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tv   BBC World News  BBC News  October 26, 2020 1:00am-1:31am GMT

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this is bbc news with the latest headlines for viewers in the uk and around the world. i'm arron safir. initial results suggest the people of chile have voted for a new constitution — this is the scene live in santiago. fighting the latest surge — spain and italy introduce new emergency measures to slow the spread of the coronavirus. translation: the freedom of movement of people is prohibited from 11pm movement of people is prohibited from ”pm until 6am throughout the country. it will only be possible to circulate in this time zone for the justified reasons established in the regulation. a special forces unit detains
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a group of stowaways who threatened the crew of a tanker off the uk's south coast. police in belarus fire stun grenades at protesters calling for the resignation of president alexander lu kashenko. hello and welcome to audiences in the uk and around the world. the first results from a referendum in chile suggest that a large majority of people have voted to change the country's constitution. official partial results show more than 70% of voters want to change from a constitution, drafted in 1980 under the former dictator, augusto pinochet. the referendum was called after major anti—government protests last year. our latin america correspondent, katy watson, explains what happens next.
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there is a clear path forward, but it will be a long, drawn—out process. so by april, there will be the body drawn up to be able to draw up the constitution, they will be voting for that in april, and then there will be a referendum with the new draft of the constitution in 2022. so we are talking a long process. in the meantime, there will be presidential elections, and that's one of the criticisms of rewriting the constitution. those who didn't want to change were concerned that it would bring a lot of instability and uncertainty in a country that has actually flourished economically — the poverty gap has fallen, the poverty rate has fallen, but it's also left a lot of people behind. there are deep inequalities in the country and of course that is what has helped drive these protests and drive the demands for change. let's speak to jane chambers, who is a journalist
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—— let us show you what is happening in the capital right now. huge celebrations taking place. not surprising, given the votes that we expect all that we think has been in favour, around 70% of people approving the new constitution. but this is just the first step. what happened next, katie outlined a bit. let's speak to jane chambers, who is a journalist based in santiago. you have been out about in chile today, give us a sense of what people are expecting from this moment of change. yes, there has been a huge turnout today, and when i was out, there were cars everywhere, streams or people outside the voting stations, and i think people are very hopeful about what this new change will mean, as katie said it was one of the key reforms during the process, something people have been pushing for, and it is very
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much seen as a symbol of hope that things would change, and what are seen as a deeply unfair country. let us talk a bit about the idea of unfairness and inequality because i suppose for many people, a constitution might seem like it is important but may be a bit dry, how often elections are held on how law is passed, but the current constitution in chile extends quite far into daily lives in the kind of services that people get from government, doesn't it? yes, it does but also there is the symbolism there. this is a constitution that was made during general pinochet‘s military dictatorship in 1980 and has been tweaked a bit since then. but it seemed very much to protect the wealthy elite, which goes back to this idea of equality, their businesses, their concerns, things like private water rights. so they feel if they can change this constitution, they can bring more equality to the country and their daily lives will hopefully get easier. that's
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the argument in favour and we can see people out celebrating this result. just talk us through the argument against, that some people will have been making and some people have voted in that direction. why we re voted in that direction. why were some people reluctant to make this change? there are also people i spoke to who are definitely voting to reject it. they think there is too much violence, they feel that it will destabilise the country, they feel it will take too long, they would argue that politicians are able to change the laws anyway and bring fairer education, fairer pension systems, fairer health care. so they would say that people are just care. so they would say that people arejust going care. so they would say that people are just going to get dragged down by a bureaucratic process and actually, we just got on with changing things, it can be done a lot quicker. i think there are also worried that there might be more protests a nd that there might be more protests and that people will be expecting all these huge changes and amazing things to happen that will not happen as
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quickly as they want and probably all the things that they think are going to happen will not actually be delivered to them with this new constitution. so that is why they were voting not to have a new constitution. you mention to the roles of elites and politicians, let us quickly talk about president sebastian pinera, who was very much the object of anger during those protests last year and early this year. he stayed neutral on theissue this year. he stayed neutral on the issue of changing the referendum, what do you think its future is going to be in this process now? i think he wa nts to this process now? i think he wants to see it through. he's just made a televised speech to the whole of chile where he is saying that democracy has triumphed, that piece has triumphed, that piece has triumphed over violence, that people should be able to celebrate, but go home peacefully and not have the kind of violent protests we saw a week ago on the anniversary of the unrest. i think he wants to deliver this new constitution in a safe and
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non—violent way, and that he is hoping he will be able to do that and maybe restore some of his credibility, because there has been a lot of criticism towards him. jane chambers in santiago, thanks for giving us your insight on that. i'm sure we will catch up with you later as the story develops. thank you. spain and italy are introducing tough new restrictions to try and bring a new spike in covid—19 infections under control. in a moment we'll hear from our correspondent in rome. but first, this report from guy hedgecoe in spain, where the prime minister's approved tighter measures that will be in place for a month. seven months after spain's government introduced a state of emergency to tackle coronavirus, it is doing so again. in the spring, the measure was used as a legal framework to implement a strict national lockdown. this time, the measures will not be quite as tight, although a national curfew is being introduced. translation: the freedom of movement of people
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is prohibited from 11pm to 6am throughout the country. it will only be possible to circulate in this time zone for the justified reasons established in the regulation. for example, to acquire medicines, to carry out one's work or professional obligations, to return home or to take care of adults or minors. also local authorities will be able to restrict movement between regions and take other measures they deem necessary. spain has become the first european country to surpass 1 million cases of covid—19. there is concern that in some areas, such as the northern regions of navarre, high infection rates are putting renewed pressure on health care services. guy hedgecoe, bbc news, madrid. waiting, not on tables but on news of their future. worried staff at a prime roman restaurant in a crisis meeting over new measures.
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inside, they prepare the last suppers. from tomorrow, they will close from 6pm, only takeaway after that. the family business was just starting to recover from the first wave. we are really, really worried about it, for sure. you know, it's a very difficult situation, and september was the first month for us that started to go in the right way. so, now we have to stop again. all our life is here. we are four families, with sons, children, with babies and we love thisjob. the prime minister announced a looser lockdown than last time. a maximum of four people at tables, gyms, pools, cinemas and theatres closed, italians advised to move around only if necessary. he knows patience is wearing thin. protests by fringe groups against restrictions turned ugly this weekend. its economy already forecast
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to shrink by 10% this year, italy can't afford a second shutdown. but with soaring cases, the government says italy needs another push to get the virus under control. its management of the pandemic has been widely supported here, but with venues closing again, the mood may change and there will be no gyms to let off steam. of course, that will undermine our... just overall sanity, i think, both physically and mentally, and i think amongst the many decisions which could have been taken, i think this one in particular was perhaps, yeah, a bit rash or not really necessary. it could have been dealt with differently. it's too serious not to act. over 1200 are now in intensive care, up almost 1000 since last month. the first country in the west crushed by the pandemic is seeing a grim history repeating itself,
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and hopes it's not too late to turn the tide. mark lowen, bbc news, rome. seven stowaways are in custody after british royal navy commandos stormed an oil tanker in the english channel. military assistance was requested after reports that the stowaways on board the liberian—registered nave andromeda had became violent. the bbc‘s duncan kennedy explains what happened. it really has been an extraordinary few hours ending with this special forces raid on a tanker in the solent behind me here. that raid involved four helicopters with teams of what's called special boat service, sbs, specialforces. they're based about 50 miles, about 70 km down the coast here. and they landed on the deck of this vessel in their four helicopters and used what was described as "overwhelming force" to retake the ship. they detained seven individuals, and we're told the whole operation only took around nine minutes, so a very quick operation.
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an extremely highly proficient professional service, the sbs. very well—known in many parts of the world. we're also told that no members of the crew were hurt during this operation. it was authorised by the home secretary and the defence secretary earlier on this evening at the request of the local police force, hampshire police, and presumably in the intervening hours, that operation was planned and eventually executed this evening. it's not clear what happened with those seven individuals, whether they've since been taken off the tanker and brought ashore or if they're still on board. it all began at 9pm local time here when the crew reported there was some kind of confrontation with stowaways who were on board. they knew the stowawaysbwere there, vut for some reason the stowaways, in the words of the crew, became violent towards the crew, which led the crew to take refuge in a special lock—up room on board the ship. the use it to protect
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themselves against pirates on the high sea. they were then able to alert the authorities. a couple of coastguard helicopters were sent out to assess the situation, and at some point the police decided they weren't happy with what was going on, contacted the authorities, the government and the special operation was authorised. now, tonight, both the home secretary and the defence secretary have issued statements thanking the armed forces for their operation and making sure that nobody was hurt in this situation. the united states says armenia and azerbaijan have agreed a third attempt at a ceasefire in the conflict over the disputed territory of nagorno—karabakh. in a joint statement released with the two governments, the us state department said the truce will come into effect in the coming hours after intensive negotiations in washington between the country's foreign ministers. fighting has taken place over the territory for almost a month.
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stay with us on bbc news — still to come... 0n the final stretch — as the us presidential election approaches. we'll report from the states that may make the difference. indira gandhi, ruler of the world's largest democracy, died today. 0nly yesterday, she spoke of dying in the service of her country and said, "i will be proud of it. every drop of my blood contribute to the growth of this nation." after 46 years of unhappiness, these two countries have concluded a chapter of history. no more suspicion. no more fear. no more uncertainty of what each day might bring. booster ignition and lift off of discovery with a crew of six astronaut heroes and one american legend. this is beautiful.
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a milestone in human history. born today, this girl in india is the seven billionth person on the planet. this is bbc news, the latest headlines: our top story this hour — chile decides on a new future — initial results suggests the country has voted to change the constitution. funerals have been held for the victims of saturday's suicide bombing in the afghan capital, kabul. the number of dead has risen to 2a — most of the victims were students at a private education centre. the islamic state group has said it carried out the attack in a mainly shia muslim neighbourhood. the un has described the bombing as a callous and senseless war crime. 0ur correspondent secunder
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kermani has the story — his report contains some flashing images. the narrow street outside the tuition centre was packed when the suicide bomber struck. fear, panic and shock amongst the students. like this 18—year—old, many were preparing for their university entrance exam next year. translation: i was walking towards the centre when i heard a huge bang. i fell unconscious. when i woke up, i saw my classmates and friends wounded and lying down on the ground. everyone was crying. at the scene today, abandoned textbooks and shattered glass. the suicide bomber was coming down this alley, trying to get inside that gate to the tuition centre when he was challenged by some of the guards and he blew himself up. you can still see some of the marks left by the shrapnel in the wall and the impact the explosion had. most of the residents of this area belong to afghanistan's shia minority. they've been repeatedly targeted by the islamic state group.
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still, there's defiance. translation: i don't feel safe, but i won't surrender. if the taliban or daesh fight with weapons, i will fight with my notebook, my pen and my education. i have faith that i will win. there's been a surge in fighting in the country over the past few weeks, largely between the afghan government and the taliban. peace talks have started, but seem to have stalled. is is much less powerful than the taliban and is not part of those negotiations. they can still carry out deadly attacks. today, the young victims of this latest atrocity were laid to rest. written on one of the placards, a simple question — what was my crime? secunder kermani, bbc news, kabul. riot police in belarus have fired stun grenades at demonstrators in the capital, minsk, hours before the expiry of a deadline set by the opposition calling
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on the country's long—term leader, alexander lukashenko, to resign — orface a general strike. from moscow, here's stephen rosenberg. this was the moment the centre of minsk descended into chaos and violence. banging what you can hear are stun grenades fired by the riot police. what you can see is blind panic. anti—government protesters run for cover. they'd come out to deliver an ultimatum — either alexander lu kashenko agrees to resign, or from monday, there'll be a nationwide strike. from the authorities, the response, as you can see, was no.
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police sparked terror as they hunted down protesters in apartments. earlier, tens of thousands had taken to the streets to accuse mr lukashenko of stealing the presidency. the strength of feeling against him seems as strong as ever. but will the belarussian people heed the call for a national strike? svetla na ti kha novs kaya, the opposition leader who's been forced into exile, hopes they will. i think that the will of the belarussian people can be changed. and even if we do not succeed or if we do not get the effect we are waiting for, people will be looking for another kind of struggle, another kind of protest, but we will not stop. last week, mr lukashenko accused protesters are behaving arrogantly and warned they would face the consequences.
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so the use of force is no surprise. but it was a violent crackdown on peaceful protesters that helped spark the mass protests back in august. it is unlikely to end them now. steve rosenberg, bbc news, moscow. alena kudzko is the director of the glob—sec policy institute — a think tank based in bratislava, slovakia. she told us that it would be difficult to predict how the strike could go. a lot of people are going to strike. are going to take off to express solidarity with the strikers. but we should also understand the difficult situation in which the people of belarus are. striking has been a very difficult and risky enterprise in the country. the government has taken every possible measure to intimidate people and prevent strikes from happening. a lot of leaders of
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the striking committees were arrested, and some of them had to flee the country. people who intended to strike were fired. workers are facing a very difficult choice. as jobs are very scarce, especially outside minsk, and the government controls most of thejobs. even private companies are facing persecution for being closed down on the strike days. hence, it's very difficult to predict what's going to happen tomorrow. but this by no means implies that the protests are going to decrease in number or scale. we have a very interesting situation in the country. we have the opposition that is very resilient and has not lost its resolve and we have the government that is not budging. so we have a stalemate and each side is trying to break it. the opposition, for its part, is trying to come up with more and more creative strategies that
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are keeping the government off course and forcing the government to make more and more mistakes. this deadline thatis more mistakes. this deadline that is set for today is one of the strategies, to put more pressure on the government. thousands of people have continued to take part in pro—democracy demonstrations in thailand. demonstrators gathered at a major intersection in the capital bangkok after a deadline for the prime minister to resign passed on saturday night. the protesters also want reforms to the powerful thai monarchy. police in the uk have arrested a 38—year—old man in relation to its investigation into the grenfell tower fire in 2017. london's metropolitan police say the man was taken in for questioning on suspicion of perverting the course ofjustice — and it's not related to events heard at the public inquiry into the fire. a total of 72 people lost their lives in the tragedy at the west london block of flats in june three years ago. in nine days' time,
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a polarised united states will choose its next president. the bbc‘s clive myrie will be bringing you a series of special reports looking at the key issues for voters — as they choose between donald trump and his democratic party rival, joe biden. here's a preview. america isn'tjust a place. it's an idea. and the enduring power of the american dream is that it's universal, the craving for a better life. i'm the last mohican. donald trump said the dream was dying, and he'd make america great again. i know that we will win! they want to rob you of your hope. but how great is america now, as trump seeks re—election? the guy in the white house right now is crazier than a loon. i'll be reporting from arizona, america's backyard with mexico, and a state now threatening to back the democrats after voting for donald trump in 2016. i'll explore policies
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on immigration... the worst of the worst is coming through this area. ..on race... the hearts of people have held on to relics of the past. ..and covid—19. people are dying here in the camp? yeah. yeah, every day. as america chooses a president... # this is america. # don't catch you slippin' now. # look what i'm whippin' now...# frank bough, one of the most famous faces on british television for more than 20 years, has died aged 87. bough joined the bbc in the ‘60s and for two decades was a household name presenting a range of programmes, from sport to breakfast tv. however, his career was stopped in its tracks in 1988 after a newspaper exposed that he had taken drugs and attended sex parties. he died last wednesday in a care home —
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but no further details have been released. british formula one driver lewis hamilton has claimed a record—breaking 92nd f1 victory at the portuguese grand prix. the six—time world champion has now surpassed ferrari racing legend michael schumacher‘s previous record — something many thought would never be done. hamilton finished the race ahead of his team—mate valterri bottas and red bull driver max verstappen. before we go — a reminder of our top story. we wa nt we want to show you the live pictures coming in from the capital of chile, santiago. as you can see and hear, celebrations after what appears to bea celebrations after what appears to be a huge vote in favour of changing the country's constitution. we have official but partial results at the moment showing 77% of people wa nt moment showing 77% of people want a new charter, changing
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that constitution written back in 1980 under the dictator general pinochet. just the beginning, though. we will keep you up—to—date. thanks for watching bbc news. hello there. i'm sure you don't need me to tell you it was a very wet weekend. persistent rain on saturday gave way to hefty showers on sunday. you can see those speckled shower clouds on our earlier satellite picture spinning around an area of low pressure. now, behind me, we have ex—hurricane epsilon, and that is going to continue to drift its way northwards. not a hurricane any more, but still an extremely deep area of low pressure. and this is going to drive further outbreaks of rain in ourdirection. some very brisk winds at times, although be thankful that the centre of the storm is staying well out to sea because gusts of wind in the centre of that storm will get quite close to 100 mph or even more. nothing that windy here, but it will be fairly blustery this week, with rain at times. turning a bit milder later in the week after a rather cool start.
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so, through monday, it's another day of sunshine and showers. those showers initially most plentiful in the west, but i think they'll tend to migrate eastwards through the day. some of them heavy with a chance of hail and thunder. something drier developing, though, through northern ireland, wales, the south west. not as many showers here by the end of the day. it stays fairly windy the further south you are, but further north, those winds ease, particularly across scotland. a fairly cool feel to the weather, though. ten degrees for lerwick, for stornoway. 1a the top temperature in plymouth. now, as we move out of monday and into tuesday, our area of low pressure from the weekend, that finally spins away. the showers fade. a little temporary ridge of high pressure builds its way in, so that's going to calm things down for a time through the early hours of tuesday. could be the odd fog patch. it will be quite a chilly start to tuesday, but that calmer interlude doesn't last long. you can see this rain already splashing into the west through the first part of the day, and this band of heavy rain will then push its way eastwards.
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again we'll have some blustery winds, and those winds travelling a long way across the atlantic are going to whip up some very rough seas. there could be some big waves crashing into western coastal areas. northern scotland likely to hold onto some brightness through the day, 10—15 degrees. and then as we head into wednesday, this deep area of low pressure continues to spin to the north—west. it'll feed further showers or longer spells of rain across the british isles. it stays unsettled towards the end of the week, but temperatures climb. 18—19 in the south on friday.
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this is bbc news, the headlines. initial results in chile's referendum suggest people have voted in favour of changing the country's constitution — which was drafted under the former military dictator augusto pinochet. partial results show more than 77 % of people want a new charter. the vote was called after anti—government protests last year. coronavirus measures are hardening across europe — as countries struggle with rising infections. spain's prime minister has announced a national emergency and imposed a night—time curfew. all bars and restaurants in italy will close from six pm on monday. and france has seen a record number of cases. the belarusian president — alexander lu kashenko — has defied an ultimatum set by the opposition which called on him to step down orface a general strike.

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