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tv   BBC News  BBC News  December 1, 2020 4:00am-4:31am GMT

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welcome to bbc news — my name is mike embley. our top stories: new scientific analysis say the goals of the paris climate agreement to eliminate climate change are within reach. as deforestation of the amazon rainforest in brazil reaches its highest level in a decade. joe biden announces nominations for top posts in his senior economic team — including janet yellen, who could become the first female us treasury secretary. authorities in south australia are preparing to reopen the border with victoria and greater sydney as the state records no new coronavirus cases in 2a hours. lockdowns have seen a surge in tv watching around the world. we see how the pandemic has changed things onset. 0h,
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we see how the pandemic has changed things onset. oh, my lord. everything's changed. first of all we have to be tested every single day. warm welcome to our viewers on pbs america and around the globe. new scientific analysis seen by the bbc suggests the goals from the paris climate agreement are coming within reach. the tracker study looks at the latest promises from countries including china as well as the plans of the us president—electjoe biden. from the uk's wettest february on record to raging wildfires in california. the fingerprints of climate change link to human activities have become increasingly clear this year. but efforts to curb greenhouse gasesis but efforts to curb greenhouse gases is the root cause of
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global warming has so far had limited impact. when countries are signed the agreement in 2015, they undertook to limit the rise of damages to well below two celsius this century. but when scientists added up all the pledges made to cut carbon, they mounted to around three degrees of warming by 2100 with potentially disastrous consequences for the planet. however, the last three months have seen some significant changes. china surprised the world by announcing at the un that they would aim for net zero carbon emissions by 2060. while president—electjoe biden has promised that the us will achieve the same goal ten years earlier. taken together, these steps would limit the warming to 2.1 degrees, much close to the paris goal. the scientists who have carried out this analysis say it is a significant step. you can argue about the exact figures but the trend is very clear. we are moving in the right direction and we can clearly see that more and more countries are
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taking it seriously and put a very serious targets on the table. researchers say there are still many difficulties, particularly the absence of short—term plans and governments that reflect their long—term promises. but despite the bad news, this analysis suggests that the efforts to ta ke suggests that the efforts to take it climate change are beginning to bearfruit. just as news emerges that deforestation of the amazon ra i nfo rest deforestation of the amazon ra i nforest in deforestation of the amazon rainforest in brazil has reached its highest level in more than a decade, according to satellite data recorded by the country public space agency, more than 11,000 square kilometres were destroyed in the year to july. kilometres were destroyed in the year tojuly. the area is seen as the year tojuly. the area is seen as crucial to slowing climate change because of the huge amounts of carbon dioxide it absorbs. let's speak to research fellow at melbourne university's climate and it does make climate and energy college. so much grim news for so college. so much grim news for so long. do you believe these
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more optimistic projections? yes, i think that to have some more optimistic news is very good but we need to remember that what this new report is telling us is with the potential pledge from a new ride and administration for net zero by 2050 and up to a 54% emission reduction target, we could be in line for meeting 2.1 degrees by the end of the century. that's actually not the paris agreement goals, that is for well below two degrees and heading towards 1.5 degrees, and that difference of half a degree really matters. and surely whatever humans do if we managed to do it, so much change is already locked in, isn't it? yes, a degree of changes are ready locked in. we are already at 1.1 degrees temperature rise and as we just heard in that report, it is already causing severe consequences around the globe. this is good news that there are serious targets from the us
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and china on the table to respond to climate change but the question that it begs that the question that it begs that the report doesn't answer, we need more action. there is still an ambition gap. who is going to do that action? the paris agreement gives us a guide to that and the answer is not put forward in this new report. do you think it is likely that the goals will be reach? that the targets will be achieved? i think at this stage, the paris agreement targets a re stage, the paris agreement targets are not on the table, they are not within reach and thatis they are not within reach and that is because countries like the us are still pledging well below what —— what would be theirfair below what —— what would be their fair share below what —— what would be theirfair share of below what —— what would be their fair share of emission reductions was it is important to understand that the paris agreement goal of well below two degrees is to be achieved the basis of equity and that means that all countries need to do theirfair share. wyden isa to do theirfair share. wyden is a suggesting up to a 54% emission reduction target —— biden. by 2030. in fact, the us climate action network has suggested that the fair international —— international share would be 55% and what that means in reality is the us
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would have to find action in poorer countries and would need to support and fund climate action internationally. unless those two things are on the table, both domestic emission reductions and climate finance for poorer countries, then we can't be in reach of the paris agreement goals. and some valet countries like australia where you are and also russia and brazil, have a long way to go. —— some countries like australia. yes, and one of the good news about the us putting a good target on the table is it would force australia to do the same. australia is currently not engaged in climate action at all. russia as well, although they have a reforestation that is taking up emissions, and accidental action. brazil, we have seen a real rollback of effort there where brazil had made huge effo rts where brazil had made huge efforts to reduce deforestation over the previous ten years since the olson aro administration has come in. a lot of the policies and
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protections for indigenous land rights in particular saw that the increase has been reserved —— reversed. —— bolsonaro was not brazil is a real worry. thank you, good to talk to you. i should tell you that a wednesday on bbc world news we haveit wednesday on bbc world news we have it special programme with climate campaigners around the world, putting the questions and concerns life to the united nations secretary general. that isa nations secretary general. that is a state of the planet 1600 gmt on wednesday. that is 11am in new york, 5pm in paris, 930 in the evening in delhi. the us president—electjoe biden has announced his nominations for his senior economic team. most of the positions are going to women. they include the former head of the federal reserve janet yellen who has officially been nominated us treasury secretary. it is the first time a woman has held the post. the economist claudia some worked with janet yellen at the federal reserve. janet yellen is memorable. i worked with her
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when she was the vice chair at the federal reserve and when she was at the chair and i work very closely with her as she has been the president of the american economics association. she is absolutely the most qualified person to be secretary of the treasury. i'm really excited that she is going to be taking on that role. it is true when you are heading the fed, i'm sure, but certainly true in her current job. it is notjust economics, is it? it is politics. the decision you taken these jobs can have a big impact on the president. absolutely. now, janet yellen was the chair of the council of economic advisers decorate —— decades ago. so she is not foreign to the political sphere, and some may not believe it, but the federal reserve were now making big policy decisions which is exactly what she was overseeing in her tenure as chair, there isa in her tenure as chair, there is a lot of politics. going on within the board and a lot of working with congress. and testifying and pounding the pavement on the hill. so this is absolutely a more political
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position and she brings experience and skills in this area as well as being amazing at economics. what particular experience and interest and skills? in terms of, no other individual has led the three major economic policy—making institutions. the council of economic advisers, the federal reserve , economic advisers, the federal reserve, and now she will be at treasury. that speaks volumes about the skills she has is a policy maker, the good decisions she has made. she is not perfect, she does not have a crystal ball, i know no—one who works hard and is more diligent and more thoughtful. she wants people to she listens and she adds. she is very much and she adds. she is very much a leader and one of the things that made it such an honour to work for her at the federal reserve in addition to learning so reserve in addition to learning so much macro policy was that she truly inspired her staff, including myself, to bring everything that they could, and a leader cannot do it all out
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if they have everyone working in the same direction doing the best they can, you can accomplish a lot in this administration is going to need to really bring its a game. administration is going to need to really bring its a gamelj to really bring its a game.|j knew that she moved the policy at the fed away from inflation to maximise employment was not what you might call a second of its priorities. she also won a lot of praise for paying —— paying attention to disadvantaged groups. and it is important to get the context. janet yellen's emphasis on the labour market, workers, marginalised groups, goes all the way back to the beginning of her economic —— academic curriculum she has been working very ha rd curriculum she has been working very hard at it —— at her time as an academic and in her many yea rs of as an academic and in her many years of economic policy positions to push the dialogue on we have to do better for workers four. we have to have a labour market that gives eve ryo ne labour market that gives everyone an opportunity. it is exciting if you look at the whole arc of her career to see how much she has moved the
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policy conversation. this was not an easy task at the federal reserve. the job is not an easy task at the federal reserve. thejob is not done and yet she put in motion some real progress that is going to mean something for millions of americans. the government of colophon —— the governor of california gavin newsom said he may impose —— the most populous county has already taken a first step towards lockdown. gavin newsom said intensive care emissions are on track to succeed capacity statewide by mid december unless people change their habits. peter bowes gave us their habits. peter bowes gave us this update from la. it isa it is a dire situation across california but especially in los angeles county where the number of coronavirus cases has quadrupled over the last few
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weeks was not the number of people being admitted to hospital, the number of deaths ona hospital, the number of deaths on a daily basis, has tripled during the same time period. and the governor is taking this action not only with reference to los angeles county but statewide because the number of beds occupied by patients in intensive care units statewide is about 75% at the moment. that is a mixture of regular patients and covert patients but it is moving perilously higher and that is why there is such concern. as higher and that is why there is such concern. as we move towards christmas, we're just coming out of one american holiday period where people decided to travel, against the advice they were given. they have just come advice they were given. they havejust come home advice they were given. they have just come home and there isa have just come home and there is a strong likelihood that some of those people might have been infected by the coronavirus on their travels, approaching another holiday period when again people tend to move around so there is a considerable amount of time that people haven't been taking notice of the advice they have been given and the number of hospital beds could exceed the
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demand in the next few days. just briefly, peter, a big picture question. the president's pandemic advisor scott adler is standing downfall of a man who has taken a lot of, no training in epidemiology, taken fire from dr fauci and this head of the cdc and his former colleagues at stanford. yes, he has been widely criticised last week, as you say, sanctioned by his collea g u es you say, sanctioned by his colleagues at stanford where he isa colleagues at stanford where he is a seniorfellow colleagues at stanford where he is a senior fellow for taking the views that he has expressed on many occasions as a member of the coronavirus task force. he is also a member —— familiar speaker on fox news, views that seem speaker on fox news, views that seem to go against medical thinking about the coronavirus. not encouraging people to socially distance, not encouraging people to wear a mask. it should be said that when he was criticised by his own colleagues at stanford, he responded and said that actually those media reports as he put it went accurate and he
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said that he had in fact encouraged people to socially distance and to wear masks. but that said, he has now resigned. as one of the president's senior advisors was a bit is certainly true he was very close to president trump where he had become distant to other members of the coronavirus task force. peter bowes for us there in la. let cosmic ride up more of the news. ——let‘s get some of the day's other news. wisconsin and arizona have become the latest states to certinyoe biden's victory in the presidential election. all six states where republicans were contesting the results have now certified a victory for the democrats. mr trump has suffered more than 30 court defeats. his campaign paid for a partial recount in wisconsin that only added to mr biden's lead. reports from ethiopia's tigray region say more than 4,000 government soldiers who'd been held captive have been freed. local officials said they were detained when tigrayan troops loyal to the tplf attacked a federal military base, triggering more than three weeks of fighting. armenia has handed back the last of three districts it
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agreed to return to azerbaijan as part of a peace deal to end the conflict in nagorno—karabakh. the azeri defence ministry said its forces had entered lachin. armenia had controlled the area for nearly three decades. officials in selangor have announced an enquiry into a ride at a prison where eight inmates died. guides —— guards opened fire on sunday. they damaged a perimeter fence and pa rt damaged a perimeter fence and part of the prison was set alight, causing extensive damage. stay with us on bbc news. still to come: talk show host sharon osbourne tells us how tv shows have changed in the face of the coronavirus pandemic. it's quite clear that the worst victims of this disaster are the poor people living in the slums which have sprung up around the factory. i am feeling so helpless that the children are dying in front of me and i
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can't do anything. charles manson is the mystical leader of the hippie cult suspected of killing sharon tate and at least six other people in los angeles. at 11am this morning, just half a metre of rock separated britain from continental europe. it took the drills just a few moments to cut through the final obstacle. then philippe cozette, a minerfrom calais, was shaking hands and exchanging flags with robert fagg, his opposite number from dover. this is bbc news.
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good to have you with us on bbc news. the latest headlines: scientific analysis shows the paris claimant also within reach, even with the deforestation of the amazon ra i nfo rest deforestation of the amazon ra i nforest in deforestation of the amazon rainforest in brazil reaching its highest level in a decade. joe biden has announced top posts and his team, janet yellen who could become the first female us treasury secretary is tipped to join. authorities in,000 —— in south australia have reopened the border with greater sydney and victoria, recording no new cases of coronavirus in the past 2a hours. phil mercer told me the relaxation is an important milestone. the state of queensland is reopening now to the whole of new south wales and the state of victoria. this is the first time, mike, in more than 250 days that queensland's borders have been fully opened. as you say, other restrictions in other parts of
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the country are now being lifted also. in the last hour 01’ so we lifted also. in the last hour or so we have heard from the western australian state government and they are to reopen its borders with victoria and new south wales in one week time. many internal borders in the country were closed in an attempt to curb the spread of covid—19. it was not uniformly —— universally popular. the federal government says those borders —— border closures were says those borders —— border closures we re u nnecessa i’y however state and territory leaders were adamant they needed to protect their populations and if you look at australia's numbers, this is a country that has recorded about 28,000 coronavirus cases, just over 900 people have died, but we understand there are just over 60 active coronavirus cases across the entire country. so australia is now opening up, fragmentation brought by covid—19 is being eased and australia now is looking forward to what is being described here, mike, as
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a covert normal christmas but of course this is a country that can ill afford to rest on its laurels, the authorities say, that the big danger is now apathy and complacency —— covid normal. phil mercer for us in sydney. iran says it believes israel and an exiled opposition group used a remote controlled weapon to shoot dead a top iranian nuclear scientist. ransomware attack in maryland meant all pupils to —— learning when i —— meant all pupils to —— learning when i —— ransomware meant all pupils to —— learning when i —— ransomware attack imp stu d e nts when i —— ransomware attack imp students in marilyn learning remotely meant that they could no longer study. schools will remain shut until wednesday. ireland's taoiseach michael martins is british and eu negotiators have the options in front of them to conclude a brexit free trade deal this week. he went on to say there
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isa landing week. he went on to say there is a landing zone for an agreement but it will require political will to conclude the deal. he has expressed hope at the beginning of last week that the beginning of last week that the outline of a trade deal would be agreed within days. french lawmakers are rewriting a controversial clause in a security bill that would have made it an offence to share pictures of the police online maliciously. critics say it could have stopped people exposing police brutality. paul hawkins has more. images which have shocked france. a black music producer beaten in his own studio by police officers followed him for not wearing a mask. they are now under criminal investigation for assault over the beating of michel zecler in paris. he was never charged after 48 hours in police custody. he says he was racially abused. the investigation coming after mass demonstrations across france when footage of the incident was made public. footage that may have been illegal under a controversial part of a new
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security bill that was about to become law. it is called article 24 and it makes it a criminal offence to publish images of an police officer with the intent of harming their physical psychological integrity. in other words, to protect them from harassment or targeting on social media. addicts that it stops media freedom and the right of citizens to film the police. in other words, to scrutinise alleged police brutality and racism. so now, this u—turn from the french government. translation: we propose a com plete translation: we propose a complete rewriting of article 24. we know that it does still persist and we need to extinguish the doubt and when such a lack of understanding continues to intensify, in such a fundamental subject, we have a fundamental subject, we have a duty to question ourselves collect leave. just hours after announcing the u—turn came this defence of article 24 from the french interior minister. translation: my deep conviction on what the government thinks
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is that we should absolutely keep what has become the foundation. i believe of the protection of police officers and guardsmen bring police operations. they are not sufficiently protected. i share my total discussed of all acts that could have been an act of discrimination and notable acts of racism. but a small peak into the sociology of the police will show you that it is still an extremely open body. president macron is said to be furious at the way his government has handled the row over the security bill. demanding quick government proposals to rebuild trust between police and the people. but will rewriting the article be enough to quell public anger? the devil as ever will be in the detail. paul hawkins, bbc news. lockdown has brought a surge in tv watching and online streaming of course but how tricky is it to feed the appetite for content in the entertainment industry is trying to navigate
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production through the restrictions of a global pandemic. it is so good to see you and as you see we have our small but mighty audience. 12 people and 18 people at home. in the world of tv, this is the new normal in 2020. in most parts of the world, public health officials have been urging drastic social distancing measures for almost ten months now. and it has had a huge impact on tv production. 0h, a huge impact on tv production. oh, my lord, everything has changed! i mean, first of all we have to be tested every single day, they have a big testing place here. all the crew and you know all the talent go to every day to be tested. constantly, everybody on the crew has to wear masks and the comic you know, the visor thing. with many productions halted in social distancing measures in place, there have been massivejob cuts. at least 100,000 jobs i
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thought to have been lost from the industry. more if you think wider. and that is not even when you talk about the corporate jobs that are being lost at disney and fire, cbs, tens of thousands ofjobs potentially gone. it comes at a time when entertainment has never been more in demand. subscription services like netflix and amazon prime for millions of new signups this year. action! and some production houses heavily in technology to help them carry on making content. either it is robotic cameras so that you can send a camera somewhere to do, to film someone so there does not have to be anywhere in their home on a settle someone doesn't have to travel to a stage or evenjust doesn't have to travel to a stage or even just software are developing but to keep on top of all of the testing because they can be thousands of thousands of tests that are production needs to do. and we also have our virtual friends. but while we might be getting more used to seeing virtual audiences and guests, hunt the
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things, things are still far from normal. —— behind the scenes. south korea has criticised china over false reports that it one global certification for its production of kimchi. the hallowed dish made with fermented vegetables is hugely popular of course across south korea. last week a global industry standards body posted new regulations on making the chinese blend of salted and fermented vegetables called al-qaeda, prompting some in beijing's media to post their product is now more popular than kimchi. a recipe for trouble! before we go, with christmas fast approaching, these guys were fast approaching. more than 150 sa ntas to approaching. more than 150 santas to the nerang river on the gold coast in queensland, swapping theirflow the gold coast in queensland, swapping their flow for jetskis and breaking a new world record for it. it's hundreds of participants in festive costu mes, participants in festive costumes, breaking the previous record for the most on jetskis, and hundred and 29. the event raised more than $10,000 for
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children's charities. that's it for now. thanks so much for watching. hello there. we've started this week on a relatively quiet note. quite a lot of grey, gloomy weather around, too, although scotland didn't fare too badly with some sunshine. during the course of monday. but for the rest of this week, things are set to turn much colder and a lot more unsettled. as low pressure takes over, we'll see some rain, sleet and snow in places. now, we've got this ridge of high pressure building in early on tuesday. fairly strong winds down the east coast. a cold front which spreads southwards across the country during the overnight period allowed the skies to clear. a chilly start but bright with some very welcome sunshine across many parts of central southern, eastern parts of england, but cloud will be thickening up again, this time against northern and western areas into the afternoon. it's going to be a chilly day, pretty much wherever you are.
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but in the warmest spots out west and also in the sunny spots in the east, we could make nine or ten degrees. now, as we head through tuesday night, it looks like another front will start to push into northern and western areas. this is a cold front. on it there will be outbreaks of rain. ahead of it, quite a lot of cloud and another clear, chilly night in the south—east. the north—west will turn cooler with some blustery showers. as we head through wednesday, this cold front will slowly migrate southwards and east, introducing much colder air to the north and west of the uk. and very windy as well with gales in the north—west of scotland. it will be bright here with sunshine, blustery showers, some heavy across scotland and increasing wintry over the hills. but for england and wales. as the front swings south—east with, we'll see quite a bout of cloud with outbreaks of rain, confined to the south—east skies. behind it, it will brighten up here. that cold front clears through as we head on into thursday. low pressure takes over. it's going to be windy, outbreaks of rain — some of which could be quite
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heavy through thursday — especially across parts of england and wales. i think it's southern england and wales which could see the heavy strength of the day for that. could see some gales through the channel as well. further north a bit brighter spells of sunshine, a few showers but they will be wintry, even down to lower levels across scotland as temperatures range from three to around seven degrees, so feeling cold. on into friday, a big area of low pressure spirals across the country bringing further spells of strong winds and heavy rain. again, we could see the threat of some sleet and snow across some northern hills, perhaps even down to lower levels at times. and some of those heavier bursts. there will be a bit of sunshine here and there too. another cold day on the cards for all.
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in amazon rainforest in brazil reaches its highest level in a decade, new scientific analysis suggests that the paris climate agreement goals are within reach. the tracker study looks at the latest promises from countries such as china and the us. joe biden has announced nominations for top posts in his senior economic teams. many of the position is going to women because of this includes the former head of the central bank, federal reserve, janet yellen, who could be the first us treasury secretary female. the governor of california said he may impose tougher coronavirus restrictions in the next two days, including a possible stay—at—home order to try to counter a surge in cases was not gavin newsom ‘s as projections show intensive care unit emissions are on track to exceed capacity statewide and


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