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tv   BBC News  BBC News  December 6, 2020 11:00pm-11:31pm GMT

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this is bbc news with the latest headlines for viewers in the uk and around the world. the uk's chief negotiator is back in brussels for more brexit talks, but there are still some big stumbling blocks to be cleared, if a deal is to be reached. we're going to see what happens in negotiations today and we will be looking forward to meeting our european colleagues later on this afternoon. donald trump says his personal lawyer rudy giuliani has tested positive for coronavirus. growing up in a war zone — the children of yemen tell us what it's like to live through what's been described as the world's worst humanitarian disaster. and how a drive—through light show is helping brazilians celebrate the magic of christmas in the midst of a pandemic.
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hello and welcome if you're watching in the uk or around the world — do stay with me for the latest news and analysis from here and across the globe. we began in europe. negotiators for the uk and the eu have spent the day in last—ditch talks to try to secure a post—brexit trade deal. the head of the uk team, lord frost, said they were "working very hard" to reach an accord, although ireland's prime minister said things were on a knife edge. the uk left the eu at the beginning of the year, but the two sides have been talking for months now
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to try to agree a new -- it —— it has enjoyed... both sides are making different claims on signs of progress overfishing rights. two other main issues — competition rules and how a deal would be enforced — remain unresolved. our political correspondent chris mason reports. back in brussels, the uk's chief negotiator, lord frost, arriving for what's described on the british side as the last roll of the dice in trade talks with the eu. we've been working very hard to try and get a deal. we're going to see what happens in negotiations today and we will be looking forward to meeting our european colleagues later on this afternoon. thank you very much. there is frustration in government at what is seen as the eu's failure to understand the importance of the uk's new—found independence. we want to be doing a free trade
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agreement as a sovereign equal with the european union, and so anything that undermines our ability to control our own waters, for instance, or undermines our ability to make our own laws isn't something we can accept. tonight, eu sources suggest agreement could be near on fishing rights. a uk government source said there had been no such breakthrough and the issue of fair competition and how any agreement is enforced remain sticking points. as lord frost arrived at the european commission, he was reminded that the french are worried about not being able to catch as many fish. reporter: lord frost, what's your message to emmanuel macron? and supporters of the french government will tell anyone who will listen they'll say no to a deal they don't like. this is the framing of the relationship between the uk and the eu for years, decades, to come, and so we have to be absolutely convinced on both sides of the channel
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that it is the right framing for this relationship and if it is not, we shouldn't sign it. if there is a deal, parliament will be asked to endorse it. that's likely to be a formality, given borisjohnson‘s sizeable majority, but labour are divided about what to do. they regard no deal as a disaster but can't agree whether it would be wise to endorse any deal the government does. we'll have to look of course at the content of the deal, but also any legislation that comes upon. we're not going to give them a blank cheque, but i think i have been very clear, both today and on previous programmes with you, andrew, that the most important thing is the government get a deal. and tonight on that big question, the likelihood of a deal, a big player in the drama of brexit, the irish prime minister, said this. my gut instinct is that it's 50/50 right now. and i don't think one can be overly optimistic about a resolution emerging. and so there is still plenty
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to discuss in brussels. after the rows, the anger and the bitterness of the last four and a half years since the eu referendum, another crucial moment of decision beckons. that was our political correspondent chris mason. our europe editor katya adler has more on the conflicting reports over whether there has been progress on the issue of fishing quotas. you've had negotiators this afternoon inside the european commission building behind me, trying to thrash it out in what the uk's describing as the last roll of the dice in these negotiations. and just a few moments ago, i was hearing from some in the eu that a deal on fishing, one of the three key outstanding issues, was really nearly there. now, this has been strongly denied by the uk, and that is confusing. but at 11:55pm, with a deal with such at stake as this,
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it's not unusual to have mixed messaging like that. and what i'm also hearing is that on the other two outstanding issues between the two sides — that's the eu push to get the uk to sign up to what it calls fair competition rules, in order to get good access to its single market, and also, because there's very little trust, how to then enforce those rules or face stiff penalties for either side if they break them — well, on that issue, the two sides are still very far apart, because the uk says, after brexit, "we want to keep our national sovereignty, we want to be free to make up our own rules and regulations," and all of these then still are the issues that can make or break this deal. so we have another day of negotiations ahead of us, tomorrow. and after that, the prime minister and the president of the european commission, ursula von der leyen, will have another call to see where we are by then. katya adler reporting from brussels.
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donald trump's personal lawyer, rudi giuliani, has tested positive for coronavirus. the us president announced the news in a tweet, writing... there is no evidence of widespread fraud in the recent presidential election. our washington correspondent lebo diseko reports. he's one of donald trump's closest allies. now, rudy giuliani is the latest in the president's inner circle to be diagnosed with the coronavirus. he's been spearheading mr trump's efforts to overturn the results of november's election. this was him on wednesday at an election hearing in michigan, asking a witness to remove her mask. would you be comfortable taking your mask off so that people could hear you more clearly? but for all the bad news about coronavirus, on sunday, some hope — two vaccines to be reviewed
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in the next two weeks for emergency use. and they could be given out within days afterwards. what've we said is within 2a hours of fda green lighting with authorisation, we'll ship to all of the states and territories that we work with. and within hours, they can be vaccinating. health care workers and nursing home residents will be among the first to be immunised, then essential workers and, finally, the general public. we may start to see some impact on the most susceptible people probably in the month ofjanuary and february, but on a population basis, for our lives to start getting back to normal, we're talking about april or may. there's still a long and perilous road to travel. on sunday, warnings that the escalating surge in infections could be the most trying event in us history. the vaccine's critical, but it's not going to save us from this current surge. only we can save us from this current surge. and we know precisely what to do.
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so if you have loved ones that you want to protect, you have to follow these guidelines. all of this in a week where the us hit the grimmest of milestones, the highest ever new infections, hospitalisations and a life lost nearly every 30 seconds. lebo diseko, bbc news, washington. batches of the pfizer—biontech coronavirus vaccine have begun arriving at hospitals in england ahead of the first jabs being administered on tuesday. a senior health offical says it's the "beginning of the end" of the pandemic. the uk was the first country in the world to approve the use of the vaccine. our science editor david shukman reports. an unmarked van at croydon university hospital in south london with a delivery that could start to change the course of the pandemic. inside these boxes, the first vaccines for covid—i9. ingenious research is creating light
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at the end of the tunnel. this is so exciting, it's a momentous occasion. the nhs has been planning extensively to deliver the largest vaccination programme in our history. it is really exciting. the vaccines have to be stored at —70, only large hospitals can do that, so distribution is complicated and will take time. nhs staff around the country have been working tirelessly to make sure that we are prepared to commence vaccination on tuesday. this feels like the beginning of the end but, of course, it is a marathon, not a sprint, and it will take many months for us to vaccinate everybody who needs vaccination. so far, only the pfizer—biontech vaccine has been approved in the uk, so it is the one being used first. the roll—out of this vaccine will involve an operation on an extraordinary scale. there are something like 6.7 billion peoplejudged to be the highest priority. residents of care homes, for example, and the over—80s.
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so that requires 13.4 million doses because everybody has to have two doses. it is hoped there will be 800,000 available in the coming week or so, with up to 5 million by the end of the year. but however this pans out, it will be a huge challenge. production is slower than hoped at the pfizer plant in belgium after problems with raw materials. but other vaccines may come on stream soon, like the one by oxford university and astrazeneca now awaiting approval. the key factor in all of this is the readiness of the public to get vaccinated. the medicines regulator wants to reassure people. i would really like to emphasise that the highest standards of scrutiny, of safety, of effectiveness and quality have been met. international standards. so, this should be real confidence in the rigour of our approval.
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so, we're on the brink of the first big step out of the crisis. but there is a long way to go. david shukman, bbc news. let's talk about the invocations of this. i'm joined now by professor danny altmann. he's an immunologist at university college london. thanks very much for being with us on bbc news. we've heard a lot of people warning the british government not to overpromise and under deliver, because of some of the things it has talked about during the course of this year in fighting the coronavirus, practicalities have gotten way of the optimism. are theyjustified to be so optimistic about the arrival of this first batches of the vaccine? i really think so. i think, through a ghastly year, we've all tried to keep our end up by doing a little bit of overpromising, and this time, i really think it is the real thing. i think it is the beginning of the end. and with each million people that get immunised and have a higher level of protective antibodies on board, like
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full—field 18 a bit more normal. this is a massive logistical operation, would be in any country in the world, and will eventually be in all countries of the world. i suppose britain has certain advances, comprehensive health coverage free at the point of need, things that remove some of the other obstacles other countries might encounter. given all of those circumstances, how quickly do you think it will be possible to reach the sort of herd immunity level? what would that mean in terms of percentage of the population being vaccinated? on the first point, i think your point is complete the rate that i think we are all very proud of the nhs and, at moments like this when you're trying to plan logistics that are somewhere between the d—day landings and the moon landings, having a properjoint upheld service is really dynamite and puts us at great advantage compared to many other countries, so i hope we can deliver this well. and
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asi i hope we can deliver this well. and as i said, as the doses come online and they can be delivered, with each extra million people who get immunised, we will be a teeny bit closer to getting back to normal, but if you are member way back at the beginning, the calculations about herd immunity were saying that for the r number this virus has, we need somewhere between 70-80% of the virus has, we need somewhere between 70—80% of the publishing to be immune before we can be really properly collectively safe —— of the population. begin to give it of this rather than have it percolating in the background, so it means we have not got a large margin for error if there are people out there who are going to be vaccine averse or hesitant. somehow we have to reach them and convince them stop at that is —— convince them. -- convince them. that is a crucial point. if we get to those levels, is
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it reasonable to see something close to normality returning by the spring, in the spring? yeah come up to now, i have been very cautious and very reluctant to overpromise, and very reluctant to overpromise, and for the first time, i think at easter, we might beat shoulder to shoulder in the publican, ordering oui’ shoulder in the publican, ordering our planes and a little bit less terrified —— in the pub again, ordering our pints. there is nothing more to fear than fear itself, as franklin roosevelt said. danny altmann, thank you very much. you will be sending our uk audience to bed happier, ithink! the total number of people who've died in italy with coronavirus has now exceeded 60,000 — that's according to official figures published on sunday. italy was the first country in europe to be hit hard by the virus last february. after a recent upsurge in cases, just under 1,000 daily deaths were registered on thursday. that's led the government to ban travel between italian regions over christmas and new year.
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around 100 people have been arrested in athens for defying a stay—at—home order to prevent the spread of covid—19. students and left wing activists had gathered to mark the 12th anniversary of the death of a 15—year—old boy after he was shot by the police. officials in pakistan have called for an immediate inquiry into six coronavirus—related deaths at a hospital in peshawar which ran out of oxygen supplies. staff said supplies ran out late on saturday after a delivery of oxygen cylinders didn't happen. right, let's take a look at the headlines on bbc news this hour. the uk's chief negotiator is back in brussels for more brexit talks. there've been conflicting reports on whether the two sides could be close to an agreement on fishing quotas. one of three outstanding issues to
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be resolved. donald trump says his personal lawyer rudy giuliani has tested positive for coronavirus. a much—awaited air travel bubble between singapore and hong kong has been postponed for a second time, following a cluster of covid cases in hong kong. although the general number of cases remains very low in asia, international leisure travel is still practically impossible. it was hoped that the bubble, due to start on monday, could provide a template for safe travel worldwide. let's talk to simin ngai. she's an aviation expert based in singapore. and based in singapore. i said, and based in singapore. isaid, about and based in singapore. i said, about now, and based in singapore. isaid, about now, it and based in singapore. i said, about now, it is due to start, and i said, about now, it is due to start, it is a little after 7am was make my right in saying that? yeah, so make my right in saying that? yeah, so monday morning, it was supposed to start and it is not. what has gone wrong? at the heart of any travel arrangement today is a meeting of minds between two jurisdictions, which never comes easy. in the case of hong kong and
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singapore travel, which was due to start now and is postponed until at least after this month, and he partnering nations will want to have to agree on procedures, standards, interpretations, so there were a lot of hurdles to overcome, and really it's been suspended, but it does not mean that it has been scuppered completely. both are shown a great deal of willingness to continue working on this, so that is one thing to be hopeful about. it is disappointing. it was and still is disappointing. it was and still is disappointing that it never got off toa disappointing that it never got off to a start, especially because it was meant to be the first arrangement of its kind, so as travellers, we want to see some kind of hope that things will come back to normal, and unfortunately, it did not happen. and that was read from the get go. but we have to be kind of aware of the fact that it is an ongoing, ina of aware of the fact that it is an ongoing, in a pandemic, things are a lwa ys ongoing, in a pandemic, things are always changing, and the agreement is essentially in place. so it is
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not completely gone under. it is something both sides, as an example to other such arrangements that could be in progress, have shown a great deal of complement to keep the scalping, be in touch with each other, despite the changing conditions —— keep this going. it is something everyone is hopeful about, so something everyone is hopeful about, soi something everyone is hopeful about, so i guess in that sense, it could set a tone for other regions, other partnering nations and some point i wandered —— partnering nations at.|j -- partnering nations at. i wondered about the reasoning. it required a negative test 72 hours before departure, at the airport and another 72 hours before they travelled home. given all of that, the fact there has been an outbreak of additional cases in hong kong, 100 or sore cases reported friday, that should not matter, should it? if you have this testing, that
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should not matter, so that would suggest there were something more fun mentally wrong with that whole concept, because the whole point of the air bubble was you could continue travel in to being cases of coronavirus in general community. —— despite there being. if we look at the numbers, it is easy to say the quarantines will catch everything, but you have to be mindful that if there is agreement like this, it is not just the there is agreement like this, it is notjust the procedures and steps in everything, it also entails, i guess toa everything, it also entails, i guess to a very large extent, how people feel about travelling, whether they feel about travelling, whether they feel safe about the travel arrangements. you don't want to end up arrangements. you don't want to end up having a backlash in the respective nations, in the partnering countries, so in this case, if you look back a couple of weeks, what happened is that it was due to start and there was a resurgence of covid—19 in hong kong. the authorities were in touch literally hours before the first
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start date and they made a very swift and decisive action to kind of prioritise public health safety over restoring connectivity. that really is, based on this example, based on the fact that we have what we have seen, to have people feel safe enough to want to travel in a travel bubble, and if you kind of take a step back and look at how... we are going to have to leave it there. simin ngai, thank you very much for being with us on bbc news. yemen has been labelled the "the world's worst humanitarian crisis", but with 60% of its population under 25, what's it actually like growing up there? bbc my world has been hearing from young people about how their lives have changed but also what they want people to know about their country. nawal al—maghafi explains the crisis through the eyes of three teenagers who have lived it.
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i want people in my generation to start using their voices and raise awareness of what is happening in yemen. yemen's been labelled the world's worst humanitarian crisis. but when 60% of its population is under 25, what's it actually like growing up there? we can hear saudi coalition aeroplanes flying overhead. everyone in the house is really nervous. i'm nawal al—maghafi, and i've been reporting on my home country of yemen for the bbc for nearly ten years now. yemen's been troubled by civil warfor decades, but violence intensified in late 2014 between yemen's internationally recognised government
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and the houthi rebel movement. the houthi rebels, backed by iran, took control of the capital city sana'a. the president asked for help from saudi arabia, who with other countries tried to take power from the houthi rebels and reinstate the government which had fled. five years of conflict have forced 3.5 million people to flee their homes.
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as well as the air strikes, two in three yemenis aren't able to buy food. we've now seen what it's like to live through one of the world's worst humanitarian crises, but what do the young people want you to know about their country? it's completely unfair for them to be paying the price
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for something they didn't even, you know, commit. extraordinary testimony there from the young people of yemen. china says it has now begun analysing data collected by its chang'e—5 probe on the moon. the samples were gathered in the last week, and haven't yet been returned to earth. that's likely to happen in the coming days. it's the first time lunar rock has been gathered since the 1970s. chinese scientists say they've already established that parts of the moon's surface are older than others, and they're hoping to discover why. just to bring you some breaking news from brussels, sources at the european commission comparing talks between the uk and the eu negotiating teams under lord frost and michel barnier have broken up for the night. they will reconvene monday morning. the key moment comes
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ina monday morning. the key moment comes in a telephone call between the president of the european commission and the prime minister monday night on whether a deal can be reached. you are watching bbc news. england's new coronavirus rules have presented many families with dilemmas, but they're proving particularly tricky for one retired couple in yorkshire. a county boundary running through their property means it straddles tiers 2 and 3, and the rules change as they go from the house to the garden. from the north and west yorkshire boundary, corinne wheatley reports. be careful cos it's slippery. you're walking in part of the garden that's harrogate. it's all harrogate all the way up to this square flowerbed here, and then it suddenly becomes leeds because of the culvert that runs right through the garden, all the way down to wolf meadows park. so, when you're inside the house, you are in... harrogate. in harrogate, so you're in tier 2. in the conservatory, i think we're in tier 3.
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sheila knew the border between north and west yorkshire ran through her garden in otley, but it's never been particularly significant until now. she and some neighbours live under the harrogate borough council area and are in tier 2, unlike most of the town, which comes under leeds city council and tier 3. so, this is as far as i can go for tier 3. sheila and husband philip might live in the same town as daughter beth, but they're now under different rules. she can go out for a nice meal, and hopefully won't send us any pictures! laughing. we're jealous! but the handful of neighbours who live on the leeds side of the border have seemingly been saved by the bins. their rubbish is collected by harrogate borough council, so they get to pass go, straight into tier 2. it's a bit of a nuisance, really, cos it meant i couldn't go walking with my harrogate friends, you know, which i now can. now i'm officially tier 2. we don't know whether we'll be able to go into otley or whether to go into harrogate.
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we could go into harrogate to have a meal, i suppose. it's an unexpected bit of freedom, but they're hoping to avoid any conversations about exactly where they've travelled from. i'll carry on as normal, but as long as we're not apprehended on the border by the police. corinne wheatley, bbc look north, otley. stay with me. in just a couple of minutes, we'll be taking an in—depth look at monday's front pages. and they are changing, of course, all the time, and have various different views on the talks that have just closed for the night in brussels. now it's time for a look at the weather with tomasz. fog and frost for some of us early on monday morning, particularly across south—eastern parts of england, east anglia as well. some of that fog could actually
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linger right into the afternoon, so it's going to be really chilly across this part of the world. this is the forecast for the early hours. you can see it's actually largely dry across the uk, just a couple of little showers scattered around here and there. pretty lowish temperatures for some of us, —2, —3 degrees. and then during the course of the day, you can be can see how that grey, misty, murky, foggy weather lingers there across parts of the south east and east anglia. but many of us actually in for quite a sunny day, so liverpool, belfast, glasgow, much of the western isles there enjoying some sunshine. now, wet weather is on the way. this is a low pressure originating from the north sea. it will roll into northern england, but particularly scotland, and bring some rain and mountain snow monday night into tuesday. and it stays fairly nippy through most of the week.
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hello. this is bbc news. we'll be taking a look at tomorrow morning's papers in a moment with caroline frost and tony grew. first, the headlines — the uk's chief negotiator is spending the night in brussels. talks attempting to secure a trade deal between the uk and the eu have concluded for the night and will resume in the morning. eu sources say the two sides are nearing agreement on fishing.


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