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tv   BBC News at One  BBC News  April 8, 2019 1:00pm-1:31pm BST

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internet sites carrying harmful content could be blocked orfined, under new government plans. images of child abuse and terrorist propaganda are among the content that could see companies punished. too many social media firms still seem to think that they can get away with providing the service without providing the protection for users. but critics say the proposals could threaten free speech, we'll bring you all the details. also this lunchtime — theresa may will go to berlin and paris tomorrow to hold talks on brexit — a deal with labour remains work in progress. a new pollution charge begins in london, with drivers of older, dirtier vehicles paying more. a british woman faces jail in dubai, for a facebook post calling her ex—husband an idiot, and his new wife a horse. and we'll be live in india where people are preparing to vote
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in the biggest democratic election on earth. and coming up on bbc news. watford are in their first fa cup final in 35 years. it's after they came from 2—0 down to stun wolves 3—2 in extra—time. good afternoon and welcome to the bbc news at one. social media companies could seek their services block and senior managers held personally liable under new government plans designed to safeguard people using the internet. in proposals published this morning, ministers suggest a new code of conduct for internet firms, enforced by a watchdog. the consultation comes amid rising public concern
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about the availability of harmful material online. but critics say the plans threaten freedom of speech. here's our media editor, amol rajan. over the past few years, the tech giants have come under sustained pressure to clean up their act. terrorist propaganda such as the live broadcast of a recent attack in new zealand have caused horror. so, too, have stories about child grooming online, and the appalling death of 14—year—old molly russell, who took her own life after seeing images of self—harm on instagram — which is owned by facebook — prompted an outcry. the actress and campaigner domenique fragale lost her friend when she killed herself after being bullied online. she thinks this white paper should have come sooner. a lot of messages were being sent to her, and they were encouraging her to kill herself, actually. and because of that, i wish i'd known. i wish she could speak out to me or she could actually contact the platforms and say, you know, this is happening. help me. what do i do? this long—delayed white paper is broad in scope and bold
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in its recommendations. for the first time, oversight of the internet will be entrusted to a regulator. a statutory duty of care to protect users will be enforced. and there is a potential for heavy fines to be administered. but many details remain unclear, which is why there's now a 12—week consultation. too many social media firms still seem to think that they can get away with providing the service without providing the protection for users, that anyone who challenges them must be some kind of luddite whojust doesn't understand the modern world, that a little progress here and there is acceptable while countless people, their lives are being destroyed. enough. internet companies have taken huge steps to protect people from harmful content online, and they want to do more of that. they are investing in systems to take down content and investing in teams to scan for content and remove harmful images.
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the next stage is getting to a regulatory regime with the government to help companies do that. the government hasn't yet decided whether it will set up a new regulator or entrust this work to an existing watchdog, such as ofcom. children's charities want tough penalties. now is the time to act, and the uk has an opportunity now. if we see statutory regulation, that will be the uk going further and faster than any other country in the world to tackle online harms. that can only be a good thing, and that will fundamentally ensure that we can see really a game changer in terms of protections for children. the new rules would apply to any company that allows people to share or discover user—generated content, or to interact with others. while facebook welcomes the proposals in principle, they say any new rules must protect innovation and freedom of speech. critics say applying the same rules to companies of such varying size will favour those few companies that can afford staff to oversee compliance, so entrenching the power of big tech. and amol is with me now.
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there are concerns about these proposals, what are they? they fall into two main camps, the first about freedom of speech. lots of people say it is hard to define what harm is in say it is hard to define what harm isina say it is hard to define what harm is in a digital context, one person's harm is another person's free speech and lots say the internet should be celebrated for free speech and therefore any curbs on free speech should be resisted. the other is economic impact, i mentioned at the end of the peace that these rules are incredibly broad in their scope, applying the same rules to different companies, so same rules to different companies, so if you have a youtube, digital giant, and have the same rules applying to youtube as you would for applying to youtube as you would for a community platform in swindon or stockport, the company in swindon or stockport, the company in swindon or stockport might be in trouble because they cannot afford compliance whereas youtube would be all right. making sure these rules work so as they don't disco a smaller firms will be tough. what is the timescale for these proposals being made law? that is another area of concern, if you set up a new regulator it takes primary legislation and years of graft and negotiation with lots of different
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people, ofcom took four years to set up, child grooming is happening online everyday and britain's laws are not fit for purpose and we may face european elections and who knows, maybe a general election so the problems are huge and the remedy is not obvious. these proposals could take years to implement. theresa may is to hold talks with the leaders of germany and france tomorrow, before an emergency brexit summit on wednesday. downing street has said it is the government's intention to "engage further" with labour today in the cross—party talks — with the aim of more formal face—to—face discussions on brexit. in the last hour, it's being reported that the prime minister is to hold a sudden mini—cabinet this lunchtime — and that there is a move amongst conservative pro—brexit mps to organise a vote of no confidence in mrs may. we will talk to our europe corresponding adam flemming in a moment but first to ben wright in westminster. ben, various developmets at westminster this morning, talk us through them. a lot going on and no surprise because as it stands the uk is set
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to leave the european union on friday without a deal, unless the eu and uk can agree to a further delay. but talks between labour and the government have been rumbling on since wednesday. not with a great deal of urgency. but we do expect a fresh paper from the government to be sent to labour this afternoon outlining where no 10 thinks it might be able to compromise. it is clear there are big differences between the two sides, particularly on the question of whether or not they should be a customs union with they should be a customs union with the european union after brexit, something labour insists on and something labour insists on and something theresa may has always emphatically said she wouldn't countenance. so we wait to see where the compromise might be. this whole process is putting great strain on both labour and tories, many labour mps saying jeremy corbyn should insist on another referendum at many tories safe theresa may should not be consorting withjeremy corbyn like this, or compromising at all. this lunchtime a tory brexiteer has talked about trying to find a new way of ditching the prime minister as leader of the tory party. there
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is lots of tension here. but for theresa may, finding some agreement with labour is central to her whole strategy and keyed to the argument she is taking to eu leaders this week as she appeals for more time. she is off to berlin and paris tomorrow to talk to the two big players in europe trying to persuade them that she does have a strategy for getting her brexit deal through parliament, something which she has failed to do three times already. there is a sense that the patience of eu leaders is wearing quite thin. and adam in luxembourg, as ben mentioned, theresa may meeting the french and german leaders tomorrow. how important will these meetings be? it is an important piece of laying the groundwork for that summit which will take place in brussels on wednesday evening where the 27 leaders will be deciding whether to delay brexit and give the uk more time. you can see why her itinerary is the way it is because angela merkel, the german chancellor, is one of the people who is most relaxed about the uk staying
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in the eu for longer. president emanuel macron of france is one of the more sceptical about whether that will actually fix anything and he is taking quite a tough line and has quite a lot of questions. theresa may is also going to speak toa theresa may is also going to speak to a whole heap of other eu leaders by phone over the next couple of days, not just those face—to—face meetings. it is unlikely she will find any leader or any country that wa nts find any leader or any country that wants britain to leave on friday with no deal. that is not what people think. what she will find, though, is the same questions again and again. the first question is, does she have a plan? for a lot of eu countries, the fact she is reaching out and speaking tojeremy corbyn isn't enough in itself, they wa nt to corbyn isn't enough in itself, they want to see an end product. the other big question is, if the uk wa nts to other big question is, if the uk wants to stay in for longer, it needs to stay for longer, as it prepared to limit the influence it has on big issues like the eu budget and who is the next president of the
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european commission? adam, many thanks. adam fleming there in luxembourg and of course thank you to ben wright in westminster. a new ultra low emission zone to try to reduce air pollution has come into force in central london. under the scheme, drivers of older, more polluting cars and vans will have to pay a daily fee of £12.50 on top of the existing congestion charge — and bigger vehicles will cost £100. the mayor of london, sadiq khan, says he's responding to a public health emergency, as victoria gill reports. the dangerous reality of city life. these images filled with a heat sensitive camera showed the pollution from vehicles being pumped into our streets. it's invisible but on busy city streets like this we're all breathing it and long—term exposure to air pollution from traffic can damage our lungs, our hearts, and it reduces our life expectancy. that's why london is embarking on a bold venture. the world's first ultra low emission zone.
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from today drivers of the most polluting vehicles will have to pay to enter the city centre. the ultra low emission zone is set to be expanded to cover the entire area between the north and south circular roads in 2021. cities across england are considering similar schemes with birmingham and leeds saying they will introduce clean air zones next year. the idea is to discourage people to drive into central london if they've got polluting vehicles, to encourage them to walk, cycle, or use public transport. if they have to drive into central london, to use a cleaner form a vehicle, electric, hybrid, or hydrogen powered. but if you are going to drive in with a more polluting vehicle you'd have to pay for that. so, what is a more polluting vehicle? well, it's based on a standard emissions test. petrol vehicles registered before 2005 are likely to be subject to this new charge. but most diesel vehicles registered before 2016 will be liable. and what will it cost?
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well, if you include the congestion charge, it could cost £24 per day to drive a car or van into central london. for small business owners like alex who runs a house clearance and recycling company it has meant upgrading his van to a newer one compatible with these ultra low emission rules. i haven't been paid in two months. really? that's because of the outlay for new vehicles? yes, the vehicle itself was 19000 and we had to pay for the box on the back so the total is nearly 30,000. you specifically bought that because of the new regulations? yes, i had no choice. it's been really, really tough and we have had to borrow money right, left and centre and really scrape through. how are others in london viewing these new antipollution regulations? well and truly affected, plus we will have to pay the other congestion when we get into town as well, so we are going
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to be slaughtered. if it improves the air quality for people it is clearly something that will benefit everybody. this is a national experiment, the attempt to clean up the airwe experiment, the attempt to clean up the air we breathe and it begins on the air we breathe and it begins on the busy, polluted streets of central london. victoria gill, bbc news. 0ur correspondent, lesley ashmall, is in trafalgar square. what have drivers been saying to you, leslie? well, as you can see, it hasn't made a big impact on traffic congestion, has it? the truth is, we think about 40,000 cars are going to have to pay this charge every single day. but, you know, the truth is most people applaud the sentiment. we all know pollution is terrible. i'm standing here, i can breathe it and i can smell it, it's really, really bad. however, a lot of small businesses are very, very concerned. they say they have simply not had enough time to maybe change
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their vans, upgrade their vans, not had enough time to maybe change theirvans, upgrade theirvans, make them cleaner, and they say they simply can't afford to do that. what is more, a lot of shift workers who may be travel in on night shifts when there is not as good public transport, say they too are going to be penalised. so there is some opposition, although a lot of people do applaud the sentiment. what is going to be interesting in two yea rs' going to be interesting in two years' time when this expands out a little bit to cover most of greater london, then millions of people could be affected and people are really being encouraged now to think about changing their vans, changing their cars, looking again at may be travelling through london because sadiq khan is absolutely convinced this clean air is to be his legacy. 0k, leslie ash well, thank you. a british woman is facing prison in dubai because of comments she posted on facebook more than two
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years ago, calling her former husband an "idiot" and his new wife a "horse". laleh sharavesh — who lives in london — was arrested when she visited dubai last month to attend a funeral. she's accused of breaking the country's strict cyber crime laws, as richard lister reports. laleh shahravesh brought her teenage daughter back to the uk from dubai three years ago. soon after, she got news that her husband in the uae was divorcing her. months later, she saw on facebook that he'd got remarried. in a fit of anger, she posted, "you married a horse, you idiot". a few weeks ago, her ex—husband died. ms shahravesh and her daughter arrived in dubai for the funeral, but were detained as the police responded to a complaint from the woman she'd insulted. her daughterflew home, while ms shahravesh awaits a court appearance. her emotional state is really, really terrible, really, and i've spoken to her daughter, her sisters and mother. the whole family is suffering tremendously as a result of this.
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the foreign office is in contact with the authorities in the uae about this case, and says it's supporting the family. its travel advice on the country does warn about the dangers of criticising people in the uae online and says there can be serious penalties there for things which are not illegal in the uk. jamie haren from stirling was sentenced to a three—month jail term in dubai for touching a man's hip in a crowded bar. he was freed after the foreign office intervened. it also worked for the release of matthew hedges, an academic imprisoned on espionage charges in the uae who was eventually pardoned in november. 0ur diplomats in the uae have enormous experience in dealing with concealer cases, as we saw with matthew hedges, and so she is getting the best possible service from the fco. more than 1.5 million british people visit the uae every year, but few will be aware of the local
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laws they might break. dubai looks to a lot of people like las vegas on sea, but what goes in vegas most certainly doesn't go in the united arab emirates. thousands of british holiday—makers will have woken up in hotel rooms in dubai this morning having broken the law because they stayed the night with somebody of the opposite gender to whom they are not married. laleh shahravesh now faces a possible fine of £50,000 and two years injail. richard lister, bbc news. our top story this lunchtime: social media companies could see their services blocked and senior managers held personally liable — under new government plans designed to safeguard people using the internet. and still to come we're in india, where campaigning is in full swing ahead of elections on thursday is in full swing ahead of elections on thursday. five years ago, narendra modi won a landslide victory. can he repeat it or can the opposition congress upset the polls? coming up on bbc news:
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england skipper steph houghton will miss tuesday's world cup warm—up game against spain, because of a groin injury. england begin their world cup group campaign against scotland on 9th june. the us secretary of homeland security, kirstjen nielsen, who enforced some of president trump's most controversial border policies, has resigned. ms nielson was responsible for implementing the proposed wall with mexico and the separation of migrant families which led to children being held in wire enclosures. she gave no reason for her departure, saying only that it was, "the right time for me to step aside". laura podesta reports. president trump on twitter confirmed a shuffle at homeland security. he thanked secretary kirstjen nielsen for her service and named kevin mcaleenan, the us customs and border protection commissioner her temporary replacement. a source tells cbs news white house senior adviser and immigration hawk
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stephen miller is behind the move and it's part of a broader overhaul at the department. we face a crisis... during her 16 month tenure, nielsen drew criticism from enforcing the separation of migrant families at the border. in march, members of the homeland security committee scrutinised the secretary for handling of the crisis. as a member of this committee you're darn right i'm going to hold this... accountable, for knowing what's happening at the bottom. nielsenjoint president trump in calexico, california friday. on thursday, during a visit to another border city in arizona, she encouraged congress to do more to enhance border security. this is entirely unprecedented and a humanitarian and security crisis will continue to get worse until congress acts. it's unclear whether nielsen quit or was forced to leave. cbs news's laura podesta reporting there. and we can speak to laura in new york now. did she go of her own choosing, or was she pushed?
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i was going to ask you that question, did she go of her own choosing or was she pushed. that is still the big question mark. we know there has been mounting pressure on there has been mounting pressure on the department of homeland to secure the department of homeland to secure the borders. president trump threatened to close the border, then he said he wouldn't close the border, but he will instill tariffs on mexico if the border is not secured. the removal of her could be another tactic to get the situation under control. a source does tell us that a white house advisor stephen miller is behind the move, as you heard in my report, and it is part ofa heard in my report, and it is part of a broader overhaul of the department and president trump has confirmed anything on twitter, naming the us customs commissioner her temporary replacement. secretary
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nielsen thanked dhs employees and she will remain as secretary through wednesday to help with the transition. so a short transition, but a transition, the question now for trump supporters and for the... you know for the us as a whole, is will this help president trump fulfil his promise of building a wall along the entire border. there are several hurdles to this, one of thoseis are several hurdles to this, one of those is funding and there are problems like private land that stretches across the border and the sheer scale of building a barrier. now the trump administration is putting pressure on mexico and this shuffle. thank you. shareholders in the japanese car—maker nissan have voted their former chairman,
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carlos ghosn, off the board of directors. the move severs mr ghosn's last ties with the company. he's presently in a japanese jail on multiple charges of financial misconduct. he denies any wrongdoing. the jury in the fraud trial against four former barclays bankers — including the former chief executive, john varley — has been dismissed. all four were charged with conspiracy to commit fraud by false representation in relation to barclays' 2008 capital—raising. they denied the charges. the case dated back to the financial crisis, when the bank raised billions of pounds from middle east investors. a campaign has been launched to raise awareness of a telephone system, which helps people alert police when they're in danger, but unable to speak. the "silent solution" system allows 999 callers who are too frightened to make a sound to press five twice when prompted, to let police know. around 20,000 silent 999 calls are made every day. a fatal accident inquiry
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into the clutha helicopter crash has begun in glasgow. ten people died and 31 others were injured, when a police helicopter crashed into the roof of the clutha bar in the city in november 2013. james shaw reports. it was an unheard—of disaster. a police helicopter crashing onto a pub packed with people in the centre of glasgow. this inquiry has been a long time coming, but at last the loved ones of those who died can hope to know the full facts of what happened that night in november five years ago. all rise. it began with an opening statement from the sheriff in charge of the inquiry. at 22 minutes past 10 on the evening of friday the 29th of november 2013, a helicopter then carrying out operations on behalf of police scotland crashed through the roof of the clutha bar in stockwell street, glasgow. before the evidence commences, it is fitting that we pause
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and remember those who died as a result of the accident on the 29th of november 2013. would those of you who are able to please stand now and observe a minute's silence. after the silence, the inquiry heard tributes to those who died on behalf of their families. gary arthur was described as a lovable rogue. robertjenkins is a gentleman. john mcgarrigle, a poet who was wry, humorous and charming. and the inquiry heard that mark 0'prey loved truth and honesty, and detested cant and dishonesty. the clutha reopened in 2015. mary kavanagh was inside with her partner robertjenkins when the disaster happened. she now feels able to return, but will never forget. i said to robert, "i will go get another drink." he goes, "no, love, when i finish this, i'll get another drink."
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and really, that was the last words he said to me. the inquiry is expected to last at least three months. the sheriff can, if he wishes, make recommendations to try to prevent similar accidents in the future. james shaw, bbc news, glasgow. in three days' time, voters across india will head to the polls in the biggest democratic election on earth. five years ago, narendra modi's bjp swept to a landslide victory and it's hoping to win another term with a manifesto which it said would address the needs of all sections of indian society. but the opposition congress party, led by rahul gandhi, is hoping to upset the polls with an appeal to the country's poorest. my colleague, matthew amroliwala, is in the capital, delhi. thank you. we are here and welcome to delhi at the 17th century red
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fort a stunning backdrop as we look at these elections. it is just a few miles from india's parliament. just three days until voting starts in this giant election. can narendra modi return to power. we are here with special coverage as we take a snapshot ahead of the biggest test of democracy on this planet. colossal, colourful and often unpredictable. around 900 million people are heading to the polls, that's triple the population of the united states, or the whole of europe put together. it's an election so big it has to be organised in seven phases over five weeks across 29 states. every number to do with this is vast — a million polling stations, 10 million election staff, half a million police and security, 1,700
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registered political parties, 8,000 candidates, 15 million first—time voters. and the logistical challenges are just as massive. every form of transport is used to carry electronic voting machines to the most inaccessible regions. in 2014, there were polling stations 15,000 feet above sea—level in the himalayas and one for a solitary hermit deep in thejungles of western india. for all the complexity though, there is also a simplicity. it is a westminster—style first—past—the—post system — get one more vote than your opponent and you win the seat. 543 seats are up for grabs, each state allocated a number in proportion to its population. so the magic number is 272. get past that and you have an outright majority. fall short and it's time for coalition—building. when you put it like that, it sounds simple —
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it's anything but. there is a famous saying here that the indian government is like a piece of flat bread, it needs to be flipped on the griddle or it'll burn. so will it flip this time? well, a year ago it would have seemed ridiculous to have even posed the question. narendra modi looked invincible. but the state elections at the end of 2018 were a major set back. the economy is slowing, unemployment is growing. "make india, clean india, i'll double your wages and create 10 millionjobs india." well, those promises, haven't quite been delivered. so it gives rahul gandhi and the opposition a chance. so, what will decide this election, who will decide this election? will it be urban voters? will it be rural voters? will it be the under—25s — half this country's population? will it be female voters? it is expected more women
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will vote this time than men. and every state is different. the issues are different. the languages are different. the alliances are different. which means small shifts can have huge consequences, which perhaps explains why india has a habit of kicking out the incumbent, even when the economy is doing well. but most people expect modi to win this election, perhaps without an outright majority. one final thought though, india has a history of getting the predictions wrong. matthew, so an election that's very hard to predict? it is difficult to predict. principally because this country is so principally because this country is so complex. see it less as a national election, more a federation ofa national election, more a federation of a load of state elections building up. and there is an element of caution, but remember, last time, the opposition congress was annihilated. so it is a success that they're back in the game. i talked in the report about the amount of
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discontents, the amount of broken promises. i want to give you one stat onjobs, the big issue here, because india's railway ministry advertised for 100,000 jobs last month and they got 20 million applications. that gives you a sense of the pressure on jobs. also there have been reforms, you remember demon ticeation and they got rid o tax. there is plenty of opposition. but most people expect that narendra modi will win, but not with that landslide of last time. thank you. here's tomasz schafernaker. it is difficult to call the weather today. here is a beautiful picture. where that is from? this is suffolk.


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