this is bbc news. i'm ben bland. our top stories: urgently searching for survivors of the indonesians in army. dashmac indonesian tsunami. at least 220 people are now known to have died. these cars were parked on the other side of the road and have been pushed on top of each other, on top of what was a holiday villa. pushed before hejumped — president trump forces out his defence chief two months ahead of his expected resignation. meanwhile, president macron of france says he deeply regrets president trump's decision to pull american troops out of syria. and we have a special report from uzbekistan, where a new president wants to put his country on the global tourist trail. hello, and welcome to bbc news.
indonesia is braced for the possibility of a further tsunami after a wave triggered by an erupting volcano killed more than 200 people and injured nearly nine hundred others. thousands of people who live on the islands of java and sumatra have been forced to evacuate to higher ground as the tsunami hit coastal areas. the volcano, anak krakatau, has been continuing to erupt today. 0ur indonesia correspondent rebecca henschke reports. a popular local tourist destination, now a disaster zone. the only road in, cleared to allow aid supplies to get through. people here now trying to piece together their lives. a work party to celebrate the end of the year. 0nstage, the stars of the night, a local rock group in full swing. the next second, a wave
engulfed the stage. the lead singer confirmed that four bandmembers had died and that his wife is still missing. this coastline where the band were playing is now littered with trouble. rani says she doesn't know how they will rebuild. translation: we were all set up for christmas and new year holiday period. but it's been destroyed by the waves and the rest has been stolen. what am i going to do? families here say they had no warning and there was confusing information coming out from the government. translation: what was the government doing? at first they said there hadn't been a tsunami last night.
they took ages to act. these waves were devastating. it was clearly a tsunami. over here, an image that gives you a sense of the power of the waves. these cars i'm told were parked on the other side of the road, and they've been pushed into each other on top of what was holiday villa, full at this time of year. here at this local clinic, desperate families are looking for their relatives. the injured are still arriving. and the death toll is still rising. translation: the victims were local people who owned shops and stalls here. but there were many visitors, too. we're trying to open the access road. last night a lot of debris had been dragged in and had clogged the road.
officials believe underwater landslides caused by eruptions at the nearby anak krakatau volcano may have triggered the huge waves. it's still active. authorities are warning that there could be another tsunami, and telling people to stay away from the beaches. we will be hearing from rebecca a little later, but before that i am joined by jan gelfand. he's head of the office for indonesia at the international federation of red cross and red crescent societies. how are relief efforts going on the ground? the sun came up a couple of hours ago, so ground? the sun came up a couple of hours ago, so rescue teams ground? the sun came up a couple of hours ago, so rescue teams will be back out. the indonesian red cross has sent helicopters out to do
aerial assessments. as you can imagine, it is notjust the mainland that was attacked. there are a number of islands in the area we need to get access to. i would like to ta ke need to get access to. i would like to take the opportunity to send our heart health feelings to all of the people who were affected. this has been a terrible year for indonesians, this is the 3rd major natural disaster after earthquakes in lombok and palu. what is happening to those who have been evacuated from their homes? well, the media focus right now, it is still about search and rescue, we are trying to provide services to people in the communities defined as many people hopefully alive as possible. people who have evacuated, their immediate needs health care, food, ist aid. we, the indonesian red cross, with support from the international federation and other societies, we have sent 14 water trucks to make sure people have
water. 22 ambulances, would health clinic personnel, because there is also a lot of traumatic injuries and so on also a lot of traumatic injuries and so on to deal with. also, we cannot underestimate the psychosocial impact on people. so we send teams to help people come to terms. from some of the images we are seeing, the devastation is quite severe. that must be making things very difficult for rescuers and those trying to assist on the ground as well? yeah, it is a terrible job. so far the official numbers have stayed at 224 far the official numbers have stayed at 221: that far the official numbers have stayed at 224 that have been killed. we hope that number doesn't go up. people will be searching through the debris as long as they can to try to find people. that is the nature of what people will do. they will be working at this until the last possible moment. and i suppose the other added complication is that
this tsunami, it is thought, was triggered by part of the collapse of pa rt triggered by part of the collapse of part of the volcano. unlike seismic activity and earthquakes, that means it is very hard to anticipate if there will be any further activity? you make a very good point. this is very different from the earthquake and tsunami and liquefaction that happened in central sulawesi a number of months ago. this is very different. it was caused by underwater landslides, that is the indication, from the eruptions of a volcano. so it will not behave the same way it an earthquake would. if there is a positive side, it does mean that within a week it dashmac earthquake you would have other damage. it is easier to focus on your response and relief process, with the activities, because what
has been affected is exactly what you have seen. there is no need to go in behind to see what an earthquake would have impacted. thank you for bringing us up to date. president trump has announced that the us deputy secretary of defence, patrick shanahan, will replace his former boss, jim mattis, onjanuary ist. general mattis resigned last week after mr trump announced plans to withdraw us troops from syria, but had said he would stay in office until february. chris buckler in washington gave me his take on the appointment. patrick sha na han is patrick shanahan is a former bowling businessman. —— boeing. he has a very different background to general james mattis, who was a general in the us marine corps, and was called mad dog mattis at one stage. so it will be a very different person who ta kes will be a very different person who takes up this acting post, and the president has not said how long he will be acting in that role for. but we believe there will be some
continuity, because he was working below continuity, because he was working beloinm mattis. you get the sense that president trump wants to appoint somebody who, first of all, he believes in, but secondly, will listen to him on key issues. it is clear that the president is following this isolationist policies as opposed to some of the thingsjim mattis was very clear about in his resignation letter. for example, jim mattis is concerned allies are not being kept on board, relationships are not being maintained in the way they should eat. he believes very strongly, but frankly there should bea strongly, but frankly there should be a global approach to tackling these issues, something he shared with brett mcgurk, who was the us special envoy to the global coalition to fight islamic state, who has also put forward his resignation, again criticising donald trump in saying that he does not believe in the policies president trump is pushing. —— and the same. at the moment we do not get the sense from the white house that they are prepared to back down on that sudden, surprising announcement from donald trump that he is going to pull us troops out of syria. there is concern in
washington, and that includes among very senior republicans in congress. chris buckler in washington. president macron of france has said he regrets mr trump's decision to pull us troops out of syria, saying that an ally should be dependable. he's reported to have called mr trump last week warning him against the decision. with more on that and the mobilisation of turkish forces towards the syrian border, here's david campa nale. heightened turkish military activity close to their border with syria. according to local media, turkey has sent tanks, howitzers, machine—guns and buses carrying commandos to reinforce its border posts. while other vehicles have crossed into syria itself. these are the american allies controlling one third of syria that turkey's president has threatened to annihilate. an alliance of kurds, syrian christians and local arab tribesmen known as the sdf, who have been at the
frontline of a war against islamic state. the kurdish element of the syrian democracy forces, the ypg, are seen as syrian democracy forces, the ypg, are seen as terrorists by president erdogan. several days ago he announced the postponement of a turkish attack on them, for the moment. the focus of a fresh phone conversation, according to president trump, with his turkish counterpart, has been on how the continued campaign against is is to be toward mated. and a tweet made clear american forces are only going to be slowly sent home. but the political and diplomatic fallout of the surprise announcement about the us withdrawal and general matters' resignation is continuing. —— general mattis'. speaking to troops in chad, france's residents said now i should be trustworthy and that he deeply regretted president trump's decision. —— france's president said. translation: we must not forget that and the beginning of our involvement in the levant, the
international coalition, including the us, which is the main force, carried out operations in syria with one supporter, the sdf. in washington, president trump announced that the us deputy secretary of defence, patrick shanahan, would replace his former boss general mattis on the first of january. not the secretary of defence's preferred departure date, february 28. insiders say that the president was angry at the resignation letter and his rebuke of his foreign policy. but that will remain centrestage. the president's preferred pick for the defence role will hang on the approval of the us senate and senators are already indicating that without clarity on how american interest in the middle east will be protected, that process will not be straightforward. one group directly affected by the decision to withdraw us troops are the kurds who have been fighting so—called islamic state on the front line. salih muslim is from the kurdish democratic union party in northern syria. i asked him to describe how us support has worked so far. well, they were consulting your
people, and training, as advisers on the battlefield. they were not fighting directly, they were in the back lines. so this is what they were doing until now and maybe you can recognise that as there are no casualties at all in the battles. of course we have given thousands of martyrs but no casualties from the international coalition at all. we were in the front lines. what will the effect be of the us troops leaving in that region of syria? well, and the decision by mr trump saying isis was finished, it is not finished. we are talking about maybe 4000
skilled fighters of is in the area and the heavy clashes have been going on for three days. so is is not finished yet, other than the other areas. so what we are afraid of, maybe they will find an opportunity to organise themselves and to be a threat to everybody again, over the world, especially the timing, now turkey is threatened with invasion from the north side. so this makes us worried about that. the timing, the invasion on the turkish side and from the other side, the weakness on the fronts, the fighting areas. we've heard from the french president emmanuel macron that french troops will remain in syria. does that give you some reassurance? 0nly not the french troops,
also, as we are talking about the international coalition against the terrorism. the uk, france and germany and others. they said they were not satisfied with the decision. i hope if they can take the place of the united states but mainly the united states were leading in the coalition so i don't know, really, if they will be helpful or not. let's get some of the day's other news. the us treasury secretary, steven mnuchin, has been in contact with the chief executives of the nation's six largest banks. last week us stocks had one of their worst falls since the financial crisis of 2008. mr mnuchin's talks are part of efforts to calm businesses and investors before trading starts again on monday. the head of a team of united nations observers in yemen, patrick cammaert, has arrived in the red sea
port of hodeidah. he travelled via the capital, sanaa. his monitors have been given the task of administering a ceasefire which came into force last week. stay with us on bbc world news, still to come: announcing the arrival of christmas at prague's main train station. the world of music has been paying tribute to george michael, who's died from suspected heart failure at the age of 53. he sold well over 100 million albums over a career spanning over three decades. the united states troops have been trying to overthrow the dictatorship of general manuel noriega. the pentagon said that it's failed in its principle objective to capture noriega and take him to the united states to face drugs charges. the hammer and sickle was hastily taken away. in its place, the russian flag was hoisted over what is now no longer the soviet union,
but the commonwealth of independent states. day broke slowly over lockerbie, over the cockpit of pan am's maid of the seas nose down in the soft earth. you could see what happens when a plane eight storeys high, a football pitch wide, falls from 30,000 feet. business has returned to albania after a communist ban lasting more than 20 years. thousands went to midnight mass in the town of shkoder where there were anti—communist riots ten days ago. this is bbc news, the latest headlines: rescue workers are still searching for injured survivors of a tsunami which hit indonesia. 222 people are known to have died injava and sumatra but that number is expected to climb. and a little earlier rebecca gave us the latest on the rescue
and relief effort — in the area worst affected by the tsunami. with the government warning that there could be another tsunami, people here are going to bed with a sense of unease. those that can are leaving the area. tourists that flocked here to spend their holiday time on these beautiful beaches are now rushing to leave. others have gone to higher ground, and are sleeping in mosques or at relatives' homes. along this road here, we've watching ambulances come in to help the injured and also to retrieve the dead. this area, these sleepy beached villages, are not prepared for the scale of a disaster like this. but the access to this area is much better than in previous disasters, such as the tsunami that hit sulawesi a few months ago. so, with relative speed, authorities have been able to bring in health workers, emergency
equipment, in order to help people here, with yet another disaster in indonesia. the volcano thought to have caused the tsunami has been more active over the last few months but it's not yet known exactly how it caused the massive wave. 0ur correspondent richard galpin has been exploring the possibilities. last night, after months of activity, came this particularly large eruption from the volcano known as the "child of krakatoa." and just 20 or 30 minutes later, the tsunami hit nearby coastal areas in the sunda strait. it's this violent volcanic activity, not an earthquake, according to experts, which is believed to have triggered the deadly tsunami. it's quite rare, but can happen in several ways. either an underwater part of the volcano breaks away, displacing enough water
to create a huge wave, or a section of the upper half shears off, plunging into the sea and having the same effect. the seismometers, either locally or around the world, have not recorded a large earthquake associated with this event. that's why the eruption of the volcano, and perhaps the movement, the failure of the flanks of the volcano, and the movement of material off the flanks of the volcano seems to be the most likely explanation. the fact hundreds were killed and injured may be down to there being no tremors, which would have alerted people to the danger of being close to the shore before the wave hit them. sitting on the pacific ring of fire, indonesia has a long history of volcanic activity. this volcano emerged
less than 100 years ago, from what was left off the original krakatoa, which blew itself up in one of the biggest eruptions are recorded. and now the child of krakatoa has been showing its potency. there's no sign so far off the eruptions dying down. richard galpin, bbc news. the central asian republic of uzbekistan is frequently criticised by human rights groups for its poor record on abuse. but it wants to change its image and it's using its history as a key point on the trade route once known as the silk road, linking the asia—pacific to europe, as a way of promoting tourism. the bbc has rarely been able to report from the country over the last decade, but the bbc‘s ben tavener and cameraman maxim lomakin have been invited to see how the country is attempting to lure in foreign visitors. an opposition injail. a muzzled press. isolationism. some of the things uzbekistan has long been associated with. but this central asian country, with its rich silk road history, is keen to change that. after decades of dictatorship,
the country's new president is betting on tourism to reinvigorate the country's economy. uzbekistan has a huge unrealised tourism potential. during 2017 you had roughly 3% or 4% of the gdp attributed to tourism. i expect to see a significant increase, starting this year, probably. for most, uzbekistan's ancient silk road cities are the main attraction. when we head across country, every spare inch of land is covered in fields of cotton. we ask to stop and film, but our request falls on deaf ears. human rights activists say over 1 million people on the government payroll were forced to work the fields last year. translation: we still have teachers forced out before school to pick cotton. they use their holidays to do it. and certainly, any weekend during the cotton harvest,
you'll see teachers and doctors out there. nothing has changed. a un agency has since reported progress on forced labour, and the government insists it is tackling the issue. as far as human rights, you can see such a huge push from the government, from the president himself, in order to stop the forced labour. judge not based on the last 20 years, but based on the past one and a half years. uzbekistan undoubtedly has a lot of the elements, the history, the culture, the hospitality, that could make this country a successful international tourism destination. what's less clear is whether some of the larger issues, things like the state of the country's democracy and alleged human rights violations, whether they would make people think twice about coming here. almost any place in the world, you can talk about politics, you can about human rights. so, in my opinion, things like travel can really be a force for good. certainly as more tourists come here, i hope that uzbekistan will continue to open up. uzbekistan is at a
crossroads in many ways. the steps being taken to ready the country for mass tourism are plain to see. but is the country as determined to follow through on pledges to improve on human rights, or are these promises just for show? billionaire elon musk‘s space—x company has launched a falcon 9 rocket into orbit. commission, g. —— mission, lift off. the craft took up a new ultra—precise navigation satellite for the us air force which could eventually improve domestcially—used gps systems too. the global positioning system iii, nicknamed vespucci, lifted off from cape canaveral in florida. let's end by hearing a bit of the czech christmas mass being played at prague's main railway station. it's a christmas tradition thats now in its 18th year. professional musicians are joined
by amateurs to make up the orchestra and choir whilst hundreds stand on the concourse to listen. the event organiser conducts the whole ensemble from the top of a stepladder. let's listen to some of the music. (singing and music) don't forget you can get in touch with me and some of the team on twitter — i'm @benmbland. good morning. as we had properly
into chris schmidt week, there may be no snow but at least there is no real severe weather. —— properly into christmas week. there could be some frost by night but the big worry for those travelling, especially england and wales, later on, there could be some lingering dense fog patches. and under a blossoming area of high pressure, corvette —— there could be some more fog. there is a weather front which could bring outbreaks of rain on christmas eve. a mild start here with temperatures 10—12 foot of further north and east, chile one. widespread frost. to which is lowest in scotland. could the ice around where damp —— ground is damp. around glasgow, northern ireland, north—east wales and the midlands, it could cause trouble issues
through the morning rush. most will have sunshine and patchy rain and drizzle becoming light. still mild here but a cooler day for many. a bit of lingering fog into the afternoon for parts of wales in the west midlands but the best of sunshine the north you go even if temperatures are on the struggle. into the evening, as soon as the sun is set, here is where we could see dense fog, in the north. it will ta ke dense fog, in the north. it will take us into the latter stage of christmas eve and the start of christmas eve and the start of christmas day. blue colours show lots of frost for scotland and england but it is away in the west as mild air pushes up from the south throughout. that could come with a bit of drizzle across western areas for christmas day. christmas day forecast itself is a largely dry one. a bit of frost around in the morning especially because scotland and eastern england and they will be some fog patches in central eastern england. it could lingerfor some all day long. elsewhere, sunshine will break through what cloud we have. in the west, cloud thickest.
even the odd bright spell possible here too. temperatures in the west around christmas day, alison 12. single figures across most of scotla nd single figures across most of scotland and eastern england in particular. mild air in the west will push eastward as we go into boxing day as a high—pressure drifts southwards. notice the weather fronts clipping across the northern half of scotland will produce rain or drizzle for boxing day full stop the odd heavy burst in the highlands and hebrides. we'll be lingering fog across parts of the midlands and eastern england. clearer skies into the south later on and temperature is for all, up a little bit relative to christmas day at the dry weather continues into thursday. that's how with looking. the urangan soon. ash see you —— ceu —— see you again soon. this is bbc news, the headlines:
rescuers in indonesia are still searching for people trapped and injured by a tsunami which has killed more than 200 people. heavy lifting equipment is being moved to badly—hit areas. president trump has announced that the us deputy secretary of defence, patrick shanahan, will replace his former boss, jim mattis, onjanuary 1. general mattis resigned last week over mr trump's plans to withdraw us troops from syria. the french president, emmanuel macron, has criticised mr trump's decision to pull out us troops, saying an ally should be dependable. speaking after visiting european troops in chad, mr macron said he deeply regretted the move. two people arrested in connection with flying drones at gatwick airport in the uk have been