. —— marcus bench. "the pm's proposed withdrawal agreement is terminally toxic to our democracy”. and there's more where that came from. well, earlier i asked rob watson, our uk political correspondent, what theresa may can do to get it voted in. i think she's hoping that politicians will now, will feel the pressure from businesses thinking just get a deal done, that politicians will be aware of the fact that an awful lot of voters are saying for goodness' sake, get this done, and that politicians will be worried about the alternatives, which frankly are just crashing out of the european union without a deal at all. or the possibility of a second referendum. here's the thing. i watched this parliamentary session
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really closely, i watch a lot of parliamentary sessions. this was poisonous. the quotations that you put up on the board, as you said, you could have had many, many more. looking at that debate, looking at the arithmetic of parliament, and it is always worth remembering the great american president lyndon bainesjohnson, he said the first lesson of politics, learn to count. it does look immensely difficult. it looks difficult for theresa may, but as i understand it, the first vote doesn't necessarily have to be the last vote in the comments. —— commons. if she got rejected once, she could come back with an alternative? you are looking at the famous theories, which is what happens if there is a no vote the first time around. i should say, one of my metaphors i've been using, if you think about british politics, i often think about it as a navigational chart. at the moment we are sailing around in bits of water no one has ever been to before. if there is a no vote, which by the way would be in the middle of december, it's like we go off the map. here are the therories
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about what will happen if there is a no vote at the middle of the december. one is your sort of theory, which has been out there, which is people are so... things go so badly wrong, the markets crash, the pound goes down, theresa may says he liked the look of this? i didn't think you would, let's have another vote. the other possibilities are britain leaves without a deal at all, that looks sort of unlikely, that there could be a second referendum or a general election. let's talk about the possibility of a second referendum, because the opposition labour party's brexit secretary, shadow brexit secretary, was explicit today, saying if i had a vote in a second referendum i would vote to stay. yes, and that would certainly be true of most labour mps and of the majority of people who voted labour at the last general election. it would not be true of the leader, jeremy corbyn, whose very much on the left and has always been a eurosceptic. on that issue of the second referendum, if you had asked me a year ago do you think there's any chance, i would say it is pretty small, but i think the reason why i think the likelihood of a referendum... i'm not saying it is going to happen, but why the chances keep going up,
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is because it depends on what? it depends on there being a stalemate in parliament where basically the politicians cannot decide on how, when, whether we leave the european union, and what would they do if they could not agree? they would have no alternative but to put it back to the people. i don't think many politicians want to do that, they know how amazingly divisive it would be, but hey, britain is in a mess. a cheery message to finish that report on brexit. much more information on the bbc news website and we will have extensive coverage from that special eu summit at the weekend. this is a report by the un weather agency, the world meteorological organisation. it says that the gases that cause temperatures to increase reached record levels last year. since 1990, the concentration of greenhouse gases has increased by a0%. here's more. it is extremely critical to take actions now, and not wait until we have the wonderful
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solutions, because if we do not act now, then all these gases, especially carbon dioxide, they will stay in the atmosphere for thousands of years and there's nothing we can do about that. here's the world service's environment correspondent, navin singh khadka, on how the greenhouse effect works. basically it's the theory that these gases trap heat, and make the world warm. this warming thing that we've been hearing about, it is going on, and compared to what it was before the industrial period started, we are alreadyi degree warmer, and the projection is at present, whatever measures have been met to cut down carbon emissions, we are still on course for three degrees, and that is what they say is a very dangerous situation. already, we are seeing some impacts. and these new findings from the un out today, they are shocking, but i bet for someone like you they are not particularly surprising.
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no, the struggle is still there, because if you remember in 2015 when the paris agreement was signed, it was a vague agreement that the world needs to keep down the temperature rise well below 2 degrees, and then recently there was another report saying, well, actually, 1.5 might be much better and two is not good, actually. but that was easily said than done. now, this year very soon we will have another un climate conference and that is supposed to thrash out a rule book. that rule book is supposed to implement the paris agreement, and that is the contentious issue. that is where the real fight will happen. donald trump has long been sceptical about whether climate change is happening. he outdid himself today with this. saying: "brutal and extended cold blast could shatter all records — whatever happened to global warming?" well, we could start with this report by the intergovernmental panel on climate change that warns the world must change tack to avoid extreme weather, rising sea—levels, and millions of people
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being put at risk. or there's this graph from nasa shows how temperatures have increased in the last few decades. nasa saying that the world's four warmest years on record were the last four. nasa also says that: "97% or more of actively publishing climate scientists agree" that "climate—warming trends over the past century are extremely likely due to human activities." and it lists 200 worldwide scientific organizations that agree. i asked navin whether scientists were concerned about high profile figures like the president making statements like this. they're very cautious not to get into the politics, but of course they keep on reminding that these figures that we see, it keeps on coming that the drastic cuts in emissions have to be made whereas as you said this almost 50%
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rise of concentration of greenhouse gases compared to previous periods. obviously they are worried. they also talk about, if you remember, donald trump made this decision that the us would opt out of the paris agreement. a few days after that, the white house put out a statement saying that we have said that, but we will be presenting in all of these negotiations to secure our national interest. if you talk to negotiators and also scientists would say what does that mean? does that mean they will hinder the progress? of course there will be other countries, for example what happened in brazil. brazil had a new president now, and there are worries that because what he said before the election that he might also opt out. there are other countries. so, obviously yes, there are concerns and some of them have put this thing quite diplomatically. stay with us on outside source — still to come... the police officer poisoned in the salisbury nerve agent attack speaks publicly for the first time about his ordeal. chelsea clinton, the daughter of former us president bill clinton,
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and former presidential candidate hillary clinton, has been named one of this year's bbc 100 women. she's been speaking to the bbc about the differences her parents faced in public office. it would be disingenuous to say that her achievements were given the same clear eyed assessment as my dad's were. i even clear eyed assessment as my dad's were. i even remember clear eyed assessment as my dad's were. i even remember in arkansas in the 1980s, there was tremendous pressure for my mum to change her name from hillary rodham clinton to hillary rodham clinton which she ultimately did because itjust seemed to her i think like such a silly fight, and she wanted to move that out and then focus on the work that out and then focus on the work that she felt called to in the public advocacy she was engaged in. i think it illustrates how not that long ago, absolutely the expectations, at least publicly
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outside of our family were very different for my mum versus my dad. no one was asking him to change his name. this is outside source live from the bbc newsroom. our lead story is concerning brexit. a draft political declaration is finally agreed on what britain's future relationship with the eu will look like. everyday at the moment we're talking about the war in yemen. it's caused the worst humanitarian crisis in the world. today the un's envoy martin griffiths met one of the houthi rebel leaders. they're both sitting down there. mohammad ali al houthi is an influential houthi political figure. he is on one side of the war — the yemeni government and the saudi—led coalition that supports it are on the other. after the meeting the houthis said the saudis must show credibility in finding a political solution to ending the war. here's more of what they said.
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we hope it will not only be a cease—fire that last for the duration of the un envoy‘s visit. it isa duration of the un envoy‘s visit. it is a custom now that they talk about political steps whenever there is an international delegation, while the reality on the ground is they'll be building upfor reality on the ground is they'll be building up for more military action, and once the visit of the un envoy concludes we could see more escalation from their site. -- side. well this meeting was in the capital sanaa. martin griffiths had planned to go to the port city hodeidah on friday. it's the focus of the conflict — and is essential to any aid getting into yemen. well it looks like that trip won't happen. there are reports it's been delayed because of the fighting there. our chief international correspondent lyse doucet gave us more analysis earlier about what kind of conditions the saudis want to start peace talks. they have a very big ask of the
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houthis. we saw the saudi foreign minister, he and his main arab ally, the united arab and are basically demanding the gas united arab emirates, basically demanding the houthis get over the main port in which more than 75% of yemen's humanitarian aid and food and imports go through, and they also wa nt imports go through, and they also want them to give up the city, which from a sheer political strategic point of view, that would be surrender. it would be a strategic turning point in the war, because the arab led coalition would be leave that they have severely diminished —— believe they have severely diminished the territorial swathes of the houthis had denied them one of their main sources of revenue through that port. but on the ground, the houthis have been digging in, and they are not going to give up without a fight. stay with us. i want to look at the story from another angle. the us and uk we know have been supportive of the saudi led coalition. they also sell
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a lot of military hardware. this is a lot of military hardware. this is a graph by the stockholm international peace is to do saying saudi arabia imports 60% of its weapons from america and you can see the uk clear in second and also france, swiss, germany, and sweden also supply military goods to the saudis. some american senators are pushing back at what is happening. chuck schumer, senior democrats we did this to donald trump, saying yesterday you are ignoring an egregious murder... ifi if i could bring you back in here, let's assume saudi arabia does not get what it wants from the houthis. is there a possibility that the diplomatic pressure could also force saudi arabia to shift its approach? that would be really difficult. many
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people are analysing the situation and saying with the huge pressure on saudi arabia over the jamal khashoggi murder in the saudi consulate that they will look for something to try to ease the pressure. they will sell some goodwill to its partners like the united states and britain —— they will show some good will, by making concessions on yemen for example. past experience shows us, and what you will hear is that is not the way it works. in fact, they are doubling down on the situation in yemen. when you had the defence secretary and the secretary of state in the united states at the end of october calling for a cease—fire in yemen within 13th past 30 days, what happened around with data, the arab led coalition escalated the attacks and did not bring them down. it is that traditional approach that if you think you will be pushed toward the negotiating table, you'd better increase your strategic position on the ground. and remember, in all of
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this, it is notjust what the saudis wa nt this, it is notjust what the saudis want from the houthis, the main concern they had really is not with the houthis, it is with iran. they see iran as the main metalayer on saudi's border, and until iran gets out, saudi arabia or says it is not getting out either. we have been talking all week while you have been in rehab. i wonder as you approach the end of your trip, what you reflect on in terms of what you are seeing as society evolves, but also how saudi arabia's place in the region evolves —— as you have been in riyadh. saudi arabia is still one of the major political and of course economic powers in this region. we have seen the kingdom go through quite unprecedented social and economic reform in the last few yea rs economic reform in the last few years under the de facto rule of mohammed bin salman. now of course there is a huge cloud over him, with that many asking was he responsible? did he give the order for the that many asking was he responsible? did he give the orderfor the murder ofjamal did he give the orderfor the murder of jamal khashoggi? so
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did he give the orderfor the murder ofjamal khashoggi? so much swirling around about that, but when you come to the kingdom you really realise that breaking them, at least as far as the leadership is concerned, and the messaging and their response to whether it is the war in yemen or their rivalries with qatar, that is not going to change anytime soon. the saudis are determined to stay the course. every addition we bring you essential information on the biggest global stories. we've talked about yemen, we talked about climate change, we talked about brexit. next let's get you up to date on a trade war between the us and china. you'll remember the us and china are slugging it out with billions of dollars‘ worth of trade tariffs. well relations won't have been improved by a suggestion adviser to president trump yesterday that china could be kicked out of the world trade organisation. this was the response today from beijing ssource translation the wto is a
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multilateral organisation not solely run by the us. a certain american individual has hinted at you big in china from the wto, although that is idiotic nonsense. it reveals the power politics, bullying and egotistical mindset of the us side. if our member correctly, not long ago the united states threatened to withdraw from the wto. today it is talking about evicting china from the wto. how absurd is that? there are expectations that when the presidents meet at the g20 next week in argentina perhaps there'll be some sort of breakthrough on this trade war. but one economist is suggesting we don't hold our breath. i think time is going to retaliate at any provocation from the us at every turn. physically the us keeps frustrating china with more tariffs if china does not respond to us demands. but what is us demand is
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not really about the trade deficit with china, but is more related to the perceived market distorting and unfair technology practices of china, but first and foremost china is very likely to directly admit to any wrongdoing and technical —— and secondly technology is such a key pa rt of secondly technology is such a key part of china's long—term strategic plan— the made in china 2025 campaign. china is very likely to get into... as a result they will retaliate at every turn. next — zimbabwe — where president emmerson mnangagwa has presented his first budget. here's a couple of policies we've picked out. over $50 million set aside to compensate white former farm owners, who were forcefully removed from their land under robert mugabe. there'll be a 5% cut in salaries for senior civil servants. and it increases on tax and fuel. here's shingai nyoka. the finance minister and international economist as
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optimistic about zimba bwe's international economist as optimistic about zimbabwe's economic easter, but not everybody shared his optimism here. today here in parliament —— economic future. today in parliament he produced his maiden budget but before he did that they we re budget but before he did that they were unprecedented levels of skirmishes that broke out between members of the opposition, the movement for democratic change alliance and the security. the speaker of parliament accused the opposition of not respecting the president as he entered the chambers. they refused to stand up, and for that some of them were dragged out of parliament before he walked out. it just dragged out of parliament before he walked out. itjust shows the hurdles that this government has to ove rco m e hurdles that this government has to overcome in a bridging the divides between the opposition and the ruling party so that this country can move forward. ordinary zimbabweans are hoping for a budget, at least that will set them on a path of economic prosperity. this government has been beset by high spending, high levels of debt, and
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we have seen that in the increase in the price of food as well as in the fuel queues that have been caused by a shortage of foreign currency. the minister has called this an austerity for prosperity, a budget. he is also proposed a 5% cuts for senior government officials including the president, his advisers as well as senior members of state on and state—run companies. the opposition has said that this budget does not go far enough, and that mammoth political reforms are needed, not just that mammoth political reforms are needed, notjust economic reforms. it just shows the needed, notjust economic reforms. itjust shows the huge task that lies ahead for this government, trying to undo 20 years of economic decline. so, the finance minister will not just have decline. so, the finance minister will notjust have to balance a budget and balance his figures, but he will also have to balance the expectations of a restless country. i will see you in a minute.
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thanksgiving is a really important holiday across parts of north america, and this one has been one of the coldest on record. temperatures were example in new york were not expected to get past about minus three degrees. you can see still have that plunge a really cold air with us as we look at the rather believe that weather forecasting a bit more detail friday. low pressure across the northeast of canada continues to track down it's a cold air from the canadian arctic helped by this area of high. the western flank of the high we start to see winds coming in from the south and as that transitions eastwards over the next few days, so does temperatures —— so the temperatures will rise. in california problems as well. the heavy rain working in here could bring the risk of mudslides after those wow players —— wildfires because there is nothing to hold the soil in place now all the vegetation has burned away. forecast in a bit more detail over the next two dig deep and sea temperatures working the right way. —3 thursday in new york, one on friday, milder heading into the weekend as the southerly
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winds not working. across southern england —— india and sri lanka an area of low—pressure enhancing rain at the moment. you will see fairly heavy downpour working into these areas and also forced sri lanka. the heaviest about 90 mm, could see similar amounts friday. topical storm out in the pacific that constraint that a little bit to become a typhoon over the next few days and then we have this area. this is a topical —— tropical depression, and it will bring heavy rain into seven parts of vietnam, so we will see some of that affecting the city. a risk of localised flooding, 50—100 mm of rain on the way. the weather is looking very u nsettled way. the weather is looking very unsettled at the moment across the middle east. low pressure driving this band of cloud and. such —— thunderstorms breaking out fairly widely across parts of iraq, kuwait and saudi arabia but the heavy is going into western iran. we can see a good 50—100 mm and perhaps as much as 200 mm over the mountains. if
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that were to happen, and i think you probably will, we could well see pretty nasty flash flooding as a result. in europe we will continue to feed and very cold air across scandinavia, finland into western parts of russia through friday. low pressure pushing the rain into spain and southern parts of france, northern areas of newlyjoining friday and there'll be heavy snow for the southern french alps and also through the valley which is good news for ski resorts and is pa rt good news for ski resorts and is part of the world. generally we cannot not seen too much snow for the north in austria as the slopes to do with a good dump of snow for the season getting under way. looking at the weather picture over the next few days in europe it is staying on the chilly side, and the cool air will continue across parts of the united kingdom. temperatures generally stating single figures. that is your weather. made public hello, i'm ros atkins, this is outside source. the uk and the eu agree on a declaration that outlines
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their relationship after brexit. now theresa may faces the mammouth task of getting it through parliament. the british people want this to be settled. they want a good deal that sets us on course for a brighter future. that deal is within our grasp, and i am determined to deliver it. and i am determined to scientists warn the window of opportunity to tackle climate change is closing as levels of greenhouse gases reached record highs last year. the police officer poisoned in the salisbury nerve agent attack speaks exclusively to the bbc. but to come back from the skripal's house, my pupils were like pin pricks, and i was quite sweaty and hot. and we have the latest on nissan's now former chairman who's been sacked from the top job after he was arrested for lying about his pay. we saw this one coming.
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carlos goasn is out as chairman of nissan. he's a superstar of the motor industry, but injapan he's accused of failing to declare up to sim—million of earnings. now the japanese network nhk is reporting that he used millions of dollars of nissan money to buy luxury homes in paris, amsterdam and beirut. as well as in rio dejaneiro which is where he was born, and there was no business reasons to do so. carlos goan was also chairman of renault, its put another executive temporarily in charge. this is how renault‘s shares are faring. mr ghosnn's is also chairman of mitsubishi, it will decide
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next week what to do. this is a story of alleged crimes. but there's a corproate context too. this piece by david fickling on bloomberg highlights that there was rising opposition within nissan to some of the decision that carlos goan was taking. bill blain is a financial markets commentator, here's his take on it. thatis that is not playing properly. the next clip i will play comes from the bbc tokyo correspondent rupert hayes. nissan's chief executive hiroto saikawa has got what he wanted. he got a unanimous decision by the nissan board of directors to get rid of carlos ghosn as chairman. it took longer than we expected, but it is the decision that everybody thought would come.
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that leaves in question now, what happens to this alliance, particularly between nissan here, and renault in france. becase it is an estranged relationship, and a strange relationship. renault really controls nissan through a 43% shareholding that it got back in the early 2000s when it rescused the company, but today nissan is the bigger of the two. it contributes 60% of revenues, and more than 50% of profit. and so the feeling is that the nissan board, the nissan senior management want to take this opportunity to readjust that relationship to make it more equal. as for mr ghosn, he remains in custody, and he could held without charge in custody here injapan, for up to 22 days. during that period he can be interrogated daily for up to eight hours without a lawyer present. for mr ghosn, whether he is charged or not it is going to be a grueling few weeks. the detective in charge of the salisbury poisonings investigation has said the attackers
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had enough nerve agent to kill thousands of people. you know this story. this was in the south of england in march. the former russian spy sergei skripal and his daughter julia were poisoned. they were found seriously ill on this park bench. and police detective sergeant nick bailey was called to the scene, and also went to the skripal's house. he too had been poisoned by a nerve agent called novichok. all three made recoveries after weeks in hospital. police say that the nerve agent was in this perfume bottle. it claimed the life of dawn sturgess, after her partner found the bottle and gave it to her. the uk says russia was responsible for all of this, russia denies it. here is nick bailey speaking to jane corbin for the bbc‘s panorama programme. detective sergeant nick bailey was
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the first person to go to the home that night. he was wearing a full forensic suit when he entered their house, and everything appeared normal. once i had come back from the skripal house, my eyes were like bricks. it was quite sweaty and hot, and at the time i put that down to being tired and stressed. nick bailey too had come into contact with the poison. it's like oil, sinking through porous surfaces, and it spreads by touch. just a few milligrams can kill. it only took a day bird him to realise something was wrong. everything wasjittery. i was wrong. everything wasjittery. i was very nervous. this wedding had gone down my poor head down my back. —— the sweating. gone down my poor head down my back. -- the sweating. it must've been frightening for you. he recalls the moment and hospital. he was told
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what had poisoned him. they said you have this novichuck. the nerve agent. what was your reaction? i was scared. it's a dangerous thing to have in your system. knowing how badly they had been affected by it, i was petrified. it took two weeks for the investigators to discover that the nerve agent was that on the door handle of the skripal home. her partner charlie rowley who also became ill and had found the perfume bottle. officers say it contained a significant amount of novichuck which could probably kill thousands of people. did it help you when you do it had been on the door handle, you did know that when you helped in the house. enough in some way, i
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thought i had done something wrong so that was a big thing for me. —— it helped in some ways... it angered me as well. but nick, the skripal's and others to survive the attack. it's unlikely they will ever appear ina it's unlikely they will ever appear in a british court. i said all along that i want to walk out of the hospital with my wife which we did in the end, and be able to do that being able to walk out of the hospital after a few weeks of going through what i went there was incredible. this is santos lopez alonzo, he's a former guatemalan soldier who's been sentenced to more than 5,000 years in prison. he was found to have been part of government's comando force which entered this farming village in 1982, raped the women and girls, and then to cover that horror up, killed nearly everyone there.
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171 died. it was one of the atrocities in guatemala's civil war. lets speak to candace piette, americas regional editor, bbc news. and why has it taken just as this long to be served? guatemala is a fragile democracy and for many years thejudicial fragile democracy and for many years the judicial system has fragile democracy and for many years thejudicial system has not been able to deal with the trauma that came out of a 30 year conflict which endedin came out of a 30 year conflict which ended in 1996, and so it's very recent that these cases are beginning to be reported at the come to light and be put before courts. this is one of a series of cases, some 600 were recorded in the tree commission at the end of a civil conflict in the end of the 905. they gradually are coming to the forest, thejudicial gradually are coming to the forest, the judicial system
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gradually are coming to the forest, thejudicial system and gradually are coming to the forest, the judicial system and lawyers are getting together to put them in front of the court. how do we understand that these kinds of horror5 could have happened even with the context of the civil war occurring? this massacre took place during the very brief rule of the general rios mont and his policy was a scorched earth policy. he believed that civilians and largely indigenous communities in the highlands of guatemala were hiding left—wing rebels. he launched this attack against them. he called it, draining the sea of fish that eats there. he attacked many many villages of indigenous communities in order to cut off supply lines and guns that these communities were holding he believed. in the last couple of years there have been two
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or three big 5ucce55ful trials, but this is, these are crimes compared to the amount of human rights abuses that took place during that time. there are hopes that the community, the indigenous community of guatemala are hoping that others will come to the port front in the next couple of years, and with eve ryo ne next couple of years, and with everyone this will be very gratifying results for them. thank you very much indeed. stay with us on outside source, still to come... the wife of the british academic jailed for life in the emirates, says the british government put uk interests above his right to freedom. nearly eight years ago, the formula one driver
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robert kubit5a almost died in a crash which left him with terrible injuries including a partially severed arm. now incredibly he's returning to formula one racing a5 a driver with the williams team. he says it is his greatest achievement. patrick gearey reports. few know the terrifying ri5ks of racing at high speed better than robert kubica. this was the state of his rally car after it 5ma5hed into a roadside barrier in northern italy in 2011. kubica was lucky to escape alive. his right arm was nearly severed. he'd never regain full movement in that limb, and yet next season he's back for more, as a driver for williams in formula one. i know what it took me to get here, and i know what it takes be one of the top drivers in formula one. now the question is to work, to give me a bit of time, and then to focus on what is the part which i enjoy more, is being a racing driver. before the accident which changed his life, kubica raced for sauber and renault.
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he was tipped a5 a future world champion. it was his relentless pursuit of speed which saw him climb into the rally car which he had his crash in. many would choose to leave that high—octane world behind. instead, kubica tried to find a car he could race in with what he calls his limitations. he tested for renault as well as williams, and now drives 70% left—handed, trying not to grip the wheel tight. difficult to imagine in a car that can reach 210 mph. it is incredible, you know, the comeback that he's made. it's so unlikely. no one thought it would happen really. when you're driving in formula one, we need all the senses you can get, and these guys are absolute elite drivers. the biggest achievement of my life... it‘s an heroic story, in contrast to williams‘ recent struggles. they are bottom of the constructors‘ championship. they say they‘re picking kubica for speed, not sentiment. he wouldn‘t have it any other way. patrick gearey, bbc news. this is outside source live
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from the bbc newsroom. our lead story is? a draft political declaration is finally agreed on what britain‘s future relationship with the eu will look like. facebook has admitted that one of its top executives hired a pr firm to attack the billionaire philanthropist george soros. the pr firm was also tasked with undermining facebook‘s critics by publicizing their association with mr soros. that‘s from bbc world service radio. hundreds of thousands of public sector workers in tunisia have gone on strike over the government‘s refusal to raise their pay. the government has been trying to cut the budget deficit, in part due to pressure from the international monetary fund. bbc arabic. one of russia‘s most popular rappers has been arrested for performing from the roof of a car.
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he‘s called husky, and he staged the impromptu gig in the city called krasnodar after the authorities pressured a venue into cancelling the gig he was supposed to be doing. yesterday we reported on the jailing of a british academic in the uae. matthew hedges was convicted of spying and given a life sentence. well in the past two hours the british foreign secretary has tweeted. "i‘ve just had a constructive conversation with uae fm. i believe & trust he‘s working hard to resolve the situation asap. we‘ve a close partnership with uae which will help us take things forward". mr hunt also met mr hedges wife, daniela tay—harder. she spoke afterwards. i really appreciate the foreign secretary taking the time to meet me at this crucial point in mine and matt‘s life.
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he is assured me that he and his team are doing everything in their power to get matt free and return him home to me. this is not a fight i can win alone, and i thank the foreign office and the british public for now standing up for one of their citizens. earlier in the day, mrs tay—harder also spoke to the bbc‘s today programe in a bbc radio car not long after she landed back in the uk. i was under the impression that they were putting their interests with the uae above a british citizen‘s rightful freedom. they were stepping on egg shells instead of taking a stand. matthew hedges maintains he was researching the uae‘s military strategy for a phd. the uae doesn‘t accept that. the bbc‘s security correspondent frank says #uae sources insist laptop contained espionage material."
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this political science professor in the uae adds matthewhedges is a victim of uk government. someone sent him to spy on uae which is not in the habit of sending phd student to life in jail. it is up to his government to deny the charges. until the uae hears from london the verdict stands.". the uae foreign affairs ministry also defended the court, saying the "compelling and powerful evidence" had been presented at trial. remember yesterday‘s sentencing took five minutes. paul blake has more from dubai. the local press here in the uae. this is a national pro—government website newspaper, they are headlining the verdict is not final, citing the uae attorney general. it is interesting that this is also seenin is interesting that this is also seen in the state run news agency
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wom hearing the statement of the attorney general. in some ways the message is being pushed out of the uae today is that the verdict is not final and matthew hedges can appeal. that seems to be interesting because it is coming in response to yesterdayjeremy it is coming in response to yesterday jeremy hunt, it is coming in response to yesterdayjeremy hunt, the british foreign secretary release a very strong statement saying he was shocked and disappointed. in that statement and said he doesn‘t like it ran contrary to assurances he had been receiving. —— he... where we go from here, it‘s kind of unclear without it seems he does have 30 days to appeal. what will we will have to wait and see. —— what will come of that, we will wait and see. now to south korea. a pastor has been jailed for raping 8 women who were members of his mega church in seoul. you can see the manmin central
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church on the satellite image, and here‘s a look inside. this is lee jae—rock. at his peak, the pastor had around 130,000 followers. and his victims say they felt compelled to do what he asked because "he was god". he denies all the charges. lee‘s church is regarded as a splinter cult by some christian organisations. he was ejected from the christian council of korea in 1999, and branded a "cult leader" by the korean ministry association. the context to the whole story, is that christianity, and inparticular evangelical christianity has grown rapidly in south korea. su—min hwang from bbc korean on that. he started his church and early 19805 and that he had just over ten followers. in the 905, his church
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grew exponentially, and it was voted as one of the worlds top 50 churches bya as one of the worlds top 50 churches by a christian magazine. the church itself claimed to be having one of the largest numbers of churches in korea. there has been accusations including corruption and sexual assault that had been going on for a while. in the 19905, one of the career people cast a report on his sex life, and scandals surrounding it but it was stopped because of the followers protesting against it. also in 1999, his church was ejected from the christian society because of his corruption, sex scandals, as well as his claims to be sinless and exempt from dying. the court has said that although he never directly claimed he was god, his sermons implied that he was, in the eight victims that were involved in this
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case were going to this church from a very early on. they were led to believe that he was the only way to god. mega churches are actually very common in south korea. it‘s a big breeding ground for cults, and about 16 people in total our cult leaders in south korea and they claim to be defined and some sort of deity themselves. next — to finland. scientists there have built a computer model that creates real—time visualisations of what water is doing underground. the reason they wanted to do this is that a vast reserve of clean water has been found in a remote town called kurikka. there‘s enough there to supply 150,000 people with clean water. that means it could supply towns as far as 70km away, like this one, vaasa. first let‘s hear some locals.
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so finnish and british scientists came up with a computer model that would let people see how much water was being extracted in real time. here‘s one of them explaining how it works. we have all of this data, all the sensor data, this water data, and we combined it in a way we can make public. all of this data can begin to show everyone for decision—makers and the local people. the sensors on the ground, note the water level in real times. they sent a text message to the server, and then we can
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receive them in 15 minutes via the internet into the software, and monitored in real time the water levels and make them available the public. i spoke to bbc reporter erika benke. she told me what the finns think of this. there is a little bit of anxiety among people. people in finland, i think they have a much bigger connection with their green spaces in general, and of course they are very proud of their water. they think that this is so clean, so pure, and they're very proud of it. they do not want anything, they want to look after it they want to take good care of it. it's one of the farmers is what is that it's better than bottled water in the shops. there is a little bit of anxiety about what is going to happen to their springs. a lot of people take
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their springs. a lot of people take their house water from these springs, and they think that if the water companies start extracting the ground water, it might mess with the springs, and that might ruin their livelihoods. a lot of them are farmers, and they need the water board their agricultural needs. more broadly, that this technology that monitors underground reservoirs, presumably that would be helpful in other circumstances beyond finland. yes. this is a world first project. the interesting thing here is the real—time aspect. the sensors in the holes match the water levels, and every 15 minutes, they send a signal in the software to complete the geological survey. that signal is then transferred into the software called groundhog which is here in the united kingdom. they have
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real—time elements which is key. if a farmer sees that at seven o'clock in the morning and he wakes up and sees this applet, the water level, they want to take out 100 l and my land, and my water levels are below the consent a message to the geologist or the water company saying please do not do that today. that will seriously affect me. saying please do not do that today. that will seriously affect melj assume you tried the water. yes i did. it was very cold. it had a lot of minerals in it. they will take up to iran and magnesium, and i don't think that is good for you. erica, thank you for watching. see you soon. hello there, we now have glowing
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confidence in the longer forecast. before then, we‘re going to see a significant change of weather. look at the jet stream. it is hard to find across the uk and the the north and south. there is a strongerjet propagating across the above thing. by propagating across the above thing. by the time it arrives across our shores, it will be be a south—westerly jet. at shores, it will be be a south—westerlyjet. at the moment, it is still quite cold. there is a lot of cloud again on friday. more showers that will chiefly, in from scotla nd showers that will chiefly, in from scotland in the southwest parts of wales. southwest scotland and parts of that in england, but generally we have that gentle easterly wind that is tracking in lots of cloud. less cold aircoming in is tracking in lots of cloud. less cold air coming in across more southern parts of england and wales we re southern parts of england and wales were temperatures could reach double figures, and generally speaking it will be as cold on friday as it was on thursday where it was pretty grim. still have clouds over night
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into saturday morning to start the weekend. again, a few showers coming in from that. perhaps more rain coming in across english channel coastal areas as the rain and showers begin to benefit. it should be frost free saturday morning. if you are in southern parts of england, you may start to see rain at times on saturday. still going to see easterly breeze and showers, but further west there is going to be such an across the uk. generally it is dry and quiet. still quite cold, but double figures is still quite possible. a lot of that rain will push away as a high pressure starts to build down north and that will drag down somewhat colder air as well. it will be noticeable especially across scotland and east england. again, a lot of cloud coming in the north east. not quite as wet across southern england, but those temperatures will probably be
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a bit lower on sunday. it will feel a bit lower on sunday. it will feel a little bit colder, and we are around six to 9 degrees. it is beginning of the wiki, high pressure is going to be quite crucial. it builds down across the uk. we still have that cold deal of air coming m, have that cold deal of air coming in, and it is slow—moving weather and of course. it will never be particularly warm, and chances are there will be lots of cloud. a few showers drifting down from north england. perhaps still disappointing temperatures is that as we move into tuesday, we may see a bit more frost at the club or except as a high pressure builds down. of dry weather on tuesday, but signs are changing behind me coming into northern ireland and the southwestern parts of wales. that‘s because it set a high pressure we will see low pressure in the long—range forecast. it will push weather fronts across the uk and another area of the low pressure will come from the southwest. a brief fridge before
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another one comes in from the atlantic. what is that showing is that it atlantic. what is that showing is thatitis atlantic. what is that showing is that it is showing much more u nsettled that it is showing much more unsettled weather, and it is showing for the most part winds from the south or southwest and so it should be mild air. still not particularly wa nt to be mild air. still not particularly want to stop there may well be some brief incursions of colder air happening at night giving us chilly nights but on the whole it is generally mild until next week. models are converging and it looks a little bit more suitable. tonight at ten... a final brexit deal within reach. the prime minister‘s message, heading for the crucial eu summit this weekend. after the latest talks, theresa may announced a draft political declaration on the uk‘s future relationship with the eu after brexit. the british people want this to be settled. they want a good deal that sets us on course for a brighter future. that deal is within our grasp, and i am determined to deliver it. but the document, which covers trade, security and foreign affairs,
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is not legally binding and labour says it amounts to nothing. this treaty document could have been written two years ago. it is peppered with phrases such as, "the parties will look at..." "the parties will explore." what on earth has the government been doing for the last two years? we‘ll examine the document and we‘ll have the day‘s reaction.
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