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tv   BBC News  BBC News  December 4, 2019 2:00am-2:31am GMT

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welcome to bbc news. i'm mike embley. our top stories: the us house intelligence committee releases its impeachment inquiry report, accusing president trump of putting his interests ahead of america's. he was willing to sacrifice the national security of the united states in order to get what he wanted. the co—founders of google, larry page and sergey brin, are stepping aside from running the company. the tech billionaire elon musk tells a court he did not literally call a british cave diver a paedophile. and the winner is — all of us. the turner art prize is awarded to the four shortlisted artists after they declare themselves a collective.
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with president trump in london at an international summit, his opponents in washington have moved against him, with the next phase of the impeachment inquiry that has the potential to remove him from office. he has described it as an "unpatriotic witch—hunt, a one—sided sham." but the latest report from the house of representatives, which is dominated by the democrats, claims there is "overwhelming" evidence that mr trump placed personal political interests "above the national interests of the united states", pressuring a foreign government to interfere on his behalf in next year's presidential election. please be warned there is flash photography in this report from peter bowes. page after page the case to impeach donald trump. overwhelming evidence
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of misconduct and obstructing according to the house intelligence committee, which is controlled by the democrats. after hearing from more than a dozen witnesses, the panel concluded that mr trump solicited the interference of a foreign government, ukraine, to benefit his real action. he put personal political interests ahead of the national interest. this is the result of a president who believes he is beyond indictment, beyond impeachment, beyond any form of accountability and indeed, above the law, and that is a very dangerous thing for this country, to have an unethical president who believes they are above the law. the white house slammed the impeachment enquiry is a one—sided sham, which had utterly failed to produce any evidence of wrongdoing by president trump. but the investigation goes on, moving to the housejudiciary committee which will consider specific charges, the articles of impeachment against the president. again, the democrats are in control,
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and if as expected, the full house of representatives votes in favour of representatives votes in favour of impeachment, a trial could take place as early as next month in the senate, where the republicans are in charge. it's all in the house at the moment. and as i have said over and over again, if the house doesn't back act, then the senate will be in business with an impeachment trial. donald trump has repeated his view that the impeachment enquiry is a hoax, being used by the democrats for political gain. but like it or not, and with the president still out of the country, the process is moving quickly. it bows, bbc news. —— peter bowes. live now to newark, newjersey. professor sa har aziz is director of the centre for security, race and rights at rutgers university law school. good to talk to you, professor. this isa good to talk to you, professor. this is a significant political process. it's very significant, because donald trump is only the second
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president to experience, to face impeachment inquiries after richard nixon who resigned before the articles of impeachment were issued. and andrewjohnson and bill clinton we re and andrewjohnson and bill clinton were the only two presidents who actually faced impeachment charges, although they were not convicted in the senate. though this is most certainly a historical moment in us history and in us constitutional legal history. it still seems very unlikely that a trial in the senate, which is dominated by the republicans, that they would be a vote to impeach. but i guess the big play here is for the opinions of voters in the election next year. so the house is under a very tight legible because they don't want impeachment to lead the headlines in 2020 -- impeachment to lead the headlines in 2020 —— tight schedule, which is the election year for the next president. so what they are trying to do now is gain the trust of the
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republican voter base in the hope that perhaps they can get them either to switch sides during the elections or put pressure on republican senators and house members in terms of seeing that in fa ct members in terms of seeing that in fact donald trump has committed high crimes and misdemeanours and has violated the constitution pursuant to article two. what's interesting is that the public hearings this week will bring forward constitutional law experts that will explain the process of impeachment, what qualifies as high crimes and misdemeanours under article two, which is arguably unusual insofar as making this case very public, rather than just proceeding to the articles of impeachment, which we anticipate will be issued early next week. professor, there are a couple of new lines from this report, and they
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make them a bit harder to suggest that rudy giuliani was acting independently, he was in constant touch with the white house? yes. we don't have the full report publicly, but i think the facts are clear that trump used his personal attorney, among other top aides to coerce and arguably extort the ukrainian president to open an investigation on his political rival in the upcoming presidential elections, joe biden, and his son hunter biden in exchange for releasing military assistance for ukraine at a time when ukraine desperately needed that military assistance because it was at war with russia. this is military assistance that congress had approved and appropriated. so this is really unprecedented and it isn't a partisan issue. it's really about
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the president putting his own political, partisan electoral interests ahead of national security ina region interests ahead of national security in a region of the world that is very sensitive and on countries that are very important to us interests in europe and eastern europe in particular. professor sahar aziz, thank you very much. thank you. a big move in one of the world's most powerful tech outfits, the two men who founded google, larry page and sergey brin, have announced they are stepping down from running its parent company. they will leave their roles as ceo and president of alphabet but will remain on the company's board, still controlling 51% of voting rights. our north america technology correspondent, dave lee, has more. this move represents the most significant shakeup in the leadership of google since its inception. the dynamic duo of sir gayed brin and larry page won't hold -- sir gayed brin and larry page won't hold
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—— sir gayed sergey brin and larry page. tuesday's announcement makes it absolutely clear mr page and mr brin aren't running the company anymore. while the pair are willing to sing managing duties it means they won't give up ultimate power. between them they control 51% of voting rights on alphabet‘s board. base won't change was that they like on the role to being proud parents of the company, looking on with closing just don't care. it means, should they feel the need, they can override any decision the new president makes it any more than a pa rental president makes it any more than a parental because we said so. dave lee, bbc news in san francisco. let's get some of the day's other news: china's foreign ministry has expressed "strong indignation" at the passing, by the us house of representatives, of a bill demanding sanctions on senior chinese officials for the repression and detention of hundreds of thousands of uighur muslims in xinjiang. the bill passed overwhelmingly and
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now goes to the senate for debate. at least three people have been killed in a powerful typhoon which has lashed the philippines, with winds gusting up to 200 kilometres an hour. typhoon kammuri passed just south of the capital manila. but the international airport there remains closed. officials say the evacuation of around 225,000 people prevented greater loss of life. nasa says the wreckage of india's vikram lunar lander has been identified, three months after it crashed onto the surface of the moon. it was thanks in part to an indian space enthusiast, an it engineer who spotted it when he ran side—by—side comparison images on two laptops. the us space agency had released satellite images and asked people to search for it. divisions between nato leaders have been exposed, with president trump accusing
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france's president macron of being "nasty" and "disrespectful", for describing nato as "brain—dead." mr macron defended his comments and highlighted differences with turkey, which is threatening to derail efforts to set up a new missile defence system. this report from our diplomatic correspondent james robbins contains some flashing images. buckingham palace and a birthday party for nato leaders to celebrate their military alliance and 70 years success keeping the peace through collective defence. everyone on best behaviour for the queen, but nato is a family currently at war with itself. france's president macron has been strongly critical of donald trump's isolationist role and called nato strategically brain—dead. today he stood by those remarks, even after mr trump rebuked him publicly. when you make a statement like that, that is a very, very nasty statement to make to, including them, to essentially 28 countries. i think that, you know, they have a very high unemployment rate in france. france is not doing well economically at all.
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in fact, the alliance faces another far larger threat to unity — the military action by nato member, turkey, inside northern syria. turkey's president erdogan is enraged natoisn‘t100% supportive of his fight against kurdish troops that he brands terrorists. but president macron completely rejects the turkish position. when i look at turkey, they now are fighting against those who fought with us, shoulder to shoulder, against isis. 70 years ago when nato was established it all felt so much simpler. the american—led alliance faced a single enemy, the soviet union underjosef stalin. it was soviet communism which eventually collapsed. nato survived, but now struggles
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to agree its future role. nato is the most successful alliance in history, because we have been able to change when the world is changing. that is exactly what we're doing again, and the fact is that we're doing more together in this alliance now that we've done for many decades. but that sounds far too upbeat to those leaders who think the alliance has lost its way and needs to face up to developing threats. so, what are some of those future threats nato has to face? well, still from russia and there is talk now of china, too, not an adversary, nato insists, but a worry, nevertheless. and there is concern about possible future cyber attacks on satellites in space. how would nato react to that? president trump is now claiming success, pushing other states to increase their nato spending and so reduce america's 70% share. but other splits over the way ahead won't be resolved in a few hours of formal talks tomorrow. james robbins, bbc news,
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buckingham palace. the california senator, kamala harris, says she's ending her campaign for the democratic party's presidential nomination. the former prosecutor said she would continue to fight for people whose voices were ignored. senator harris has recently been polling in single digits after initially being seen a probable frontrunner. the family of the man who carried out last week's attack near london bridge say they are shocked and saddened by what happened and that they totally condemn his actions. usman khan killed jack merritt and saskia jones and injured three others before being shot dead by police. in a short statement, his family expressed condolences to the families of the victims. stay with us on bbc news. still to come: empowering communities in africa, the simple device that delivers the data to fight pollution. it's quite clear that the worst victims of this disaster are the poor people living
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in the slums which have sprung up around the factory. i am feeling so helpless, that the childrens are dying in front of me and i can't do anything. charles manson is the mystical leader of the hippie cult suspected of killing sharon tate and at least six other people in los angeles. at 11am this morning, just half a metre of rock separated britain from continental europe. it took the drills just a few moments to cut through the final obstacle. then philippe cozette, a minerfrom calais, was shaking hands and exchanging flags with robert fagg, his opposite number from dover.
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this is bbc news. the latest headlines: the us house intelligence committee has released its impeachment inquiry report, which accuses president trump of putting personal gain ahead of the american national interest. the white house says there is no evidence of any wrongdoing. the co—founders of google, larry page and sergey brin, are stepping aside from running the company they built into a giant of the digital economy. elon musk, the billionaire founder of electric car company tesla, has told a court he did not literally call a british cave diver a paedophile. the tech billionaire, seen here, told the defamation trialjury he was simply defending himself from unprovoked insults. the spat with vernon unsworth took place as the diver was helping rescue young soccer players trapped in a cave in thailand. sophie long has more. well, the first opening statement
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came from vernon unsworth, the lawyer, the man leading his legal team. and he told the court all about that rescue that you talk about, the rescue that really captured the world's attention, and how that despite that, when the world was celebrating, vernon unsworth had gone on television and given an interview in which he was asked about elon musk‘s attempt to help, the submarine, the mini submarine he offered, and how he had dismissed it in that television interview as a pr stunt. he then talked about the tweets, the succession of tweets that came from elon musk later, and he said that the particular tweet in question in which he called vernon unsworth "pedo guy" was very damaging. he talked about how he felt the shame of being accused of being a paedophile, at what should have been one of the proudest moments of his life. we then heard the lawyer leading the defence, elon musk‘s lawyer. he gave a very different picture of the same series of events. he said that this is a case
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about an argument between two men trading insults, and he said it was vernon unsworth who went on television first, and he made the first insult. and he said it was not an allegation of a crime, it was that — an insult. he also said that the tweet was deleted. he said it was a joking, deleted, apologised—for tweet. there was no damage caused. he went on to say that, instead of damage caused to his life, that was set up by vernon unsworth's lawyers, actually it had expanded his social media profile, and he now needed an agent to deal with all the requests. so two different accounts of the events that led up to this case. a new study says the growth in global co2 emissions has slowed this year, largely because of an unexpected drop in the use of coal. the report issued at the climate change conference in madrid says the overall rise in carbon dioxide levels will be 0.6% this year, down from 2.1% in 2018, but experts are warning that the drop in coal is offset by the strong growth in natural gas
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and oil consumption. one of the consequences of carbon emissions is air pollution. it is thought to kill around 7 million people across the world every year according to the world health organization. one group of african scientists is trying to alert people to the problem with a low—cost sensor that allows citizens to monitor and record the air quality in their community. solomon serwanjja reports from nairobi. tina and her one—year—old daughter clarissa live next to a steel mill, ina clarissa live next to a steel mill, in a pollution hotspot on the of nairobi. the white, powdery ash from the mill has to be washed away every day. the particles and some other black smoke that normally comes out, thatis black smoke that normally comes out, that is the worst thing. when you breathe those particles, it's so painful. at this local clinic, the number of cases of pneumonia, asthma and chest infections has doubled in the last 12 months. the world health
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organization recognises in air pollution as one of the causes. cecilia can hardly breathe. and this woman's lung capacity is not what it should be. the nearly 750,000 people living in this community, and many of them are struggling to breathe because of the air quality. as a tea m because of the air quality. as a team of african scientists who have come up with ways measuring the air—quality here, and they think that it air—quality here, and they think thatitis air—quality here, and they think that it is a step forward in finding a solution to this problem. these low—cost air pollution sensors are easy to install. they detect and record the amount of dangerous small particles in the air. that data is then transmitted to a website where it can be accessed by anyone for free. how data is accurate, which
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means anyone in any city across any african country will be able to use it, deploy it and get real—time local data for their neighbourhoods, that they can use to partition governments to solve problems that they face around our pollution. that is what the community living next to this asphalt factory did after they started having breathing problems. they installed sensors in their homes. our campaign, the attention of the media and the government agencies, the director of the environment agency came over and instructed them, the factory, to shut down, and only open after they had complied with the laws. another pa rt had complied with the laws. another part of town, rashida and another person, who like tina live near a steel mill, i still morning a daughter who died in april. the cause of death was a respiratory disease, and the doctors say it
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could be caused by air pollution. now, they are worried about their surviving son. look at all these inhalers. i have to use this. the doctors are wondering, you know, this is too much for him. he is coughing, when he coughs, he coughs for a whole week. nazir believes that the data from the senses in his community will help his campaign for clea n community will help his campaign for clean air. data will not lie. sensors will not lie. it's very clear. all you need to do is use that and you will get the answers you need. that's all we need. the hope is that this technology will empower communities like tina and clarissa's to fight for their right to clean air. the south korean singer and actor cha in—ha has been found dead in his home. he is the third k—pop star to die injust three months. no details have been released
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about how the 27—year—old died. cha's death comes less than ten days after k—pop singer goo hara was found dead in her home. the winner of this year's turner prize has been announced at a ceremony here in london — or that should be winners? because, for the first time ever, the world—famous art prize was awarded jointly to all those artists who had been nominated. rich preston has the story. the british seaside town of margate was the backdrop, and the traditionalfairground was the backdrop, and the traditional fairground arc dreamland. now in its 35th year, the turner prize is known for its shock value. damien hirst‘s nomination in 1982 of a tiger shark in formaldehyde was one of the decade's most controversial pieces of art. in 1999, tracy emmons's work, my head, because the storm, though it didn't actually win. but this latest shock
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wasn't anything to do with the art itself. here is something quite extraordinary. at a time of political division in britain and conflict in much of the world, the artists wanted to use the occasion of the turner prize to make a strong statement of community and solidarity, and have formed themselves into a collective. applause the four nominees wrote to the judges, explaining that their art is about social and political issues. lawrence abu hamdan's work recreates the noises inside assyrian prison. oscar murillo's is a congregation of human effigies, while shani's it's described as a feminist fantasy
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beyond patriarchal limits, and helen produced a film commemorating the role of women in the northern irish troubles. we each work with specific issues. we are each dealing with things we feel passionately about, but it doesn't mean that those things, we see them in separation from each other. for us it was important to use this platform and a specific political moment and kind of do something that would go beyond just the normal thing that happens in this prize, really. in their letter to judges, in this prize, really. in their letter tojudges, the nominees said it would feel problematic to be pitted against one another, asking if, at a time of so much division, they could instead be considered as one. thejudges they could instead be considered as one. the judges unanimously agreed. minister has called a tattoo exhibition obscene and ordered an investigation. pictures of half naked men and women have gone viral and the minister for tourism, naked men and women have gone viral and the ministerfor tourism, arts and the ministerfor tourism, arts and culture said while a permanent had been issued, the there was no
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green light for any form of nudity at the event. around 60% of malaysia's 30 million people and was in. many see the country is moving more towards religious conservatism. a british veteran who escaped the siege of dunkirk during the second world war by paddling out to sea on a door has died at the age of 101. les rutherford became trapped during the evacuation of the port injune1940. he and a fellow soldier used the door which had been blown off a garden shed to paddle out to sea, where they were picked up by a french trawler. he was given a glass of rum and returned to england wearing only a blanket and socks. he was described as a wonderful man who will be sorely missed. that may news again, with president trump in london at the international nato summit, his opponents in washington have voted against him with the next phase of the impeachment enquiry coming from the house of representatives, controlled
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by the democrats. it has the potential, at least, to remove him from office. thank you very much for watching. hello there. we've got quite a mixture of weather coming our way for wednesday. now, the satellite picture shows a stripe of cloud approaching the west. this is a weather front that's going to be bringing us some rain. further east, though, we're under the influence of high pressure across much of england and wales, the skies relatively clearer. now, if you're heading outside over the next few hours, we've got cloud and rain encroaching across western scotland and northern ireland. further south and eastwards across england and wales, there are some patches of cloud. we've also got some clear spells. so contrast in temperatures — it's mildest towards the north—west of the uk, with the clearer skies across england and wales. it's cold, and indeed cold enough for some patches of frost. could even be an odd fog
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patch to start the day on wednesday, as well. for many, though, it's a bright start across england and wales, eastern areas of scotland. the rain in the north—west will continue slowly pushing its way eastwards, reaching parts of northern england and north wales through the course of the afternoon. still bright to the south and east, but it's chilly, still. highs of around 6—8. the mildest weather towards the north—west, with blustery showers following into western scotland, and some fairly gusty winds too. then, through thursday and friday, we're going to see weather fronts really target western scotland, bringing large amounts of rain here. now, we could see around 70—80 mm, maybe more than that over high ground. that's enough to cause some flooding impacts, but it's not the only place that will see rain. on thursday, we'll also see some wet weather pushing in, across northern ireland. the rain getting into northern england and north wales, too. further south and eastwards, probably a bit more cloud around, but it should be bright enough. it's turning milder as south—westerly winds spread across more of the country. high for most between 9—12 degrees. what follows thursday night
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will be a very mild night. now, that might come as something of a surprise, especially when you consider recent nights have seen some very sharp frosts. as we head into friday morning, these are the kind of temperatures —11—12 degrees. now, the reason it's so mild is it's cloudy, it's wet and it's windy, and initially we have the winds coming from a south—westerly direction. later in the day we will start to get north—westerly winds, following in across the northern half of the country. and so temperatures will be dropping away. highs of seven degrees in stornoway. mild day for the midlands, east anglia and southern england, temperatures here around 12—13 degrees. now, the weekend looks like this. a ridge of high pressure to start things, but sunday sees a weather front move in across the uk. so saturday looks at the moment to be the better of the two days of the weekend, where it should be largely dry and bright. perhaps a bit of rain, though, getting in to northern ireland later in the day. sunday looks like it will turn more widely unsettled, with rain at times. that's your weather.
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this is bbc news. the headlines: the democrat—led us house intelligence committee has released a report setting out its case for impeaching president trump. it accuses mr trump of obstructing justice and congress, and soliciting the interference of a foreign government, ukraine, to help his re—election next year. the white house denies the accusations. the co—founders of google, larry page and sergey brin, are stepping down from their roles as chief executive and president of its parent company, alphabet. they said they believed it was time to assume the role of proud parents. google's ceo sundar pichai will now run both tech firms. for the first time in its 35—year history, britain's prestigious turner prize has been awarded to all four shortlisted artists. the decision was prompted by the artists themselves, who declared themselves a collective. they said that they wanted to make a statement of solidarity and multiplicity.


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