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tv   BBC News  BBC News  October 18, 2020 3:00am-3:31am BST

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this is bbc news — i'm james reynolds. our top stories: a new humanitarian ceasefire comes into effect between armenia and azerbaijan — over the disputed region of nagorno—karabakh. tributes are paid to samuel paty, the teacher beheaded in paris on friday, in what the french president has called a cowardly attack. opening up in australia — the state of victoria eases some of its toughest coronavirus restrictions. and thousands of lebanese mark the anniversary of a mass protest movement against a political elite, now blamed for august's deadly blast in beirut. people have no means to survive or continue, and the ones who came here today are sending one message: they are here to stay, and waiting for the change.
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and the picasso pictures that show his passion for music. a new exhibition strikes the right chord with art lovers. a new ceasefire has come into effect in the bitter conflict over the disputed territory of nagorno—kara bakh. the humanitarian truce was announced in identical statements from armenia and azerbaijan, and came after the russian foreign minister, sergei lavrov, spoke to both sides. over the past couple of days each side has accused the other of fresh attacks violating another truce, including an azeri claim that armenia had shelled its second city ganja, killing civilians. our correspondent rayhan demtyrie‘s report contains distressing images from the start.
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three weeks of fighting has left a heavy toll, hundreds of people have been killed on both sides. a new ceasefire, if it holds, has come too late. the azeri authorities say there were at least 1a civilians killed when armenian missiles struck a neighbourhood in ganja, azerbaijan's second—largest city. the rescue works continued late into saturday evening, there may be more people trapped under the rubble. azerbaijan's prosecutor general said armenia would be held responsible for the attack. i think this is really serious crime. this is war crime against civil people. people who are not involved in war, in fighting against armenia. this is, i think, a crime against humanity.
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the armenian government denies that rockets were fired from its territory. it maintains that the fighting is between armenian—backed karabakh forces and azerbaijan. it says azerbaijan continues to bombard nagorno—kara bakh‘s capital. this local resident describes what he saw. translation: it was a plane that hit us because the damage is so great. it was a small missile that hit over there, the main area. now armenia and azerbaijan have agreed to a new humanitarian ceasefire. the same pledge was made last week. it did not hold. joining me now is retired us ambassador carey cavanaugh. he was formerly the co—chair of the minsk group, the international body created nearly three decades ago to resolve the
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nagorno—kara bakh conflict. for many years this conflict was, to the outside world, dormant. why has it flared up ain? dormant. why has it flared up again? what we are seeing is the frustration of almost 30 yea rs of peace the frustration of almost 30 years of peace talks that have not moved anywhere and has solidification of the status quo and azerbaijan has decided to try and take a more aggressive approach towards bringing about change on the ground. you were part of some of those peace talks for years. was there ever a time when you we re was there ever a time when you were involved where you thought that the conflict might be resolved to the satisfaction of both sides? definitely. twice, early in the 1990s and again in 2001, the dialogue could have been successful. in a different setting where both parties were
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prepared to agree to talks and discuss serious compromise. and this time they are not? noted it this time they have dug in over the past two years and have moved to maximal positions andi have moved to maximal positions and i think that has made it impossible to make headway in peace talks. why have these maximalist positions are merged? popular support in part. i think the leadership in both countries with all its difficulties convincing their people that they need to compromise at the negotiating table. azerbaijan has always said that we will get the return of all our land including karabakh and the population in karabakh has increasingly said that they wa nt to increasingly said that they want to be independent and to retain other lands that they have held that whenever armenian dominant lands,
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primarily azerbaijan lands that they have been holding ever since the original ceasefire in 1990 four. this is notjust a conflict that when these two countries. turkey as the main regional support for azerbaijan and russia has a pact with armenia. is there a risk that those two powers get further drawn into these conflicts on opposing sides? that has always been the greatest risk here. i believe it is unlikely and it is to see that —— heartening to see that erdogan spoke with putin so we must be careful not to make a miscalculation here but we saw in syria that turkey came close to confrontation, in fa ct came close to confrontation, in fact they shot down a russian fighter plane so there is the chance that something could go awry and it could get out of control. thank you so much for speaking to us.
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in france, tributes have been paid to the teacher who was killed in a paris suburb on friday in a suspected islamist attack. the police say that samuel paty was targeted because he showed pupils controversial cartoons of the prophet mohammed, in a lesson on free speech. the french authorities have named the attacker — who was himself killed by the police — as abdullakh abouyezidvitch, an 18—year—old from the russian region of chechnya. here's our paris correspondent, lucy williamson. this is the moment police confronted the man who beheaded a teacher on a suburban street. "drop your weapon", they shout. the suspect shoots at them with a bb gun. the next sound you will hear is police firing back. gunfire today, france's counterterrorism prosecutor named the suspect as abdoulak abouyezidvitch, an 18—year—old chechen man with refugee status in france. he lived an hour's drive away from conflans, the prosecutor
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said, and had to ask school pupils to point his target out. samuel paty was a 47—year—old teacher of history and geography who decided to use two cartoons of muhammed as part of a class on freedom of speech. investigators say it sparked a social media campaign by one outraged parent and that there had been threats against the school. translation: yesterday there was a state of shock and now the priority for us is to look after the children, because i think it was very hard for them and it still is. translation: memories are going to come back, he's going to say my teacher's not there. and apparently there are photographs going round of the scene. i hope they don't see those, because i think they're already going to be affected by this for life. flowers mark the places where lives are shattered. in france that list has grown a little longer this week. confla ns now remembered alongside paris, nice,
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all the other places where hatred of french values has left blood on the country's streets. lucy williamson, bbc news, paris. let's get some of the day's other news. arrests have been made at demonstrations outside the official residence of prime minsiter benjamin netanyahu in jerusalem. he has been widely criticised for his handling of the pandemic and is also facing corruption charges. the rallies on saturday night were only permitted to go ahead after a lifting of the lockdown brought in by the government last month to try and curb the spread of coronavirus. iran's president, hassan rouhani, said his country is now free to procure weapons and equipment from any source without international restrictions following the expiry of a arms embargo agreed as part of the 2015 nuclear deal. but he added there was no risk that iran would now go on an arms—buying spree. america has been keen to maintain the arms embargo on iran but in august the un
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security council rejected a move to extend it. the british police officer who was poisoned in the nerve agent attack in the english city of salisbury in 2018, is leaving the force. detective sergeant nick bailey was contaminated with novichok at the home of sergei and yulia skripal — where it had been sprayed on a door handle. but after returning to duty last year, he's tweeted that he's "had to admit defeat". daily global coronavirus cases rose by more than 400,000 for the first time on friday — a record one—day increase — with europe emerging as the new epicentre of the virus. the french health ministry has reported a record number of new confirmed cases of covid—19 on saturday — at more than 32,400. it comes as a night—time curfew affecting 20 million residents across major cities has been implemented — set to last for at least four weeks. the czech republic saw more than 11,000 new cases.
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in response, the army is to build an emergency field hospital in prague. and more than 7,000 cases have been recorded by germany in the latest 2a hour period. in response to germany's record—breaking figures, chancellor angela merkel has appealed for people to reduce social contact and keep non—essential travel toa minimum. translation: we are now in a very serious phase of the coronavirus pandemic. new infections are jumping day by day, the pandemic is spreading again rapidly and faster than at the beginning, six months ago. in the uk, more than 28 million people in england have spent their first day under tighter coronavirus restrictions. it's also 2a hours since northern ireland started a four week "circuit—brea ker" lockdown — closing all hospitality venues, except to provide take—aways. daniela relph looks at the impact of the tightened restrictions. london, now under tier two restrictions. meeting outside is ok with distancing and no more
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than six of you. socialising indoors is banned, except with your own support bubble. freedom! but not everyone is toeing the line. a demonstration by a few hundred people in central london today protesting at the covid rules, and not abiding by them either. freedom! the police said protests can be exempt from the restrictions, and organisers here had met the conditions to allow that to happen. in wales, a full lockdown remains a possibility, with a decision due on monday. the first minister believing that a circuit—brea ker for two weeks could slow the virus. and in caernarfon today, there was caution but acceptance. it's a hard situation. it is needed to get things under control but it is not going to fix it. i support it, i feel that health comes before the economy. northern ireland has already introduced its own
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form of circuit—brea ker. beauty businesses are now closed for four weeks, along with hospitality venues. schools have an extended half—term. there is, though, frustration. we've adhered to everything, we've done everything we should. we put all our hygiene practices in place. but yet we still come away feeling punished. at the royal liverpool hospital, staff believe these tougher restrictions in their city and others are the only answer. this time last month the trust was looking after 33 patients with covid. today that figure stands at more than 300. we are overwhelmed, and it's not winter. it's not even winter yet. and look at us. you know, it'sjust really tiring and really upsetting. ensuring hospitals can cope in the weeks and months ahead is why the government says these restrictions are necessary, to control the spread of the virus and ultimately, save lives. daniela relph, bbc news. more than 100 days after being
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plunged back into lockdown, australia's second most populous city, melbourne, will see a further easing of restrictions. the premier of victoria, daniel andrews has announced groups of up to ten people from two households will be able to gather in outdoor public places, while in regional areas, hospitality businesses will be able to host up to a0 customers indoors and 70 outdoors. it is definitely a sigh of relief for melburnians today and this has been a long time coming. australia was doing incredibly well in terms of the global pandemic, it shut borders early and there have been state restrictions but it unravelled in melbourne due to the hotel quarantine saga that saw the city placed into lockdown and extended across regional victoria. it has been a tough time sincejuly. how are people there responding to this? as i said they are breathing
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a sigh of relief but it does not go as far as some people hope. in his address, the premier daniel andrews compared to the uk, melbourne's worst day of cases, 725, and we had some 800 cases on that same day and he compares it to today, where we have had 16,000 and melbourne has had two cases! two cases?! about this wave hitting europe it is astonishing to think that it is down to two cases. and the draconian measures have played a huge part in that people are saying if there are only two cases, can't we go all the way to open retail and hospitality, businesseds have done it tough and it comes off a devastating year. in january there were bushfires tearing through, so this has been one event after another for business. and the economic impact? if they have only got two cases, this means things can
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slowly start reopening again. there is november one for that opening of hospitality and the premier said that will be reviewed, so there is potential for that to happen earlier. i think in november people will be pushing ahead and hoping by christmas things will start to look little bit more normal. this is bbc news — the headlines: a new humanitarian ceasefire comes into effect between armenia and azerbaijan over the disputed region of nagorno—karabakh. france plans a national tribute for a teacher, brutally murdered on the outskirts of paris, in a suspected islamist attack. new zealanders are waking up to the largest victory by any political party since 1996. jacinda ardern‘s labour party has won 49.4% of the vote, bringing them a projected 64 seats — a rare absolute majority in parliament. the opposition centre—right national party won 26.8% of the votes, winning a projected 35 seats. labour campaigned on tackling climate change, reducing poverty and their record on handling the coronavirus pandemic. ms ardern spoke after her
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victory was confirmed. thank you to the people who worked so hard to share our message. who volunteered for us in what felt like an endless campaign. thank you to the candidates and members of parliament who worked notjust for six weeks but for three years to earn their communities' support. cheering and applause but most importantly, thank you to the many people who gave us their vote, who trusted us to continue with leading new zealand's recovery, who backed the plan we are already rolling out. and to those amongst
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you who may not have supported labour before, and the results tell me there were a few of you... laughter to you — to you, i say thank you. we will not take your support for granted. and i can promise you we will be a party that governs for every new zealander. bolivians remain hopeful for a peaceful election on the eve of a tightening race between the two main presidential candidates. socialist candidate luis arce leads centrist former president, carlos mesa. aruna iyengar has this report. security on the streets, this vote is key to the stability of bolivia. last year's ballot prompted the resignation of president evo morales. gunfire. and led to violent clashes — dozens of people were killed. translation: as bolivians, we hope the upcoming elections
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are transparent and won't be like last year, when there was a fallout. proof of what happened was seen when people went out on the street, with everything that was happening, people going to march, that is what we as bolivians are not hoping for, but for it all to be peaceful. this country demands a government that has a sound mind, so it can govern for the next five years. evo morales — seen in the centre — is not in the running this year, but his influence remains. as a socialist, and the country's first indigenous president, many say he changed bolivia for the better. detractors accuse him of corruption and authoritarianism. he's given his backing to luis arce, who is leading the polls. trailing him is former president and centrist carlos mesa.
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security measures are in place to ensure a transparent voting process, with paper ballots and their electronic copy being stored for any follow—up count. but many in el alto are worried. translation: we are practically all preparing ourselves. so, everyone, as you see, and you go to the markets — we're preparing ourselves for that moment of crisis. we hope and expect it won't be too long, but that we know will come. international observers have arrived in la paz, including officials from the un development programme, to ensure fair elections. neither man is expected to win the 40% of votes required to avoid a run—off in late november. aruna iyengar, bbc news. hundreds of women's march events are taking place across the us to mobilize opposition against donald trump, and his nomination of amy coney barrett to the supreme court. this was the scene a short while ago in washington dc, where demonstrators gathered at freedom plaza. and this is chicago. the protests come just days before the senate
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holds its first vote to confirm barrett to replace the late justice ruth bader ginsburg, a liberal leader and feminist icon. emiliana guereca is the director of women's march foundation la and is spearheading the initiative. we should all be worried when the supreme courtjustice seat is filled in a rush in the middle of an election, in the middle of a pandemic. what is the administration hiding? why didn't we see more candidates? this is a very rushed process by the conservative republican party which should alarm all of us. amy coney states she is an "originalist", an originalist by all means would not even be voting, because as an originalist, women didn't have the right to vote at that time, so it's dangerous for women. she is dangerous for women. in beirut — demonstrations have taken place to commemorate the first anniversary of a mass
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protest movement demanding political reform in lebanon. thousands of protesters also held a minute's silence in memory of those who died in the devastating blast at the port in august. lina sinjab reports from beirut. one year since the protests began in lebanon. one year of rising and fading hopes. people came from different backgrounds and sects, commemorating a pivotal moment in lebanon's modern history. a moment when the lebanese people pushed for change but were faced with devastating economic, health and security challenges. the power is to the people and we are the change here. we are going to fight for this country because we deserve a better lebanon. this is what is left of the momentum of the protest that erupted last year across the country. the ones who came here today are defiant and they want to send a message to their government, but also to the world, that they want to keep up the hope and they want
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change, even if it takes a long time. people are tired and exhausted. it's economic collapse, it's coronavirus, and it's the blast. people have no means to survive or continue and the ones who came here today are sending one message — they are here to stay and waiting for change. as they continue their march, they raise their voice with anger. anger over corrupt and impotent government who not only made the country poorer, but fails to protect lives. the day ended with a moment of silence for the lives lost in august's deadly blast. but it will be long before lebanon heals its wounds and rises again. lina sinjab, bbc news. pablo picasso was one of the most influential artists
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of the 20th century. he was a painter, a sculptor, a printmaker, a theatre designer — a man of many talents. now, a new exhibition devoted to his work is opening in paris — but it's exploring the connection of his art to music — as the bbc‘s tim allman explains. curious flute and violin music. he was undeniably a master of the visual medium. pablo picasso's art was, in its own way, revolutionary. unlike anything that had come before. and he understood that art can be consumed not only with the eyes, but with the ears, too. this exhibition examines that creative link between sound and vision. translation: music, as he loved it was a sensitive thing, typified by dancers' bodies and instruments. we don't even know if he knew how to read music. even if he could read it, legend has it picasso once said
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he didn't really like music. but musical motifs regularly appeared in his work, and he often drew notes and instruments in his sketchbooks. he had an attentive, detailed mind, examining the shape of things, using them to help create his art. translation: he talked with violin makers because he took signs used by them to characterise elements of the instruments. he was very interested in the structure of the object. the exhibition runs until the beginning of january, examining the genius of picasso in a whole new light, and a whole new sound. tim allman, bbc news. law on all our stories on our
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website. —— more. hello. sunday will be the last day in this spell of fairly quiet, settled weather. that said, there will still be enough cloud out there to produce a little patchy rain in a few spots as we go through the day. but some of us will actually end up being a little bit brighter than we were on saturday. we're just in this weather pattern waiting for something to come along and the signs are there in the atlantic as low pressure starting to form and heading our way to bring some very different weather in the week ahead. as we'll see in a moment. this is how we start off on sunday morning. the thickest cloud through northern ireland, scotland, through northern and eastern england giving some outbreaks of mostly light rain. so some of us getting off to a damp start. there may be some early sunny spells in the far northeast of scotland. that will cloud over. and as all of this starts
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to push north again it will stay damp for some in scotland. but northern ireland will brighten up for a time. and parts of wales, and across the midlands, and southern england — a great chance of seeing sunny spells on sunday compared with saturday. it will still be another rather cool day. but for now the winds are light. some rain will push across northern ireland on through sunday evening, on across the northern isles too, and more widely into scotland, into parts of northern england as the night goes on. south of that there will be a few clear spells around. for all parts, the breezes starting to pick up. starting to come in, though, from the south. look at this. it has been so quiet, it is much more active on the big picture here, though, for monday. weather fronts out towards the north and west. and, of course, low pressure taking over. and during monday there will be some further heavy rain, particularly into northern ireland and scotland. but some outbreaks of rain also affecting some of us towards the west of wales and western fringes of england. whereas elsewhere cloud's going to increase. still some hazy brightness. again the wind is starting to pick up as well. but it's a southerly breeze. those temperatures are a little bit higher.
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that spell of rain will push its way east across all parts during monday night. on tuesday, still some further heavy rain in northern scotland, further heavy showers elsewhere in scotland and northern ireland. a few elsewhere on this brisk south—southwesterly wind. but that flow of air will bring some milder weather in, particularly into england and wales, where some will reach towards the high teens. temperatures trail off again later in the week. as the week goes on there will be further spells of rain clearing to showers to end the week. bye— bye.
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this is bbc news.
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the headlines: a new ceasefire has come into effect in the deadly conflict over the disputed territory of nagorno—kara bakh. the humanitarian truce was announced in identical statements from armenia and azerbaijan, and came after the russian foreign minister, sergei lavrov, spoke to both sides. french officials say that the man who beheaded a teacher in paris on friday had been waiting outside the school and had asked pupils to identify his victim. it's thought the teacher, samuel paty, was targeted for showing cartoons of the prophet mohammed. a national tribute will take place for him on wednesday. australia's state of victoria's easing some of its coronavirus restrictions. people from melbourne will be able to travel 25 kilometres from their home, rather than five. other changes include the reopening of hairdressers and golf and tennis clubs.


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