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tv   BBC News at Five  BBC News  November 27, 2018 5:00pm-6:01pm GMT

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today at 5pm, theresa may starts her tour of the uk to sell the controversial brexit deal, widely criticised by mps. the prime minister insists the plans are in the national interest, and denies claims that it will make trade deals difficult to negotiate. we will be able to do trade details, negotiate trade deals with countries around the rest of the world. regarding the united states, we have already been talking to them about the sort of agreement we could have in the future. but as mrs may visited wales and northern ireland, she was aware of highly critical remarks from one of her political allies. this deal actuallyjust gives us the worst of all worlds. no guarantee of smooth trade in the future, and no ability to reduce the tariffs that we need to conclude trade deals with the rest of the world. we'll have the latest on mrs may's tour, and we'll be speaking to the dup, the prime minister's parliamentary partners. the other main stories on bbc news at 5pm. a sharp rise in the number of migrants trying to cross the english channel by boat,
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including another 18 today, a one—year—old baby among them. a bus company is fined almost £2.5 million after one of its drivers crashed into a supermarket, killing two people. global efforts to tackle climate change are way off track, according to the un, as it details the first rise in co2 emissions in four years. and tributes to baroness trumpington, a wartime code breaker and former minister, who's died aged 96. it's 5pm. our main story is that the prime minister has embarked on a tour of the uk to try to win people over to her controversial brexit deal, the deal heavily
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criticised by mps yesterday. but earlier today, one of her most loyal supporters, the former defence secretary sir michael fallon, declared that the deal was "doomed" and the "worst of all worlds". mrs may insists the deal is in the national interest, and that britain will be able to negotiate its own trade deals in future. she's been visiting wales and northern ireland on the first part of her tour, as our political correspondent chris mason reports. the big brexit boat is a fortnight away. —— brexit vote. suddenly, it feels like a general election campaign with one candidate, the prime minister, and one policy, her brexit deal. the first stop today, mid wales. i am here today at the winter fair at the royal welsh hearing from farmers and manufacturers the importance of the certainty that the deal brings, the importance of the free trade area, and the ability to continue to export well with the european union in the future that we seen that political declaration for our future
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relationship on trade with the european union. but her critics are everywhere. this man, glass of water in hand, used to walk radio studio all the time to defend the government. take a listen to him now. my fear is this deal actuallyjust gives us the worst of all worlds. no guarantee of smooth trade in the future and no ability to reduce the tariffs that we need to conclude trade deals with the rest of the world. so unless the commons, i think, can be persuaded somehow that those things are possible, yes, then i think the deal is doomed. here's the leader of the party that props up here's the leader of the party that props up the conservatives in parliament. the disappointing thing for me is the prime minister has given up on this is where we are we have to accept that. she may have given up on further negotiations, but i have not, i believe in a better way forward and we must find out. and with friends like that, the prime minister could do without what you are about to hear
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from the president of the united states. who does he think is the winner in the negotiation between the uk and european union? sounds like a great deal for the eu and i think we have to do this... i think we have to take a look seriously at whether or not the uk is allowed to trade because, you know, right now if you look at the deal, they may not be able to trade with us. downing street insists an independent trade policy is possible under its plan, but with criticism raining down on the prime minister, people on all sides of this debate are now marshalling their arguments, hoping that their plan can replace hers if, when, it is defeated. some passionate brexiteers say leaving the eu with no deal is fine and they reckon the vision of mrs may is the worst in history, and they are not surprised by the intervention of president trump. he is not only pro—british, pro—brexit, believing that nation states should make deals together, but from day one of being elected,
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he saw a big all—encompassing trade deal with the uk as being a very important thing for our two countries. and for him to say, i am not protectionist, i believe in free trade when it is between countries that are equivalent. from those arguing for no deal to those arguing for no brexit, some young campaigners gathered in westminster this morning to make their case. if you get the feeling anything could happen in the next few months, you mightjust be onto something. chris mason, bbc news. let's pick up on the remarks of donald trump and other people asking what trade deals could britain struck with other countries, specifically under the terms that theresa may is putting forward 7 our reality check correspondent, chris morris, is here. has trump got a point? the political declaration approved
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by eu leaders on sunday says that uk can develop independent trade policy. but independent does not necessarily mean you don't have to make tough choices. obviously there'll be a transition period after brexit, and during that transition, we will still be in the customs union. so no free trade deals on goods with other countries around the world. if after that we went into the irish backstop, there'd be a single customs territory, no free—trade deals on goods with other countries around the world. there's that, there's also the wider issue of who's rules you follow. you can talk about chlorinated chicken, whether it comes from the us, but also about pharmaceuticals and chemicals, about the parts in the car industry. around the world there are some big realtor he blocks. china is coming up, we will not align with china, so do you stay very closely aligned
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with the eu, or do you drift more towards the united states? i think what donald trump was saying is that from our point of view, it looks like in this deal that there is certainly a decision being made by some people that it is more closely aligned with the eu that donald trump would like. it is not the clea n b rea k trump would like. it is not the clean break that he wants so he can drag the uk into the us orbit. duties shed any more light on the argument being had? duties shed any more light on the argument being had ?|i duties shed any more light on the argument being had? i think they do, because this is what businesses do. if we look at the trade the uk did last year, if we look at the trade the uk did last yea r, total if we look at the trade the uk did last year, total trade in goods and services, the trade with the us, pretty pratt —— impressive, £112 billion in exports but if you look at the same for the rest of the eu, our trade with the rest of the eu is still far bigger. a lot of brexiteers say there is markets around the worlds which are
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increasing in size very quickly, far more quickly than our trade with the eu, which is streaking as of size of our overall trade. but our trade with still bigger than china. the trade with the rest of the eu after brexit will remain by far for years to come are most important market, thatis to come are most important market, that is what businesses are saying if we are dealing with chemicals or pharmaceuticals, we still want to be close to the eu, as close as possible. but there is a choice there, maybe you are taking back of that choice, but the choices do you stick as close as you can do the eu, or follow other people's advice and go for that global buccaneer and roll? the truth in what donald trump saysis roll? the truth in what donald trump says is you cannot necessarily have both. good to talk to you, chris morris. staying on this theme, straight to westminster. sammy wilson is the dup's brexit spokesman in the commons, and joins us from westminster. thank you for being with us. are you
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someone thank you for being with us. are you someone who is really in that buccaneer in the area that chris was talking about, or do you think that i lying to yourselves closer to the eu after brexit for trade purposes is the simple way forward? eu after brexit for trade purposes is the simple way forward7m eu after brexit for trade purposes is the simple way forward? if you look at the situation in northern ireland, very little of our trade is with the eu, a seventh of our trade is that the eu, the rest is with gb or the rest of the world market. the growth areas are in the rest of the world market, which is where we are finding our exports, which are booming, are mostly going to know. that is why new opportunities are opening. ina that is why new opportunities are opening. in a deal which cuts you off from being able to fully exploit those markets is bad. of course don't forget, if the irish backstop comes in operation, we cannot even participate in any future trade deals that the uk may do with other parts of the world, but we will be tied into the customs area of the european union. why would that --
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why are so many businesses in northern ireland telling us clearly that they think this deal, though not perfect, the one theresa may has put forward, is the best way forward right now? for two reasons. first of all, many of those businesses tell me that they would take anything which gives them certainty, even for the long term there may be severe consequences from that. i a lot of his business organisations did not wa nt to his business organisations did not want to leave the eu and the first place. they now see an opportunity to try and undo the result of the referendum that they were unhappy that labour voted to leave the eu. do but the farmers union in the category? yes, most farmers unions are strange category? yes, most farmers unions are strange ones, because category? yes, most farmers unions are strange ones, because the agreement is quite explicit about farming in northern ireland. the agreement makes it quite clear that in the event of the uk leaving and
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the irish backstop coming in operation, any subsidies and support for farming operation, any subsidies and support forfarming in northern ireland could and would be capped by the european union to make sure that any support which do you pick —— uk government gave the farmers in northern ireland cannot exceed the support that was given in other parts of europe. most of the farmers union is a strange one, i thought they would have wanted to make sure that they were free from the kind of restrictions which the eu would have post on farmers, one of which many farmers say they do not speak for them. may be it is because they think this deal, though i say imperfect as it is, is the best guarantee of stability at this point? you've mentioned yourself that people don't want uncertainty. they don't want to swap uncertainty
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for a bad deal which gives you damage in the long run. we don't have time to go into it, but to be excluded from future uk trade deals with the expanding parts of the world, to have eu regulations imposed on us which would interfere in the workings of our working industries and impose bad rules on our industries, costly rules which we have no chance of ever changing, or leaving aside and putting a barrier between northern ireland and gb, which the agreement states will happen. that does not strike me as a good economic deal, let alone the constitutional issues which are involved in all of that, as well. have you heard anything over the last 2a hours from northern ireland, where lots of these organisations to mock or in westminster, which would make you rethink the ambition you
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have, which is not to vote for this deal? i have not, and the chancellor came and spoke to our party conference came and spoke to our party co nfe re nce over came and spoke to our party conference over the weekend. even the chancellor, who of course is supporting this deal, admitted that this deal was not good for northern ireland either in terms of the constitutional organisation or our economy. and the only hope that he could hand out to people was that we hope we will never have to implement that. but that is very, very little conference —— comfort to those who are faced with an agreement that is legally binding, and which the eu are negotiators, and indeed the president of france has said over the weekend will be used to get further concessions. good to speak to you again, thank you so much. it is 5:13pm. two small boats carrying 18 suspected migrants have been stopped in the english channel. an 18 month—old child is believed to have been among them. in the last three weeks, 110 migrants, many claiming to be iranian nationals,
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have reached kent from france. all have been passed to immigration officials. the recent surge in attempts to cross the channel is being blamed on gangs who are stealing small craft to smuggle migrants into britain. our correspondent colin campbell sent this report from dover. rescued off the coast of dover in an inflata ble rescued off the coast of dover in an inflatable dinghy. these are migrants from northern france trying to get into britain. in the last few months, there has been a surge in this kind of activity. a micro cap in dunkirk we are secretly filming. the smugglers like this man who are the heart of the problem, willing to risk lives for financial gain or stop translation: it'll cost 3- £4000. i'm taking three people with me. they pay in cash. we get the boat
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and off we go. he says he was a fisherman in iran and getting is across the channel would be easy. translation: look, i will check across the channel would be easy. translation: look, iwill check the weather. you have waves in the seed. ferries cross the water, and they can drag it underneath them even if you are one km away. i know the sea routes where you will not be disrupted by the fairies. more than 100 migrants have reached the coast by boat in the last three weeks, but not all that the part succeed. this man from afghanistan was put in a dinghy with 11 others. he was rescued at night after the engine stalled. he thought he was going to die. it was freezing a couple days ago, and when you give way... they we re ago, and when you give way... they were sleeping and we tried to wake them up. their hearts. from the cold. this migrant told me the bow he was
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in capsized after being battered by waves. living in a squalid makeshift camp in calais, thick when they fled their countries because of religious and political diffusion. their desperation to get to the uk is being fuelled by fears of brexit. how many of you think it will get harder? put your hands up? you all think it will get harder? everyone is talking about it here, we need to get in quicker. even as winter sets in and temperature start up loan birth year, migrants are continuing to prepare to stretch this treacherous path of water. their doing so in the dark and using their mobile phones to navigate across the kent coast. waiting to catch a dinghy to the uk, these iranian migrants told me they had paid £6,000 each and were waiting to be taken to a nearby beach by smugglers. translation: we have to go by boat.
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we know we are putting our lives in danger. i've tried before, but the waves we re danger. i've tried before, but the waves were three metres high and came up waves were three metres high and came up over waves were three metres high and came up over the boat. i already stared death in the face. there are fears drowned migrants could watch —— washed up on the calais's beaches. migrants trying to cross are risking their lives here in calais. french authorities, are they doing enough? we tried to stop them, we stop every boat that tried to cross the channel. but we need to face the truth that we cannot stop everyone. overloaded with migrants, this was the bow stopped by french authorities this morning. they were rescued, but there is realfear those lies maybe lost. colin campbell, bbc news, calais. the headlines on bbc news. theresa may has started her tour of the uk to sell the controversial brexit deal, which has been widely criticised by mps. 18 migrants, including a baby, are rescued from two small boats
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in the english channel, as they tried to reach the uk. a bus company has been fined almost £2.5 million after one of its drivers crashed into a supermarket, killing two people. in sport, jose mourinho says he will block the old trafford if he has to. their two home games have been delayed because of traffic problems. win tonight, and they can go to the knockout stage. the second leg will not be held in argentina, but it will be held on either 8—9 december. the venue has yet to be announced. and former england defender sol campbell has his first managers job, taking over at macclesfield. the bottom taking over at macclesfield. the botto m clu b taking over at macclesfield. the bottom club in english football league. i will have more on those stories just after half an hour. a bus company has been fined more than £2 million after it ignored
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warnings about a driver, who later crashed into a supermarket, killing two people. the midland red bus careered into the sainsbury‘s store in coventry three years ago, killing a seven—year—old boy and a pensioner. the trial heard the driver, who was 77 at the time, had mistaken the accelerator for the brake. our correspondent kathryn staczysyn reports. the moment kailash chander lost control of his double—decker bus failing to brake, pressing hard on the accelerator instead. seconds later, it smashed into a supermarket, killing seven—year—old rowan fitzgerald, who'd been sitting at the front of the top deck. 76—year—old dora hancox, who had been crossing the road that afternoon, was also killed. the court heard it was lucky more people were not injured. kailash chander was 77 at the time of the accident and was diagnosed afterwards with dementia, his driving had become increasingly erratic. mr chander had had several previous crashes, there had been repeated
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complaints by customers, and six months prior to the crash, he had been assessed in house. bosses were told fatigue was affecting his driving. on the day of the accident, kailash chander had already worked a 75—hour week. he was deemed unfit to stand trial at a previous hearing. the bus company, pleading guilty to twohealth and safety offences, admitted that they later act had tragic consequences. our own detailed policies were not followed as closely as they should have been. there were failures at an operational level with driver supervision, and we deeply regret the opportunities that were missed to act decisively on warning signs. in a statement, the fitzgerald family said their lives have been changed forever. we will always feel anger over the cruel and unnecessary way rowan died. anger at not only the driver, kailash chander, but also a bus company which we feel did not do enough to stop the driver being a danger to others. midland red says it has made key
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changes and now has a much more robust safety measures in place, but the judge said the £2.3 million fine reflects the fact the public was put at risk notjust on that day, but for months beforehand. kathryn stanczyszyn, bbc news, birmingham. a ten—year—old boy who had a rare blood disorder has been reunited with the man who helped save his life. rupert cross was diagnosed four years ago, and spent months in a specialist unit at great ormond street on a course of chemotherapy. but his life was changed when a man who'd joined the register turned out to be a match. bbc look east's robbie west has the story. so, all of these i've got to have? yeah. 0h! that's why you have a drip. iwould be sick, like, everywhere. rupert spent more than 80 days in a specialist treatment unit, diagnosed with a rare blood disorder. the six—year—old's immune system was failing right in front of his parents' eyes. i remember the time when his
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hair was falling out, and i was in with a nurse and i was just stroking his hair, and it wasjust coming out in clumps. i would have done anything to have swapped places with him. it's... it's such... it's such a horrific experience. his only option was to find a willing bone marrow donor who was a close enough genetic match. unknown to rupert, in basildon, someone was about to join the register who had the potential to save his life. billy higgins works in a bank. a charity had set up outside and was signing up bone marrow donors. he's the first to admit his initial reason forjoining the register wasn't all about helping others. yeah, ended up on the register
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because the girl i liked was in the queue. due to the complexities of rupert's condition, billy had to have an operation to remove some of his bone marrow. rupert has gone on to make a full recovery. billy went to hemel hempstead to meet rupert and his family. he was joined by the girl that he was flirting with in the queue to become a donor. she had to come along, really, seeing as now she's his wife. hi. pleased to meet you. nice to meet you! hi. how you doing, rupert? good, thank you. you all right? yeah. i feel... i feel very lucky. i can't believe, like, that someone has... i don't know, i can't put it into words. he's a superman. i'll take that one! rupert needed a hero, and in billy, he got one. robbie west, bbc news.
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the british academic freed from jail in the united arab emirates yesterday has arrived back in britain. matthew hedges was welcomed home by his wife and members of his family. the durham university phd student was pardoned yesterday after being sentenced to life in prison for spying. this afternoon, his wife daniela tehada tweeted a picture of the couple, reunited after his return. she said, "thanks for collectively helping me to bring back my husband. we've been through hell and back and would really appreciate having some space to catch up on much—needed rest. " a study of graduate pay shows women with degrees gain more financially in their first few years of work than men do. the institute for fiscal studies found that by the end of their 20s, female graduates earn 28% more than other women. it's largely because women without degrees are particularly likely to be low earners. for men, the difference is only 8%. lauren moss reports. choosing to go to university can be an expensive decision.
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the average student leaves with £50,000 of debt. for the first time, a report has examined whether graduates later make that money back. it appears women are getting a better return on their investment. on average, by the age of 29, a female graduate earns £6,700 a year more than a woman who did not go to university. in comparison, a man with a degree earns £2,700 a year more than a man without. the subject studied makes a big difference, with maths, science, and medicine likely to lead to better wages than the creative arts, english, or philosophy. we do see lots of men studying at institutions with zero or negative returns by 29. but it is important to bear in mind this return is likely to grow through men's 30s, as graduate men tend to earn at a faster rate through their 30s than non—graduate men. for women, we see a large average
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return of around 26%, that varies, but it is a pretty consistently positive story for women. these figures are only a snapshot of average earnings at the age 29. they don't look into how what may happen next in life could have an impact, such as how if a woman has children it could affect her income and how male graduates tend to earn more later. some students think the findings might affect what people choose to study. there are quite a lot of degrees that are not as employable. i think it should impact people's choices, if money is something that drives you. maybe people are discouraged to studying art or literature, but i feel like it is something to think about. the government is to review university tuition fees. the focus will turn to which institutions offer the best value for money. a good degree will be worth the investment. i want to see universities competing to offer the best quality and value for money degrees to young people.
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as students prepare to send off their ucas applications early next year, questions continue to be asked about how well—prepared they will be for life after university. lauren moss, bbc news. time for a look at the weather. here's chris fawkes with the forecast. this is the last of the chilly days, the weather turns milder to the afternoon across parts of wales in southwest england behind his band of rain that continues to edge its way northward and eastwards. even as that wind clears, the weather becomes dry for a time. if few mist and fog patches over the hills. another been afraid will be coming infor another been afraid will be coming in for the second half of the night. it will become quite a windy night, particularly across western areas, those winds will prevent temperatures from dropping too far.
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a relatively mild night compared to recent nights. that tomorrow we have an area of low pressure that will be bringing strong winds. the western side of the country could getjust a 60-70 side of the country could getjust a 60—70 mph across our coast and hills, drinking —— bringing some tree trunks around. the range of will be all with us, but heavy across northern ireland and scotland, bringing some low surface flooding. as the rain moves into the afternoon, that is were the strongest winds will come through here. you have to wait towards wednesday night before you see the strongest gusts, which could reach up strongest gusts, which could reach up to 75 mph through wednesday night. that is the latest weather. this is bbc news. the headlines. theresa may has started her tour of the uk — to sell the controversial brexit deal — which has been widely criticised by mps. eighteen migrants — including a baby — have been rescued from two small
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boats in the english channel as they tried to reach the uk. a bus company has been fined almost 2.5 million pounds — after one of its drivers crashed into a supermarket — killing two people. global efforts to tackle climate change are way off track — according to the un — as it details the first rise in co2 emissions in four years. and — nasa's probe on mars has started sending images back to earth — after it successfully landed on the planet's suface. let's catch up with all the sports news. manchester united manager jose mourinho says if he has to he'll walk to old trafford for tonight's match against young boys. it's after traffic problems saw their last two home champions league matches delayed. united haven't won at home in the competition this season yet
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butjose mourinho says there's no pressure on his side. our sports correspondent david ornstein is at old trafford having beaten the traffic, david, he says he isn't butjose surely must be feeling the pressure? he will be feeling the pressure of getting here on time after both problematic home games in europe this season. manchester police have warned everyone should try to get here early with traffic problems and the christmas markets. and around 3000 young boys fans walking from the city centre. manchester united will be bidding to get back to their winning ways, it has been their worst start to season in 28 years. their bidding to avoid going for four matches, european matches, without a win here at old trafford for the first time in their history and three european matches without scoring here at old trafford for the first time in their history. of course they beat young boys convincingly in switzerland in
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september. their runaway league leaders in the swiss league, young boys, but had not even a team in england. and they are struggling in the champions league this season having lost every match in the group stages. so manchester united should win the match tonight but you can never guarantee anything. so a win for united could send them through but manchester city need just a point to make the knockout stage. but they face the only team that have beaten them so far this season. they're in france to play lyon. i want to qualify. that is the first target. in that period at the start of the season until now, the most important issue is qualification for the champions league. with the premier league it is important to be there, of course. but at the end have more time. then if you make one or two mistakes, you can be out. and it's such a dangerous competition, so dangerous. the organisation which runs south american football says
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the postponed second leg of the copa libertadores won't be played in argentina. but the match between local rivals boca juniors and river plate will take place on either the 8th or 9th of december, with the venue still to be decided. it's after the original fixture was postponed after boca players were injured in an attack on their team bus, events which one former player said has ‘shamed' argentina. well spurs manager mauricio pochettino has described the violence as being a cultural problem in his home country — and one that might never be solved. he linkened the situation to that in england in previous generations. for me it is cultural and how you change that i do not know. i do not know how to change that, it is so difficult for the politicians and for the people that try hard to change. i think it is cultural and
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we need to be very tough. i'm not sure it is going to change. sol campbell has been appointed manager of the english football league's bottom side macclesfield town after agreeing an 18 month contract. it's the former england defender‘s firstjob in charge of a team. he had previously complained that his managerial career in england has been hampered by a lack of opportunity for black coaches. macclesfield are five points adrift at the foot of league two. johnny bairstow has become the latest england cricketer to try his hand at the shortest form of the game. after returning to the test side and winning man of the match in colombo, he's signed a short—term deal with kerala knights in the t10 league which is being played in the uae. the team is captained by england one day skipper eoin morgan. we'll have more for you in sportsday at half past six. let's get more now on brexit — and that warning from president trump that a trade deal
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with the us will be difficult under theresa may's proposed withdrawal deal. mr trump suggested the agreement "sounds like a great dealfor the eu" — and might hamper a future trade deal. the former defence secretary, michael fallon, said the comments had to be taken seriously. gary hufbauer is a senior fellow at the peterson institute for international economics — and a former deputy assistant secretary for international trade and investmement policy — in the us treasury department. he joins me now from our washington studio. thank you for your time today. can you put those remarks in context for us you put those remarks in context for us and what do you think the president was trying to achieve by them? the deal as i understand it
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requires the continuation of the present eu uk relationships through until december 2020. after that there is a backstop for the uk to remain in the customs union with all regulatory provisions and tariffs and so forth of the eu, unless something else is negotiated through this radical declaration. what that means is until december 2020 the end of president trump and his time in office unless he wins a second term, the uk cannot negotiate a tariff free deal with united states, nor compromise on regulation with united states because those are the eu rules. what might happen afterwards
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depending on how the political declaration works out, is that the uk could be free to negotiate services trade agreement with the united states. and the uk is very much a service economy as is the us in terms of percentage of our put and so forth. it is loaded towards services. however president trump does not seem to care much about services even though he is a hotel man himself. it never has featured in his talks on trade deals, he's focused on manufactured goods etc. so that this kind of the impact of what he said and i think that his objectives, a deal does not look promising during the next couple of yea rs promising during the next couple of years and maybe even after that between the us and the uk.
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years and maybe even after that between the us and the uki years and maybe even after that between the us and the uk. i suppose in some way part of the case being made especially by some of those who are for brexit and happy for brexit is that the us would be standing by to be friendly and would offer something favourable. although of course we know president trump is all about america first. did that ever make any sense? not really because the uk, their main trading partner as everyone knows is europe. that is more than half of its trade and the us is decidedly lower than that. maybe a fifth of the trade or something like that. so from an economic standpoint it never made sense to kind of say goodbye to europe and hello to the united states because of that. it had to be some kind of compromise. so i think that was kind of a fantasyland
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argument for brexit. it did not hold argument for brexit. it did not hold a lot of water. and now we come to this deal which means that the eu is the main trading partner with the uk now. if we look ahead yon buchanan in fermentation, transition period realistically given what just said about the balance of trade, realistically what could the trade deal between the uk and the us look like and crucially, how long would that take to negotiate? you are right, i followed by that take to negotiate? you are right, ifollowed by negotiations for about half a century and they a lwa ys for about half a century and they always ta ke for about half a century and they always take longer than is announced at the outset. they are very difficult. so nothing could be done quickly. what would a train deal
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look like, i mentioned services. london is now and will continue to bea london is now and will continue to be a major financial centre and financial services, that is big stuff. and there are issues between the us and the uk in the finance base. mutual funds, insurance, shares, and also in health. increasingly we are able to do health care through the intranet, digital. and i know that sounds very 21st—ce ntu ry digital. and i know that sounds very 21st—century but we are in the 21st century. so there is a lot can be done there. education, oxford and cambridge, i went to cambridge king's college, they can sell their courses in the us. and harford can sell their courses in britain. these arejust ripe sell their courses in britain. these are just ripe and ready to be done
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and that is the kind of thing that a meaningful us uk trade deal could deal with and uk could still have all its merchandise relations with europe. so i think it is possible, but as i said at the beginning, but is not what seems to excite president trump. fascinating to talk to you, thank you for your time today. a police watchdog says a ‘crisis' in mental health services is putting an ‘intolerable burden' on police in england and wales. the inspectorate of constabulary claims officers are being forced to respond to tens of thousands of incidents every year — which should be handled by mental health specialists. our home affairs correspondent danny shaw reports. he was a talented musician, but for many years sean rigg
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suffered from severe mental health problems, paranoid schizophrenia. in august 2008, he was arrested and restrained by police after reports he'd attacked people. the 40—year—old was taken to a police station, but he collapsed and died in hospital. an inquestjury said police had used an unnecessary and unsuitable level of force. what you need is care. when somebody is being restrained, somebody is vulnerable, the excessive force that's being used, that shouldn't happen. we are where we are, police are involved in this. the watchdog that monitors police in england and wales says they should be far less involved in cases like this. in a report it says officers are picking up the pieces because the mental health system is broken. the report says when mental health patients need help, 50% of the trips to hospital or a safe place are made by police, not ambulance. it takes about three hours for police to deal with someone who is mentally unwell. in london, five people with mental
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health problems called police 8600 times last year, more than anyone else. the police are called to step in out of hours when other services go home, so we see the volume of calls to police peaking at around four or five o'clock in the evening weekdays when other practitioners are going home. and we see that as other mental health services pushing the risk and demand on to the police just because they are a 24/7 service. police leaders have welcomed the inspection report. they say the health service must stop passing the buck. this report must now put a full stop to everything that we've said before. there is a crisis, it needs to be dealt with and there needs to be some action. so i completely support what's being said. the government says it's planning to spend an extra £2 billion a year on mental health services in england and has already reduced the use of police custody for those in need. danny shaw, bbc news. a un report has warned that efforts
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to prevent global temperatures rising beyond dangerous thresholds will fail — unless countries radically change their energy policies. the study says there must be a three—fold increase in cuts to greenhouses gases in order to keep temperature rises to two celsius above pre—industrial levels, the limit agreed under the paris climate deal. the report says that reaching the 2 degree celsius target is now extremely unlikely unless nations triple their efforts to reduce emissions. global emissions have reached historic levels — and without action we will see a three degree temperature rise by the end of the century. at the moment, only 57 countries are on track to reach their emissions goal by the year 2030 — and those countries only represent sixty percent of global emissions. john christensen is one of the lead authors of the report and a climate scientist with the un environment programme's denmark
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technical university. thank you for coming in. if people look at this and wonder which countries are simply not pulling their weight and doing what they need to do, can we identify those countries clearly? yes, i think it is possible. we do not really name and shame countries because they are our clients in the long run but if you look at the report you can see some countries are on track to meeting the targets they put forward in paris but then is that because the targets where a little bit lenient orjust because there are ambitious in terms of action. i think it is a mixture of the two. when you look at the g20, the other ones that really matter on the emission side and of that group i think only three or four you can say
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are looking to overachieve and a couple of those because the targets we re couple of those because the targets were set low. but a couple of others like india, that is moving quite fast compared to the target they set themselves of the time put up a few other countries are also moving rapidly. but they set ambitious targets for themselves in paris. then the other question is what we promised each other in paris, is that enough and the report looks if eve ryo ne that enough and the report looks if everyone that there promises would that be enough to counter these temperature rises. and the argument is basically we need to triple our ambitionsjust is basically we need to triple our ambitions just to stay at 2 degrees. so the climate meeting next week, it will be a political dialogue about ambition and it is really key that they find a way to collectively lift they find a way to collectively lift the ambition. because we're talking about something basically equivalent
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to the total emissions that china will have about time. and i do not think it is realistic that that will be achieved straightaway. so it needs to be covered worldwide to achieve the targets necessary to stay within the degrees that we hoped for. you mention china and last week we reported on coal burning power stations that they are engaged in building and one being built by the chinese in serbia. so clearly there is a lot of work being done which really is undermining the kind of goals that were talking about in the report. i think that is happening in principle all the time but of course we just need to see trends in increasing numbers with countries going downwards. i do not think that coal is going to disappear right away. we looked at how much is being planned and how much is in the pipeline and how much
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we can tolerate. there needs to be a change, clearly. we had a big finance meeting with around a thousand finance companies talking about climate finance and phasing out finance in sectors like coal. but that requires a huge transition. we looked at the indian coal industry last year and around a million people work in the coal mines and the industry in general. it is the second largest employer in india so we need an organised transition otherwise if you cannot offer alternatives it will be hard to make that transition. so it is also about a different development path. i should mention because you have this un climate conference coming up in i think poland in early december full stop what is that men to achieve, is itjust to take stock or is it meant to announce further
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progress or at least further goals being accepted by some of the countries who need to do that?” think mainly it will, it has a political dialogue process that has been running throughout the year and will culminate there on how to build ambition. there is a request for countries to revisit their commitments. and you need to prepare the process for higher ambitions. that is one part. the other is something called the rule book of the underlying structure for the future. how often do we ramp up the ambitions and how often we report on achievements. bread and butter stuff but very important for the implementation of the agreement. thank you so much for coming in. thank you so much for coming in. thank you so much for coming in. thank you for the opportunity. one of the lead authors there of that
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report on climate change. a health think—tank says thousands of cancer patients are dying unnecessarily each year. a study by the health foundation found that england had failed to close the gap with countries that perform better, such as canada. our health correspondent, nick triggle, reports. over the last 20 years, there have been four national cancer strategies. each has promised the best care for england. but the health foundation said, while there had been progress, the nhs was still lagging behind. its analysis shows that only on breast cancer have the health service managed to actually close the gap with the best performing systems. the report warns the lack of progress is costing lives. each year, 135,000 people die from cancer. but 10,000 of those could be prevented if care was as good as in other nations. the key problem is one of late diagnosis. people who are diagnosed late have a much less good chance
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of surviving five years than those who were diagnosed early. and so we have got to make it easier for patients to access their gp, for gps to investigate and refer on and for diagnostic services to be there so that people can be diagnosed in a rapid way. the think tank wants to see better access to tests and scans to speed up diagnosis, but it said services were being undermined by a lack of staff and equipment, which is delaying how quickly patients are seen. the government has already said it aims to tackle this. last month, the prime minister promised the number of cancers being diagnosed early would increase from one in two to three in four over the next ten years, thanks to the extra funding being provided to the health service. the department of health and social care said more details would be unveiled in the long—term plan for the nhs, which is expected to be published soon. nick triggle, bbc news. tributes have been paid
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to the veteran conservative peer lady trumpington, one of the great characters in the house of lords, who has died at the age of 96. she worked as a code breaker during the second world war, and spent nearly four decades in the upper house. colleagues describe her as ‘one of a kind' and an ‘utterjoy‘. our parliamentary correspondent sean curran looks back at her life. a pillar of the establishment with a rebellious streak, jean barker, better known as lady trumpington, packed a lot into a long life. she was a land girl on lloyd george's farm. and a code—breaker at bletchley park. churchill visited us. he said, "you are the birds that laid the golden eggs but never cackled." and that was the important thing, was that we never talked. she was appointed to the house of lords in 1980 and served as a minister under bothjohn major
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and margaret thatcher. we were really good friends, but if i didn't agree with her about something, i said so. and that was very good for her because it gave her a chance to know what the opposition might say to her. in 2011, she famously gave a two—fingered salute to a colleague who had referred to her age during a debate. her v—sign lead to more on—screen opportunities, including an appearance on have i got news for you. i would like to know why, at the age of 90, i've had to sign a piece of paper in order to be on the show to say i wasn't pregnant. laughter. the prime minister led tributes from the current generation of politicians. theresa may said she
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was a formidable figure whose kindness and humour would be sorely missed. the chair of the foreign affa i rs missed. the chair of the foreign affairs committee recalled meeting her and raised her amazing life of service and the conservative mp tracey crouch called her mischievous, charming and to intelligent and warned those of the pearly gates that they had no idea what was about to them. — about to hit them. in 2014, she published her bestselling memoirs, coming up trumps, although she told one interviewer she had neither written nor read the book. lady trumpington, who's died aged 96. bbc news at six is coming up injust a few minutes. time for a look at the weather. here's chris fawkes with the forecast. this is the last of the chilly days, the weather turns milder to the afternoon across parts
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of wales in southwest england behind his band of rain that continues to edge its way the sea is getting quite rough at the next weather system is moving in towards the uk and bringing in the next wet and windy weather across all parts of the country. so at the moment we have this band of rain moving in and behind that we have milderaircoming in. the moving in and behind that we have milder air coming in. the gap between these weather fronts, we could see some patches of hillborg developing for a time. then the next area of rain comes in along with the strengthening wind. temperatures not as low as they have been recently, typically down to around six or seven degrees overnight. tomorrow this is the area of low pressure and tightly squeezed isobars and quickly
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the wind gusting up to 70 miles an hour around western coasts and hills in the morning. we could have some transport disruption. heavy rain is moving into northern ireland and scotland. the wind arriving a bit later in the day and we could get gusts of up to 70 miles an hour. some localised flooding issues possible. and for the northern isles, some showers but really not until wednesday night and we have that strongest winds with around 75 miles an hour gusts. the wind will be dragging in some mild airfor the time of year. on thursday we have low pressure out to the west in the uk. again bringing in more rain. still some uncertainty about how strongest low—pressure area is but the worst case is it could bring
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gusts of up to 80 miles an hour around some western coasts and hills. but it will be a windy day nationwide with the rain easing into showers with the temperatures still mild with highs of around 12 degrees. for friday and into the weekend we keep that mild weather for most of the uk. but as you can see there will be quite a few days where we see rain at times and some of that quite heavy as well. not quite so mild and scotland, temperatures back closer to normal or even a touch cooler for a time into the weekend. that is your latest weather. 18 migrants are stopped as they try to reach the english coast by boat — amid a surge in the numbers trying to cross the channel. more than 100 migrants have made journey in small boats from france to kent in the past three weeks alone. they're being taken by smugglers — some are stealing boats and charging the migrants thousands. transaltion: a boat, it will cost you £3,000—4,000.
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i'm taking three people with me. they're paying cash. we get the boat and off we go. french police say they've seen far more people risking their lives since they first found boats trying to cross two years ago. we'll have the latest from dover. also tonight. the driver who crashed into a supermarket killing two people — a bus company is fined more than two million pounds after ignoring warnings about him. the prime minister begins selling her brexit deal to the public as she makes flying visits to wales
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