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tv   Click - Short Edition  BBC News  May 4, 2019 3:30am-3:46am BST

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over a this is bbc news, the headlines: north korea has launched a number of "short—range missiles" according to south korea's joint chief of staff. the missiles were launched from wonsan in the east of the state. according to military officials in seoul, the projectiles flew between 70 and 200 km into the east sea. cyclone fani has struck india's east coast, with heavy rain and two—hundred—kilometre—an—hour winds. officials say the storm is expected to cause widepsread disruption as it makes its way north towards bangladesh. more than a million people have been moved from their homes.
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in thailand, preparations are being made for the coronation of king maha vajiralongkorn. elaborate ceremonies will take place from saturday until monday. earlier the king paid his respects to the sacred emerald buddha and the royal remains. he will succeed his father as king rama the tenth. in a few minutes, it'll be time for newswatch, but first, here's click. whenever you're out and about, your mobile phone communicates with the rest of the world through these. calls, messages and data are sent from masts like this to hundreds
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of phones within a few kilometres and each of those phones send calls and data back again. it's a lot of work for one mast to do and it kind of explains why if there are too many phones in any one area, things start to slow down. but it won't always be like this. our next mobile network will be the fifth generation, called sg. and it will be very different to what's come before. 16 was about the analogue phone, allowing us to make calls to one another. zg allowed us to do things like send sms text messages and do voice recording. 36 was about the promise of the smartphone, allowing us to access digital broadband services. and ag, which is what we've had since 2009, allowed us to do all those first three things but faster. 56 is like going from earth to mars. it's not a faster world, it's a different world. it's going to be a world that is connected, in which machines
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will be talking to each other and talking to you. and to achieve that, we are going to have lots and lots of antennae everywhere. from lamp posts, buildings, you name it, it's enjoying busy connections is an old man is because everything is going to have an antenna on it. and that's because there are billions and billions of new devices waiting to be connected that will communicate with each other, work with each other and make our lives easier in ways that we can't yet imagine. tv off, lights off. machine: tv off, light off. it will allow you to control your energy consumption in your smart home. it will allow your fridge to decide when to order groceries for you and have them delivered by a self—driving truck. it will allow your dishwasher to decide when it washes dishes, your laundry machine decide
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when it washes clothes. so right now, we have to instruct our machines but in the sg worlds, our machines might decide to communicate directly to us or with each other. the machines will start communicating simply to regulate the flow of human activity. your car is going to be connecting and thinking, interacting and communicating with every other sensor that happens that's walking down the street as it passes a building, as it passes a somebody on a bicycle. information from a traffic light three blocks down that you can't even see yet. it's going to be completely seamless. 56 will enable all these devices to have superfast data connections but we also need them to be stable connections as one device hops rapidly between all of these antennae. how rapidly? well, maybe this rapidly. this is the millbrook 56 test bed. one of the things i'm testing here is how well sg antennae can follow a moving target. there is an antenna and i'm the target. i am making a live video call
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to the computer trackside which is actually really hard to do when you're moving at speed. at 140 miles an hour, each antenna can only send stuff to my special sg hotspot in the car for about four seconds and so here, each one has to form a beam which targets the car exactly and then hands over the service seamlessly to the next antenna, all without interrupting the video stream. the kind of technology that blu wireless is testing here will eventually enable high—speed trains to stay connected to the 56 network and provide superfast internet to their passengers. to coverjust this small area, they are using 11 antennae here so if you want to blanket the whole uk with 56,
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you are going to need a huge number of the things. i mean, this is a massive infrastructure rollout. and the scale of all this is something being grappled with around the world. in the us, verizon has stepped up its trials in us cities, albeit only over small areas. speeds, when it works, are impressive, although the trials are said to have had some teething problems. cities in south korea and china could well get the first meaningful services but what about if you're not in a city? well, back in the uk, jane copestake has been looking at what 56 might mean for rural areas. in this idyllic patch of british countryside, the birds are cheerfully singing and the cows are peacefully grazing. but look closer and you will see there is something very different about these cows linking them to a unique experiment. this dairy farm in somerset is one of the first test
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spots for 56 in the uk. the cows are wearing sensors and all this data is being sent to the cloud and then back to the farmer who can make decisions based on this data. almost every task on this farm can be automated. these cows are queueing up patiently to be robotically milked. this system allows the cow to choose how many times a day and at what time it wants to be milked. the robot picks up on how much milk is coming from each of the cows udders and can control the sensitivity of the milking as well. the cows here come and go as they please, with little human interaction in their movements. so one of these cows has just taken itself for a massage. the feeding system is also done by machine, and that's not all.
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there is even a robot that scrapes up excrement, putting it into these channels which can quietly operate around the cows so as not to disturb them. duncan forbes runs the farm. he's been working with cisco on this project which is part of the uk's sg rural first strategy. the farm is chosen to demonstrate how 56 would help bring together the many different points of data across a herd of cows. low latency and the ability to cover large distances with 56 means that the cows can be monitored in real time, even if they're grazing in the field. what sensors is she wearing? can we see any of them? 0n the collar, there is a little black square that says "fa milk silent herdsman" on it so that's one of the sensors and it's an activity monitor. like a wearable, like a watch. yes, but the sort of thing it does is tell you when the cow was eating, so there's an inclinometer, so when her heads down, it says 0k, she's eating. she's got the green one, the transponder underneath her chin. and that's the one that controls the gates and so on inside the building. it's an electronic identity. the third one isjust inside her rear, the little
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white button on the top of the ears is holding the sensor. so these cows have got more sensors than you would necessarily have on an ordinary cow because we are trying it out, we are testing them and we are checking out their connectivity. here, we're on a dairy farm and we're using the technology to help us with our animals but we're also going to have sensors around the fields telling us what the soil moisture is, what the temperature of the soil is, measuring the grass growth, using satellites or hyperspectral imaging to measure how much grass we've got but also saying, maybe we don't need to use quite so much fertiliser. 56 could revolutionise the farming industry, connecting notjust the uk farms but farms around the world so best practices can be compared and new techniques developed. imagine if you would be able to cross—correlate data, not only about how a cow is doing well, if it's sick within the farm but across multiple farms, across multiple areas. imagine the efficiency you could get if you were able to manage the robots based on the best possible efficient way of doing it instead ofjust within a farm.
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one of the biggest challenges for farming worldwide is the expected increase in world population where we're going to need to produce 70% more food than we were producing in 2009 by 2050. that's a massive increase. we've got to produce that food without additional impact on the environment, preferably less. a byproduct of bringing the 56 network outside of cities could be a revolution in connection speeds of the countryside. a recent national farmers‘ union survey showed only i7% of respondents reporting areliable outdoor mobile single and only 16% saying they had access to superfast broadband. the farmers here hope to make a strong economic case for bringing connectivity to all parts of the country, no matter how remote. hello, welcome to the week in tech.
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a drone has, for the first time, delivered a human organ. surgeons in maryland received a kidney transplant from about 3 miles away. and facebook ceo mark zuckerberg announced new measures to improve users privacy as he laughed off his company's recent failures. the strongest reputation on privacy right now. updates include a friend feed free of adverts and an encrypted messenger service. meanwhile, the uk government is preparing to plan new laws that will mean that all internet—connected devices need to have cyber security features built in. it proposes all devices sold in the uk come with unique passwords, state how long they will receive security updates for and provide contact details to report vulnerabilities. we may have seen ai—generated bases before but how about entire—generated people? well, meet this lot. these photorealistic images by japanese company datagrid come complete with faces,
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hair and even outfits. and finally, if you haven't worked up an appetite for lab—grown meat, then how about a spot of lab—grown fish? singapore start—up shiok meats won't be scrimping on the shrimps after raising $4.6 million to keep working on their cell—based delights. but are you ready to dive in? and that's it for the shortcut of this week. the full version is a live where you can see our 56 adventures in china where we visit the most advanced manufacturer of five g in the world and askjust who are huawei.
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what i done hello and welcome to newswatch with me, samira ahmed. samira ahmed. did sunday's report on spain's election focus too much
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on the right—wing vox party, who only came fifth, rather than the actual winners? and... what drove this normally garrulous newsreader to silence? first, it's been another big week in politics, with the sacking of the defence secretary, gavin williamson, and thursday's local elections in england and northern ireland. but the way the results of the latter were characterised by the bbc met with the disapproval of some viewers. heather leach e—mailed. .. and keith russell made this point...
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spaniards also went to the polls this week, with the country's third general election in four years last sunday. the headline about it on that night's news at ten focused on the high turnout and the bbc‘s expectation that a far right party was expected to perform strongly. later in the programme, that was again the initial


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