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tv   BBC News  BBC News  December 24, 2019 2:00am-2:31am GMT

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welcome to bbc news — i'm mike embley. our top stories: boeing fires its chief executive after catastrophic failures of its 737 max and the loss of nearly 350 lives. saudi arabia sentences five people to death for the murder of journalist jamal khashoggi last year. critics say the trial‘s a travesty of justice. at no point was the chain of command and the mastermind behind the killing ever worried by the investigation or the trial. president trump's impeachment trial — democrats demand documents, republicans worry about witnesses, and the house speaker has yet to send the articles to the senate. the latest victim of australia's bushfires — a third of vineyards in the adelaide hills are wiped out. we talk to one of the
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region's winemakers. the chief executive of boeing has been sacked less than a week after the planemaker said it would temporarily halt production of its troubled 737 max airliner. the company has struggled to recover after 346 people died in two crashes involving its planes. our business correspondent, theo leggett, has the story. two devastating accidents and 346 people died. the first plane crashed into the sea off indonesia late last year. then, in march, an identical aircraft went down in these fields in ethiopia minutes after take—off. since then, boeing's newest and fastest—selling aircraft, the 737 max, has been grounded worldwide. blame‘s been placed on a piece
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of flight control software, known as mcas, that activated at the wrong time and forced both planes into a catastrophic dive. boeing's failures and mr muilenburg's leadership have been angrily condemned in the us congress. those pilots never had a chance. these loved ones never had a chance. they were in flying coffins. senator, if i could try to respond to your question. first of all, the premise... er, that we would lie or conceal is just not consistent with our values. zipporah kuria lost herfather in the ethiopian crash. she says mr muilenburg's departure means little to her. i don't think his resignation is going to change anything for me. maybe for other families, but it's not going to bring my dad home for christmas and it's not going to bring lots of loved ones around the table for dinner this year or any other year to come. so, for us, it doesn't make that much of a difference, but we hope other
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families don't have to go through what we are going through. the final humiliation for dennis muilenburg came last week when boeing suspended production of the 737 max because regulators still won't let the plane back in the air. it's not clear when it'll fly again. but when it does, one of the biggest challenges facing the new chief executive will be to persuade passengers that it really has been made as safe as it possibly can be. theo leggett, bbc news. our business correspondent, samira hussain, has more from new york. there is no question that in the ten months since these 737 jets have been grounded, this storied american company has suffered financial and reputational damage. it has lost the confidence of aviation regulators, both here in the united states and right around the world. it no longer makes its most profitable plane and won't do so for the foreseeable future.
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airlines have no clarity on when these jets will be operational again. it's already lost $9 billion in the wake of this crisis and that number continues to grow. and us lawmakers have accused boeing of putting profits over the safety of its passengers. now, boeing remains confident in the future of its 737 max fleet but there is one question that it cannot answer, and it's whether or not passengers will ever feel safe in those planes again. let's get some of the day's other news. new zealand police say they have called off the search for two people missing after the white island volcanic eruption. 47 people, mainly australian tourists, were on the island when it erupted on december 9, and 25 remain in hospital — many are still in a critical condition. the death toll now stands at 19 — including the two who are missing. police say the families had been informed of the decision to call algeria has announced three days of mourning for the death of
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the head of the army, ahmed gaid salah, who was 79 and suffered a heart attack. he'd been leading the country, in effect, since the long—time president, abdelaziz bouteflika, was forced from office by a wave of mass protests earlier this year. the ivory coast has issued an arrest warrant for guillaume soro, former rebel leader and likely a strong candidate in next year's presidential election. reports suggest the warrant is linked to a charge of trying to destabilise the country. as his supporters waited for his return to ivory coast, after 6 months abroad, his private plane was diverted to ghana. five people have been sentenced to death and three others have been jailed by a court in saudi arabia over the murder of the journalist jamal khashoggi last year. khashoggi was a prominent critic of the saudi government. he was killed when he went to the saudi consulate in istanbul. a un investigator who carried out an inquiry into his murder has criticised the trial saying that the hit—men had been convicted, but the masterminds behind his death have walked free. our security correspondent frank gardner reports.
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the last public sighting of jamal khashoggi, seen here walking into the saudi consulate in istanbul in october last year. he never came out alive. turkish cctv footage shows a hit—team of 15 saudi government agents arriving in istanbul to intercept khashoggi. inside the consulate, they overpowered him, injected him and suffocated him. his body has never been found. 11 men were eventually put on trial. today, the preliminary sentences were announced. translation: the criminal court in riyadh has delivered the following preliminary sentences for ii of the accused, sentencing five of them to death in retribution. they are the ones directly implicated in the death of the victim, may god rest his soul. at the time of the crime, saudi arabia initially denied responsibility, but turkey, which had
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bugged the consulate, leaked details of what really happened. in november 2018, the cia said the killing was probably ordered by the saudi crown prince. and injune this year, a un report said there was credible evidence of saudi state involvement. saudi arabia's powerful crown prince, mohammed bin salman, had become increasingly irritated by khashoggi's public criticism of his policies. he denies any responsibility in the murder. agnes callamard, who's investigated the murder on behalf of the un, believes those who masterminded it have walked free. the only people that have ultimately been sentenced in the trials are those that i call the hit men. they are at the lowest level of the chain of command. anyone above have either not been charged at all, or if they were charged, they were let free.
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jamal khashoggi was described by one royal aide as a threat to national security. critics are now calling the investigation into his murder a whitewash. for saudi arabia, this whole story has cast a dark shadow over its international reputation. in riyadh, the authorities will be hoping this verdict draws a line under it. but others will keep on pressing for answers. the top democrat in the us senate, chuck schumer, has again demanded that donald trump's impeachment trial include witnesses. this in the light of an email, recently emerged, that suggests the white house sought to freeze aid to ukrainejust 91 minutes after mr trump spoke to president zelensky in that controversial phone call last july. at a news conference, chuck schumer also urged president trump, once again, to cooperate with the trial. so we say to president trump, if you are so confident you did
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nothing wrong, why won't you let your men testify? if you did nothing wrong, mr president, why do you seem so eager to avoid the truth, to hide the truth? as for the republicans, the senate majority leader, mitch mcconnell, has been speaking to fox news. he says he hasn't ruled out allowing witnesses to testify at the trial, but also responded directly to chuck schumer. all i'm asking of schumer is that we treat trump the same way we treated clinton. we had a procedure that was approved 100 to nothing, schumer voted for it, to go through the opening arguments, to have a written question period and then, based upon that, deciding what witnesses to call. 0ur north america correspondent peter bowes told me what he thought about the latest developments.
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i think is quite significant, up until today, we thought that the republicans flatly didn't want to see any witnesses at this trial but as we've just heard, there is a glimmer of hope for the democrats that the republicans could perhaps agree after hearing the opening state m e nts agree after hearing the opening statements of the centre trial. that is how they seem to want to proceed so is how they seem to want to proceed so there is the possibility the democrats could get their way or partially get their way, get some of the witnesses they want to hear from and those are key people, key aides of the president in the white house who may well have access to vital information about the sequence of events when president trump was talking to ukraine at the time of that key telephone call with the president of the ukraine. the so—called quit pro quo scenario where aid was being withheld and that the president wanted an investigation into joe biden, that the president wanted an investigation intojoe biden, his likely political rival. as he kept saying, doesn't really changed. it is very unlikely though that mr trump is going to be removed from
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office. this is really about influencing voters isn't that in the presidential election next year? yes, as far as the democrats are concerned, yes it is. they may well be hoping that if there are witnesses, if there are documents that there'll be some sort of blockbuster piece of evidence that may change the minds of some republicans but that is seeming incredibly unlikely. we are just on the edge of the year 2020 election campaign. this in a trial will be taking place just weeks campaign. this in a trial will be taking placejust weeks before campaign. this in a trial will be taking place just weeks before the caucasus and the primary elections, really, the first stage as the democrats are getting down to the final few candidates as their choice to compete against president trump the next election. is a time for them and anything they can do to influence voters during this time. is all—importa nt. russia's president has welcomed the opening of a railway bridge linking mainland russia with the crimea peninsula, which has been annexed by russia. the news has been immediately condemned by the european union as another violation by russia of ukraine's
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sovereignty and territory. gareth barlow reports. three simple carriages carrying not only passengers but a serious political message. russia seized crimea from ukraine in 2014 and ever sense, moscow has worked to strengthen its claim to the region. in may, president putin opened a 19—kilometre road link and now with this bridge, there is a direct railway connection linking saint petersburg with the former ukrainian territory. translation: today we have a very important occasion. it is important for crimea and sevastopol and the whole of russia because infrastructure projects such as this landmark bridge will have an impact on the whole economy. "what a beauty of a bridge", the russian leader exclaimed, a view not shared by the ukraine
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or the european union. an eu spokesman said the bridge was a continuation of russia's forced integration of illegally annexed crimea — going on to say that the mega structure limits the passage of ships headed to ukrainian ports. relations between ukraine and russia made minor improvements in recent months but the opening of the $3.6 billion bridge makes fast—tracking closer political connections ever more unlikely. stay with us on bbc news, still to come: tap to eat — the electronic device that means healthy school meals for thousands of schoolchildren in kenya. the world of music's been paying tribute to george michael, who's died from suspected heart failure at the age of 53. he sold well over 100 million albums in a career spanning more than three decades. the united states troops have been
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trying to overthrow the dictatorship of general manuel noriega. the pentagon says it's failed in its principle objective — to capture noriega and take him to the united states to face drugs charges. the hammer and sickle was hastily taken away. in its place, the russian flag was hoisted over what is now no longer the soviet union, but the commonwealth of independent states. day broke slowly over lockerbie, over the cockpit of pan am's maid of the seas, nose down in the soft earth. you could see what happens when a plane eight storeys high, a football pitch wide, falls from 30,000 feet. christmas has returned to albania after a communist ban lasting more than 20 years. thousands went to midnight mass in the town of shkoder where there were anti—communist riots 10 days ago. this is bbc news. the latest headlines:
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boeing has sacked its chief executive as the company struggles to deal with the impact of two deadly plane crashes blamed on the firm's computer software. there's criticism of saudi arabia after five people were sentenced to death for the murder of journalist jamal khashoggi. the un says the masterminds have gone free. on saturday, devastating fires swept through australia's adelaide hills — an area renowned for it's vineyards and fine wine. representatives say up to a third of the vineyards in the area have been completely wiped out and the danger is not over yet as uncontrolled fires are still burning and temperatures are set to increase at the weekend. i'm joined now byjodie armstrong, a winemaker for sew and sew wines in the adelaide hills area. thank you for talking to us. i understand you haven't been hit directly but it is having a major
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impact? we're very fortunate we are. we haven't been hit by the fires. u nfortu nately we haven't been hit by the fires. unfortunately my colleagues in a couple of may have lost properties. for us, we are short on fruit, we have had to source more, which is likely to be impossible. and this is a particularly bad time, i suppose. the fruit would have been in early stages on the vine? welcome any time from now on is bad. the fruit is set and has started to develop, but the burnt vines are so badly damaged that they will have to be replanted. we have lost up to a third of our production for the foreseeable future, really. at least five years until we will have settled some new vines and have them producing at a level that we would really like. does that mean for your neighbours,
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literally no production for the next five years? yes. it will mean this year they will need to clean up the vineyards, there will be plastic waste and hand posts and wires that will have to be cleaned up. it's three years before you would get your first very small production from planting, seven years until they are completely settled. we have lost some 30—year—old vines, vines producing our highest quality pen and wires and chardonnays —— pinot noirs. i work in the mclaren vale and adelaide hills areas. we are
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collecting posts to be used as stock ensing. some have donated fruit and wine because some wineries have lost all of their wine as well, barrels, bottles a nd all of their wine as well, barrels, bottles and their production equipment. so as we are talking, i keep getting e—mails coming in looking for different things that all of us can contribute. and to support all the guys and girls with problems we need everyone to buy local for us, problems we need everyone to buy localfor us, and problems we need everyone to buy local for us, and for you problems we need everyone to buy localfor us, and for you guys if you can see by wine from the adelaide hills to support the region. there is a website for donations, people need support to buy equipment they really need. some
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don't even have running water or electricity. people spend their days fighting fires but are unable to have a shower or a glass of water because it isn't on tap. jodie, thank you for sparing the time to talk to us. all the best. my pleasure. all the best for christmas. this is the first christmas asia bibi will celebrate as a free woman. she spent nearly ten years injail in pakistan, sentenced to death on blasphemy charges. she was only released earlier this year. blasphemy accusations are often used in pakistan as a way to settle personalfeuds or target minority groups. secunder kermani reports. for years, asia bibi's elderly father prayed for her release. this summer, as she was flown out of the country after nearly a decade on death row. he spoke to her on a relative's phone. translation: i was so happy.
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i saw her face and she held her hands up in front of me and said "father, forgive me." then i started crying and i said "go, my daughter, may god protect you." asia bibi was accused of having insulted the prophet muhammad during an argument while working in a field. a prominent muslim politician was murdered for speaking in her defence. hardliners took to the streets when pakistan's highest court overruled her conviction last year. eventually, she was freed and fled abroad with her children and husband. the rest of her family are still in pakistan, they had to leave their village when asia bibi was first accused of blasphemy. translation: i do get angry, but what can we do without anger? we are labourers — poor people.
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the verdict in asia bibi's case was welcomed around the world, but pakistan's blasphemy laws remain in place. despite the release of asia bibi, activists say courts are still reluctant to acquit suspects in other blasphemy cases, afraid of the reaction from fundamentalist groups. meanwhile, new cases continue to be filed — at least a dozen people have been accused of blasphemy this year. this christian man faces the death penalty if convicted of sending blasphemous text messages. we're concealing his identity for his own protection. his lawyer, guarded by police, also defended asia bibi. he saysjudges often feel intimidated. they do whatever the prosecution lawyers is asking. they go after him.
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they don't listen to the accused lawyer, and they wear the suit, putting their faces down, frightened. and then to see that they're frightened, it's visible. the jailed man's family had been hoping he would be released on bail in time for christmas. that hasn't happened. translation: for me, having to cope with everything alone is so difficult. in the past few days, he got badly beaten up because there was some argument between the inmates over prayers. across pakistan, christian neighbourhoods are preparing to celebrate. the community no longer faces the same level of threat from militant groups it did even five years ago, but a continued trickle of blasphemy allegations leaves many still feel marginalised. seconder kermani, bbc news, lahore. thousands of kenyan schoolchildren are now getting a daily healthy
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lunch thanks to a new device called tap to eat. it's a smart wristband which parents can load up with money — making it easier to make sure their children are paying for — and eating — their school meals. it's part of a subsided school food programme which aims to tackle malnutrition and improve attendance in public schools in kenya's kiambu and nairobi counties. take a look: the work we do makes me feel very good. it makes me feel that we are contributing to help solve something that's beans assistant —— been persistent for many years. i am the founder of food for education. we provide high—quality meals for stu d e nts provide high—quality meals for students in primary schools. we came
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up students in primary schools. we came up with it when we saw the 15 ceilings, though small, student struggled to pay for a week or month. it was very varied and difficult for us to keep track of who has paid and who hasn't paid and things like that. we needed something that was efficient and could also count really fast. we came up with tap two eat, we were linking mobile money to m—pesa. many pa rents linking mobile money to m—pesa. many parents can't afford 25 shillings, so parents can't afford 25 shillings, so right now we have lowered the cost for parents to 15 shillings. we provide ten shillings for each meal we distribute through donors and corporate partners we have here in kenya. the challenges are used to face involve children losing their lunch money. sometimes they didn't
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eat food because they had bought suites. when you pay for tap two eat, you are assured your child will eat daily. tap two eat has enabled us eat daily. tap two eat has enabled us to scale up faster, it takes a short amount of time to validate those payments. have more consistency terms of parents being able to contribute and facilitate quick serving of lines. —— lunch. some good news from kenya there. venice has been hit by another exceptional high tide. but despite the floodwater, santa claus replaced his boots with thigh—high galoshes to wade through a flooded saint mark's square. last month the lagoon city suffered its worst flooding in 50 years. the city's tourist board says hotel bookings are down by 45% since november's floods. there is much more for you any time on the bbc‘s website. and you can get in touch with me and most of the team on twitter,
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i'm @bbcmikeembley. thank you for watching. good morning! so, here it is, christmas eve. the weather's offering up quite mixed fare for the last—minute plans. there will be a few glimmers of sunshine but also showers for many of us. and for the south—west of england and wales, some of those showers could pack quite a punch and be heavy and thundery. we've basically got a weather front trailing across england and wales into northern ireland, too. to the north of that, some scattered showers for scotland. there's some more persistent rain across northern england through the first part of the day and then it kind of breaks up into those scattered but at some times heavier showers as the day progresses. some of the heavier ones also drifting further eastwards and quite a focus on the south—west, quite windy here, too. still double figures to the south of the uk,
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definitely a chillier feel across scotland and northern ireland, highs ofjust six or seven. and if you're heading out and about on christmas eve, things start to become quieter, the wind will fall light to the south, the showers will tend to clear. still a few across scotland and it will also start to turn somewhat chillier. we could see some heavier showers pushing into western scotland overnight and with the colder air in place. winter across the highlands, a frost to start us off on christmas day across scotland. elsewhere, a patchy frost but lows in the towns and cities of three and four degrees. the reason it gets quieter is this ridge of high pressure that's going to stay with us for christmas day as well. so christmas day, actually, weather—wise one of our quietest days in terms of what we've seen in about a month or so. a lot of dry weather, perhaps some early morning mist and fog across north wales and the north—west of england but that will tend to clear. and then light winds and sunshine. temperatures, well, about average for the time of year, 6—9 degrees. through the evening and overnight, that ridge of high pressure starts to weaken and then as we look
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towards boxing day, things get on the move again. another low coming in from the atlantic. so, a much stormier picture, if you like, for boxing day. windy pretty much across the board as this weather system bumps into some cold air. some transient snow for the pennines, perhaps a more significant accumulations for the highlands, some rainjust about everywhere, some sunshine perhaps following on for central and eastern areas, but further rain getting into the west later on in the day. a little milder to the south, but still sixes and sevens in the north. and then for the remainder of the week, high pressure tries to settle things down to the south of the uk, for scotland and northern ireland we're going to see some weather fronts snaking in. so, a little more mixed here. to the south, a quiet story, i think. we have temperatures in double figures for scotland and northern ireland, some showers at times. merry christmas.
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this is bbc news, the headlines:
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boeing has fired its chief executive, dennis muilenburg, following two fatal crashes involving the company's 737 max aircraft. the company's been struggling to deal with the impact of the crashes — blamed on its computer software — that claimed more than 340 lives. there's been criticism of the trial in saudi arabia of those accused of killing the journalist, jamal khashoggi — who was murdered in the saudi consulate in istanbul. five people have been sentenced to death, and others jailed. a top aide to crown prince mohammed bin salman was investigated, but not charged. the leader of the republicans in the us senate, mitch mcconnell, says he hasn't ruled out allowing witnesses to testify at president trump's impeachment trial. he was formally impeached last week for abuse of power and obstruction of congress. proceedings are expected to start next month. now on bbc news, the bbc‘s amol rajan takes a look back


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