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tv   BBC News  BBC News  July 15, 2020 3:00am-3:31am BST

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welcome to bbc news. our top stories: president trump signs an executive order that he says will hold china accountable for its actions in hong kong. hong kong will now be treated the same as mainland china. no special privileges, no a special economic treatment, and no export of sensitive technologies. the government in london also takes a swipe at beijing, ordering tech from the chinese company huawei to be stripped from the uk's telecoms network. tears from ghislaine maxwell as the former girlfriend ofjeffrey epstein is refused bail while she awaits trial for helping him sexually abuse young girls. and money really does grow on trees: the us town using its own wooden currency to stimulate
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spending after lockdown. hello. president trump has outlined a litany of complaints against china as he announced the signing of an executive order, stripping hong kong of its right to preferential economic treatment. in a news conference, the president said the people of hong kong have had their freedoms taken away. today, i also signed an executive order ending us preferential treatment for hong kong. hong kong will now be treated the same as mainland china, no special privileges, no special economic treatment, and no export of sensitive technologies. in addition to that, as you know, we're placing massive tariffs and have placed
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very large tariffs on china. first time that's ever happened to china. the bbc‘s peter bowes gave us this update from los angeles. it was an announcement about hong kong and china and lasted a few moments, but then the news conference, very long, typical of donald trump, went on for over an hour, and it had more of the feel of a campaign rally the likes of which we will see over the next few weeks and months. but on hong kong, it was, as you said, condemnation of the actions of china against hong kong. of course, we've seen the most sweeping changes of the political landscape in hong kong since 1997 when the territory was handed over to the uk, and that condemnation was expected from donald trump. it essentially gives his signature of approval to legislation that was passed in us congress earlier this month, and also, and perhaps most significantly, especially for those people trading between the united states and hong kong, the ending of the special privileges status which has made easier for business to take place,
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trade to take place between hong kong and the united states. from now on, hong kong will be treated in exactly the same way as mainland china and therein lies the big issue, the big picture because there is a war of words going on between china and the united states, specifically donald trump of course, blaming china for not slowing down, not warning the world about the coronavirus and saying that beijing was responsible for the rapid spread of the virus, and donald trump used this press conference to express all those grievances as well, and in terms of the politics, also attacking his political rival, joe biden, and questioning what it's going to be like under a potential president biden in terms of his relations with china. the british government has announced a major u—turn. it now aims to exclude the chinese company, huawei, from building britain's 56 data networks.
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it's just six months since ministers originally agreed to give the company a limited role. the reversal of policy will please washington, but anger beijing. here's our security correspondent gordon corera. sg promises to be the technology of the future, powering innovation and connecting everything around us together. but today, we learned that huawei will be locked out of that future in the uk as the government announced a major u—turn on the role of the chinese company. as facts have changed, so has our approach. that is why we have taken this decision that there can be no new huawei equipment from the end of this year, and set out a clear timetable to exclude huawei completely by 2027, with an irreversible path implemented by the time of the next election. critics claim allowing a chinese company to build these 56 phone masts is a security threat, risking data being stolen
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or services switched off. that's something the company denies, but pressure from washington has forced the uk to shift from its january decision to let the company play a limited role. this is a decision based on us trade priorities, and trade requirements, as opposed to a decision about security. you know, we're very disappointed by the decision from the government. we think it's bad news for the people of the uk. we think it's bad news if you use a smartphone or you use the internet. there are thousands of mobile phone masts all across the country, and the challenge is that huawei is already embedded in many of them, notjust sg, but also ag we've already been using with our phones, and even the network carrying data beneath our streets. the government has chosen a 7—year time frame for huawei's removal because even though it will slow down 56 roll—out, they are hoping it will limit the disruption to the technology on which we all rely.
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there's been intense lobbying from telecoms companies who use huawei. they'd warned of coverage blackouts. but today, the chief executive of britain's biggest, bt, seemed confident they could make this timetable work. are you actually going to be going round places and physically taking out huawei kit, or is itjust more a question of replacing it when it comes for upgrade? it's mainly going to be replacing it when it comes for upgrade. i mean, there is a little bit of re—engineering and moving huawei kit into different places, but, again, what's so important for us is to have the time to deploy the right kit in the right place, and make sure not only are we delivering the service for our 2a million mobile customers today, but also building the new network, the new 56 network for the future. conservative backbenchers had pushed for a tougher line. one cautiously welcomed the new plan, but said he wanted to see it followed through. i'm hoping this is going to be a slow goodbye to huawei, a high—risk vendor, but it could be that they double down,
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they try to sell as much kit in the next few months as possible, and people are still putting, legally, high—risk vendor kit into our 56 network in three, four and five years time in the hope that policy or government changes. this evening came the first response from china. its ambassador to the uk tweeting: today may not be the end of the road. just as washington piled on the pressure, now it may be beijing's turn. gordon corera, bbc news. let's get some of the day's other news. the trump administration has reversed course on a plan to bar international students from american universities if they were going to be taking classes exclusively online. harvard and mit had sued the administration,
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saying the decision would limit access to education. international students also provide much—needed tuition fees for american schools. the supreme courtjustice, ruth bader ginsburg, is in hospital in baltimore receiving treatment for a suspected infection. she's had a minor procedure we are told and is expected to stay in hospital for a few days. she is the oldest member of the current court and a noted liberal. if she had to be replaced, it would give the trump administration another chance to appoint a more conservative judge. the us government has carried out the first federal execution in almost two decades, putting to death a man who killed a family in arkansas in the 1990s. daniel lewis lee died by lethal injection at a federal prison in indiana. relatives of lee's victims had campaigned against his execution. the french president has led a scaled—down bastille day celebration in paris. instead of the usual military parade, emmanuel macron joined in the applause
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for health workers who played key roles in the pandemic. more than a thousand were invited, with relatives of those who died fighting the disease. ajudge in new york has denied bail for ghislaine maxwell, former girlfriend of the financier and convicted paedophilejeffrey epstein. maxwell pleaded not guilty to charges that she groomed and helped him abuse young girls. nada tawfik was in the courtroom. after a life of luxury, this is now ghislaine maxwell's stone—cold reality, denied bail, imprisoned in solitary confinement, and heavily guarded here at the metropolitan detention center in brooklyn with her trail at least a year away. jeffrey epstein‘s alleged co—conspirator appeared remotely in court from a small white room, and pleaded not guilty. stripped of her power and privilege in a brown prison top, with her hair tied back, she sat mostly expressionless during the more than 2—hour hearing.
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from the moment the judge read out the decision, ghislaine maxwell hung her head, visibly trying to absorb the news, and a few times, she used herfinger to wipe under her eye. her lawyers said she was not jeffrey epstein, and had been unfairly portrayed as a monster by endless media spin. but prosecutors successfully argued that she was an extreme flight risk and was skilled at living and hiding. they say she bought her property in new hampshire under the alias ‘janet marshall‘ to conceal her identity. when fbi agents raided the estate, she ignored orders and locked herself in another room. annie farmer, one of maxwell's accusers in the indictment, phoned into the remote hearing and implored the judge to hold her detained. she said maxwell was a sexual predator who groomed and abused her, and never showed remorse for her heinous crimes. i don't think this is something that is going to be over with this year. david boies represents i2 epstein accusers, including annie farmer. he says he's handed over evidence to prosecutors which could implicate others if introduced during the trial. prince andrew is clearly somebody
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who is going to come under even more scrutiny now than he did before. there's...too much evidence of their connection, both independent of epstein, and with epstein. prince andrew has denied having sex with under—age girls or being aware of epstein‘s crimes. this saga has been filled with twists, turns and disturbing revelations. ghislaine maxwell's impending trial has the potential to be even more explosive. nada tawfik, bbc news, new york. tara palmeri, who hosts the podcast broken: jeffrey epstein, also followed the hearing and has been keeping up with the stories of the alleged victims. part of the reason why she was denied bail is that she has a passport for a country that does not have an extradition policy with the united states, so if she went to france, it would be difficult for us authorities to get her back, and they consider her to be
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an extreme flight risk because of the fact that she has lots of money at her disposal, anything up to $20 million in various international bank accounts, she's been living off the lam for a year and hiding very well, on 156 acres of land, she never even had to leave the property because she had former british military officers guarding her and doing her chores for her and then even during her arrest, when the fbi was at her house and saw her through the window, she refused to open the door for them and said. . .scampered off into another room, so it's just this feeling that ghislaine will run. and also, the severity of the crimes is another part of the reason why there is so much pressure on the southern district of new york and, frankly, the penal system in new york to make sure that ghislaine maxwell is alive and present
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for her trial next year. tara, she says, of course, she shouldn't be in jail because of the risk of catching coronavirus. do we know how serious that risk is in the jail where she is? it's a serious risk i think, anywhere. in communal living, you're going to be at risk for contracting coronavirus, but there are still prisoners in thatjail, so why should ghislaine maxwell get special treatment? they are taking special cautions. she's also under a really intense watch, a suicide watch. she's been wearing paper gowns, basically what you would wear when you go to the doctor to have an examination because the material is not sturdy enough to use as a way to harm yourself, you know, to commit suicide, essentially, so she has been on a hard bed, no sheets, naked, basically, with this paper sheet and being watched like an animal in a cage, basically. tara, i know you've been following the stories of epstein and maxwell's
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alleged victims. how have they responded to the hearing and what's happened, generally? they are thrilled. they felt like they were... they were worried for about a year thinking that there might not bejustice for them, that they would have to accept thatjeffrey epstein was able to evade it by. . .through his death. they were worried that his co—conspirators would get off free, and that the story would be forgotten, and it would be like what happened in florida in 2008 whenjeffrey epstein got a slap on the wrist, 13 months in prison, 12 hours a day, work release, and then back on the streets abusing women, and they were worried that this whole story would be swept under the rug and forgotten so they are just so elated that ghislaine maxwell has been captured, and that she is going to be in prison while she awaits trial so there's hope that there will be a trial and through discovery process, the victims can finally testify and tell their story,
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have a hearing, the hearing that they never had and tell the world about the abuse ofjeffrey epstein because they truly hope this story will stop future predators. stay with us on bbc news. still to come, unmasking the benefits: we look at the effectiveness of face coverings in the fight against coronavirus. after months of talks and missed deadlines, a deal has been struck to keep greece within the eurozone. the immediate prospect of greece going bust in the worst crisis to hit the eurozone has been averted. emergency services across central europe are stepping up their efforts to contain the worse floods this century. nearly 100 people have been killed. broadway is traditionally called the 'great white way' by americans, but tonight, it's completely blacked out. it's a timely reminder to all americans of the problems that the energy crisis
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has brought to them. leaders meet in paris for a summit on pollution, inflation and third world debt. this morning, theyjoined the revolution celebrations for a show of military might on the champs—elysees. wildlife officials in australia have been coping with a penguin problem. fairy penguins have been staggering ashore and collapsing after gorging themselves on a huge shoal of their favourite food, pilchards. some had eaten so much, they could barely stand. this is bbc news. the latest headlines: in response to china's crackdown on democratic freedoms, president trump has signed an executive order ending preferential trade terms for hong kong. a u—turn from the uk — the government here has decided to ban the chinese tech comany
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huawei from its 5g network. in many western countries, the debate over wearing a face mask has become mixed up with politics and ideas of freedom. injapan, wearing a mask is simply what you do to stop viruses. people have been doing it for years, long before covid—19. medical experts believe it's a habit that's helped them now. from tokyo, rupert wingfield—hayes. at shinagawa station in tokyo, it's the morning rush hour. tens of thousands are pouring from the station, heading for nearby office towers. not a single person here is without a face mask. no—one has been ordered to wear one, but everyone does. translation: i don't think it's acceptable not to wear a mask. i think everyone in the world should do so. coronavirus is something we should take very seriously. translation: i think japanese are obedient, and listen to what
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other people say. that's why we wear masks. it's very japanese. the effectiveness of masks like these at protecting you from covid—19 is still hotly debated. but there is a striking difference in death rates between countries like japan, where masks are universally worn, and place where they aren't. in the united states, the current mortality rate from covid—19 is 400 per million. in the united kingdom, it is over 600 per million. here injapan, it is just seven per million. scenes like these of americans protesting against mask—wearing have left one of the world's leading public health experts shaking his head in despair. you know, it's striking if you look at the united states, where there is almost a wilful, flagrant desire to show that, "i'm not going to do what other
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people are telling me to do. i'm not going to wear a mask." and it's been transformed from the idea, how do we protect each other, to i'm going to show that i'm not going to be pushed around. in japan, university experiments like these have shown clearly how wearing a mask can cut the volume of droplets ejected by a cough or a sneeze. for long—time tokyo resident james whitlow delano, there is no question where he would rather be during this pandemic. i'd rather be here. i think the japanese, generally speaking, are more civic—minded, community—minded. they care, frankly, more about their neighbours. individualism is great. it's baked into who i am. but this is a time to set that aside for other people, and to me, mask—wearing is so important in that process. until there is a vaccine for covid—19, this is
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the new reality. but, if wearing masks can help protect yourself and others, it is a discomfort most japanese people appear willing to bear. rupert wingfield—hayes, bbc news, in tokyo. the hirola antelope is one of the world's most endangered species. there are fewer than 500 left in the wild, on the border between kenya and somalia. urgent conservation work is under way. the bbc went to meet a man determined to save the hirola. hirola antelope is a unique antelope found in areas along the kenya—somali border. they have a population of less than 500 individuals, so they are so special in the sense that there's nothing like them in the rest of kenya, and for that matter the rest of the world. my name is abdullahi ali. i'm a kenyan conservation biologist working to study the hirola antelope. this species have declined
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from about 16,000 in the 1970s. the reason for their decline is unusual. it's basically lack of food. over time, there has been a sort of a landscape change. we used to have about 5,000 elephants in these areas, roaming freely with the hirola. by the 1980s, all these elephants were gone, and those elephants used to maintain open grasslands for the hirola. the hirola relies on grassland. they subsist almost entirely on grasslands. we found out that food was the problem. we are doing a variety of activities, primarily habitat restoration. so now we are working with the local communities to open up these areas and regenerate the grasslands. and now we are acting as the elephants, and as the change agents here, where we are thinning down invasive acacia trees and also reseeding these areas.
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one of our goals is to empower the next generation of conservationists for the hirola. we are investing in communities and doing this in a number of ways. one is, for example, we are raising awareness in schools for kids to learn about the existence of this species, and also what it means to do the conservation of this species. in addition, we are also supporting students to go to colleges to study conservation. we are also doing an anti—poaching effort with local communities, where we are trying to minimise any poaching activities in the hirola range. insecurity remains the biggest threat in our area. of course, we work in areas along the kenya—somali border, and it's a volatile area.
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this presents a unique challenge to us that has been — also been with us for a number of decades. and we hope the situation will improve in the nearfuture, where we have a suitable environment where we can do all this conservation work peacefully. this species is currently listed as a critically endangered species. in the next decade or so, i want to see this downgraded to at least an endangered status, and to see a population which is functional and flourishing throughout their historical geographical range. for many places the economic impact of the lockdown has been devastating. businesses were forced to close down and some never re—opened. in one town in the american state of washington, they're looking back to the great depression for inspiration on how to boost their economy and the answer may grow on trees. the bbc‘s tim allman explains.
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this town in washington is the epitome of smalltown usa but it's been more like a ghost town since the pandemic began. at streets, storefronts closed, the local economy grinding to a halt so the towns town mac issued his own currency, made from thin planks of wood, using this old victorian printing press to try and stimulate a little growth. from small acorns, grove mighty 0aks. . little growth. from small acorns, grove mighty oaks. .m seems to be a point of pride the reaction because it is history and because, as americans, we take pride in being independent and taking ca re of being independent and taking care of things ourselves. inspiration came from the great depression when local officials first printed wedding currency. each residency needed is given $300 per month which they can
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use in local shops and restau ra nts. use in local shops and restaurants. we basically trade oui’ restaurants. we basically trade our own restaurants. we basically trade our own cash and obviously there are restrictions that apply, you cannot buy tobacco, lottery, liquor by any other actual goods, it works like cash. tenino all covid-s19 are only good in the limits of the town about an all those currency is helping to attract some tourists, wooden money is unlikely to be a long—term solution. but it's a start. tim allman, bbc news. the elusive street artist banksy has spray painted a coronavirus message for commuters on the london underground. in a video posted online under the caption "if you don't mask, you don't get" banksy is seen on the central line tube, dressed as a professional cleaner. he can be seen asking passengers to move away, then stencilling his trademark rats — holding a blue mask as a parachute, holding a bottle of sanitiser, and of course, wearing a mask. not your average commute but,
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then, these are hardly normal times. thank you for watching. hello there. if anything, tuesday is looking a little grayer than wednesday. we did manage some sunshine on tuesday, across the midlands, across parts of scotland. but this was a general picture for most of the country — that of a lot of cloud. now, we've got thicker cloud courtesy of this weather front toppling in. it's been bringing rain and drizzle through the night across northern and western areas. it continues to progress further southwards and eastwards. so, under the clear skies further south and east, it's not going to be particularly chilly. we could start with a little bit of sunshine here. but we'll have thicker cloud and rain for many areas, and as a result, it'll be a mild night, but a misty one. a lot of this low cloud will sit on the hills and around the coasts as well, hence the fact it'll be grey
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and damp to start for many. that drizzly rain makes its way towards east anglia and the south—east for the afternoon, whilst tending to ease further west. we may see some brightness for northern ireland and for wales and the south—west later. and for shetland, we may hold onto some sunshine until quite late in the day. but for most, there's more cloud, still some patchy drizzle, and it'll feel a little bit cooler. there's a gentle north—westerly breeze, the exception perhaps being northern ireland — seeing temperatures just a little higher here. now, as we go through the evening and overnight, that cloud continues to thin out a little bit. so it's going to be another mild night, misty and murky again, but without those weather fronts. as they move away on thursday, it promises a better chance of seeing some brighter weather, even a little sunshine, and so that'll help to lift the temperatures. it's just the far north—west where we'll see some rain coming in on this weather front late in the day. so a better chance of some brightness on thursday. high pressure's still with us then, building through those weather fronts, weakening them all the time. but i think for scotland, and potentially northern ireland, friday will bring some more rain, and it's cooler air that follows behind. whereas there's a good chance that we'll see some decent spells of sunshine for many other areas on friday, and that will really
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elevate the temperatures — 23—26 degrees celsius. now, as we go into the weekend, that weather front will progress further southwards. so it will introduce potentially more cloud, some patchy rain for northern ireland, southern scotland, northern england. brighter but cooler weather follows on behind. but we've still got that warming air further south, so the potential for something much warmer still to form across southern and eastern areas. but, during the day on wednesday, it does look potentially very cloudy for many of us. as ever, there's more on the website.
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this is bbc news — the headlines: president trump has signed an executive order stripping hong kong of its right to preferential economic treatment from the us. he said the territory would now betreated the same as mainland china. his administration seems to be adopting a tougher stance on china in response to its severe crackdown on democratic freedoms in hong kong. in a policy u—turn, the british government decided to stop using equipment from the chinese tech giant, huawei, for the uk's 5g telecom networks. ministers say the decision was prompted by a new cyber security assessment. the us has welcomed the move, but there are fears china will retaliate. a judge in new york refuses to grant bail to ghislaine maxwell, former girlfriend of the financier and convicted sex offender jeffrey epstein.
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she wept as she appeared via videolink. she's charged with trafficking young girls for him and goes on trial nextjuly. working from home means millions of people have taken to video calling in the past few months. including the queen — she has been talking to three serving members of the armed forces stationed around the world about life and work during the coronavirus pandemic. our royal correspondent nicholas witchell reports. she normally meets her servicemen and women face—to—face, butjust now it has to be done via a conference call. no reason to forget protocol, though. watch the top right of the screen. good morning. yes, if you're a general, chief of the defence staff, no less, you begin with a bow. and then to business. first to a sailor, speaking from a royal fleet auxiliary ship in the caribbean.

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