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tv   BBC News  BBC News  November 23, 2018 4:00am-4:31am GMT

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welcome to bbc news, broadcasting to viewers in north america and around the globe. i'm reged ahmad. our top stories: theresa may says britain and the eu have agreed how they want their post—brexit relationship to work, although spain remains unhappy. the british people want this to be settled. they want a good deal that sets us on course for a brighter future. that deal is within our grasp and i am determined to deliver it. president trump warns, create disorder and i'll close the border. a stark message to migrants who've reached the mexico/us frontier. the police officer who was poisoned in the salisbury chemical attack speaks about his ordeal for the first time. and the new european power plants being fuelled by coal and chinese money. just three days to go before a crucial summit,
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and the british prime minister, theresa may, has defended a draft agreement on post—brexit relations with the eu saying a deal is within our grasp. but the proposed deal has been criticised by british mps from across the political spectrum. on the eu side, spain is voicing unhappiness too over gibraltar. european leaders are due to meet on sunday with the aim of approving the package. katya adler reports from brussels. this is the right dealfor the uk. it delivers on the vote of the referendum. it brings back control of our borders, our money and our laws, and it does so while protecting jobs, protecting our security and protecting the integrity of the united kingdom. theresa may says this deal is the right one for the uk, but does it live up to her brexit promises? and even if it's right for the uk, what about the rest of the eu? this text has been studied now
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in all 27 eu capitals. one of the key issues at the heart of the eu referendum was taking back control. now, you have frequent mention in this document of uk's sovereignty, and also of an independent uk trading policy. it's also made very clear here that after brexit, the freedom of movement of eu citizens to come and live and work in the uk is over. theresa may said after brexit, the uk would leave the single market but could still enjoy frictionless trade with the eu. well, that's not in here because the eu wants to drive home the point that if you leave the single market, you can't have the same benefits. but this is ambitious on trade. it calls for the ease of trade between the eu and uk, and to have as close a trade relationship as possible. for those who dislike the wording of the irish border guarantee in the other brexit document, the withdrawal agreement,
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they'll be relieved to see here that the eu and the uk say they're going to work hard to find alternatives, such as using technologies when they're up and running. and for others who worry that they're going to be staying in a customs union with the eu forever, there's no mention here of a union but for ambitious customs arrangements, which clearly is open to interpretation. there's no mention of gibraltar in this document, despite the recent political spat. the eu sees the issue as bilateral between the uk and spain, and expects it will be resolved by the brexit summit on sunday. france's demands to fish in uk waters isn't addressed in the text either, which vaguely says fishing rights will have to be sorted out byjuly, 2020. this is where the prime minister comes on sunday to meet eu leaders in the expectation they'll sign off on these brexit texts. don't forget, the political
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declaration is not a final trade deal. it's not legally binding, so it's sort of designed to be all things to all people in the hope too this will help theresa may sell her brexit deal to the house of commons. katya adler, bbc news, brussels. let's get some of the day's other news. convicted terrorists in australia may soon be stripped of their citizenship, under a radical extension of current laws. the proposed legislation would enable the australian government to take away citizenship, even if it leaves the person stateless. north and south korea have connected a new road across their border for the first time in fourteen years. seoul's defence ministry said the dirt road, which extends across the demilitarised zone, will be used forjoint operations to recover human remains dating from the korean war. president trump has downplayed the cia's assessment that the saudi crown prince, mohammed bin salman, ordered the killing of jamal khashoggi. mr trump said the intelligence agency had not conclusively placed the blame on the crown prince. his latest comments came as france announced sanctions on eighteen saudis linked to the killing.
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well, meanwhile president trump has threatened to close the whole of the us—mexico border if disorder breaks out there, as several thousand central american migrants reach the frontier. the mostly honduran migrants now in the border town of tijuana, are trying to escape economic hardship and gang violence. the authorities at the border expect other groups of central americans to join those already there, bringing the number of incomers to about 10,000. mr trump says he has authorised thousands of troops at the frontier to use lethal force if needed, although the defence secretary says military police will be unarmed. sarah kinosian is a freelance journalist, in tijuana. she told me more about the current situation at the border. the bulk of the migrants are at a sports complex that they've turned into essentially a refugee camp. there's about 4,000. .. a little bit more than 4,000 migrants that are housed there. it's a gymnasium, but for the most part, the migrants are outside staying on a baseball field, staying on a concrete basketball court in tents. last night, it rained, and that flooded the area by the bathrooms.
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it had become really dirty. they're essentially living in pretty bad squalor. they're starting to get desperate to find a way out of the camp. are they queueing to put in asylum claims? are they at the border areas at all trying to cross? yeah... before the group... the caravan of migrants came to tijuana, there was already a list of about 3000 people waiting at the port of entry waiting to apply for asylum. now that's extended anywhere from 1—3 months. it's going to about 4,200 people now. people have to put their name on this list and then they can apply for asylum. people this morning crossed the border illegally and turned themselves into border patrol agents. the idea most people have is to apply for asylum. the large majority of people also say that they want to do so legally.
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the problem now is its this months—long wait times. we've heard controversial comments from the us president, talking about closing the border and the possibility of lethal force, does any of that permeate the minds of migrants and the general population in tijuana? yeah. i mean, there's never an immediate reaction, sort of, hours later. it takes a bit longer for word to get to the group. but they are hearing reports of what he's saying on the whole. generally speaking, it's not that they're following his every movement, but they generally know that president trump does not want us, but we'll continue to be here and apply for asylum. what we want to do is apply for entry to the united states. here in the uk, the detective
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leading the investigation into the russian chemical poisonings in the english city of salisbury, has told the bbc that the amount of nerve agent found in a fake perfume bottle, could have killed thousands of people. the bbc‘s panorama programme also spoke to the police officer who was poisoned while investigating the attempted murder of the former russian spy sergei skripal and his daughter yulia. panorama's jane corbin has this exclusive report. salisbury, wiltshire. in march this year, the city became the epicentre of a deadly attack. two russian assassins were sent to kill former russian spy sergei skripal with lethal nerve agent novichok. he and his daughter, yulia, were discovered critically ill in the city centre. but one of the police officers investigating the crime would become a victim too. we had to make sure that there were no other casualties in the house or anything in the house that was vital for us to find out what had actually happened to them.
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detective sergeant nick bailey was the first person to go to the skripals‘ home that night. he was wearing a full forensic suit when he entered their house, and everything appeared normal. 0nce i'd come back from the house, the skripals‘ house, my pupils were like pinpricks and i was quite sweaty and hot. at the time, i put that down to being tired and stressed. nick bailey too had come into contact with the novichok. it's like oil, sinking through porous surfaces, and it's spread by touch. just a few milligrams can kill. it only took a day for nick to realise something was badly wrong. everything was juddering. i was very, very unsteady on my feet. the sweating had gone from my forehead, down my back. my whole body was just dripping with sweat. he recalls the moment in hospital when he was told what had poisoned him. they said, "you have this novichok, this nerve agent,
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in your blood system." what was your reaction? scared, because it's the fear of the unknown. because it's such a dangerous thing to have in your system. knowing how the other two were, or how badly they'd been affected by it, i was petrified. it took two weeks for the investigators to discover that the nerve agent was put on the front door handle of the skripals‘ home, but it took the death of dawn sturgess to work out how it got there. her partner, charlie rowley, who also became ill, had found the perfume bottle used to smuggle the substance into britain. this is an exact replica of the novichok bottle, the perfume bottle. there was a significant amount of novichok contained within the bottle. how many people could've been killed by that? it's difficult to say. you know, probably into the thousands. did it help you when you knew that it had been on the door handle, and you didn't know that
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when you entered the house? it helped in some ways. i at that point knew, well, it's not something that i've done wrong, because that was a big thing for me. it's such a... 0utrageous, dangerous way of doing something, that it angered me as well. but nick, the skripals and charlie rowley all survived the attack. never seen before, moving cctv images show the two russian military intelligence officers, anatoliy chepiga and alexander mishkin, in salisbury just after the attack. they're taking pictures, smiling, on their way to the train station and back to moscow. it's unlikely they will ever appear in a british court. i said all along, "i want to walk out of hospital with my wife," which we did in the end. and being able to do that, to walk out of hospital after two and a half weeks of going through what i went through, was incredible. jane corbin with that report. the government in zimbabwe has
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outlined plans to compensate white farm owners whose land was seized under the former president, robert mugabe. the cash will come from next year's budget, which projects a huge deficit. caroline rigby has more. it was one of the defining policies of the former president's rule. nearly two decades ago, robert mugabe encouraged blacks to take back their land. it was deemed by his government and supporters to have been unfairly acquired under british colonial rule. 0ften violent, the policies or an exodus of skilled white farmers, and the economy collapsed. the western world took note, breaking diplomatic ties, and imposing economic sanctions. but now, new plans to compensate farm owners whose land was seized, a condition the united states says must be met if sanctions against zimbabwe are to be removed. in the first budget of emmerson mnangagwa's
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presidency, and one that predicts a huge deficit, the government announced $53 million would be set aside for those whose land was taken under the land reforms of robert mugabe. but some bum association said this fall short of the $10 million they say is required. among dozens of other measures, the finance minister announced a 5% cut in salaries for civil servants. and a raft of tax increases, including on fuel. and here, a reminder of just how this parliament remains divided. a scuffle between police and opposition politicians who refused to stand for the president — a signal of the lingering bitterness that exists following this year's election, which they maintain was rigged, an accusation the government rejects. caroline rigby, bbc news. stay with us on bbc news. still to come: the anne frank house museum in amsterdam reopens after 2 years of renovations. president kennedy was shot down
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and died almost immediately. the murder ofjohn kennedy is a disaster for the whole free world. he caught the imagination of the world. the first of a new generation of leaders. margaret thatcher is resigning as leader of the conservative party and prime minister. before leaving number 10 to see the queen, she told her cabinet, "it's a funny old world." angela merkel is germany's first woman chancellor, easily securing the majority she needed. attempts to fly a hot air balloon had to be abandoned after a few minutes, but nobody seemed to mind very much. as one local comic put it, "it's not hot air we need, it's hard cash." cuba has declared nine days of mourning following the death of fidel castro at the age of 90. castro developed close ties with the soviet union in the 1960s. it was an alliance that brought the world to the brink of nuclear war with the cuban missile crisis.
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this is bbc world news, the latest headlines: theresa may has hailed a draft agreement on post—brexit relations with the eu as "right for the whole of the uk." but the spanish prime minister has again threatened to block the eu withdrawal deal over the future of gibraltar. president trump has said any disorder on the us—mexico border could result in the closure of the entire area. his warning comes as around 3000 migrants reach the frontier. in thailand, the recent death of a 13—year—old kickboxer in the ring has reignited a debate about the safety of children in the national sport muay thai. the teenage fighter was knocked out and died from a brain haemorrhage earlier this month. a bbc team in bangkok has looked into the long—standing dispute of whether children should be allowed to box. that was a bbc investigation into
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thai boxing. climate experts are warning that time is running out to tackle global warming after greenhouse gases reached record levels last year. power stations which burn coal are a major source of one of those gases, carbon dioxide. 0ur science editor david shukman reports now from serbia. a dark winter afternoon in serbia, and one of the country's largest power stations is working at full stretch. above it, a column of pollution twists into the air. this place generates electricity by burning coal. serbia depends on it, but coal is the dirtiest kind of fuel, and there's now a plan to use even more of it. for years, climate scientists have been saying the world needs to move away from coal because, when you burn it, it gives off carbon dioxide —
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a gas that hangs around in the air and adds to global warming. but right now, here in serbia, and in dozens of other countries around the world, china is behind a boom in the construction of the power stations that use this stuff. here, a chinese company has started a project to expand the power station. a chinese bank is providing a cheap loan to pay for it. we caught one brief glimpse of the workers themselves. having them here is a new experience for the serbian engineer in charge. the chinese workers, serbian workers fear this will be a really big challenge, but for this moment we have very good cooperation with the chinese. we had some problem at the beginning about cultural differences, but we overpassed this. rooms are ready for more than 1,000 chinese staff. until now, china has only built power stations for itself. now it's pushing them from africa to asia, which could undermine the fight against global warming. you cannot be a world leader in curbing air pollution and, at the same time, the world's biggest financier of overseas coal power plants.
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for local people, coal does provide jobs, but many are worried about the pollution. from everywhere, it's coming. this is the ash? this is ash. zivadinka told me how waste from the power station blows into her house. a lot of women in the village, we're crying. we're talking between each other and crying. we don't know what to do. nearby, a vast mine that supplies the power station. it's raining, which has the strange effect of making the coal burn. the chinese will expand operations here, so the coal should last at least another 30 years. david shukman, bbc news, in serbia. a giant dust storm is turning skies orange in parts of australia.
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authorities have issued a public health alert as a 500—kilometre wide dust band reached cities and regions in the south—east of the country. the storm was driven by strong winds picking up dry soil, carrying it to the coast, and has been exacerbated by an ongoing drought. the anne frank house museum has reopened in amsterdam after a two—year renovation of the home where the teenager hid from the nazi persecution of dutch jews. curators have retained the simplicity of the secret annex where the frank family lived for two years before they were discovered and deported to the death camps. russell trott reports. it is an assuming house in an unassuming part of amsterdam. but the story of anne frank, a teenage dutchjewish girl
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who hid with herfamily from the nazis during world war two, has reverberated down the years. generations later, the stark simplicity of the secret annex that the franks experienced still resonates with teenagers. translation: it's really special, how we now live, while in the past it was like this. so i think you can learn a lot from this. translation: it is a story about violence. we don't want something like this to happen again, so it is important to know what happened and what the consequences were. king wilhelm alexander was on hand to officially reopen the anne frank house museum after a two—year renovation. curators have refurbished displays and installed a multilingual audio guide with more information aboutjust how eight people managed to hide for two years before they were discovered and deported to the auschwitz death camp. anne's diaries were read by her father, otto, who managed to survive the war. he said her writing showed just what a serious person was. he also said he hadn't realised how little he really knew about his daughter. and the museum aims to preserve that
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prose as a lasting legacy and a message to today's children, whose grandparents weren't even born when she was in hiding, just where fascism leads. if the thought of getting your christmas tree in order this year is stressing you out then spare a thought for these artists in the belgian town of bruges, who are busy putting together what organisers are calling the first ever digital ice art museum. forty artists from the world have been involved in creating the wintery wonderland that features 3d video and led lights. it opens on saturday. a total of 80 sculptures feature in the display, made from three thousand blocks of ice. hello there.
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for many places, thursday started on a very cold note. some spots got almost down to —7 degrees. but for friday morning, not as cold, because there's a lot more cloud around. it will be often cloudy for the day ahead. showers for some, but not all. the satellite picture shows quite a lot of cloud. this cloud across the north—east is thick, low cloud, producing the odd spot of rain and drizzle. this brighter, more speckled cloud down to the south—west is capable of producing some showers. so throughout friday, we have the potential for some heavy, thundery showers across the south—west. some of these drifting into east wales, the west midlands, maybe north—west england. also some patchy rain across the north—east of scotland.
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elsewhere, a lot of dry weather, but equally, a lot of cloud. now, if you're across the midlands, east anglia and the south—east, i'm hopeful that this cloud will break up a little to reveal some spells of sunshine. the odd brighter glimpse elsewhere, but hefty showers never too far away from the south—west. for north—west england, particularly cumbria, also northern ireland and south—west scotland, the best chance of sunshine for the day. for eastern and northern scotland, a lot of cloud. misty, murky, drizzly and damp conditions for a lot of time. temperatures generally 6—10 degrees. going through friday night, we keep large areas of cloud floating around, stopping the temperatures from dropping too far. the showers rumble into the far south—west, these could be heavy and thundery and even cause
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a few travel issues. those overnight lows between 3—7 degrees in most places. we start the weekend like this. high pressure to the north, low pressure to the south. that brings us an easterly wind, which, at this time of year, will never be particularly warm. one in the system perilously close to southern england likely to feed some rain in here. uncertainty about just how far north it will get. really only spots to the south of the m4 are likely to be effected. otherwise, mostly dry. the best of any brightness or sunshine to be found in the west. those temperatures, 7—10 degrees, not feeling too bad. but on sunday, we are likely to bring some slightly colder air back in from the north—east. those temperatures taking a bit of a tumble. still a lot of cloud, still the odd spot of rain and drizzle. not as much rain at this stage to the south. this is bbc news, the headlines: the uk prime minister has hailed a draft agreement on post—brexit relations with the eu as ‘right for the whole of the uk'. but spain's prime minister has repeated his threat to try and stop the eu withdrawal deal,
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saying spain and the uk were still far from agreement over gibraltar. president trump has threatened to close the us—mexico border if disorder breaks out there, now that 3,000 central american migrants have reached the frontier. he also said he'd authorised thousands of troops at the border to use lethal force if needed. the government in zimbabwe has outlined plans to compensate white farm owners whose land was seized under the former president, robert mugabe. the cash will come from next year's budget, which projects a huge deficit. a team of scientists from the massachusetts institute of technology have created the first ever plane to take flight
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