this is bbc news with the latest headlines for viewers in the uk and around the world. calls for students in the uk not to go back to university in case it sparks a second wave of coronavirus. we are we a re really we are really worried that we could see universities becoming the care home of any second wave of covid—19 in the uk. to hundreds of migrants, rescued by ships in the mediterranean, including one paid for by the street artist banksy. tight security in belarus ahead of more expected protests. the government there is accused of cracking down on foreignjournalists.
the m—year—old, who started piano lessons at the end of last year, spent lockdown learning and has just achieved the highest piano grade possible. hello and welcome, if you're watching in the uk, or around the world, do stay with us for the latest news and analysis from here and across the globe. britain's largest higher education union has called for students to stay home for the autumn term — and study online — to help prevent a second wave of coronavirus.
face—to—face learning is an issue universities are grappling with around the world because of covid—19. the universities and college union say the prospect of more than a million students moving from their home towns to campuses across the country is a recipe for disaster. universities insist they've spent months planning for a safe start to the new term. here's our education editor, bra nwen jeffreys. it's been quiet on campuses since march, but within weeks, students are due to return — more than a million across the uk. the university lecturers‘ union says that should be put on hold. they want students to stay home, study online, unless they're doing a practical course, and warn full reopening could prompt a crisis. we are really worried that we could see universities becoming the care home of any second wave of covid—19 in the uk. the sheer amount of people that we're asking to move across the country and then
congregate together in large numbers, when we don't think there is sufficient safety measures in place. so, we're looking at big residential bubbles, we're looking at students potentially mixing outside of those, and, as we say, no real way to trace or to test. the national union of students agrees, but universities say they're making campuses safe. more cleaning, partitions, face coverings, most offering a mix of online and face—to—face learning, clear rules in student accommodation. universities say they expect students to be responsible. every student signs a contract with that university and, this year, those contracts have been amended to include particular rules around social distancing and following the guidance that's in place at that time. the vast majority of our students are very responsible young adults. any small minority that don't obey the requirements of that contract,
we have adjusted our disciplinary procedures and we will deal with them under those procedures. the government says it's right for universities to reopen. it's going to update its advice in england. many students can't wait to start, but student life this year won't be quite the same. branwen jeffreys, bbc news. in a moment, we'll get the view from oslo where university classes have already started, but first, our political correspondent tony bonsignore is here. we have had a letter in the uk from the education secretary, not about universities, but about schools, telling parents, urging them, to get kids back to school. nervousness not just among parents but among those in government as well. a few days away from millions going back to school. an open letter from the
education secretary gavin williamson to parents. he says, i know some of you are worried, don't be worried. in fact, the bigger danger, he says, to the long—term health of people is as if they don't go back to school. the message goes deeper. gavin williamson is, he says, listen to the experts. he says the risk to stu d e nts the experts. he says the risk to students is very, very small. even then, look at the measured schools have taken, for example, keeping primary school pupils in groups, more cleaning, better hygiene, more protective equipment when there are outbreaks, more testing, better travel, more money for travel for those who have to travel to school and public transport. he says that should reassure parents. but you feel the nervousness from government as well. they now after recent weeks that they need to get this right. education is one of the fields where
the government have been accused of making too many u—turns and some tory mps are getting fed up with the u—turns. tory mps are getting fed up with the u-turns. some, privately. today a senior backbencher publicly. charles walker. deputy chair of the 1922 committee. very influential group of backbench tory mps. talking to the observer, he says, a bit of a feeling at the moment government policy is about licking your finger, sticking it in the air, saying which way the wind is blowing. he says it erodes morale and makes it difficult for the government's own backbenchers to support what they are doing. a bit of a warning shot from charles walker to the government, saying, we need more consistency, steady the ship after a very difficult few weeks. talking of steadying the ship, a question of how the government will pay for the tens of billions of pounds it has spent on the coronavirus, something that governments around the world
have had to face. huge expenditure. but in britain, speculation now it will mean some very chunky tax rises. the budget in the uk more than two months away still, but the traditional process of flying a kite, potential tax rises, traditional process of flying a kite, potentialtax rises, potential measures, it has already started. today the sunday times and sunday telegraph, they are by saying the government, the treasury, looking at potentially big tax hikes, particularly on the better off, things like corporation tax, tax on companies, capital gains tax, maybe reducing some pension tax relief. far too early for any decisions to have been made, more than two months to go until the budget. but this sort of speculation will not hurt the government. it allows them to sort of float the ideas and see how
they go down with voters and tory mps as well. but at the same time, it prepares all of us for what might be pretty difficult times ahead. tony, good to talk to you. our political correspondent. more about universities. curt rice is the rector at oslomet university — one of the first universities in europe to have gone back earlier this month — we can talk to him now from oslo. thank you for being with us. in the uk one of the teaching unions are saying students should not be going back to university because that will spark a second wave of coronavirus. tell us about your experience. we have been in session for about three weeks. the first week was the orientation week. that is often a situation where there are social settings that students might be a little too close, drink too much,
but we did lots of training both with our new students and with the leaders of the orientation groups and we had no cases emerge. for a couple of weeks, we have been back in the classroom, doing all sorts of things to respect the government's guidelines about how we should set things up. so far, so good. universities here in the uk, the messages, go ahead, make your safety preparations, but go ahead and open properly? what we have done here is prioritise first—year students. we have about 20,000 students altogether and 8001st—year students. those are the first one is coming onto campus, they have been on campus for a bit —— 800 first—year students. we will discuss opacity to 50%. we use face mask where we cannot maintaina 50%. we use face mask where we cannot maintain a distance of one metre —— we will reduce capacity to
50%. following the basic rules of hand hygiene and distance, so far, that has made it possible to meet in the classroom with reduced capacity ina way the classroom with reduced capacity in a way that protects our students and faculty and makes it possible for us to have on—campus experiences and not just for us to have on—campus experiences and notjust online. that is the point. the union here saying stu d e nts point. the union here saying students should not go back to university, it is sane, students can sit at home and learn online. —— it is saying. it is not the same university experience. it really isn't. one of the most important thing is for students to get through their studies is to make friends in their studies is to make friends in the cohort, so they have others to study with, to work with, and of course it spills over into their social lives. but sitting alone following on a screen is a fundamentally different experience
and students report much lower level of satisfaction. our goal is to get back on campus. we have the first—year students on campus now. we will be gradually letting more and more come onto campus, trying to find ways to do that to protect them and make it possible for them to have a genuine university experience. great to talk to you, director of oslo met university. thank you. the un refugee agency says hundreds of migrants who've been rescued in the mediterranean must be granted a place of safety. they're still at sea having been rescued by three boats, including one which has been paid for by the street artist banksy. simonjones reports. brought to shore and to safety. 49 migrants who had initially been rescued by a ship belonging to banksy, the louise michel. they were taken to lampedusa by the italian coast guard. these are the lucky ones. the fate of hundreds more people
still on the water remains unclear. the louise michel had picked up more than 200 people at sea. it became dangerously overcrowded and stranded off the coast of malta. some of the migrants had to stay on life rafts, floating alongside the boat. the crew said nobody in the international community was willing to help. everyone that has been rescued is deeply traumatised. we'll keep trying to contact the european authorities to be assigned a port of safety. one ship did come to help — another rescue vessel, the sea—watch 4. it was already carrying around 200 migrants. it has now taken on board those from the louise michel. they are being given medical assessments, with treatment for dehydration, hypothermia and fuel burns. the sea—watch crew tweeted, we now have around 350 people on board who need to disembark in a safe port as soon as possible. the louise michel added, it is not over, we demand a place of safety for all survivors now. the louise michel had only
recently gone into service as a rescue ship, complete with its own banksy artwork. the artist has accused the eu authorities of ignoring distress calls from non—europeans. the un refugee agency says a solution must be found and saving lives is a humanitarian imperative. simon jones, bbc news. mattea weihe is the spokesperson for sea—watch. shejoins me from berlin. what do you think should be done to undertake these people undertaking perilously dangerous journeys? good morning. the disaster what is currently happening in the central mediterranean. it is basically european authorities do not react at all and it is up to rescue organisations. in my opinion, and the opinion of the organisation, it is needed the eu authorities react
to what is happening and doing their duty to actually assist and rescue people and bring them to a safe european port immediately. what is your organisation, sea—watch, doing? explain how you help? we are doing search and rescue operations in the central mediterranean and we have been founded because there is a lack of governmental search and rescue activities in the mediterranean sea. we are filling this gap and we are doing theirjob. he will have heard the argument that some people put that the more you do to help these people, whether rescuing them, on bigger boats, allowing them to disembark into european countries, the more you are retracting them to make these journeys, dangerous journeys, in the first place. —— you will. it then becomes a pull factor. we have found that a lot. there has been a lot of different academic research on it. a lot of prove this
is not true and i can tell you from oui’ is not true and i can tell you from our experts also, we have been locked in port a lot of times along with different search and rescue ships, especially a couple of months ago, 2019, 2018, and we witness the numbers of people fleeing over the mediterranean did not become lower at all, even though no rescue ship was available. there is no proof for that. who are these people. give us some examples of where they are coming from and why. it is basically different people from everywhere, people from north africa, west african states, sub—sa ha ran people from north africa, west african states, sub—saharan african states, even from sometimes bangladesh, pakistan, sometimes syria. it is really mixed. mattea weihe, spokesperson for sea—watch, thank you forjoining us. there's tight security in the capital of belarus ahead of another planned mass protest calling for president lukashenko to step down, three weeks after
the disputed presidential election. the authorities have revoked the accreditations of 17 journalists, mostly working for western media, including two reporters from the bbc‘s russian—language service. steve rosenberg has more from minsk. in belarus, sunday has become the key day for protests against alexander lukashenko. one week ago, more than 100,000 people gathered here in the centre of minsk to demand his resignation and we are expecting another big anti—government rally here today. it will be interesting to see whether it is allowed to go ahead or if the police will try to stop it. yesterday the authorities here launched a crackdown on independent voices. 17 journalists had press accreditations revoked. most of them were belarussian, belarussian citizens working for foreign media. clearly an attempt to interfere in coverage of events to make it harder for international news organisations to report
on what is happening in belarus. it is three weeks since the presidential election which alexander lukashenko claims to have won by a landslide but which is widely believed to have been rigged in his favour. that vote was followed by a brutal police crackdown on the streets against his opponents, which sparked shock across the country and anger with the man who has been running this country for 26 years. steve rosenberg reporting from minsk. one of the western reporters who has not had his accreditation taken of him. in the western us city of portland, a white man is reported to have died after a shooting on saturday night — it followed skirmishes between pro—trump and black lives matter protesters. it isn't clear if the shooting arose from the clashes in the city centre. local media said the dead man was wearing a hat bearing the insignia of a right—wing group. there have been nightly protests in portland since may, sometimes violent,
following the death of george floyd, in minneapolis, when a police officer knelt on his neck. president trump will visit kenosha in wisconsin on tuesday, the city which has been at the centre of protests since a black man was shot in the back by a police officer last weekend. the white house said mr trump would meet police and see for himself damage from recent riots. the shooting left jacob blake paralysed from the waist down. the united states has accused russian fighterjets of making what they describe as an unsafe and unprofessional intercept as the us airforce was flying over the black sea on friday. the us military has released footage which it says shows russian jets crossing multiple times, within100ft — that's about 30m — of the nose of a us b—52 bomber.
the us says it was conducting routine operations over international waters when the incident ooccured. for the tenth consecutive week, there have been demonstrations across israel demanding the resignation of prime minister benjamin netanyahu. the biggest protest was outside his official residence injerusalem. protesters want him to stand down because of his indictment on corruption charges, which he denies. they are also angry about the governent‘s handling of the coronavirus pandemic. japan's chief cabinet secretary, yoshihide suga, has announced he intends to run in the ruling party leadership race to succeed prime minister shinzo abe. mr abe, who's japan's longest—serving premier, said on friday he was stepping down because a chronic illness had got worse, setting the stage for a leadership election within his liberal democratic party. new research shows that care homes in england had the largest increase in excess deaths at the height of the pandemic,
compared to the rest of the uk. the study, which was led by the university of stirling, also shows that care home residents have accounted for 40% of all coronavirus deaths in the uk. professor david bell led the research, he says more information needs to be collected to avoid the impact of a potential second wave on the care sector. there are, for example, many more care homes than there are hospitals and there is a lot that goes on around care at home that we don't really know about. but i think the past few months have been a wake—up call, that some more effort has to be put into this area, because without the data and evidence, we cannot know whether the policies we are putting in place are working. well, since classrooms here in the uk first closed in march, thousands of children have been home—schooled by their parents. whilst some parents have found its not for them, others have liked home—schooling
so much that they are going to continue when schools reopen in the coming days. in many other countries around the world, home—schooling is more common. we can speak now to mum—of—three gemma duxbury who will be continuing to home school her three boys. gemma joins me now via webcam from rossendale in lancashire. and i am alsojoined by clinical child psychologist — dr elizabeth kilbey — whojoins me from south east london. tell us about your experience, gemma, and why you like it. my experience has been absolutely fantastic. for a family, experience has been absolutely fantastic. fora family, i experience has been absolutely fantastic. for a family, i have found we have engaged more in everyday life, so home—schooling has come into everything, cooking, cleaning, it has just changed all of
us cleaning, it has just changed all of us completely. so, you would recommend it to other parents? some pa rents, recommend it to other parents? some parents, new school term starting, a little bit anxious about sending kids back to school. yeah, i would definitely recommend it. for me, it has definitely worked and it has put ease of mind of if there would be another lockdown, how would i be able to work with the children in and out of school? we have com pletely and out of school? we have completely changed our lives and our business to make sure that everybody has a more stable future. let's go to dr elizabeth kilbey, clinical child psychologist. what do you see as the advantages and may be also disadvantages of home—schooling?” am really encouraged to hear the story because home school offers the opportunity for families to spend time together and connect and that is what gemma was saying but it is
not for everyone. it requires a huge amount of not for everyone. it requires a huge amount of resource not for everyone. it requires a huge amount of resource and equipment and flexibility of life for parents to be able to fit it in. i can see it really works for some families but not for everyone. in some ways, does it deny children the opportunity to make friends, lots of school friends, which is what most people do at school? they sometimes make friends for life. we are talking about profoundly different environments, learning at home in a much smaller almost one—to—one situation against being in a large school environment. really difficult to draw parallels because they offer different things. but you are right, in terms of the social and emotional development, you can see school affords advantages in terms of connections, different people, different ages, stages of development. yes, you are right, school offers something different. what do you think about that, do you worry your kids are missing out on the friendship groups they would get at school? that was one of my
initial worries before we actually deregistered. however, my children have quite active lifestyles, so they go to mixed martial arts, swimming clubs, i have quite a lot of friends with children of different ages and i meet up with other home—schooling parents. so i think on the social side, my kids have a more wider social experience than children in school. 0k. tell us, gemma, what is the routine of your home—schooling, how does it work? we still have a routine kind of like school where we get up between 6:30am and 7am, the children engage with breakfast and making brea kfast engage with breakfast and making breakfast and we go into what is healthy, not healthy, and we have a tutor that comes in monday morning and he helps us set a week macro worth of to keep them on the
national curriculum —— a week's worth of work. we do quite a lot of science experiments. i do not set hours ina science experiments. i do not set hours in a day, ijust say, this is what we have to get through today, it can be six o'clock at night before we get around to finishing. i just let the boys go at their own pace. i'm just just let the boys go at their own pace. i'mjust wondering... over your shoulder, the cat takes part in home—schooling as well? one last quick question to you, elizabeth. how important is it to have quite a rigid sort of disciplined structure in terms of home—schooling?” rigid sort of disciplined structure in terms of home-schooling? i think it is really important to understand home—schooling offers a different kind of education. some children will appreciate more structure, more similarto will appreciate more structure, more similar to conventional school, other children and families will be able to work at a different pace and do it ina able to work at a different pace and do it in a way that works for them. the bonus of home—schooling is the flexibility it affords that you cannot really replicate in a
mainstream school, i suppose. great to talk to you, really informative, interesting discussion. dr elizabeth kilbey, child clinical psychologist, and gemma, mother of three, enjoyed home—schooling so much as well with her black cat she will keep going. thank you. you are watching bbc news. talking of home—schooling... what's the best thing you achieved during lockdown? home—schooling, maybe? dusting off your running shoes perhaps? there can't be many who've mastered a musical instrument. 14—year—old hamish from jersey turned to music when his mother died in 2018. he started piano lessons at the end of last year, but then coronavirus came along. he spent lockdown learning online and has just achieved the highest piano grade possible. he did it, in part, with a piece of music he composed in memory of his mother.
it was 2018 when i lost my mum. that was at sort of the same time i was discovering music and just really flourishing in that, so i think i put a lot of emotion and my feelings into that. it was not as sad, almost, because i had something to focus on, a drive which i could almost think, every day, after i came home from school, right, this is what i am going to do and i'm going to do it really good. she was really, really great, really great cook and really great music taste as well, like eva cassidy and all that. i've got a lot of different styles of music and inspirations
from my dad and my mum, and i'm reallyjust trying to soak in as much different genres as possible. i think, once you get something so ingrained in your muscle memory, no matter what it is, if it is music production or piano, once everything is there and you can just go for it. playing by ear, as well, i find that a bit easier than playing by music. playing just with feeling, almost. music is just an instinct to me, rather than the reading or the theory. it is more just a feeling that it
invokes in people, like, when someone plays tennis or when someone rides a bike, i think we all have that thing and we've just got to find it almost. some lovely piano music for your sunday morning. it's time for a look at the weather with phil avery. the rest of the day fairly decent in many areas. the chance the onshore breeze will generate some showers as the cloud will send off the north sea. when noticeable on the eastern shores. further west, light sea. when noticeable on the eastern shores. furtherwest, light breezes for the most part. —— the wind noticeable. drifting along on the northerly wind, showers. at its strongest in east anglia towards the english channel. temperatures, given it is northerly, not surprising.
overnight, some cloud begins to dissipate, having formed in the afternoon. it should stay dry for money. maybe not just afternoon. it should stay dry for money. maybe notjust as cold as last night —— for many. monday a very decent day indeed. if you have a plan for the outdoors, i don't think the weather will get in the way. take care. goodbye.