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tv   BBC News  BBC News  October 27, 2020 3:00am-3:31am GMT

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welcome to bbc news. my name's mike embley. our top stories: the ays are 52, the nays are 48. the nomination of amy coney barrett of indiana to be an associate justice of the supreme court of the united states is confirmed. in a major victory for donald trump, amy coney barrett is confirmed as a justice on the us supreme court. she took her oath of office at a ceremony at the white house where she explained her legal principles. it is the job of a judge to resist her policy preferences. it would be a dereliction of duty for her to give into them. tracking the trump wall — we report from arizona on the role immigration is playing in the presidential campaign. a call for europe to step up its battle
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against coronavirus as some hospitals in belgium ask infected staff without symptoms to carry on working. and why patches of hidden water could boost plans to build a permanent base on the moon. the newest member of the us supreme court, justice amy coney barrett, has been sworn into office at a white house ceremony. she is president trump's third appointment to the nation's top court, and cements a conservative majority on the bench. the republican—majority senate voted largely along party lines, as expected, to confirm her to the lifetime post. she is 48. the democrats had accused the republicans of hypocrisy for confirming a newjustice so close to an election, when they had refused to consider president obama's nominee back in 2016.
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this is the moment judge barrett's appointment was confirmed by the senate. on this vote, the ays are 52, the nays are 48. the nomination of amy coney barrett of indiana to be an associate justice of the supreme court of the united states is confirmed. events then moved swiftly to the swearing in ceremony on the white house lawn. president trump described ms barrett as a towering intellect and her appointment as a momentous day for america. justice barrett was sworn in by the longest serving supreme courtjustice, clarence thomas. and that i will well and faithfully discharge... the duties of the office on which i'm about to enter... the duties of the office on which i am about to enter... so help me god. my fellow americans, even though we judges
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don't face elections, we still work for you. it is your constitution that establishes the rule of law and the judicial independence that is so central to it. the oath that i have solemnly taken tonight means at its core that i will do myjob without any fear or favour and that i will do so independently of both the political branches and of my own preferences. i love the constitution and the democratic republic that it establishes and i will devote myself to preserving it. thank you. our correspondent, lebo diseko, told us how important this supreme court appointment could be for the president's election campaign. we've just had a statement from the trump campaign actually saying justice amy coney barrett is a reminder to millions of americans why they voted
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for president trump in the first place. she's now the third conservative justice appointed to the supreme court and you will remember that donald trump had promised conservative voters that he would appoint more justices that aligned with their thinking to the supreme court. he has done that. he has now appointed or nominated a third of the justices on that court which is really, really historic. people may be wondering, the democrats really had no chance of resisting this in the senate. the republicans had a majority. if they won the election, the democrats could fight back against this, couldn't they? they could rule that there should be more justices on the supreme court, impose term limits on the people who are there, they are noticably very reluctant to be drawn on this at the moment. why? this is the question that, as you say, the democrats and, in particular, joe biden have tried not to answer
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at the moment. initially when he was asked about it, joe biden said i will tell you after the election. now he is saying what he would do is appoint a special bipartisan commission to review what they might do, but lots of people, maybe on the more progressive side of the democrats, are really angry and they do want the party to come out and say, yes, we would appoint more supreme courtjustices, we'd extend the number ofjustices on the court. the other thing they could do is set term limits. interestingly, that is more difficult to do than expanding the number ofjustices on the court. just briefly, very notable, almost no masks in evidence at that event despite the super spreader event held to celebrate her nomination. and the person that was not present at the white house was the vice president, mike pence, and that is because, as i'm sure you'll know, a number of his staff have been diagnosed with coronavirus and i suppose lots of people
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will look at that and think it is really emblematic of the approach that this administration has taken towards the virus. we've seen a rising number, a daily peak record number on friday of more than 80,000 people diagnosed in one day and rising numbers of hospitalisations, too. as many of you have pointed out, many masks in the crowd, not all been won in the medically suggested manner, but none among the principal guests. in other news, the world health organization has called for europe to "seriously accelerate" its fight against coronavirus. a string of countries have reported record increases in cases, led by france, which registered more than 50,000 daily infections for the first time. the who's emergencies expert mike ryan said europe now accounts for 46% of global cases and every citizen needs to take responsibility: if every individual did everything today to reduce
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their exposure to this virus and reduce the chance that they may expose others to this virus and if every individual did that through physical distancing, through wearing masks, through ensuring they avoid crowded spaces, through hand hygiene, and they were supported in doing that and if every person who was a contact or who knows themselves to be a contact of a case was to quarantine themselves and be supported in that by government, then we would have significant success as has been demonstrated in many countries in containing this virus. the lockdowns and all these huge measures are in effect a replacement for what is a comprehensive approach to containing, controlling this virus and mitigating its impact. several hospitals in the belgian city of liege have asked doctors and nurses who test positive for covid—i9 to carry on working if they have no symptoms. 0ur correspondent in brussels gavin lee told us the health system in the city is overwhelmed:
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that is the state of crisis point that hospitals in the wallonia region around liege have got to, to say that they have no other choice. i was in one of the hospitals just a few days ago, montlegia hospital in the centre of liege. they had quadrupled the size of the wards in the space of a week of covid patients and basically by saying to everybody else, all nonurgent surgeries to leave and that they had to cancel so they could maximise space. and they say, that one particular hospital, within about 2—3 days‘ time, they will collapse, they will not be able to cope. so what you're looking at now is ten hospitals in that position are saying to — well, they're basically looking at the amount of staff off sick. 25% of doctors and nurses are now off sick with coronavirus. on top of that, there is about 10% of staff who have tested positive in the past few days, they are asymptomatic. all of those hospitals are saying "you have no choice, "we are giving you no choice, you have to come in and work."
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the czech government is to introduce a nighttime curfew in order to try to bring down the number of new infections. from midnight on tuesday, for a week, people will not be allowed to leave the house between 9pm and 5am unless they're going to work or attending to urgent medical or family matters. all shops will also be closed on sundays. lockdown measures are being toughened because the number of infections is rising sharply. thousands of thai protesters demanding reform of the monarchy have marched to the german embassy in bangkok to try to put pressure on king maha vajiralongkorn, who spends much of his time in germany. they described themselves as "human beings, not dust" in reference to a thai expression that people are but dust under the king's feet. thailand's prime minister has said the country needs to bring what he described as "illegal protests" under control. security officers in belarus have arrested several hundred people taking part in the first day of a general strike aimed at forcing president lukashenko from office.
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some private businesses closed. a number of state workers halted production and students protested. but a government minister said the strikes had caused no economic damage. mark lobel reports. the protesters‘ latest move — to paralyse the country with strikes, urged on by exiled opposition politician svetla na ti kha novs kaya to topple, in their eyes, an illegitimate president. the strike action spread to several cities across belarus, students taking to the streets almost three months after a disputed election. translation: first, we have to address the freedom problem and then it will be possible to get a good education because until we have solved the country's problems, how can we study? translation: we want just one thing, the man who rules our country, who pronounced himself the king or tzar, to leave us alone. we want competent people to lead our country and for our economy to grow.
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translation: perhaps there isjust no peaceful way. i don't know. it's a horrible thing to say, but probably only resistance fighters can help us. as the government insisted businesses weren't affected, masked officers dragged people away, the security services warning the protesters they may be treated as terrorists. the authorities are really afraid of this form of protest. it seems this is the only form which really works. i think this is perhaps the only way right now. there is no possibility to organise a dialogue within belarus. the strike came a day after police fired stun grenades and detained scores of the tens of thousands of protesters taking part in the 11th straight weekend of rallies... as well as hunting down some
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in their apartments. official media insisted president lukashenko was at work as normal on monday with a busy week ahead of him. the stand—off continues. stay with us on bbc news — still to come: fashion — is it a line or a circle? the new exhibition that explores the history of design.
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this is bbc news. the latest headlines: in a major victory for donald trump, amy coney barrett is confirmed as a justice on the us supreme court. she took her oath of office at a ceremony at the white house where she stressed the importance of judicial independence.
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let's stay with this story now. joining me now from houston, texas is geoffrey corn. he's professor of law at south texas college of law. very good to talk to you. thank you very much indeed for your time. you have probably heard the justice seeing it is the job of a judge to resist her policy preferences, it would be a dereliction of duty to give into them, clearly trying to address much of the nervousness that people opposed to her appointment have. what did you make of it? listen, ithink appointment have. what did you make of it? listen, i think we have to be careful. obviously, a judge should not make decisions based on her own or his own personal policy preferences, but what most people are concerned with is herjudicial philosophy, her original list view of interpreting the constitution, which doesn't view the constitution as an evolving document with evolving rights based on changes of society, so i think that was a bit of a figleaf but it wasn't particularly significant to assuage the concerns of so many
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americans about the direction of this court. this all matters, of course, because whoever wins this election, who wins the election after that, the court can help steer the direction of the country for a generation and she may, of course, be one of the justices who has to decide who is the next president. the impact of the supreme court of the united states on our society is profound. it is something that many americans do not fully comprehend. of course, people in the profession and in politics understand it, and, yes, she will have the ability to tip the scale in favour of decisions that really align with the republican philosophy, evenif with the republican philosophy, even if there is a mandate of democratic lawmakers to lead the nation. if the democrats win the white house, if they win the white house, if they win the white house, if they win the senate as well, they could push back against this, couldn't they? i think they couldn't they? i think they could impose term limits on existing justices or bring more
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justices onto the court. they are quite reluctant to commit to that. what's going on there? it is premature. tinkering with the size of the supreme court isa the size of the supreme court is a very drastic change in the structure of american democracy, so to speak. i do not think it is something that can't be done, but i think that we do have to see how the court's jurisprudence evolves. supreme court justices have surprised people over the years and even the republicans are souring on chiefjustice john roberts because he has become much more moderate in many of his opinions, so i think the democrats are going to montecito things evolve, but one thing is clear, if they win control of congress and the senate and the white house, they are going to be pushing a legislative agenda and it is going to be interesting to see how thejudiciary going to be interesting to see how the judiciary reacts to that agenda. professor, thank you very much indeed. thank you. now let's stay with the us presidential election. and this week, in a series
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of special reports from the key state of arizona, clive myrie will be looking at some of the issues preoccupying voters, as they make their choices. millions of them, of course, already have. he starts today with illegal immigration and president trump's signature promise to build a wall along the border with mexico. the heavens were no barrier to american idealism. but, on earth, how best to protect what it means to be american? a nation of settlers that, for some, is turning on outsiders. as america votes, immigration is high on the ballot. build the wall! the biggest beneficiary maybe happens to be arizona. that wall, how good is the wall? it is the iconic idea of trump's america. and this... cowboys and big skies, part of the iconography of america. all right, all right, guys, 0k. bill mcdonald's ranch
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in arizona is just a few miles from the border with mexico. illegal immigration and drug trafficking are live issues here, yet for him, a republican, billions spent on a border wall is a waste of money. people think, well, you build a wall, you've solved a problem. they've already got saws that cut through that wall. you can do it with technology and do it just as well. it's political, he made a promise, he was determined to keep it. he thought, if he kept it, he'd get re—elected. it's the only reason he does anything. i'm not crazy about everybody that crosses the border, but i'm not crazy about everybody that already lives here either. i mean, there are good people and bad people in all stripes. but secure borders are a necessity. we saw drug cartel spotters across the wall in mexico, checking if the coast is clear to send over human mules. these ones went that way, so yesterday i followed these guys... tim foley often spots them too, videoing the mules camouflaged with their backpacks of drugs. from his remote base
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in southern arizona, he leads a group of armed volunteers that patrols the border. is the wall making america great again? it's making it safer. tim represents a strain of american patriotism donald trump tapped into, giving up everything he knew in san francisco to come to arizona. why are you involved? what is it about this situation that gets you angry? i didn't trust the government or the media to tell the actual truth of what was going on. some apple sauce... but what is the truth? there's another group of volunteers on the border. they are from a charity that leaves water and food supplies for people crossing over from mexico, asylum seekers fleeing persecution and migrant families with children reaching for a better life. in this one area, the remains of 181 people have been found this year.
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you see young... young people, old people, you see everybody. and you see their families. the families just reach out to us, desperately looking for their loved ones. it's an unimaginable pain and anguish. donald trump's wall speaks to us all. we project on the barrier our own values. this election sees millions of americans casting their votes, in line with who they believe they really are. let's round up some more news for you. up to 78 people are reported to have been killed in russian air strikes in northern syria. the attacks are said to have targeted a training base for turkish—backed militia fighters in the province of idlib. the strikes put at risk a ceasefire in the province, brokered and monitored
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by russia and turkey, which back opposing sides in the war. thousands of people have blocked roads in cities across poland in the fifth consecutive day of protests against a court ruling introducing a near total ban on abortion. demonstrations took place in 50 polish cities, despite coronavirus restrictions which ban gatherings of more than five people. nasa has announced that there could be even more water on the surface of the moon than previously thought. hidden pockets of ice might cover the surface, patches which may have gone without any sunlight for billions of years. the discovery could be a boost for plans to build a permanent base on the moon, as our science correspondent victoria gill explains. we're right where we wanted to be for station two. it looks like a great place. half a century since humans set foot on its surface, we've mapped every boulder and crater. but a series of discoveries that nasa revealed today have shown that the moon's surface has been hiding an abundant supply of water. one of the discoveries comes from a telescope onboard a modified boeing 747. by flying above 99%
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of the earth's atmosphere, it has a clearer view of the solar system. this infrared telescope was able to detect the signature of water molecules on the lunar surface. in another simultaneously published discovery, researchers mapped shadowed areas called cold traps, where frozen water might be stored permanently. what these papers are telling us is that, actually, that the water could be trapped in slightly more easier to access areas that aren't so hazardous. and this is really important, especially if we want to send crewed missions to the moon. and it gives us slightly more options in terms of where we can go and making sure that it's safe for all those involved. to go farther, we must be able to sustain missions of greater distance and duration... these discoveries will be a boost for nasa's plan to send the first woman and the next man to the moon by 2024. because while the apollo missions already took humans there and back, future missions will aim to establish a base there as a gateway to explore the rest of the solar system.
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the next generation of crewed missions to the moon are going to have to be far more sustainable, so that means finding and learning to use natural resources, particularly water, that's already there. plans to return to the moon are already in progress. but these discoveries raise the tantalising possibility that our natural satellite isn'tjust somewhere to visit but a place to stay. new york's metropolitan museum of art is marking its 150th anniversary. as part of the celebrations, it's putting on an exhibition about the changing nature of fashion. about time: fashion and duration explores the idea that design can be both linear and cyclical. the bbc‘s tim allman explains. in the world of fashion, everything is new and everything stays the same. look at these dresses. some of them are more than 100 years old. some are much more recent.
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this giant pendulum represents the passage of time and the evolution of design. instead of staging a masterworks show, we wanted to, in a way, i suppose have a show that is a meditation on temporality and fashion, in a way. archive: what could be smarter than this dress with diamante effect on collar and cuffs and a pleated skirt? artistically designed, it costs only £3, 17 and six. fashion is and always has been a hugely important and lucrative business. it has fascinated men and women throughout the decades. almost all the dresses here are in black to emphasise the change in silhouette, paying tribute to the famous and not so famous. part of the show is also looking at designers, well—known designers like john galliano, but less designers who have been sort of written out of fashion history
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because they're not so well—known and they didn't maintain their business. who else do you invite to a show like this than anna wintour, editor in chief at vogue? the exhibition runs until early next year, showcasing the spectacular, the unusual and the timeless. a reminder of our top story.... the newest member of the us supreme court, justice amy coney barrett, has been sworn into office at a white house ceremony. she is president trump's third appointment to the nation's top court, and cements a conservative majority on the bench. the republican—majority senate voted largely along party lines, as expected, to confirm her to the lifetime post. she is 48. the democrats had accused the republicans of hypocrisy for confirming a newjustice so close to an election, when they had refused to consider president obama's nominee, back in 2016.
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that was even further out from an election. hello there. a pretty powerful jet stream will be racing across the atlantic for much of this week, generated by some big temperature contrasts across the united states. so that's going to bring areas of low pressure to our shores, bringing rain and gales and huge waves crashing up against some western coastlines. but it will be turning milder towards the end of the week, particularly across the south. this very deep area of low pressure contains the remnants of what was hurricane epsilon, extending a weather front out in our direction. some fairly strong winds as well. to start the day, tuesday, for northern ireland, wales, the south—west of england, this band of rain will continue to journey its way eastwards. a bright and chilly start across northern and eastern areas before the cloud and the rain arrives, though not reaching the far north—east of scotland and the northern isles until after dark. behind it, skies will brighten, sunshine, some heavy showers, but it will be blustery
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with winds 35, 40 miles an hour across the south. 14 degrees or so here, chilly across the north and east after that cool start. as we head through tuesday night, it's going to be a blustery one, strong winds in the west and lots of showers, some of these will tend to be heavier. but central and eastern areas again turning drier with clear skies. those temperatures range from 5 to around 8 or 9 celsius. this area of low pressure will continue to dominate the central north atlantic. got a long fetch of strong winds across the north atlantic and that's going to bring some very big waves to western areas, in excess of 10 metres across the west of ireland. so some dangerous coastlines to be walking on across the west through the course of wednesday. so, take care for that. the day will be another one of sunshine and showers, blustery, heavy showers at that, may be some hail and thunder mixed in, probably the best of any brightness will be towards the east. those temperatures on the cool side, 10 to 13 celsius. another low pressure system races up from the south—west
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to our shores on thursday, that's going to bring another round of pretty heavy rain this time, i think heavier rain for northern and western areas. some strong winds, perhaps touching gale force. the rainfall totals really will be mounting up across parts of south—west scotland and north—west england, northern and western wales. we could see some minor flooding here by the time we reach thursday and indeed friday. but some sunshine in the south and signs of things getting milder, in the mid teens celsius there. turns milder still on friday across the south, but it will stay quite wet across northern and western areas.
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this is bbc news. the headlines. amy coney barrett has been sworn in as a justice on the us supreme court, cementing a conservative majority on the nation's top court. as expected, the republican—controlled senate confirmed president trump's nominee by 52 votes to 48. it is his third appointment, and it is a lifetime appointment — amy coney barratt is 48. belgian officials are warning that the country risks going into a second lockdown due to a worrying increase in the number of coronavirus patients in hospital intensive care beds. ten hospitals have asked medics who've tested positive for covid 19 — but shown no symptoms — scientists at us space agency nasa say there's probably more water on the moon than previously thought. lunar researchers think there are many small patches of pristine ice — hidden in nooks and crannies on the moon's surface — that haven't been exposed


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