tv BBC News BBC News October 17, 2020 4:00am-4:31am BST
this is bbc news. welcome, if you're watching here in the uk, on pbs in america or around the globe. i'm james reynolds. our top stories: a teacher who showed pupils cartoons of the prophet mohammad is decapitated north of paris. france's president condemns it as a "cowardly" attack. translation: our fellow citizen was attacked in a cowardly way. he was the victim of an islamic terrorist attack. armenian missiles hit azerbaijan's second biggest city for the second time in a week, as fighting over the disputed region of nagorno—karabakh intensifies. a no—deal brexit may be on the cards, as the uk calls off further trade talks with the european union. and disney reissues warnings for viewers on some of its most
famous films, admitting they contain racism and stereotyping. hello and welcome to bbc news. president macron of france has paid tribute to a teacher beheaded by a knifeman in a suburb of paris, saying he was killed for advocating freedom of expression. the teacher is said to have shown his class caricatures of the prophet muhammad. police shot dead the killer, reported to have been 18 years old and born in russia. four people have been held in connection with the incident. gareth barlow reports. terror on the streets of france. a knife attack, a school teacher dead, decapitated. reports say the attacker ran from the scene, posted an image on social media, was apprehended by police and shot after threatening officers. he died shortly after.
the incident happened in conflans—sainte—honorine, 25 kilometres from the capital. translation: they will not get past us. our policemen, our gendarmes, all our internal security forces, our intelligence forces, but beyond that all those who hold the republic together. and at their side, magistrates, elected officials, teachers, all of us, we will stand together. the teacher is said to have shown pupils a cartoon of the prophet muhammad during a discussion about a wider debate in french society. many muslims consider any depiction of the prophet sacrilegious. and as such the teacher allowed any muslim peoples to leave the classroom. last month two people were stabbed outside the former offices of a french magazine, charlie hebdo, which first published the cartoons in 2015, triggering a terrorist attack which left 12 people dead. a trial connected to the case is expected to conclude next month. back on the streets of conflans—sainte—honorine, parents spoke of their horror.
translation: we saw the police and i had a friend who called me when he saw the body at the top of the street, lying on the ground with the head next to it. he called me and we got together. my son was outside and we were panic stricken. we were very, very scared. an investigation is under way, with a motive and a background of the attacker, thought to be an 18—year—old chechen man, being closely scrutinised. the french parliament has denounced the killing as an "atrocious terror attack". gareth barlow, bbc news. more on our top story now. our correspondent lucy williamson is at the scene in northern paris and sent us this update. the horror of this attack is really at odds with this quiet, sleepy, small suburb. the victim was a teacher at the local middle
school behind me. he was attacked this afternoon by a man with a large knife who decapitated him and then posted an image on social media, before being confronted and shot dead by police. now, police sources have confirmed to us tonight that they believe the attacker may have been an 18—year—old chechen man and that the motive may have been a lesson given by the victim to pupils at his school here — it was reportedly a lesson on freedom of speech, and he showed them cartoons of the prophet muhammad, the same cartoons we think that were reprinted by the satirical magazine, charlie hebdo. now, the police said they are searching the house of the presumed attacker, the suspect that they shot dead earlier today. and president macron has been here at this site this evening, calling it an act of islamist terrorism. "somebody wanted to destroy the republic," he said; "they won't succeed, we'll stick together."
but, yet again, tonight, there is a part of france that was suddenly the focus of this presidential solidarity, this national outrage and this local grief. lucy williamson, bbc news, france. armenian missiles have again struck azerbaijan's second city, ganja, as fighting continues over the disputed enclave of nagorno—kara bakh. two residential buildings have collapsed, and dozens of people are feared to be dead. in the past few days, both azerbaijan and armenia have accused each other of violating the terms of a ceasefire in the enclave. it's internationally recognised as part of azerbaijan, but is populated and governed by ethnic armenians. konul khalilova from the bbc‘s azeri service has been monitoring the latest developments in ganja. attack on civilians in the second largest city of azerbaijan, ganja, happened around iam local time today. at least two residential buildings collapsed and at least six people have died, 35 injured. i have been watching live tv and i saw a lot of bodies,
taken under the rubble by the rescuers. there were children as well, and some people had been wrapped in blankets, obviously they were sleeping at the time when the attack happened. there was a previous strike on ganja about a week ago, tell us about that? a week ago there was another attack on ganja, and that happened just one day after the ceasefire agreement was signed between armenia and azerbaijan. and again, that also happened after midnight, when people were sleeping. and several people died, and there were many injured as well. is this, then, a sign
that the conflict is spilling out of that disputed area of nagorno—karabakh into other areas in a sustained way? it has already spilt, because we have seen attacks on other cities of azerbaijan, it is not only ganja, it is mingecevir, it is barda, naftalan, and other cities where people were killed and injured, and buildings have been damaged and collapsed. well, the british government has said that brexit trade talks are over and "there is no point" negotiations continuing unless there's a fundamental shift in the eu's position. the prime minister, borisjohnson, said that the uk should get ready for leaving without a deal on january ist after an eu summit in brussels insisted it is the british who should be making concessions. here's our europe editor, katya adler. eu leaders had lots on their mind at this summit — the covid crisis
first and foremost. but eyes and ears here were also very focused today on downing street. how would borisjohnson react to their demand that the uk must give way first if a trade deal is to be agreed? the answer — not positively. it's clear from the summit that, after 45 years of membership, they are not willing, unless there is some fundamental change of approach, to offer this country the same terms as canada. and so, with high hearts and with complete confidence, we will prepare to embrace the alternative and we will prosper mightily. downing street's clear message — trade talks are over unless the eu changes its tune. "no chance", retorted france's emmanuel macron. translation: we are always aware that it is the united kingdom that wanted to leave the european union, that is leaving the european union and that needs an agreement even
more than we do. after months and months of eu and uk negotiators shuttling backwards and forwards between london and brussels, both sides are fed up. the key sticking points still in talks — the rights of eu fishermen to fish in uk waters after brexit, competition regulations — known as the level playing field — and how disputes should be resolved if a trade deal is agreed. angela merkel said today the eu's chief negotiator would head to london on monday to launch intense last—ditch talks, but this evening, the government said no. as things stand, there was no point. this flexing muscles and ultimatum—giving by the uk and the eu is hardly surprising at this stage, but is it the end of the road or political posturing before difficult compromises are reached? concessions are going to be
needed by the government and the eu if a deal is to be found, and for those who really believe in this deal, tonight feels like a case of so near and yet so far. katya adler, bbc news, brussels. american federal prosecutors have formally charged a mexican former defence minister of drug trafficking and money laundering. general salvador cienfuegos was arrested at the airport in los angeles on thursday. he led the mexican army for six years during the presidency of enrique pena nieto. mexico's current president, andres manuel lopez obrador, said the arrest showed the extent of corruption in his predecessor's government. the bbc‘s will grant has more on the story. the first thing to jump out from the unsealed court documents against general salvador cienfuegos zepeda is the name. the prosecutors allege that he was known as el padrino, meaning ‘the godfather‘, which is an extraordinary allegation which against the man who was at the time, lest we forget, the country's defence minister. the list of allegations i have
here, the list of charges, involve first, protecting the h2 cartel from military operations, secondly, directing military operations against their rivals, also securing maritime transportation for drug shipments — those drug shipments involve methamphetamine, heroin and cocaine — introducing cartel members to other bribe—taking officials and the government, and finally, warning the cartel of us investigations against them. taken as a whole, that is a very damning indictment of the man who was supposedly charged with leading the fight against the drug cartels. in terms of the political ramifications, i see two. one for the incumbent president, andres manuel lopez obrador. this will bolster his efforts to present himself as the man leading the charge against corruption in public life. and secondly, of course for his predecessor, former president enrique pena nieto. this is the second high—profile member of his government to have been arrested in recent months. previously the former head of the state—run energy company
was arrested on alleged bribery charges, and now this situation with the former defence minister. this comes at a time that they are trying to change the law on impunity for former presidents, all of which makes this extremely uncomfortable forformer president enrique pena nieto. we'll grant there. stay with us on bbc news. still to come: paddle power — the cypriot man raising money for the victims of the beirut explosion — one stroke at a time. parts of san francisco least affected by the earthquake are returning to life, but in the marina area, where most of the damage was done, they are more conscious than ever of how much has been destroyed. in the 19 years since he was last here, he has gone from being a little—known revolutionary to an experienced and successful diplomatic operator. it was a 20—pound bomb which exploded on the fifth floor of the grand hotel, ripping a hole in the front
of the building. this government will not weaken, democracy will prevail. it fills me with humility and gratitude to know that i have been chosen as the recipient of this foremost of earthly honours. this catholic nation held its breath for the men they called 'the 33'. and then... bell tolls ..bells tolled nationwide to announce the first rescue and chile let out an almighty roar. this is bbc world news. the latest headlines: a teacher who showed pupils cartoons of the prophet mohammad is decapitated north of paris — in an attack
condemned by president macron. azerbaijan's second largest city, ganja, has been shelled by armenia. two residential buildings have collapsed, and dozens of people are feared to be dead. the nigerian government has ordered that judicial panels of inquiry be set up to investigate allegations of abuse carried out by a notorious police unit, popularly known as sars. the special anti—robbery squad has been accused of committing extrajudicial killings and torture. the unit was dissolved by the government last sunday but protests have continued. the bbc‘s mayeni jones sent this report from lagos. gunshots cracking down on dissent. this social media footage filmed in lagos on monday reportedly shows live ammunition that was used to disperse protesters against police brutality. bystander ikechukwu ilohamauz had stepped out of his car when he was hit
by a stray bullet. social media footage analysed by the bbc shows he was more than 250 metres away from the protest centre. the police initially said he was killed by demonstrators, but eyewitnesses disagree. ikechukwu's wife ngozi is still in shock. i can't even believe that my husband would have died like this. i never believed my husband would just disappear like this from me. he leave me no money. just needed money to go to work. isaid bye—bye, god be with you, god protect you and guide you. four days after ikechukwu was killed, the governor of lagos announced the arrest of four officers involved in the shooting. what do we want? end sars! young nigerians say the violent crackdown on police brutality protests — including the use of live rounds — shows nothing has changed. it rained here earlier and many thought that might dampen the protests, but that hasn't been the case.
hundreds of young people have showed up. there's a carnival atmosphere but their aims are very serious. they're here to fight police brutality and they refuse to be cowards. activists have used social media to organise the street demonstrations raising funds and recruiting volunteers. we're just here to encourage the protesters, to make sure that you don't go hungry, you don't go tired, you don't get wet. you have everything that you need and it's just been amazing, the support we've received. we banded together on that one unifying factor — you know, anybody can be killed. and now we're just sustaining as a unified youth to just ask for a better nigeria. the authorities have been slow to deliver. the central government is yet to address some key demands. activists want compensation for the families of the victims and better funding for the police. and they won't be easily appeased. mayenijones, bbc news, lagos.
the us budget deficit has hit a record 3—$.i trillion in the fiscal year that has just concluded. the increase in the gap between government income and spending was almost entirely due to the us coronavirus rescue package. voting is under way in new zealand, where the labour prime minister, jacinda ardern, is hoping to win a second term in office. voters are casting ballots in a general election and for two referendums. conservative national party leaderjudith collins has warned a labour victory would mean more taxes and an unfriendly business environment. disney has strengthened a content advisory message on its streaming service, warning of racism and stereotyping in some of its classic films. the message says that certain films include negative depictions and/or mistreatment of people or cultures, adding that these stereotypes were wrong then and are wrong now. some examples include lady and the tramp, released in 1955 where a scene includes two siamese cats, si and am, who are depicted with anti—asian stereotypes.
and a scene in 1941's dumbo where a group of crows that help dumbo learn how to fly have exaggerated stereotypical black voices. the lead crow is called jim crow — a reference to a set of racist segregationist laws in the southern us at the time — and he is voiced by a white actor, cliff edwards. a little earlier i spoke with the film and entertainment journalist piya sinha—roy and asked whether she would be comfortable in watching certain disney classics with children from multicultural backgrounds i think it's — you know, these films are, they are animated and they are part of, like, you know, kind of growing up that a lot of us have had. but i think it's important to have these warnings, because i think it is really, really important to understand what was wrong with these films and to make sure that these same stereotypes and caricatures and racist slurs even, are not being repeated
by the next generation. almost all of us grew up watching the films, in many countries, including me, probably including you. what was your experience, watching these films when you were a kid? i definitely grew up with a lot of these films in the ‘90s, and, you know, one thing that really does stick out to me is quite often people who sort of oppose these warnings don't necessarily understand the impact that the negative, you know, portrayals had on very specific people. i grew up in surrey, i went to school there, primary school there, and i remember in school having, you know, the slurs used in peter pan used against me. i'm not native american. i'm south asian. but still, i had brown skin and i was in a white school. and kids, when you are six or seven years old, you don't differentiate. i definitely had those terms used against me, so much so that i still remember it. you have to realise these things happen, they're real.
a message is of course just a message but the characters are still going to say those lines and make those slurs. and in the playground, young kids pay more attention to what the characters say than what the message says. i think that's a very good point. i think this is the absolute bare minimum that, you know, disney is doing. personally, you know, would it be better do not have those lines at all? yeah, i think so. because it's children's programming, i think it would be nice to not have to keeping seeing those things repeated. but you know, i think a lot of people are opposed to that, that these films should be shown as they existed and that is a hot debate. i am a little against thatjust because of my own experiences. i wish they would change. but if the warning does at least mean parents can talk to their children about this and make sure that those children don't continue these mistakes, then at least that's something, right?
and it's notjust about the past, the british actor john boyega, who is black, has accused disney of sidelining black characters in the latest star wars. did he have a point? i think he does. and john boyega spoke so eloquently about his own experience, now that he can speak openly, now that he is done with his contract. and i think it's really eye—opening to hear it from him. i think a lot of us, we have been reporting on the industry, and someone like me who looks at diversity and inclusion in film and entertainment in hollywood, we have seen that and we talk about it and we've mentioned it, but it really requires someone who is really experiencing it to speak out as well. and john boyega would be — the platform he has and just being able to bring a spotlight to that experience was really important, i think. piya sinha—roy there. from monday, all plastic bags will be banned across the state
of new york where more than 23 billion bags are used every year. helping to make the point about plastic waste is this grocery store in times square, as gail maclellan reports. fa ncy fancy some sushi? or how about this delicious sausage? it probably wouldn't be wise to start your day with this cereal, because, like all the products in this grocery store, it's made of plastic. this art installation is intended to highlight the amount of single—use plastic that ends up being thrown away and harming the environment. there is an excessive amount of waste and single—use plastic that is used daily in new york city and all over the world and is designed for convenience, designed to be used for a very brief period of time and then thrown away from top but there is no away and it doesn't go anywhere and it doesn't go anywhere and it doesn't decompose and it's
ending up in our oceans and in the environment and is a real problem. the director of the exhibition says the novelty of the plastic veg, frozen or baked goods, is that people get the message about the effect of waste on the environment without the need for long explanations. it just without the need for long explanations. itjust holds, again, that mirror to all of the plastics that are part of oui’ the plastics that are part of our everyday experiences and everyday retail experiences, in particular, that we just don't see. in one of the things they love about this project is that without presenting the facts and figures it's still something that stays with you. you almost can't unseat the plastic bag store when you step into your next grocery store experience. the installation will only be in place for three weeks, but years to design and create. the material, though, was easy to find. as the artist says, its trash. and, u nfortu nately, says, its trash. and, unfortunately, it's everywhere. gail maclellan, bbc news.
it's more than two months now since the massive explosion that rocked the lebanese capital, beirut. at least 200 people were killed and thousands more were injured. one cypriot man is trying to raise money for those who lost their homes and their livelihoods. and he's doing it in an unusual way, as the bbc‘s tim allman reports. dawn in the mediterranean as christis michaelides begins his journey. stroke after stroke, wave after wave, he's a stand—up paddle boat, and he's got quite an adventure ahead of him. the reason behind this trip is to gather money, contributions, to help lebanon. at the same time, to help offer moral support, psychological support for the people of lebanon that are really struggling at this moment. the explosion that took place in beirut in august was devastating. thousands of tonnes of nitrate, and fertiliser, left unattended, it finally blew up.
as well as the dead and the injured, an estimated 300,000 people were left homeless. so, christis has set off from cape greko in cyprus, beginning a roughly 200—kilometre journey to beirut, raising money and attention, as long as conditions remain fair. you need a certain degree of luck in this thing, as far as the weather is concerned. so, if the weather permits, everything is going to be ok. it's not going to be perfect, but hopefully it will be good enough. he is not completely on his own. there will be a support ship nearby in case he gets in any trouble. the trip is expected to last three days. three long days. tim allman, bbc news.
three excruciatingly exhausting days. do let me know what you're up to. i am on twitter. stay with us. hello there, the weather is set to change in a big way next week. but before then, essentially we've got more of the same. and probably skies looking a bit like this across many parts of the country. there will be a lot of cloud around this weekend. for many places, it may well be dry, but for all of us, it's going to be on the cool side. we've still got this nose of high pressure sitting across the uk. keeping this area of low pressure away, but threatening with some showers in the far south—west. also we've got cooler air coming down from the north, bringing all this cloud into scotland, into northern england and into northern ireland and there may be a bit of drizzle in that quite low cloud as well, so quite grey and gloomy. further south, still fairly cloudy out there but there may be a little sunshine at times, the odd shower more especially towards the far south—west of england. for many of us, temperatures like they were on friday, 12 or 13 degrees. that cloud still around into the evening and the cloudier skies continue to move
across the northern half of the uk overnight. and again, a few pockets of light rain or drizzle further south. some breaks in the cloud, perhaps. the cloud certainly thinner here, so temperatures could be a bit lower than those sort of numbers suggest. but for many, we're looking at sixes and sevens on saturday night into sunday morning and a lot of cloud again on sunday. and again, we've got a few pockets of light rain or drizzle here and there. the showers should be moving away from the south—west over more southern parts of england and wales. there will be a better chance of seeing some sunshine, giving the temperatures a bit of a boost, 1a or 15 degrees, contrast that with the eight or nine that we're struggling up to the north—east of scotland and perhaps the north—east of england. high pressure over the weekend, doesn't last into next week. instead, we've got areas of low pressure coming in steadily from the atlantic, and that means the weather is changing. so, we've got some rain on the way on monday. at the moment, it looks like it's mainly going to be across northern ireland and into scotland, some heavier rain over the hills. england and wales with a little bit of sunshine at times. there will be a stronger wind
from the south at this time. and that means temperatures are going to be higher, perhaps as high as 15 or 16 in the south—east of the uk. next week, though, looks very different from what we've seen just recently. it will be a bit milder but the winds will be strengthening with showers or longer spells of rain.
this is bbc news, the headlines: president macron of france has paid tribute to a teacher beheaded by a knifeman in a suburb of paris, saying he was killed for advocating freedom of expression. he called him a victim of an islamist terror attack and declared that deception and violence would not win. armenian missiles have again struck azerbaijan's second city, ganja, as fighting continues over nagorno—karabakh. video footage shows people searching for survivors in the rubble of a residential block. an azeri official said at least ten civilians were killed. friday saw an azeri attack on nagorno karabakh's main city, stepa na kert. britain's prime minister borisjohnson has said the country should prepare for ending the brexit transition period without a trade deal at the end of this year. he said this could only be avoided if the european union fundamentally changed its negotiating position.
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