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tv   BBC World News  BBC News  August 4, 2020 1:00am-1:31am BST

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a very warm welcome to bbc news, with the latest headlines for viewers in the uk and around the world. my name's mike embley. our top stories: the former king of spain, juan carlos, has abruptly left the country, weeks after he was linked to a corruption inquiry. president trump lashes out at one of his top medical advisers but insists the pandemic is receeding. key figures in the northern ireland peace process have been paying tribute to john hume, who's died at the age of 83. he was right at the outset the person who, when it wasn't fashionable said this could become a reality. and with us hostility over tiktok, the chinese company behind the app could move from beijing to london.
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hello. juan carlos, the former king of spain, says he's leaving the country, weeks after he was linked to an investigation into allegations of corruption. in a letter to his son, king felipe, juan carlos said he'd taken the decision to help his heir carry out his duties as monarch. our correspondent nick beake explains. it's interesting trying to interpret this. it is, on the face of it, a letter from a father to a son, making clear that the allegations at a time when he, of course, was the king himself, juan carlos, are detracting from the current institution and the way they are trying to rebuild and salvage reputation. he makes it clear that the allegations against him are very public and they are damaging and he says the best thing
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is for him to go to somewhere else, to leave the country, so that his son is able to govern, to reign in a way that he describes as being tranquil, so that is his intention, that is his hope, whether or not that is the case we shall see. even though he is leaving the country, the various investigations will continue and, and remember, they are on two fronts, both domestically, you have, back injune, the spanish supreme court saying it will look into the allegations against him which, of course, came to light after a swiss publication said that this money had been received as a result of this contract involving saudi arabia. that cash had come from the late saudi king, but also you have the swiss financial authorities there as well, of course they are well versed in looking into quite detailed, prolonged investigations. you would think that both that continues as well and interestingly, there has been a statement from the royal household tonight saying that, yes, it wants to underscore the role that king juan carlos played but also how
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democracy and the rule of law, making sure thatjustice prevails, they are also important qualities that spain wants to uphold now and in the future. president trump has again claimed the coronavirus outbreak in the united states is receding. the us, with 4% of the world's population, has suffered nearly 23% of total global deaths from the virus. mr trump has also criticised one of his own top medical advisers, dr deborah birx, who said the disease was now widespread across the us and a greater threat than when the outbreak first began. our correspondent peter bowes is in los angeles. this is complicated in an already complicated picture? this is complicated in an already complicated picture ?m has. the fact that he seems to have a disagreement with another of his medical advisors does not send necessarily a
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coherent message to american people who are still i think desperate for guidance. that is what you often hear in the districts and states, that local officials want more national and federal guidance as to how to cope with this. dr fauci saying that perhaps political motivated disputes are not helping the situation but donald trump also talked about how he sees the fight with coronavirus going, the number of cases down by 6% and significantly, he said, the number of cases web people are testing positive, the positivity rate is improving. he says overall, from his news conference, his message was positive. we are beginning to see evidence of significant progress. nationwide the number
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of positive cases has declined by nearly 6% from the week before and that test rate is also dropped over that same period of time, an encouraging sign. very encouraging, i have to add, the virus is receding. the president making some assertions. the president is still trying to sow doubt about postal ballads even though his administration and most of his family have voted by mail often. this is becoming a huge issue and people around the country are getting leaflets like this one, also in the neighbouring state of nevada. vote safely at home, every voter will be receiving this. the president does not believe the system is a safe and does
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not think the post office is able to cope because he says of the pressures of coronavirus people receiving a lot of packages and he thinks the postal simply cannot cope and he says he might step into stoppered. universal mailing ballot is going to be a great embarrassment to our country. i have the right to do it but we have the right to do it but we have not got there yet. we will be pursuing in nevada and that has been taken care of. —— suing. whatever the president says, the level of fraud involved with postal ballot is absolutely tiny historically and infact absolutely tiny historically and in fact ballots are run by state and the president does not have the right to stop it? that is exactly right and if this as a criticism we hear all the time when the president raises this issue that historically there is simply no ha rd historically there is simply no hard evidence to show that postal ballots in the past have
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resulted in any significant fraud at general elections or indeed at local elections around the country. for the moment, thank you very much. two different tests which can detect coronavirus and flu within 90 minutes are to be rolled out, mostly in hospitals, in england from next week. the labs which have devised the tests say they are more reliable than current swab tests, with almost 100% accuracy. our health editor hugh pym has more. tip your head up. pressing back. katy, a hospital pharmacist, is being tested for covid—i9. she'll only have to wait 90 minutes for the results. itjust needs one nasal swab, and then this machine detects any genetic material from the virus. it can reject the sample if it hasn't been gathered properly. she tested negative. during a trial period, it's helped the hospital manage patients coming in for treatment. previously we were having to wait 2a hours or longer to get our swab results back, and this meant that we were needing
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to use lots of side rooms to isolate patients. and this means that we can actually cohort the right patients in the right places really rapidly. at a high—tech factory near oxford, another rapid testing system for covid—i9 is being produced, initially for use in hospitals, but in due course available for care homes and other health locations. what's more, it will in time be capable of detecting flu viruses as well, an important asset in winter. when you add those two together, it will result in people wanting to test more, and the more we test, the more people get confident, the more people will test. it's a self—fulfilling upward spiral. the government has signed contracts with the two companies, oxford nanopore and dnanudge. more people are going to be able to get tested more quickly, so we can find out where
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the virus is and tackle it and keep those rates of infection down. and the two british innovations, along with others producing fast test results, have been praised by the world health organization. it is really again incredible the amount of tests that are being developed and the fact that we have rapid tests that are being developed. this is a positive thing, and this will help control efforts. some experts, though, have called for more detail on the performance of the different testing systems. it's really important that we get good data to understand are there compromises in accuracy with having a higher speed test. at this stage, these technologies will be focused on hospitals and the testing of patients and stuff. but the big question is, can they, with others, be extended to help with the mass community testing in different settings which is seen as vital if the virus is to be kept in check? some social care organisations have complained of problems getting any virus tests. this care home looks after adults with learning disabilities, and has had no supplies of kits for nine weeks, so there is a little scepticism about the latest announcement.
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i worry that actually is there going to be enough tests to roll this out across the whole of social care, for staff and residents, and i think we have been told so many things that are then u—turned on, that whether this is actually going to materialise into something or not. walk—in and drive—through testing sites have expanded rapidly, but there is a 24—hour wait for results. the new systems are just a start in the move to something quicker and more convenient. hugh pym, bbc news. leading figures from around the world have been paying tribute to the nobel peace prize winner and northern ireland politician, john hume, who has died. he was 83. he was key to ending decades of violence in northern ireland which killed thousands, and tony blair, who was prime minister when the good friday peace agreement was signed, described him as "a visionary who refused to believe the future had to be the same as the past". our ireland correspondent emma va rdy looks back at his remarkable life. a visionary through some
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of northern ireland's darkest days. john hume was an enduring advocate of peace. ..shot them with rubber bullets and gas. the crowd is marching over there. the leaders were going to speak to you. before we even got there, you opened fire. driven by a belief that negotiation and democracy was the alternative to bullets and bombs, he took on the army, the police and the ira paramilitaries who tried to bring about a united ireland by force. there is not a single injustice in northern ireland today that justifies the taking of a single human life. if i were to lead a civil rights campaign in northern ireland today, a major target of that campaign would be the ira. and as a protest against... a career in politics had not been his earliest calling. he trained as a priest and then a teacher. but, galvanised by the injustice of discrimination against catholic communities in the 1960s,
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he became a leading campaigner for housing and employment rights. as a catholic who refused to support the ira, after the troubles broke out, john hume founded the social democratic and labour party. his objective was to achieve a united ireland, but only through consent. the sdlp have failed to do this. sorry... that is a very fundamental point. at great personal risk, in the 1980s, he entered into secret talks with gerry adams, the leader of sinn fein, the political voice of the ira. it provoked anger and criticism, but he refused to change course. i don't give two balls of roasted snow, jim, what advice anybody gives me about those talks, because i will continue with them until they reach what i hope will be a positive conclusion. his stubborn efforts helped bring about the ira ceasefire, and brought sinn fein into the talks that led to the good friday agreement in 1998, ending the conflict.
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today, we can take a collective breath and begin to blow away, let's hope, the cobwebs of the past. he and i had many disagreements and that's a very, very healthy thing to do and to have. but when we were able to talk and to actively promote the primacy of politics of dialogue, of inclusivity and so on, which then led to the hume—adams talks, i have to say, on this sad day, that we wouldn't have the peace that we enjoy today if it wasn't forjohn hume. # give peace a chance #. the peace deal was a turning point for northern ireland and saw john hume hailed as a hero by pop stars and presidents. applause. mr president and mrs clinton, as you can see from the people of derry, you are very, very welcome here today.
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applause. today, former us president bill clinton said john hume always kept marching on against all odds towards a brighter future for northern ireland. after he was awarded the nobel prize, he gradually stepped down from his public roles, but was always greeted with admiration and affection in his hometown of derry. later, his health deteriorated, as he began to suffer from dementia. john hume, genuinely, was a political titan. imean, his contribution to peace in northern ireland was extraordinary. i don't think we would ever really have got the peace process going and... ..implemented if he hadn't been there, offering help and advice. john hume's commitment to ending violence helped make northern ireland a better place forfuture generations. he was the architect of the peace process, and his death a reminder of how far northern ireland has come.
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this ourformer ireland correspondent denis murray reported for the bbc during the troubles and the good friday peace talks. he knewjohn hume and had this to say about the man and his legacy. i looked up todayjust to check the awards he had won and it was amazing to see them all in the one place. among the awards he received were the gandhi international peace prize in the martin luther king prize. john hume is a man of world stature and he stands in the same company as gandhi and martin luther king and nelson mandela. he was the only politician i've ever met who had a vision and a dream and a very deep political intellect. people like him usually work in back rooms or universities. but he was also a gritty politician. i never saw him
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vested in debate, i have to say. i was moderating a debate between him and ian paisley one day, john hume had been challenged by gerry adams for a pan— nationalists front with sinn fein and john hume said you were just the front ran —— front man. i want to meet the ira. ian paisley said if you do that then i cannot go on talking to you and he pointed to ian paisley and said if you do that you will be a hypocrite. so he could slug it out with the best of them. he gotan out with the best of them. he got an awful lot of criticism from both republican and loyalist sides particularly towards the end of the peace process but here's a man who made the peace that we needed. on social media today i was struck by young people in their 20s and 30s who never met him who said thank you, john, for creating the peace that our children now enjoy.
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stay with us on bbc news, still to come: after being banned in india, and possibly the us too — could the chinese app tiktok set up its hq in london instead? the question was whether we want to save our people and japanese as well and win the war, or whether we want to take a chance on being able to win the war by killing all our young men. the invasion began at two o'clock this morning. mr bush, like most other people, was clearly caught by surprise. we call for the immediate and unconditional withdrawal of all the iraqi forces. 100 years old and still full of vigor, vitality and enjoyment of life. no other king or queen in british history has lived so long, and the queen mother is said to be quietly very pleased indeed that she's achieved this landmark anniversary.
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this is a pivotal moment for the church as an international movement. the question now is whether the american vote will lead to a split in the anglican community. this is bbc news, the latest headlines: spain's former king, juan carlos — at the centre of multimillion—dollar corruption allegations — announces he's leaving the country. key figures in the northern ireland peace process have been paying tribute tojohn hume who has died at the age of 83. at least 29 people have been killed and around 300 prisoners have escaped after islamic state fighters attacked a jail in the afghan city ofjalalabad. it began with a car bomb on sunday and lasted 20 hours. the authorities say prisoners, government personnel and ten militants were among the dead.
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michael kugelman is deputy director of the asia programme at the woodrow wilson center in washington. thank you for your time. good to talk to you. rumours of the death of ois in afghanistan a much exaggerated? absolutely. rumours of its demise at greatly exaggerated to quote mark twain. i think it is clear that isis is down and weaker thanit that isis is down and weaker than it used to be but it is not out and it showed today that it can carry out sophisticated attacks to it has the capacity and is able to draw on recruits from many different places, radicalised afg ha ns, different places, radicalised afghans, former members of other organisations such as the tell about and it is able to draw on enablers on the inside. in the case of this attack, who knows, they could have been those on the inside who helped. the bottom line is that the taliban is not the only major militant group to be afraid of
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in afghanistan. the taliban is the most powerful but isis remains capable of doing destructive things. what lessons would you say that the afg ha n lessons would you say that the afghan government and the united states should draw from this? the sad lesson on the big ta keaway this? the sad lesson on the big takeaway is that if the peace process begins with the taliban and if there is a peace deal with the taliban then that would not necessarily bring peace to afghanistan because isis is not party to a peace process and would not be a party to a peace process and that means you could still have groups like isis who refused to engage in these reconciliation processes with the afghan government. i think it shows that there is a long way to go before we can talk conclusively about chances for peace in afghanistan. there is a long way to go and clearly the focus will and should be on the peace process with the taliban but clearly isis remains a threat andi clearly isis remains a threat and i would argue that if there isa and i would argue that if there
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is a successful peace process you could have many hardline factions of the eight who opposed peace breaking off and joining isis which would make isis an even stronger organisation to even leaving ois out of it, as i understand it, the taliban has a kind of peace deal with the americans but no deal with the american —— afghanistan government. there was a deal back at the end of february and the idea was to start a peace process, peace talks between the taliban and the afghan government and that was meant to happen ten deal —— ten days after the deal with the us was signed. but there have been disputes and disagreements between the sides over prisoner exchanges and that continues. even getting the peace process started with the peace process started with the taliban will be difficult but once it starts it will be even harder to get a deal and if you look at similar cases where you have insurgents negotiating with government, usually the negotiations take yea rs, if usually the negotiations take years, if not decades. and i
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know that the us and others wa nt know that the us and others want the process to move quickly but it will be a long and hard slog. thank you very much. the video—sharing app tiktok is the fastest—growing social media platform in the world with hundreds of millions of users. but the chinese—owned company has run into political hot water — it's been banned in india and president trump has threatened to do the same in the us — for fear that its data could be used by the chinese government. the company denies that and now says its looking for a new location for its main office — with london a strong contender, as james clayton reports. these are the kinds of viral dances that have made tiktok a hit. the whole platform is designed to bring out your creative side. you can digitally aid yourself or have fabulous eye make up. there is a green screen option so you can be your own presenter, pointing to different facts and figures on the screen. the other thing you can do on tiktok is sing along with your mates
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by duetting with them, by splitting the screen. and young people in particular have fallen in love with the app. tiktok is secretive about its use of figures but one company estimates that the app has been downloaded more than 2 billion times globally. that includes 600 million in india, 165 million times in the united states and an estimated 30 million times in the uk will stop look beyond laughter and its detractors believe that tiktok has a much darker side, that far from being a sweet and innocent social media platform that it may be being used by the chinese government to spy on people. china dismisses these claims but it has already been banned by india and today donald trump sent an ultimatum to the american arm of the business. i said around september 15, at which point it will be out of business in the united states but if somebody, whether it is microsoft or somebody else buys it, that
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will be interesting. the main fear that parliamentarians and governments around the world haveis governments around the world have is that the company will be forced by the chinese company —— communist party to share data. and that without the consent of the users who are using the app around the world. tiktok says it would never share data with beijing. the actions of donald trump however give london an opportunity. tiktok is looking for a headquarters outside the us and london is the biggest global office, employing 800 people. if it were to move to the uk it would cement london's places are tech heavy but some mps have concerns. i would welcome a deep dive by government into whether the app is secure, whether we should be doing things like india and australia is considering doing 01’ australia is considering doing or whether we should decide in the end it is safe to wear will be concerns as well for tiktok after the british government
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changed tack on huawei's involvement in the u.k.'s 5g network. but the uk could be the future home of the world's fastest—growing social media platform. that is certainly a prize, but a prize not without risk. every new pa rent every new parent wants to share their baby with the world and that can be tricky in these pandemic times. so here is a mexican solution. parents can render mobile van. mexico has reported more than 400,000 coronavirus cases but this way is one of the ways still available to celebrate new life. a reminder of our main story, the former king of spain, one carlos is leaving the country after being linked to an investigation into
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corruption allegations one carlos said he would best serve the spanish people by living abroad. thank you very much for watching. we have mixed fortunes of weather for tuesday, looking like low pressure moving into the northern western parts of the northern western parts of the uk will bring low cloud, wind and also rain. will be wet parts of northern ireland in western scotland through the day but it will be dry the further south and that you are with more sunshine and it will feel warmer. this is the culprit, this area of low pressure moving in off the atla ntic pressure moving in off the atlantic bringing range of northern ireland and then to scotland. there are a few isobars on the chart so will be windy. initially the rain, heavy and you can see the bright colours and there for northern ireland, that pushes across the irish sea into the far north of england, mainly scotland, western scotland that will see the rain piling up by the end of the day. a windy day
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to come as well, 14, maybe 50 mile an hour dust across the north—west. he's further south but the further south you are, chances of seeing the sunshine, but disappointing further north. tuesday night the rain begins to slip southwards a bit into much of northern england and north wales as well. further spots of rain for the north and dry across southern areas. we will start to import areas. we will start to import a milder and more areas. we will start to import a milderand more humid air mass from the south—west temperatures not falling much below 15 degrees for tuesday night. into wednesday, we still have this area of low pressure and the weather front, another breezy day with a lot of cloud, mist and murkiness across northern and western areas, rain pushing across into wales and the western parts of england but again the further south and east you are, although breezy, it will be dry with increasing amounts of sunshine and an important warm
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they are now so 25, six degrees is possible, a little warmer as well further north. towards the end of the week these weather fronts become squeezed out and fade away as this area of high pressure builds in over the near continent and then we start to tap in to some air across spain and france on the southerly wind and that is warmth advancing northwards across the whole country through thursday and into friday. so a warmer day thursday for all and friday with good spells of sunshine, it will turn hot again the south—east but the peak of the heat through friday into the start of the weekend.
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this is bbc news, the headlines: the former king of spain, juan carlos, has left the country, weeks after he was linked to an investigation into alleged corruption. his destination is unknown. this is bbc news, the headlines: the former king of spain, juan carlos, has left the country, weeks after he was linked to an investigation into alleged corruption. his destination is unknown. he made the announcement in an open letter to his son, felipe, who became the monarch, six years ago. president trump has insisted the coronavirus outbreak in the united states is receding, and criticised one of his top medical advisers for saying the disease is now a greater threat than when the outbreak first began. the us has the biggest number of covid infections in the world. key figures in the northern irelan peace process have paid their tributes to john hume, the catholic politician, who has died at the age of 83. he received the nobel prize for his efforts in bringing about the good friday peace agreement in northern ireland.


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