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tv   BBC News at One  BBC News  December 11, 2019 1:00pm-1:31pm GMT

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it's the final day of campaigning for tomorrow's general election. party leaders are travelling across the country, targeting marginal seats, in an attempt to win over undecided voters. borisjohnson boris johnson says borisjohnson says it is the most important election for a generation, jeremy corbyn says the nation is at a fork jeremy corbyn says the nation is at afork in jeremy corbyn says the nation is at a fork in the road. we, the voters, face a seismic choice, with the divide between the two men vying to be prime minister never more stark. we'll be live with our correspondents across the country. also this lunchtime: aung san suu kyi appears at the hague to reject accusations that myanmar‘s military committed genocide against rohinga muslims. recovery efforts are on hold in new zealand, as more volcanic activity is predicted for white island, following monday's fatal eruption.
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the post office pays more than £57 million to settle its case with subpostmasters accused of mismanaging funds. and: would you eat a chocolate bar if you knew you had to run for 22 minutes to burn it off? researchers suggest a new way of labelling food. and, coming up on bbc news, spurs and manchester city both play in the champions league tonight withjose mourinho‘s side set to rest several players, both teams are already through to the last 16.
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good afternoon and welcome to the bbc news at one. it's the final day of campaigning in the general election and all the parties are trying to win the backing of undecided voters. the prime minister borisjohnson has been targeting seats in northern england and wales. the labour leaderjeremy corbyn started his day in scotland before moving to the north of england. jo swinson, the leader of the liberal democrats, is focusing on constituencies in south—east england. the snp leader nicola sturgeon has been meeting voters across scotland. our political correspondent chris mason has the latest. dawn had not even thought of breaking, and party leaders were out and about, boris johnson for the conservatives, pretending to be a milkman, in guiseley, in west yorkshire, but with a political message as well as a point of semi—skimmed to flog. message as well as a point of semi-skimmed to flog. we could tomorrow be going into another hung parliament, more drift, more dithering, more delay, more
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paralysis for the country. to say nothing of the economically disastrous policies of jeremy nothing of the economically disastrous policies ofjeremy corbyn and john mcdonnell. we have got to move forward, we have a fantastic agenda for the country. we can get " b rex it" agenda for the country. we can get "brexit" done. cheering in glasgow, in govan, jeremy corbyn of labour was up before the sun, and saying... tomorrow, the people all across the uk will go to vote, and they have a choice: they can elect a government that they can trust, they can elect a government that will eliminate child poverty, across britain. they can elect a government that will end the cruelty and the injustice of universal credit. today is all about the leaders clocking up the masochistic miles out on the campaign trail, to prove they have the vigour and the vitality and the verve to govern on friday, even though, bluntly, they are exhausted after weeks of campaigning. loads of videos coming out off them on the
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stump all over the country. videos coming out off them on the stump all over the countrylj videos coming out off them on the stump all over the country. i have visited nurseries, and very much enjoyed toasting marshmallows with four—year—olds. enjoyed toasting marshmallows with four-year-olds. liberal democrat leaderjo swinson has been reflecting on the campaign, on her visit to esher, in surrey, her last—minute message goes like this: to people who are at home watching, if you have a growing pile of liberal democrat leaflets on your kitchen table, be in no doubt, the liberal democrats can win in your seat! it will be a vote to stop brexit and to stop boris johnson. and that man must be stopped. the election is stop up in the air... and so is this butternut squash, enter volunteer greengrocer and scottish national party leader nicola sturgeon, in edinburgh. tory victory can be stopped, in scotland that means voting snp, the snp is the main challenger to the tories and voting for other parties risks helping the tories. if people don't want cuts to public services,
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if they don't want to be dragged out of europe against our will, boris johnson as prime minister, then, vote snp. we don't have any pictures of the welsh nationalists campaigning today, plate camera, but here they were, earlier in the campaign, the "brexit" party leader nigel farage has been in doncaster, and the green party says that it is raising the alarm on the climate emergency. “— raising the alarm on the climate emergency. —— plaid cymru. injusta few hours, the deafening clamour of campaigning will be over, the serenity and solitude of the polling booth will beckon. the country will decide who lives here for up to the next five years, in an election that will bring about big change, whoever wins. so, let's take a further look at where the main parties, conservatives, labour, liberal democrats and snp, are campaigning. and speak to our correspondents around the country — alex forsyth, iain watson, tom symonds and lorna gordon. lets head first to alex. there is
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a lwa ys lets head first to alex. there is always a bit of a frenzied field to the last day of an election campaign and that is why we saw borisjohnson with that predawn start in west yorkshire, pretending to be a milkman, before dashing out to derbyshire to pose with a pie, and not long landed in south wales, where he is off to visit a factory, amid the flurry of photo opportunities and campaign slogans, i think there is a tension, too, among the conservative team, that this is all still to play for and the outcome tomorrow is far from certain. borisjohnson the outcome tomorrow is far from certain. boris johnson himself the outcome tomorrow is far from certain. borisjohnson himself said it could not be closer. part of that is the message that he wants to get across to try to mobilise supporters, convince them that he is not complacent about the outcome of this election. alongside that there are some real nerves, because the conservatives have banked everything on putting brexit front and centre of theircampaign, on putting brexit front and centre of their campaign, hoping it transcends to traditional party loyalties and tomorrow, they will
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see whether or not that has paid off. inaudible jeremy corbyn is about to address a rally in middlesbrough, travelling 500 miles across the country today, started in glasgow, he will finish with a big rally in his constituency in london, this evening, what he is trying to do is set out really thick red lines, policy red lines between him and boris johnson. red lines, policy red lines between him and borisjohnson. he will be talking about abolishing tuition fees, getting rid of the injustice of universal credit, but he has another big task in this part of north—east england, this area voted solidly to leave the european union, 65% voted to leave the party. the chairman, ian avery, on that stage if you minutes ago, he said this election is not about brexit, he wanted to talk about other issues too. jeremy corbyn is task, because some labour insiders are telling me, they expect a net loss of seats as things stand, his task is to make
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sure that people who usually vote for him and his party but voted leave in 2016, tomorrow, will finally stay loyal to labour. we are on the lib dems battle bus, arriving in wimbledon, it has been a very busy morning forjo swinson and the bus, she has been visiting three constituencies all with conservative mps, one of them, dominic raab, foreign secretary, where the lib dems are not even in second place and the constituencies will have healthy conservative majorities. why is this her final three places to visit? well, because, they are all solid remain constituencies and jo swinson started talking about staying in the eu and she is finishing, on the last day of the campaign, with the same message. these polls are suggesting it will be tricky for her to assume that people will vote as they voted during the referendum, she is hoping they will and she says she is hopeful that in one constituency, richmond park, where zac goldsmith
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is the mp, that he, they are, might be toast. as for boris johnson, is the mp, that he, they are, might be toast. as for borisjohnson, the main attack point is that he will be an appalling prime minister and he must be stopped. a__ a —— around scottish key seats today, we will see nicola sturgeon, the snp leader, in marginals, and top target seats for her party as well, a little earlier she was in edinburgh, we will see her in east dunbartonshire, a couple of glasgow seats and here in stirling, a little later. a seat they are trying to win from the conservatives. nicola sturgeon wrote an open letter to the scottish people today saying the snp are the progressive party of scottish politics, arguing scotland cannot afford five more years of borisjohnson cannot afford five more years of boris johnson and calling cannot afford five more years of borisjohnson and calling on voters to chuck him out of downing street, to chuck him out of downing street, to deny him the keys to number ten. nicola sturgeon said borisjohnson is the greatest danger to scotland of any prime minister in modern
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times. one other thing worth noting, if the snp do get 50 seats, the former leader of the scottish conservatives, ruth davidson, has said she will go skinny in loch ness, if the snp when that number of seats. that would be a big ask with 59 seats, available, but everything to play for with campaigning across the country in the last few hours. thank you very much everyone. so, where do the parties stand on key issues and how do their policies compare? christian fraser has been taking a look. so, it's almost decision time. i can't go through the manifestos of every party but what i am going to give you is a fast and furious guide to the top policies from each party. so we'll start with the conservatives. if borisjohnson is returned with a majority, his withdrawal agreement bill would be back before parliament before year end, with the aim of leaving the european union byjanuary. labour is promising record spending. an unprecedented spend of £400 billion — a national transformation fund, they call it, including 250 billion for their nationalisation programme.
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it will be spent on energy, transport and the environment, with 150 billion for schools, hospitals and housing. the liberal democrats would cancel brexit, revoking article 50, which they say would release a brexit bonus of £50 billion, which they would spend on public services over the next five years. if the scottish national party were in a coalition with a labour minority government, they would want another referendum in 2020. that's their pledge, a referendum on scottish independence. plaid cymru is another of the parties that wants a second referendum on brexit. the green party would prefer the focus was on the climate crisis. £100 billion a year over a decade to tackle climate change, mainly paid for by borrowing. and the brexit party, not a manifesto — they call it
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a people's charter — but clearly their top policy is to leave all the institutions of the eu and restore the primacy of uk law. so, there you have it. of course, there are policies as well for those parties that are standing in northern ireland. if you want to go and have a look at the manifestos in full in more detail, it is all there on the website. you can choose a nation, select a party and have a look at the details they've set out. so what are the chances of any party gaining a majority? jeremy vine has been looking at the numbers. let me show you first of all the result of the last general election — 326 seats needed for a majority in the house of commons, and the conservatives fell short with 318. labour quite a long way behind — here we go, 262 for them. and then we have the snp down a bit, 35, and the lib dems and so on. now, the result of that was that the conservatives could not govern with a majority in the house of commons. they were short by eight seats, and we had two years
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of chaos in parliament. realistically, there are only two parties who can win this election. let's have a look at both of them now. let's look first at the conservatives' targets. here, i show you the seats they are zoning in on, the ones with the smallest majorities last time — just 20—something votes in it, in perth and north perthshire, kensington, derby north, newcastle—under—lyme, crewe and nantwich, all with majorities of less than 100, really tight. the conservatives aren't expecting to make big gains in scotland, to say the least, so let's take scottish seats out of it and just look at english and welsh seats here. if they need just eight seats, the eighth is ashfield in nottinghamshire. let me show you on our map — just here. now, that, of course, presupposes the conservatives don't lose seats. if they lose in scotland, london and so on, they'll need more seats from this board. labour have a much bigger hill to climb. let's look at the seats they might be focusing on, and we start again with
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the ones with the smallest, tightest majorities — southampton itchen from the conservatives and glasgow south west and glasgow east and so on. these are the ones labour are zoning in on. in order for labour to have an overall majority in the house of commons, they'd have to take all 32 of these seats and they'd have to go down the next board as well, all the way down these columns here to east kilbride, which is a very, very hard job. they are not polling well in scotland, so i'll take the scottish seats out. i'll show you where they have to get to — all the way down here, rochford in essex, which is this seat here. if they gain this seat and all the ones before it, they have an overall majority in the house of commons, but there's a 5,500 vote majority for the conservatives in rochford. just to be the largest party, labour would still need to go all the way down the screen here to about the 30th seat, morley and outwood, which used to be ed balls‘.
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so, a big hill to climb for labour, but by no means in the bag for the conservatives. our assistant political editor norman smith is at westminster. we are nearly there, what are your thoughts, as we go into polling day? i suspect a lot of folk are probably feeling pretty weary after what has been, let's be honest, rather uninspiring campaign, and all that after the long, gruelling saga of brexit but, folks, we all need to perk upa brexit but, folks, we all need to perk up a bit because tomorrow is truly a seismic day. the choice on offer at the election, i think is probably greater than we have had in our lifetimes, with two markedly different visions for the future of this country. jeremy corbyn offering a future in which there will be a much bigger role for the state, in
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our daily lives, certainly in the economy, with the nationalisation of key industries and the state taking a leading role in creating jobs, and building houses. in the belief that only the state has the muscle to end poverty, and tackle inequality. borisjohnson pledging boris johnson pledging come borisjohnson pledging come what may to get us out of europe at last, and that will involve huge change for this country, his belief that it will unleash the potential of this country, that we would get back our swagger and economic and political mojo. so huge, huge change in this country. so, wake up, everyone. tomorrow, it is a big day for all of us. and the bbc‘s election night coverage begins tomorrow evening at 9.55pm. you can watch that on bbc one and the bbc news channel, presented by huw edwards, with reporters across the country.
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our top story this lunchtime... with just one day to go the general election, party leaders are travelling across the country in an attempt to win over undecided voters. and coming up... teenage activist greta thunberg tells world leaders to start behaving and take more action on climate change. coming up on bbc news... test cricket returns to pakistan for the first time in a decade after a deadly bus attack, as they take on sri lanka. aung san suu kyi, the leader of myanmar, has denied accusations of genocide at the united nations‘ top court. a military crackdown in myanmar in 2017 resulted in thousands of rohingya muslims being killed, and more than 700,000 people fled
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to neighbouring bangladesh. aung san suu kyi blamed the violence and mass displacement on militants seeking independence, though she added it could not be ruled out that disproportionate force was used by her country's defence forces. anna holligan reports from the hague. waiting in anticipation for a glimpse of the woman they call mother suu. she is shrouded with fake news and many other, er, unfair charges, so this is our chance to prove to the world that it is early to give a true picture of what is really happening in myanmar. the world was watching as, for the first time, aung san suu kyi responded to the allegations that myanmar has been trying to exterminate the rohingya population.
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a woman once considered a global human rights icon told thejudges she understood the definition of genocide, but went on to characterise the situation in myanmar is something else, an internal armed conflict which began when rohingya militants killed nine police officers. regrettably, the gambia has placed before the court an incomplete and misleading factual picture of the situation in rakhine state in myanmar. yet it is of the utmost importance that the court assesses the situation pertaining on the ground in rakhine dispassionately and accurately. she claims the clearance operation carried out by myanmar‘s army, which left an estimated 10,000 rohingya dead, was a legitimate response to a terrorist threat, though she did concede individual soldiers may have made mistakes. mr president, it cannot be ruled out that disproportionate force was used
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by members of the defence services in some cases, in disregard of international humanitarian law, or that they did not distinguish clearly enough between fighters and civilians. aung san suu kyi made no reference to the harrowing witness testimony from rohingya survivors, some read out in court yesterday, who spoke of military firing squads, gang rapes and babies blown into burning buildings. these rohingya fear their families are being erased from rakhine state. they are urging the judges to agree to the gambia's request for emergency measures to protect the 600,000 rohingya who remain in myanmar. the woman who many once regarded as their brightest hope stood in court and urged thejudges not to intervene and risk aggravating what aung san suu kyi described
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as a complex conflict. our myanmar correspondent, nick beake, is at the hague for us. bring us the latest. this was another remarkable day in the extraordinary life of aung san suu kyi, the nobel peace prizewinner, defending the charge of genocide, andi defending the charge of genocide, and i it was striking today the western world, which supported her for so long in herfight for democracy, it was the target of her criticism. she was saying that basically the western world did not understand what had been going on in her country. as we heard in the report, there was some admission that the military may have committed crimes, possibly war crimes. she talked about at one point gunships targeting civilians. but she said rest assured, we will look into this, and anybody who has committed crimes will be brought to justice. the problem is 70 people in the western world do not believe that
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myanmar has the will to do this. she will be back in court tomorrow, but it was really a momentous day in the story of aung san suu kyi and the fight forjustice story of aung san suu kyi and the fight for justice for the rohingya. new zealand's geological agency has warned that more volcanic activity is expected on white island in the next 2a hours, following the eruption on monday in which six people are known to have died. another eight are unaccounted for and presumed dead, and more than 20 people are still in hospital being treated for burns. our correspondent, shaimaa khalil, has sent this update. there has been increased volcano activity on white island today. you could see thicker plumes of smoke in the area just above the volcano, and it's been growing in intensity throughout the day. we also heard from volcanologists that there is a higher risk of an eruption within the next 2a hours. new zealand's chief of civil defence has also spoken about the implications of those conditions on the recovery mission. every day that passes with those
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bodies unrecovered is a day of anguish for their loved ones who have been affected. there is always a delicate balancing act when it comes to recovery operations where risk to human life exists, and right now the science tells us that this is just too high. we also heard from a senior doctor who said that the burns that are currently being treated in hospitals across the country have been complicated by the fact that victims were exposed to chemicals and gases after the eruption. we currently have supply, but are urgently sourcing additional supplies to meet the demand for dressing and temporary skin grafts. we anticipate we will require an additional 1.2 million square centimetres of skin for the ongoing needs of the patients. these supplies are coming from the united states, and the order has been placed. we also know that an australian citizen is now being transferred back to sydney for treatment
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and that families of victims have started arriving in new zealand. but really, at this point, all eyes are on that island and the possibility of a recovery mission that's become too complicated and possibly too dangerous. shaimaa khalil in new zealand. the environmental campaigner greta thunberg has accused governments and corporations of failing to tackle climate change and hiding behind clever accounting and creative pr. addressing the un climate summit in madrid, she criticised what she said were constant attempts to find loopholes to avoid emission targets. greta thunberg has just been named time magazine's person of the year. our environment correspondent, matt mcgrath, reports from the summit. just a year ago, she was a little—known swedish climate striker with a home—made sign. but she arrived in madrid for cop25 as the world's most famous climate activist. greta thunberg came to this key
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climate conference not to generate soundbites, she said, but to reiterate that the science was clear — this was an emergency and the world was not treating it like one. so, please tell me, how do you react to these numbers without feeling at least some level of panic? how do you respond to the fact that basically nothing is being done about this without feeling the slightest bit of anger? and how do you communicate this without sounding alarmist? i would really like to know. ms thunberg lambasted the politicians and negotiators here, saying they were more concerned with finding loopholes in the laws than fixing the problem. our leaders are not behaving as if we were in an emergency. in an emergency, you change your behaviour. if there is a child standing
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in the middle of the road and cars are coming at full speed, you don't look away because it's too uncomfortable. you immediately run out and rescue that child. while greta's impassioned speech drew great applause from the audience here, her problem was that she was speaking to the converted. many of the key negotiators here at these talks simply stayed away. protesters in australia have vented their concern about the wildfires that are sweeping the country and their government's lack of ambition and climate change. delegates at the cop, meanwhile, are bogged down in the arcane details of the negotiations. it could be that, in greta's words, the climate crisis will only be solved by citizens on the streets. matt mcgrath, bbc news, madrid. the post office has agreed to pay more than £57 million to settle a dispute with former subpostmasters. it brings to an end a series
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of court cases about a computer system which was used to manage local post office finances. our personal finance correspondent, simon gompertz, is here. this had affected quite a lot of people. explain more. 550 postmasters and post—mistresses have been bringing this case. it goes back to the beginning of the century, the year 2000, when a new system called horizon was brought in to manage the finances of the local post offices, and shortfalls began to appear in their money day after day. now, the people involved say it was as a result of glitches in horizon, the new system. the post office said it was their fault, people lost their contracts, they we re people lost their contracts, they were accused of fraud, false accounting, theft. they say their lives were ruined, and so we have this case. four mammoth trials, the
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post office losing the first, and then they sought mediation, and the result of it is this settlement of £58 million, and the post office saying they know that wrong things happened. i suppose the question is how much those individual postmasters and post mistresses are going to get, and the money has to be taken off the total for the legal fees for a firm which backs litigation, which gets its share, but you can still see individuals getting tens of thousands, perhaps more, where they were worst affected. flag now, would you think again about eating that chocolate bar or packet of crisps if the packaging told you how many minutes of exercise it would take to burn it off? researchers at loughborough university are suggesting that putting that sort of information on labels could help us all make healthier food choices. dominic hughes has the details. food already carries information about calories, fat, sugar and salt content, but researchers say the current system is poorly understood and it's not having an impact on rising
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levels of obesity. so what about labelling that tells you the amount and type of exercise you'd need to do to burn off all those calories? we know that the public consistently underestimate the amount of calories — so, if you ask the public how many calories are in this food, they often underestimate how many are in it — so we would like to see physical activity carry equivalent labelling, because actually it gives a meaning and context to the amount of exercise or physical activity required to burn that food. as a rough guide to the link between exercise and food, let's put together a lunchtime meal deal — a chicken and bacon sandwich, roughly a45 calories, would require 42 minutes of slow running. a chocolate bar, 229 calories, would need 22 minutes of running. wash that down with a medium mocha coffee — that's 290 calories and 28 minutes of running. all up, that's more than an hour and a half of running. researchers say such a labelling system could save nearly 200
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calories per person per day, but would it really change our behaviour? i think you'd frighten a lot of people. you'd go, urgh! i think people would be... i think a lot of people would be interested and more inclined to exercise and know what they've got to do to work it off. it's really important with the issue of obesity and stuff right now that people know what they are putting into their bodies and how much they need to do to counteract that, but i also think that, with diet culture and all that sort of thing and eating disorders and stuff, it could cause a lot of mental difficulty as well. there is a disconnect between what you are eating and kind of what exercise you would expect to burn it off, so i think putting a quantifiable number on it would make that connect easier so people understand it more, myself included. nutritionists point out that we burn calories all the time, even without exercising, and that food is a vital source


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