welcome to newsday on the bbc. i'm mariko oi in singapore. the headlines this hour: as world leaders gather for the climate change summit, the un boss says governments must end their subsidies forfossilfuels. we are losing taxpayers‘ money — our money — to boost hurricanes, to melt glaciers, to destroy corals. does the falling cost of wind power hold the answer? we meet the danish pioneers who believes it will transform the world. and i'm kasia madera in london. also in the programme: as the second victim of the london bridge attack is named, more details emerge of friday's events. and malta's prime ministerjoseph muscat says he will resign, following mass protests over
the murder of an anti—corruption journalist. voiceover: live from our studios in singapore and london, this is bbc world news. it's newsday. good morning. it's 9am in singapore, 1am in london, and 2am in madrid, where the un secretary—general has told the bbc governments need to stop subsidising fossil fuel industries. representatives from dozens of governments are meeting in madrid for a two—week climate summit which starts on monday. antonio guterres said government support for fossil fuel industries means that taxpayers‘ money is effectively melting glaciers and strengthening hurricanes. our science editor david shukman reports. years of drought across huge areas of africa have resulted in these
scenes in zimbabwe. and scientists say it's a glimpse of far worse to come as the world gets hotter, putting millions of people under pressure. it's the gases blasted into the air by power stations and industries that are raising temperatures. and despite all the warnings over decades, the world keeps adding more. mr guterres, david shukman, bbc news. we have the bilingual... and when i met the head of the united nations, antonio guterres, he was unusually outspoken about how the trends are going in the wrong direction. this is why we need to put a lot of pressure in order to increase ambition, and in order to reverse the present trend, in which, unfortunately, climate change is running faster than what we are and with the risk at a relatively short amount of time to become irreversible, that we will not be able to contain the temperature rise. his big worry is that huge investments are still being made in fossilfuel. china is one of many countries
expanding its use of coal. mr guterres has appealed for this to stop. is there any sign of that happening? not — as i said, emissions are still growing, that's why i'm worried. over the weekend in germany, protesters invaded a coal mine. in many countries, governments support their most polluting industries. the un secretary—general says that make the impacts of climate change even more damaging. it's time to stop subsidies to fossil fuels. because what is dramatic is that we are using taxpayers‘ money — our money — to boost hurricanes, to melt glaciers, to destroy corals, to create all the negative impacts of climate change. he was speaking amid final preparations for un climate summit here in madrid. there will be some tough negotiations. it‘s really striking that the head of the un is being so blunt with the governments meeting here.
saying that whatever they say about their efforts to tackle climate change, many of them, by supporting fuels like coal and oil, are actually making things worse. david shukman, bbc news in madrid. and later in the programme, we‘ll have the latest instalment in our climate defenders series which profiles people leading the battle against climate change. this week, we‘ll be looking at the danish inventor trying to drive down the cost of wind power. that is coming up shortly. let‘s take a look at some of the day‘s other news. police in hong kong have used tear gas against thousands of pro—democracy protestors. they‘d taken to the streets to keep up pressure on the pro—beijing authorities, with three rallies celebrating the success of democracy candidates in local elections a week ago. also making news today: protesters in iraq have set fire to the iranian consulate in the southern city of najaf for the second time in a
week. anger at iran‘s dominant influence in iraq has helped fuel the protests in iraq, now entering their third month. the violence has intensified in the past week in several southern cities as security forces continue to use live ammunition and tear gas. chinese social media users have voiced their concerns about the privacy implications of a new law requiring mobile phone owners to have their faces scanned when registering a new device. authorities say the new law, which came into effect on sunday, seeks to verify the identities of the country‘s hundreds of millions of internet users. but many weibo users suggested the law will increase state censorship. residents of venice have voted on whether to split administratively from its neighbouring city on the italian mainland. supporters say venice needs its own administration to tackle rising sea levels, mass tourism and failures to build flood defences.
however, the poll requires a 50% turnout for the result to be valid, which may not have been reached. in football, freddie ljungberg drew his first game as interim manager of arsenal after the gunners twice came from behind to take a point away at norwich, with the match ending 2—2. after the game, ljungberg said that arsenal can still make the top four and secure a place in the champions league. the former arsenal midfielder took charge after unai emery was sacked last week. british police have named the second victim of the knife attack on london bridge on friday. saskia jones was a 23—year—old cambridge university graduate. she and the other victim, jack merritt, were both involved in a programme aimed at rehabilitating criminals and people convicted of
terrorism. the attacker, usman khan, who was later shot dead by the police, was a convicted terrorist, who‘d served eight years of a 16—yearjail sentence. our home affairs correspondent daniel sandford reports. saskia jones, 23 years old, a cambridge graduate who wanted tojoin the police. herfamily said she had a passion for helping victims of injustice and would leave a void in their lives. today, she was named as the second person murdered in friday‘s attack. friends remembering a determined young woman. she would‘ve stood her ground, which breaks my heart even more because she would have stood up for herself, which, i dread to think what would have happened, to be honest. so, it‘s not — it‘s not fair. this world has changed. and a 23—year—old girl dying like that, it should never have happen. it should never come to that. man: where's he going, then? running awayjust after killing saskia, usman khan on london bridge, pursued in an astonishing act of bravery by a
man armed with a fire extinguisher and another wielding the tusk of a narwahl, an arctic whale. he‘s brought to the ground and held before armed officers arrive and realise he‘s wearing what looks like a suicide vest. bomb! what? what is going on? get back! he's got a bomb? oh— oi! they shoot him dead. today, toby williamson, who runs the venue where the attack took place, was at the scene and told the bbc about the bravery of his staff, who had been assisting at this conference when the bloodshed began. this is an extraordinary things happening, done by ordinary people. let me just bounce you round. in rece tion ou‘ve got dawn and gareth — one trying to keep that door closed against a vicious knifeman, the other calmly placing
the emergency calls. and then famously, you get andy and lukasz starting a fightback. they used fire extinguishers, they used chairs, they used these narwhal tusks ripped off the wall in the heat of the moment and they took the game back to the knifeman. usman khan also stabbed jack merritt, another cambridge university graduate specialising in helping prisoners to reform. khan was one of the people he‘d assisted after his release from an 8—year prison sentence for plotting terrorism, but he turned onjack merritt and killed him. this afternoon, some of jack‘s friends came to london bridge to mourn him, and the head of cambridge university paid him this tribute. well, we‘re devastated. i metjack only once but i must say that he impressed me as a person of tremendous charm but also extraordinary commitment. he really believed that the work that learning together is doing is fundamental for the future of our society. fishmongers‘ hall remains closed,
a crime scene being pored over by counterterrorism detectives. because, although there won‘t be a trial, there will be a detailed inquest into the deaths of those who were killed here on friday afternoon. the investigation continued into the night. police gathering every piece of evidence to help the families of two young people understand exactly how they came to be killed. daniel sandford, bbc news, london bridge. well, we‘ve heard in the last hour that london bridge has now reopened to traffic and pedestrians. i‘ve been speaking to katherine forster of the sunday times. she told us how the attack at london bridge was being debated by political parties, as britain heads towards a general election. jack merritt, the first victim was identified, his father had tweeted "please
don‘t politicise this." an later deleted, but it has been almost immediately politicised. and there is a sort of deja vu feeling because had a terrible london bridge — a terrorist atrocity only on the third ofjune 2017, then onjune the eighth was the election. and again than, very quickly the issue of austerity and police cuts came to the fore with labour trying to beat the tories over the head with that. and now again labour are saying ‘this is austerity, this is cuts to the prison service, they don‘t have the resources.‘ certainly there have been huge cuts to the prison service, i mean, really very substantial cuts which must have had an effect, but this particular terrorist, who had apparently been reformed, i mean, it‘sjust heartbreaking. these two victims and three people in hospital, jack merritt had
apparently worked with him when he had been in a high security prison and then actually saved — some of this started a ten kilometre run for a computerfor him when he left and he was held up as a shining example of what can be achieved. this is how they have been repaid. i think there are going to be huge amounts of political mudslinging going back and forth. but i would just say obviously there‘s a lot of focus on austerity, borisjohnson‘s very keen to say i have only been prime minister for 120 days, he‘s sort of hoping we will all forget that the conservatives have been in charge for a decade. so he‘s very keen to try and distance himself from that and say we‘re going to be much tougher on crime, much tougher on crime. but also, i don‘t think labour can hold their heads high on this either because there are lots of surveys saying the public, a lot of the public, a very, very worried about the idea
ofjeremy corbyn being in downing street because he has after of sided with a number of terrorist organisations over the years, the ira, hamas, you know, the list goes on. he‘s sided with a lot of our enemies, lots of people will say. he‘s not to keep british people safe by quite a lot of the voting public, i would say. that was katherine forster from the sunday times speaking to kasia madera a little earlier. you‘re watching newsday on the bbc. still to come on the programme: former wales rugby captain gareth thomas talks to prince harry in an interview to mark world aids day. it‘s quite clear that the worst victims of this disaster are the poor people living in the slums which have sprung up
around the factory. this i am feeling so helpless, that the childrens are dying in front of me and i can‘t do anything. charles manson is the mystical leader of the hippie cult suspected of killing sharon tate and at least six other people in los angeles. at 11am this morning, just half a metre of rock separated britain from continental europe. it took the drills just a few moments to cut through the final obstacle. then philippe cozette, a minerfrom calais, was shaking hands with and exchanging flags with robert fagg, his opposite number from dover. this is newsday on the bbc.
i‘m mariko oi in singapore. i‘m kasia madeira in london. our top stories: with the global climate change summit about to get under way, the un secretary—general has told the bbc governments need to stop subsidising fossil fuel industries. a political row has broken out in britain over why the perpetrator of the london bridge attack had been released early from prison. let‘s take a look at some front pages from around the world. hong kong‘s south china morning post is leading with more details on the return of violent protests after almost two weeks of relative calm. tens of thousands returned to hong kong‘s streets, but peaceful protests rapidly turned into another stand—off with police. the philippine star has a wrap of the opening day
of the south—east asia games taking place across the country. the philippines had an impressive day winning 43 medals — 22 of them gold — to lead the medals tally. and the japan times previews the un‘s annual climate conference in madrid. the paper says tokyo has faced heavy criticism for sticking with fossil fuels, but the government hopes to use the conference to promote its cutting—edge environmental technologies. as we‘ve been reporting, the summit kicks off on monday. lets keep the focus on climate change. earlier we heard that stark message from the un secretary general, about the devastating impact of global warming. he called on the world‘s governments to stop subsidising fossil fuels and take advantage of renewable energy. one key source is offshore wind turbines. as part of our series "climate defenders" alongside the climate conference, freya cole has been to denmark to meet an inventor at the heart of the
wind industry. wind. the invisible source of energy which now has the potential to change the world. the question used to be, we like it but can we afford it? and now the question is, how can we afford not to? from a young age, danish inventor henrik stiesdal knew more could be done to use a natural and free source of electricity. we have very few natural resources in denmark but one we do have is wind, and a lot of it. henrik created his first wind turbine at the age of 16. in 1991, he opened the first offshore wind farm and his design for the modern wind turbine earned the title of the ‘danish concept‘ and that concept has shaped the wind industry for
what it is today. it had three blades. it had the blades mounted on the front of the tower. in those years, many turbines had the blades on the backside of the tower. it had operation at different speeds to be as efficient as possible and that all turned out to be very useful in the early years of the industry. can you see how big it is? it's like, impressive. his brain works in a completely different way. he understands a lot of the technology topics around it and the economics and the efficiency. and it‘s efficiency which is henrik‘s biggest motivation. one of the biggest blades henrik has helped design is 94 metres long. the blade is one seamless piece of fibreglass with no join. while the blades have grown in size, the costs are shrinking. according to a new study by the paris—based international energy agency, the costs are set to fall a further 60% by 2040. every time these blades makes a full rotation, this turbine generates enough power of the average household for a day, so there is no denying
the strength in wind energy, but for this industry to make a meaningful impact worldwide, there are still challenges to overcome. around the world, the untapped potential of offshore wind is vast, especially when you move further from shore into deeper waters. the answer is floating wind turbines. according to the international energy agency, floating turbines could unlock enough potential to meet the world‘s total electricity demand 11 times over a 2040. henrik is inventing a floating wind turbine which he says could be mass produced at a factory. he says it‘s a key to driving down costs to make it cheaper than fossil fuel competitors. so the real trigger for all of this is actually getting our products industrialised. the next hurdle for the industry is to capture all of the electricity
so it doesn‘t go to waste when winds drop and work out the best way to feed it back to the grid. i‘m putting in a lot of effort in developing storage systems, both for day—to—day storage and also seasonal storage so you can store energy made when we have a lot of wind in the wintertime to be used in the summertime. henrik is optimistic. he has watched the industry developed from the impossible to the possible, to a future reaching even greater heights. freya cole, bbc news. malta‘s prime minister has bowed to intense public pressure and said he would step down after a member of his office was arrested as part of an investigation into a journalist‘s murder two years ago. joseph muscatt was
accused of failing to bring those responsible for the death of daphne caruana galizia to justice. damian grammaticas reports from malta. chanting they filled the centre of valletta this evening. driven by a sense something‘s rotten at the heart of this tiny island nation. a woman, murdered. a multimillionaire accused of complicity in her assassination. angry that the prime ministerjoseph muscat was still in office. we are going to be a democracy! enough, enough! out, out! the prime minister? joseph muscat, out, now! i am fed up of the injustice that has been going on. they murdered daphne. they murdered my friend. we wantjustice. daphne ca ruana galizia, and anticorruption campaigner, was blown up by a car bomb two
years ago. she discovered in the panama papers leak secret offshore companies linking senior political figures close to the prime minister and malta‘s richest man, yorgen fenech. what precipitated this crisis was when, late on saturday, mr fenech was brought to court and charged with being part of the plot to murder the journalist. malta‘s prime minister was fatally compromised. he left his country residence this morning. pressure has finally told, and tonight he addressed the nation. speaks maltese joseph muscat said the businessman‘s arrest showed justice was being done, and he will now quit his post after a new party leader is chosen injanuary. shortly before he spoke, this was the scene outside his office. disgust at their prime minister. they believe malta has been sullied and corrupted on his watch, and there needs to be wholesale change to see justice for daphne
caruana galizia. former wales rugby captain gareth thomas says he hopes his work as an advocate for people living with hiv will eclipse the successes of his sports career. thomas revealed he was living with the condition in september. he sat down with britain‘s prince harry to mark world aids day. here‘s some of their conversation. you‘ve got a new purpose in life and you‘ve turned a negative into a positive. yeah. and i tell you what i feel like — and this is the truth, mate — i always felt that my life was to play rugby and to represent wales — which i did with all the passion i have, right? but i actually feel that my rugby gave me the platform to actually do what i'm doing now. and i believe what i do now — like, what i do now is really what i care about. because there's not many, like, people from a simple life that i've come from who can have the power
to change other people's lives. i mean, that's, like... it‘s one of the most fulfilling things. it blows me away. but i sit down with my parents sometimes and we look at my trophy cabinet, which i'm really proud of. it‘s big! mate, yeah, it's big! it's big! um, but i look at it and i think "do you know what? they'll gather dust. and they will go away and they'll be forgotten about. " but i'd like to think where we are going on thisjourney of education and breaking stigma around hiv, it's something i will have a legacy ever—lasting, like. there‘s a 2030 goal, right? yeah. and you‘ve nowjust signed up as a commissioner. yes! i'm going to be on a commission and sit on a panel with a group of people, who has — we have a common goal — that in ten years' time, within england, there'll be zero new transmissions of hiv. now, this whole thing might be bizarre, anyway — like, we're sitting in a rugby ground, me and you, having a chat
about hiv, talking about zero transmissions of hiv in ten years' time. like, i can't believe that we're at a point where that's a reality. but it is. it is a reality. and it's something that, for me, it's my next step. we know there‘s a hell of a lot to do but what you‘ve managed to do in just the space of, you know, six or eight weeks has been transformational — genuinely transformational. as you said, we should all know our own status. yeah. and if it‘s treated just the same as any other virus, and that‘s exactly what should be happening. yeah. an inspiring conversation there. former wales rugby captain gareth thomas talking to britain‘s prince harry, to mark world aids day. you have been watching newsday. i‘m kasia madera in london. and i‘m mariko oi in singapore. coming up, a new face behind the wheel. makoto uchida, starts his first week as the boss of nissan. we‘ll see what direction he‘s likely to steer the company and the problems he needs to fix.
steer the company, nicely done. that‘s all for now. stay with bbc world news. hello there. we have more frosty weather around at the moment. not exactly in the same place as it was last night, mind you, because although we have this cold area of high pressure just drifting a little bit further south, allowing milder atlantic air to topple around the north of that, feeding its way into scotland and northern ireland. so for scotland, nowhere near as cold as it was last night. with the clearer guys for england and wales, this is where we will have a widespread frost to start the day today. plenty of sunshine at least to begin with. more cloud coming in on the south—westerly breezes for northern ireland and scotland. patchy rain for scotland, mainly highlands and ireland. this cloud may well work its way down through the irish sea and into northern parts of england and wales, leaving the sunnier skies towards the south and south—east. temperatures again, 6, 7 degrees, a bit milder in the far north of scotland where we
have the rain. that‘s on the weather front there which will tend to push away through the evening. we still have high pressure dominating but it is centred more towards southern parts of england and wales. here there mayjust be enough moisture and light winds to give us mist and fog returning overnight and into tuesday. particularly across parts of east wales and the south—east of england where it could lingerfor a while. should be a dry day by tuesday across scotland, some sunshine here, and across northern ireland. sunny spells for england and wales outside of the mist and fog. temperatures again, temperatures 6—8 degrees. as we head to the middle part of the week, a weakening weather front heads into the north—east from the atlantic. the centre of the high drifts further in to continental europe but still light winds and clearer skies overnight to bring a pinch of frost for england and wales and probably mist and fog and low
cloud, quite a dull day for some. not a great deal of rain on the weather front as it pushes across scotland towards cumbria. quite milder here but cold where it stays grey across central parts of england. by the time we get into thursday, the winds should be pushing away that mistiness and greyness and fog and instead, an active weather front will bring heavy rain into the hills of western scotland. some patchy rain elsewhere and dribs and drabs into northern ireland, the far north of england still dry and bright further south with sunshine but windy weather together with that rain in the north—west. keeping the temperatures up and blowing milder air across the whole of the country could make double figures even across south wales and south—west england. turning milderfrom the north over the weekend. ahead of that, more patchy frost and fog before it turns wetter and windier later on.
antonio guterres said government support forfossilfuel industries means that taxpayers‘ money is paying for melting glaciers and strengthening hurricanes. representatives from dozens of governments are meeting in madrid for the global climate summit malta‘s prime minister, joseph muscatt, has bowed to public pressure and decided to step down after a member of his office was arrested during an investigation into a journalist‘s murder two years ago. and this video is trending on bbc.com. a museum in moscow gave visitors the chance to sit on a glass throne filled with $1 million. it‘s called the money throne and is made of layers of bulletproof glass filled with bank notes. that‘s all. stay with bbc world news. more on our website, bbc.co.uk/news, and the news app. now on bbc news, live to singapore for asia business report.