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tv   BBC News  BBC News  December 16, 2018 4:00am-4:31am GMT

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hello and welcome to bbc news. i'm reged ahmad. after two weeks of talks and two years of work, consensus was finally reached late on saturday evening, on international rules to tackle climate change. nearly 200 countries overcame political divisions, to support the implementation of the 2015 paris agreement. that aimed to limit a rise in average global temperatures to well below two degrees celsius, above pre—industrial levels. here's our science editor, david shukman. this is what it's all about. gases released into the air that heat the planet. and after some long, difficult arguments, the world has inched towards a deal for how to reduce them. to try to avoid the risks of dangerous levels of warming in future. the talks at katowice in poland saw delegates from nearly 200 countries haggling over rules for how to tackle climate change. a slow process, but eventually a deal was done. it will move us one step closer to the ambition enshrined
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in the paris agreement, an ambition that makes sure our children and their children look back on our legacy and recognise that their parents and grandparents took the right decisions. he was urged to take a bow. but there are questions about what has actually been achieved. the big challenge is that many countries, including poland, rely on highly polluting fuels like coal. thousands ofjobs depend on them. some campaigners say a few governments drag their feet. but others are pleased to have got this far. we have seen countries come together. they have responded to the science. they haven't done enough but they have done what's possible here. they have lent in, they have agreed some rules and they have set themselves a job to go home and do more and work out what they're going to do — engaging with their citizens, their businesses, their investors, to say, how can we take more climate action?
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the hope is for a transition to cleaner forms of energy, like solar power. the deal in poland may encourage that. the world is responding to the threat of global warming but not nearly with the speed that scientists say is needed. david shukman, bbc news. there have been clashes in paris between police and the yellow vest protestors, during a fifth weekend of anti—government demonstrations. in total, 66,000 protesters were on the streets across france. that number is significantly lower than before. earlier this week, president macron announced a series of concessions, to try to defuse the crisis. lucy williamson reports from paris. the tactics were the same as always but the tension here has waned. the number of protesters in paris today less than half of that of last weekend. there are far fewer people gathering here in paris today but there are still a few confrontations between protesters and police, like here on the champs—elysees.
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i think the security forces will be hoping this is the last final stand of the hard—core. this was a test of whether president macron‘s concessions this week have worked. ten billion euros to help those on the lowest incomes. not enough for some. translation: the president is offering us peanuts. we are not monkeys he can throw nuts at. we're human beings. the violence of previous demonstrations in paris along with the government's concessions and the impact of a terrorist attack in strasbourg this week have all helped dissuade protesters. but protest sites around the country are settling in for christmas and it is notjust the troublemakers left behind. at la ciotat tollgate 45 minutes outside marseille, the demands are no longerjust economic — they are also about democracy and access to power. translation: we want a second french revolution. we are going to show all of europe that the people do have power.
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president macron says long—term solutions to this crisis lie at the local level and that he wants to meet mayors, region by region, to hear their concerns. translation: president macron has ignored us from the moment he came to power. and now all of a sudden he wants us to come to his rescue. can i be honest with you? the idea of a national consultation is absolute rubbish. everything will carry onjust like before. the clashes here seem to be losing some momentum, but the frustration that sparked them hasn't been resolved. there's a part of france that feels precarious and invisible. for the past few weeks it was visible to all. lucy williamson, bbc news, paris. the work and pensions secretary, amber rudd, has appealed to mps across the political divide
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to forge a consensus over brexit, acknowledging that the prime minister's deal for leaving the european union, might not be approved by parliament. her comments follow another difficult eu summit for theresa may, in which she failed to win concessions, that might have made her withdrawal deal acceptable to mps. here's our political correspondent, chris mason. parliament stares at gridlock. cobbling together a majority to endorse anything looks incredibly difficult, and downing street has studiously avoided any public discussion of a plan b, what happens if, when, the prime minister's plan is rejected. but writing in the daily mail, amber rudd says that brexit is in danger of getting stuck, and while supporting theresa may's deal, advocates assembling a coalition, potentially reaching out to opposition parties, to avoid what she calls the rocks of no deal. amber rudd proposes in her article a series of commons votes to test
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support for a range of possible outcomes but one conservative brexiteer mp told me you had to be on a mood altering substance to believe persuading labour mps was a viable way forward. and even within theresa may's cabinet there's differing views about what plan b should or should not look like. and others are making the case for plan a still, albeit plan a with tweaks not yet secured. it's very tempting after a week like we've had, which has not been a good week, to try and reach for other radical solutions. i still think if you look at all of this, when the dust is settled, the only way that we're going to get through the house of commons and to give the british people the brexit that they voted for, is to have a version of the deal that the government has negotiated. 0ne former minister who resigned last month to call for another referendum says the government
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should get a move on and let mps have their say. i've got absolutely no doubt that if the vote is deferred again when we come back on monday, that very serious conversations will be had by members of the cabinet and members of parliament asking, well, what is the strategy? it's simply unacceptable to run out the clock and face the country with the prospect of being timed out. the country has arrived at a moment of extraordinary jeopardy, with no—one in sole control of events and no—one who knows precisely what will happen next. chris mason, bbc news. a boat carrying suspected migrants has been picked up off the coast of dover by the border force. in the last three months, more than 100 migrants are known to have attempted crossing the english channel, the world's busiest shipping lane. several thousand people have taken to the streets of rome to protest against racism, and oppose the government's tough new anti—migrant law. the bill, passed last month, makes it easier to expel migrants
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and limits residency permits. italy has become the main entry—point for migrants crossing the mediterranean to europe. caroline rigby reports. singing. at times, it seemed more like a carnival than a protest. thousands marched through rome to the soundtrack of bob marley, drawing on the singer's lyrics to make their point. they called for unity and an end to racism. translation: we cannot accept indifference. we remind the government that giving dignity and rights to the invisible people means building italy's future. chanting. italy has seen a surge in racist attacks since the far right league and anti—establishment five star movement took office in april. since the election, interior minister matteo salvini's league party has increased in popularity. but some argue his tough stance on immigration
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has also fuelled a climate of anti—migra nt hostility. translation: these latest policy changes in italy generate more discrimination, distress and difficulties. while we believe we can co—exist with all those who want a better life, a better world, whatever their colour or origin. translation: we didn't come here just to walk around, but because we have rage within us, rage for socialjustice, thirst for socialjustice. that is why we are in rome — to say no to these racist policies. in recent weeks, italy passed a new law making it easier to deport migrants and strip them of italian citizenship. legislation the united nations refugee agency warns does not provide adequate guarantees, particularly when it comes to vulnerable people.
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chanting. this weekend in rome, protesters called for solidarity with refugees. some even demanded mr salvini's resignation. but in a country which has become the main gateway for migrants crossing the mediterranean, with more than 20,000 arriving this year alone, it's clear the italian people remain split over how to deal with the issue. caroline rigby, bbc news. brazil has recently suffered the worst economic recession in its history. more than 12 million brazilians are out of work, and nearly 27% live below the poverty line. in this economy, millions try to make a living in the informal sector. and in one particular area they are getting help from social media, as gail maclellan reports. is one to be getting scarcer in
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brazil but rubbish certainly isn't. mountains of garbage provide opportunities to collect recyclable materials and sell them on. collectors gather the rubbish and ta ke collectors gather the rubbish and take it to recycling plant where they are paid by the killer. now, a new website aims to make their rounds more assisted. a register collector ca n rounds more assisted. a register collector can come to homes and businesses to pick up trash or recycla bles. businesses to pick up trash or recyclables. translation: that they are registered collectors in 191 brazilian cities. the work for collectors were getting calls from people who want to recycle every day. the website says that the collectors are paid an average of 5 cents per kilo a plastic or cardboard they collect and 1 cent per kilo for glass. there are also
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removals per kilo for glass. there are also re m ova ls of per kilo for glass. there are also removals of larger items. transaction mac before i almost never got calls to pick up recycled rubbish but since the app people have started calling me to pick them up. it is estimated that over 40% of workers like chess collectors are employed. it has spread through much of brazil. the designers hope it will help the informal trash collectors to a extra cash and, at the same time, increase the rate of recycling in brazil. thirty—eight same—sex couples have been married in a group ceremony in the brazilian city, sao paulo. the ceremony is part of a project to enable as many gay couples to get married before january when president—elect, jair bolsonaro, comes into power.
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mr bolsonaro has publically positioned himself against homosexuals and there are fears that gay marriage could be re—criminalised after only being made legal in 2013. this is bbc news. the latest headlines: representatives from over 200 countries at the un climate conference in poland agree on a plan to implement the paris climate accord. but some have criticised the deal for falling short of what's needed. scuffles on the streets of paris and other french cities, as yellow vest protesters take to the streets for the fifth saturday in a row. well more on that now, the bbc‘s 0lga ivshina was reporting in paris when she was caught up in the middle of a scuffle between the police and the protestors. protests in paris go violent again. you see there stun grenades, gas, tear gas.
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police tried to disperse the protesters. but they have come again and again. there is a stand—off. an ongoing crisis in the centre. but this time it seems it's really violent. coughing. and now it seems there is an ongoing stand—off. the bbc‘s 0lga ivshina reporting from paris. ukraine's president has hailed the creation of an independent 0rthodox church as the final step in independence from russia. after decades of negotiations, an historic council of 0rthodox bishops in kiev has created a new ukrainian church. the russian orthodox church dismissed the bishops council as illegitimate and says the move means ‘absolutely nothing.‘ jonah fisher reports. this is a religious story,
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but with ukraine and russia, politics is never far away. for ukraine's president, petro poroshenko, this was a chance to notch up a much—needed win over the country's much larger and more powerful neighbour. to break away from the control of the russian orthodox church and, 27 years after independence, give ukraine its own internationally recognised church. for that to happen, the two branches of ukrainian orthodoxy had to unite. and with the faithful waiting outside in the cold, they did just that, electing a new leader for a new unified church. this is him — metropolitan epifaniy. accompanied, of course, by a jubilant president poroshenko. translation: what is this new church? it is a church without putin. what is this church?
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it is a church without kirill. what is this church? it is a church without a prayer for the russian authorities and russian troops. because russian authorities and russian troops are killing ukrainians. but this church is with god and with ukraine. one of the most thorny issues lying ahead will be the fates of the many parishes and monasteries that the russian orthodox church still controls in ukraine. there are plenty of people who think they should now be handed over to the new ukrainian church. russia has already made its displeasure clear and has cut its ties with the ecumenical patriarch, the head of the global orthodox church in constantinople. jonah fisher, bbc news, kiev. archaeologists in egypt have made an exciting tomb discovery, the final resting place of a high priest, untouched for 4,400 years. it's located in the sak—ahra pyramid complex just south of cairo. experts are calling it ‘one of a kind'.
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nick marsh has more. in a year of landmark discoveries, egyptian archaeologists have one last trick up their sleeve, and it was this private tomb buried beneath the sand, untouched and unlooted for almost 11.5 millennia. we found two levels, like this. the upper level, we found 18 niches with 2a statues. in the lower level, we found 26 niches with 31 statues. excavators say the tomb belonged to a high priest who served during the 5th dynasty rein of king neferirkare. what makes it unique are the tombs excellently preserved statues of pharaohs and these near—flawless coloured hieroglyphics on the walls. the saqqara acropolis, in which the tomb was found, is also home to egypt's famous djoser, or step pyramid, and it was there in november where archaeologists found
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these mummified bodies dating back 6,000 years, and these perfectly preserved cats and scarab beetles. it's part of a series of discoveries that egypt's ministerfor antiquities hopes will entice visitors once more to his country after the slump in tourism that followed the 2011 political uprising. translation: today we're announcing the last discovery of 2018. it's a new discovery, a private tomb that is exceptionally well—preserved, coloured and with sculptures inside. this is the shaft and we can see the remains of the... we are told that there will be more to come in the new year as excavators hope that one of these shafts in the tomb might contain the ancient priest's sarcophagus. what has been found, though, are scribbled tributes around the tomb to a different kind of mummy — the priest's mother. nick marsh, bbc news. now, the winner of strictly come dancing has been decided, so tune away if you're
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planning to catch up later. this year the glitter ball trophy went to bbc documentary presenter stacey dooley and her professional partner kevin clifton. here's a little look at how the evening went. clapping.
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the votes have been counted and independently verified. i can now confirm that the strictly come dancing champions are... stacey and kevin! cheering. congratulations to them. entertainment journalist emma bullimore explained why stacey was such a popular winner. stacey, she had the classic strictly journey. she blossomed, she got better,
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she had an amazing time. you know, i think a lot of people were very happy that she won this evening. she blossomed into this dancer. and she had kevin with her who is one of the most popular pros. four times in the final before tonight, so it really was his chance also to win the glitterball. the start of the series there was a lot of talk about the lineup not being glitzy enough, there weren't enough a—listers or "who are these people?" but it does not matter, once you get into it, it doesn't really matter who's in the show. that format, thosejudges, that ballroom — it is such a special show, really, such a feel—good place, away from any politics or any nonsense like that, so it was a great series for me. loads of highlights, loads of amazing dancers, they brought in this couple's choice category what was really bounce so you has some theatre dances and street dances and contemporary routines as well, it mixed it up a little bit but it was still classic strictly and i thought it was a great series. no doubt you've heard of football — and no doubt you've also heard of golf. but what happens when you merge the two sports together? you get footgolf.
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the world championships have been taking place this weekend in morocco, and a familiar name is enjoying success, as the bbc‘s tim allman explains. it's already been quite a year for french sport. in moscow this summer, the country celebrated winning the football world cup. now, hopes of similar success in the footgolf equivalent. victory over the united states in the semifinals setting up a showdown with the old enemy from across the channel. but, firstly, what are the rules of footgolf? well, find yourself a suitable golf course, although the holes are usually a bit shorter. then, of course, you need a football, which you proceed to kick around the course.
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the aim — to put the ball in a so—called cup. as in golf, the fewer hits, the better. back in morocco, and a tense final match between france and the uk. cheering. ultimately, superior goal difference leading to glory. we really wanted to win against uk and that is it, we are on top of the world and we just want to make the fiesta! cheering. so, the team event was won by france, but sunday will see the individual honours handed out as players sink putts or score goals — you decide. tim allman, bbc news. just before we go i want to share these pictures of the meatier shower that has been spotted by stargazing
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enthusiasts from around the world. it was captured in north—east china on friday. the meteors are pieces of rocky debris from this —— and extinct, it races around the solar system. when they hit the earth ‘s atmosphere and you can see, you get streets of light. they originate from a rocky asteroid and appear every year in december. you can reach me on twitter. i'm @regedahmadbbc. now the weather with darren betts. hello there. good morning. the weather for sunday looks very different to saturday. things are improving now. we had everything really on the picture on saturday, including some freezing rain, which is rare in the uk, but also very dangerous. the worst is now over. for a short while, we've got this amber snow warning from the met office for scotland, north of the central belt. but even after the early hours, towards the end of the night, even here, the snow should tend to ease off. the main belt of cloud that brought that mixture of rain, snow and freezing rain, sweeping out into the north sea. that curl of cloud behind bringing some wet weather for a while in northern england,
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pushing into scotland, increasingly snow up over the hills as the storm moves away, leaving us with more of a south—westerly airflow. and these are the temperatures we're looking at at the end of the night. a little bit milder, still some icy patches for northern england and particularly in scotland, where there will be some further wintry showers around, but the winds will be lighter by this stage. we will see those showers in scotland becoming fewer, more sunshine arriving with sunny spells for northern ireland, and the morning should be dry and sunny for most of england and wales. but we'll see this showery rain gathering across western parts of england and wales, moving through the english channel. some heavy bursts of rain in the afternoon, but it will be a better day on the whole. lighter winds, much milder air across the uk as well. really cold air is still across scandinavia and across the north—east of europe. but increasingly, we're getting south—westerly winds. so, atlantic winds, drags in milderair, unsettled, changeable weather, yes, but on monday, we're in between two weather fronts, so most places will have a dry day, with some morning mist and fog,
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i think, for scotland, after that earlier snow. plenty of sunshine elsewhere. we'll see the wind picking up. it will introduce a few showers into western areas, ahead of the main rain band, which isjust holding off to the north—west even by the end of the day. but it's the southerly winds, south—westerly winds, so mild, even some double—figure temperatures for belfast and the central belt of scotland. the main driver of the weather is going to be that area of low pressure, which pushes ahead this weather front here. but it is moving very erratically eastwards, there's waves on it, that means there's pulses of heavy rain and with some snow melt, and some heavy rain likely to be some flooding. how quickly east it moves across that's open to doubt. we may see the weather improving in northern ireland. double—figure temperatures everywhere on tuesday. whilst that rain moves away overnight, we're then back into sunshine and showers through wednesday and possibly into thursday, but we've still got the winds from the south—west, so for all of us, it should be a bit milder. this is bbc news.
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the headlines: delegates at a un climate change summit in poland have reached agreement over how to implement the paris accord. talks had continued for an extra day, but some critics say the deal doesn't put enough pressure on countries to cut their emmissions to resolve lingering issues. there have been clashes in paris between police and the yellow vest protestors, during a fifth weekend of anti—government demonstrations across france. the total police estimate of 66,000 is significantly lower than before. earlier this week, president macron announced a series of concessions, to try to defuse the crisis. ukraine's president has hailed the creation of an independent 0rthodox church as the final step in independence from russia. after decades of negotiations, an historic council of 0rthodox bishops in kiev has created a new ukrainian church. the russian orthodox church dismissed the bishops council as illegitimate. now on bbc news, click.
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