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tv   BBC World News  BBC News  July 1, 2020 1:00am-1:31am BST

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this is bbc news. i'm mike embley, with the latest headlines for viewers in the uk and around the world. china's new security laws for hong kong come into force. anyone convicted could be jailed for life. a coronavirus warning. the leading american virus expert says case numbers in the us are going in the wrong direction. we are now having a0,000—plus new cases a day. i would not be surprised if we go up to 100,000 a day. the new research which suggests the virus can lead to strokes and long—term brain damage. hi, my name is caitlin,
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i am nine years old, and i am a figure skater. grace, poise, and a message of hope. the young skater capturing the hearts of millions on black lives matter plaza. hello. exactly 23 years ago, the former british territory of hong kong reverted to chinese sovereignty. beijing promised some autonomy, the one country, two systems policy, to last until at least 2047. but, at midnight local time, beijing's new security laws came into force. many things seen until now as civil rights are now crimes punishable by life in prison. pro—democracy groups are dismayed, many other countries are concerned, but china is insistent that its laws must be followed. john sudworth reports. this was the moment china tightened its grip on hong kong. the process itself
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spoke volumes. 162 votes in favour, none against, for a new law, the text of which was kept secret until after it was passed. this is what it is designed to stop. under the national security law, many of the acts of protest that have rocked hong kong over the past year could now be classed as subversion or secession, and punished with up to life imprisonment. via video link to a un human rights council meeting, hong kong's pro—beijing leader said the law was long overdue. the question of how long we could tolerate such a gaping hole in national security has to be asked and answered. since lastjune, hong kong has been traumatised by escalating violence, fanned by external forces. when the uk handed over control
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of hong kong in 1997, china promised to safeguard the city's freedoms for 50 years. but, just 23 years on, the balance is shifting. a national security commission will be above the law. suspects can be extradited to the mainland. for beijing, a rising, wealthy superpower, this is all meant as a show of confidence. it could, though, also be seen as the opposite. for a system built on denying people a voice, the resistance and dissent in that unruly city to the south presents a real threat. the impact has been immediate. activists like youth leader joshua wong have announced they are stepping back from politics. you've been arrested yourself... this protester‘s words are spoken by an actor. people will feel the fear. this will have a chilling
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effect on hong kong society. many people just stop talking about politics. with just a few hours before the law took effect, protesters in hong kong made their opposition known, a small, brave gesture in a city at risk of losing its voice. john sudworth, bbc news, beijing. let's ta ke let's take you live to hong kong, just after 8am in the morning, preparations forthe flag raising ceremony to commemorate the handover, hong kong's leader expected their very shortly. carrie lam, of course, has defended the law we have been talking about, saying it feels a gaping hole in national security. she also admitted, curiously, that she had not seen the draft before passing any comment on it. let's speak now to victoria hui. she is a china and hong kong analyst at the university of notre dame as well as a hong kong native and author. thank you very much for talking to us. what do you make of this
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situation? it is really horrifying, because in one go, beijing has killed hong kong. now, we should always remember that in 1984, when china signed a britishjoint that in 1984, when china signed a british joint declaration with london, the mood in beijing at the time was to reassure not just beijing at the time was to reassure notjust britain but also hong kong people and the rest of the world that, don't worry about china, don't worry that we're going to kill hong kong. everything will be fine. but essentially, while the law is named security law, it really is meant to serve for the regime. it is to make hong kong safe for the ccp. it is a security law. this is a big change. do you think there is anything— it is possible to do anything— it is possible to do anything about it, really? is anything about it, really? is any pushback possible? well, people are going to pushback. we know that a lot of the activists already announced that they are going to continue with the annual first ofjuly
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protest, which they have been doing every year during the handover ceremony. and on the other hand, though, today in hong kong, when people do this, they are going to be subject to charges of subversion. and the definition of subversion, secession, terrorism and pollution in this law, they are very, very loose. early on, beijing suggested that this is really going to try and stop any violence in these street protests, except that the law will cover not just protests, except that the law will cover notjust violence but any activity, incitement, provision of service, provision of materials, provision of training and financial support. almost anything can be seen as subversion of the regime. but of course, we have seen many high—profile backing out of their public role just in the last few days, deleting posts as well, and china is such a power in the world, isn't it, economically and politically. the rest of the world makes
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very little difference to chinese policy in xinjiang, or tibet. this is a very good question. given what it has done to xinjiang, with the quote unquote re—education camps, and sending people to these forced labour facilities, and also total domination and oppression of tibetans, the world so far, the international community, has only issued verbal condemnation and not taken any action. and so beijing was expecting that the world will continue to do this. i think that whenjohnson, borisjohnson, said i think that whenjohnson, boris johnson, said that i think that whenjohnson, borisjohnson, said that we are going to give a path to hong kong, people born before 1987, a path to citizenship, and the us has also revoked hong kong's special economic status, these actions really have taken by surprise beijing but they are still betting that 0k, surprise beijing but they are still betting that ok, you guys are still going to take no real actions. well, thank you very much for talking to us.
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let's get some of the day's other news: at least 18 people have been killed in an explosion and fire at a medical centre in the iranian capital, tehran. officials are blaming a gas leak linked to oxygen cylinders. several other people were injured. here in the uk, people have been told not to travel into or out of the english city of leicester as it returns to a strict lockdown. the restrictions were imposed on monday evening after a spike in coronavirus cases. they will remain in place for at least two weeks. officials in belgium have removed a statue of the country's former king, leopold ii, after protestors began objecting to the way people in the congo were treated when it was a belgian colony. the removal coincided with the 60th anniversary of the country's independence. the democratic presidential candidate, joe biden, has made a blistering attack on donald trump's handling of the coronavirus pandemic. he said the president was in retreat, with more than 125,000 americans dead and infections surging in many states.
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mr president, the crisis is real. the crisis is real, and it's surging, mr president. your promises and predictions and wishful thinking, pulled out of thin air, are not only doing the country no good, making them lose even more faith in their government. america knows this crisis isn't behind us, even if you don't. we need a president, mr president. a president who will level with the american people, a president who will tell us the unvarnished truth, a president who will take responsibility, instead of a lwa ys responsibility, instead of always blaming others. a president who will listen to the experts, follow the science, allow them to speak, a
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president who will lead, and be an example for the nation. where a mask. keep your distance. limit the size of crowds —— wear a mask. mr president, this is not about you. it's about the health and well—being of the american public. the country's top infectious disease expert, anthony fauci, has also warned that unless the us manages to control the spread of the virus, the infection rate could more than double. we can't just focus on those areas that are having the surge. it puts the entire country at risk. we are now having 40,000—plus new cases a day. i would not be surprised if we go up to 100,000 a day if this does not turn around, and so i am very concerned. california is the latest us state to see a surge in coronavirus cases, forcing the governor to roll back its reopening and reimpose restrictions. here is dr bob wachter,
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chair of the department of medicine at the university of california, san francisco, explaining how people are coping with the swelling number of confirmed cases. in the short term, at least in california, our hospitals are not yet overwhelmed. we did make some progress in the last three months. we have more testing, we have contact tracing, we built some hospital and icu capacity. and so they are coping better than they would have in the beginning. there are hospitals in the united states, in phoenix, for example, and in houston, that are being overwhelmed just like we saw in new york. so we're doing the best we can, but if this thing continues to get out of hand, we're going to see an apocalypse like we saw in new york a few months ago, which is really terrible, because now we can't plead ignorance. now we know what we needed to do, and we just haven't done it. now to a story gaining real political traction in the us. reports in the new york times, washington post and wall street
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journal quoting unnamed us officals have alleged that russia offered the taliban bounties to kill us troops in afghanistan. on sunday, donald trump tweeted that the intelligence had not been shared with him, but there are now claims he was briefed. on sunday, donald trump tweeted that the intelligence had not been shared with him, but there are now claims he was briefed. katty kay has the story. the president denies he ever saw intelligence on the russian bounty payments. democrats left their white house briefing saying ignorance is no defence. if you're going to be on the phone with vladimir putin, this is something you ought to know. whether it's caveated or not, this is something you ought to know. if you're inviting russia back into the g8, this is something you ought to know. these reports of taliban bounties have put the spotlight once again on mr trump's warm relationship with mr putin. the white house, citing us sanctions as evidence, says no—one has been tougher on moscow than trump. we saw he expelled 60 russian intelligence officers, sanctioned hundreds of targets, withdrew from the inf treaty,
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the open skies treaty, tried to halt nord stream, still trying to do that, imposing visa sanctions and many other actions. so make no mistake — this president is prepared to act, and will always act in protecting our american troops. but in the past three months alone, since the taliban bounty intelligence first emerged, mr trump has called mr putin a friend, offered humanitarian aid to russia, and pressed for russia tojoin the g7 group. it's great to be with you. the hand of friendship is at odds with russia's own actions. around the world, mr putin has pushed moscow's interests, to the detriment of the west. in crimea, in east ukraine, in syria, and now reports of more overt anti—american tactics in afghanistan. under putin, moscow has gained clout on the world stage. his next act is on the russian stage. tomorrow, the country decides whether to change the constitution so that vladimir putin can stay in power for another 16 years.
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stay with us on bbc news. still to come: the new research which suggests coronavirus could lead to strokes and long—term brain damage. china marked its first day of rule in hong kong china marked its first day of rule in hong kong with a series of spectacular celebrations. with a series of spectacular celebrations. a huge firework display was held in the former colony. the chinese president, jiang zemin, said unification was the start of a new era for hong kong. the world's first clone has been produced the world's first clone has been produced of an adult mammal. scientists in scotland have produced a sheep called dolly that was cloned in a laboratory that was cloned using a cell from another sheep. for the first time in 20 years, russian and american spacecraft have docked in orbit at the start of a new era of cooperation in space.
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challenger powered past the bishop rock lighthouse at almost 50 knots, shattering a record that had stood for 34 years. and there was no hiding the sheer elation of richard branson and his crew. this is bbc news, the latest headlines: china's new security laws for hong kong come into force, allowing those convicted to be jailed for life. america's leading virus expert issues a stark warning that cases are going in the wrong direction, as infections soar across the us. although more than 10 million people around the world are known to have suffered from covid—19, we're still at a very early stage of knowing what the long—term effects of the virus will be on those who survive it. now a team of specialists based here in london say it could be
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causing strokes and other types of severe neurological damage. medical correspondent fergus walsh has the story. paul milray will never be able to go diving again, but he feels fortunate to be alive. covid—19 first attacked his lungs and then caused two massive strokes. the 64—year—old has made an astonishing recovery, which doctors put down to his high level of fitness. i have four weeks of my life that is absent. i don't remember it. when i came round, i couldn't really get out of bed and i couldn't read anything, so i'm lucky in the physical terms. i've still got a bit of problem on the right—hand side, but it's minimal. i can read now, but it's tough. i forget what i've done. i've done something, then suddenly i forget what that is. so, paul welcome to your cognitive rehab session. paul is not alone.
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in just two weeks, doctors at the national hospital for neurology in london treated six covid patients who suffered strokes, all triggered by unusually sticky blood. this is the area that has been affected by the stroke, this is the acute stroke... after his first stroke, paul was put on blood thinners but despite that he suffered a second, even bigger stroke. to their surprise, doctors found clotting markers in the blood hundreds of times higher than normal. it's not the likes of anything we've seen before in stroke. certainly from a treatment perspective, certainly from the clotting factor perspective. i don't know if we exactly know, but something about this illness is causing a hyper clotability, causing clots in the legs, lungs and brain, like we've seen here.
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neurologists are also seeing covid patients with extensive inflammation of the brain, caused, they think, not by the virus but by the body's immune system overreacting to the disease. we were quite concerned that we are starting to see effects of covid on the brain that we haven't seen before. for some people, it's going to be a devastating, life—altering illness. we need to be prepared for decades of impact on people's brains. there's so much yet we don't know about how coronavirus attacks the body, but it's clear the brain is vulnerable. paul's recovery is exceptional. others are not so fortunate. fergus walsh, bbc news. european aircraft manufacturer airbus has announced plans to cut fifteen thousand jobs worldwide in response to the coronavirus crisis. —— 15,000 jobs. germany and france will lose around 5,000 jobs each
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and 1,700 in britain. in a statement, the company said commercial aviation activity had dropped by 40% and was not expected to recover to pre—covid levels until 2023 at the earliest. it's notjust airbus employees facing the prospect of unemployment, that pain been felt across the aerospace sector. airbus closest rivals boeing announced 13,000 job cuts back in may, mostly effecting employees in the us. as for airlines, there are numerous reports of heavyjob loses in the pipeline across providers. of those that we have clear numbers for, german airline lufthansa leads the way with 22,000 job cuts announced. british airways in the next highest, with 12,000 job loses planned to date. the airbus employess union, cfe-cgc, said that it will fight the decsision, describing the challenge posed to the airline sector as cyclical and the cuts an overeaction.
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translation: the situation is extremely complicated, extremely complicated, extremely violent. these figures have come as a shock. as you know, 14,931 posts been abolished, almost five thousand in france, 4952. it's important to know in this sector and in airbus as recently as march, we we re airbus as recently as march, we were still recruiting and looking for skills hard to find. three months later, three months later, you're cutting almost 15,000 jobs. borisjohnson has spelt out his hopes that innovation will play its part in an economic recovery from the coronavirus in creating new jobs, and that innovation included the potential of a zero—emissions commercial aircraft. he also mentioned hydrogen technology for heavy transport and industry. but as environment analyst roger harrabin reports, creating a hydrogen economy will present enormous challenges. is this the future of heavy transport? a lorry... a boat... a bus... even a plane? all of these are powered by hydrogen. and what about this beast being put through its paces in the staffordshire hills?
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this too is running on hydrogen. the gas in the tank is mixed with oxygen in the fuel cell which makes electricity to drive the machine. the only exhaust is harmless, nonpolluting steam. this digger could be powered like an electric car, using batteries, not hydrogen. but they would be much heavier and slower to refuel. there are two zero—emission solutions to the future, batteries and hydrogen. we've lost the lead on batteries to china. let's not lose the lead on hydrogen. but germany is already racing ahead with hydrogen trains. a 15—minute fill—up gives 600 miles of travel. hydrogen single—deck buses are already on the uk's roads. you might have been on one.
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now there's a double deck hydrogen bus. they're being built at ballymena in northern ireland, with potentially hundreds ofjobs. the hydrogen flows into the fuel cell. inside the fuel cell, the chemical reaction takes place. there are two main ways of producing the hydrogen in the first place. the main one uses fossil fuels. at plants like this, hydrogen is split off from natural gas, but it's costly and polluting. there's a lot of hype around hydrogen today, but virtually all hydrogen produced today is made using fossil fuels, and that brings with it all the problems of traditional fossil fuels. in other words, emitting large amounts of carbon emissions into the atmosphere and heating the planet. here is how hydrogen is made without carbon emissions. in the orkney islands, renewable electricity is used to split hydrogen from water, totally clean. many see hydrogen as a key fuel of the future, but producing enough of it from renewables to meet the prime minister's dream of zero—carbon long—haul flying, well, that is
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a mighty challenge. roger harrabin, bbc news. the area outside the white house in washington has been the scene of sometimes—violent clashes recently, but 9—year—old skater kaitlyn saunders saw something different. for her, the road surface known as black lives matter plaza became a place to perform. she and her mother have been telling us about her inspiration. my parents were talking to me about the black lives matter protests, and i decided i wanted to do something. hi, my name is kaitlyn, i'm nine years old, and i'm a figure skater. i was in awe watching her skate across black lives matter plaza. i wasn't sure as a parent how much she really understood about what was going on in the world. we had talked to her about some of the things, but to see her think about how she was feeling and express
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yourself in that way, and put those into her skating was incredible. there's some messages that are coming in, saying that people are watching it before they start their day, before they get up — just to have hope for the day. so it's inspiring to us, just the outpouring. well, there are thousands of thousands of comments, and they really make me smile. we went through it a few times and itjust got more powerful each time. and i think that the words "black lives matter" being written on the street while she was performing was definitely a game—changer. i asked her afterwards if the words were not there, would she have skated the same way? and she says she doesn't think she would have, because the words gave her the freedom and the power to kind of go all out. and the idea that people had been down there protesting,
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and the thought that she could have a voice in that was really powerful. and someone else was skating when i got onto the ice. and i really liked it because i felt free and, like, i was floating. i really look up to starr andrews, because she works really ha rd. and i also look up to emmanuel savary. i'd also like to inspire young black skaters. nine—year—old caitlin on black lives matter plaza. another public space, live in hong kong, where the ceremony to mark 23 years of the handover of the former british territory
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to china gets under way and beijingnew security laws came last night, many things seen as civil rights are now crimes punishable by prison. pro—democracy groups are dismayed and many other countries are concerned. thank you very much for watching. hello there. the rest of this week is looking fairly unsettled with pressure always a little bit lower. that'll bring showers through today, and also thursday, and on friday, we'll see another area of low pressure bringing some wet and windy weather to many of us. now, this is the weak area of low pressure i was talking about. across the country today, it's a weather front bringing more persistent rain to start the day across parts of central southern scotland, northern ireland and the far north of england. this tending to break up into showers, which could turn out to be heavy into the afternoon. england and wales may see the sunshine breaking through that cloud — all that'll do is set off some heavy, maybe thundery showers. temperatures reaching the high teens, low 20s in the south, but a chilly feel to things across northern and eastern
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scotland and northeast england with a northerly wind here, so, temperatures at best around the mid—teens celsius. looks like the showers will tend to merge together to create longer spells of rain across southern scotland, northern england, the midlands, and northern wales during wednesday night. it'll be milder in the south, further north with some clear spells with single figure values. again, it'll be chilly where we have our northerly wind. on into thursday, this weather front continuing to bring further showers particularly towards england and wales, but a brief ridge of high pressure will be trying to nose into scotland and northern ireland. so, here through the day, it should turn dryer with light winds and sunshine. so a better day here, but for england and wales, again the threat of heavy, it may be thundery showers developing through the midlands into east wales, and across into the south—east. temperatures reaching again below 20 in the south with sunshine, a little bit better further north—west, but still chilly near those north—east coasts. as we head on into friday, here it is, the next area of low pressure starts to push in off the atlantic.
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lots of isobars on the charts, so it'll turn windier initially across the west, then spreading its way eastward through the day. the rain will be persistent — northern ireland, especially western scotland, into the cumbrian fells, perhaps north—west wales. but i think central and eastern areas should tend to stay dry with variable amounts of cloud and some sunshine. so here, we get 20—21 celsius, mid—to—high teens further north. into the weekend, it remains unsettled with the pressure always lower, so it'll be quite windy at times and there will be rain around, particularly across the north and the west of the country. here, it will be windier and better, whereas further south and east you are, especially on sunday, it could be a bit brighter and feel a little bit warmer.
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this is bbc news. the headlines: china's new security law has come into force in hong kong, with subversion, terrorism and succession all now punishable by life in prison. nato and the eu have condemned the move. the changes took effect hours before the 23rd anniversary of the territory's reversion back to chinese sovereignty. american‘s top infectious disease expert, anthony fauci, has warned that coronavirus cases in the us could double to 100,000 a day if lockdown measures are not maintained. the surge has forced at least 16 mainly southern and western states to pause or reverse their reopening plans. president trump has denied reports that he or his close advisers were briefed on intelligence suggesting russia covertly offered taliban militants money to kill us troops in afghanistan last year. the white house says the fact that mr trump hadn't been briefed didn't mean such intelligence did not exist.
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here, a sharp rise in coronavirus cases in leicester have led

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