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tv   Click  BBC News  September 5, 2019 3:30am-4:01am BST

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the headlines: there've been dramatic scenes in the british parliament. prime minister borisjohnson has suffered two major defeats. first, mps backed a bill seeking to prevent a no—deal brexit, and then they denied his call for a general election. at least 20 people are known to have been killed after hurricane dorian hit the bahamas. the prime minister, hubert minnis, said parts of the island nation were left decimated. the storm's now heading towards the us state of florida. hong kong's chief executive says she will withdraw a proposal that's led to months of unrest. the extradition bill was the original trigger for anger, but now protest leaders say demonstrations will continue until other demands are met, including direct elections.
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on any other day, wednesday's spending plan would have been the big story at westminster. the chancellor, sajid javid said he's turning the page on austerity as he promised to raise public spending by more than £13 billion next year. extra funding has been announced for schools, defence, and preparing for britain's exit from the european union. our economics correspondent andy verity has been looking at the numbers. the last time spending rose this fast, by more than 4%, was back here in 2004, and the government was in a lot less debt back then. these red bars here show the spending reviews since the financial crisis, when the government's debt shot up. sajid javid argues the interest rates are cheap now, so he can afford to borrow more for extra spending. every single government department has had its budget for day—to—day
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spending increased at least in line with inflation. that's what i mean by the end of austerity, mr speaker — britain's hard work paying off, a country living within its means, able to spend more on the things that matter. they are claiming to be against austerity, after years of voting for it. they are claiming to be using headroom which he knows has largely disappeared. and yet they are still failing to deliver a real end to austerity. while spending on the nhs will rise by £6.2 billion next year, most of that isn't new money. it had already been announced by the previous chancellor, philip hammond. but there is an extra £3 billion for schools and further education, a burst of £2.2 billion for the armed forces, and £750 million for more police. that extra spending is affordable within the government's fiscal rules, but only if a no—deal brexit doesn't happen. now, adding to that uncertainty were figures out today which suggest the services sector barely grew in august, while manufacturing and construction shrank. we don't have the official figures
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yet, but there is a real possibility we may already be in recession, and that could make these spending plans look much less affordable. our economics correspondent andy verity. now on bbc news, it's time for click. this week, another chance to watch our 1000th episode, when we made the bbc‘s first interactive multi—choice tv show. there were flow charts... elephants... flow charts... data... flow charts... and wizards!
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a warm welcome to click. welcome to click. welcome to click, i'm spencer kelly. finally we have reached a very special milestone. we have been on air every week of every year, without a break, since we launched in the year 2000, which means this week you are watching season 1, episode 1000. and to celebrate, we are making a world first. doing new things is in our dna. i am floating on air. which is why we don't just show you the tech, we use the tech to push the boundaries of what's possible on tv. here is the team.
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it is mark on camera one and two, simon on camera three and four, jen on five, nima on six and seven, ben on eight and this is thalia on nine. this was the world's first full tv programme to be filmed and edited only on mobile devices. fyi, it was a nightmare! this week's click has been filmed entirely in 360 degrees. this was another world first, where we reinvented how tv was made, for an audience that could look in any direction at any time. and this week, for click 1000, we've really gone for it! do i explore the cave, or do i look behind the tree? i'll explore the cave. so, turn to page 8a.
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this is how i spent a lot of my childhood, reading books where i could choose my own adventure, where, at every point, i got to decide what happened next, and every time i read it, the story changed. i absolutely loved them. not only was i in a different world, but because i was in charge of the story, that story came to life. it felt so real. come on then, spen. so, after choose your own adventure books came computer adventure games — first with text, and then with amazing graphics. but both would let me explore vast worlds, bigger than any book. the problem is tv doesn't let us do that. it tells one story, it
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makes one set of choices, and we just sit back and watch. until now. i demand freedom! imagine if everything that you watched was interactive, and if you could change your experiences depending on your mood, your desires, or even how much time you had. if you go online at the address that's on—screen now, you will find a special version of this programme that is interactive. you get to choose which tech stories you hear about, and in how much detail. as you watch, you'll be given options to dive deeper, or maybe to look at things from a different perspective, or maybe to skip one entirely. the technology used to make this possible is known as object based media, or 0bm, and it could be the future of how we watch video content. broadcasters have been developing the tech for years now.
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bbc r&d has explored the concept with various online tutorials. the step—by—step nature of 0bm is particularly useful there. netflix has had a dabble with its puss in boots, and, more recently, with charlie brooker‘s interactive bandersnatch. and now, premiering the bbc‘s first 0bm tv show is us. to say it's been a tricky, brain—melting minefield would be an understatement. it's a little bit like trying to pick up ants from space using tweezers, with a blindfold on. these are all the plans that we've made to figure out how we're going to structure this episode. and it's really a bit of a beast. doing 0bm is really not simple because you have to think about the stories in a different way, because people might have watched some bits of the story and not other bits, they might have chosen different paths through the story. i have been told to create 700 million versions.
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it has taken more brainpower than any episode i have ever worked on, and more teamwork, to get the thing out there. trust me, we're not talking to each other at the moment! what does that stand for? wizard. but we couldn't have done it without r&d‘s otherworldly expertise. matthew and his team have been devising an 0bm strategy for the last few years. a couple of years ago, we decided we wanted to kind of transfer this capability to create this stuff. we were busy engineering it, but we didn't have any tools. so, we decided to build a story kit, essentially. their custom—made software can handle hundreds of pieces of content, like video, audio and text, and put them together on the fly, as viewers make their choices. so, it's a tool that is aimed at producers who have no software development skills, so the whole idea was to allow these people to then easily use
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an interface like a drag—and—drop interface like story former, to create those experiences. all in all, we think we have 148 different chunks of video, which, to my mind, makes about a gazillion different paths through the content. there's also tons of footage, and we've used up every hard drive that we have. i suppose it's been keeping me up at night, thinking are we going to get it finished in time? it really has been a challenging process. there's been times when i had to dojust like... but we think, we really think, it's been worth it. putting you in the driving seat will mean, hopefully, you at home can enjoy the show more than ever before. at the core of being able to give you all these choices is the idea of branching narratives, possible options that lead onto the next bit, or reroute you to a part where the story can flow from there. to get advice on how to create our multiple—choice click, i went to meet one of the creators of the fighting fantasy books i grew
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up with, ian livingstone. it involves writing multiple storylines at once. and how i used to do it was create a map, which i kept a record of all the encounters as you went through the adventure. it's giving you a choice like do you want to turn left or right, which is a simple choice, or do you want to try and tiptoe past the sleeping goblin or attack him with your sword. and the choices are quite varied. so, when i'm writing i have to keep a record of where the reader would go. so, if you make this choice, i need to make sure that they can actually get out of there, and then these are all the encounters. they find gold, they find treasure, they find magical items. can i show you our version of an adventure map? this is the layout of this actual interview, which is multichoice. what do you think? minimalist! not too many options, so we should be done in less than four hours. because it can take you days to get through
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a fighting fantasy game book. good luck on your adventure. but with great power comes great responsibility, i mean, do you really want to make decisions about the tv programme and films that you watch? would you rather just sit back and relax? and also, if you want to talk to your friends about what you've seen, but they've seen a different version of the show, you don't have that common ground. and then there's another thing. through interactive experiences, it's possible to keep tabs on viewers' habits, and you may be giving out more information about yourself than you think. here'sjen copestake with more. extrovert or introvert? open to new experiences or more comfortable with tradition? we're using the data we collect while you watch the 0bm to deliver a specific advert to you. the choices you made gave us an idea of your personality. it's certainly not scientific, but when you try it out, see if we were right.
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researchers have worked out that even simple data leaks can give indications about your personality, with just 75 facebook likes being as illuminating as asking a work colleague about you. and with 300 likes, they can be as accurate as asking your partner. you can infer some very private stuff even from this data that you think is not too meaningful. people's personality, people's intelligence, poeple's political views, religious views, sexuality, really private stuff, just because you like camping and a few other things. of course, we all recognise when facebook, google or instagram do this, showing adverts tailored to our online behaviour. this can be good if you're looking for a specific item, but can also be a bit unnerving. people often say online advertising is creepy, so you are talking to a friend, then later on you see an advertisement for the same thing
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you were talking about. it mightjust be that you were talking to your friend, but then the fact you are talking to someone else, they may search for something, and then suddenly you are seeing an advert for something that they're interested in. they infer you are friends and therefore probably have similar interests. if all this creeps you out a bit, we had a look to see some of the tools online that may help obscure your data trail. first up, you might want to get rid of the cookies stored on your browser. these store personal data like your login, emailaddress and what is in your shopping basket. clear the cookies from your web browser using the appropriate menu. in chrome, it is in the history settings. in safari, look in preferences and privacy to block all cookies or manage which ones have access. cookies aren't the end of the problem. other types of trackers can still follow you around. some ad—blockers and anti—tracking tools can show you who's watching. privacy badger from the electronic frontier foundation is free to add to your browser.
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it shows you which domains are following your online movements and lets you choose which ones to allow or block. ghostery flags more spying eyes. other services will help you stay on top of trackers, for a price. has a free basic service for desktop as well as smartphone apps. for $50 a year, you can get a full vpn and tracker protection for three devices. still, even with all these tools, you may not be completely private or untracked. have a look at who tracks me. it shows some popular entertainment and news sites are crawling with unseen trackers. if, like more than 60% of us, you use chrome, it won't be easy to stop google keeping tabs on you. however, an alternative like mozilla's firefox is privacy focused. when you install firefox, you see the privacy settings it offers straight away. firefox is also the only major
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open source browser, which means anyone can check its code, making it more trustworthy. finally, there are some more whimsical ways you can try and obscure your data. the go random plug—in lets you confuse facebook‘s snoopers, randomising your emoji reactions, preventing their ability to build a personality data profile. be warned — this might get you in trouble if you end up laughing at something awkward! another tool designed by ben grosser is the demetricator. the demetricator hides the like counters on twitter and facebook so you aren't giving out data or being influenced by what others are liking. instagram made its own version of this too. that wasjen. so, how might algorithms change what you watch in the future on tv, based on your personal data? well, to simulate this, we have taken dan simmons' report on tech in malawi and tailored it for a viewer who we know is interested in inventions and the environment, but who likes watching shorter reports.
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this could be the result. with an average income ofjust a few dollars a day, this part of the world is known as one of the poorest on the planet. what's less well known is how quickly malawi's two main cities, the capital, lilongwe, and the commercial centre, here in blantyre, are expanding, as are their horizons. malawi has a lot more high tech than you might think going on. do you want to know more? well, how long have you got? researchers are developing artificial intelligence, creating smart homes, predicting health problems and making old computers work again for the whole continent. in some ways, malawi's cities look and feel like many others. there are plenty of shops and services, new buildings are going up but, importantly, there is a real need here for more simple tech that makes life better without the need for power.
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only a fraction of the country is actually on the power grid and even those who have it, well, historically, it's been unreliable. demand far outstrips supply. and it gets hot here as well in the summer — between 30 and 35, even now, at a cooler time of year, it gets up to the mid 20s. i'm on my way to meet a very cool inventor who specialises in sustainable tech. hey, adis. hi, dan. hi. thanks for having us over. nice workshop! anaele iroh, or adis, as he's better known, leads a team of half a dozen or so at his home in blantyre. all sorts of things are being hacked together here. it's a mash—up of ideas. this skeleton car will be on the road next month, i'm told, powered in part by steam. this tin can electric car uses phone id for security. and that's just one sim card that that works with? even adis's pottery wheel
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helps power things up. so, has anybody before called you a mad professor, with all of this stuff? well, yes, i've gotten quite used to that! in the heat of the day, i've come to see a prototype adis is particularly proud of. well, this is the zero electric climate control system. the main thing here is what i call the cooling element where it takes water and it presents it to the environment, right? so the heat and the environment help it evaporate. that process cools things down. it sounds very simple, but there is a bit more to it than that, isn't there? here, we have formulated materials that already are folded up so tightly that they shrink a large amount of space
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into a very small space, right? at nano scale. when we put water into it, that water can be spread out and it can use up heat more efficiently to close it. what sort of results have you found by putting this prototype into various situations? well, my neighbour here, for example, has one unit that he is using for the whole building. so, he had found that on one side of the building, he had 28 degrees centigrade, and on the side of the building where one of these climate control systems was installed, he had 25 degrees centigrade. right. time to test our water climate cooler. so, did the invention work? that's the question. well, you can find out by watching the click 0bm show online and choosing to watch dan's piece. of course, there are many more adventures
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waiting for you there too. we are really proud of our interactive programme and we would love you to stop by and choose your own path through it. the address is on screen now — we think it's a fitting way to celebrate our anniversary. there is another way too, of course, and that is to crack open the archive, look at the silly old tech and try and ignore the haircuts! hello. i'm stephen cole. a warm welcome to click online, the first of a new series for all those interested in new technology and the internet. in april 2000, the bbc decided to explore the exciting new world of the dot—com bubble! and, in a spectacular piece of timing, click online went on air just as it burst. as online dog walkers and wine tasting services tumbled around our ears, the programme went looking
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for the next big thing. i told you i could do it. we didn't always find it... 0h—oh, i forgot to change the batteries! ..but every so often, we backed a winner. gmail is a free email service. is as simple as it gets. it's called bluetooth. the device, with some never—before—seen features, has been billed as nothing short of revolutionary. we have met all sorts of amazing characters on our travels. it's me, mario! and i mean all sorts. la, la, la, la, la—la! hey! we pushed tech to its limits. 0h! sometimes we pushed it too far. we are going to build an artificial intelligence. and sometimes, it pushed back. they came here on a sort of gold rush, promised riches from waste
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that's slowly poisoning them. right now, over 20,000 compromised personal computers are under our control. it's been a pretty intense experience, but the thing that it has really left me with is i want to hold onto my data. over the past 19 years, we have built it. we have flown it. we have ridden it. we've broken it! we've worn it. even the electric shorts! wow! and we've played it. and, boy, have we played it! we've gone live. we've seen the very highest tech... this is a bit spiritual, really. ..and the lowest! over 1,000 shows, it's been
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an enormous privilege for all of us to bring all of you the tech that's changed the world. refreshing! or not. come on, percy. yeah, it certainly feels like we've seen it all, but i have a suspicion that there is
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much, much more to come! on behalf of everyone who has worked on this programme over the years — and there have been many — thank you. thank you for watching and we will see you next time. hi there. many northern areas were quite chilly on wednesday. it was a very windy day, gusts of 50, close to 60 mph across the north and west of the uk. but today, it's not looking that bad. pressure is building so fewer showers around although it will be
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quite breezy it will be less windy than what we had on wednesday. there's wednesday's low, slowly pushing off to scandinavia, high pressure building in the south—west. you'll notice the isobars are still close together across the north—west and a warm front moving. that will introduce thicker cloud with showery bursts of rain for scotland and northern ireland and that will spread its way southwards as it fizzles out into the rest of scotland and northern england, perhaps the midlands. but it will introduce something a little less cold into the north—west corner of the country, so we'll see 15—17 degrees here, but elsewhere plenty of sunshine, highs around 18 to maybe 20 degrees. so that's how thursday is looking. through thursday night, high pressure continues to bring dry weather for england and wales where we see the weather system pushing into the north—west, a band of rain slowly spilling its way south—eastwards. it will also turn fairly breezy and even windy once again. as the temperatures range between 9 and 12 degrees to start friday morning. area of low pressure, then, to the north of the uk will introduce this band of rain which will continue to spread its way into
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central and southern areas as friday wears on. behind it, blustery showers, but also some sunny spells. so a rather cloudy day, i think, for much of england and wales. outbreaks of rain which, will eventually become confined to more southern counties of england by the end of the afternoon. elsewhere it could be quite bright, as some good sunny spells, a few blustery showers in the north—west, and those temperatures still below the seasonal average, 14—18 degrees. that cold front slips its way southwards into the near continent. it'll be quite a chilly start to saturday, but high pressure builds in again, not just for saturday but also for sunday, so we could be looking at quite a bit of dry and sunny weather for the weekend. saturday still quite breezy down the east coast as that low pressure clears away, maybe just one or two showers. but for most, it's dry, with lengthy sunny spells and a little bit of cloud building in the north and west. and on the fairly cool side in the north, 14—16 degrees, 18 or 19 in the south. there's a chilly start to sunday, as well, under those clear skies, but high pressure again
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dominating the scene for most. weather fronts trying to push into the north—west on sunday could introduce more cloud to the hebrides, the northern isles, maybe northern ireland. but for much of the country again, lighter winds, thanks to high pressure, sunny spells and a little bit of cloud, and those temperatures range from 15—18 degrees.
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this is bbc news. welcome if you're watching here in the uk, on pbs in america or around the globe. i'm duncan golestani. our top stories: a double defeat for downing street. mps back a bill to prevent a no—deal brexit and then block borisjohnson's bid for a snap election. as the road to brexit becomes even more uncertain, we'll try to shed some light on the way forward for westminster. officials in the bahamas say hurricane dorian took the lives of at least 20 people, and has left thousands of survivors homeless. total devastation. there is nothing left
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in most of marsh harbour.


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