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tv   BBC News  BBC News  July 20, 2019 4:00pm-4:31pm BST

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this is bbc news, i'm lukwesa burak. the headlines at four: following the seizure of a british—flagged tanker in the gulf, the foreign secretary speaks to his irainian counterpart and expresses his extreme disappointment. we will respond in a way that is considered but robust and we are absolutely clear that if this situation is not resolved quickly, there will be serious consequences. police in hong kong say they've seized a large amount of explosives, ahead of a weekend of marches by both pro and anti china demonstrators. england hope to reach their first netball world cup final — they're neck and neck against four—time winners new zealand. it is one small step for man, one
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giant leap for mankind. it's 50 years ago today that neil armstrong took the giant leap to become the first man to walk on the moon. and coming up at half past four — a look back at the best moments from the victoria derbyshire programme this week. the foreign secretary, jeremy hunt, has spoken to his iranian counterpart — expressing what he said was "extreme disappointment" over the seizure of a british—flagged oil tanker in the gulf last night. a senior iranian diplomat has also been summoned to the foreign office. the government has advised uk ships to stay out of the area of the strait of hormuz for an interim period
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after a meeting of the emergency committee, cobra, late last night. state media in teheran say the tanker, the stena impero, had violated international maritime rules. but the ship's owner, the swedish company stena bulkt, says the tanker was in full compliance with all navigation and international regulations. mr hunt, said the seizure was unacceptable and britain's response would be "considered but robust". paul adams reports. iran says the stena impero and its multinational crew, which does not include any britons, is now being held at the port of bandar abbas. the authorities there say the tanker is being investigated following an accident involving a fishing boat. the ships owners have not confirmed this and say no rules were broken. the stena impero was making its way through the narrow strait of hormuz in international waters when it was intercepted by a helicopter and several small boats. it made a sharp turn north towards iran.
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its last reported position — a few miles south—west of the iranian island of larak. we will respond in a way that is considered but robust, and we are absolutely clear that if this situation is not resolved quickly, there will be serious consequences. a second tanker, the mesdar, was also detained but only briefly. it is now making its way towards a port in saudi arabia. but concerns over the safety of shipping are rising. i don't think the raising of tensions further is in anybody‘s interest, there will be no winners, if that's the case. so, we call for caution, we call for de—escalation so that we can restore some sort of confidence and security in the busy waters in the region so that ships and sea—bearers can carry on doing their business supporting global trade. earlier this month, royal marines detained a tanker full of iranian oil off gibraltar. the grace i was accused of smuggling oil to syria in breach of eu sanctions.
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iran called it an act of piracy and threatened to respond in kind. the tanker is still being held. i think they want their tanker and their crude oil out of gibraltar because it is worth a great deal of money. they want to establish the position firmly that the united kingdom is not seeking to enforce us sanctions. yesterday, iran released these pictures showing american warships sailing through the strait of hormuz. washington said it had brought down an iranian surveillance drone, iran said the pictures proved otherwise. what they do show is a waterway crowded with military and commercial vessels. a fifth of the world's oil passes this way, and it's getting more dangerous. our correspondent katherine da costa is outside the foreign office where a senior iranian diplomat has been summoned.
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in the last few minutes we have heard from the owners of the tanker, what have they said? that is right. literally in the last few minutes the statement has come in and it says, our insurers in the region have been in contact with the head of marine affairs. they reported the crew members of our vessel are in good health and that the tanker is at the nearby anchorage. the head of marine affairs has asked for a formal request for a visit to be arranged to the crew and members of the vessel and i confirm that the formal request is being prepared. that statement there in the last few minutes and we have also heard eight suites from jeremy hunt, the foreign secretary. he said he has spoken to his iranian counterpart and has expressed extreme disappointment that having assured him last week, iran wanted to de—escalate the situation, they have effectively done the opposite. he added it has
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to be about actions not words if we are to find a way through and he said that british shipping must and will be protected. iran says the tanker was violating international maritime rules but the vessel's owners dispute that and this afternoon, the reuters news agency has been reporting that the tanker was escorted by a british warship which tried to prevent iran from stopping it. as you say, today a senior iranian diplomat has been summoned here to the foreign office and there will be a further emergency meeting of cobra here this afternoon. we are expecting to get an update from mr hunt within the next hour. what is he likely to say? well, he has already said he is not considering literary action but he hopes to find a diplomatic solution. the rhetoric is being ramped up. in an earlier tweet he said iran may be choosing a dentist path of illegal and destabilising behaviour after gibraltarillegal detention of all
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bad syria and has warned there may be serious consequences if the situation is not resolved quickly. but iran is hurting from top sanctions imposed by the us and it may feel it has nothing to lose. there is no timescale, no deadline set at this stage, no detail about how british shipping is to be protected. clearly though britain has to tread very carefully in an already fragile situation. our middle east correspondent, lina sinjab, has been monitoring the situation from beirut. the iranians have been clear about their message, and even the foreign minister javad zarif made it clear that what happened is a violation of international maritime regulations, which the ship owners have denied it and they said they had not been involved in any violations of the regulations. obviously for iran this is also a reaction to what the uk have done earlier this month with the seizure of their oil tanker that the uk says
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it was intending to transport oil to syria which is a violation of the us sanctions on syria. this is a big economic burden on tehran. they want their tanker removed, they want their tanker moved, actually, and they want their oil as well. iran is facing a terrible economic situation with the renewed sanctions of the us on them and this is a leverage for them to negotiate and to have a way to find a solution for their economic problem, but also to treat the uk with a tit—for—tat after the seizure of their oil tanker earlier this month. lina, it would appear that iran really has nothing to lose now. just how hard... you describe terrible economic hardship. everyday life, take us through what those sanctions are doing to iranians. well, it is definitely a difficult situation on an economic level.
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you can feel it also across the region where iran is involved with other countries like syria and hezbollah, the money shrinking, but also ordinary life in iran is becoming difficult for the ordinaries. although you can get a sense of defiance amongst people against us actions and sanctions on iran, but of course there is a difference between the people and the government and also within the government there is the official government and there is the revolutionary guard, the hardline ones, the ones in charge of this seizure of the british tanker today. but the whole country is feeling the pressure of the economic sanctions and this action by tehran today, as you rightly said, they have nothing to lose by pushing the boundaries and asking for, you know, for equal treatment and get their tanker released by the uk.
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we are now hearing from jeremy corbyn who has tweeted the following. the uk tanker he says under uranian control and its crew must be released. escalation risks a deeper conflict, all sites must show restraint. that was the latest statement that came through within the last hour from jeremy corbyn, the labour leader. more on this as and when we get it. so many statements and reactions coming through on this issue. the chairman of the high speed 2 rail project has reportedly warned that its cost could rise by £30 billion. the financial times says allan cook has written to the department for transport, saying the project cannot be completed for the official budget of £56 billion. here's our transport correspondent, tom burridge.
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hs2 — a new high—speed line linking london, birmingham, manchester and leeds — was already set to cost a hefty sum — £56 billion. and in recent months, there has been a growing acceptance at the company building hs2 that the project is likely to cost more. now, with work on the line between birmingham and london already under way, and £5 billion spent so far, a report saying hs2 could cost an extra £30 billion. according to the financial times, the chairman of hs2, who is carrying out a review of cost and schedule, has written to the government, warning the new rail line cannot be built within budget and could cost between £70—85 billion. the government says the new high—speed line is needed because the west coast main line between london, birmingham and manchester is already crowded. both the department for transport and hs2 said
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the review into the cost of the project was ongoing. they wouldn't comment on this latest report, but it comes at a sensitive time. borisjohnson says he will carry out his own review if he becomes prime minister next week. he has said the project's costs are spiralling out of control. some say the high—speed line is vital to link the north of england to the midlands and to london. but many question whether it's value for money, and if it gets even more expensive, that case will be harder to make. police are hunting two men after gas was released on a london underground train earlier this morning. they've released cctv images of two young, white men they want to trace. a number of people were treated at oxford circus by paramedics. officers say their symptoms suggest that cs gas was used. the metropolitan police say they are still trying to work out what happened to their
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twitter account after it appeared to be hacked. a series of messages appeared on the force's official account last night. it has more than a million followers. officers said they were assessing to establish what criminal offences have been committed over the security breach. ministers have promised to put an end to the use of so—called "poor doors" in newly built blocks of flats in england. planning permission can be conditional on developers building some social housing units in private developments. the communities secretary, james brokenshire, says separate doors stigmatise social housing tenants, and divide them from private residents. labour has set out plans to stop private companies providing council services in england. shadow chancellorjohn mcdonnell says if the party wins the next election, outsourcing of work such as rubbish collections would end within five years. susanna mendonca reports.
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who should be responsible for local services like bin collections, your local councils or the private companies they might be paying to do it for them? it is called outsourcing, a practice that was supposed to make it cheaper and more efficient to deliver local services, but labour says it's led to councils often paying a high price for a poor job and if it were in government, it would bring an end to most outsourcing in english councils within five years. to put it simply, the business model of outsourcing failed and is broken, and that's why it needs replacing. so after year upon year of failures, the public themselves have lost confidence in the privatisation of our public services and the carve up of the public realm for, well, for private profit. labour points to the collapse of the construction giant carillion last year which saw work on its public contracts, like this super hospital in birmingham, come to a grinding halt when it went out of business.
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bringing local authority services back in—house is just one of the policy ideas labour is rolling out as it prepares for a possible general election, but a government spokesman said it should be for councils to decide which services to let private companies run, notjohn mcdonnell. susana mendonca, bbc news. the headlines on bbc news: following the seizure of a british—flagged tanker in the gulf — the foreign secretary speaks to his irainian counterpart and expresses his extreme disappointment. police in hong kong say they've seized a large amount of explosives — ahead of a weekend of marches by both pro and anti china demonstrators. england hope to reach their first netball world cup final —— in the closing few minutes,
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police in hong kong say they've seized a large amount of explosives ahead of a weekend of marches by both pro and anti china demonstrators. officers found two kilogrammes of a powerful explosive as well as petrol bombs, acidic substances and knives. they've arrested a 27—year—old man who's understood to be a member of the hong kong national front, which advocates independence from china. police say they're trying to determine whether the hoard is related to this weekend's protests. our china correspondent, stephen mcdonnell, has been following developments. today, the same day as we have seen this probation rarely i suppose we could call it, these are the protesters who have come out to support the beleaguered hong kong government and also the police force. the police force that has been criticised for a heavy—handed
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approach to the rallies and opposing this very unpopular extradition bill allowing potentially for extradition to the communist party. on the same day as having this rally, a protester from a day as having this rally, a protesterfrom a pro—independence group has been arrested for having explosives and the police say ten molotov cocktail is in a storage area. this will fuel the criticism in certain circles that hong kong's political crisis is moving to a new, potentially more violent phase and we saw that last weekend and we may see it again tomorrow when there will be a much louder rally than this in favour of democracy. while today's rally, nothing near the size of the huge rallies in the pro—democracy camp, nevertheless thousands of people have been there. they are very keen, they are turning up they are very keen, they are turning up here with their posters... no, i
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didn't say they were not peaceful people. there is an anti—media feeling amongst this crowd. partly because they don't like the reporting we are doing. i am just talking about what has happened here today. so this rally... tell me what you would like us... what is the problem with what i have just said? not real. what did i say that is not true? someone has been arrested today with explosives. anyway, we will have another rally tomorrow and it could deteriorate like last weekend into more clashes. there are fears that both sides have scores to settle if you like and so there has been predictions that it could be the use of water cannon and the like
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tomorrow. a large crowd, a pro—democracy crowd expected to gather here and yes, it could well deteriorate into yet more running street clashes. as the old adage claims, those in pursuit of success need only an endless supply of persistence. but several learner drivers in the uk have taken the try, try again mantra to new levels, according to data from the driving and vehicle standards agency. a couple of wannabe motorists racked up at least 20 practical tests in a single calendar year. earlier i spoke to mark winn, dvsa chief driving examiner. i asked him why some people are finding the test so difficult to pass. i think they are failing because they're not getting enough training and enough proper practice before they come and take the test. and what other interesting statistics can you take us through? those figures are incredible. i think the average is 15 tests, is that right? of those people who have taken
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repeated tests, yeah, then they've taken sort of between 15 and 19 tests in that period of time. most people, if you take the average across everybody that takes their driving test, it's between one and one and a half times that they take their test. we shouldn't lose sight of the 19,000 people who took and passed their test without committing any faults at all, so we need to be careful to keep it in perspective. ok, so what has changed? because obviously when i took my test, yes, it was a lot cheaper, but also i think the roads have changed. what are the new skills that drivers are having to learn? these days, as well as driving and dealing with the increase in traffic volume, our new drivers also have to drive independently for about 20 minutes. most of them are asked to follow directions from a satnav device during a test and this makes sure that they can plan and be aware and drive really independently without support from anybody else, a really important, vital skill once they pass their test.
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how is it then, i watched the video and it said it doesn't matter if you go the wrong way? a driving test isn't about navigation and about learning the right way to learning a test route, it's about whether you can drive safely, interact with other traffic in the right way. examiners don't mind if you go the wrong way when you're on your driving test, as long as you do it safely. ok, parallel parking on the right—hand side, reverse two car lengths and then drive off — what is that all about? what is the point of that? again it's about making sure that our driving test reflects real—world conditions. if you want to park on the right—hand side of the road because that is where your house is or that's because that is where the local shops are that you want to call into, people these days will pull up and park on the right, so this gives us the opportunity to make sure our new drivers can do this skill safely. it's a bit like the forward bay parking. as well as making sure that learners can reverse into a parking space, the driving test these days
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contains a manoeuvre looking at whether they can drive forwards into a parking space and then back out again safely. some people might question whether that's a really good idea or not but certainly it's what i do when i go shopping in the supermarket because it makes loading the shopping a lot easier, so again it's about the driving test reflecting real—world conditions. ok, real—world conditions because a lot of people are saying that the gps system, sometimes we rely on it too much. we actually switch off on what is going on around us on that road. it is an element of that included in the test? as well as responding to the gps and the satnav, the new drivers on their test also have to relate that to the real world driving that is sitting in front of them and the picture that is going on. so the satnav device will give them some basic directions on how to get through the hazards they are expected to deal with, but they need to think and to plan for themselves and drive independently to be able to get through.
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we arejust going we are just going to bring you some breaking news regarding the netball match. it has been absolutely incredible. unfortunately, congratulations to new zealand stop they have beaten england, 47—45. you can see those live pictures they're coming into us. england, it's been described by commentators, have been putting on a remarkable comeback. at times they were neck and neck, other times they were neck and neck, other times they were neck and neck, other times they dropped quite a way back but 47-45. in times they dropped quite a way back but 47—45. in the last few minutes, possession went between the two teams. a little bit scrappy, but the four—time champions will now go through to the final to meet defending champions australia. we will find out more details of this match from our correspondence in liverpool, so do stay with us for that. congratulations though to new zealand.
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celebrations are being held around the world to commemorate the first manned lunar landing. 50 years ago tonight, neil armstrong and buzz aldrin became the first humans to set foot on the moon. pallab ghosh looks back at that day. the saturn 5 rocket shimmers on launchpad a at the kennedy space center. three astronauts get ready for a mission that will propel them and the rest of humanity into a new area. commander neil armstrong leads edwin "buzz" aldrin and mike collins into the spacecraft. three, two, one... we have liftoff. neil armstrong reporting the roll and pitch programme which puts apollo 11 on a proper heading. we're going to go for landing. retro. go. vital. go. guidance. go. neil armstrong takes manual control and with fuel running low,
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brings the spacecraft down. tranquility base here. the eagle has landed. roger, tranquillity. we copy on the ground. he then makes his descent onto the lunar surface... i'm going to step off the lam now. ..and uttered the words that would reverberate through history forevermore. it's one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind. it was a time when all things seemed possible, the very stars seemed within our grasp, only for plans for the human exploration of other worlds to fade. but neil armstrong himself said that the dream was still there and it would come back in time. joining me now is ian crawford, professor of planetary science and
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astrobiology. first off, astrobiology. first off, astrobiology. what does that mean? astrobiology is the search for life in the universe. 0k. what we just saw there were the first humans to step on the moon, but are you saying that there could have been other life? no, not at all. ithink that there could have been other life? no, not at all. i think the significance of the moon in terms of astrobiology is that for the whole history of the solar system, the moon has been orbiting the only inhabiting planet in the universe, the earth, and the only geological record of the moon informs us of the early history of the earth. that is the connection between the earth and astrobiology. the apollo landing, what did it mean to you? personally a lot. i was seven in 1969 and i was one of those small children woken up in the early hours of the morning to watch neil armstrong stepped on the
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moon. it was one of the things that inspired me to a career in science. where are we with lunar exploration? it is 50 years since the first person stood on the moon, it is almost 50 years since the last person stood on the moon so for 50 yea rs person stood on the moon so for 50 years the exploration of the moon has been conducted by robotics. they have taught us what we don't know and we now there is a fantastic amount of the moon can tell us about the solar system which will require further exploration. there is a strong case for returning humans to the moon in the coming years. strong case for returning humans to the moon in the coming yearslj understand the moon in the coming years.” understand you also work with lunar samples. is that right? yes, we are currently working on some apollo 12 soil samples. even now, 50 years after the apollo missions it is important to understand that scientists are studying those samples. what treasures are they releasing? they are fundamentally
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important for telling us about the origin of the moon, the conditions of the inner solar system, the rate at which meteorites have been striking the moon and the rate at which meteorites have been striking the earth and they are becoming increasingly important for telling us about whether the moon might have natural resources which might be economically useful in the future.” wa nt to economically useful in the future.” want to come onto the idea, i have read so much about moon villages, eve ryo ne read so much about moon villages, everyone seems to be talking about it. but when you talk about resources , it. but when you talk about resources, i know the chinese have put a resources, i know the chinese have putafairamount resources, i know the chinese have put a fair amount of investment in the mining of the moon. is it profitable? i think it is a bit premature to talk about mining of the moon. the way to view this is if we we re the moon. the way to view this is if we were to set up a moon base or a moon village, then that would be much more economical if we had resources on the moon that we could source on the moon rather than bringing from the earth. i think
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initially space resources. by finding things on the moon, water is a good example, which would be very useful for your a good example, which would be very usefulfor your moon a good example, which would be very useful for your moon village, but you wouldn't want to have two left out of the earth was microgravity. looking for things on the moon that can be used on the moon, that is the way lunar resources to be utilised up way lunar resources to be utilised up white unfortunately we have run out of time. i was worried about the idea of me to write striking the moon, but thank you very much. very quickly in the past few minutes, england have been knocked out of the netball world cup by champions new zealand. kate gray has the latest for us. it is huge heartbreak here at the liverpool arena. the players are absolutely devastated that they we re are absolutely devastated that they were not able to make history here ata were not able to make history here at a home world cup and make it through to their first ever netball world cup final. they are still out on court saying thanks to their fans. obviously new zealand are
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hugely celebrating another success for them. they have made it through to another world cup final but that means england have missed out for a fifth time in a semifinal at a netball world cup. this was never what they wanted to happen, particularly here in liverpool. the team, they came out with huge expectation on their shoulders, they have been unbeaten so far and they have been unbeaten so far and they have looked unstoppable here in liverpool, but they were very tense in the early stages. they went down by five goals in the early stages, they came back and managed to get three ahead at one point but the very experienced new zealand team proved to be too good in the end. the real reality of this is that england struggled under the pressure and let some balls go that they wouldn't usually let go, they were missing shots that they wouldn't usually miss and it has ended in heartbreak. the girls were in tears down on court. tracey neville will help to find some way to lift them up help to find some way to lift them up ready for their bronze medal match tomorrow against south africa.
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