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tv   Our World  BBC News  July 27, 2019 4:30am-5:01am BST

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divert military funds to pay for the construction of the president's long—promised border wall with mexico. donald trump had tried to declare a national emergency to fund the wall after failing to persuade congress. he called the ruling a big success. the us and guatemala have signed a migration agreement, days after us president donald trump threatened the central american country with tariffs. under the deal, migrants from honduras and el salvador who pass through guatemala would be required to stop and seek asylum there first. the united nations has accused the world of turning its back on the war in syria. airstrikes there have killed more than 100 people in the last 10 days. the un says the syrian government may be directly targetting civilians. now on bbc news, our world.
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since the election of donald trump, rival groups of far—right and far—left activists have battled in the streets of some american cities. violence has broken out in new york, berkeley, and charlottesville. but perhaps most affected is portland, oregon, a liberal, progressive city in the pacific north—west. mike wendling has been there to meet activists from both sides to try to understand why the violence continues. portland, oregon, in america's pacific north—west. since the election of donald trump, there's been trouble in the streets. chant: usa, usa, usa! the far—right is on the march. see, i get very violent. i'm, like, one of the more violent, because i don't like to fight for very long so. they are confronted by home—grown
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antifascist groups. someone's gotta stop them. they're not going to march in my streets, not in my town. why has this city become a battleground between the far—right and the leftist antifascist movement? i'm mike wendling, and i've come here to find out. i get, "chief 0utlaw, whose side are you on?" "what are little black girls going to think of you, for protecting white supremacists?" i also want bring together two people from opposing sides. they know each other from across the barricades. when they meet again, on neutral ground, will they talk or will they fight? it's a disturbing trend across america — political violence in the streets.
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new york. berkeley, california. a murder in charlottesville, virginia. but the main battleground is a hipster utopia, the city of portland. right—wing groups come from out of town, proclaiming the right to free speech. chant: usa, usa, usa! as an american, i want to know why extremism is on the rise across my country, and who is invading once peaceful portland and why. i have come 4.5 hours south of the city to this town, called ashland. hey, welcome to my town! rob cantrall is a local chapter leader of one of america's newest far—right groups, the proud boys.
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how are you doing? make it up here 0k? yeah, yeah, how about you? right now he is living in his car, along with all the staff, ——his stuff, his favourite companion, marley, and marley's litter box. rob is divorced, with a daughter and grandson. he works at a local marijuana farm. it's humble, it's dirty, it's peaceful and you have not even seen the back yet. although it's illegal in most places in america, in oregon, growing cannabis is tolerated and adults are perfectly free to smoke it. you kind of get an idea of how many plants we have, about 600. freedom is what rob says he is all about. we are trying to save the way of life, freedom and not let it turn into some oppressive communation or any kind of —ism. the proud boys is a men's only club.
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they say they stand for "traditional" values — capitalism, defined gender roles, free speech. they have ten principles. one of them is abolish prisons. end the welfare state — no more welfare. it seems pretty heartless but we can do that by having a more lucrative economy and taking care of each other a little bit more. we just do not want the government to take care of us. but rob's main source of income these days is a government disability allowance. what are some other principles? laughs. let's see, venerate the housewife. i'm sorry but, traditionally speaking, a woman in the home is the best home. the proud boys have been designated a hate group by an anti—extremism organisation in america. they deny they are racist or homophobic. they have black members and gay members. what makes them extreme
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is their violence. one of the tenets is we're never supposed to hit first. people have said that the proud boys have started violence, there's been videos. .. they like violence. ..there have been people arrested. see, i get very violent in fights. i'm, like, one of the more violent because i don't like to fight for very long, and i want to get it done. rob and the proud boys are willing to make the trip into portland again and again. proud boys, are you excited or what? come on, now. they march with other right—wing groups, including patriot prayer. sometimes the rallies result in violence and arrests. one man who marched with the far—right committed murder. jeremy christian was extreme even by their standards. in 2017, christian was shouting
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racial abuse at two muslim women on a portland train. two men tried to intervene. he stabbed them. when he appeared in court he shouted, "death to the enemies of america, death to antifa". i have come to a quiet working—class neighbourhood, where patriotism is on display. this is the home of one of portland's prominent antifa, short for "antifascist", activists. hey. hello, luis. how are you doing? hi, how are you doing? nice to see you. yeah, good to see you. welcome, come on in. thanks. on a real bad day, i'm probably an anarchist. on a real good day, a social democrats. luis enrique marquez grew up in this city, his grandparents were immigrants. he is a comedian and writer and he has lost his patience with american politics.
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i think it's ridiculous that these group of nativists, white nationalists and right—wingers keep coming to my town and keep bringing their hate to my town. the red sauce is good, it's not as spicy as it smells. the antifascists in portland are a broad mix of left—wing types. luis‘s house is an unofficial activist hub. they need to learn that their violence that they're bringing is not going to be unopposed. it's not going to be just taken and absorbed. it's going to send a hit back to them. these activists say the other side's claim about free speech is a pretence, hiding a fascist agenda. most people in portland are repulsed by the far—right. they have already killed two people.
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lots of innocent people's lives have been disrupted. someone's gotta stop them. they are not going to march in my streets, not in my town. but many also disagree with the antifascist tactics. antifa are not afraid to fight. that's where he challenges me again to fight, "i suggest you never walk the streets of portland again". battles on the streets are mirrored on line. and some are deeply personal. luis plays a message from proud boy, rob cantrall. i'm not done with you. ijust started, dog. why don't you bleep let me know when you're going to be walking the streets of portland, you little bleep... this is their first encounter, at a rally two years ago. so if you bleep threaten me, i'm going to take on one of these guys. rob argued with an antifa activist. luis tried to separate them. have a good bleep day. he sent you a picture
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of you and your partner. since then they have slung insults and threats back and forth on line. you respond to him there. i said, ijust told him i prefer you suicide. luis gives as good as he gets. there are dozen of proud boyd chapters in 37 states, and the uk and canada. their exact numbers are unknown. but there's a sizeable group near portland, in a suburb just over the stateline. rob has travelled up for a proud boy party and we've received a last—minute invitation. hello. you guys missed out on all the food. welcome. who do you think you are? i'm your daddy. really? they are protecting
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freedom of speech. to become a member of the brotherhood you have to do the following — first degree, recite a slogan. my name is rob contrall, i'm a western chauvinist who refuses to apologise for creating the modern world. second degree, name breakfast cereals while getting smacked by fellow proud boys. apple jacks, cinnamon toast, coco pops, frostie flakes... also, promise not to masturbate. and the third degree, brand yourself in solidarity. proud boy. look at that big beautiful, smiling face. loud and proud. rob's fellow proud boys show off some ink. they flash 0k signs meant to mock left—wingers.
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and they wear their uniform of choice — a fred perry polo shirt. most of these men are fourth degree members, but they are a bit cagey about exactly what that entails. i know not everybody on the left is bad. fourth degrees are awarded by getting attacked —— for getting attacked by an antifascist, fighting or getting arrested. not exactly your average drinking thing club. how many times have you been arrested at these rallies? altogether, 18 times. all at these rallies that have happened in portland? yes. all in portland? yes. tusitala toese, known by his nickname tiny, is originally from american samoa. this is my weekend right here. he's one of the group's leaders. his proud boy brothers point to him when they deny they're racist.
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tiny has been arrested for disorderly conduct, harassment and assault. get off! get off now! don't expletive touch me! you ready? yeah. but he claims that the proud boys are simply standing up for "free speech," and antifascists are the real root of the problem. they're being selfish. not everybody in portland agrees with them and if they're trying to build a community, it's a community of masked ninjas that does not follow the law, that does not want a law. accusations of violence go both ways. when they clash, everyone‘s affected. at the protests, a lot of the times, the police will set up a system of barricades to try to keep the protesters separated, or to try to keep it contained to like one area. localjournalist mike bivins covers the right—wing rallies in portland.
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you know, they mean business. this is where it begins, but it's not where it ends. brawls spill out onto the streets. on october 13, patriot prayer called for a protest in downtown portland. they eventually clashed with some antifascist, left—wi ng protesters, outside of kelly's 0lympian. yeah, they really started just kind of beating the crap out of each other once the first punch was thrown. the last time, i didn't even know it was going on until somebody ran in and was choking because they had gotten maced, and then all of a sudden, everyone started choking in the bar and then we went on lockdown.
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portland's democratic mayor tried to pass a law to clamp down on the marches. constitutionally, we cannot prevent people from coming to our city, but we believed there were some pre—emptive steps we could take, limit the rights to firearms, close certain public facilities, require notification, keep different groups separated a reasonable amount of distance so that they could not directly brawl. the law did not pass the council because the lawmakers were worried about restricting free speech. the marches cannot be stopped by the city government, and the antifascists say they will not rely on local police. i carry a gun with me at all times and i will say, i really don't like guns, honestly. when i got out of the military, i had gotten rid of every weapon
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ihad... do you have the gun now? of course. as we're on our way to the barber with luis, i see how easily things can escalate. so this is my neighbourhood. it's a working—class neighbourhood that's starting to be re—gentrified, we see with the mcmansion homes that are going on here to the right... but then luis and his comrades see a man nearby, they think he's watching us, they think he's wearing a hoodie showing the logo of a far—right militia. expletive you and your 3%er expletive. what? expletive your 3%er shirt. your militia's hoodie. your militia hoodie. it's not militia. what is it then? yeah, get the expletive out of here! what just happened ? that man was wearing a 3%er shirt, whether he wants to admit it
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publicly or not. that's a militia. the 3%ers stand with patriot prayer, with nativists and nationalists. i don't want them in my neighbourhood. my personal philosophy is that wherever fascism is, i'm going to be there and i'm going to confront it. the fighting isn't confined to the streets, sometimes it comes home. a person ran up to the tree right there and through a rock through my window. you can see it's a double glass — pane glass window here. prior to that, this year, on st patrick's day, my house was firebombed. dog barking. this had hit the window and fallen down to the side of the house, so it was shooting out flames, like i said, about that big. did the police ever find who was responsible? i don't call the police. i don't call a group of people that are out to harm me to try and protect me.
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both the antifascists and the proud boys say the police are too hard on their side, and too soft on the other. for antifa, even talking to the cops can get you cut off from the group. people aren't lining up to co—operate with us. danielle 0utlaw has been portland's chief of police for less than two years. i get the chief 0utlaw, who's side are you on? right. what are little black girls going to think of you for protecting white supremacists? we enforce laws but we focus on behaviours, and regardless of which side it is, we still have an obligation to protect and to facilitate first amendment rights to free speech, regardless of what's being said. protesters chanting: nazi scum has got to go, hey hey, ho ho! we have convinced rob and luis to exercise their freedom of speech with each other.
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western culture, western culture... they hate each other but they agree to use words, not fists. i just hope they stick to the bargain. what do you hope might come out of that meeting? is anything going to come out of it? nope. i'm trepidatious. i think he's going to attack me. rob on the other hand isn't sure what to expect. i worry that he's going to say something or i'm going to say something that'sjust going to trigger the other one and it'sjust going to go to hell, you know, he might teach me something, i might teach him something, but i never expect to change someone's mind. so you hope to have a connection with him? yeah, everybody should do that. we're still humans. we meet in a cannabis club. they do agree on at least one thing — liberalising america's drug laws is a good idea. i wasn't sure the discussion was going to happen at all — until they both arrived.
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we've hired security, just in case. rob's cat marley is frisked too. the mood is tense as i read out the rules. number one, no violence. hey luis, would you take off your glasses, dog? i'd feel so much more like i'm interacting with you if i could see your eyes, dogs. excuse me. no. luis won't address rob directly. body language says it all. luis, what do you think of rob? i think he's a bigot, i think he's misogynist, i think he's violent towards women, and i think he's a racist. he's obviously ignorant of who i am. you're not those things? well, let's see. you can't be a racist, if you don't subscribe to race.
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rob, what do you think of luis? i think he's violent on the street. we saw what you did, all right? we — just own up to it. ok, so, luis, respond to that. i'm not the one that's been caught on video camera threatening to punch women in the face. i am more qualified than these peaceful guys to know who — what you're about, because i'm a violent man, you know, and you're a violent man, that's how — i see what you do, you see what i do. ijust, from my own eyes, and from my experience as a violent person, i know that you're a violent person. i show them video clips where they're verbally attacking the other side. you're commie scum. give me a good reason. you're commie scum, we're going to burn down your book store. give me a expletive good reason. 0k, we have you recorded that you say you're going to burn
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down our book store. oh my god! you're the ones that are burning books... well, how is that everjustified, to threaten to burn down a book store? i am sojustified in telling those fools i was going to burn down their book store. it's not illegal, is it? i think burning down a book store is probably illegal. is it? i could get — if i could find a way to do it legally, would you guys all like stop hating on me on that? luis, i'm going to show you this. next, it's luis‘s turn. you come find me! you can find me, expletive! so i'm going to ask you the same question, how is that behaviourjustified? that march turned into a personal feud between me and a right—wing journalist, and that in no way is right. so that was a misstep? it was in no way correct. it takes a big man to say so.
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a breakthrough? maybe, but it doesn't last. you've seen the text where he's threatened my girlfriend... threatened her with a good time, that's it, i threatened her with a good time. you've seen the threats. how does this send? proud boys have been told make a video renouncing hate and the proud boys, go away, that's how it ends. you want me to leave my own town? you want us to just walk off a cliff? how do you see this ending? badly. so no meeting of minds, but at least it all went off without a fight, and marley the cat had a good time. hammering.
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luis is back with his fellow antifascists. they wait for nightfall, before dropping their banner on a bridge. portland is a warning about where american politics could lead. one thing is clear — these two groups will keep fighting. hello. we've made it to the end of what has been an extraordinary week of weather. initially it looked like we hadn't broken the uk's all—time temperature record, but in the last 2a hours some new information has come to light — a temperature reading from cambridge university botanic garden of 38.7 degrees on thursday afternoon. now, this still needs to be verified, it needs to be checked by the met office, that will happen
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in the coming days and weeks, but if that temperature stands, that will be a new uk record. but, and i'm sure many people will welcome this, a very different feel this weekend. much cooler weather with some heavy rain in places. that rain could be enough to cause some disruption, because we have this slow—moving weather front draped across the british isles, bringing some rain across the eastern side of the uk during saturday morning. quite a muggy feel, some mist and murk as well. those temperatures as we start the day between 14—17, not quite as warm i suppose as it has been on recent mornings. as we go through the day, this band of cloud and rain really making very little progress, wet weather across the south—east into east anglia, the midlands, parts of northern england and up into scotland. the rain heavy and persistent, perhaps enough to cause some localised flooding, certainly the chance of some travel disruption. to the north—east of scotland, northern ireland, wales and the south—west, either
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side of that system, it's likely to stay dry, with some spells of sunshine, and those temperatures 18—23. on saturday night the front will pivot and move westwards to some extent, but there's uncertainty about exactly how far west that front will get. it could well introduce some rain into northern ireland, but some uncertainty about that. and it is going to be a somewhat fresher night, by no means a chilly night, but 12—15, a little more comfortable for sleeping. so, during sunday, ourweatherfront still wriggling around, still sitting in place. rain perhaps into northern ireland, some hanging around south—west scotland and some rain dangling down into northern england, the midlands. a few showers in the south—east. but again, either side of the front, to the north—east and the south—west, we see a lot of dry weather, some spells of sunshine and those temperatures still in the 20s. as we go into monday, our old weather front still probably sitting across the northern half of the uk, so that will allow some showers to develop. and late in the day,
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an area of low pressure is likely to throw some rain towards the far south—west of england. elsewhere, some sunny spells, a little warmer down to the south but still nothing like it has been. an unsettled start then to next week. it settles down and warms up a bit towards the end of the week, but no return to the heat.
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this is bbc world news, i'm reged ahmad. our top stories: the us supreme court rules on donald trump's border wall — clearing the way to divert military funds to build it. the united states says it's reached an agreement with guatemala to help stem the flow of migrants reaching its southern border. the united nations accuses the world of turning its back on syria — after more than 100 people are killed in just ten days. air strikes kill and maim significant numbers of civilians several times a week and the response seems to be a collective shrug. hundreds of wildfires are burning in the arctic circle — scientists say it's unprecedented as climate change drives temperatures higher. and south african musician johnny clegg is remembered by family, friends and fans at a memorial service in johannesburg.


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