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tv   BBC News at Ten  BBC News  November 22, 2018 10:00pm-10:31pm GMT

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tonight at ten... a final brexit deal within reach. the prime minister's message, heading for the crucial eu summit this weekend. after the latest talks, theresa may announced a draft political declaration on the uk's future relationship with the eu after brexit. the british people want this to be settled. they want a good deal that sets us on course for a brighter future. that deal is within our grasp, and i am determined to deliver it. but the document, which covers trade, security and foreign affairs, is not legally binding and labour says it amounts to nothing. this treaty document could have been written two years ago. it is peppered with phrases such as, "the parties will look at..." "the parties will explore." what on earth has the government been doing for the last two years? we'll examine the document and we'll have the day's reaction. also tonight... the security service mi5 admits to errors
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in tracking the manchester arena bomber, who killed 22 people. the salisbury chemical attack — the police officer who was poisoned speaks about his ordeal for the first time. i was still very sweaty. the sweating had gone from my forehead down my back, and my neck was... my whole body was just dripping with sweat. as a new record is set for the amount of gas in the atmosphere causing global warming, i'll be reporting on how china could be making things worse. and we report on the incredible comeback by robert kubica, who's returned to formula 1 eight years after the crash that nearly ended his life. and coming up on sportsday on bbc news: can england's cricketers do the double as they prepare for their women's world t20 semifinal against india in antigua? good evening.
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just three days before the eu brexit summit, negotiators have finally agreed a draft political declaration on the uk's future relationship with the european union. the declaration, which covers trade, security and foreign affairs, is not legally binding and still needs approval by the other 27 eu states. these are the main points. the 26—page document outlines plans for what's called an "ambitious" economic partnership between the uk and the eu. it says the uk will be allowed to pursue an independent trade policy with other countries. it says brexit will end the free movement of eu citizens who want to come and live in the uk, but that also applies to british citizens wanting to move to the eu. and on the issue that's caused much concern — the efforts to prevent a hard border between ireland and northern ireland — it says they'll explore
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new technology to ensure that doesn't happen. but the european court ofjustice will still play a role in uk affairs — something many brexit supporters are unhappy about. this afternoon, the prime minister faced criticism in the house of commons for what she'd agreed, as our deputy political editor john pienaar reports. here she was again. mrs may hasn't had much to crow about lately, but months of wrangling in brussels had finally delivered at least the outline of a plan to take to parliament. she couldn't wait that long. this is the right dealfor the uk. it delivers on the vote of the referendum. it brings back control of our borders, our money and our laws, and it does so while protecting jobs, protecting our security and protecting the integrity
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of the united kingdom. the agreement we have reached is between the uk and the european commission. it is now up to the 27 leaders of the other eu member states to examine this agreement in the days leading up to the special eu council meeting on sunday. not many cheerleaders for this plan. she did the job herself. the british people want this to be settled. they want a good deal that sets us on course for a brighter future. that deal is within our grasp, and i am determined to deliver it. so, the wheels haven't come off, not yet anyway. up ahead, her critics were waiting. brexiteers, former remainers, who also think britain is heading blindly into a weaker position with no time limit, and the opposition, all keen to stop mrs may in her tracks. the brexit divorce deal is already being opposed on all sides. the declaration on the future, presented today, promises to build and improve on a customs territory brexiteers say is too close to the eu they're anxious to leave. it says technology will be considered to help avoid physical stops and checks on trade crossing the irish border. but that is on top of a customs deal and not instead of it, and the european court would keep the last say on legal disputes on matters of eu law, and the brexiteers say that's another let down. if there is a customs relationship, in case there is no trade deal in place, that is the so—called backstop, there is no guarantee that britain could pull out as and when it wants,
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and strike and sign its own trade deals. it all added up to a hard sell in the commons. order. statement, the prime minister. she needed support, wanted to move on. the negotiations are now at a critical moment and all our efforts must be focused on working with our european partners to bring this process to a final conclusion in the interests of all our people. the labour leader had other ideas. we have 26 pages of waffle. he has been accused of lacking clarity. that was his charge against mrs may. this empty document could have been written two years ago. it's peppered with phrases such as, "the parties will look at...", "the parties will explore..." what on earth has the government been doing for the last two years? brexiteers hated the idea of being stuck in a close customs relationship under the so—called backstop plan, if a trade deal takes too long. we have the horror of being
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in the customs union, the horror of northern ireland being split off under a different regime. and a potential leadership contender piled in. we should junk forthwith the backstop, upon which the future economic partnership, according to this political declaration, is to be based. some tories fear losing control of uk fishing grounds. the snp agrees. scotland's fishing rights, thrown overboard as if they were discarded fish. so much for taking back control, more like trading away scotland's interests. the pressures may be mounting for a fresh referendum. now that we are in a position to ask people for their informed consent, that really is the time for a people's vote on this final deal. but mrs may has support, too, and they made themselves heard.
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outside this house, there's a much higher appreciation of the tenacity of the prime minister in pursuing a successful deal than we sometimes hear inside it. the prime minister met her austrian counterpart today. getting agreement in europe has been hard but that looks like being the easy bit. john pienaar, bbc news, westminster. so, the plan now is that theresa may and the other 27 eu leaders will meet in brussels on sunday to approve both today's draft political declaration, as well as the draft withdrawal agreement, which was published last week. our europe editor, katya adler, has been looking at the detail of the declaration. theresa may says this deal is the right one for the uk. but does it live up to her brexit promises? and even if it's right for the uk, what about the rest of the eu? this text is being studied now in all 27 eu capitals. one of the key issues at the heart of the eu referendum was taking back control.
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now, you have frequent mention in this document of uk sovereignty, and also of an independent uk trading policy. it's also made very clear here that after brexit, the freedom of movement of eu citizens to come and live and work in the uk is over. but while the text emphasises the uk won't have the right or obligations of eu membership after brexit it says the eu and uk should be highly ambitious as to the scope and depth of their new relationship, realising it might evolve. now this could mean anything, from the uk eventually having a bare—bones free—trade relationship with the eu to being a member of the european economic area, which would involve handing powers back to brussels. theresa may said after brexit, the uk would leave the single market but could still enjoy frictionless trade with the eu. well, that's not in here because the eu wants to drive home the point that if you leave the single market, you can't have the same benefits. but this is ambitious on trade.
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it calls for the ease of trade between the eu and uk, and to have as close a trade relationship as possible. for those who dislike the wording of the irish border guarantee in the other brexit document, the withdrawal agreement, they'll be relieved to see here that the eu and the uk say they're going to work hard to find alternatives, such as using technologies when they're up and running. and for others who worried that they were going to be staying in a customs union with the eu forever, there is no mention here of a union, but of "ambitious customs arrangements", which clearly is open to interpretation. the economic partnership should ensure no fees, charges or quantitative restrictions across all sectors, says the text.
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then adds that the eu — uk single customs territory outlined in the irish border guarantee in the brexit withdrawal agreement would be built and improved on. there's no mention of gibraltar in this document, despite the recent political spat. the eu sees the issue as bilateral between the uk and spain, and expects it will be resolved by the brexit summit on sunday. france's demand to fish in uk waters isn't addressed in the text either, which vaguely says fishing rights will have to be sorted out byjuly 2020. this is where the prime minister comes on sunday to meet eu leaders in the expectation that they will sign off on these brexit texts. but don't forget, the political declaration is not a final trade deal. it's not legally binding, so it's sort of designed to be all things to all people, in the hope too this will help theresa may sell her brexit deal to the house of commons. katya adler, bbc news, brussels. let's return to westminster now and speak to our deputy political editor, john pienaar. the prime minister clearly pleased
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and may be relieved that the progress she's been able to announce today, but there's a long way to go, isn't there? yes, there is. today's declaration was never likely to disarm the building conservative rebellion, which looks more than capable of defeating the government when the big boat comes in maybe a fortnight‘s time on december the 11th. fortnight‘s time on december the iith. few mps doubt theresa may's doggy determination to keep on keeping on, to try to handle brexit one step at a time but the government does seem to be heading for a potentially crushing defeat and some ministers seem to be resigned to that, even hoping that after a defeat there could be a wobble on the equity markets and the foreign exchanges that could put the frighteners on rebels and potential rebels and make it possible to have another go after losing a vote. some other ministers are publicly supporting mrs may, but privately looking beyond this coming possible defeat and the possibility of more
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talks in brussels, leading to a new deal more to their liking. so we can expect if you are a tory mp or member of the democratic unionist party, whose votes the government had been relying on, you can look forward to more pleading and more pressure. some labour mps may also vote with the government although as far as vote with the government although as farasi vote with the government although as faras i can vote with the government although as far as i can see that number seems to be shrinking. is there much money going on mrs may pulling off a political mission in brussels? in these parts not many people are willing to put any stake on that outcome tonight. and for more information and analysis on brexit, you can visit the bbc news website at the security service mi5 has admitted errors in failing to track salman abedi, whose attack at the manchester arena last year led to the loss of 22 lives. a report by mps on the intelligence and security committee says mi5 missed potential opportunities to stop the attack. the mps say mi5 admits it moved "too slowly" in establishing how dangerous salman abedi really was. the committee reviewed five attacks that affected britain last year, as our correspondent judith moritz reports. five attacks in six months made 2017 the worst year for terrorism in recent times. targets included the houses of parliament, the london underground, and a mosque in finsbury park. 36 lives were lost, thousands more injured and traumatised. now there is strong criticism
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from mps, who say lessons weren't learnt from past attacks. it has been striking how many of the issues which arose in relation to the 2017 terrorist attacks had been previously raised by this committee in our reports on the 7/7 attacks and on the killing of fusilier lee rigby. we have previously made recommendations in all of these areas, yet the government failed to act on them. there is particular focus on opportunities which were missed to prevent the manchester arena explosion. mi5 has accepted its mistake in failing to track the bomber, salman abedi. they were aware of him but were too slow to deal with his case. and with no travel restrictions imposed, he was able to return undetected from libya days before the attack. abedi was never referred to the government's anti—radicalisation programme, prevent, and was able to visit another extremist in prison. robbie potter was gravely injured in the attack,
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left in a coma with shrapnel removed from his heart. today he's on the mend but angry at the revelations. it is something that could have been stopped, end of. this did not have to happen. every alarm bell was ringing. you feel let down? i am a bit, yeah. there was enough warning signs. it wasn't like just one house call, there was enough warning signs. they should be took to court. there, i've said it. they should be took to court now. they're just as guilty. that could have been stopped. mis? yeah. olivia campbell—hardy loved dancing with her grandfather, steve. the 15—year—old was one of 22 people killed at manchester arena. she's everywhere in our house. always in our thoughts. steve feels olivia's loss every day but does not blame the security services. i don't hold them to task over it because nobody, like i say, goes to work to do a bad job or anything. if they're admitting failures, then they must be learning lessons and they must be improving security.
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they must be tightening things up, especially on people leaving the country and coming back, where they've been and what's happened to them. if they're looking at things like that, that's a lesson to go for. the home office and other agencies are said to have made a litany of errors in the parsons green tube attack, which will require a further review. the government says it's doing everything it can to tackle the evolving threat of terrorism. judith moritz, bbc news. the detective leading the investigation into the russian chemical poisonings in salisbury has told the bbc that the amount of nerve agent found in a fake perfume bottle could have killed thousands of people. bbc‘s panorama also spoke with the police officer who was poisoned while investigating the attempted murder of the former russian spy, sergei skripal, and his daughter, yulia. speaking publicly for the first time, he said he was "petrified" when he was told by doctors that he had the nerve agent in this system. panorama's jane corbin has
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this exclusive report. salisbury, wiltshire. in march this year, the city became the epicentre of a deadly attack. two russian assassins were sent to kill former russian spy sergei skripal with lethal nerve agent novichok. he and his daughter yulia were discovered critically ill in the city centre. but one of the police officers investigating the crime would become a victim too. we had to make sure that there were no other casualties in the house or anything in the house that was vital for us to find out what had actually happened to them. detective sergeant nick bailey was the first person to go to the skripals' home that night. he was wearing a full forensic suit when he entered their house, and everything appeared normal. 0nce i'd come back from the house, the skripals' house, my pupils were like pinpricks and i was quite sweaty and hot. at the time, i put that down to being tired and stressed.
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nick bailey too had come into contact with the novichok. it's like oil, sinking through porous surfaces, and it's spread by touch. just a few milligrams can kill. it only took a day for nick to realise something was badly wrong. everything was juddering. i was very, very unsteady on my feet. the sweating had gone from my forehead, down my back. my whole body was just dripping with sweat. he recalls the moment in hospital when he was told what had poisoned him. they said, "you have this novichok, this nerve agent, in your blood system". what was your reaction? scared, because it's the fear of the unknown. because it's such a dangerous thing to have in your system. knowing how the other two were, or how badly they'd been affected by it, i was petrified. it took two weeks for the investigators to discover that the nerve agent was put on the front door handle of the skripals' home,
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but it took the death of dawn sturgess to work out how it got there. her partner charlie rowley, who also became ill, had found the perfume bottle used to smuggle the substance into britain. this is an exact replica of the novichok bottle, the perfume bottle. there was a significant amount of novichok contained within the bottle. how many people could have been killed by that? it's difficult to say, probably into the thousands. did it help you when you knew that it had been on the door handle, and you didn't know that when you entered the house? it helped in some ways. i at that point knew, well, it's not something that i've done wrong, because that was a big thing for me. it's such a... outrageous, dangerous way of doing something, that it angered me as well. but nick, the skripals and charlie rowley all survived the attack. never seen before, moving cctv images show the two russian military intelligence officers anatoliy chepiga and alexander
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mishkin in salisbury, just after the attack. they're taking pictures, smiling, on their way to the train station and back to moscow. it's unlikely they will ever appear in a british court. i said all along, i want to walk out of hospital with my wife, which we did in the end. and being able to do that, to walk out of hospital after two and a half weeks of going through what i went through was incredible. detective sergeant nick bailey ending that report by jane corbin of bbc panorama. the board of the japanese car maker nissan has voted to sack its chairman, carlos ghosn, who is under arrest on suspicion of financial misconduct. mr ghosn had been in charge of the company for almost two decades. he's also the chairman and chief executive of renault. he's accused of under—reporting his income at nissan by millions of pounds over five years. jeremy hunt —
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the foreign secretary — says the government is doing all it can to secure the release of matthew hedges — the british academicjailed for spying in the united arab emirates. officials there say they hope to reach what they call an "amicable solution" with the uk after widespread criticism of the life sentence given to mr hedges. he'd been in the country conducting research on security strategy. i should warn you this report from paul adams contains some flashing images. back on home soil, exhausted and emotional. matthew hedges' wife, daniela, returned from the united arab emirates early this morning. in a bbc radio interview, she spoke despairingly about her husband's six—month ordeal. evidence against him is completely fabricated and he was put through so much pain for six months that absolutely nothing that he said or didn't could be used against him. the uae says her husband is a spy, properly tried and convicted.
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britain says there's not a shred of evidence — an argument bluntly put to the uae ambassador by the foregin —— foreign secretary this morning. but this afternoon in the uae, an apparent change of tone. a statement described by the foreign office as an olive branch. "contrary to media reports," it began, "matthew hedges has been treated fairly, according to the constitution of the uae." but the final line hinted at conciliation. "both sides hope to find an amicable solution to the matthew hedges case." at the foreign office, mr hedges' wife had herfirst meeting withjeremy hunt, still haunted by yesterday's court hearing, but less critical of the government's efforts. seeing him shaken in court after being handed a life sentence and then being made to leave was beyond heartbreaking. we didn't even get to say goodbye. i really appreciate the foreign secretary taking the time to meet me at this crucial point in matt's life. shortly afterwards, another twist.
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a phone call betweenjeremy hunt and his counterpart in the uae. this evening mr hunt called the conversation constructive. earlier in the day the talk here at the foreign office was all about a very frank conversation, diplomatic speak for a row. now the tone has changed completely. the two sides seem intent on lowering the temperature. after a grim six months and an agonising two days, a resolution does now seem a little nearer. paul adams, bbc news, at the foreign office. more and more young people are experiencing mental health issues, according to a new report by the nhs, which surveyed more than 9,000 young people in england. as many as one in eight people between the ages of 5 to 19 have a mental disorder,
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which includes emotional, behavioural or hyperactive conditions. boys between the ages of five and ten are twice as likely as girls to have behavioural issues. but, by the age of 17, it's young women who struggle the most, with as many as one in four suffering from a mental illness. 0ur health correspondent, dominic hughes, has more details. the content of the videos can be a bad influence orjust make you upset from the comments. you keep the lid on and all of those feelings build up and, eventually, when the bottle explodes, it will lead to depression. it'sjust nice to know that there's someone there for you when you need help. learning to cope with the ups and downs of life. these children are used to talking about how they feel. mental health is taken seriously at their school in salford. instead of lessons, they start the day by playing and chatting and that gives the staff the chance to spot any problems. if a child comes into school and they've got things
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going on in their head, or they're worried, or they're anxious, they're not going to learn because there's an automatic barrier there. so we have a responsibility to help alleviate that anxiety, or those worries that they may have. if the children here are struggling, they can turn to a trained counsellor, provided by the charity, place2be. and, over two decades working in schools, they've seen demand steadily increase. behaviour in children — often what we might call bad behaviour — can be recognised now as a burgeoning mental health problem or a sign of distress. the rise of social media has only added to the problem but, even as demand has risen, mental health campaigners say only a third of young people have been able to get help through the nhs. for the parents calling us, to the young people who tell us every day, theyjust can't get the help that they need, so we have to think about new approaches, much further investment into specialist
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services and thinking about that early intervention, particularly in the community and those beyond schools. the reason the mental health of these young people matters is that so many of the problems adults experience have already developed by the time people reach the age of 18 and that is why it is important they can access help early. good girl! as a young teenager, emma struggled to talk about her anxieties and fears until they spiralled out of control. i became really isolated. when my parents found out, i didn't actually see many friends. i felt like i didn't deserve anything really. deserve help or for people to care about me. emma's recovery continues. meanwhile, the government has promised extra money for children's mental health and the key seems to be acting early, giving children the skills to handle whatever life throws at them. dominic hughes, bbc news. the gases that are driving up global have reached a record high in the past year.
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—— global temperatures. a major source of carbon dioxide is power stations that burn coal. they account for one—third of all greenhouse gases produced worldwide and environmental groups say chinese companies are building dozens more of these plants. one of the latest is in serbia, from where our science editor, david shukman, reports. a dark winter afternoon in serbia, and one of the country's largest power stations is working at full stretch. above it, a column of pollution twists into the air. this place generates electricity by burning coal. serbia depends on it but coal is the dirtiest kind of fuel and there is now a plan to use even more of it. for years, climate scientists have been saying the world needs to move away from coal because, when you burn it, it gives off carbon dioxide — a gas that hangs around in the air and adds to global warming. but right now, here in serbia and in dozens of other countries around the world, china is behind a boom
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in the construction of the power stations that use this stuff. here, a chinese company has started a project to expand the power station. a chinese bank is providing a cheap loan to pay for it. we caught one brief glimpse of the workers themselves. having them here is a new experience for the serbian engineer in charge. the chinese workers, serbian workers fear this will be a really big challenge but for this moment we have very good cooperation of chinese. we have some problem at the beginning about cultural rooms are ready for more than a thousand chinese staff. until now china has only built power stations for itself. now it's pushing them from africa to asia, which could undermine the fight against global warming. you cannot be a world leader in curbing air pollution and, at the same time, the world's
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biggest financier of overseas coal power plants. for local people, coal does provide jobs but many are worried about the pollution. from everywhere, it's coming. this is the ash? this is the ash. this woman told me how waste from the power station blows into her house. a lot of women in the village, we're crying. we're talking between each other and crying. we don't know what to do. nearby, a vast mine that supplies the power station. it's raining, which has the strange effect of making the coal burn. the chinese will expand operations here, so the coal should last at least another 30 years. david shukman, bbc news, in serbia. some eight years ago, the formula one driver robert kubica nearly died in a rally crash, in which his right hand was almost severed.
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today, he announced he's returning to the f1 grid as a driver with the williams team. the polish driver says it's his greatest achievement, as our correspondent, patrick gearey, reports. few know the terrifying risks of racing at high speed better than robert kubica. this was the state of his rally car after it smashed into a roadside barrier in northern italy in 2011. kubica was lucky to escape alive. his right arm was nearly severed. he would never regain full movement in that limb. and yet next season he's back for more, as a driver for williams in formula 1. i know what it took me to get here, and i know what it takes to be one of the top drivers in formula 1, so now the question is to work, to give me a bit of time, and to focus on what is the part
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