good afternoon. with one day to go until the brexit talks deadline set by the uk and the european union, both sides are warning a deal is unlikely. it comes as the ministry of defence said that, as part of no—deal contingency planning, four royal navy boats are on standby to protect british fishing waters.
our political correspondent, helen catt, reports. in brussels, negotiators are now back round the table once again, but not for much longer. tomorrow night remains the deadline for deciding if a trade deal can be agreed or not. overnight in kent, a test run. this concrete barrier was being laid along the motorway to deal with this, the potential for along the motorway to deal with this, the potentialfor lorries to be delayed at ports. there will be some checks at the border injanuary whether there is a trade deal or not, but other plants specifically for no deal are more controversial. former royal navy ships are on standby to former royal navy ships are on sta nd by to protect former royal navy ships are on standby to protect british fishing waters. the ministry of defence say it's part of extensive preparation for a range of scenarios, but it sent a not so subtle message that the uk is ready to go it alone. the scottish government has called the move gunboat diplomacy which will not be welcome in scottish waters, and others have raised concerns. we
need to be building alliances, not breaking them apart. the us administration is wanting to rekindle western resolve and take on adversaries like russia and china, and here we are actually arguing with a close military european ally. the eu has sent its own message in the final hours of the talks, with leaders rejecting borisjohnson‘s attem pts leaders rejecting borisjohnson‘s atte m pts to leaders rejecting borisjohnson‘s attempts to meet them individually, attempts to meet them individually, a public show they are sticking together as one. the uk has already left the eu. the next few hours will decide exactly what happened next. helen catt, bbc news. kevin connelly is in brussels. what's the mood there? it's rather a curious day here, i think, truth be told. talks have begun again and a number of people who know what the real points of divergence are remaining between the two sides are very small, and most of them are in that room. what you have at the moment, of course, as we
have at the moment, of course, as we have been hearing, is a sense of both sides playing hardball. royal navy ships in the channel, with the eu warning is going to try and force britain back to the negotiating table very quickly in the event of no deal. the trouble with interpreting that is that that is what you would say if you thought you were close to a deal and he wa nted you were close to a deal and he wanted to get the last possible concessions. it's also what you would say if the talks were genuinely on the point of breaking down. the truth is the negotiators now have a few hours left to do what they have so far failed to do in the last few months. will there be a deal? i'm not sure if we are supposed to say god knows on the air, but god knows, frankly! from january the ist, british citizens visiting any eu country — or switzerland, norway, iceland and liechtenstein — will face some changes. our consumer affairs correspondent, sarah corker, answers some of the key questions about travelling to the continent. with the promise of mediterranean
sunshine, spain and france have been the top destinations for millions of british holiday—makers for decades but, from january, the rules on travelling to the eu will change, and that's thrown up lots of questions. if you are a tourist, you won't need a visa to travel to most eu countries, but there are limits on how long you can go for. you will be able to stay for up to 90 days in any rolling six—month period, but it does all add up, so a summer holiday in greece followed by an autumn half—term break in france will count towards your 90—day limit. you can still use this. your current passport is valid as long as it's less then ten years old and has six months left before it runs out. travellers are also asking if it will cost more to use mobiles. free roaming in the eu will officially end.
the good news is that the noise being made from the top four providers is that they won't be imposing huge roaming charges, but i would always suggest you check with your provider before you go. and what about health insurance? free medical treatment in the eu won't be guaranteed. from the ist of january, travellers can no longer rely on the european health insurance card, which will make it more important than ever that they have full travel insurance when they venture to the eu and beyond. and how will people be able to take their pets on holiday? from 2021, eu pet passports will no longer be valid. the government has applied for great britain tojoin a shortlist of countries where cats, dogs and ferrets enter the eu in a similar way to now but, if the uk doesn't make that list, then the rules get more complicated and you may need to get a certificate from the vet.
so, when beach holidays are back in 2021, british tourists will need to make sure they aren't tripped up by the new rules. sarah corker, bbc news. the government has announced that it will end direct support for overseas fossil fuel projects. the commitment comes as the uk hosts a virtual climate summit with 75 world leaders. it marks five years since the adoption of the paris climate agreement, as our chief environment correspondent, justin rowlatt, reports. l'accord de paris pour le climat est accepte. there were celebrations when a global deal on climate was finally done in paris five years ago today. for the first time, the whole world agreed that all nations need to play their part in keeping climate change to 1.5 celsius. the only problem was the commitments made in paris weren't enough to do the job.
in fact, until this year, co2 emissions have been steadily rising. in paris, world leaders agreed to get together every five years to try and up their game, raising their targets for cutting emissions. thanks to the covid—19 pandemic, world leaders will be gathering virtually today. boris johnson, the uk prime minister, will be chairing the meeting from a room here, and the uk has said only those countries which are offering a big commitment will be allowed to speak. china, the eu and india, as well as around 70 other nations, made the cut. brazil, russia and australia won't be attending. so lovely to have you with us... the un chief told the bbc last week it is not too late. we face an emergency, but i have hope. advances show what we can do, from rescuing the ozone layer
to expanding protected areas. mindsets are shifting, led by young people. he says nothing less than the future of our planet is at stake, so the hope is countries will bring bold targets to the table. that will make getting a really ambitious global deal on cutting emissions in glasgow next year much more likely. justin rowlatt, bbc news. let's take a look at some of the latest news on coronavirus. community testing programmes are to be rolled out in 67 councils under tier 3 restrictions in england. more than 1.6 million rapid turnaround tests will be provided, in an effort to reduce cases. pu bs, restau ra nts a nd cafes across much of central western scotland are reopening after three weeks. venues in 11 council areas must still close by 6pm and cannot sell alcohol, under the country's level 3 restrictions. us regulators have approved the pfizer—biontech coronavirus
vaccine for emergency use. president trump said the first vaccinations will take place in less than 2a hours' time. it's a big night for boxer anthonyjoshua, as he gets back into the ring for the first time in more than a year. he'll put his three world heavyweight titles on the line when he fights the bulgarian kubrat pulev at wembley arena. rhia chohan reports. translation: one of the things i learned is that perhaps one should be a little bit more careful, not quite so brave. some advice from kubrat pulev. but the bulgarian‘s opponent, anthonyjoshua, will be risking it all when he puts his belt on the line tonight at wembley. that boy can't beat me. i'm too good. this fight was postponed back in 2017 when pulev pulled out with an injury and the pandemic delayed it even further. british heavyweight dillian whyte thinks the added years could cost pulev.
his inactivity is going to be his downfall. obviously, joshua is younger and he seems to be revamped and he is happy. i think he'll finish off pulev in five rounds. to witness the spectacle will be 1000 fans allowed in the arena for the first time since the start of the pandemic. it was kind of last minute that we decided to go, but yeah, got lucky and managed to get tickets and i'm really glad we did. i do think it will be a tough fight, you know, in heavyweight boxing, anything can happen, right? pulev has lost only once in 29 fights, while joshua steps into the ring for the first time since beating andy ruinr in a rematch last december. this aj is a better aj. he's more mature, he's sensible and he's not going to take the stupid risks that he's taken in the past. i think he's in the best shape i've ever seen him, both physically and mentally. tonight, there is more at stake than victory and it showed in the weigh—in. pulev is fighting to fulfil his late father's wish, for his son to become bulgaria's first
heavyweight world champion. forjoshua, it's a step closer to a heavyweight unification against tyson fury — the bout that boxing fans are desperate to see. rhia chohan, bbc news. you can see more on all of today's stories on the bbc news channel. the next news on bbc one is at 5:10pm. bye for now. hello. you're watching the bbc news channel. sport now, and a full round—up from the bbc sport centre. good afternoon. hello, i'm sarah mulkerrins at the bbc sport centre. there are four games in the premier league today
and the first is already underway — a midlands derby, as wolves host aston villa. it wolves host aston villa. is approaching half—time1 40 it is approaching half—time there. a0 minutes gone. it is still goalless. villa enjoying a fair share of the possession at the moment. wolves started the game two points ahead of villa in mid—table, and there were starts for two teenagers, with 18—year—old fabio silva lining up for wolves, and 19—year—old midfielder jacob ramsey making his debut for villa. you can follow that on the website. at 5:30 this evening, it's the manchester derby. united host city, looking to bounce back after their disappointing exit from the champions league in midweek. united have won four games in a row in the league and sit above their neighbours in the table, but the pressure is still on ole gunnar solskjaer heading into this one. joe lynskey reports. the last manchester derby was march the 8th, 2020, the month a city and
a sport was set to change. fans haven't been in old trafford since. but when that day left united 12 points behind city. in this season table, red is of a blue. another win today could put united two macro points of attack, but their last nine months heavier between extremes. sometimes, they are brilliant, sometimes not. and manchester united will not be competing in the champions league. instead, they are consigned to the europa league. we were, and the group was, disappointed. on tuesday night. it is just group was, disappointed. on tuesday night. it isjust natural. we really wanted to go through that tournament. now, the reality is we are not, and we have just got to move on. after that, the focus has just been on the manchester derby. that's probably the best game we can ask for after such a disappointment. in nearly all united's wins this season, they have had to come from behind. they have gotjust four macro league points from their five
home games, but with no wins in a row, they are still in touch at the top, so why is this side still streaking? -- with four wins in a row. if anyone knew the answer to that! it baffles and confuses fans. even within matches. i'm not saying united fans are completely convinced by what they are seeing, because they are not. big—name players have come on and big fees. they are some of the best players in the world and need to stand up in games like this. that defeat in march was city's seventh of the season, the most pep guardiola has had on one campaign. so now, they are seeking consistency. in every match, they try to show they can still be a force. every game, you worry about to win. it is so complicated, so difficult, and every time we are able to do it, it is a big compliment, so this is a win we will have to make in our profession. they hope it is the first and last clash of manchester inside an empty ground. this december derby will be a test of character and a much more silent night.
to dubai, where patrick reed remains on course to become the first american to win the european tour's race to dubai title. he's alongside england's matt fitzpatrick and laurie canter at the top of the leaderboard on 11 under par at the season ending tour championship. reed scrambled well with some lovely touches around the greens in dubai to stay in touch and he looks determined to end the season as the european tour's number one player. at the us women's open, england's charlie hull is seven shots off the lead at the halfway point, but she did manage one of the shots of the day in houston. japan's hinako shibuno is in front on seven under par. there's lots of champions cup rugby today — as well as qualifying for the abu dhabi grand prix, which is just under way. you can follow it all live via the bbc sport website and app, plus commentary on 5 live sports extra. that's all the sport for now. more throughout the afternoon.
great to see you. thanks very much indeed. the headlines on bbc news... one day left to secure a trade deal — talks resume in brussels with both sides warning they're unlikely to reach a post—brexit agreement by tomorrow's deadline. the us regulator authorises the pfizer biontech coronavirus vaccine. donald trump says it'll be rolled out immediately. world leaders will hold a virtual climate summit later — to lay out their plans for cutting greenhouse gas emissions. community coronavirus testing programmes are to be rolled out in 67 councils under tier 3 restrictions in england. more than 1.5 million rapid turnaround tests will be provided in an effort to reduce cases. iamjoined by dr naomi forrester—soto. she's an expert in the study of viruses at keele university. thanks forjoining us. this rapid turnaround tests, how is it going to
work with this extended roll—out? so, the tests are designed to give a result very quickly. they are not as sensitive as the q pcr, but if they are deployed among a large group of people, they work asa a large group of people, they work as a way of trying to identify more of those asymptomatic people, those people who are infected but show no symptoms, as well as those who are presymptomatic, and catching them, and if they isolate, that removes them from the population and prevents more transmission. and how will people get hold of them, and over what period of time do you think this has an impact, as you say, in terms of protecting the population as a whole in these high—risk areas? population as a whole in these high-risk areas? all the councils will have details on their website of how to get hold of these tests, but the most important thing is, as long as it catches a wide enough group of people, it means you actually are able to eliminate some of the people who are transmitting.
the longer we can roll them out and the more consistently, the better, really. are you worried about these restrictions being lifted at christmas for five days? do you think there has to be a government rethink and that, or do you think individualfamilies really rethink and that, or do you think individual families really have to stop and think about what they are doing? i do think every family needs to ta ke doing? i do think every family needs to take into account the amount of transmission in their area. the higher the transmission in your area, the greater risk it is to mix with people, and i'm concerned some people will regret their mixing at christmas. we're still seeing case numbers rise in certain areas, and any time you have a rise in case numbers, you then have a concurrent rise in fatalities, and although the has been ruled out —— rolled out, enough people have not been vaccinated yet for it that to make a significant difference. so it is something every family must decide for themselves whether it is a risk they want to take. how would you see
restrictions being lifted as vaccinations progress in the new year? do you think as soon as you have been vaccinated and know you are protected, a month and from the firstjab, are protected, a month and from the first jab, you should are protected, a month and from the firstjab, you should be able to go and do what you want? unfortunately, i don't think that's really how it works at the moment, because we don't know yet whether the vaccine prevents transmission. it may be that even though you are vaccinated and do not get sick, you may be able to transmit the virus, and then transmitted to other people and keep the transmission in the community going. until we know that, i would expect restrictions will stay in place for a little longer until we have some understanding of how effective that vaccine is at preventing transmission. i think people should expect it to take a little longer than they would hope. i would expect 6—9 months, realistically, particularly given some of the manufacturing issues they might have run into with the vaccine. so, sort of next autumn before, what, all the population, 60,70, before, what, all the population, 60, 70, 80%? ithink
before, what, all the population, 60, 70, 80%? i think everybody expects —— if everybody expects by next autumn, we might be pleasantly surprised, but i don't think we will be disappointed. the government has said easter. the thing that is still optimistic yeah i think that is an optimistic yeah i think that is an optimistic point of view. i'm not sure it is entirely realistic. i would hope to be proved wrong on that. i hope everything is done by easter, but i feel that might be a bit too optimistic. what would your advice be as well to, say, elderly grandparents you have the vaccine and, of course, even the best rates are 90—95%. there is still a 5% chance, isn't there, that they can get this virus and be very ill? so even from next autumn onwards, we can't let our guard down totally, can't let our guard down totally, can we? so, ithink can't let our guard down totally, can we? so, i think there is some... yes, it will be hard to reconcile that, but i think as long as the case numbers are low, that risk becomes much less, and there are risks in everything we do in every
form of life. even getting in a car is risky. as long as we can get the transmission rate down in the community, that risk then becomes a sort of a normal risk, compared to many were take in everyday life. it is just that this christmas, that risk is elevated because of the high risk is elevated because of the high risk of community transmission. and to remind us, you mentioned is about risks in the car, i know you mean driving, but what about travelling with friends and family? some interesting research from the us this week about transmission within the car if you are travelling over the car if you are travelling over the christmas lift of restrictions with family or friends. you know more now, don't you, that aerosol transmission versus surfaces? yes, you are much more likely to get infected from a face—to—face conversation with someone with no mask on for 15 minutes or more. this is probably the biggest risk we have in getting infected. surfaces probably play a very small role, but it isa probably play a very small role, but it is a much smaller one than eve ryo ne it is a much smaller one than everyone expected back in march. so
any time you are in an enclosed space with anyone for an enclosed period of time, that increases your risk, which includes carjourneys, but also being inside without wearing masks or social distancing for any length of time. and quickly, christmas shopping. their shops are packed in some parts of london, i know. if you move past someone quickly who is very infectious, are you at risk with a fleeting movement? you are much... so, a quick walk past someone is probably less likely to get you infected, particularly if you are wearing a mask and they are wearing a mask. you can't eliminate that risk altogether. it is a risk, but less likely if you are not standing and talking to them. very helpful. good to talk to you, dr naomi forrester—soto, and good to be reminded of the latest information. ta nks reminded of the latest information. tanks very much, from keele university. despite the pandemic, 2020 has seen a dramatic increase in palestinian homes demolished by the israeli authorities.
some 900 people lost their place to live — the biggest number in years. palestinians often build in eastjerusalem and parts of the west bank under full israeli control without permits, saying these are almost impossible for them to get. among the buildings still facing demolition orders there are many palestinian schools. our middle east correspondent yolande knell reports. within seconds, a home is gone. and here, another. this has been a record year for israeli demolitions. with all the misery they bring. but in this bedouin village, they're rebuilding. last month, bulldozers arrived and more than 70 people had just ten minutes to grab what they could. even the sheep lost their pens. this man believes israel
wants to drive them out of the jordan valley, which palestinians want as part of their own independent state. translation: this turned our lives into hell. we had a two—day—old baby. even that family's shelter was demolished. they spent a night under the rain, and it's all because of the israeli occupation. this mother of three won't speak on camera, but tells me life is harder than ever. it's notjust people here. hundreds of palestinians have lost their homes this year because the israeli authorities say they built illegally. and what they all have in common is that they live in areas that are especially sensitive in the israel—palestinian conflict. the israeli military says this land is a firing range that it uses for training, so it's not safe for palestinians to live here. in another village we visit,
there are tensions with nearbyjewish settlers. its new school is the best chance local children have to study, and they're keen learners. this class is about the struggle for palestinian statehood. but the school itself could soon be history. it has a demolition order, as it was built without an israeli permit. translation: we were worried about the future of the school from the start. but if we dwelled on that, we'd never have made progress. we carried on so that we could give these children the chance of an education, which is a basic right. many countries say destroying this school would violate international law. but israeli defence officials say demolitions are carried out because of planning and building violations as part of its commitment to maintain public order and the rule of law.
at its heart, the conflict here is over land, and so long as it's unresolved, palestinians in the most bitterly contested areas live with constant uncertainty. yolande knell, bbc news, on the west bank. it should be a bumper time of year for taxi cabs, but industry bodies say the sector is on the verge of collapse after business shrank to about a fifth of normal levels. the gmb union is calling on the chancellor to provide more help for self—employed drivers. our business correspondent katy austin has more. i have started to do christmas light tours. it has been a lovely thing to do. london lack cab driver dale is trying to salvage something from what she describes as a worst year ever. the theatres, the pubs, restau ra nts, ever. the theatres, the pubs, restaurants, all of that shot, and the festivals. even people going to work, they didn't even have that,
because people were working from home. that was really bad as well. we literally had supermarkets and hospitals to hang around to try to get work. she has had a self—employment grant, but still had to ta ke self—employment grant, but still had to take a job at supermarket. i've got this brand—new electric tactic which is costing me about £70,000. i got it in february, and in march, there was a lot going, some having to work seven days a week, five days doing deliveries and to doing my taxi work, just to make ends meet. and it is notjust cabbies in london who have suffered from a huge drop in business this year. it is a national problem. here in reading, taxi drivers have also had a really tough time. when the lockdown came, i'll be honest, we were down to zero. normally at this time of year, it would be very, very busy. you would have commuters, shoppers, and obviously, this year, we won't have that. we won't have christmas eve or new year's eve, nothing like that. it is thought only about a fifth of drivers are still out working on the rank, with most having taken
delivery jobs instead. rank, with most having taken deliveryjobs instead. asi says they need more help to make up for their lost earnings. taxi drivers in reading have to change our caps, for example, at some point. there has to be money made available. the national taxi and private hire association since last year, more than half a million people working in the industry across england, scotla nd in the industry across england, scotland and wales. of those, 90% we re scotland and wales. of those, 90% were self—employed. it is estimated the sector lost more than £85 million a week during the first national lockdown. one industry group worries many drivers will be forced out for good, leaving vulnerable customers with fewer options. it really is such an important and integral part of the transport infrastructure. without it, you are going to have ghost towns around the uk. taxi businesses as well as individual drivers are suffering. partition in the middle... this private hire firm specialises in corporate accounts.
airport transfers and conferences just haven't been happening. this should be the busiest time of the year, evenings really booked out with the parties. they are not going anywhere, to be honest. azz says he could not get a cash grant for the business. we had to sell quite a few ca rs business. we had to sell quite a few cars to make up the difference. government spokesperson said a generous and wide—ranging package of support had been provided, including for the taxi sector. it said as well as grants for the self—employed, there were loans, tax deferral and mortgage holidays. drivers like dale are trying to stay optimistic, hoping their fortunes will turn around. now it's time for a look at the weather with nick miller. is it good last—minute christmas shopping weather, nick, if we dare go outside? a bit ofa go outside? a bit of a split this afternoon across the uk. a dull, damp saturday afternoon across eastern parts, to the west, we get into a bit of sunshine. i
don't know whether that is good or bad for going in and out of stores afternoon. but we have this cloud and rain across eastern parts, though turning increasingly light and patchy, whereas for northern ireland, wales and south—west england, sunny spells, and may a shower into scotland before the day is done in the sun goes down. into tonight, many turn drier and clearer for a time. a touch of frost and patchy fog as possible where you are, but the temperatures heading up in northern ireland, wales and south—west england later in the night, as we see rain coming in, which is the story of sunday. that does not look pretty. outbreaks of rain spreading across all parts of the north—east. if you have your bursts too. the wind picking up, heavier bursts, and gusts of around a0-50 heavier bursts, and gusts of around a0—50 mph on exposed coasts. a windy day wherever you are. still in the cool site for scotland and north—east england, and notice temperatures heading up towards the west. if you milder days on the way.