meaning i'm rico hizon in singapore, the headlines: marathon talks on climate change close in madrid. but a compromise deal prompts scathing criticism. we will rise and unleash unprecedented movements if governments keep failing the people and the planet. we are closing ranks. indian police clash with demonstrators on the streets of delhi as protests over a new citizenship law intensify. i'm kasia madera in london. also in the programme: a minute's silence as new zealand pays tribute to the victims of last week's deadly volcanic eruption. and in the philippines, a key day in the cyber libel trial
of a journalist and outspoken critic of president duterte. announcer: life from our studios in singapore and london. this is bbc world news. it is newsday. good morning. it's 9am in singapore, 1am in london, and 2 in the morning in madrid — where the longest un climate talks ever held have finished with a compromise deal on tackling climate change. the agreement means all countries will put new, tougher carbon—cutting plans on the table in time for another major conference in scotland next year. our science editor david shukman has the details. we're starting to get a little lost. we are kind of lost.
0k. confusion and fatigue after the longest session of climate negotiations on record. we are a little confused about what documents are being discussed. the hope had been to speed up the fight against rising temperatures. instead, the talks limped to a compromise that left many unhappy, especially the island nations that fear for their futures. the gases driving up temperatures are being blasted out in ever greater quantities, and the most vulnerable countries were banking on getting new promises to cut these emissions. their worry is that a hotter world will see more melting of the ice caps, and a higher sea level, threatening coastlines around the world. the whole point of these talks over the last quarter of a century has been to try to stop global temperatures from rising to dangerous levels. the world has already warmed byjust over one degree celsius over the last 150 years, and a rise of up
to 1.5 degrees is regarded as the maximum safe limit. but, even with all the pledges that countries have made on climate change, we're still heading for an increase of at least three degrees, despite all these conferences. so what happens now? the world's biggest polluter, china, is still using coal, the dirtiest kind of fuel, and has plans to burn a lot more of it. but there are hints that next year we will see a greener chinese policy emerge. and, all the time, reminders of the threat. australia is enduring unprecedented bushfires, and the coming days there could also see record heat. david shukman, bbc news. and a little later on newsday, we have some more extraordinary pictures of those bushfires in australia. let's take a look at some of the day's other news. activists have been protesting through the night in the indian capital delhi, accusing police of attacking
students demonstrating against a new citizenship law. the new law entitles non—muslim refugees from three neighbouring muslim—majority countries to citizenship, if they are facing religious persecution. muslim refugees are excluded from the bill. pratiksha ghildial reports. extraordinary scenes in india's capital. this is the fifth straight day of violent protests across many parts of the country. screaming. here, the security forces clash with students from a top university. the students claim the police violently entered the jamia millia islamia university and assaulted them. the police say they were attacked with stones. the students were protesting against india's new citizenship law, that allows migrants from neighbouring countries to get indian citizenship, except if they are muslims.
it's notjust delhi that has erupted with anger. in the north—eastern state of assam, they're on the streets for different reasons. these people fear the new law will lead to them being overrun by migrants from neighbouring bangladesh, both hindus and muslims. at least two people were killed here, reportedly in firing by security forces. 17—year—old sam stafford was one of them. a passionate musician, he wanted to show solidarity with his friends who were protesting against the new citizenship law. "we got a call that sam was hit by bullets", she tells me, "and he died on the spot. i wantjustice, i want to know why he was shot.
he committed no crime." meanwhile, people are determined to show resistance, even as the authorities continue the clamp—down. pratiksha ghildial, bbc news, assam. also making news today: the number of people using hong kong international airport has hit its lowest level in a decade. it handled just over five million passengers in november — down sixteen percent from a year earlier. that's being put down to the often violent pro—democracy protests which have been taking place over the past 6 months. there was more unrest on sunday, although not on the scale seen in previous weeks. police used pepper spray and made several arrests, as demonstrators targeted some of the city's shopping malls. meanwhile, hong kong's chief executive carrie lam is in beijing, where she's expected to meet the chinese president xi jinping later on monday. both she and the government there have insisted they will not give in to any of the pro—democracy protestors‘ demands. although ms lam did earlier scrap the law which would have allowed suspects to be taken from hong kong to stand trial in mainland china, which was the trigger
for the original protests. the us geological survey has recorded 18 significant earthquakes near the city of davao in the southern philippines in less than 2a hours. the strongest had a magnitude of 6.8, and led to the death of a six—year—old girl when a wall collapsed. it's feared several people could be trapped under fallen rubble, a search and rescue operation is under way. taylor swift has announced she'll be headlining glastonbury festival next year. the american superstar tweeted to say she'll be performing on the sunday night for the legendary event's 50th anniversary. british politicians are due to return to westminster following last week's general election. new mps will collect their passes but they won't be sworn
in until tuesday when the new parliament sits for the first time. labour's shadow finance minister, john mcdonnel has been speaking to the bbc‘s andrew marr about his party's dismal performance — which saw them lose 59 seats. mr mcdonnell says he takes personal responsibility for the result. it's on me, let's take it on the chin. i own this disaster so i apologise. i apologise, i apologise to all those wonderful labour mps who have lost their seats, who worked so hard. i apologise to all the campaigners. but most of all, i apologise to those people who desperately need a labour government. and, yes, if anyone is to blame, it is me, full stop. much more on the election result on oui’ much more on the election result on our website. let's turn to the philippines where the high profile trial of an online magazine editor
for ‘cyber libel‘ is set to resume in the next half an hour. maria ressa, from the rappler site, is a prominent critic of president duterte. she's facing eleven charges in all. she says it's just a politically motivated attack aimed at shutting her website down. howard johnson is monitoring the case from outside the court in manila. she isjust going up she is just going up to the court room which isjust she is just going up to the court room which is just three flights of stairs adoption will begin the defence with three other founders of rappler will. they say this case is politically motivated because of the interesting timing of the case was not the article was written in 2012 that the case was brought before the national bureau of investigation in 2014 because rejected the case initially but then in 2018 department ofjustice decided to push ahead with it, raising questions because no new evidence had been presented to the doj. also the description of liability of
articles have been changed from one year to 12, allowing for this article to be questioned. will the business and who brought this case, he has been defamed in the eyes of the public. allegations he was involved with human trafficking and drugs was purely a fabrication, he says, and he has brought this case here in this court, we will found out more details today. this has been going on for a few months now but maria ressa has been getting some celebrity support? she is backed by amal clooney who is the prominent human rights lawyer and also the wife of george clooney. but last week, the megastar ‘s maria ressa came and use that concert to say that the leaders are trying to keep the country safe and that u2 —— maria ressa was doing a good job. deter tay blasted u2 and told them
never to come back to the philippines. —— rodrigo deter tay. —— duterte was up lots of people have been dying and investigative work has been going on behind the scenes of the war on drugs and rodrigo duterte said... there had there have been 11 charges against maria ressa, and they said they support freedom of speech and they believe this is a case of a private businessman who has been defamed in public and this is just simply a private case that needs to be resolved in the courts here. that was howard johnson speaking earlier to kasia madera. you're watching newsday on the bbc. still to come on the programme:
putin's 20 years in power. a special report on the changing face of russia. also on the programme: and — recipes with a royal ingredient. christmas cooking with the duke and duchess of cambridge. saddam hussein is finished because he killed our people, our women, our children. the signatures took only a few minutes, but they have brought a formal end to 3.5 years of conflict that has claimed more than 200,000 lives. before an audience of world leaders, the presidents of bosnia, serbia and croatia put their names to the peace agreement. the romanian border was sealed and silent today. romania has cut itself off from the outside world
in order to prevent the details of the presumed massacre in timisoara from leaking out. from sex at the white house to a trial for his political life, the lewinsky affair tonight guaranteed bill clinton his place in history as only the second president ever to be impeached. the year this is newsday on the bbc. i'm rico hizon in singapore. i'm kasia madera in london. our top stories: critics have attacked a compromise deal on tackling climate change. they say the un summit in madrid failed the people and the planet. violence in the indian capital delhi as protesters say a new citizenship law discriminates against muslims. let's take a look at some front pages from around the world.
first, the front page of singapore's straits times has this gloomy assessment of the climate conference in madrid. the paper says the talks have failed to achieve progress. next is the philippine star. it leads with this image of the aftermath of the powerful earthquake that hit the southern island of mindanao on sunday, injuring several people. and finally the front page of the new york times with a story from denmark which is, apparently, desperately looking for television professionals to help with rising global demand for its critically acclaimed series and movies. the demand for danish shows is huge, but the country lacks professionals to make them. now, kasia, some amazing pictures from new south wales are attracting attention online. rico, pictures of a bush fire less than a hundred miles from sydney are getting a lot of attention on our website.
they were filmed by firefighters in the blue mountains, and they show a phenomenon known as crowning. this is where the flames leap from the tops of the trees. at least four people have been killed in the bush fires in south—eastern australia since november and more than a million hectares of farmland and bush have been consumed by the flames. extraordinary images there. within the past few minutes, a minute's silence has been observed in new zealand to mark one week since the deadly eruption of white island volcano. the tribute was held at at 2:11, the exact moment the eruption happened last monday. sixteen deaths have been confirmed
while two bodies are still missing — believed to be in the water off the island. 0ur correspondent phil mercer joins me from sydney. this incident has indeed impacted the lives of many new zealanders and the lives of many new zealanders and the community. it's hard to imagine the community. it's hard to imagine the sort of pain, anguish and trauma that was inflicted on the survivors of the eruption that took place exactly a week ago. we know that many of those survivors were taken by boat and helicopter to hospitals, some of been repatriated here to australia, suffering the most appalling of injuries and in the last few moments, new zealand has paused to remember the victims and survivors of the volcanic eruption and the new zealand prime minister
jacinda ardern has said this was an extraordinary tragedy. worth noting as well that flags on government buildings across australia have been lowered to half mast is an act of remembrance and respect and given that quite a few of those victims we re that quite a few of those victims were from australia, the australian government doing its bit to remember what happened just over a week ago. can you give us an update on the search for more missing the terms? there are two, we understand still unaccounted for. a day after the eruption, a body was seen in the waters off white island and authorities believe there is another unaccounted for someone on the island itself. 0n unaccounted for someone on the island itself. on friday, recovery teams went into white island despite the risk of further eruptions to retrieve six bodies so it means that
two are still unaccounted for. police and navy divers have gone into the contaminated waters of white island. those waters have been contaminated by the volcano but they haven't been able to find either of those two bodies but police do say that they are committed to doing all they can to bringing all those bodies home and retrieving them and uniting them with their loved ones to this tragedy, it happened just over a week ago and we are still to find the true extent of it, given those two bodies remain unaccounted for and still missing. briefly, phil, after the search and recovery, what happens next? well, the new zealand government is turning its attention to look at ways or look but if the tragedy could have been prevented, looking no doubt the alert level given to volcanoes around the country at the moment. there is an alert level of two on a
sliding scale that goes up to five, that sort of process will be looked at by the government and will look at by the government and will look at whether other official inquiries are needed to look into why this tragedy happened and whether it could have been prevented. thank you so could have been prevented. thank you so much for the date, bbc‘s phil moser. —— the update, bbc‘s phil mercer. it's 20 years since vladimir putin came to power, first as prime minister and then as president of russia. in that time, he's built a system of power which revolves around him — resulting in all major decisions being taken by the kremlin. that's why many russians feel they have to go directly to him to solve their problems, sometimes with remarkable success, as steve rosenberg reports from eastern siberia. russian rulers are like siberian winters — they go on and on. joseph stalin's icy grip spanned a quarter of a century.
brezhnev ruled 18 years. for vladimir putin, it's already 20, and counting. nadyezhda is a putin fan. when eight houses in her village burnt down, she went on tv and begged the president for help. the very next day, mr putin sent in the builders, and — abracadabra — new homes, courtesy of the kremlin. da. nadyezhda even got to meet russia's leader and shake his hand. translation: people in the village told me, don't wash your hand for a year. some of them asked me to shake their hands with the hand the president shook. under putin, russia has risen from her knees. let him stay in power. give him another 20 years. this is exactly how vladimir putin
wants his people to see him, as the solution to their problems, not as the cause of them. and because the kremlin controls the media here, and the whole political system, for the last 20 years it has been able to push this message quite successfully. over the last two decades, vladimir putin has honed the image of modern—day tsar, all—powerful, irreplaceable. but not everyone in russia believes that is a good thing. someone who's been in powerfor that long cannot avoid beginning to think that he is very special, that he is more intelligent than anyone else, that he knows it all. gradually, you succumb to this aura of being the only and the one great, and so on, and that's very dangerous for a country.
boris yeltsin didn't succumb. 20 years ago, he stepped down early to hand over to putin. valentin yumashev played a key role in that decision. as boris yeltsin‘s chief of staff, he had hired putin to be his deputy, and later recommended him to yeltsin as a possible future president. so what does he think? will putin leave office when constitutionally obliged to, infouryears‘ time? translation: if we asked putin now about 2024, he'd say 100% that he will step down. but that's four years away. the situation will be different. we don't know what vladimir putin will do then. what we do know is that, although russian winters are long,
they do end eventually, and so eventually will the putin era. but what comes next? what kind of leader? it's too soon to predict. steve rosenberg, bbc news, siberia. kate and william — the duke and duchess of cambridge — will be showing off their culinary skills for a festive bbc show with one of the uk's national treasures, mary berry. the special programme will see the royal couple combine cooking with a tour of the good causes they are supporting this christmas. 0ur royal correspondent daniela relph has had a sneak preview. baking royalty meets real loyalty. but it was the duchess of cambridge who was a super fan here. she even confessed one of prince louis's first words was "mary", due to the number of mary berry cookbooks around the royal kitchen. so do you do a bit of cooking with your children? yes, i really enjoy it. again, for them to be creative, for them to try and be as independent as possible with it. actually, one of the last things we cooked together was your pizza dough. we made pizzas.
did you? with your pizza dough recipe, and... did it work? it did work. they loved it, absolutely loved it. the programme explores the royals‘ charity projects. william took mary berry to the passage homeless charity, a place he first visited with his mother around 30 years ago. he said princess diana brought her sons here to show them life beyond palace walls, something he is now trying to do with his own children. do you talk to your children about your thoughts and your views, and show them? will you bring them along here when they're a bit bigger? absolutely, and on the school run — i know it sounds a little bit contrived — but on the school run already, bearing in mind they're six and four, whenever we see anyone sleeping rough on the streets, i talk about it, and i point it out, and i explain why. and they're all very interested, they're like,
"why is that person...? why can't they go home?" on your marks, get set, go. there was of course a royal bake off, with william drafting in expert help while his wife revealed his cooking skills. he's very good at breakfast. university days, cooked all sorts of meals. that's when he was trying to impress me, mary. it's a christmas behind—the—scenes peek at work and home life of this future king and queen. daniela relph, bbc news. a special that i will be surely watching during the holidays, kasia. you have been watching newsday — i'm rico hizon in singapore. and i'm kasia madera in london. and rico, with just got over a week to go until christmas, we have another gingerbread—themed story. last week we brought you the huge gingerbread village made in poland. today it's these gingerbread models, just some of the entrants in the 29th annual swedish baking competition, held in stockholm. among the entrants, an edible model of the teenage climate campaigner greta thunberg. and a bite—size replica of the notre—dame cathedral, complete with fire in paris. and and some penguins on a melting iceberg. the winning design was a caravan, complete
with its own pond and tree. all good enough to eat. hello there. after some heavy overnight showers and plunging temperatures as well, we going into the new week on a bit of a wintry note for some of you. but gradually, through this week, we are set to see temperatures rise a bit more widely across the uk, but the pay—off, during the second half of the week, is wetter and windier weather is set to return once again. but let's kick off with what's happening on monday morning. a chilly start, as i said, some showers through the night, that left a covering of snow. and anywhere from wales, the midlands, northwards, temperatures will be low enough for some slippery conditions on roads and pavements, particularly northern england and central and southern scotland, where there could still be some wintry showers, giving a coating of snow over the hills. through the day, western scotland, northern ireland, the showers become more frequent, as we saw during sunday, with stronger winds. further south, well, a few showers around. one or two continuing towards the south—east,
and around some eastern coasts and hill through the day. but overall, a drier afternoon, brighter afternoon, and less windy one. temperatures though will be the same as we've seen through the weekend, around 4—10 degrees. and the second the sun sets, they will plummet away. it's going to be another chilly night. few things continuing though through monday night. showers in western scotland, northern ireland, giving further covering of snow across the grampians and the
highlands, but something cloudier and wetter spreading in through the channel islands, towards east anglia and the south—east, keeping temperatures up here. away from that, though, a risk of frost, some ice, and a greater chance of some fog patches into the tuesday morning rush—hour. so a few things for tuesday to consider. cloud and outbreaks of rain in that south—east corner could continue all day long, eventually easing. there will be fog to begin with elsewhere. that will gradually clear. a few showers dotted around in the north and the west, more especially towards shetland. many though having a drier day but quite a chilly one. after that cold start, temperatures only around 4—8 degrees during the afternoon. and a cold night will follow, with widespread frost and the return of some fog patches. this little bump here is a ridge
of high pressure keeping things dry to take us into the start of wednesday. if you avoid the fog patches on wednesday, then you've got a lovely bright, crisp, sunny start to the day, with light winds. but through the day, the breeze will be picking up in the west, northern ireland, wales, south—west england will gradually turn windier and wetter. into double figures by the end of
the day. but much of scotland, northern eastern england, a chilly day with some sunny spells. here, though, we will see the rain arrive, as we go through wednesday night and, with a big driving area of low pressure out towards the west of us, southerly winds will keep temperatures up. no frost to take us into thursday morning but we could see a spell of snow before that turns back to rain across the grampians and the highlands. some blizzard conditions for a time. that clears its way northwards. thursday, then, a story of sunshine and heavy and thundery showers. quite a breezy day as it will be on friday, with more rain for many of you but, as i said, temperatures will be on the up.
i'm kasia madera with bbc world news. our top story. the longest un climate talks ever held have finished with a compromise deal on tackling climate change. delegates and environmental campaigners called it an utter failure, blaming some of the most polluting nations for holding back decisive action. activists are continuing their protests in the indian capital delhi, accusing police of attacking students demonstrating against a controversial new law. it allows migrants escaping religious persecution in neighbouring countries to claim citizenship, but not if they're muslim. and 84—yea—old roy jorgen svenningsen, from canada, is getting a lot of attention on our website. he's become the oldest person ever to complete the antarctic ice marathon. it took him eleven hours, 41 minutes and 58 seconds