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tv   BBC News  BBC News  July 7, 2020 4:00am-4:30am BST

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this is bbc news. welcome if you're watching here in the uk, on pbs in america, or around the globe. i'm mike embley. our top stories: hong kong's chief executive defends the controversial new security law imposed by beijing, calling its provisions very mild. it only targets are very small minority of people who breach the law. at the same time, it will protect the overwhelming majority of hong kong citizens. businesses reopen in brazil's biggest city, but the country is still gripped by coronavirus. the president has taken a test after showing symptoms. parts of the us report record hospitalisations from covid—19, sparking fears some places could soon run out of beds. the pandemic puts paid to pamplona's most famous
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pasttime. its annual festival goes ahead without the city's iconic bull run. hong kong's chief executive, carrie lam, has been giving her first weekly briefing since details were released of the sweeping new security law imposed on the territory by the communist party leadership in beijing. she said the legislation would be vigorously implemented, and warned democracy activists not to challenge it, saying the consequences will be severe. she said national security was a red line that should not be crossed. this national security law is actually relatively mild, as faras, actually relatively mild, as far as, well, national security laws are concerned. first, its scope is very defined and
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confined. it only deals with four types of accent activities, endangering national security, and the offences a re national security, and the offences are clearly defined in law. the legal principles that we attach a lot of importance to, like presumption of innocence and no retrospective effect, and so on, they are being upheld. the security law was passed behind closed doors in beijing without approval from hong kong's legislature. the new law has also seen any books thought to contain political views removed from libraries and bookshops in hong kong, which the us secretary of state has described as orwellian. the bbc‘s martin yip is in hong kong for us. martin, how is all this going down there? well, in one sense, people are feeling the chill, and for sure there are plenty of people discussing how they
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would like removing —— like they were removing their campaign ads supporting protesters from restaurants, and all that. it also you mentioned the book band. and to make things probably worse, the reason he has been giving these remarks is not just reason he has been giving these remarks is notjust because they have been holding weekly briefings. because just they have been holding weekly briefings. becausejust over the past hours, they have issued new regulations on top of the national security law, which is a recommendation under article 42 of that, governing how hong kong police would actually enforce things like phone tapping, requesting information from relevant parties in hong kong and outside of hong kong, and more importantly, how people would be punished if they refuse to give such information. so there has already been legal experts arguing that this is a new
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piece of regulation on top of the national security law, that is in contrast, in stark contrast, with human rights protections. because of things like taking away your right to remain silent when being questioned by the police. so the whole city is obviously still digesting this whole thing, days after this law has been enacted, the seventh day by now, when we now have an extra piece of legislation, made by the national security committee, chaired by carrie lam herself, just overnight. and as we have been reported, martin, this is a law that allows security forces to search private property and detain people without any warrant, and order internet providers to remove any information that it is claimed harms national security. when carrie lam says the law is not doom and gloom for hong kong, and she has not noticed widespread fear among hong kong residents about the new law, is
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that true? this really goes in the territory of what side of the territory of what side of the story you choose to believe. because, first of all, the pro—beijing camp, including carrie lam herself, of course, because she is on behalf of the government, they have always been arguing that this piece of law is not as severe as people would think. they have always argued this would be a piece of lenient law, and even before it was actually reenacted, quite a number of pro—beijing politicians that we have been talking to have been saying lines that this would always be a piece of law that protects human rights, that it would a lwa ys human rights, that it would always be a piece of law that would respect all existing laws, and there are also pro—beijing politicians saying ten yea rs pro—beijing politicians saying ten years of imprisonment, which now we know the maximum penalty will actually be life imprisonment, is lenient. so it is not a surprise for the pro—beijing camp to say things
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like that, but how the public is reacting to it, there are lines from the local press saying people have been more active and enquiring how to emigrate to other places, like taiwan, for example, or even britain, especially when britain, especially when britain is now in the path of making new immigration privilege offer to british nationals overseas. so it really depends on how you want to— really depends on how you want to — which side of the story you want to trust. martin, thank you very much for that. ho—fung hung is professor of political economy atjohns hopkins university in baltimore in the us. he said the impact of the new law in hong kong could be far—reaching. i think it is not only the end of any hope for democracy, it is a major, significant attack on the freedom that hong kong has been enjoying since the british rule. that in — before 1997, hong kong was not a democracy,
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but at least people have the freedom to speak and to write books and articles and criticise the government, and i think now they are taking it away overnight. and how do you think hong kong will deal with this? is there any pushback possible, or will they simply be, like so many people in mainland china — just pretend they don't have any political opinions, and certainly don't express them? what worried me is that the chinese government is — they're giving no choice to the people in hong kong except continue to fight. because the hong kong people have been used to freedom of expression and protests, and voting for the candidates they like in local election. but now they are being taken away. these rights are being taken away, so that the hong kong people have to fight on. and the frightening thing is that this security law, national security law, is not only going to affect
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dissidents and activists, but also many ordinary people, professional businesspeople. later on, when there is a medical doctor who wants to talk about a virus that the chinese government wants to cover up like the wuhan virus, not long ago, or a journalist or a financial analyst want to talk about accounting fraud of a state—owned company in hong kong, so they will be affected. so, with the international business concentration of hong kong, it is not only an attack on the freedom of hong kong, but also the freedom of the whole world. professor, we've heard democracy activists asking for the rest of the world to stand with the people in hong kong. is there much the rest of the world can do? international pressure hasn't made much difference to the treatment of uighurs in xinjiang or what china is doing in tibet. and china is such a powerful player in the world. i think hong kong's situation is different from tibet and xinjiang because hong kong is a very — has a high concentration of foreigners and international business, journalists,
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ngos present. and also article 48 of the national security law also says the law applies to non—hong kong residents who commit crime according to the law who commits crime outside of hong kong, which means it hasjurisdiction over basically everybody in the world. so this attack on hong kong, civil society and business environment will force the whole world to react and to put sanctions on china, and many countries are considering offering political refugees pathway for hong kong people. it is not sure how it works, or whether it works, but definitely china has left all countries little choice other than responding strongly to this. brazil's president, jair bolsonaro, is saying he has undergone another test for coronavirus. local media had reported he had symptoms associated with covid—19. he told supporters outside the presidential palace he had just visited the hospital and been tested for the virus, adding that an exam had shown his lungs were, as he put it, "clean." brazil is the epicentre of the pandemic in latin america,
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with more than 1.6 million infections. sao paulo is the worst affected area, but even as the crisis worsens, the city is getting back to business. hair salons and restaurants have reopened. here is our south america correspondent katy watson in sao paulo. not even covid—19 symptoms could stop bolsonaro from eating his supporters outside the presidential palace. this time, though, he wore a mask and asked people to keep their distance. he told his fans he had returned from taking a lung exa m had returned from taking a lung exam at hospital and was doing a test for the virus has well. according to local media, he had a fever, but reassured his supporters he was fine. this is the fourth test mr bolsonaro will have taken. all have previously come back negative. hours earlier, the president further weakened the first piece of national legislation that required the obligatory use of facemasks in public. he scrapped the need for them to be worn in brazil's presence. last week, he vetoed provisions making it mandatory to use a mask in shops, churches and schools. meanwhile, on monday, bars and
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schools. meanwhile, on monday, bars a nd restau ra nts schools. meanwhile, on monday, bars and restaurants in sao paulo, the worst hit city in all of brazil, started to reopen. facemasks obligatory and strict measures in place. it is what jair bolsonaro has wa nted it is what jair bolsonaro has wanted from the very start, the economy back up and running. after nearly four months in quarantine, it feels like the biggest city in south america is returning to normality. but this is no normal, with so many people dying every single day. translation: there is fear the virus is still around. it is not over. quarantine worked to educate the population on how to be safe. we have these protocols on display, making them clear, so people feel safe and go to the bar. only the us has more covid—i9 infections and deaths in brazil, but experts warn that brazil could be weeks away from the peak. it doesn't seem to matter to brazilian authorities. mr bolsonaro has downplayed the virus from the very start,
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calling it a little cold, and arguing that if he was to get it, his athletic history would mean he would feel very little, if anything at all. the results of his test are due out on tuesday. in the united states, texas, florida and arizona are just a few of the latest covid hotspots, with infection numbers and hospitalisations soaring. and, now that the country has just gone through the 4july holiday weekend, there are concerns that many more cases could be on the horizon. from new york, laura trevelyan reports. americans celebrated independence day this weekend, as coronavirus infections went up in more than 30 states. on this lake in minnesota, there wasn't much social distancing going on, nor at this holiday gathering in colorado. in arizona, where people have been protesting against the restrictions aimed at stopping the spread of the virus, there are now more than 100,000 coronavirus cases. in the most populated states in the us, florida, california and texas, cases are surging, with fears that hospitals could be overwhelmed. right now, the virus has
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the upper hand throughout much of america, most of america. we can regain the upper hand if we work together. but president trump, who celebrated 4 july in washington, insists the increase in cases is not about the virus spiralling out of control. it's because ramped—up testing is uncovering more infections. now, we have tested almost a0 million people. by so doing, we show cases, 99% of which are totally harmless. as infectious disease experts poured scorn on that claim, the president's allies found themselves, not for the first time, explaining what their boss really meant. i don't think it was the president's intent to downplay that as much as saying, "let's look at the risk, and let's look at this in an appropriate way, based on facts and figures." new york was once the epicentre of the outbreak in the us. yet today, manhattan entered stage three of reopening,
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as the number of cases has dropped dramatically. but crowds gathering on beaches at the weekend prompted the governor to warn people not to get complacent. andrew cuomo had this message for president trump. just wear the mask. i've been asking him to do it for weeks. just wear the mask. the president hasn't done so in public yet. on the defensive, his advisers point out that fewer people are dying from the virus in the us now. but, as hospitalisations increase, that could change. the president, meanwhile, is planning a campaign rally in new hampshire for saturday, even as cases spike across america's sunbelt. laura trevelyan, bbc news, new york. stay with us on bbc news. still to come: bringing comfort from coronavirus in chile. the violinist who serenades the sick.
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this will central london has been rocked by a series of terrorist will terrorist attacks. police say there have been many casualties, and there is growing speculation that al-qaeda was responsible. germany will be the hosts of the 2006 football world cup. they pipped the favourites, south africa, by a single vote. in south africa, the possibility of losing hadn't even been contemplated, and celebration parties were cancelled. the man entered the palace through a downstairs window and made his way to the queen's private bedroom. then he asked herfor a cigarette, and on the pretext of arranging for some to be brought, she summoned a footman on duty, who took the man away. one child, one teacher, one book, and one pen can change the world. education is the only solution.
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this is bbc world news. our main headline: hong kong's chief executive defends the controversial new security law imposed by beijing, calling its provisions very mild. people in south—west japan are bracing for more heavy rain, as rescue workers race to find those missing in the weekend's severe floods. at least 37 people have died in record rainfall. reged ahmad reports. mud and damage with cars casually flip over. this is the aftermath of devastating flooding infected on parts of japan's southern island of kyushu. unprecedented heavy rains over the weekend led to rivers bursting their banks causing landslides and leaving a path of muddy destruction. dozens have died and there are others still missing as further mudslides and rain
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hamper rescue efforts. translation: over 40,000 members from units of the police, fire department, self—defense forces, and coast guard are putting all of their efforts into searching for and rescuing people. residents are keen to clean up the mess but their efforts may be premature with strong warnings of more to come. translation: the municipalities where the heavy rain emergency warning has been issued have suffered torrential rain which is so severe that it's never been experienced before. damage from landslides, flooding and other disasters is highly likely to have been inflicted already. japan is not alone. in the east of china, flash flooding caused by torrential rain in the province of hubei in china has hit crops and damaged roads. and for the southern yunnan province affirms forms of been inundated with no way out. residents had to be rescued
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from the flood waters. injapan the rain keep coming. people on the southern island have been told to leave their homes. the country's meteorological agency says it might issue further emergency warnings for more areas. telling people to find safety wherever they can. this week singapore becomes only the second country in asia to hold an election during the pandemic. unsurprisingly, the disease and its impact is a key issue — and how to ensure safe elections. sharanjit leyl is there. empower your future! this is what singapore's election rallies normally look like for the country's opposition parties. and this is what
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they look like now. five years ago, tens of thousands of people filled this field. i was here then, in this exact same spot. and as you can see, there's nothing of the sort this time. this election will mostly be fought online. we are stakeholders in this country... like this — political parties live streaming their campaign rallies, since large outdoor gatherings are banned. cedric tan has invited friends over. i do miss a good rally when you're there, and you can taste the air and you have a think about what will happen on polling day. of course, in singapore, nothing much is very surprising. but still, you indulge in that moment where you hear the speaker and you go, "great charisma." but some campaigning is still being done the old—fashioned way — only with masks on. heng swee keat has overseen much of the government's spending to help people overcome the economic hardships caused by the pandemic. we will have immediate
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health care in place, we must take care of our people. and at the same time, there will also be significant social impact in the coming years. he belongs to the ruling party, the only party that's been in charge since singapore's independence. but despite singapore's usually predictable politics, this year there's one big surprise. hi! the prime minister's brother — only he's campaigning against his brother's party after a public spat over their late father's estate. he's not standing as a candidate, but he is lending singapore's most potent political family name to an opposition party. today, many see the pap as a party of the elite. that it's lost touch with what the common man wants. you know, they use the term natural aristocracy, and that term has really become
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a hot button in singapore. but for the analysts, the question is whether this will translate into votes for the government's opponents. we are faced with the situation of a party that's tried and tested, a party that's governed singapore since 1959. but there are also concerns about them being rather arrogant, you know, if not at times tone deaf. and voters also recognise the need for a healthy, credible opposition, you know, for a system of checks and balances to properly operate. citizens head to the polls on 10 july. and while the pap will likely keep their grip on power, what will be scrutinised is whether they'll win big.
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sharanjit leyl, bbc news, singapore. the famous running of the bulls festival has got under way in the spanish city of pamplona. the annual event is looking very different this year because of coronavirus. alanna petroff reports. usually the festival in pamplona looks like this. thousands of revellers packing the streets. this year, the kickoff was much tamer. a small crowd the streets. this year, the kickoff was much tamer. a small crowd with the streets. this year, the kickoff was much tamer. a small crowd with social the streets. this year, the kickoff was much tamer. a small crowd with social distancing. in previous years, the festival's famous running of the bulls attract attention from around the world and it's followed by bullfights. this year, bulls will not be making an appearance. the risk of crowds and spreading coronavirus is simply too great. animal welfare activists say they hope this is the start ofa say they hope this is the start of a new era. this will not be the year when bullfighting and is forever. eventually this industry will die out and what happened with the lockdown,
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with covid—19, is the last nail in the coffin of the bullfighting industry. spain's unique bullfighting industry has been suffering. even before coronavirus came along. over the years, there's been fewer events and less work to go around for the matadors. now, in the midst of the pandemic, it's been especially tough for the industry. and some locals in pamplona aren't in the mood to celebrate, especially as tourism has taken a hard hit. translation: from here it's true, we can see people partying, wearing white and a scarf, it's strange for me personally because of the losses without and concerns about the future so it's weird because you'd like to celebrate it but you can't. still, while many won't be out in the streets like this, a great number will be hoping they can get back to their traditional festival next year. alanna
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petroff, bbc news. chile has been hard hit by the pandemic. as so often, the frontline is in hospitals across the country. as the bbc‘s tim allman reports, one nurse is trying to ease pressure on the patients and her colleagues in an unusual way. violin plays even in a place full of fear... ..there can be the most beautiful sound of hope. at the intensive care unit of this hospital in santiago, nurse damaris silva plays her violin. she has already worked a full shift and as she walks the corridors for hours, trying to soothe and inspire. translation: i am delivering a little bit of love, a little bit of faith and a little hope with my violin. every time i do it i do it from my heart. twice a week she does her rounds, playing mostly a mix of local favourites.
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some of these patients have spent weeks here but damaris is notjust helping them, she helps those who treat them as well. translation: it is great that she comes around and plays music. it is something really beautiful, honestly. as much for me as i imagine it is for the patients who are quite stressed from being sick in here. chile's health ministry says there are positive signs things are getting better full but in a system that has come close to breaking point, spirit desperately need to be lifted. damaris is doing her best. one song at a time. tim allman, bbc news.
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there is much more in the bbc news website. thank you for watching. hello. well, not much happening with the weather out there at the moment. a lot of dry weather, some clear spells. and, actually, tuesday morning isn't looking too bad at all across most of the uk. however, rain is expected, and once it arrives, it might stick around all through the day. and it will end up being grey, damp and cool at least for some of us — not everywhere. now, at the moment, you can see the gap in the weather across the uk — some clear spells here. but out in the atlantic is this daisy chain of weather fronts. you can see the clouds here, rain—bearing clouds. that is heading in our direction. once it reaches us, it will stick around, this whole sort of conveyor belt of cloud and rain, probably for a good 2—3 days.
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so, this is what it looks like through the early hours. you can see quite across much of england, wales, scotland, apart from a few showers there, dry just about to northern ireland, but here is that weather front, that daisy chain of cloud and rain that i've just been talking about. that's going to be reaching ireland very early in the morning and then spread into northern ireland. belfast is in for some rain certainly by mid—morning. then, basically, it's this central swathe of the uk that will turn grey and wet at times. so northern wales, merseyside, certainly lancashire into the lakes, not particularly pleasant, and that rain will spread into yorkshire too. either side of that, actually, the weather isn't too bad at all. some sunshine there in scotland and in the south of the country as well. but then, that weather front, that sort of conveyor belt is going to sink further southwards. so it's more southern parts of the country that gets the cloud and outbreaks of rain on wednesday — whereas areas to the north, will turn a little bit brighter. so, liverpool, perhaps some sunshine there come wednesday and 18 degrees.
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now, it's still with us on thursday, the remnants of it. still cloud and some outbreaks of rain across the south, probably from liverpool northwards, the weather is looking better. some sunshine in belfast there on thursday, not a bad day, but cool, 16 degrees, this is airfrom the north atlantic. all of that warmth is still way to the south where it's heating up across spain, portugal and france. we're in the cool air right now. now, this is the outlook for the next few days. that warmer airfrom the southern climes willjust be about reaching us, but we'll have to wait, i think, until the weekend.
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this is bbc news. the headlines: chief executive carrie lam has said national security in hong kong is a red line that should not be crossed, and has described the new law imposed by the chinese leadership in beijing as lenient, not strict. but she said the consequences of challenging it would be severe. it allows security forces to search private property or detain suspects without any warrant. brazil's president has said he has undergone another test for coronavirus. jair bolsonaro told supporters he had a lung exam which had shown them to be, as he put it, "clean." brazil has the world's second—highest numbers of virus cases and deaths, and there has been widespread criticism that he is not taking the pandemic seriously. the british socialite ghislaine maxwell, former girlfriend of the disgraced financier and convicted paedophile jeffrey epstein, has been moved to prison in new york from new hampshire, where she was arrested. she faces six charges including recruiting and grooming girls for epstein.

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