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tv   BBC News  BBC News  December 6, 2019 4:00am-4:31am GMT

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this is bbc news. welcome if you're watching here in the uk, on pbs in america, or around the globe. my name's mike embley. our top stories: the democrats move forward with their impeachment inquiry against the us president — saying he's abused his power. today i am asking our chairman to proceed with articles of impeachment. a sharp rise in cases of measles worldwide — nearly ten million infected last year alone. the world health organization says it's an outrage. the major international investigation involving two russian nationals. it's one of the largest cases of cyber theft. much of france brought to a standstill by one of the biggest public sector strikes for years. and two british pilots land back in the uk after flying around the world in a newly
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restored spitfire. hello to you. president trump has hit back at democrats in the house of representatives, who have announced articles of impeachment against him. mr trump said they were crazy and that he would win a trial in the senate, which is republican—controlled. he urged his opponents to move quickly so the country could, as he put it, get back to business. the leading democrat, nancy pelosi, said her party had been left with no choice but to act after weeks of hearings in washington. nick bryant has the latest. on capitol hill today, the battle lines started being marked out for an epic political fight. a process likely now to lead to the trial of donald trump, a constitutional spectacle seen only twice before in america's turbulent history.
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the democratic house speaker, nancy pelosi, is now ready to move forward with drafting the articles of impeachment, a charge sheet, in effect, accusing the president of high crimes and misdemeanours. sadly, but with confidence and humility, with allegiance to our founders and a heart full of love for america, today, i am asking our chairman to proceed with articles of impeachment. the democrats have accused donald trump of undermining american democracy by trying to get political dirt from the president of ukraine, volodymyr zelensky, on his rival, the former vice president, joe biden, using us military aid as an inducement. but donald trump arrived home from this week's nato summit saying the democrats are crazy and if they're going to impeach him they should do it fast so the country can get back to business. reporter: are you worried about what impeach — impeachment might have on your legacy?
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no not at all, no. no, it's a hoax, it's a big, fat hoax. don't you accuse me... it's become an impassioned and polarising fight, and america's most powerful woman was asked if she hated america's most powerful man. i don't hate anyone. i was raised in a way that is a heart full of love, and always prayed for the president. and i still pray for the president, i pray for the president all the time. so don't mess with me when it comes to words like that. it's beginning to look a lot like donald trump will be impeached by christmas and start the new year with a trial in the senate, where his republican allies have the votes to deliver a not—guilty verdict. nick bryant, bbc news, washington. we will have more on this from an a nalyst a we will have more on this from an analyst a little later in the programme. you'll find background and analysis from our team in washington, including the story explained in 100 words. that's at
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or you can download the bbc news app. some breaking news, police in india have shot dead four men suspected of raping and killing a vet in the southern city of hyderabad last week. police said the men had been taken to the scene of the alleged crime and were shot after they tried to attack police. the murder of the 27—year—old woman has triggered protests across india, recalling a 2012 gang—rape and murder of a woman on a delhi bus. more than 33,000 women were raped in india in 2017, according to the latest official figures, but experts say that vast numbers of assaults go unreported. let's get some of the day's other news. three european powers have claimed that iran is developing nuclear—ca pable missiles, in violation of a un security council resolution. the uk, france and germany say iran has tested a variant of the shahab—3 missile, which could deliver a nuclear weapon. iran has denied this, foreign ministerjavad zarif calling the charge a "desperate falsehood".
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thousands of firefighters are battling about 100 bushfires in the australian state of new south wales, the most severe on the outskirts of sydney. australia's largest city has been blanketed by thick smoke all week. officials say hospital admissions, due to smoke inhalation, have risen at least 10%. the oil—giant saudi aramco will be worth $1.7 trillion when it makes its stock market debut next week. it's less than the $2 trillion the saudi government wanted to raise, but the share sale will make it the world's most valuable company. the flotation looks to be part of a plan to modernise the saudi economy. there's a sharp rise in the number of cases of measles worldwide. nearly ten million people were infected last year by a disease that can be easily prevented by vaccination. the world health organization describes the figures as an outrage. most of those who died were children.
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professor peter hotez is an author and a vaccine scientist. i asked him about the causes behind this surge in cases around the world. they seem to be a combination of different social determinants. so, for instance, in the democratic republic of congo it's the horrific conflict in eastern congo that had blocked access to the vaccine. it's been one of the columns and controlling ebola, but actually more people have died more from measles than from ebola. there have been 5000 measles deaths. then in venezuela have had the collapse of the health system due to the colla pse the health system due to the collapse of the economy there, which has interrupted vaccination programmes. so in the cases of congo and venezuela it has been more political collapse. but then now in europe where we have had 90,000 cases of measles in the first half of 2019 and the us where measles has come back after being eliminated for 20 years, it is due to a concerted
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ante vaccine movement, a massive misinformation campaign. so the causes vary, but the consequences are there, after two decades of unprecedented gains in public health, now, very sadly, measles seems to be inching its way back again. and perhaps you should just remind us here how serious measles can be. here, because one of the things the anti— vaccine lobby likes to say, they claim measles isjust things the anti— vaccine lobby likes to say, they claim measles is just a benign rush. we couldn't be further from the truth. a couple of decades ago measles was the thinking —— single leading killer of children under the age of five. it causes measles and ammonia, measles encephalitis. it is a bad actor. and also if you don't diet can permanent injuries such as deafness or permanent neurological injury. and so even permanent neurological injury. and so even today more than 100,000 children die and we are seeing this play out in samoa right now, where because of several forces, including an anti— vaccine movement, we have had over 60 deaths, almost all of
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them tragically kids under the age of five. so measles is a devastating illness. these issues are your speciality area of study. how concerned are you? i'm concerned because we don't have an easy way to respond to this. we know we have an excellent vaccine, two doses of the vaccine rejects 97% of the time, so close to 100%. it's one of the best vaccines that we have, but we have these social determinants that are blocking our ability, war, and political collapse, but i'm very concerned about this very dangerous anti— vaccine movement that's brought measles back to europe, it's not brought measles back to the united states —— now brought. an out seems to be, for the first time, we are exporting that anti— vaccine movement to other nations, possibly samoa. so honestly figure out a way to counter the media misinformation campaign, the political activities, and in some ways the predatory
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behaviour, because what the leaders of the anti— vaccine movement are doing now is actually targeting specific groups to drop vaccine coverage, that one is a tough one to combat and we have really not figured out a way to do it. and so for all practical purposes right now the anti— vaccine lobby is running unopposed in the united states, elsewhere in north america, in europe, and now we are starting to see it in samoa. professor peter hotez there. one of the world's biggest cases of cyber—theft has been unearthed by british and american police. two russian nationals are accused of using malicious software to steal millions of dollars in more than a0 countries. daniel sandford has the story. on one of the main boulevards in central moscow, an audi r8 blocking traffic while it does a series of doughnuts. police say these high—performance and highly expensive cars belong to members of a cybercrime group known as evil corp. a group responsible for two of the worst computer hacking and bank fraud schemes of the last 10 years.
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this is 32—year—old maksim yakubets with his lamborghini huracan and his personalised number plate, which in russian reads "thief". today, the fbi charged him with being the leader of evil corp, which is suspected of stealing more than £75 million from customers all over the world. yakubets is a true 21st century criminal, who, with a stroke of a key and a click of a mouse committed cybercrimes across the globe. he's earned his place on the fbi's list of the world's most wanted cybercriminals. the group seems to be able to operate without punishment in russia. the us says maksim yakubets helps the russian intelligence agency, the fsb, with its malicious cyber programme, so that might be why. yakobets spent £250,000 on his wedding. the national crime agency says evil corp poses the most significant cybercrime threat to the uk, and some members were identified through their social media boasting.
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the fundamental weakness that organised crime has is that they are driven by money and they are driven by greed. and we have been able to gain evidence in the uk of a real—world footprint of people seeking to draw down the funds from these offences, and also people who are exhibiting a very extravagant lifestyle online. evil corp even had its own lion cub. its two leaders have now been charged in america, but as long as they don't leave russia, there's no chance of them standing trial. daniel sandford, bbc news. france is bracing itself for another day of disruption amid national strikes in protest at planned pension reforms. unions say over a million people took to the streets on thursday, across the country. our correspondent rich preston reports. teachers, transport workers, hospital staff, even theatre
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employees turned out stop hundreds of thousands of workers in a show of force against the government of emmanuel macron. 90% of trains were cancelled, as well as hundreds of domestic and international flights. schools were locked and the country's biggest tourist attraction is empty. people marched across france. they are unhappy with president macron‘s planned overhaul of the pension system, which they say will see them work longer and earn less. translation: i'm a trainee teacher and they have already told us that our retirement will be complicated. translation: i'm very concerned for the future. i'm concerned that the pension system will disappear. translation: at the moment i'm supposed to retire at 67. with the new reform it should be 69, maybe
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later, maybe at 75, with a walking frame. police had said they were prepared for trouble. and some scenes didn't turn violent. in paris, scuffles continued into the night. these strikes have no fixed end date. translation: we want to be heard. one day is not enough stop the government has to take action. if it does not, we support the need to renew the call for a straight friday, saturday, sunday, but also next monday as well. the country, and especially the big cities, could face many more days of disruption. rich preston, bbc news. stay with us if you can. much more to come. still to come: the burning of plastic waste in indonesia.
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we have an exclusive report on the impact on the food chain. it's quite clear that the worst victims of this disaster are the poor people living in the slums which have sprung up around the factory. i am feeling so helpless, that the childrens are dying in front of me and i can't do anything. charles manson is the mystical leader of the hippie cult suspected of killing sharon tate and at least six other people in los angeles. at 11am this morning, just half a metre of rock separated britain from continental europe. it took the drills just a few moments to cut through the final obstacle. then philippe cozette, a minerfrom calais, was shaking hands and exchanging flags with robert fagg, his opposite number from dover.
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this is bbc world news, the latest headlines: donald trump has hit back at democrats in the house of representatives, who have announced articles of impeachment against him. he says he will win a trial in the senate. the us says it's charged leaders of an alleged cybercriminal group based in russia, with links to moscow's intelligence services. the organisation, known as evil corp, is alleged to have stolen tens of millions of dollars worldwide. let's get more on our top story now. professor sahar aziz — director of the centre for security, race and rights at rutgers university law school told me a little earlier that even though the senate is dominated by republicans, the impeachment decison is still important. it is significant because of the timing because the elections are coming up next year and during the congressional
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elections, the republicans lost the house and the democrats are hoping that they will also lose the white house. what the republicans are trying to do is make it seem like it's really all about politics but what the democrats are trying to show to the american public is this is really about the constitution, the law, and that's why they invited the constitutional law experts to testify for the housejudiciary committee yesterday. the question is whether the democrats are going to be able to convince the public that this president is notjust violated the constitution once but twice, three times, four times when it comes to ukraine, when it comes to russia when it comes to other domestic affairs. is it significant for the voters or constitutionally that the republicans defending the president no longer seem to be saying, "you didn't do anything wrong", they are saying what he did was questionable but not impeachable. i think that's actually the most
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dangerous part of this entire process, the erosion of the rule of law and the normalisation of the type of behaviour that president trump... even for the republicans is offensive or unusual and unprecedented, which is that he attacks on judges, he attacks the media, he attacks congress. everything is about a witch—hunt and that he's a political victim as opposed to holding himself to the standards that other presidents have held themselves to, which is to abide by the rule of law and perhaps challenge the merits but not challenge the very process, so will he succeed in causing up to 50% of americans or higher to no longer respect the impeachment process and no longer respect the law or the constitution unless it is used against their political opposition? and how do you think this is playing with the voters? do you have a sense of that? impeachment helped bill clinton
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in the court of public opinion. this is a very risky endeavour for both parties, it's a gamble for the democrats and certainly the republicans. if you look at the public polls, it shows the numbers supporting impeachment are going up slowly. it's around 40% now and there's 44% that don't support it, but those numbers used to be 54% support in an 44% not supporting a month ago, so the media cycle is making an impact and that's why trump's primary strategy coming out of the white house and he's hired some high—level communications experts is to frame this as a hoax and a fraud as opposed to allowing the public to understand the law behind it in terms of what is it that constitutes bribery, what is it that constitutes abuse of authority and office. we will see what happens in 2020. it could backfire on the democrats and it could mobilise the republican base to go out and defend trump,
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or it could expose trump as the president who has effectively violated every protocol and arguably article two of the constitution. the rainy season in east africa has been unusually heavy this year — two months of relentless downpours. the increase in rainfall may be linked to rising sea temperatures in the indian ocean. hundreds of people have been killed in landslides and many thousands displaced — their homes just swept away. kenya has seen the highest number of deaths. our deputy africa editor, anne soy, reports from the town of voi. a breathtaking countryside that has turned deadly. 85—year—old vanessa is mourning the loss of a grandson, crushed to death by a landslide. she's just explaining to me that there was a house here, and two of her grandchildren had
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come in to catch a nap and then they suddenly heard a loud bang, and when they came out the house had been flattened. translation: a brick hit his head and he was bleeding. i held him and started sucking blood from his mouth and spitting it out. but he didn't make it. i have never seen anything like this. even when we had the el nino, there were no landslides. i don't understand what is happening. unusually heavy rainfall has caused floods and landslides across eastern africa, killing many. it's brought by a phenomenon called the indian ocean dipole. it will intensify over the next 2a hours, and subside after the storm makes landfall. but its impact on families will last a long time. christine lost her home. we cannot stay here because it is very risky. as you can see, there is a big crack on the road.
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that means once it rains tonight, it will collapse again, so it will cover the house. there is no hope in this home. like christine, many will need to make a fresh start. here, in voi affected families have taken refuge at a local primary school. hundreds of thousands are displaced across the region. anne soy, bbc news, voi. when most of us put recyclable plastic waste in bins do we generally assume it will get recycled? well, plastic waste generated by the west is often sent to other countries for recycling. but it isn't always recycled. in fact the bbc has learned that the burning of plastic waste in indonesia, much of it sent there by the west, is poisoning the food chain. this exclusive report from louis lee ray. parts of indonesia are awash with plastic waste. last year, indonesia imported almost
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300,000 tons of plastic. some of it is recycled but much of the lower—quality household plastic waste is dumped. huge piles building up outside villagers' houses. leftover plastic needs to be gotten rid of, so it's burned or sold to tofu factories as fuel. but the cheap plastic is releasing highly toxic chemicals, which is making it into the food chain. researchers from an environmental group tested the eggs from free—range chickens that live here.
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results revealed levels of toxic chemicals that are 70 times over the european safe levels for food. the results of our research is one of the most shocking results that we have ever, ever heard. especially in indonesia, we never have these kind of results before. you wouldn't get ill eating the odd egg but long—term exposure to these chemicals, known as dioxins, can cause reproductive and developmental issues, damage the immune system and also cause cancer. that's according to the world health organization. the government is now stopping some containers of contaminated waste entering the country, but campaigners say more needs to be done to prevent burning from taking place. louis lee ray, bbc news.
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two pilots have touched down in the uk, afterflying around the world in a restored spitfire, the paintwork stripped to a shining aluminium finish. they took four months to circumnavigate the globe — stopping in 100 places, in 30 countries. robert hall has the story. the green grass of home. the silver spitfire and her team have created flying history, a flight around the globe marking british engineering prowess and a partnership of man and machine that served the cause of freedom during world war ii. no wonder emotions were running high at goodwood today, particularly for the pilot mattjones whose child, arthur, was born during the journey. as we came across the channel and saw the white cliffs it was another emotional moment and we had trouble keeping control with tears running down my face over what we had done and we were coming home and how it must have felt in the day for those guys doing the same thing.
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two greatest symbols of freedom in the world. flying in carefully planned stages, the silver spitfire covered well over 23,000 miles above some of the world's most iconic landscapes. it defied typhoons and mechanical issues to become a star wherever it landed. the longest leg was a 3.5 hour 830—mile trip across the saudi arabian desert. it is quite noisy, the cockpit is exceedingly noisy and there is no heating or cooling so in the desert it got pretty hot and over the alps it got very, very cold. the flight is finally over. but its legacy is another spitfire legend. cup of tea ? and you can get in touch with me
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and most of the team on twitter — i'm @bbcmikeembley. hello there. the week is ending on an unsettled note. in fact, it's going to be somewhat of a weather rollercoaster ride as we'll get one day wet and windy and the following day, a little bit calmer with some sunshine. friday looks like being one of those windier, wetter days as we'll have low pressure in charge. lots of isobars on the charts, a weather front too indicating outbreaks of rain but what you will notice, it's going to be very mild for the time of year, particularly across england and wales as we start to pick up our breeze from the south—west. so a blustery start to friday, outbreaks of rain across southern areas eventually clearing away. start to see a bit of sunshine developing but lots of showers into the north and the west, some of these spreading further south and east through the day. a blustery day like i mentioned pretty much everywhere but it will be a mild one for central,
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southern areas especially, 11—13 degrees. something a bit fresher pushing into scotland, that's because the winds will be switching to a north—westerly and as we head through friday night, it stays blustery, particularly across northern areas with further showers although there'll be some drier interludes with a few clear spells but because of the breeze, it shouldn't be a cold night, temperatures no lower than 5 or 6 degrees for most of us. so into the weekend, well, the start of the weekend actually doesn't look too bad because we've got this bump of high pressure that'll settle things down before the next wet and windy spell moves in from the saturday night. so it could be a dry start for central and eastern areas, a bit of sunshine, variable cloud, i think that's how the day will pan out, mainly dry with variable cloud and some sunshine but these weather fronts will arrive across the north—west of the country, increasing wind, outbreaks of rain for northern ireland and into scotland, maybe just one or two showers putting into western england and wales. temperatures again, most of us double figures just about. and then through saturday night,
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the next frontal system moves through to bring a spell of wet and windy weather and as we head on into sunday, well, it looks like the main rain band should clear the south and east through the morning and then it's a largely bright day, sunny spells and blustery showers, most of these in the north and the west where they will be quite heavy at times, maybe some wintriness over the higher ground, as again, it's going to be quite cool across the north, single—figure values here, about 10—12 degrees across the south and east. and then it turns very windy later on sunday, especially in the south—west, a spell of severe gales for a time as that low pressure clears away. as we head on into monday, another bump of high pressure which should best settle things down so it should be largely dry with some sunny spells, lighter winds, too, before the next frontal system moves in on tuesday to bring another round of wet and windy weather. his opposite number from dover.
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more news any time you wanted on bbc. right now it is time for hardtalk. welcome to hardtalk. i'm stephen sackur. it's 18 years since al-qaeda's 9/11 attack on the united states. the impact still reverberate even as memories fade. the us government responded by adopting a counterterrorist strategy embracing enhanced interrogation, that was a euphemism for torture. we know what happened because of the work of my guest today, danieljones, who led a six—year investigation into the cia's darkest secrets. now his story has been turned into a movie, but did america long ago cease to care?
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danieljones, welcome to hardtalk. thank you for having me. a film has just come out betraying your battle to write this report into what the cia did and it's countertourism operations up 9/11. it was some time ago, but is it you like unfinished business to you? in so many ways, the terms of how the united states responded to 9/11 from a policy perspective on the war on terror is still unfolding and impacting how we fight these battles today with isis and other foreign adversaries. but this report of yours, it was sort of six years


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