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tv   Click  BBC News  February 6, 2020 3:30am-4:01am GMT

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the us senate has acquitted president trump at the end of his impeachment trial. senators voted along party lines, with mitt romney being the only republican to vote in favour of convicting the president. democrats said the acquittal meant little, because republicans had refused to allow witnesses at the trial. the number of people in mainland china known to have died as a result of coronavirus has risen to 563. 73 people died on wednesday, most of them in the province of hubei. the total number of cases across china has reached 28,000. the hollywood actor, kirk douglas, has died at the age of 103. star of spartacus, and many other hollywood epics, he earned several 0scar nominations in the 1950s for both his acting and producing. his son, the actor michael douglas, described him as a movie legend and a great humanitarian.
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now it's time for click. this week, high impact smashes. the cgi secrets of youth. and, greenerfashion through clothing hire and pants on fire. over the last decade or so, fashion has gotten faster. cutting—edge design techniques coupled with a huge reduction in the cost of production and the growing success of online clothing sites means new designs and trends can be turned into low—cost clothing much quicker
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than just once a season. as a result, more thani million tons of clothes are now bought each year in the uk. the thing is, as fast fashion has grown, so has fashion waste. with everyone wanting to update their wardrobes more regularly these days, it means we're throwing away hundreds of thousands of tons of clothes every year. as the high—street piles them high and sells them cheap, this place has to do the same. the environments and the waste produced by fast fashion is just one issue facing the industry. another is how these clothes are made in the first place. in order for us to get such cheap fashion, much of it is made in countries where labour costs are low. bangladesh is a case in point. it employs millions of people in this industry but has faced regular calls to improve
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its working conditions. some now think that adding robots to the factories may help but at what cost to jobs? this is a very live example of the automation versus jobs argument that we hear so much about. jen has been to bangladesh and has been given very rare access to the industry. bangladesh is second only to china in producing clothing for the world. its ready—made garment industry is critical to the economic success of the country, providing jobs for overfour million people — a majority of whom are women. mostafiz uddin, is on a mission to transform the future of fashion here, starting with his denim factory in the southern port city of chittagong. the world focused its attention on bangladesh's garment industry after the rana plaza disaster in 2013, when 1,131; people were killed when the building collapsed.
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the eight story complex housed five garment factories, supplying clothing to international brands. did you go to rana plaza when it happened? mostafiz‘s focuses not only on the social well—being on his workers but on bringing environmentally sustainable technology and innovation to the factory, including a design studio where an in—house team creates new styles ofjeans to show international buyers.
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and, who has visited your lab? this product that we see here would be seen in the uk, in the high street? the process of distressing denim is laborious, workers here are sanding jeans by hand to create holes and whiskers on the fabric.
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a high—tech alternative to hand sanding is now being used in the factory that requires far fewer workers. this laser machine cost 200,000 euros and can be operated by one person in a clean and air—conditioned room with no dust. it uses pre—programmed designed to automate the work the humans are doing next door, from burning holes intojeans to creating the whisker patterns down the legs.
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a machine also won't take to the street and protest against low wages or poor working conditions. last year, bangladesh saw civil unrest from garment workers at other factories, demanding better treatment from their employers. and introducing more automation could have the unintended consequence of moving jobs away from current manufacturing hubs. this is already happening in the united states.
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back in dhaka, mostafiz recognises the need to engage international retailers in these important discussions. and i think the solutions are with us, sitting in the room today. wejoined him at two of his conferences, the denim expo and the sustainable apparel forum. technology is a big theme here and companies likejeanologia, have advanced laser machines for garment finishing. and tonello, an italian company provides high—tech laundry. it has to be a technological industry and not any more a human—driven industry.
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some think this will open up new possibilities for bangladeshi workers. they can have a betterjob, for example, they can become an engineer and learn how to use the machine. they can become a designer. do you think it is feasible for four million low skilled workers? yes, it is going to create other jobs in other industries. for sure, i see it as a positive thing. but others are not so sure. i don't think automation is going to benefit any worker in any industry. automation is basically a replacement of the worker by a machine which the owners of factories would really love and it stabilises costs. it stabilises working conditions. it solves a lot of problems. and the women who make up the majority of the workers may be disproportionately affected by these advances. so really, you prefer that these women have jobs than automation?
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estimates vary as to how manyjobs automation will displace in the industry but some recent reports say up to 80% of simple garment work could be at risk in asia in the next five years. the creation of new machines has brought a once distance prospect of automating workflow in garment factories, sharply into focus.
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hello and welcome to the week in tech. it was the week microsoft had a deja vu moment, issuing a second final windows 7 update just days after saying there would be no more patches for the decade—old operating system. the uk decided it would permit the use of huawei tech in its 56 networks, despite pressure from the us. restrictions limit the chinese giants prevalence. and 15 nfl american football teams were struck by hacker group — 0urmine. the group said it targeted twitter and facebook accounts to show that internet security was still low. in london, the metropolitan police is rolling out its first live operational facial recognition cameras amidst scepticism from human rights groups. police say it's ai identified suspects wanted for serious crimes with 70% accuracy, yet one watchdog previously warned of a far less accurate result. the british developers, ndemic creations, issued a warning to players of its pandemic game —
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plague inc, after linking a spike in popularity to china's coronavirus outbreak. the studio reminded fans that while the game is realistic, concerned individuals should turn to real official health authorities, like the world health organization. and finally, retro arcade games like asteroids could be back with a crash, as vintage games maker atari makes an unlikely turn into the hotel business, promising vr and ar spaces alongside game streaming studios. who fancies a blast from the past with a side of room service? the idea of renting cloths is nothing new, neither is doing so online. companies like renttherunway and threadup have been in the us for over a decade, as has girl meets in the uk.
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but the popularity of many of these platforms has rocketed since the newfound interest in sustainability has made throwaway fashion feel like a bit of a rubbish idea. but the desire for an evolving wardrobe hasn't gone away. so i've been taking a look at a few of the uk start—ups that are using an extra bit of technology to bring this idea up a level. by rotation, brings peer—to—peer lending to mobile phones, adding a spot of al to the mix. we have got two machine learning tools that we've already built. the first one is to ensure when listers or lenders are listing items. they don't go and take retail photos, which are an infringement of copyright laws. the second thing we have built is helping people curate looks. so, if you've rented a black dress, we will match a pair of green shoes and a green bag with it. next up, the company is working on machine learning to overcome the issue of variable sizing.
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over 8,000 users or ‘rotators' as they are known, like kat here, are already benefiting from earning an extra spot of cash from their barely worn threads or some wardrobe variability themselves. i got into the whole sustainability and renting things and buying secondhand in the middle of last year and then i found there were some rental platforms and i was like, that is amazing. i have a lot of stuff and all of my friends want to borrow my things for weddings and events and i was like, may as well make some money for it. what percentage of the price of the dress would you be renting it for? there is a suggestion in the app that i usually... i think if the dress is like $330, it's between 12 to £15 a day and then you offer a discount for a week or a month. if they're going away for ages, you can offer them a 50 or 70% discount. by the time you've done that a few times you've made back money.
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0ne app hopes to create an entire ecosystem around this idea. save your wardrobe allows you to create a digital version of your entire wardrobe. to do this, some of it will be a matter of it scanning your e—mail for receipts for clothing. other items you may need to photograph to input. you will also then make a note of how regularly you've worn them. now, that means that if there are any items in the back of your wardrobe that you haven't touched for a while, it could suggest ideas on how you rent them or sell them. as well as that rental element providing a partnership with by rotation, cleaning companies and garment preparers will also be recommended and linked to. 0ur competitive edge is that we create an ecosystem of services as a way to upcycle and extend the life of garments. logging your whole wardrobe does sound quite time—consuming though. we managed to squeeze the time to a few seconds when it comes to e—mail scanning.
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so building a wardrobe through e—mails should take a matter of seconds and the computer vision is strong enough to recognise the category, the colour, the brand. you need to add the size yourself though. so basically we are building on the ai side what spotify is doing with your music or netflix is doing with your movies, learning what your taste is by actually looking at what you're wearing before then suggesting other things that you might not have in your catalogue. so if the idea of tracking our wardrobes like we track out steps takes off, maybe passing fashions could become a thing of the past. that was lara. and we're going to change tack now. this weekend sees american football's showpiece event — the super bowl — watched by millions across the us and around the world. the sport is starting to gain popularity in the uk too. in fact, london plays host to several matches
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throughout the year. now, from a tech point of view, this fast—paced, aggressive sport is swimming in data and being able to instantly analyse it, whether you're a coach or a player, is key to the action. earlier in the season, 0mar mehtab went to check it all out when the houston texans met the jacksonville jaguars. the national football league is celebrating its centenary this year. 100 years of nfl, busy reflecting on the history of the sport. but it is also looking to the future, through a partnership with technology giant, microsoft. so alongside the speed, showmanship, violence and beauty of the game, the sport is being transformed by technology. microsoft has created a purpose—built tablet to aid players and coaches with instant tactical information which, in a game that is essentially like chess but with real people, minor adjustments can be the difference between winning and losing.
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these tablets are standardised for all 32 teams in the nfl. each team has 25 of them. 13 on the sidelines and 12 in the coaches booth. as you can see you can turn out the same play—by—play at different angles around the pitch. but also, the screen is a lot brighter, and it's a bit more rugged just in case tensioned run high and the coaches decide to chuck it down onto the pitch. with more information and data available to players immediately on the sideline, how does it affect the game? the tempo is a lot faster. the offence is changing constantly. the defence is doing the same thing cause they have the same tablets on their sideline. and so the speed of the game
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and really the tempo of the chess match just moves much quicker. right, up here, we are in the coaches booth and before what they used to do is get a bird's—eye view of things and write it all down on paper, and then take that paper down to the dressing room to be able to communicate with the team. but from up here, they can make the changes on the tablet. at half—time, they'll run down, leave the tablet here, pick one up in the dressing room, go to their profile and show the team the notes that they've made. and the nfl believe this is really helping teams. when you can make an adjustment in real time, then it becomes the player has to outperform that other player, because now they pretty much know what each player wants to do, on both sides of the ball, so the individual player's skill really has to become involved. technology never stands still, much like the march of sport. microsoft have added something to the game. it is subjective whether it improves
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it or not but one thing is certain, technology's drive to improve athlete performance will continue to develop. there is so much technology that's being introduced now, to our wearables, so in our uniforms, gps trackers, monitors, heart rate monitors, things like that. a lot of stuff for player safety. there's technology that's going in helmets to track concussion, and see if there's anything going on with brain activity. so i think in the next 5—10 years, the game could be completely different. uniforms and the actual hardware that we wear is changing every year. so i would expect a lot of technology to be integrated into more of what we wear on the field than what we play. absolutely brutal, that sport, isn't it? that was 0mar mehtab. now, it's 0scars season at the moment and every year we like to look at the visual effects behind some of the awards contenders. this week it is the epic crime drama
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that's made made robert de niro young again — these are the secrets behind the irishman. frank, i want you to meet my cousin, russell bufalino. better watch this, there's a lot of tough guys around here. did he tell you? you're not afraid of tough guys, are you? i did not think so. the movie starts with robert de niro let's say at, i don't know, 28 or 30, then he goes to 36, then he goes 42, then a7, then 55, then 62, then he moves on. marty said to me, be careful what you wish for because these actors are not going to want markers and helmet cams or any kind of little cameras in front of them. they also are going to want to be on set, with theatrical lighting, and we are not going to go somewhere else. when we started developing this new way of capturing performances, there was nothing available for us. i mean, the only way to capture performances were through a marker system,
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so we had to find a way to find something else beside the markers. we did a test with robert de niro in new york, which we recreated a scene from goodfellas. there was a film camera in the centre for the director, and then two witness cameras on the sides. we found out really right away that the software acts better if there are no shadows but, i mean, when you are on set you always have shadows, because generally you're lit from the side or from back. how do you neutralise the lighting without angering the director or the director of photography? that means that maybe we flood the set with infrared light that the human eye cannot see but the software can. we work together to come up with the rig which was a three camera rig. it was important that the witness cameras we part of the director camera. because normally in visual effects, the witness camera don't get
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ta ken care of. everyone is in front of them and nobody cares. but if they're attached to the director camera, wherever the director camera goes, these cameras go, so it's like, 0k. then we get all that information with us and we work with re to get those two cameras to be completely infrared, and then we throw infrared light onto the actors. and the software took a look at all that information, the infrared and the rgb information from the central camera and created geometry out of that. if you naturally get rid of the markers, then you start seeing incredible movement on the face. things that we did not see before. the micro—movements were forming the geometry that we're creating to match the background, the real performance. what you see on the screen are real renders, 3d renders replacements of their faces with minimal involvement with performances. basically we made them younger but that's it, we did not change a blink, because marty didn't want us
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to do that. we did it only for the actors. i mean, there's an incredible amount of stuff that we got from it. even if we, you know, had a bunch of burden all over the production, it did not impact the director because there was nothing that the director did that was stopped by the technology and also the performances were phenomenal. i am here to defend you, right? right. what do you want to know, you want to know if i did it or not? wow, i loved that film and we wish it all the best when the oscars are announced next weekend. talking of which, next week we will be back in la, with an entire programme dedicated to technology and the movie industry.
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it's going to be a blockbuster. hope you canjoin us. in the meantime, don't forget that we live on social media, on youtube, instagram, facebook and twitter at bbc click. thanks for watching and we will see you back in la. hello there. 0ur weather is expected to morph into something very wild this weekend. but in the meantime, we still have high pressure to bring us fine and settled weather. in fact, you could call the next few days the calm before the storm. here is our area of high pressure, slowly retreating back towards the continent as we head through thursday
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and friday, but it's still going to be strong enough to influence our weather. light winds across central and southern areas means we could start this morning with some mist and fog patches, some of which could be quite dense and could be stubborn to clear. some areas might hold onto it all day. but for most it should clear eventually. and we should see variable amounts of cloud but also some sunny spells, most of the cloud across western scotland and into northern ireland. these temperatures generally peaking around 7—8 degrees, but colder than that where any fog lingers. as we head through thursday night it looks like it is going to stay dry again. more of a breeze picking up in the west, generally more of a breeze, so it looks like it shouldn't be quite so cold to start friday as what we've seen in the last few mornings. so we start friday off with a bit more breeze but also some sunshine and that means we're probably less likely to see some mist and fog. so some good spells of sunshine through the day, wind picking up from the south, particularly across the western areas, where we'll see the first series of weather fronts bringing outbreaks of rain here. notice temperatures lifting to 10 degrees there. that first weather front spreads through on friday night, it will be quite
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a breezy night, even windy in the north—west. the rain eventually clears away from the east early on saturday morning and then we have got a window of fine weather. in fact, this sunny weather could be the best weather of the weekend for most of us. it will be turning windier, particularly in the west, gales starting to develop later in the day with this next weather front moving in with some heavy rain and snow on the hills. temperatures reaching highs of 8—9 degrees. it turns much windier on saturday night for all, but particularly across western areas, widespread gales here and outbreaks of heavy and persistent rain. now for sunday's named storm, we'll have to go back to the united states, where this low pressure‘s already developed. it has brought troublesome weather to the south and the east of the united states and will be picked up by a very strong jet stream across the north atlantic as it hurtles towards our shores. and it's likely to bring some damaging winds. look at all the isobars on the chart associated
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with storm ciara. a lot of the models are agreeing with this, which is why the met office have named this storm very early on. so some concerns about storm ciara, which will arrive saturday night through sunday to bring some damaging winds, likely to have some disruptions, so stay tuned to the weather forecast.
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this is bbc news. welcome if you're watching here in the uk, on pbs in america or around the globe. my name's mike embley. our top stories: donald trump acquitted by the senate — just one republican votes against him. it is therefore ordered and adjudged that the said donald john trump be and he is hereby acquitted of the charges in said articles. chinese authorities spray the streets, as the number of coronavirus deathsjumps by the biggest number in a single day so far. a plane breaks into three pieces after overshooting a runway in istanbul. one person is killed, many others are injured. i am spartacus! and the hollywood actor, star of historical epics,


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