welcome to newsday. i'm kasia madera in london. the headlines: another twist in the brexit drama. mps demand the immediate recall of parliament after scottish judges rule the prime minister acted unlawfully when he suspended it. the advice given by the government to her majesty the queen to prorogue parliament from the 9th of september to the 14th of october was unlawful, and that therefore the prorogation itself is unlawful. toxic smog from forest fires in indonesia are spreading to neighbouring countries causing health issues. i'm mariko oi in singapore. also in the programme: president trump says he may ban flavoured e—cigarettes in the us after six people are
believed to have died. so near, yet so far have astronomers really discovered a planet in another solar system with the ingredients for life? announcer: live from our studios in london and singapore. this is bbc world news. it's newsday. hello and welcome to the programme. it's 8am in singapore and 1am in the morning here in london, where mps are demanding the immediate recall of parliament. it follows scotland's highest civil court ruling that the british prime minister borisjohnson‘s advice to suspend parliament misled the queen and was unlawful. the british government insists its actions are legal
and is waiting until its own appeal is heard in the uk's supreme court, early next week. all this as ministers published details of their contingency plans in case the uk leaves the european union without a deal. we'll have more on that later, first here's our uk political editor, laura kuenssberg, on the court ruling. judgment day. in scotland's court of session, a clear verdict on borisjohnson. each opinion expresses the view that the advice given by the government to her majesty the queen to prorogue parliament from 9th september to 14th october was unlawful and that, therefore, the prorogation itself is unlawful. in plain language, thejudges concluded number 10 broke the law by telling the queen they wanted to suspend parliament for a break before unveiling their plans for government. the court did not specifically order the government to open up the commons.
but some mps who had packed upjust yesterday rushed back to demand it gets going again, taking their places in protest on the green benches in the empty chamber, with an impromptu rally at the doors. we have shown in the last 10 days that we are prepared to work together across parties in the national interest, and our resolve remains absolutely firm that we will do that. labour, too, is pressing the prime ministerfor a return. whatever happens next week, we will continue to press for parliament to be recalled, so that we can question the prime minister. hang on, though. scottish law is different to english law, and the high court in london reached the opposite conclusion in a similar case brought by the businesswoman gina millerjust days ago, deciding the prime minister's decision to close the commons was actually none of the court's business. number 10 will appeal. a final verdict will be given by the uk supreme court next tuesday. but this is as extraordinary as it is serious.
the prime minister's actions are found to have been against the law, downing street ruled to have misled the queen. less than two months into office, borisjohnson has hurtled into a genuine constitutional clash. number 10 denied they'd suggested the scottish judges had been somehow biased and, for now, cabinet ministers are reluctant to be drawn into the tangle. i'm not going to comment on an ongoing legislative process. it's a judicial issue, and no doubt it will be appealed at the supreme court. government insiders are curiously relaxed about the ruling and some mps and ministers reckon they'll still have many of the public on their side. the government have acted legally, constitutionally and in normality. farcical! absolutely and completely, not for the government, for the whole place, you know. the fact of the matter is the people said, "we want to leave the european union" and this place says, "we don't." that frustration is what downing street's banking on.
a serious and important defeat in court for them today, but it seems lining up to take on parliament is almost part of their ruthless approach. laura kuenssberg, bbc news, westminster. let's take a look at some of the day's other news. donald trump says he wants to ban flavoured e—cigarettes after a series of vaping related deaths across the us. six people are known to have died, and there have been more than a50 cases of respiratory illness linked to the practise. the president said he was particularly concerned about the potential effects on children. vaping has become a very big business, as i understand it. like, a giant business in a very short period of time. but we can't allow people to get sick, and we can't allow our youth to be so affected. we'll have more on that story later in the programme. mr trump has also been talking about who'll replace john bolton
as his national security advisor. he told reporters that five very qualified people were under consideration. mr trump also gave more details as to why mr bolton had to go. one of the reasons was offence caused by the former advisor to the north korean leader kim jong—un. 10 days after hurricane dorian started causing devastation across the bahamas, officials say 2,500 thousand people have been registered as missing. they say the names are now being checked against government records of evacuees and those staying in shelters. a high court injapan has upheld a ruling to compensate 22,000 people living near a us air base on the island of okinawa, after finding they suffered from aircraft noise. the japanese government is required to pay them $240 million. memorials have been held in the us to mark the 18th anniversary of the 9/11 attacks.
a moment of silence was held at several locations, including the site of the attack in new york and the pentagon. nearly 3,000 people were killed and thousands more were injured when hijacked planes were flown into buildings. let's go back to brexit. as well as scotland's highest civil court ruling that the prime minister, borisjohnson, acted unlawfully when he suspended the british parliament. we've also had the publication of a government document which outlines the worst case scenario if the uk were to leave the eu without a deal. our political correspondent chris mason explains what the yellowhammer document is. here are the pages released by the british government tonight. and i think what's really striking about it is that,
yes, they set out those pretty grim situations that they are not predicting, but that they are imagining as a worst—case scenario. but i think the most striking thing of all is that this is a situation that the uk government could volunteer for its citizens to be in injust a matter of a few weeks‘ time. now, governments around the world do this kind of worst—case scenario planning for all sorts of things. often for natural disasters or terrorist attacks and that kind of thing, but in those instances the government might be criticised for a not particularly adequate response, but they'll always be able to say, "look, we're dealing with a situation we bring about ourselves." in this situation, the government would be in a scenario where its opponents would be able to say, "you chose this option over something that, economically at least, would be benign, as politically awkward as it might
be as the uk is in this almighty knot about whether it leave the eu and if it does, how it goes about doing it. yes, as you say, talks about food supply issues, food costs going up, in some potentially isolated cases about water purification. massive issues for gibraltar, the uk overseas territory of the south coast of spain. spain, of course, a member of the european union. the social care market, something you wouldn't necessarily think would affected by the whole business of the uk relationship with its nearest neighbours. this document says there could be rain failure of some providers of social care because of inflation after a no—deal brexit pushing up staffing costs and forcing some care homes out of business. so, while this document, the government will say, is a worst—case scenario and a version of it was leaked just a couple of weeks ago, seeing it in the cold light of day at this stage in the political cycle in the uk, with things running in such a high octane way, could make it hard for the prime minister, borisjohnson, to continue to make
the argument that he's willing to entertain the idea of a no—deal brexit in just a few weeks‘ time. chris, you touch upon the one that was leaked previously, this one is described in the title as worst—case. is there a question mark over the original one that was leaked and the title was then, because there is a bit of a discrepancy on social media. rosamund urwin, the reporter for the sunday times newspaper in the uk, that got hold of this leak last month, she makes the argument that the documents are pretty much identical, save for their badging, they're titling, where her document was described as a base scenario. now, my understanding of civil servant speak is that that means a kind of middle case scenario on the worry—o—meter,
where one is don't worry and the other is doom and gloom, this is in the middle, but this document is described as a reasonable worst—case scenario, down near the doom—laden area of the spectrum. talking to sources in government, it is possible there were two variations of a document circulating, of which she got hold of one and now this is another. but it's allowing critics and certainly to say, "hang on, there's questions to answer here from the government about the extent to which this really is the worst—case scenario. and of course plenty of those critics in the government are saying the most obvious avenue in conventional times for scrutinising the government is parliament, but parliament has been suspended, much to the anger of opposition parties, and something the scottish court of session sees as unlawful. forest fires in indonesia are causing toxic smogs which is spreading to neighbouring countries. the fires have raged across the indonesian regions of sumatra, borneo and kalimantan in recent weeks. authorities have closed schools
and issued masks to residents faced with a dense haze. hospitals have been inundated with people complaining of respiratory issues. earlier, i asked dr helena varkkey, a senior lecturer at the department of international and strategic studies at the university of malaya in kuala lumpur, whether this year's fires have been worse then previously. yes, thank you. this year is quite bad compared to previous years because we are having a moderate el nino season, which is causing a dry situation and less rain, and we also have a south—west monsoon, blowing the winds across the straits to malaysia as well. can you put into some perspective how muchjungle and ra i nfo rest some perspective how muchjungle and ra i nforest is some perspective how muchjungle and rainforest is at risk? at the moment, the people are saying there's about an area of two—thirds of singapore being burnt. that's about 42,000 hectares. and the hotspots are around 400 in sumatra and around 200 plus in kalimantan.
obviously locals in indonesia being affected but also neighbouring countries, including here in singapore, as well as malaysia? yeah. so malaysia is suffering from quite bad haze at the moment. penang is about 200 over epi, which is considered moderately dangerous. as we said, this happens every year. what can be done to stop these fires from happening in the first place? basically, the problem is with areas that are dried up and drained for agriculture. so these areas are very fire prone, especially if they are not on a peat bed. because of the dry season, the water level drops even more, and this is when fire happens and fire becomes a very huge problem because of the nature of the soil, which is very carbon rich.
when these fires have been there underground, they basically burn the soil and the carbon rich soil burns very and very dense smoke. this smoke is the kind of smoke that doesn't disappear easily and it will travel across very far distances. this is why you get a whole regional problem. in your view is indonesia doing enough to tackle the problem and can there be any more international pressure? definitely the indonesian government is doing quite a bit. they have mobilised thousands of firemen and volunteers all over the place. however, thousands of firemen and volunteers all overthe place. however, in terms of the speed of this response, pete fires are the case where if you don't address it, the problem is going to grow much bigger much more quickly and will be harder to put out. this is where international assistance would be very useful but the problem is indonesia has been quite slow in accepting international assistance. for now, malaysia has landed by but they haven't officially accepted
assistance yet. the delay on the attempt to deal with this is causing attempt to deal with this is causing a bigger problem than... doctor kalimantan speaking to me earlier. —— doctor helena varkkey. you're watching newsday on the bbc. still to come on the programme: after six deaths in the us, president trump announces that his administration intends to ban flavoured e—cigarettes. also on the programme: the lengths some will go to get away from it all — extreme deep sea diving. george w bush: freedom itself was attacked this morning, and freedom will be defended. the united states will hunt down and punish those responsible. bishop tutu now becomes spiritual leader of 100,000 anglicans here, of the blacks in soweto township, as well as the whites in their rich suburbs. we say to you today in a loud
and a clear voice "enough of blood and tears. enough!" translation: the difficult decision we reached together was one that required great and exceptional courage. it's an exodus of up to 60,000 people caused by the uneven pace of political change in eastern europe. iam free! this is newsday on the bbc. i'm mariko oi in singapore. i'm kasia madera in london. our top stories: opposition mps in britain demand parliament is recalled, after scotland's highest civil court ruled that its suspension was unlawful.
forest fires in indonesia are causing toxic smogs that's spreading to neighbouring countries and leading to a spike in respitory problems. let's take a look at some front pages from around the world. obviously brexit dominates the british newspapers here, the times reports on the fallout from a scottish court's ruling that the suspension of parliament is unlawful. prime minister borisjohnson has rejected demands to publish private messages relating to the suspension following the court's decision. there is much more on our website. the south china morning post and the decision by hong kong airline cathay pacific to cut capacity after a significant fall in passenger numbers. that's amid the ongoing and often violent protests in the territory, which are also affecting tourism and retail businesses. and in thejapan times,
speculation on who will eventually suceed prime minister shinzo abe is absolutely rife after he reshuffled his cabinet for the seventh time on wednesday. many eyes are now falling on this man, shinjiro koizumi, who has been appointed the new environment minister. if the name rings a bell, he is the son of former prime ministerjunichiro koizumi. let's return to president trump's intention to ban flavoured e—cigarettes. i've been speaking to our correspondent in washington, david willis, about how the annoucement came about. this is thought to stem actually from the first lady, melania trump, who has been putting pressure on her husband, president trump, she is concerned for the future of their teenage son barron. because they have proven very popular, these e—cigarettes with young people, in fact.
let me give you some statistics on that. today the us health and human services secretary, alex azar, said there are currently 8 million adults using e—cigarettes and 5 million children using them. now, these are alarming figures. the trump administration believes that because the use of these flavoured vapes are basically an on—ramp for cigarette consumption for very young people. so hence they are going to ban these substances while allowing tobacco vapes to remain in circulation, at least for the time being, anyway. and michigan is already ahead of the game, the first us state to ban these things?
yes, in fact, a number of other provinces and areas have already taken action ahead of the federal government itself. but this is not going down well with everybody. it has to be said there is a group called the american vaping association, it's a nonprofit advocacy group, and it contends the problem here is not with vaping per se, but with the use of illicit substances in these vapes and it contends this is putting politics ahead of health. astronomers have discovered water in the atmosphere of what they believe coud be a habitable planet orbiting a distant star. and as our science correspondent pallab ghosh reports, they could soon have the technology to find there's also life there. the night sky is littered with stars. around them are planets. could some of them be like the earth? scientists think that this one, which is 650 million million miles away, has the potential to support life. astronomers have discovered more than 4,000 planets
orbiting distant stars. the new one is about the right distance from its sun to be able to support life. its temperature is between 0—40 celsius. it's around twice the size of our own earth and it has an atmosphere that we now know contains water. so, the big question is whether there really are living organisms on this world. light from the planet's sun filters through its atmosphere, before it reaches the earth. that light contains a faint imprint of the chemicals in it. in this case, up to half of it is made up of water. detailed analysis of the starlight, published in the journal nature astronomy, shows this peak, where the light has been absorbed by water vapour. all of a sudden, we have the possibility in the next decade to understand what is the nature of this world, how they formed, how they evolved and, in some cases,
whether they can support life. i think it's just mind—blowing. telescopes are becoming increasingly powerful. soon, they'll be able to detect gases in the atmospheres of distant planets that could only be produced by living organisms. within the next ten years or so, we will know whether there are biomarkers or chemicals that are due to life in these atmospheres. scientists hope to discover, possibly quite soon, whether life is unique to earth or teeming on worlds across oui’ galaxy. pallab ghosh, bbc news. from the outer heavens to the deepest oceans. could this be the ultimate way of escaping the hustle and bustle of city life? michael lazaro works as a doctor in manila but in his spare time, he's a freediver, an extreme sport where people go deep under water without breathing equipment. here's his story.
mariko, ido mariko, i do not think that is for me. you have been watching newsday above ground. i'm kasia madera in london. and i'm mariko oi in singapore. stay with us. i'll be back with business news, and in the past hour, donald trump tweeting he will delay imposing ta riffs tweeting he will delay imposing tariffs on china after then accepting some of their products.
more of that in asia business report, coming up. and just time to tell you, that it's mission over for a robot called fedor which russia blasted to the international space station, because he just not up to the job. it had been hoped the human—shaped machine would replace astronauts on dangerous spacewalks. but it turns out its legs were not suited to the work. hello. just wanting to bring you right up—to—date with how we see the weather panning out across the british isles for the next few days. wednesday was a slow start across southern parts. in fact, that same weather front links back to another area of cloud and rain in the heart of the atlantic. that's an area of low pressure that started life way down across the mid—atlantic, so it's bringing mild, moisture—laden air across the british isles and feeling really quite humid. to the south of the weather front, in the heart of that system, the cloud at its thickest so rain from the word go for parts of northern ireland, getting into scotland, eventually across the border into the far north of england. following on behind, somewhat brightest skies
to the south of that weather front, quite a bit of cloud around, for sure, and some of it, really quite low in the atmosphere across the south—west on what is going to be quite a blustery day. but those mild, moist air are coming in from the south—west, not a cold direction by any means at all. and you'll find temperatures pushing on towards 23—24 degrees somewhere across east anglia and the south—east, just that wee bit bit fresher further to north. but all the while, once that weather front is pushed away, despite the fact skies begin to clear, it will be a slightly fresher night with temperatures down in single figures across the north, but where you keep the cloud in the south, 12, 13, or 14 degrees as the starting mark for friday. friday sees an area of high pressure building in behind that weather front as it moves in towards the near continent, and in that circulation, at this stage, the air is fairly fresh, it has to be said. so, friday is a dry, fine day for the most part, enough cloud for the odd passing
shower across the north and north—west of scotland, but many areas dry. and despite the presence of the sunshine, well, is not the warmest of days over the next few days. you'll see the top temperature there in the south at around about 20 degrees, but as we move from friday on towards the weekend, the centre of that high moves a little bit further towards the east. so we then begin to tap into those mild airs again coming from way down in the atlantic. and for the greater part for southern scotland, england and wales, and for a time, northern ireland, it's going to be dry, fine and sunny. and certainly a warmer day for many, the notable exception is that front across the northern and western parts of scotland which becomes this weakening band of weather, robbing some areas of their sunshine as we move into sunday. still, many areas will be dry but that cloud could give the odd spot of rain to the south it where the temperatures are again rising to about the mid—20s.
i'm kasia madera with bbc world news. our top story: the british government says it will appeal against a court ruling that it acted unlawfully when it suspended parliament earlier this week. scotland's high court ruled that borisjohnson‘s action was unlawful because his intention was to prevent parliament from doing itsjob ahead of brexit. forest fires in indonesia are causing toxic smogs which is spreading to neighbouring countries. hospitals in the region have been inundated with people complaining of respiratory issues. the discovery of a planet which appears to have water in its atmosphere has got a lot of attention online. scientist have called the planet k2—18b. it's around 110 light years away and it's being described as the most likely place ever discovered to find life away from earth. that's all. stay with bbc world news. exciting stuff!