i'm rico hizon in singapore. the headlines: marathon talks on climate change close in madrid, but a compromise deal prompts scathing criticism. we prompts scathing criticism. will never accept cruml future, we will never accept crumbs of a future, and we will make the polluters pay. this cop has failed the people on the planet. —— and the planet. indian police clash with demonstrators on the streets of delhi, as protests over a new citizenship law intensify. i'm kasia madera in london.
also in the programme: a minute's silence as new zealand pays tribute to the victims of last week's deadly volcano eruption. and in the philippines, a key day in the cyber libel trial of a journalist and outspoken critic of the president. good morning. it is 8:00am in singapore, midnight in london, and 1:00am in madrid, where the longest un climate talks ever held have finished with a compromise deal on tackling climate change. the agreement means all countries will put new, tougher carbon—cutting plans on the table in time for another major conference in scotland next year. our science editor david shukman has the details. we're starting to get a little lost.
we are kind of lost. 0k. confusion and fatigue after the longest session of climate negotiations on record. we are a little confused about what documents are being discussed. the hope had been to speed up the fight against rising temperatures. instead, the talks limped to a compromise that left many unhappy, especially the island nations that fear for their futures. the gases driving up temperatures are being blasted out in ever greater quantities, and the most vulnerable countries were banking on getting new promises to cut these emissions. their worry is that a hotter world will see more melting of the ice caps, and a higher sea level, threatening coastlines around the world. the whole point of these talks over the last quarter of a century has been to try to stop global temperatures from rising to dangerous levels.
the world has already warmed byjust over one degree celsius over the last 150 years. and a rise of up to 1.5 degrees is regarded as the maximum safe limit. but, even with all the pledges that countries have made on climate change, we're still heading for an increase of at least three degrees despite all these conferences. so what happens now? the world's biggest polluter, china, is still using coal, the dirtiest kind of fuel, and has plans to burn a lot more of it. but there are hints that next year we will see a greener chinese policy emerge. and, all the time, reminders of the threat. australia is enduring unprecedented bushfires, and the coming days there could also see record heat. david shukman, bbc news. we will be getting an update on those bushfires from our correspondent in sydney. let's take a look at some of the day's other news: activists are protesting through the night in the indian capital, delhi, accusing police of attacking students demonstrating
against a new citizenship law. the new law entitles non—muslim refugees from three neighbouring muslim—majority countries to citizenship if they are facing religious persecution. muslim refugees are excluded from the bill. pratiksha ghildial reports. extraordinary scenes in india's capital. this is the fifth straight day of violent protests across many parts of the country. screaming. here, the security forces clash with students from a top university. the students claim the police violently entered the jamia millia islamia university and assaulted them. the police say they were attacked with stones. the students were protesting against india's new citizenship law, that allows migrants from neighbouring countries to get indian citizenship, except if they are muslims.
it's notjust delhi that has erupted with anger. in the north—eastern state of assam, they're on the streets for different reasons. these people fear the new law will lead to them being overrun by migrants from neighbouring bangladesh, both hindus and muslims. at least two people were killed here, reportedly in firing by security forces. 17—year—old sam stafford was one of them. a passionate musician, he wanted to show solidarity with his friends who were protesting against the new citizenship law. "we got a call that sam was hit by bullets", she tells me, "and he died on the spot. i wantjustice. i want to know why he was shot. he committed no crime." meanwhile, people are determined to show resistance. even as the authorities continue the clamp—down. pratiksha ghildial, bbc news, assam.
also making news today: the number of people using hong kong international airport has hit its lowest level in a decade. it handled just over 5 million passengers in november, down 16% from a year earlier. that is being put down to the often violent pro—democracy protests which have been taking place over the past six months. there was more unrest on sunday, although not on the scale seen in previous weeks. police used pepper spray and made several arrests as demonstrators targeted some of the city's shopping malls. meanwhile hong kong's chief executive, carrie lam, is in beijing, where she is expected to meet the chinese president, xijinping, later on monday. both she and the government there have insisted they will not give in to any of the pro—democracy protestors‘ demands, although ms lam did earlier scrap the law which would have allowed suspects to be taken from hong kong to stand trial in mainland china, which was the trigger for the original protests.
the us geological survey has recorded 18 significant earthquakes near the city of davao in the southern philippines in less than 2a hours. the strongest had a magnitude of 6.8 and led to the death of a six—year—old girl when a wall collapsed. it is feared several people could be trapped under fallen rubble. a sea rch—and—rescue operation is under way. taylor swift has announced she will be headlining glastonbury festival next year. the american superstar tweeted to say she will be performing on the sunday night for the legendary event's 50th anniversary. and how about this for a feat of athletic endurance by an 84—year—old man. royjorgen svenningsen from canada has become the oldest person ever to complete the antarctic ice marathon. it took him 11 hours, 41 minutes and 58 seconds to complete the course at the union glacier exploration camp. roy ran his first marathon 55 years ago and was given a special medal
for his efforts near the south pole. a minute's silence will be observed in new zealand to mark one week since the deadly eruption of white island volcano. the tribute will be held at at the exact moment the eruption happened last monday. 16 deaths have been confirmed, while two bodies are still missing, believed to be in the water off the island. our correspondent phil mercer joins me from sydney. what more can you tell us about the search for more missing victims? well, there will be no navy or police diving operation of white island trying to find the last remaining two victims of last monday's volcanic eruption, rico.
there will be more aerial surveillance over the weekend. teams went back into the water and back onto the island itself looking for those unaccounted for bodies, two of them without success. but the police to say that they are committed, and as long as there is a chance of finding those individuals, they will keep going back. and we understand that there is a plan for those police divers to go back into the waters on tuesday in search of those two bodies. four more bodies have been formally identified by the authorities. they are all australians, and clearly, rico, what happened on white island a week ago is sending shockwaves well beyond the bay of plenty in new zealand. there are victims and survivors from australia, germany, the united states, britain, china and malaysia, and the country will come to a
standstill. many people in new zealand observing that minute's silence injust over zealand observing that minute's silence in just over an zealand observing that minute's silence injust over an hour's zealand observing that minute's silence in just over an hour's time. what kind of impact has this had on the news new zealand people, feel, and the community? i think the prime minister of new zealand, jacinda ardern, has summed up her nation's thoughts once again. she did it after the mosque attacks in march of this year in christchurch, and she said after the eruption of white island, almost exactly a week ago, that this was an extraordinary tragedy that has saddened and shocked so many people. of course, she spared a thought for the relatives of those unaccounted for, and their grief must be unimaginable. and we also imagine that, during that minute's silence, people in new zealand and elsewhere will be sparing more than a thought for about 20 people who remain in intensive care with very serious burns in new zealand, and here in
australia. there was a report last week, rico, that new zealand health authorities were requesting 1.2 million— 1.2 million — square centimetres of donated skin to help in the surgery of those burns victims. so those survivors will be in the thoughts of new zealanders when they pause for a moment in about an hour's time. thank you so much for that update from sydney, the bbc‘s phil mercer. let's turn to the philippines, where the high—profile trial of an online magazine editor for cyber libel is set to resume in the next half—hour. maria ressa from the rappler site is a prominent critic of president duterte. she is facing 11 charges in all. she says it is just a politically motivated attack aimed at shutting her website down. howard johnson is monitoring the case and join us from outside the court in manila. i believe maria ressa hasjust arrived. yes, i hubbub here in the
car park outside of the court. maria ressa is just going car park outside of the court. maria ressa isjust going up car park outside of the court. maria ressa is just going up to the courtroom now, which is about three flights of stairs up there. today she will begin the defence with three other of the founders of rappler. they say that this case is politically motivated because of the very interesting timings of the case. the articles written in 2012, but the case was brought before the national bureau of investigation in 2017. they rejected the case initially, and then a year later, in 2018, the department ofjustice decided to push ahead with it, raising questions because no new evidence had been presented to the doj. also, the terms of proscription, of liability, of articles, have been changed from one year to 12, allowing for this article to be questioned. now, the businessmen who caught this case says he has been defamed in the eyes of the public. he said the article which alleged he was involved in human trafficking and drug dealing was completely a fabrication, and he has brought this case here in this
court. we will find out more details today. and an awful lot of interest, this has been going on for a few months now, but maria ressa, she has been getting some celebrity support. yes, of course, she is backed by amal clooney, who is the prominent human rights lawyer and also the wife of george clooney, but last week the megastar‘s —— megastar ‘s u2 use this as a platform to single her out as a truth teller who keeps the country safe. she singled out maria ressa as an incredible woman. that didn't go down well with fans of rodrigo duterte, who used social media to blast the band, telling them not to come to the philippines ever again. and there are some that are even calling this, howard, a test case in press freedom. yes, this is because maria ressa and the rappler team have been very strong in their criticism of the war on drugs here, and a lot of
hard—hitting drugs here, and a lot of ha rd—hitting investigative work drugs here, and a lot of hard—hitting investigative work has gone on, and that has angered president roderigo duterte. he called them a fake news outlet. he also said there were —— they were american owned. there are 11 charges against rappler, including tax evasion. and also what we are seeing is the government saying this has got nothing to do with freedom of speech. we support freedom of speech, we believe this isjust a case of a private businessmen who has been defamed in public, and this is just has been defamed in public, and this isjust simply has been defamed in public, and this is just simply a private case that needs to be resolved in the court here. howard, as always, thank you for talking us through. maria ressa is there, i am sure the moment that gets under way, you will bring us up—to—date. thank you. you are watching newsday on the bbc. still to come on the programme: putin's 20 years in power. a special report on the changing face of russia. also on the programme: recipes with a royal ingredient. christmas cooking with the duke and duchess of cambridge.
saddam hussein is finished because he killed our people, our women, our children. the signatures took only a few minutes, but they have brought a formal end to 3.5 years of conflict that has claimed more than 200,000 lives. before an audience of world leaders, the presidents of bosnia, serbia and croatia put their names to the peace agreement. the romanian border was sealed and silent today. romania has cut itself off from the outside world in order to prevent the details of the presumed massacre in timisoara from leaking out. from sex at the white house to a trial for his political life, the lewinsky affair tonight guaranteed bill clinton his place in history as only the second
president ever to be impeached. this is newsday on the bbc. i'm rico hizon, in singapore. i'm kasia madera, in london. our top stories: critics have attacked a compromise deal on tackling climate change. they say the un summit in madrid failed the people and the planet. violence in the indian capital delhi, as protestors say a new citizenship law discriminates against muslims. let's take a look at some front pages from around the world: first, the front page of singapore's straits times has this gloomy assesment of the climate conference in madrid. the paper says the talks have failed to achieve progress. next is the philippine star. it leads with this image of the aftermath of the powerful
earthquake that hit the southern island of mindanao on sunday, injuring several people. and finally the front page of the new york times with a story from denmark, which is, apparently, desperately looking for television professionals to help with rising global demand for its critically acclaimed series and movies. the demand for danish shows is huge, but the country lacks professionals to make them. now kasia, some amazing pictures from new south wales are attracting attention online. rico, pictures of a bush fire less than 100 miles from sydney are getting a lot of attention on our website. they were filmed by firefighters in the blue mountains, and they show a phenomenon known as crowning.
this is where the flames leap from the tops of the trees. an extraordinary phenomenon. really, really dangerous. at least four people have been killed in the bush fires in southeastern australia since november. and more than a million hectares of farmland and bush have been consumed by the flames. british politicians are due to return to westminster following last week's general election. new mps will collect their passes but they won't be sworn in until tuesday, when the new parliament sits for the first time. labour's shadow finance minister, john mcdonnell, has been speaking to the bbc‘s andrew marr about his party's dismal performance, which saw them lose 59 seats. mr mcdonnell says he takes personal responsibility for the result. it is on me. let take it on the
chin. i own this disaster so i apologise. i apologise to all those wonderful labour mps who lost their sense, i apologise to all the campaigners but most of all i apologise to those people that desperately need a labour government. if anyone is to blame, it is me. it's 20 years since vladimir putin came to power, first as prime minister, and then as president of russia. in that time, he's built a system of power which revolves around him, resulting in all major decisions being taken by the kremlin. that's why many russians feel they have to go directly to him to solve their problems, sometimes with remarkable success, as steve rosenberg reports from eastern siberia. russian rulers are like siberian winters, they go on and on. joseph stalin's icy grip spanned
a quarter of a century. brezhnev ruled 18 years. for vladimir putin, it's already 20, and counting. nadiezhda is a putin fan. when eight houses in her village burnt down, she went on tv and begged the president for help. the very next day, mr putin sent in the builders, and — abracadabra — new homes, courtesy of the kremlin. nadiezhda even got to meet russia's leader and shake his hand. translation: people in the village told me, don't wash your hand for a year. some of them asked me to shake their hands with the hand the president shook. under putin, russia has risen from her knees. let him stay in power. give him another 20 years.
this is exactly how vladimir putin wants his people to see him, as the solution to their problems, not as the cause of them. and because the kremlin controls the media here, and the whole political system, for the last 20 years it has been able to push this message quite successfully. over the last two decades, vladimir putin has honed the image of modern—day tsar, all—powerful, irreplaceable. but not everyone in russia believes that is a good thing. someone who's been in powerfor that long cannot avoid beginning to think that he is very special, that he is more intelligent than anyone else, that he knows it all. gradually, you succumb to this aura of being the only and the one great, and so on, and that's very dangerous for a country.
boris yeltsin didn't succumb. 20 years ago, he stepped down early to hand over to putin. valentin yumashev played a key role in that decision. as boris yeltsin‘s chief of staff, he had hired putin to be his deputy, and later recommended him to yeltsin as a possible future president. so what does he think? will putin leave office when constitutionally obliged to, infouryears‘ time? translation: if we asked putin now about 2024, he'd say 100% that he will step down. but that's four years away. the situation will be different. we don't know what vladimir putin will do then. what we do know is that, although russian winters are long, they do end eventually, and so eventually will the putin era.
but what comes next? what kind of leader? it's too soon to predict. steve rosenberg, bbc news, siberia. kate and william, the duke and duchess of cambridge, will be showing off their culinary skills for a festive bbc show with national treasure, mary berry. the special programme will see the royal couple combine cooking with a tour of good causes they are supporting this christmas. our royal correspondent daniela relph has had a sneak preview. baking royalty meets real loyalty. but it was the duchess of cambridge who was a super fan here. she even confessed one of prince louis's first words was mary, due to the number of mary berry cookbooks around the royal kitchen. so do you do a bit of cooking with your children? yes, i really enjoy it.
again, for them to be creative, for them to try and be as independent as possible with it. actually, one of the last things we cooked together was your pizza dough. we made pizzas. did you? with your pizza dough recipe, and... did it work? it did work. they loved it, absolutely loved it. the programme explores the royals‘ charity projects. william took mary berry to the passage homeless charity, a place he first visited with his mother around 30 years ago. he said princess diana brought her sons here to show them life beyond palace walls, something he is now trying to do with his own children. do you talk to your children about your thoughts and your views, and show them? will you bring them along here when they're a bit bigger? absolutely, and on the school run — i know it sounds a little bit contrived — but on the school run already, bearing in mind they're six and four, whenever we see anyone sleeping rough on the streets, i talk about it, and i point it out, and i explain why.
and they're all very interested, they're like, "why is that person...? why can't they go home?" on your marks, get set, go. there was of course a royal bake off, with william drafting in expert help while his wife revealed his cooking skills. he's very good at breakfast. university days, he used to cook all sorts of meals. i think that's when he was trying to impress me, mary. it is a christmas behind—the—scenes peek at their work and home life of this future king and queen. daniela relph, bbc news. looking forward to watching this tv special. you have been watching newsday. i'm kasia madera, in london. and rico, with just got over a week to go until christmas, we have another ginger bread themed story. last week we brought you the huge ginger bread village made in poland. today it's these gingerbread models, just some of the entrants in the 29th annual swedish baking competition, held in stockholm. among the entrants, an edible model of the teenage climate campaigner, greta thunberg.
and a bite—size replica of the notre dame cathedral, complete with fire in paris. thank you for watching. after some heavy overnight showers and plunging temperatures, a wintry note for some stop we are sad to see temperatures rise more widely across the uk but the payoff during the second half of the week is wetter and windier weather set to return once again. on monday morning, a chilly start. showers through the night. temperatures will below enough for slippery conditions particularly northern england and some central and southern parts of scotland. snow over the hills. through the day, show is more frequent through the rest of scotland. in the south, a few showers around. overall, a dry
afternoon. bright and less windy. temperatures will be the same as we have seen through the weekend. the second of the sunsets, they will plummet away. another chilly night. showers in western scotland, northern ireland, giving a further covering of snow across the highlands. wetter across east anglia and the channel island. a greater chance of some of patches into the tuesday morning rush—hour. cloud and outbreaks of rain in the south—east corner. fog elsewhere but clearing. many having a dry day but quite a chilly one. a cold night will follow up chilly one. a cold night will follow up with widespread frost and the return of fog patches. this ridge of
high pressure keeping things dry to ta ke high pressure keeping things dry to take us into the start of wednesday. a lovely chris sunny start if you avoid the fog. —— crisp. windier and wetter and temperatures on the rise by the end of the day. scotland, northern is in england, a chilly date with sunny spells. rain arriving as we go through wednesday night stop blood pressure out to the west, wentz will keep temperatures up, no frost to take us into thursday morning. rain across the grampians and the highlands. that clears north was. thursday, a story of sunshine and heavy and thundery showers. friday, more rain for many of you but temperatures on the up.
with bbc world news. our top story: the longest un climate talks ever held have finished with a compromise deal on tackling climate change. delegates and environmental campaigners called it an utter failure, blaming some of the most polluting nations for holding back decisive action. activists are continuing their protests in the indian capital, delhi, accusing police of attacking students demonstrating against a controversial new law. it allows migrants escaping religious persecution in neighbouring countries to claim citizenship, but not if they're muslim. and 84—year—old roy jorgen svenningsen from canada is getting a lot of attention on our website. he has become the oldest person ever to complete the antarctic ice marathon. it took him 11 hours, 41 minutes and 58 seconds to finish the course. that's all, stay with bbc world news. now on bbc news, hardtalk‘s stephen sackur interviews