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tv   BBC News  BBC News  November 24, 2018 4:00pm-4:31pm GMT

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this is bbc news. i'm lukwesa burak. the headlines at apm. theresa may heads to brussels as the eu says it's ready to sign the brexit withdrawal agreement. the spanish prime minister drops his threat to derail the summit, saying britain has given him assurances over the future of gibraltar. dup leader has attacked the deal saying that it would lead to differences between northern ireland and great britain. let me be very clear. that is not in the national interest. french police use water cannon and tear gas against demonstrators in paris who are demanding a cut in fuel prices. a us government report warns that unchecked climate change will cost the country hundreds of billions of dollars and damage human health and quality of life. i don't know how you can watch them all at the same time.
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you know what, darling? you really are a freak. and nicolas roeg — the director of the man who fell to earth and don't look now — has died at the age of 90. and at 4:30pm, foreign correspondents consider whether may's brexit deal will make it through the commons in dateline london. good afternoon. theresa may is heading to brussels to meet eu leaders, ahead of tomorrow's summit where her brexit withdrawal deal will be formally signed. the spanish prime minister, pedro sanchez, has called off his threat to boycott the summit, saying britain has given him the guarantees over the future of gibraltar that he wanted.
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the european council president donald tusk announced, in a tweet, that the eu would give backing to the deal at the summit tomorrow. he wrote... live to brussels, and our reporter gavin lee. looks like it is all going ahead. we have just been hearing from arlene foster at the dup conference. i would like to put to you quickly, if this doesn't get through the british parliament, have you heard any murmuring on the european side already discussing what would be put in place? the interesting point is, going back to the point that they
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have been proud of on this side of the water, the unity of the eu. any timei the water, the unity of the eu. any time i speak to spanish, belgian or portuguese diplomats, they say the same thing, we got to see how this role is in the uk. a few weeks ago we had donald tusk, the head of the european cancer, alluding to the fa ct european cancer, alluding to the fact that there could be no brexit, but i think the sense is that —— the head of the european council. at the moment, they are listening to the leader, listening to theresa may, who is saying that she is pushing through that policy that is planned. it has also got to go through the european parliament and be ratified by 750 meps. there are still steps in the process. this is clearly the first big marker. one newspaper in belgium called it today the final curtain of act one of brexit. and the stage is set now, because spain, pedro sanchez, the spanish prime
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minister, after days when we thought they would not appear at the summit, they would not appear at the summit, they were not happy, and wanted more say on bilateral talks over the future of gibraltar with the uk, just a few hours ago, pedro sanchez now saying that there has been an agreement. this is what he had to say. translation: i have just told the king that spain has reached agreement on gibraltar. the first thing i want to say is that, consequently, the european council will take place tomorrow. and the second is that europe and the uk have accepted the conditions set down by spain. because of this, spain will lift its veto and will vote tomorrow in favour of brexit. language is important, here. pedro sanchez talking about what he has achieved, the british government, what they did today, tim robbins, basically, he gave it a sense of his position and a letter on behalf of
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the british government, their representative to the eu, saying there was a particular article that spain was not happy with, article 184, and he said it was a fairly anodyne article talking about the future relationship between the eu and the uk making have a good trade deal and the spanish wanted to make sure that it was mentioned that gibraltar was not part of that, and from their side, sir tim gibraltar was not part of that, and from theirside, sirtim barrow, the ambassador or saying that gibraltar is not part of it and that it will be discussed separately. theresa may will go to the building behind me in a meeting with jean—claude juncker, the head of the commission, and they will talk about the choreography of tomorrow at the special summit, then she will walk across the road, she will go to the european council building and meet with their head, donald tusk, and this is where the summit will take place behind this building with all the glass on the
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outside, taken from each of the 28 countries, soon—to—be 27, if theresa may steers that course, and the mood we are told about tomorrow will not be celebratory, no champagne corks pimping, be celebratory, no champagne corks popping, it will be sombre on both sides, reflecting the fact that britain is attempting to leave after 45 years, that is the course theresa may is trying to steer and they are trying to respect one another. no family photos, a press conference straight after, and perhaps we will hear from theresa may tonight, as well. in the past half hour the leader of the democratic unionist party arlene foster has addressed the conference. miss foster claimed the draft withdrawal agreement fails the prime minister's own key commitments. now, conference i do want to acknowledge the hard work and determined efforts of the prime minister to secure an agreement. i believe she is genuine
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when she says she wants to see an outcome that does no harm to the union and the internal market of the united kingdom. however, this draft agreement fails her own key commitments. the prime minister has not been able to guarantee an outcome that eliminates the risk of the introduction of the so—called backstop arrangements. now, on the one hand we are told that the backstop would be the best of both worlds, and on the other hand, we are told we are not going to need a backstop so, ladies and gentlemen, therein lies one of the many contradictions at the heart of this draft withdrawal agreement. in such circumstances, northern ireland alone would be aligned to numerous eu single market regulations whilst great britain would not. such a scenario in the medium term would inevitably lead to barriers to trade within the united kingdom
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internal market. let me be very clear. that is not in the national interest. applause arlene foster. our ireland correspondent chris page is at the conference in belfast for us. arlene foster with the message that the dup is reaffirming its opposition to the prime minister's d raft opposition to the prime minister's draft brexit deal. there has never been as much attention on the dup. the chancellor philip hammond was here, borisjohnson was speaking before arlene foster, this is the party used ten mps are staying theresa may's minority government, they are at the parliamentary pivot point i'm with one of those mps now, gavin robinson, mp for east belfast, so gavin robinson, mp for east belfast, so what did you make of what arlene foster had to say about the brexit situation in the ticket the? arlene has been very clear in her position, position we have held for 18 months, where we have indicated that we have
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constitutional redlines, we want to see this country which voted to leave as one, and to do so in a way which doesn't impinge on the constitutional or economic integrity of our country. that message was reinforcement and indeed endorsed today by conservative colleagues. no turning back on this, you will vote against the deal if it comes before parliament in its present form. what happens after that? what has been useful in the last couple of days is that there is been a coalescing of understanding that the backstop is not in our best interests or the best interests of the united kingdom, philip hammond was of that view last night. the irish government has said very clearly that they would not impose a hard border on the island of ireland, so that being the case, what is all the fuss about, and after two years of suggesting there could be technological solutions to the issues around the border which were dismissed and scoffed at, the european commission are now saying that actually they could work, so
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there was an understanding now that there was an understanding now that there are solutions available, we just need to see what is presented in the political document oi'i presented in the political document on thursday translated into the legal text. the prime minister says of this deal is not backed by parliament, what is the alternative, we could be looking at no—deal or no brexit, and the dup has been passionately in favour of brexit on the start, so would those two consequences be a problem for you if going against this deal brought either of those about? the legislators passed the intention to leave the european union and that will happen on 29th of march, and we are wasting time asking parliament to accept a deal which will not pass through the house of commons. it doesn't have support from labour, snp, ourselves, and almost 80 conservative members, it will not pass. we should be recalibrating that deal and taking body was put in the political accord on thursday into the legally binding text of the withdrawal agreement. that is where
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the focus should like, if we need to wait until it is rejected by parliament then so be it, but that is the job to be looked at. gavin robinson backing up what his party leader arlene foster said, within the last hour, she said it is not a brexit deal that the dup wants and that the prime minister should go back and renegotiate it. the dup will try to maximises influence in parliament over the next coming weeks, no matter what happens. police in paris have used tear gas and water cannon to disperse protesters demonstrating for a second week — against a planned rise in fuel tax. clashes broke out on the champs—elysees despite a police security cordon around key sites. over the past year, the price of diesel has risen by around 23%. lisa hampele reports. a sea of yellow. the protesters in their trademark hi—vis jackets on the champs—elysees. the authorities mean business too,
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using water cannon and tear gas against the thousands of protesters, trying to prevent them moving down to the palais de la concorde and the presidential palace, which has been cordoned off. organisers bill this as act two in their rolling campaign. they are angry about an increase in diesel tax, justified by the government as an anti—pollution levy. but the campaign has grown into a broad opposition against president emmanuel macron. this metal worker says, "we feel like we've been working for years now and it'sjust extortion, while members of the government live like princes". "it's not even possible to live any more after paying taxes", says this woman. "i'm disgusted, i'm telling you, if i saw him, i wouldn't be able to shake his hand and i'd tell him exactly what i think." some here have been ripping up the street and trying to build barricades.
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but as protesters let off fireworks, the authorities have the power to move them on. close to 300,000 people protested across france last week. it's estimated that by the end of today, 30,000 will have taken to the streets here in paris. lisa hampele, bbc news. the headlines on bbc news: theresa may heads to brussels as the eu says it's ready to sign the withdrawal agreement. french police used water cannon and tear gas against demonstrators in who are demanding a cup of your prices. a us government report warns that unchecked climate change will cost the country hundreds of millions of dollars and damage human health and quality of life. and in‘s the final day of the rugby union
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autumn internationals. scotland are beating argentina 9—6 at murrayfield. england were drawing against australia at halftime at twickenham but elliot daly has just goiven them the lead. england have a 99 run lead against sri lanka in the final test, adil rashid took five wickets in colombo on the second day as the hosts collapsed to 240 all out. and formula one champion lewis hamilton rounds off his formula one championship winning year by claiming pole position for the final race of the season in abu dhabi. in the premier league manchester city are beating west ham 3—0, and fulham and southampton are drawing 2-2. we fulham and southampton are drawing 2—2. we will have a full update at half past five. the english director nicolas roeg has died aged 90. his best known films include don't look now and the man who fell to earth — which starred david bowie. nick higham looks back at his life. julie christie and donald sutherland
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in nic roeg's masterpiece, don't look now. it was sumptuous and eerie. as in all his films, the images by turns hooked you, hypnotised you and unsettled you. he was a cameraman before becoming a director. here he is on the set of fahrenheit 451, filming julie christie for the french director francsois truffaud. he was the director of photography here he is on the set of fahrenheit 451, filming on doctor zhivago, but fell out with the director david lean, who sacked him. his replacement won an oscar
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for work that was partly roeg's. this adaptation of far from the madding crowd was also all his own work, and also won awards. why don't you go to a hotel? his first film as director was performance starring mickjagger as a rock star and james fox is a gangster. it included graphic scenes of violence, sex and drug—taking. we want to drink. i cannot make it any simpler. water. he followed it with walkabout, about two white it starred jenny agutter and his own son, luke. water! glug glug glug! i don't understand how you can watch them all at the same time. you are really a freak.
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i don't mean that unkindly. the man who fell to earth featured another rock star, david bowie, in a sprawling and sometimes hallucinogenic work of science fiction. i really like you. the trouble is, people get too attached to each other. bad timing, a psychological thriller, featured multiple flashbacks, and starred another musician, art garfunkel and teresa russell. roeg later married her. his version of the witches by roald dahl brought his work to a new generation of children. he made films which were unpredictable and which often made producers and distributors uncomfortable. he could be driven. on one film the crew threatened to walk out when he filmed
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for 24 hours nonstop. but no other british director could match nic roeg's visual imagination or his skill at wrongfooting, bewildering and delighting audiences. nicolas roeg, who has died at the age of 90. a us government report has warned that climate change will cost america hundreds of billions of dollars and damage human health — if no action is taken. president trump has repeatedly cast doubt on the reality of climate change. our correspondent, james cook, has more. this, say many scientists, is what climate change looks like. in recent years, california has seen bigger, deadlier and more destructive wildfires than ever before. during a cold snap in washington this week, president trump tweeted, "whatever happened to global warming?" now, his own government experts have answered the question. it's here, they say.
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its effects are serious, and without dramatic change, they will be catastrophic. already, says the report, more frequent and intense storms like hurricane harvey, which ravaged houston and texas, are destroying property and may damage critical infrastructure, such as bridges, power plants and oil refineries. crop yields and labour productivity will decline. there will be a rise in the spread of tropical disease. the poorest americans will be hardest hit. one of the things that's quite striking about the report, for example, is that we could see a future where the south—eastern parts of the united states experience forest fire seasons that look like what happens in the west, right now. the scientists say substantial and sustained reductions in global greenhouse gas emissions are essential, and they do report some progress. without major, urgent action, says the report, the impacts of climate change will soon cascade into every corner of american life. james cook, bbc news, los angeles.
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i'm joined now via webcam by professor sam fankhauser, director of the grantham research institute on climate change at lse. thank you forjoining us. did the report that has been put together throughout any as yet undocumented results ? throughout any as yet undocumented results? it was a report that took several years to put together. it was produced by a very competent tea m was produced by a very competent team of experts, very carefully peer reviewed, so the quality of the evidence that has been assembled is really very good. you have the evidence there, but how are we doing in terms of adapting, the us doing, in terms of adapting, the us doing, in terms of adapting to climate change? it is important we focus more on adapting to climate change.
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the focus has long been on reducing emissions. that is crucial. it is the first issue that we have. but we can't forget that a certain amount of climate change is already in the pipeline. and we have to adapt to that. we are beginning to get better at that, but we are really only at the start of the process that will be with us for very long time because climate change will be with us because climate change will be with us for very long time. one of the conclusions from the report is that it will cost america a lot of money. you can apply this to many countries, not just america. financial incentives, are they enough to get people'sattention, that you think? we need a broad range of measures. financial incentives are crucial. we need government regulation that incentivises planning regulation on
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where we build houses, how we build houses, where we build infrastructure, and how, all of these things are crucial, because houses, infrastructure, those are normally pieces of long—lived capital that will still be there when the climate has changed. how do you think you can get the attention of people who are responsible for building houses, for putting infrastructure in the correct place that will adapt to future climate change? how do you get them to listen to you and act on that? the good news is that the level of awareness is increasing across society including amongst people who invest in infrastructure and in buildings, but it does need government regulation. some planning and building incentives to build houses to zero carbon standards and
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climate resilience standards. that is for government to do more on than the currently see. a lot of the change can come from the micro level, from citizens, for example, being aware of carbon usage. we have heard about the carbon footprint, which is fine, but if you have a government who have a very opposing stance, let's take the example of donald trump. what hope is there that citizens will get behind taking the appropriate action to combat climate change? with all due respect to the american president, i think citizens are much more enlightened about climate change and understanding what they have to do. they need more incentives and more guidance to do it, but issues like the uptake of electric cars, of renewable energy, these are trains that are happening on the climate
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resilient side, on the need to adapt, we see more measures taken on protecting properties, not nearly enough but we see those measures starting to happen, even donald trump's company is protecting their golf courses against sea level rise, so the message is getting through. thank you, professor, fascinating speaking to you. hundreds of environmental activists have taken part in a demonstration in parliament square in westminster. as part of the event organised by the group extinction rebellion, protesters were urged to wear funeral clothing and bring wreaths — to symbolise what campaigners see as the threat to the planet's future. demonstrations are also taking place at the scottish parliament in edinburgh, as well as in manchester, north wales and sheffield. the destruction of the amazon rainforest in brazil has reached its highest level in a decade, driven by illegal logging and the planting of crops.
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satellite images show that 3,000 square miles of forest was cleared in the year tojuly, up nearly 14% on the previous year. environmentalists say deforestation is one of the main causes of global warming. the national crime agency has issued a warning to organised gangs, which it says are behind a recent spike in illegal attempts to cross the english channel. this morning, the french authorities picked up five migrants from a small boat just off the coast southwest of calais. on friday, eight iranians were brought ashore after their dinghy was spotted off the coast of kent. it brings the total number of suspected migrants to have reached the uk this month to 101. let's talk now via webcam to the mp for dover, charlie elphicke. first off, what do you make of this
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spike in numbers? we have seen small craft seeking to break into britain before, but never on this scale, over 100 people trying to get into britain and land on beaches in hijacked fishing trawlers and small boats and it underlines the importance of taking action because as winter sets in the seas are getting rougher, temperatures getting rougher, temperatures getting colder and this is incredibly dangerous. what do you think is behind this spike? why are people taking this risk, despite the dangers? but it is clear that there is an organised trafficking network behind this. i have been calling on the british and french authorities to work together to put a stop to it, to stop this organisation in its tracks before there was a tragedy in the middle of the english channel. that is why i welcome the fact that the rich seam at long last to have been taking some positive action. ——
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the french seem to have been taking. what sort of trent have you seen on this? —— what sort of trent. it seemed to have been encouraging more migrants to head towards calais. the amount of illegal migration between dover and calais has been falling dramatically in recent times, on the backs of lorries, and they have cleared the jungle in calais as a jumping off point, be got back cleared after a long campaign, the number of entrants on the backs of lorries has been dramatically reduced. but it has had a displacement effect as we have been seen and people trying more remote ports, inlets, and beaches and that is where we need to focus. there are several elements that we have to consider. it has been highlighted as
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organised crime. with that you need an organised crime fighting system in place. when it comes to the uk and europe, that includes europol and europe, that includes europol and the schengen information system. how do you think brexit is going to impact on that because in terms of gathering intel, you say that the home office should be doing more, but if they lose that resource, how do you think the uk government, the home office, can fight this worrying increase in people trying to cross the channel? the cooperation is not something that we do just purely with europe. we are part of the best intelligence network in the world, the five eyes, that includes the united states and australia and countries like that. cooperation is a mindset, not about being part of a
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bigger organisation. there is a difference in cooperation and control. we are leaving the control of the european union but it does not mean we cannot continue to cooperate and work positively with european countries. thank you very much. hundreds of people have attended the funeral of the well—known syrian radio host and activist, raed fares, who was killed by gunmen in the rebel—held province of idlib. mr fares founded an independent radio station broadcasting from opposition—held areas. despite several assasination attempts — he refused to leave idlib and continued to defy both the government and militants. when fresh radio was ordered to remove its female presenters — software was used to disguise their voices. tributes to fares have been paid from across the world. dateline london is coming up. now it's time for a look at the weather with nick miller. north—west scotland fared best for
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sunshine and will again tomorrow, thanks to an easterly flow coming into the uk and most of the cloud stays in the east and south on with that today we have had outbreaks of rain and showers and through this evening and tonight we will keep showers on the south coast, but into the east of scotland and north east england, a few in northern ireland as well. temperatures getting into low single figures, close to freezing in the clearest spots. maybe a touch of frost going on to the morning. tomorrow, still an easterly flow and showers around in scotla nd easterly flow and showers around in scotland and the north of england fishing into northern ireland, some clipping the far south—east. elsewhere, variable cloud, clear spells, quite a bit of dry weather away from the showers and


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