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tv   BBC News at Ten  BBC News  December 5, 2019 10:00pm-10:31pm GMT

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up theircampaigning. boris johnson is promising to deliver brexit and a budget in his first hundred days if elected next thursday. whilejeremy corbyn was visiting schools, promising to employ 20,000 extra teachers. elect the tories, you carry on with austerity, you carry on with increasing gaps between the richest and the poorest. so we have seven days to do it. seven days to get brexit done. seven days to end the deadlock. we'll have the latest on the day's campaigning and we'll take a close look at the parties‘ spending plans. also tonight: president trump is to face impeachment charges, following a decision by democratic members of the house of representatives. much of france has been brought to a standstill today by one of the biggest public sector strikes
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for years over pension reforms. in moscow, we report on the major international investigation involving two russian nationals, in one of the largest cases of cyber theft. and anthonyjoshua tells the bbc just what's at stake in saturday's rematch, in saudi arabia, against andy ruiz. and coming up on sportsday on bbc news: everton have sacked manager marco silva after 18 months in charge, with the club the premier league relegation zone. good evening. in a week's time — next thursday night — the polls will have closed, the ballot boxes will be on their
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way to the counting centres and the first indications will emerge of the likely outcome of this election campaign. no surprise then that the parties have stepped up their campaigning today. borisjohnson was promising to pass his brexit deal and hold a budget within a hundred days — if elected — to raise money for schools and the nhs. those plans are "pure fantasty" according to the lib dems, while labour promised to recruit 20,000 extra teachers to make up for what it calls a decade of "tory failure". 0ur political editor laura kuenssberg reports. a small group, but a big noise. there's not much that's been pretty about this campaign. these protestors were lying in wait for borisjohnson in derbyshire. inside, he was vowing to take us out of the eu by the end of next month, to cut taxes on your pay, and to relax the years long squeeze on public spending. it's definitely on. but he has only a week to make those arguments to you.
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has the pattern been set? so we have seven days to do it. seven days to get brexit done, seven days to end the deadlock, seven days to get out of this three—and—a—half year pit—stop we have been in — and the pits is the word, believe me. a few months ago i did send you an e—mail. oh my god. yes. the audience challenged him on the floods, the health service and brexit too. but promises are easy to make in campaigns — harder to keep. if were lucky enough to win, you would have a budget in february that would cut taxes for people. 0verall, your manifesto would raise tax. when you say every time get brexit done, you could do it by the end of january, actually it would just open months, if not years more negotiations. what can we actually believe from you? laura, we're cutting taxes on business rates, we are cutting national insurance contributions for everybody in the country, and as for the, everybody paying... as for your point about getting
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brexit done, the advantage of the deal we have ready to go is it takes us out of the eu onjanuary 31st. it means we are no longer part of the legal empire of the eu. his manifesto would mean that business pay more tax, but individuals would get a modest cut. but one threat is diminished, if not disappeared for the tories. several brexit party meps quit at their own press conference today. i only stood in may to fight for brexit. so they're backing the tories, what about their leader? theyjoined the brexit party... and you paraded then. theyjoined the coalition that i put together. now they were clearly disaffected with mrs may as leader, and we're not the conservative party. and the others are determined to make life as difficult as possible for the conservatives, trying to hang on to a clutch of mps in scotland.
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let us come together next week to vote in a way that locks the tories out of government, that allows scotland to escape the mess of brexit. although there's not much cheer for the liberal democrats. the surgejo swinson hoped for isn't much in evidence, but the message stays the same. people have power in their hands when they cast their vote, when they walk into that polling station and they get the pencil and they decide where to put their cross, and they can choose to put that cross next to the liberal democrat logo, and to vote to stop brexit, and to hope for a brighter future and to stop conservatives winning that majority. they have all been on the trail for weeks now, right round the country, but time is running out for all sides in this campaign. the big picture suggests the tories are on course to be the biggest party, but home and dry? back in government? don't be so sure. next mp for peterborough. jeremy corbyn‘s big hope, of course, is to move into number tens himself. to spend a lot more taxpayers‘ cash
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on schools and public service, with a much bigger role for the state, and another referendum on brexit. what are your hopes for the future? a country where all children get a real chance. elect the tories, you carry on with austerity, you carry on with increasing gaps between the richest and the poorest. we are very clear. we have a totally funded and costed manifesto, the only party that has in this election, and it will give real hope and opportunity to everyone in this country. only a week left to roll up the sleeves to change the course of this campaign. the result, a week tomorrow, will change the country, whoever wins. laura kuenssberg, bbc news, derbyshire. so whether it's the conservatives and their promise of a tax—cutting budget, or labour's pledge to reduce class sizes and recruit thousands of extra teachers, the question, as ever, is whether the plans make sense in terms of government finances. 0ur economics editor faisal islam has been looking at the detail
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and hejoins me now. the prime minister said he was not aware of the data in terms of any extra tax revenue from their plans, but watch the small print. there is a smallish tax cut for workers national insurance for workers‘ national insurance payments which after inflation is worth £85 a year. tot that up using the conservatives own costings from the manifesto and that s worth £2.5 billion a year. but look down the page to this section — the sources of revenue, that s tax that will be raised — that goes up over £6 billion after the cancellation of a tax cut for businesses that has long been planned and legislated for. so, looking at what is in the manifesto so far, yes, there is a modest tax cut for workers. but overall you couldn t call it a tax cutting budget. for the conservatives this is evidence of a tight ship on public finances. and why borrowing levels under them should remain contained — only really used for investment. but the chancellor was also pressed on brexit and what happens if the uk
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leaves injanuary if there is no on brexit and what happens if the uk they say it s unlikely but acknowledged it could happen after the pm said he would not extend trade deal negotiations. independent economists think the hit from that sort of exit is measurable and would hit the economy and tax and spend and borrowing. and take borrowing levels to the same ballpark as labour s planned borrowing. now the conservatives hate this analysis, and say that this is a worst case scenario for its trade negotiation and a similar scenario for the labour economic strategy would see the red line considerably higher. labour s spending offer today was on education, vowing to deliver 20,000 new teachers and cut class sizes to 30 pupils in england — as part of significant increases in per pupil spending that would leave it at over £6,500, well above where it was at the start of the spending squeeze decade, more than conservatives, funded by tax rises labour say only on the top 5% of earners and businesses. but countries that raise as much tax from their economies as labour
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plans, usually tax average workers much more than the uk currently does. labour says it can buck this trend. george. dozens of current and former staff of the labour party have given sworn statements in relation to anti—semitism in the party. the statements — collected by the jewish labour movement — will form part of its submission to the equality and human rights commission — which is investigating the labour party. wejoined the we joined the labour party, because we believed nits true values. we witnessed a violation of those values. the labour leaderjeremy corbyn insisits that processes in the party to deal with allegations have ‘improved a great deal‘. the bbc‘s andrew neil has challenged boris johnson to take
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part in an interview with him before next week‘s election. mrjohnson is the only leader of a main party not to have faced a half—hour, prime—time bbc one interview by mr neil. no broadcaster can compel a politician to be interviewed, but leaders‘ interviews have been a key part of the bbc‘s prime time election coverage for decades. we do them on your behalf, to scrutinise and hold to account those would govern us. that is democracy. we‘ve always proceeded in good faith that the leaders would participate. and in every election, they have. all of them, until this one. downing street say that the prime minister has been interviewed by the bbc several times throughout the campaign and will be appearing in a debate withjeremy corbyn tomorrow night on bbc one. donald trump is to face impeachment charges — following a decision by democratic members of the house of representatives. they allege the president has abused his power — by trying to force the government of ukraine to investigate the
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business dealings ofjoe biden — a potential rival in next year‘s presidential election. mr trump said democrats had ‘gone crazy‘. 0ur correspondent nick bryant is in washington for us. nick. 0ne one for the history books, the democrats have started drafting the articles of impeachment. they‘re essentially criminal charges against the president and the democrats can use their majority in the house of representatives to impeach donald trump, that would lead to the trial of donald trump in the senate where the republicans are in the majority. 0n capitol hill today, the battle lines started being marked out for an epic political fight. a process likely now to lead to the trial of donald trump, a constitutional spectacle seen only twice before in the turbulent history of america. the democratic house speaker, nancy pelosi, is now ready to move forward with drafting the
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articles of impeachment, a charge sheet, in effect, accusing the president of high crimes and misdemeanors. sadly, but with confidence and humility, with allegiance to our founders and a heart full of love for america, today, i am asking our government to proceed with articles of impeachment. the democrats havee accused donald trump of undermining american democracy by trying to get political dirt from the president of ukraine, vladimir zelensky, on his rival, the former vice president, joe biden — using us military aid as an inducement. but mr trump, returned home from the nato summit saying the democrats are crazy and if they‘re impeach him they should do it fast, so the country can get back to business. are you worried about what effect impeachment might have on your legacy? no, not at all, no. no, it's a hoax, it's a big fat hoax. don't you accuse me... it‘s become an impassioned
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and polarising fight, and america‘s most powerful woman was asked if she hated america‘s most powerful man. i don't hate anyone. i was raised in a way that is a heart full of love, and always prayed for the president. i still pray for the president, i pray for the president all the time. so don't mess with me when it comes to words like that. it‘s beginning to look a lot like donald trump will be impeached by christmas and start the new year with a trial in the senate, where his republican allies have the vote to deliver a not guilty verdict. nick bryant, bbc news, washington. much of france has been brought to a standstill today — as a result of one of the biggest public sector strikes for years. the strikes have been called in reponse to president macron‘s plans to reform pensions. 0ur correspondent lucy williamson reports from paris. tear gas today masked the real danger facing president macron.
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not the risk of a vehicle on fire in central paris, but the risk of a silent majority, set alight by opposition to his pension reforms. most marched peacefully against the offer of longer working lives and smaller pensions, their quiet anger directed more at politicians than police. translation: they sit in the national assembly and sleep most of the time, and they earn 5,000 euros a month. we‘re in the street, breaking our backs, working overtime. ask them how much a baguette costs, they don‘t know. the big question is whether anger over pension reforms will ignite into wider discontent, both with the economic situation and with president macron himself. the biggest threat to mr macron is the country uniting against him. this battle is likely to be his toughest yet.
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tonight in paris, major scuffles between radical groups and police, but the government says it can no longerjustify paying billions of euros to subsidise special pension rights for public—sector workers. the new system will be more equal, it says. but protesters say it‘s the workers who will pay, and that in mr macron‘s france, some parts of society are more equal than others. the protest is over here in paris now, but the strike is set to continue on trains and metro lines tomorrow. president macron has sta ked tomorrow. president macron has staked his reputation on reforming france, but there is a real sense of social injustice here, and there are some who say there is a risk he will go too far, too fast. lucy, thank you. lucy williamson with the latest on the paris. the number of children being cared
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for by local authorities in england has reached a new high. more than 78,000 children are now in the care system — that‘s a 4% rise on 2018. directors who run council services say the figures reflect the pressures on children‘s services. a major international investigation, involving british and american police, has uncovered one of the largest cases of cyber theft ever detected. charges have been filed against two russian nationals, who are alleged to have used software to steal millions of pounds in more than a0 countries, including the uk. our home affairs correspondent daniel sandford reports. on one of the main boulevards in central moscow, an audi r8 blocking traffic, while it does a series of doughnuts. police say these high—performance and highly expensive cars belong to members of a cybercrime group known as evil corp. a group responsible for two of the worst computer hacking and bank fraud schemes of the last ten years. this is 32—year—old maksim yakubets, with his lamborghinihuracan and his personalised number plate, which in russian reads, "thief". today, the fbi charged him with being the leader of evil corp,
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which is suspected of stealing more than £75 million from customers all over the world. yakubets is a true 21st century criminal, who, with a stroke of a key and a click of a mouse committed cyber crimes across the globe. he‘s earned his place on the fbi‘s list of the worlds most wanted cyber criminals. the group seems to be able to operate without punishment in russia. the us says maksim yakubets helps the russian intelligence agency, the fsb, with its malicious cyber programme, so that might be why. yakobets is spent a quarter of a million pounds on his wedding. the national crime agency says evil corps poses the most significant cybercrime threat to the uk. and some members were identified through social media boasting.
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the fundamental weakness that organised crime has is they are driven by money and they are driven by greed. and we have been able to gain evidence in the uk of a real world footprint of people seeking to draw down the funds from these offenses, and also people who are exhibiting a very extravagant lifestyle online. evil corp even had its own lion cub. its two leaders have now been charged in america, but as long as they don‘t leave russia, there‘s no chance of them standing trial. daniel sanford, bbc news. the rainy season in east africa has been unusually heavy this year, with two months of relentless downpours. the increase in rainfall could be linked to rising sea temperatures in the indian ocean. hundreds of people have died in landslides and many thousands displaced, as their homes have been swept away. kenya has seen the highest number of deaths. 0ur deputy africa editor anne soy reports from the town of voi.
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a breathtaking countryside, that has turned deadly. 85—year—old vanessa is mourning the loss of a grandson, crushed to death by a landslide. she‘s explaining to me that there was a house here, and two of her grandchildren had come in to catch a nap, and then they suddenly heard a loud bang, and when they came out the house had been flattened. translation: a brick hit his head and he was bleeding. i held him and started sucking blood from his mouth and spitting it out. but he didn‘t make it. i have never seen anything like this. even when we had the el nino, there were no landslides. i don‘t understand what is happening. unusually heavy rainfall has caused floods and landslides across eastern africa, killing many.
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it‘s brought by a phenomenon called the indian ocean dipole. it will intensify over the next 2a hours, and subside after the storm makes landfall. but its impact on families will last a long time. christine lost her home. we cannot stay here because it is very risky. as you can see, there is a big crack on the road. that means once it rains tonight, it will collapse again, so it will cover the house. there is no hope in this home. like christine, many will need to make a fresh start. here, in voi affected families have taken refuge at a local primary school. hundreds of thousands are displaced across the region. anne soy, bbc news, voi. a wave of protest has swept the middle east from lebanon to iran and iraq. thousands of people have taken to the streets since october, demanding better lives, work, more freedom, and an end to repression by authoritarian regimes. in lebanon those protests have been
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peaceful, but in iran and iraq hundreds have been shot dead by the authorities. this new challenge comes at a time of wider instability. the united states has long armed and supported key regional allies, including the sunni muslim kingdom of saudi arabia and the state of israel. both are enemies of shia muslim iran, which has long been a powerful challenge to the us alliance. iran has extended its influence in neighbouring iraq, and supports proxy armies in the region, including the powerful hezbollah militia in lebanon. 0ur middle east editorjeremy bowen sent this report on the growing unrest in the region. in the middle east, new protests are clogging streets and rattling regimes. the lebanese call theirs a revolution, so far it‘s
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been mainly peaceful. in iraq and iran, hundreds have been killed. protesters are mostly young, with home—grown grievances that are shared across the region. they don‘t want their parents hard lives, blighted by unemployment and the power of corrupt repressive elites. in beirut they protested outside iraq‘s embassy about the killing of so many iraqi demonstrators in the last few weeks. we have seen coffins in the streets of iraqi cities. all of the young iraqis who just went to the streets who demanded to live free of militias, and here in lebanon we also want to live in dignity in our country, free of any foreign interference. let‘s say there are two main campus in the middle east, one of them we can call team america. it also includes saudi
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arabia and israel. the other one is team iran, it also includes the assad regime in syria, iraq, and the strongest single group here in lebanon, hezbollah, which is a shia muslim movement. now, the iranians need their allies, they use them to try to project power. but they‘ve got a real problem at the moment, because the demonstrations have shown that anti—irani and feeling is growing in iraq and here in lebanon. iraqis risked getting shot dead because they are desperate after years of war, invasion and corrupt and incompetent leadership. iraq has oil, its people should be well off. protesters have burned down iranian consulates. they believe tehran‘s strong influence in iraq is part of their problems. senior iranians are believed
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to be there, possibly directing the repression. back home in iran, two weeks ago, protesters went from opposing a big fuel price rise to chanting slogans against the regime. the security forces killed around 200, mainly young, working—class men, and arrested thousands. the bloodshed reminded older iranians of the last days of the shah, before the islamic revolution a0 years ago. in iran, endemic corruption and mismanagement have now made worse by a harsh american sanctions. that‘s bad news for team iran, but using this crisis to up the pressure might not help team america much. thank you very much for seeing us. the second in command of hezbollah, classified as terrorists by israel, us and britain. he is a shia cleric, like iran‘s leaders. what if israel, or the us
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attacked iraq, attacked its nuclear facilities. would you then use your weapons against israel? translation: i don't know what could happen, butt what i do know is that but what i do know is that any aggression of such scale could ignite the whole region. and those that initiated the aggression will take a big responsibility, and also take responsibility for very large reactions. that sounds like a threat to me. you can interpret it as you wish, but it is not about a threat or a lack of a threat, we have the right to defend ourselves. the protesters want to get rid of an old order that won‘t go easily. iran‘s leaders and their allies want to save the status quo, not change it. another storm is brewing in the middle east. jeremy bowen, bbc news, beirut.
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let‘s return to the election, now, of course, just a week away. 0ne economic issue that sharply divides the parties is labour‘s pledge to nationalise privately owned utilities, including the railways, water, the royal mail, the big six power companies, and bt 0penreach. labour says the profits that now go to private shareholders would instead benefit the wider public. our business editor simon jack considers the arguments. a wind of change for the better, or a chill wind driving away investment? labour‘s plans to nationalise big parts of the uk economy offer the starkest divide between the two main parties. unsurprisingly, perhaps, the boss of one of the companies in labour‘s sights isn‘t keen. not least, he says, because there are more pressing concerns. we need to tackle climate change so the focus has to be getting to net zero carbon by 2050, and anything that distracts that that willjust make it more and more difficult, but if we have big arguments about policy and ownership structures, all we do is slow
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everything down, and that is the worst thing we could do right now. right now we need to be speeding up. labour plans to nationalise the big six energy suppliers and divide their assets, workforce and customers into 14 regional agencies. along with energy, the rail industry, water, the royal mail and bt‘s broadband business would also be nationalised. how much would it cost? tricky one. labour say parliament would decide how much to pay the current owners, which include workers‘ pension funds, but the independent ifs estimate it would add at leaset £200 billion to government debt, but the government would collect the revenue, apart from broadband, which it eventually wants to give away for free. arguments about whether the government or the private sector is better at providing key services and utilities are not new. this labour party manifesto proposes the most radical overhaul of how companies are owned and run in decades. the private sector will tell you that the prospect of nationalisation would put off investment at a crucial time. the labour party would say it is only the state that can borrow and invest at the scale and speed
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that is required. here in scotland, the water industry is already nationalised, and the snp wants to extend public ownership of rail, buses and ferries. it sounds radical, but it is only what is happening in other countries. governments can borrow far less than the private sector, at less than i%. professor andrew cumbers has advised the labour party on public ownership. if you leave things totally to the private sector, and private firms are there to make a profit, inevitability r&d gets cut in favour of delivering shareholder dividends. most of the major investments that have been game changing, particularly in renewable energy, have been state driven. smaller companies would not face nationalisation, which would leave them competing with the state. tough, if the government‘s going to give services like broadband away for free. even labour describe their policies as radical. on that, at least, business would agree. simonjack, bbc news, glasgow.
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anthonyjoshua‘s defeat to andy ruiz earlier this year was one of the biggest upsets heavyweight boxing has seen in many years. this weekend, joshua has the chance to regain his status, and his belts, in a rematch. but the choice of venue, saudi arabia, has caused some surprise, as our sports editor dan roan explains. saudi arabia‘s never seen anything quite like it. anthonyjoshua, training in riyadh this week, ahead of the first heavyweight title fight to be staged in the middle east. the british boxer‘s earning around £16 million for being here, but it‘s his opponent, andy ruiz, who is the champion. the mexican pulled off one of the biggest upsets in the sport‘s history this year, when he beatjoshua in new york. but ahead of the rematch, the challenger told me he is grateful to have a shot at redemption. the blessing is that i‘ve got a second chance. some people don‘t get
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second chances at life, and i got a second chance to put it right, and i‘m looking forward to the opportunity, rather than, like, the challenge and the fear of it. i‘m just embracing it all and just turning it into a positive. here on the edge of the desert on the outskirts of riyadh, saudi arabia is preparing to stage one of the most eagerly anticipated sports events of the year, at this 15,000 seater arena that has been built from scratch in less than two months. but given this country‘s human rights record, the choice of location is hugely controversial. there is a reason the fight is happening in saudi arabia. the saudi authorities are keen to whitewash or sports wash their tarnished international reputation, which is kind of — the reason for that is pretty well deserved. they have an appalling record on lgbt rights, women‘s rights, extra judicial killings, beheadings, the ongoing conflict in yemen. does it bother you right now you might be used to sports wash, as it is called, the image of country abroad ? if that was the case, i would definitely have to say i would be bothered, but my only focus
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is just the boxing.


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