this is bbc news with the latest headlines for viewers in the uk and around the world. a teacher who showed pupils cartoons of the prophet muhammad is decapitated north of paris — france's president condemns the cowardly attack. translation: our fellow citizen was attacked in a cowardly way. he was the victim of an islamist terrorist attack. britain's prime minister boris johnson says the uk must prepare to leave the european union at the end of the year — without a deal as europe stands firm. we need to continue the negotiations andl we need to continue the negotiations and i hope that it will be possible to make progress in the future, but i repeat, we are determined to reach a deal, but not yet.
as the united states passes eight million covid—i9 infections, new restrictions are implimented in areas around the uk and across europe. in thailand, thousands of protesters in bangkok defy a ban on gatherings and clash with police armed with batons and water cannon. a teacher who showed his pupils cartoons of the prophet muhammad has been decapitated outside his school in france. he was attacked by a man at around five o'clock this afternoon in a suberb north of paris. the french president, emanuel macron visited the scene tonight and called it an islamist terrorist attack. translation: our fellow citizen was attacked in a cowardly way. he was the victim of an islamic terrorist attack. tonight, i want to say to all the teachers of france that we are with them,
that the entire nation will be by their side today and tomorrow, to protect and defend them, to allow them to do theirjobs, to raise free citizens. well our correspondent lucy williamson is on the scene — and sent us this update. the horror of this attack is really at odds with this quiet, sleepy, small suburb. the victim was a teacher at the local middle school behind me. he was attacked this afternoon by a man with a large knife who decapitated him and then posted an image on social media, before being confronted and shot dead by police. police sources have confirmed to us tonight that they believe the attacker may have been an 18—year—old man and that the motive may have been a lesson given by the victim to pupils at his school here — reportedly a lesson on freedom of speech, and he showed them cartoons of the prophet muhammad, the same cartoons we think that were reprinted by the satirical
magazine, charlie hebdo. now, the police said they are searching the house of the presumed attacker, the suspect that they shot dead earlier today. president macron has been here at this site this evening, calling it an act of islamist terrorism. "somebody wanted to destroy the republic," he said, "they won't succeed, we will stick together." but, yet again, tonight, there was a part of france that was suddenly the focus of his presidential solidarity, this national outrage and this local greed. lucy williamson, bbc news, france. just to say, we do have much more on oui’ just to say, we do have much more on our website, and we are monitoring the situation in france. the british government has said that brexit trade talks are over and "there is no point" negotiations continuing unless there's a fundamental shift in the eu's position. the prime minister borisjohnson says the uk should get ready for leaving without a deal onjanuary first after an eu summit
in brussels insisted it is the british who should be making concessions, here's our europe editor katya adler eu leaders had lots on their mind at this summit — the covid crisis first and foremost. but eyes and ears here were also very focused today on downing street. how would borisjohnson react to their demand that the uk must give way first if a trade deal is to be agreed? the answer — not positively. it is clear from the summit that, after 45 years of membership, they are not willing, unless there is some fundamental change of approach, to offer this country the same terms as canada. and so, with high hearts and with complete confidence, we will prepare to embrace the alternative and we will prosper mightily. downing street's clear message — trade talks are over unless the eu changes its tune.
no chance, retorted france's emmanuel macron. translation: we are always aware that it is the united kingdom that wanted to leave the european union, that is leaving the european union and that needs an agreement even more than we do. after months and months of eu and uk negotiators shuttling backwards and forwards between london and brussels, both sides are fed up. the key sticking points still in talks — the rights of eu fishermen to fish in uk waters after brexit, competition regulations — known as the level playing field — and how disputes should be resolved if a trade deal is agreed. angela merkel said today the eu's chief negotiator would head to london on monday to launch intense last—ditch talks but this evening, the government said no, as things stand, there was no point.
this flexing muscles and ultimatum giving by the uk and the eu is hardly surprising at this stage but is it the end of the road or political posturing before difficult compromises are reached? concessions are going to be needed by the government and the eu if a deal is to be found and for those who really believe in this deal, tonight feels like a case of so near and yet so far. katya adler, bbc news, brussels. the number of coronavirus infections in europe continues to soar, with daily infection rate records broken in germany, switzerland, croatia and the netherlands. and as european countries battle the resurgence, millions of people on the continent are now under new measures. it comes as the total number of cases in the united states has moved past eight million.. meanwhile, the uk prime minister has told the mayor of greater manchester that he is prepared to intervene and impose the highest level of coronavirus restrictions — tier 3 — on the region if no agreement can be reached between local leaders and the government.the bbc‘s deputy
political editor vicky young reports. it has taken days of negotiations, finally local leaders in lancashire and ministers in london have come up with a deal. more restrictions are coming across the county alongside millions of pounds in financial support. but some shoppers here in nelson want a different approach. i think they should have done it earlier, to be quite honest. but my mum's 87, you can't tell my mother to stop in because she won't! i think it's good, i think it needs to be tougher. i think the way the government has been coming across, they haven't been clear on the rules anyway. there is no transparency. total and utter confusion. borisjohnson has opted for a regional approach because many places have fewer covid cases than hot spots in the north of england but it has meant more talking, more wrangling over money, and more delay. no one wants to have to implement these measures which damage local businesses, but these decisions were necessary because of the rate of increase not
just of infections but also in hospitalisations and admissions to intensive care. but not every area has signed up. greater manchester's leader said tonight that closing pubs wasn't the only way to protect hospitals. they want other things, like shielding, to be considered, and tougher penalties for venues that flout covid regulations. they are demanding extra money for businesses that do have to close. don't you now have to make a quick decision about whether you impose those extra restrictions on places including greater manchester or give greater manchester, or give them more money to persuade them? which will it be and when? it is far better to do it together because we want the maximum local buy—in, the maximum local enforcement, and the maximum local compliance and that means local leadership. i hope that greater manchester will come on board. the national government must reserve the right to step
in and do what is necessary. for many cities, including nottingham, the uncertainty continues. cases and hospitalisations are rising quickly and additional measures could be on the way. one former prime minister says the government has to be more generous. at the very time that we are increasing the requirements on people not to do things, and denying people the chance ofjobs, we are reducing the economic support. now, if i was borisjohnson, again, you have got to be one step ahead, what he should be doing is calling the chancellor this morning, telling him that his economic recovery package is not going to work, get him to bring a new economic recovery package and i think you can build consent around that. borisjohnson says the situation is worsening with every passing day. there is real tension between westminster and some local leaders but decisions need to be taken very soon. vicki young, bbc news, westminster. well the uk the prime minister has said until a vaccine has been found
"mass testing" for coronavirus will be the solution to reopening the economy and society. borisjohnson says several kinds of rapid tests are being looked at — some that can provide results injust 15 minutes. it comes as a new survey shows that the number of infections in england rose by more than 60% last week. the bbc‘s health editor hugh pym reports. getting test results can take time. boris johnson said new technology would allow faster turna rounds and more frequent testing, starting with nhs and care staff. right now, the virus is spreading. the office for national statistics does random testing, including those without symptoms who aren't reported in the daily case figures. the latest ons survey covered community infections in the week to october the 8th, though not including scotland. it showed in england there were nearly 28,000 new cases each day, up more than 60% on the previous week. that's about one in 160 of the population with the virus.
in wales, infections also went up with about one in 390 with the virus. the proportion in northern ireland was one in 250. the situation is deteriorating and we need to brace for it. we also need to be aware that even any actions that we take today is going to need two or three weeks before having an effect. it might actually be a good effect only in four to six weeks. we're under a lot of pressure every day now... as more people pick up the virus a certain proportion will need hospital treatment and this video put out today by liverpool city council aims to warn the local population of the consequences. but doctors say outcomes are better. health service journal estimates that the death rate for hospital covid patients fell by 50% between april and september. an intensive care specialist told me
what had changed with the care of very sick patients. we became better at recognising the disease early, therefore implementing treatment early. it's always better to prevent deterioration rather than to treat things after the event. and, of course, we saw development in terms of potential drugs that may have a benefit for patients. more patients are pulling through, but it takes time for them to recover. some have ongoing symptoms after leaving hospital, and as more beds are occupied, there's a chance others will miss out unless urgent treatment and operations. hugh pym, bbc news. stay with us on bbc news, still to come: we'll be live in auckland where voters are heading to polling stations in an election dubbed the covid vote. we'll explain why. stay with us.
parts of san francisco least affected by the earthquake are returning to life, but in the marina area — where most of the damage was done — they are more conscious than ever of how much has been destroyed. in the 19 years since he was last here, he has gone from being a little known revolutionary to an experienced and successful diplomatic operator. it was a 20—pound bomb which exploded on the fifth floor of the grand hotel, ripping a hole in the front of the building. this government will not weaken, democracy will prevail! it fills me with humility and gratitude to know that i have been chosen as the recipient of this foremost honour. this catholic nation held its breath for the men they called the 33. and then... bells toll. ..bells tolled nationwide to announce the first rescue and chile let out an almighty roar.
this is bbc news, the latest headlines... a teacher who showed pupils cartoons of the prophet muhammad is decapitated north of paris — france's president condemns the cowardly attack. britain's prime minister boris johnson says the uk must prepare to leave the european union at the end of the year — without a deal — as europe stands firm. polling stations have opened in new zealand, where voters are casting ballots in a general election and for two referendums. the labour prime minister, jacinda ardern, is hoping to win a second term in office. ms ardern has dubbed the vote "the covid election". new zealanders are also voting to decide whether or not to decriminalise the recreational use of cannabis, and if euthanasia should be allowed. let's get more on a campaign that's been unsurprisingly dominated
by the coronavirus pandemic with lara greaves, a politics lecturer at the university of auckland. she at the university of auckland. joins us live now. po started, shejoins us live now. polling has started, so as you know, we have to bea started, so as you know, we have to be a little bit careful when it comes to what we discussed. but this is being dubbed as the covid election, the covid votes, coronavirus dominating the. yes, it really has been the covid election. a lot of this is really a referendum onjust into ardor a lot of this is really a referendum on just into ardor and a lot of this is really a referendum onjust into ardor and come in the liber‘s government leadership through the crisis. new zealand has a full elimination strategy, and it has really come down to the people endorsing that strategy, and how people kind of feel about labour leading us forward and people's trust in a labour government going forward. when it comes to the main, there must be some other issues as well, not just covid, there must be some other issues as well, notjust covid, what else is worrying the voters there?
well, notjust covid, what else is worrying the voters there ?|j well, notjust covid, what else is worrying the voters there? i think generally, it has been around covid and the recovery from covid, whether that be economic recovery and health, because of course, there is lots of components to covid and the quarantine related and border sort of policy there, there has also been the regular stuff that came up in 2017 as well around housing and any quality, and one of the things that jacinda ardern has sort of staked a lot of her prime ministerial ship on has been sort of band that she's also the child poverty reduction minister, so she's passionate about child poverty and inequality as well. so although those issues have really played out and been related a lot to covert as well, so of course, inequality and poverty have gotten worse, because of covid, so generally, any issue that we have is still under the covid umbrella and it's at the centre of our election. and you have got the two referendums as well. just talk us through what that is. you have got the criminalization of the recreational use of cannabis and also youth ——
euthanasia. so two huge topics there. yes, under a normal campaign, having a referendum alongside the election would be quite controversial, but it's been quite difficult for people to try to get their heads around these two sort of huge issues, the social issues that people do have very polarised opinions on. i think at the moment, so we are voting on recreational cannabis, and it's looking like we potentially won't legalize that and euthanasia, which has been sort of quite high public support, so we are really having to wait two weeks before we get the results of those, so we are not giving them until the 30th of october, the per luminary results, so we've got the election, and we have two votes, so we have four votes when we go to the polls, which is quite rare for us. wow, thatis which is quite rare for us. wow, that is really exciting stuff. thank you so much for talking as threats, and i'm sure we will come back to as and i'm sure we will come back to as and when results come in. thanks so much for your time stop. much for your time thank and when results come in. thanks so much for your time thank you. the nigerian government has ordered thatjudicial panels of inquiry be
set up to investigate allegations of abuse carried out by a notorious police unit, popularly known as sars. the special anti—robbery squad has been accused of committing extrajudicial killings and torture. the unit was dissolved by the government last sunday but protests have continued. the bbc‘s mayeni jones sent this report from lagos gunshots. cracking down on dissent. this social media footage filmed in lagos on monday reportedly shows live ammunition was used to disperse protesters against police brutality. this bystander had stepped out of his car when he was hit by a stray bullet. social media outage analysed by the bbc shows he was more ——social media footage analysed by the bbc shows he was more than 250 metres away from the protest centers. the police said he was killed by demonstrators
but eyewitnesses disagree. his wife is still in shock. i can't even believe that my husband died like that. i never thought my husband would just disappear like this from me. he leave me for money. just needed money to go to work. i said bye—bye, god be with you, god protect you and guide you. four days after he was killed the government of lagos announced the rest of four officers involved in the shooting. young nigerians say the violent crackdown on police brutality protests including live round shows nothing has changed. we were here earlier and thought we might end up in the protest it had to be the case. ——it rained here earlier and thought we might end up in the protest
it had to be the case. hundreds of people have showed up. there is a carnival atmosphere but their aims are very serious. they are here to fight police brutality and they refused to back down. activists have used social media to organise street demonstrations raising funds. we are just here to encourage the protesters, make sure that you don't go hungry, you don't go tired, you don't get wet. you have everything that you need and itsjust been amazing the support we've been seeing. we banded together together on a one unified. ——we banded together together on a one unified factor of anybody can be killed. and now we are just sustaining as a unified youth to just ask for a better nigeria. the authorities have been slow to deliver. the central government is here to address some key demands. activists want compensation for the families of the victims and betterfunding for the police. but it won't be easily appeased. teniola tayo is a policy analyst specialising in nigeria — i asked her why this movement feels
different to ones in the past. first of all, i think that is the first time that the current generation of young nigerians, so the nigerian gen z, if you like, have spoken to them in the democratic process. so many are coming to the age where they can actually vote, and they are participating actively in demanding change. so i think it's really important, and i think that the outcome of these protests are going to be very significant as well, because i think it's going to determine to what extent the community participates in this process. if they feel defeated after this, then i think that the apathy may even increase. and you talk about the protesters being quite young, relatively young, when it comes to building the momentum from a social media has been very significant. yes, exactly. so, social media, there is this concept called imaginary where you see something, but then because you have the internet, you can, a lot of people can connect to the same thing. so, for example, what drew me into the protest was the video
of the woman who was shot in the mouth. you know, she had a gaping hole in her cheek. so i think that nigerians all over the world, young nigerians all over the world wherever they are, see these images, they see the reports of people getting killed, people adding exploited, and they all rally around this movement. so, it's been really important. also, i think that it's been a tool for organising. so we know about some of the women that have been at the forefront of leading this protest, of mobilising resources. i think the last time i checked, it was about $170,000 that has been raised, and even some bitcoin. you know, when the donation link went up, a bitcoin link was set up, and then also providing resources to the protest. so now you have protesters provided with food, with drink. even with security, the security detail, because there are some hoodlums attacking the protesters, so i think that social media has been important for organising and also for amplifying the voices. there were some rumours that the nigerian government may shut down the internet. they are not true, i don't
think they're true. but then we are saying that even if the internet is shut down in nigeria, the disapora is going to follow it. you know, we are going to continue calling out for change in the police force, so the internet has been, and social media, has been extremely important in sustaining and even in continuing this process. police in the united states have arrested mexico's former defence minister on a warrant issued by the us drug enforcement administration. the mexican foreign ministry confirmed that z