good morning. welcome to breakfast with chris mason and nina warhurst. our headlines today: millions of people in south—east england and wales move into a new upper tier of covid restrictions, as hundreds tried to leave london before the rules kicked in. christmas plans are ruined as plans to relax rules are scrapped. millions in tier 4 are told they can't mix with other households at all. it is with a very heavy heart i must tell you that we cannot continue with christmas as planned. seventh heaven for liverpool as they thrash crystal palace to extend their lead at the top with their their biggest league win in 31 years.
and some of us will see sunshine at times today but watch out for dark gloomy clouds. details on that and the christmas week forecast here brea kfast. it's sunday 20 december. our top story. millions of people in england and wales are waking up to new lockdown restrictions. at midnight london and large parts of the east and south—east of england were put into a new category of tier 4 — with an order to stay at home where possible. similar restrictions came into force for all of wales at midnight. the announcements were made as plans to relax restrictions over christmas were reduced. our political correspondent nick eardley reports. london last night was suddenly the last journey before london last night was suddenly the lastjourney before lockdown started. but it will not be the usual christmas getaway this year. significant restrictions are now in place for large parts of england and
in the whole of wales. they are coming in scotland and for millions, christmas visits will be considerably shortened or cancelled altogether. for leslie who has terminal cancer that means she will not be able to spend time with her sister stop literally, i sat in my chair in floods of tears.” sister stop literally, i sat in my chair in floods of tears. i was messaging my family, you know, what will we do? it just messaging my family, you know, what will we do? itjust seems so unfair that somebody like me, i am terminally ill, i will not be here next christmas. people could think that 0k, next christmas. people could think that ok, that is why we celebrate christmas in the summer but i do not know if i will be here in the summer. know if i will be here in the summer. my sister will be sitting at home by herself 100 miles away. and her presents are under the tree. 70 million people in england are back on lockdown. in london, the east and south—east of england people are urged to stay—at—home, nonessential shops are closed, plans to allow
christmas bubbles have been cancelled. in the rest of england, in scotland and wales, christmas is being cut back significantly. instead of meeting for five days, christmas bubbles will only be allowed for one. christmas day itself. it is with a very heavy heart i must tell you that we cannot continue with christmas as planned. in england, those living in tier four areas should not mix with anyone outside their own household at christmas. though support bubbles will remain in place for those at particular risk of loneliness or isolation to begin wales, lockdown was brought forward and came in at midnight. nicola sturgeon has said nobody should travel to scotland from the rest of the uk and she will bring ina from the rest of the uk and she will bring in a lockdown on the mainland from boxing day. it makes me want to cry as i am sure many of you want to cry as i am sure many of you want to cry because i know how harsh the sounds. i know how unfair it is. but
this virus is unfair. the changes will come as a blow to many. the end ofa will come as a blow to many. the end of a tough year will be no easier. but politicians and scientists leave the risk is just too great. —— believe the risk. let's speak to our reporter andy moore, who is on oxford street in central london this morning. this was said to be a crucial week of trading. that is right. these streets would have been busy with christmas shoppers yesterday and virtually empty today and the shops will lose out on some of those lucrative shopping days of the year. they will lose billions of pounds in revenue. the organisation that represents shops here in the west end said it was catastrophic for business and they are calling for more government support. the cbi says it is a kick in the teeth. the reaction of people to these announcements yesterday? the chief medical officer was asked what his advice would be two people packing their bags and preparing to leave
town before the new restrictions came into effect and he said they should unpack their bags. 0bviously some people were not heeding that advice or hearing it. the seats on trains were sold out within a few hours. she seems last night at saint pancras. people on trains were told in messages that there could be no social distancing because the trains we re social distancing because the trains were just so busy. social distancing because the trains werejust so busy. and social distancing because the trains were just so busy. and what do people think of the new regulations? an opinion poll carried out yesterday after the press conference gave a snapshot, really, of opinion saying that more than 70% of people approve of the new tier four regulations. 78% of people said they would change their plans over christmas and about 11% said they intended to break the new regulations. thank you, andy. rising infection rates in london are partly due to a new variant of coronavirus, known as vui, which is thought to be more contagious. government advisors say the mutation
is now the dominant strain in the capital, as our health correspondent katherine da costa explains. hospitals and parts of london, kent and essex are coming under intense pressure. they are seeing a surge in new covid emissions, up by a third in one week after a sudden spike in new infections. an initial investigation found a new variant of coronavirus, significantly more infectious than previous strains are now accounts for 60% of cases in london. the scientist say at this stage there is no suggestion it causes more serious illness and would impact the effectiveness of vaccine. at a news conference, government advisers said it was time to act stop this virus spreads more easily and therefore more measures are needed to keep it under control with absolutely need to stick to the basic of making sure that we reduce oui’ basic of making sure that we reduce our contacts, reduce the possibility of spread for this virus and that is
the reason that tougher measures are required to keep this variant under control. vaccines offer a way out. 350,000 people across the uk received their first dose. if the 0xford vaccine is approved before the end of the year, millions of the most vulnerable could be protect within months. all this morning we'll be hearing from some of the people affected by the changes and finding out what it means for you. a uk government source has said there will be no post—brexit trade deal with the european union, unless there's a "substantial shift" from brussels in the coming days. it's understood there's likely to be a decision before christmas about whether or not to continue the talks — they remain stuck on issues around fishing and subsidies. it's less than two weeks until the transition period officially ends. it's the series that's been lifting our spirits on saturday nights — this year's strictly come dancing
crowned its winner last night. if you're still hoping to catch up — look away now. bill and 0ti! that pause! it was felt a lot longer than that! bill bailey and his dance partner 0ti mabuse have become the latest pair to lift the glitterball trophy. the comedian has become the oldest celebrity to win the title, while his partner has become the first professional dancer to win for two years in a row. i definitely got something in my eye at the point last night stop there was something. listening to the song and that proper set. and particularly after what we heard yesterday afternoon. and the friendship therebetween bill
and 0ti. incredibly moving. and that isa and 0ti. incredibly moving. and that is a beautiful shot there, matt. good morning to you both. looming clouds across porter said yesterday evening. it was a bit of a stormy day for a few and there will be more clouds like that across the country today. more showers to come but, like yesterday, sunshine in between the downpours. some will stay dry for the bulk of the day. let's see whether downpours are at the moment. a rumble of thunder they're moving to the east of london and showers plentiful out towards the west of the country. they will come and go throughout the day. eastern areas are always dry and bright. a fresh start compared to yesterday but we will see the showers push eastwards through the day. sunshine will follow and we see showers, some thunder and a little bit of hail possible but, if anything, fewer showers through the afternoon tomorrow today compared to
yesterday. there will still be blustery with the strongest of the wind gusts, these are the top expected around a0 or 50 mile an hourin expected around a0 or 50 mile an hour in the western half of scotland. after a fresh start to the day, a slightly fresher day by and large. 8— 11 degrees but temperatures are not above where they should be for this stage in december. through tonight, showers continue across scotland and northern ireland, these scales across “— northern ireland, these scales across —— clear skies across england and wales and as it pushes northward we will also see some rain. that rain falling onto saturated ground with the risk that river levels could rise, keep an eye on flood warnings across the south as we go through into tomorrow. all the details on the bbc weather website. gusty wind around the english channel in particular but it will be a day of splitting the country into. so while you have this warm mild air across england and wales, colder air for scotland and northern england. a few showers in the northern half of
scotla nd few showers in the northern half of scotland but cloud and rain and northern ireland to begin with, brightening through the day on the western parts of scotland continue to see sunshine and showers. early rain across many parts of central and eastern england are easing and patchy into the afternoon with the temperatures in double figures if not the mid—teens. just six or seven degrees across parts of scotland and northern ireland. it remains in place into tuesday and the weather front will bring further rain across the south. this area of low pressure looks like it will not have as big an impact as it may have it is still wa nt to an impact as it may have it is still want to watch but as it clears away and we go through the rest of the week and into christmas day, high pressure builds and things will turn dry. a quick snack shot of towns and cities across the country to take us through the week. we look to see the heaviest of the rain through tuesday and wednesday across england and wales but all areas turn dry for christmas eve and christmas day, the odd isolated shower and you find on christmas day that most places are dry with sunshine. but it will be a very frosty start. lovely crisp festive frost. so with that shirt,
matt. thank you. i like myself. a few little patterns. i do like it. no christmas presents this year in oui’ no christmas presents this year in our household. it's time now to take a look at today's papers. the new restrictions announced by boris johnson dominate all of the sunday front pages. christmas cancelled for millions is the headline in the telegraph. the article picks out a quote from england's chief medical officer professor chris whitty advising those placed under tier four to unpack their bags. lost xmas is the headline on the front of the sunday mirror, which says there's public fury over the government's last—minute announcement. the mail on sunday asks "will this nightmare ever end?" the front page also features comedian bill bailey, who won this year's strictly come dancing last night with his professional partner 0ti.
and the result of the strictly final is also one of the most read stories on the bbc news website. at 55, bill became the oldest celebrity to lift the glitterball trophy, beating eastenders' maisie smith and singer hrvy. what does that tell you? even on a day when we have had to change our christmas plans radically, millions of people would still have had the top story is still strictly. did you seeit? top story is still strictly. did you see it? it is the escapism. totally. but if you found yourself trying to diejust the but if you found yourself trying to die just the news and awkward conversations about what to do, to be able to throw that on even if you know absolutely nothing about dancing, you can allow your rain to switch away from all the bleakness. do you not shimmy? i am not. switch away from all the bleakness. do you not shimmy? iam not. iam no extraordinary dancer. earlier you
we re extraordinary dancer. earlier you were saying that the duchess of cornwall pain trip you to strictly was a moment. she said it lifted the spirits of the country in this particularly difficult time. she thanked them all for coming together and said she was excited. she knew who she would vote for but she did not give it away. i will have a quick look inside the sunday telegraph. this was on the news website yesterday but it is worth a mention, this particular mug that is selling rather well which is a chris whitty next slide please mug. must have christmas gift. i think the bbc news website referred to the fact that chris whitty is outselling britney spears when it comes to mugs now. the chief medical officer of england. i guess one year ago you could have sat next to him on the bus and you would not have known who he was. i did not know that britney mugs he was. i did not know that britney ngs were a he was. i did not know that britney mugs were a big thing. he was. i did not know that britney mugs were a big thinglj he was. i did not know that britney mugs were a big thing. i suspect that maybe the journalist writing
that maybe the journalist writing that headline was looking for a celebrity who may have sold a lot of mugs celebrity who may have sold a lot of ngs once upon a celebrity who may have sold a lot of mugs once upon a time full this morning, in most of the papers i look at the mail on sunday here, all of them are actually giving you a clear guide as to where you stand depending on what tear you were in. what does tia four mean. no indoor household mixing, stay within your own household even at christmas, don't visit other households over christmas while living in tia four. she is one, two and three, visit relatives indoors but only on christmas day. chris whitty patrick balance urging people yesterday to stay local and keep visits as short as possible. a quick story about neanderthals before we move on. this from... is it neanderthal or with a ha rd from... is it neanderthal or with a hard tea ? people from... is it neanderthal or with a hard tea? people who lived a long time ago who vaguely looked like us. it seemed they had a good idea. i know what they would have done this winter given the news from yesterday. they would have hibernate
it. suggestion in the observer that scientists have discovered effectively a mass grave in spain with bones dating back a00,000 years and they have managed to look at the remaining bones and detected that that suggests that early humans may have put themselves into a cave for the winter and emerged out the other side having been in something of a slumber. the scientists have something of a discussion and a debate as to whether that counts as hibernation or whether it was just a long kip. there is a distinction between the two whether the human brain would be able to... that's what i was thinking, without water for months or weeks? and without food. early humans hibernating.” food. early humans hibernatinglj was i knew we have the capacity back in march. that is what i would have done. sleep 2020 entirely. exactly.
we return now to our top story. new tier a restrictions have come into force in london and parts of the south—east of england, meaning all non—essential shops have closed and people are subject to a stay at home order. one of the areas which is affected is hertfordshire. we can speak now tojim mcmanus, who is the director of public health at hertfordshire county council. good morning to you. good morning, how are you? very well. hope you are too. your reaction to the news from yesterday. because korzh came very suddenly and it took everybody by surprise —— of course it came. because our christmas plans personally had to be altered and then we kind of picked ourselves up and went, well, it is probably sensible government is treating this seriously and it means we need to double our effort. there were a few hours of a number of us feeling
sorrowful, but that is not compared to the pain of those who have lost people to covid or who are suffering months after infections. so we are where we are and let's try to work together to get out of this. you said probably sensible to do this. are you convinced the government has taken the right course of action here? yes. i should have said sensible. we do need to take action when this virus is hitting more readily and given the high numbers we are in. i don't think we really had much alternative. but, in a way, i think the key thing is if you just summarise where we are, we are in a situation where the social distancing measures still work if we really adhere to them rigidly. the test still works anti—vaccine still works. and those have not changed.
and the key thing is for each of us, every time we leave the house, to treat ourselves and everybody else is if we were infectious. and if we have the level we had going on in early summer, then actually we can suppress this virus. i think the thing is we have all gotten tired and we have all kind of ease off the restrictions a little bit. you think people locally to you are, bluntly, have become too laid back as far as social distancing is concerned?” think the whole countryjust needs to get back to some of the measures. you can see in to get back to some of the measures. you can see in some to get back to some of the measures. you can see in some regional environment that we are not distancing as much as we did. a lot of our residents are great, because i think is our residents weren't doing what they are doing we would be in doing what they are doing we would beina doing what they are doing we would be in a worse position. i can 22 gyms and places of worship when we haven't had a single infection month. so a lot of people are really
trying their best and playing their part. but like everybody else in this region we have seen a significant and rapid rise in infections, which i think has taken the whole country somewhat by surprise in its speed and severity. is this because of the new variant, is that a particular problem in your county? it seems to be at least partly because of the new variant. but the other strain circulating as well. i thinkjust reinforces the fa ct well. i thinkjust reinforces the fact that if we took the measures we know work we would suppress the virus because the new variant is, while it appears to be more easily spreadable, it still response to staying ten metres away, hand sanitiser, and so forth —— two metres away, and those who self isolate they have symptoms. what needs to happen now into the medium term as we look to worlds next year. hopefully things will improve with the rollout of the vaccine, to
ensure people, as you say, do stick to the rules are just the time all tiring of us have had our christmas plans are snatched away pretty much ata plans are snatched away pretty much at a moment's notice. does they need to bea at a moment's notice. does they need to be a medium or long—term plan, whether it be about communication or the measures to ensure that collectively we do our best to stick to these rules? 0h collectively we do our best to stick to these rules? oh yes. i think the association of directors of public health produced a, well, i'd don't think, inu, helped write it. it is the 6:20am disease, isn't it?” think, inu, helped write it. it is the 6:20am disease, isn't it? i know that feeling well. you know it better than i do. we produced a set of guidance called protecting 0ur communities earlier this year and what we needed to get out of this. 0ne we need to pull together, come back together as a society and recognise that we do these measures for each other otherwise we're not going to get out of this. the second thing is, the more everybody adheres
to these measures, and i'm in absolutely everybody, the quicker we all suppress this virus. at i think we need a six—month land. it is a tremendous achievement, but it will ta ke tremendous achievement, but it will take some months to develop in a population immunity for us to be able to ease off restrictions. the only way we're going to get out that anger to the point where the vaccine can do its job anger to the point where the vaccine can do itsjob is by looking after one another and that means treating myself as if i'm infectious and treating you as if you are infectious and behaving accordingly. from that principle we can actually crack this. final thought, from that principle we can actually crack this. finalthought, has from that principle we can actually crack this. final thought, has the news yesterday afternoon scuppered your own christmas plans? have you had to change plans as a result of what we now know? 0h had to change plans as a result of what we now know? oh yes stop this is the second time in my life i won't see my mother. the first time i was won't see my mother. the first time iwas in won't see my mother. the first time
i was in ucla's hospital being cared for by the blood cancer wards. it is a complete change. it will be me and next door‘s cat this year. and i'm not sure the cat is talking to me. my not sure the cat is talking to me. my goodness, we appreciate your professional expertise and wish you the best, personally, overthe christmas area. so difficult for so many people. and thank you for getting up early on our behalf. you coped admirably with the 6:20am disease. a thought you really did. thanks very much. thank you. i hope is cat forgives him. let us check in withjohn. hello! liverpool, that is the biggest lee nguyenin liverpool, that is the biggest lee nguyen in 31 years. they know it has been a later start to this season, but despite the fact it was a later start, 11 of the 15 teams that have been top at christmas in the past have belonged to the premier league. no wonderjochen club said he would
be enjoying christmas, if not all of us be enjoying christmas, if not all of us will be —— jurgen be enjoying christmas, if not all of us will be ——jurgen klopp. talk about sending a message. 7—0 they beat crystal palace. and on this basis will take some stopping in the new year. what a contrast for arsenal. alan shearer said he wasn't sure they'd escape relegation, losing again, this time to second placed everton as ben croucher reports. the story of crystal palace— liverpool as told byjurgen klopp. hgppy liverpool as told byjurgen klopp. happy at1—0, liverpool as told byjurgen klopp. happy at 1—0, over the moon at numberfive, happy at 1—0, over the moon at number five, by the time six and seven went in, well, he had run out of celebrations stop it is better you when seven times 1—0 than one—time 7—0, but it is nice as well. nice may be understating it. sadio mane's shot metre two, roberto firmino finished off a counter—attack 3—0 at halftime. john henderson killed in a fourth before roberto firmino again added for. mohamed salah came into head in a
sixth. with fans in the stadium seem's winning it is merhi on merseyside right now. ever time is up merseyside right now. ever time is up to second with a helping hand and eye from arsenal. and in off holding. it's an own goal! nicolas pepe equalised from the spot but the header means beside us still without a lee nguyen since the start of november, languishing in 15th. if they handed out points for the best clu b they handed out points for the best club branded christmas where southhampton would be climbing the table. alas, goals of the currency in the premier league. manchester city deal in stirling. raheem sterling fired then to a win. if they handed out prizes for u nfortu nate they handed out prizes for unfortunate comedic own goal, matt ritchie would be in with a shout, left a little red—faced as newcastle drew1—1. ben left a little red—faced as newcastle drew 1—1. ben croucher, left a little red—faced as newcastle drew1—1. ben croucher, bbc left a little red—faced as newcastle drew 1—1. ben croucher, bbc news. they all count, don't they. it's looking good for rangers in the scottish premiership. a 3—1 win over motherwell leaves
them 16 points clear. cedric itten struck in between a kemar roofe double in the final 17 minutes to ensure they bounced back after defeat in the league cup. british boxer callum smith was well beaten in his super middleweight clash with saul ‘canelo' alvarez this morning, who inflicted the liverpudlian's first defeat. alvarez, widely regarded as one of the best pound—for—pound boxers on the planet, takes smiths wba belt and the vacant wbc belt. he won on a unanimous points decision. he himself has only lost once before. what a fighter he is. rugby union's champions cup's been hit hard by covid outbreaks in four squads this weekend, but gloucester kept up their hopes in the competition with a dramatic win over ulster. a try from george barton with the final play of the match turned defeat into victory for gloucester, who were cheered on by 2,000 delighted fans. ulster are now close to elimination after two losses from two. northampton have now lost 12 matches in a row after another champions cup defeat — this time to leinster. it finished 35—19 to the 2018 champions which puts them
on the verge of the knockouts in a shortened competition this season. each team plays just four group matches. deta hedman lost on her pdc darts debut yesterday, but her delight in qualifying clear to see. she said she cried like a baby when she found out she would be playing. she was up against andy boulton and won three legs in a row, taking a set to put pressure on the englishman, but in the end boulton's experience played it's part as he took the match by three sets to one. she becomes the first black woman to play at the tournament. two englishwomen are right in the mix at the lpga's season ending tour championship in florida. charley hull is four off the lead with 2018 women's open winner georgia hall one shot better off. five birdies in seven holes on saturday means she'll tee off in the final group this afternoon. and you get the chance to vote
for your sports personality of the year tonight. it's taking place here in mediacity in what has been a very different sporting year. jo currie looks at the contenders for us. a glittering event that looks back at the sporting year, celebrating su ccesses at the sporting year, celebrating successes and special moments. ben stokes claim last year's successes and special moments. ben stokes claim last yea r‘s award successes and special moments. ben stokes claim last year's award but this you will be different. no arena, no public, and just a small audience of winners and nominees will be present. 0n the shortlist for the main award, england bola stuart broad. he took 16 wickets in the final two tests against west indies, taking him past the magic 500 number four his indies, taking him past the magic 500 numberfour his career. hollie doyle notched up 1a6 winners this season, breaking her own record for a female jockey. stayed 11 of her highlights. boxer tyson fury became a two time world heavyweight champion in february, with a
devastating victory against deontay wilder. lewis hamilton equalled michael schumacher‘s record of seven formula one world championships and surpassed the german's total of 91 grand prix wins. footballerjordan henderson captain liverpool to their first title since 1990, hereafter leading them european success. and ronnie 0'sullivan won his sixth snooker title at the crucible to become the oldest champion for more than a0 years. manchester united forward marcus rashford is being honoured this evening for raising awarness of child food poverty. but whose name will be engraved on the main trophy this year will be determined by a public vote. jo currie, bbc news. is good to see it on tonight. any year of so much uncertainty is good to know that some things are certain. it will be there. strictly last night and this tonight. the show will go on. thank you, john.
almost 6:30. headlines for you next. hello, this is breakfast with chris mason and nina warhurst. good morning, here's a summary of today's main stories from bbc news. millions of people in england and wales are waking up to new lockdown restrictions. at midnight london and large parts of the east and south east of england were put into a new category of tier four — with an order to stay at home where possible. similar restrictions came into force for all of wales at midnight. plans to relax restrictions over christmas have also been reduced across the uk. people living under the new tier a
restrictions will not be able to mix with other households at all over christmas. in the rest of england, scotland and wales the rules will be eased on christmas day only, rather than the previous 5—day period. the dutch government has banned passenger flights between the uk and the netherlands as of six o'clock this morning because of the new variant of the virus. it has also revealed that the same strain of the infection was found in the netherlands earlier this month, and is investigating the origins of that case. additional travel restrictions may be put in place on trains and ferries between the two countries. roadblocks will not be used in scotla nd roadblocks will not be used in scotland to enforce the ban announced yesterday by nicola sturgeon. mainland scotland is to be put into lockdown from boxing day for at least three weeks.
a uk government source has said there will be no post—brexit trade deal with the european union, unless there's a "substantial shift" from brussels in the coming days. it's understood there's likely to be a decision before christmas about whether or not to continue the talks — they remain stuck on issues around fishing and subsidies. it's less than two weeks until the transition period officially ends. that should bring you up to date with the news headlines. let's have a look at the sunday weather and matt is here with a wonderful shot there framed around the lighthouse. good morning. this is plymouth. yesterday as the sun was about to set. there will be some showers once again, like yesterday, but hopefully fewer showers. where we see them they are on the heavy side and we are seeing rumbles of thunder and flashes of lightning. scattering of showers across many western areas and many eastern areas the day dry. cooler out there compared to
yesterday morning, especially in the breeze. that breezes strongest in the western that is where they will be most frequent touring today. also along the southern coastal counties of england. in eastern england, some of england. in eastern england, some of you may spend the day largely dry if not completely dry and avoid the showers altogether. as i said it will be windy and the wind will be strongest with a gust across western scotland. the coast could head around a0 maybe 50 mile an hour and after a slightly fresher start a cool day compared to yesterday, only bya cool day compared to yesterday, only by a degree also in temperature is still a little above where we should be for this time of year. into the evening and overnight some showers to begin with across england and wales will fade only to be replaced by persistent rain working south, falling onto already saturated round. keep an eye on the flood warnings on the abc weather warning website. clear skies on the north of the country, lowest temperatures dropping to three or four celsius in some rural areas. here is a big chart for monday. a developing area of low pressure pushing across england and wales leading strong
winds to the south and south—east. light winds further north and it is here whether cold air can be found, you can see that splitting conditions with warm air across southern areas, cold to the north where we will see a mixture of sunshine showers to start in scotland. but she rain across southern and eastern areas, and again on northern ireland, something right later. rain across northern ireland eastern england first thing and that will ease away, patchy rain and that will ease away, patchy rain and drizzle and a split interpreter tomorrow. six or seven degrees further north. we will see clear skies and the great conjunction across the north and tomorrow is winter solstice, the shortest day and that means from thereon we start to see longer days push out. by wednesday it will be a wet day across southern areas once again and, certainly, in england and wales we will see heavy rain. 0n and, certainly, in england and wales we will see heavy rain. on christmas eve rain clearing from the south and sunshine developing more widely and with temperatures starting to drop a cold night. let's have a peek at christmas morning. a frosty start
with temperatures widely below freezing across many parts of the country and it should be a lovely crisp day. chance of one or two showers at the moment, isolated wintry ones across eastern parts of england in the far north of scotland but otherwise it should be a dry and sunny christmas day for most. thank you, matt. ithink sunny christmas day for most. thank you, matt. i think you sunny christmas day for most. thank you, matt. ithink you maxed sunny christmas day for most. thank you, matt. i think you maxed out the references to rain and i rain out of fingers were as they began to count. there was sunshine to end. a bit of variety. have you had to change your christmas plans at all? completely. fa ntasy christmas plans at all? completely. fantasy christmas presents this year in our household. at least for me and the mrs. we will speak to you later on. everybody is waking up to big decisions this morning. many people, literally millions thinking about how these restrictions will affect christmas. and we will speak
to many from all sides of the argument are many different experiences between now and nine o'clock but for now, time for life on thin ice, part of our 100 women series. vocalizing climate change came along and changed everything. due to the ice melting, we have seen all of these changes. it's affecting us up here in the arctic circle. i am worried about the future. we don't have any room to give. we don't know what's going to happen. we have been here for thousands of years but now my children really
we originated about 35 years ago. four sons and two daughters, i have 1a grandchildren and two great grandchildren. we like to be called inupiaq, not eskimo. inupiaq means real people. eskimo is a non—native description of us. we know our land, it is like a heartbeat. we know how to survive, how to control the high waters, the low waters. we are our own almanac. but then climate change came along and it changed everything. suddenly, everything starts to melt. but we dealt with this
for the last ten or 15 years. we learned to keep the frustration at bay. we know we are in danger today. we know it's there. we just have to learn how to deal with it. you are listening to kotz, with a news update. summer temperatures were three degrees warmer on average this year, on top of a record spring that was 6 degrees warmer than the previous record. those temperatures mean warmer waters in the sound, which could mean changes. in the winter... i have always loved being outside with my dad, just hunting and trapping and fishing.
once you are out there, you kind of feel super insignificant, which maybe a lot of people wouldn't like to feel. you are kind of at the lands mercy, the mercy of the weather and the animals. my dad was blessed with three girls at first! and typically it is the guys who go out hunting. he had to kind of work with what he had. when i was younger, i didn't want to be, like, native, you know? i have some lighter skin friends and i wanted to be lighter skinned. but now it's so celebrated. hunting and fishing and living a subsistence lifestyle, i feel it's a huge part of my identity, who i am.
are you ready to pull up the traps? see if there's any beavers in there. when my family is out on the ice, anything can happen. we live in a place where nature rules. things can turn quickly. the weather can turn quickly. the ice breaks up. they can fall through. and they have, you know, before. it can be pretty nerve—wracking for a mum at home waiting for her crew. you never know what you're going to get...
nothing in that one either. it is important to store food for the winter. make sure you can get as much as you can of a certain meat, berry, when it's in season. we only a few hours of daylight per day. over the past years, we have seen all of these changes. there will be a little less of an animal, maybe they won't come at all. caribou is one of our main food sources. this year, we didn't get any caribou. usually they come pretty close in before. we usually go out there by boat and shoot some caribou, and stock our freezers full. but we weren't able to do that this year.
due to the ice melting, there are a lot of new waterways opening up. this will be used for shipping vessels to make their routes easier. the problem with this is that there is a lot of noise the ships make. this can have a big effect on our animals, our marine wildlife. it's like we're trying to have a conversation and there is construction happening outside. we're going to want to move to a different room to have a conversation. that's what the animals are doing. in a few years, i'm afraid that we won't have this subsistence lifestyle, we won't have a connection to the land like we used to. and my children in the future won't be able to feel this connection. in terms of climate change, earlier today when we left,
it was all solid ice. in a couple of hours, a storm surge broke up all these pieces of ice and it is moving them back in. the danger that we live in nowadays, you know, it can change just like that. if you can't predict the weather, you can't predict your safety. mum doesn't want you guys to... get all seal—y. we notice all of these changes because we are part of it, we see it. it's almost like having thousands and thousands of scientists out here every day it's a fact, it's right before you,
you can't deny it, you know? it's important to use every part of the animal because it gave itself up for you to eat and for your family to eat, and for your community to eat. 0k, remember how to do this? yes, take the flippers off first. in our culture, we are very communal, we make sure that we give a good portion of our catch especially to elders, who taught us how to do all of this. we want to make sure they are eating well.
singing i talk to my daughters a lot, and i have 16 grandkids. when i'm around them, i try to share what i've learned, my life stories, and how we were brought up. we call it our crusade, how we lived. if you want to live a good life, grasp some of that. anything domestic, i never really learned as a kid. i'm taking the time to learn it now because you need to know all of these skills to survive, and i want to be able to pass down those domestic skills to my kids. do it from this way? when you hold the fire. make sure this fur is under.
make sure the fur is back lot back in the day, they strive for perfection, because a lot of times the stitching was important. they have to go out in 40 below. and make sure that everything was just right. when i was growing up, the environment was very different. cold. it was extremely cold, lots of snow in the wintertime. some of the snow would cover as far as the roof of some homes. so it was very different. you would be hard pressed to find anyone who lives in this area that doesn't believe in climate change, global warming or anything, because we live it every day. we see the effects on the ice, year to year. we see the difference in the migration of the animals. the ice underneath the tundra, permafrost, it's supposed to be frozen 365 days a year.
we have to have our houses on stilts because the heat from your house will melt the permafrost. the temperature is rising in our area, and with the glaciers melting, water is more than it used to be, the the storms are different than they used to be. the erosion is happening. some of the villages are in danger of losing the entire village. kotzebue is projected to disappear at some point because of global warming, and the water is rising. we are right on the ocean, at sea level. there is a fear that at some point, our life is going to be moved, drastically changed or nonexistent.
my children really have no idea what's ahead of them, and it's scary. you are listening to this news update. as climate change hits coastal communities in alaska, many tribes are being forced to consider moving from their ancestral lands... the house that we live in now, my family, is the house my parents built, my dad built this entire house. so it's the house that i grew up in. chickens! they kind of look at you with one eyeball. we're here, you know, we are at
the back side in our house. it's shallow all the way over... it's like four feet deep out here. even when we go to camp, we have to go around the sand bar. it's only four feet. i am worried because we are on a small spit. we we have lagoon on one side and the sound on the other. we don't have any room to give... if the water was to come up i don't know how many feet, it would come over the road. my house is close to the lagoon. it looks cool. show daddy first. let me see! it's not easy living here. but the sense of community and the closeness that we have with people in our community is how i feel i want my children to be raised.
this is my mum and me when i was a baby. she made everything that i'm wearing. the front sea wall was put up to preserve that front street. from the time that i was a kid until the time it got put up, it narrowed a lot. there were spaces where it was only a one—way street. i don't know much about permafrost, you know. i'm not a scientist, but i can tell you what i have seen with my eyes. when i was in high school, we would take trips down the coast, we could go all the way down. but now, even this summer, whole sides of the tundra were falling,
and you could see the melting. there was like a stream of melting permafrost, you know, going out to the ocean. so i know it's melting. i know it is. people make, like, knife handles and stuff. you don't leave anything, you take the whole head and use it. john took this and made a drying rack. now we have deboned moose. in the summer we do strips because it is a four—day process.
it is like extreme free range. 0ur food comes from out there, it's roaming all those thousands and thousands of untouched acres of tundra and mountains. i believe that eskimos, inupiaq people need to eat the food that their ancestors ate. get out of the kitchen while i'm cooking! we don't have anything that connects us to a road system. so the only way to get groceries and every item that you can physically see, it got here by air. that inflates the cost of your item, because you're having to pay for the freight to get here. it's crazy how expensive things are. milk is like $11 a gallon. money makes the world go around, i guess. spicy?
no. 0k. 0ur predictable winters where we could say by october or whatever, 15, it's going to be frozen, i can do this, it's not happening any more. it's different every year. it's like a sliding scale. we don't know what's going to happen. what if i don't get fish, what if i don't get something i was counting on getting? i wanted to go fishing today. i called my aunt and she said, "let's go fishing," and then she called me last night and said, "i don't know if we can go fishing, it's supposed to be high water."
we had one of the roads blocked because the water was going up on it at six this morning. when it's like this, it means the water is high, it's all the way up here. you can see the water. i don't feel safe going out here because they can't see where the dark spots are because it snowed, it stormed over the ice and then we had the high water that came all the way up here, so i don't know if there is water in between the ice that was already established, and the snow that snowed on top of it. you could lose your feet to frostbite you step through this right here, it's dangerous. you have to have multiple ways of deciding what you're going to do. you can'tjust go, "oh, it's cold, i'm going to go on the ice." was there high water, did it freeze? did it snow? you can't see, there could be dark spots. it's kind of dangerous.
man can be the culprit behind greed to ruin the first peoples, people that thrived with the heartbeat of mother earth. why? why can't they ask us? it's a hard pill to swallow. we don't just want to survive, we want to thrive on this land. i can't imagine having to relocate the whole home just because the water is coming up over it. it's devastating as a community. my ancestors have been living off this land for a long time. they passed on their
knowledge about the land. the inupiaq are connected as a community, so i think if we really stick together, we'll be able to adapt to the changes. i think the rest of the world needs to learn from indigenous people because they learn throughout their lifespan to know how to survive. people have hearts. doesn't matter if you are a billionaire or if you live in a pitiful home, the logic is we are connected to the land. so there is time to rejuvenate hearts. this new generation, they can change their energy to fix mother earth.
good morning welcome to breakfast with chris mason and nina warhurst. 0ur headlines today: millions of people move into stricter covid restrictions, as hundreds tried to leave london before the rules kicked in. christmas plans are ruined as the relaxation of rules is severely scaled back. millions in tier four are told they can't mix with other households at all.
it is with a very heavy heart i must tell you that we cannot continue with christmas as planned. seventh heaven for liverpool as they thrash crystal palace to extend their lead at the top with their their biggest league win in 31 years. and all of us will see sunshine at times today but watch out for the dark looming clouds. showers on their way. your full christmas week forecast here on breakfast. it's sunday the 20th of december. our top story. millions of people in england and wales are waking up to new lockdown restrictions. at midnight london and large parts of the south—east of england were put into a new category of tier four — with an order to stay at home where possible. similar restrictions came into force for all of wales. the announcements were made as plans to relax restrictions over christmas were reduced. 0ur political correspondent nick eardley reports. london last night was
suddenly the last journey london last night as some made a last journey before lockdown started. but it will not be the usual christmas getaway this year. significant restrictions are now in place for large parts of england and in the whole of wales. they are coming in scotland and for millions, christmas visits will be considerably shortened or cancelled altogether. for leslie who has terminal cancer that means she will not be able to spend time with her sister. literally, i sat in my chair in floods of tears. i was messaging my family, you know, what will we do? itjust seems so unfair that somebody like me, i am terminally ill, i will not be here next christmas. people could think that 0k, that is why we celebrate christmas in the summer but i do not know if i will be here in the summer. my sister will be sitting at home by herself 100 miles away. and her presents are under the tree.
70 million people in england are back on lockdown. in london, the east and south—east of england people are urged to stay—at—home, nonessential shops are closed, plans to allow christmas bubbles have been cancelled. in the rest of england, in scotland and wales, christmas is being cut back significantly. instead of meeting for five days, christmas bubbles will only be allowed for one. christmas day itself. it is with a very heavy heart i must tell you that we cannot continue with christmas as planned. in england, those living in tier four areas should not mix with anyone outside their own household at christmas. though support bubbles will remain in place for those at particular risk of loneliness or isolation. in wales, lockdown was brought forward and came in at midnight. nicola sturgeon has said nobody should travel to scotland from the rest of the uk and she will bring in a lockdown
on the mainland from boxing day. it makes me want to cry as i am sure many of you want to cry because i know how harsh this sounds. i know how unfair it is. but this virus is unfair. the changes will come as a blow to many. the end of a tough year will be no easier. but politicians and scientists believe the risk is just too great. let's go to our political correspondent, jessica parker. jessica, are these measures an admission by the government that the restrictions so far haven't worked? it is interesting because it was only earlier this week that boris johnson said he did not want to cancel christmas and he thought it would be inhumane and then a few days later announcing major curves and leaders in other parts of the uk announcing huge changes as well. the
timei announcing huge changes as well. the time i think for the politicians in terms of this is very difficult. the prime minister said last night as the virus changes we have to change our defence but we were just days away from that wider christmas bubble kicking in. of course, many people today will be feeling very worried about the news of new variant and what we are given to understand at the moment is that yes while it is more infectious it does not appear to cause a more significant illness. but the politics of this is that you have the labour party with keir starmer accusing borisjohnson the labour party with keir starmer accusing boris johnson of the labour party with keir starmer accusing borisjohnson of being indecisive. he had called for tougher restrictions earlier in the week and as well you have pushback as well from borisjohnson's own party, some conservative backbenchers are suggesting that this shows that restrictions, lockdowns in their view do not work and there is a suggestion that they wa nt to and there is a suggestion that they want to see parliament recalled to have these changes and new rules
debated. but politics aside, the reality this morning is that millions of people across the uk are waking up and adjusting to the news that we had last night and again adjusting to a new reality. that is right, a reality for many families. andy moore is on oxford street in central london this morning. andy, businesses there are losing out on a crucial week of trading. yes. this street was incredibly busy yesterday with christmas shoppers and it will be virtually empty today stop businesses, where there are the toughest restrictions, will lose out on billions of pounds of revenue. the organisation that represents shops here in the west end in london
that was catastrophic for businesses and have asked for more government help. the cbi says it is a kick in the teeth. so what has been the reaction from people in these dear four areas? the chief medical officer was asked at a press conference yesterday what should people who are packing up their bags and thinking of heading out of town, what should they do? he said to unpack those bags. there are some people who did not hear that message or heed it. the trains were busy out of london yesterday, the seats were all booked out. busy scenes at saint pancras with people crowding onto trains and getting messages that social distancing could not be observed because of the volume of people. and what do people actually think about these new regulations? an interesting opinion poll carried out just after the an interesting opinion poll carried outjust after the press conference yesterday, 70% of people approved of the imposition of this new dear four, 78% of people said they would be changing their christmas plans
and 11% of people said they intended to break new regulations. thank you, andy. they're on 0xford to break new regulations. thank you, andy. they're on oxford street in central london. all this morning we'll be hearing from some of the people affected by the changes and finding out what it means for you. police in scotland say they will not be setting up roadblocks to enforce a christmas travel ban announced yesterday by nicola sturgeon. the first minister said a ban on travel to the rest of the uk will apply over the festive period. mainland scotland is to be put into lockdown from boxing day for at least three weeks. the dutch government has banned passenger flights between the uk and the netherlands as of six o'clock this morning because of the new variant of the virus. it has also revealed that the same strain of the infection was found in the netherlands earlier this month, and is investigating the origins of that case.
additional travel restrictions may be put in place on trains and ferries between the two countries. a uk government source has said there will be no post—brexit trade deal with the european union, unless there's a "substantial shift" from brussels in the coming days. it's understood there's likely to be a decision before christmas about whether or not to continue the talks — they remain stuck on issues around fishing and subsidies. it's less than two weeks until the transition period officially ends. never has it been more important to talk about strictly, to talk about anything else rather than the grim news around. they announced their winner last night. now i can say if you do not want to know the results, look away now. bill and 0ti! bill bailey and his dance partner 0ti mabuse have become the latest pair to lift the glitterball trophy.
i was just telling chris that the bit them made me cry was 0t i was just telling chris that the bit them made me cry was ot and her sister looking at each other. they became the latest to lift the glitter ball. the comedian has become the oldest celebrity to win the title, while his partner has become the first professional dancer to win for two years in a row. in that tribute they played to each other was beautiful. and i loved robbie. i love a bit of robbie and the duchess of cornwall popping up with her reflections on the series and as we said earlier, the escapism. i know it has always been about saturday night escapism but we have had much to escape from this year. and particularly after yesterday, i was on so many different groups talking about changes of plans and strictly was a brash of —— breath of fresh air and that leads us straight to matt. so slick, isn't she. good morning to
you both and thank you forjoining us this morning. a good breath of fresh air across the country today with some sunshine at times. this was the view yesterday across parts of wales. shall clouds will be back again today, some on the heavy side. let me show you at the moment some heavy ones have been pushing through the south—east bringing a rumble of thunder in the west the speckled blue indicating the show is coming and going already across western scotland, northern ireland especially. they will come and go all day long but there will be brea ks all day long but there will be breaks in between and the breaks between the shower become a little lengthy i suspect across the wales and south—west into the second half of the day. some parts of eastern scotla nd of the day. some parts of eastern scotland and eastern england may give way much more in the way of dry spells and fewer showers. a blustery day still, strongest of the winston western scotland, dusts in the back areas, maybe a0 or 50 mile an hour,
making it feel a little on the cool side. this evening and overnight some showers were failed through england and wales overtime only to be by persistent rain. saturated in pa rt‘s of wales be by persistent rain. saturated in part‘s of wales in the south—west especially, keep an eye on the warnings on the bbc weather website. northern england northern ireland scotland, clear skies, temperate is dropping to three or four degrees but much milder start on the south we have wind and the rain. into monday, this is where the chart is. pressure pushing across the southern half of the country, strong winds to the south and east those southern and eastern parts of england, the channel islands, some gusty winds vesting. they will ease during the day but it is here whether yellow clouds indicate some mild air. cooler conditions in scotland and northern ireland where some will start with dry bright weather. ploughed around during the morning and outbreaks of rain on the eastern parts of northern ireland are clearing, spreading into southern and eastern parts of scotland with a few showers in the north—west. turning dry across northern and eastern parts of england after a thoroughly wet start. skies will
brighten a touch, some staying on the dam size, but look at those temperatures, off. the split continues into tuesday with the weather from bringing continues into tuesday with the weatherfrom bringing cloud and further outbreak of rain again in the same areas across the south. low pressure could bring more in the way of wet and windy weather to england and wales for wednesday but that clear through and takes a warm air with it on friday and let us finish the week with some cooler conditions. most of us will see rain at times through tuesday and wednesday, most will be dry for christmas eve on thursday and christmas eve on thursday and christmas day on friday. friday will bea christmas day on friday. friday will be a frosty start but a lovely and fresh festive day as well. just before i leave, something to give you some optimism, the winter solstice is tomorrow and that does mean we are at last going to see the days draw out once again. in shetland tomorrow, only five hours and 15 minutes of sunshine and in newcastle, the sun will set at 20
minutes and 15 minutes of sunshine and in newcastle, the sun will set at 20 minutes to and 15 minutes of sunshine and in newcastle, the sun will set at 20 minutes to four. and 15 minutes of sunshine and in newcastle, the sun will set at 20 minutes to four. we and 15 minutes of sunshine and in newcastle, the sun will set at 20 minutes to four. we are and 15 minutes of sunshine and in newcastle, the sun will set at 20 minutes to four. we are clinging and 15 minutes of sunshine and in newcastle, the sun will set at 20 minutes to four. we are clinging to every nugget of good news. and that is going on. it is going into the piggy bank of good news.” is going on. it is going into the piggy bank of good news. i told you he was a breath of fresh air and we will definitely take that. longer days. and a frosty christmas morning. can we count that as a work white christmas this year?” morning. can we count that as a work white christmas this year? i think we can. definitely. it is white. a crisp fresh start. a white lie. meteorological approval, that's what we need. see you later. back to our top story. "we cannot continue christmas as planned." that was the warning from the prime minister yesterday, as he announced new tier a restrictions in london and south—east and strict new rules for the festive season. but what does it mean for some of those people who have been affected? laura howes is a student in west london who was due to fly to ireland to see family.
good morning to you, laura. it is so tough, this. i guess you were looking forward to this and then it was snatched away. yeah. i will never have the problem with the lockdown and i understand the need but the timing i will never understand. i guess because of that snatching away. it is one thing being unable to do stuff but being promised that you can and then suddenly be told that you cannot, thatis suddenly be told that you cannot, that is what hurts. definitely. especially because many students like myself are regularly tracking, trying to follow the guidelines as much as possible but the goalposts keep changing and that makes it difficult to know what is right and best to do. can you explain to us how the past few months have played out for you and why this christmas break was so important? lockdown was difficult. i have family in ireland and relatives far away from me and that was difficult. i got to go to
university and then we call coronavirus as a flat although fortu nately coronavirus as a flat although fortunately i tested negative throughout but i still had to isolate. that happened for a few weeks on and off and it was really ha rd stop weeks on and off and it was really hard stop we have been evacuated from our university building and it has been a challenging year to be away from my family and this was finally a christmas where i could just get some sort of freedom from a year that has been difficult but obviously we must adjust just like year that has been difficult but obviously we must adjustjust like i had to adjust last time. so it last night, did you try to get out of london? i had friends that were doing it, but! of london? i had friends that were doing it, but i was trying to be, i didn't think it would be a good year. i was seeing things in social media, seeing how busy the streets we re media, seeing how busy the streets were looking and stations were looking, and it didn't sit right with me. so i've stayed. laura, you sound like somebody who has
meticulously follow the rules from day one, does that make it particularly upsetting that you are now being punished, potentially, for people who have not followed the rules ? people who have not followed the rules? yeah, definitely. as frustrating as a student when there are people who have really, really large gatherings. they know that eve ryo ne large gatherings. they know that everyone wants to have fun and freshers is a thing we have missed out on, but it makes more challenging. notjust that, but stu d e nts challenging. notjust that, but students have a really bad rap. it is not just students have a really bad rap. it is notjust students but people of all generations and ages and it doesn't matter if you just want your neighbour's us for a coffee, isjust as bad as me going outside and doing whatever i want is well up that's been really challenging to now know that i have worked hard so we can all get a christmas, because this is the point, caring for each other and being compassionate because we want to protect each other, but it seems that all of that seem to go out there winding —— window as and when people feel like it. it's frustrating i won't get a christmas, but so will millions of other people who won't have a christmas. i can't just sit here and be sorry for
myself at all. i think it is fine to feel sorry for yourself, laura, i think it is great you feel fathers, but it is a grim time. what is the plan? i guess you are on your own. and that's really hard. yes, i don't know how i will deal with it, really. it will be difficult. 1820 in november and i feel really. it will be difficult. 1820 in november and ifeel really, really young. i'm sure there are people out there who are far worse off. who knows. i'm hearing if it is your last christmas, for example if your last christmas, for example if you are unwell, if you have had the year full of lockdowns we have had, i can't year full of lockdowns we have had, ican't imagine year full of lockdowns we have had, i can't imagine how that would feel. i'm lucky i've not lost anyone close to me to covid stop so why have a lot to appreciate as much as they have to mourn the loss, i guess. laura, you are a star incredibly resilient. but your family are proud you are doing what you think is the right thing at the moment. have a good christmas. laura howes, a student in london. we would love to
hear from you this morning. student in london. we would love to hearfrom you this morning. let student in london. we would love to hear from you this morning. let us know how the rules will affect your christmas plans. e—mail us or tweet at abc breakfast. you see laura being philosophical about it, she thinks it is the right thing to do and if we have to lose christmas so be it. some people are absolutely furious the decision was made so late. there are so many logistical pla nts late. there are so many logistical plants people are having to juggle with, not only the emotional toll of not seeing people, but if you have food and, we're planning to travel, or you have a giant turkey you are going to be eating untiljuly because the relatives are coming. turkey soup until summer. what we know about this new strain of the virus? we can speak now to mike tildesley, who is professor in infectious disease modelling at the university of warwick. good morning to you, mike tildesley. you study how these diseases involved, how they change. fundamentally how worried should we be about this evolution? well, i would say in the face of it, the
fa ct would say in the face of it, the fact that we have seen a new strain emerging, that is not something we should be particularly worried about, just taking that in isolation. viruses mutate all the time. this is a very natural kind of life—cycle of a virus. we will be learning about this variant is a loss over the weeks to come. the suggestions at the moment are its more transmissible. there is still some uncertainty as to exactly how much. we don't believe, looking at the data, that it is at the moment causing a greater number of people to develop severe symptoms and going to develop severe symptoms and going to stop and it's also not clear this new variant will be immune to the vaccine, as it were. we don't have any evidence to suggest the vaccine won't work stop so at the moment i would say there is not used because for concern. but i think this will be an evolving situation over the next few weeks. we will get much more evidence as we start to see more evidence as we start to see more people becoming infected, as we see the vaccine being rolled out in large numbers. we will get a greater sense of how concerned we should be.
with that in mind, mike, the suggestion that it isn't any more dangerous than the old strain, how reasonable is it for the government to have used this new strain as part of the reason for curtailing christmas plans was hello yes, and i will say that i share a lot of people's frustration.” will say that i share a lot of people's frustration. i think the timing of this was not good. we have had evidence there has been rising rates of infection in the south of england for a couple of weeks now. it's been clear we haven't been able to turn it around in our region. i think the variant is a concern and we do know that if these rises in infection rates are true then of course even if it's not causing more people to develop more severe symptoms, the fact that you've got a rising infection rate means it will put more rapid pressure on the nhs and cause an increase in hospitalisations over a shorter period. that is a concern. i would say in terms of the timing. perhaps this decision should have been made a week or two ago. understandably,
five days before christmas people are going to be extremely frustrated, they have already made their plans. i think that is a cause for concern, shall we say, at the moment. if you put christmas concerns aside, sir patrick vallance said this was seen in london and kent in september, have they acted too late in terms of the spread? well, this is one of the challenges. if you speak to me as an epidemiologist, as soon as you know there's a problem optimal thing to do is put in a controlled policy as rapidly as possible. this is a very commonsense thing to do. the problem that we have now of course is we have been under a wave of the street since for nine months now, effectively and what the government are trying to do is balance risk against long—term damage —— restrictions. we know of course that lockdown has long—term damage, not just to the economy, but also to people's non— covid health in the long—term. this is where it is a difficult balancing act. i will say the key thing going forward is we
need to be monitoring what's happening with not just need to be monitoring what's happening with notjust the rising cases but also hospitalisations. we need to keep a close eye on this and rapidly react if we see a problem across the country. it is currently concentrated in the south of england but we know with covid we are always a week or two behind the curve so we need to make sure we react rapidly if we do such as the spread in other parts of the country. what would you say to somebody who was worrying about the new strain and thinking if they can't be certain that this vaccine will be powerful enough for this new strain, i don't think they will bother with its? i will say it is important that people take the vaccine. when the trials are done they are tested against multiple variants of the virus in the first place and we have really good evidence that prior to this that has been protective across various different variants. so it is important that we have no evidence to suggest it is not protective. and given that this virus is much more transmissible, it is really, really important to get as many people as possible to take the vaccine when
they are offered and so we can get to the levels of immunity that we need across the population to protect the elderly and, ultimately, start to lift some of these restrictions. notice regardless of how the virus changes in the different directions it will inevitably take? at some point we know that obviously with viruses, what they do, it sounds a bit flippant, what viruses do as they try to survive. so they do mutate over time. and maybe at some time we have a mutation that means that the vaccine is not effective. i will say thatis vaccine is not effective. i will say that is also something that is normal. every time we have a seasonal flu strain circulating we have to develop a new vaccine to protect against whatever strain is circulating at the time. so over a longer period of time we may have to redevelop a covid vaccine that is protective against new strains. but this is something that once you have developed a vaccine for a virus it's easier to develop a new version of the vaccine to protect. good advice,
thank you, mike. very quickly, have your christmas plans change?” thank you, mike. very quickly, have your christmas plans change? i was a lwa ys your christmas plans change? i was always going to have a pretty small christmas with close family. i have a couple of family members who are by themselves and my concern is to make sure for their mental health and well—being they are with someone over christmas day. i think that is the key thing for people around the country right now, make sure you prevent loneliness and do what you can for people's mental health. tricky balance for millions of people. many thanks, mike tildesley, professor of infectious disease modelling at the university of warwick. thank you. as part of his campaign to help feed the uk's poorest families marcus rashford has got to know a number of inspiring people. you can see our documentary here on bbc one tomorrow. it sees him thank assistant head teacher zane powles spent the first lockdown walking miles to make sure that families in grimsby enough to eat. have a look. i often see on tv and social media,
blaming parents, saying they spend money on cigarettes or a big tv or phones before the children, but that is not true. certainly children rely on the free school meals. it is not that his mum was rubbish, it is because of circumstances. things happen. even when the parents have made a life choice a bad life choice, even when they have, that small percentage of the time, it is never the child's old. ever. —— fault. marcus rashford also praised zane for his work in a tweet this week. he thanked him and said that local families would be lost without him. like marcus, zane is also an mbe because of all the work he does. hejoins us now. good morning to you. morning. it must be quite something when you see yourself popping up on marcus
rashford's trigger —— to defeat 0rti documentary seeing tomorrow night. it isa documentary seeing tomorrow night. it is a bit weird. they feel quite privileged. he has done an amazing job and is an inspiration. so quite proud. how difficult has this year been for you? often poverty and extreme poverty isn't visible to the wider community, is it? it's not. i would never have imagined we would be where we are now. we send billions and billions abroad, which is great, but actually poverty is just around the corner. you just have to look for it. in our state it is quite challenging, the parents struggle, we have grandparents great families, but they have limited funds so miss out on quite a lot. as a school we just thought we would make sure they didn't miss out too much. when you are doing those, well, knocking on the doors and handing over the food, give us a sense of the kind of reaction it provoked. it clearly, it goes without saying, makes a massive,
massive difference if people are struggling to feed their children and you turn up and there is food there for them. they are really appreciative. they were free school meals, they were entitled to them anyway. the first couple of weeks of lockdown were weird. the kids were excited and quite pleased they were not as glamour to the door and smiled you would see them at the window and they would wave to me and they disappeared i would see them at they disappeared i would see them at the door. it was good and appreciative, after about three or four weeks of lockdown i was probably the only adult the parents saw every day and they wanted to speak to somebody else. and kids are raised, they are just brilliant. they were really appreciative. 0ne of the kids said thank you, i think you have saved the world! just seeing pictures of you doing the rounds. you could have put on something special to do it, honestly! laughter. eye dress school quite a lot and the kids enjoy that. the day of my deliveries eye wore a pink tutu and
top and leg—warmers for the kids. you looked lovely. you would not be wearing that at this time of year. a big part of marcus rashford's campaign has been to normalise asking for help and not feel any shame and the fact that you and your family are going through poverty at that time. how important is that message? that's a tough one. the biggest barrier, our parents are proud and did the best for their children, they don't want to ask for help. they feel they can do it themselves. but as a school, over christmas i have just themselves. but as a school, over christmas i havejust been delivering christmas hampers to all ourfamilies delivering christmas hampers to all our families and delivering christmas hampers to all ourfamilies and a lot delivering christmas hampers to all our families and a lot of people didn't ask, so in the end i was owning the parents and saying there isa hamper owning the parents and saying there is a hamper for everything you need for christmas day, please take it, we know you are struggling and eventually they took it. that is a barrier when we have got proud pa rents. barrier when we have got proud parents. there is nothing wrong with being proud and wanting to support your children on your own. clearly the pandemic has brought home to so many of us that the scale of the problem around children going
hungry, but i wonder how you reflect on the underlying issue, that was there long before the pandemic and quite possibly will be there long after it, and what needs to be done to try and tackle that?” after it, and what needs to be done to try and tackle that? i was speaking about this yesterday. before the pandemic it was exactly the same. nobody realised. in the estate was quite challenging, walking around you could really see some of the conditions some of our families are struggling with and again it is going to happen afterwards. i'm hoping that what marcus with the and the recommendations, i.e. am hoping this silence that is happening at the moment with the government aren't talking about it, i'm hoping behind the scenes they are putting things together to make sure it gets better. these recommendations, i'm sure they are expensive, but they aren't that tough to do, just making sure that children get free school meals automatically if their parents are on universal credit. that is not too much to ask for. thank you. a modestly dressed teacher given your
other outfits. a very modest blue t—shirts. thank you very much and congratulations on what you're doing. i'm so impressed. as a primary school teachers haven't got enoughin primary school teachers haven't got enough in their place to do that as well. and a reminder about that special programme. marcus rashford: feeding britain's children, is on tomorrow on bbc one at 7pm and on the bbc iplayer. looking forward to watching. stay with us, headlines coming up. hello, this is breakfast with chris mason and nina warhurst. it was a dramatic statement which changed the plans
for millions of people. the prime minister announced yesterday new, stricter rules for some parts of england, and drastic changes to the christmas rule easing. tier four restrictions are now in place across london, the south—east and east of england, affecting more than 17 million people. in these areas, people are restricted to meeting one other person in an open public space. households are no longer allowed to form ‘christmas bubbles' and non—essential shops will close, as well as gyms, beauty salons and hairdressers. for those living in tiers one to three in england, ‘christmas bubble' gatherings can now only take place on christmas day, instead of the five days of eased restrictions that was originally announced. wales has also gone into a full lockdown from this morning, with the restrictions only eased for christmas day, when people can meet with one other household.
whereas scotland has banned all travel to and from the rest of the uk during the festive season, with the highest level of restrictions coming into force for the whole country on boxing day. northern ireland has already announced its new national lockdown, from december the 26th. let's talk more about those new tier four restrictions with the mayor of london, sadiq khan. hejoins us from tooting this morning. good morning. your reaction firstly to the announcement from the government yesterday? this 11th hour announcement is a bitter blow for families who are looking forward to spending time with the families, to business who had planned for a decent few days, particularly in the retail sector, because of the awful year that they have had and it is devastating. i have spoken to many londoners who live by themselves who had purchased tickets to return to see a parent, who had brought food
for peers —— christmas and were recently told not to be silly, and maybe they should consider not relaxing the rules. thisjob maybe they should consider not relaxing the rules. this job changes top start has led to anguish and despair, sadness and disappointment andi despair, sadness and disappointment and i am afraid it makes it difficult for people like me to ask people to listen to us when they keep changing their minds. to be clear, is it the right decision, do you think? nobody should mistake my criticism of the government as advice against the rules. the rules have been brought in because the virus is spreading incredibly fast. this new strain of virus means it spreads must that make much faster. i think the decision taken was the right thing to do and follows scientific and medical advice. 0ur question is that as recently as two
days ago the government was saying they would still have the rules relax in my criticism last week is with this confusion in london where we we re with this confusion in london where we were going from lockdown 2222 tier 32 to zero for christmas and then back to tier three and the government said i was unnecessarily trying to cancel christmas and low and behold they have done that for 17 million people at the 11th hour. i wonder what you make of the pictures you may have seen of hundreds of people last night it seems in london charging two railway stations to try and escape the capital in direct contradiction of what the chief medical officer had said a few hours earlier. we're looking at some pictures saint pancras station last night, presumably you would condemn people doing that. what you saw yesterday was a direct council — a consequence of the way the statement was being made. i understand why people want to return to see their parents and
elderly relations but i think it is wrong. yesterday, technically speaking, you may not have been breaking the rules but you may have the virus and not realise you have it. you need to isolate for ten days to be sure you do not have the virus. that virus may be taken with you from london to your mother, your dad, or in elderly relation and we have a vaccine being rolled out and there is light at the end of the tunnel. how will you feel if you pass that virus onto an elderly relation, someone you love his life could well be long and fruitful because of this vaccine who may catch the virus and god forbid lose their life. the message for anybody washing today —— watching today is to not leave the area but even if you could, please do not. because you could, please do not. because you may well have the virus. keep it within london and follow the rules and let's get on top of this. can
the nhs in london cope? is there sufficient capacity? there were non— covid patients who needed medical attention did not get a because they we re attention did not get a because they were nervous or thought there was no capacity for them. so we ask anybody with other issues to contact your gp to make sure you get seen. the bad news is that yesterday i checked with colleagues in the nhs who work ha rd with colleagues in the nhs who work hard and we now have as many inpatients with covid—19 in our hospitals in london as of this weekend as we had at the peak in april and that is one of the reasons why i support government measures to have these restrictions because every year the busiest month for our hospitals is january. we are not yet injanuary and we are almost at capacity. that is why it is really important to follow the rules. we do not want the nhs to be so overwhelmed in january.
not want the nhs to be so overwhelmed injanuary. that is why i plead with londoners, those in the south—east and those across the country, wherever you are, check rules and please follow them. you are painting a bleak picture as far as the hospital situation is concerned in london because we have learned over the course of the pandemic there is a lag between people being exposed to the virus and some, unfortunately, ending up in hospital and given how you describe the situation in hospital in london at that moment, even with these measures, in two weeks time these measures, in two weeks time the situation could be bleak. these measures, in two weeks time the situation could be bleakm these measures, in two weeks time the situation could be bleak. it is really important that anyone with urgent need for assistance does not ta ke urgent need for assistance does not take this as a reason to not go to see a take this as a reason to not go to seea gp take this as a reason to not go to see a gp or go to hospital. but it isa see a gp or go to hospital. but it is a fact that there is a two—week lad between somebody being infected with the virus and then another two weeks again before they need to be hospitalised. but our hospitals have learned a huge amount in relation to how we treat the virus. there is
good news in that there is sufficient capacity but the bad news is that there is a lag. so if you we re is that there is a lag. so if you were to catch the virus today, god forbid, and need hospital care, you would need healthcare for another couple of weeks. and what we are seeing across london is an increase of those aged above 59 who have the virus and that is one of the reason that many of us, according to the government some time ago, were asked to reconsider plans for christmas. the frustration that people have is not so much that they are going into lockdown that it is so late in the day. one last question. i am conscious that we have a wobbly connection with you but your statement last night you said that face covering should be mandatory in all busy outdoor public spaces in london. i wonder, all busy outdoor public spaces in london. iwonder, precisely, where you are thinking and what would count as busy? just the imagery we saw over recent days, the pictures we saw outside stations. actually, there are no downsides to wearing a
facemask if you do it properly. if you have the virus you reduce the chance of passing it on and if someone else wears a facemask and they have the virus, it reduces the chance of catching it. so airing on the side of caution in a busy place. if you are queueing outside a shop, where a facemask outside the shop as well. if you are involved in any activity that means you come into contact with somebody, where a facemask. that will reduce the chances. 0ther facemask. that will reduce the chances. other places around the world have been successful with this andi world have been successful with this and i am calling on the government to make it compulsory here as well. thank you for your time and thank you for talking to us. that is sadik khan the mayor of london. we have had many e—mails about the rule changes and your experience and how will affect your christmas. margaret got in touch to say that she had a friend who lost a mother and stepfather to covid—19 and it is a shame about christmas but we must remember the health implications. someone else e—mailed in to say the fa ct someone else e—mailed in to say the
fact it was decided so late is a com plete fact it was decided so late is a complete failure on the part of the government. get in touch with us via oure—mail government. get in touch with us via our e—mail address if you want to share what this news means for you. let's ring in john. share what this news means for you. let's ring injohn. sports, and escapism from the bleak reality of the news and a shed load of goals i think is the term. that is the polite way of putting it. and that was in one particular match yesterday? liverpool, you can be certain that liverpool is top of the table at christmas. this is the third year in the row that that has happened and when you are on top of christmas you tend to go on to win the league. so they will be pleased. this was a sign of intent. a seven—year win for liverpool against crystal palace yesterday, their biggest in the league and 31 years. mo salah, on as a substitute an hour in, still found time to score two of them, he's the premier league's leading goalscorer. a huge win, the first time in liverpool's history, they've won a top flight away game by a seven goal margin.
alan shearer said he's not sure arsenal will avoid relegation, their four points above the dop zone, losing again, this time to everton 2—1, who are now second, yerry mina with their second. problems continue for mikel arteta. the way they reacted on sunday in the dressing room, it tells me that they have the belief because they know what they are doing and the way they are losing. but obviously when you lose that many for different reasons, it hurts a lot. manchester city moved to within a point of the top four, they beat southampton 1—0. raheem sterling finishing off this ball from kevin de bruyne. saturday's other match featured a comic own goal from matt ritchie but his newcastle side earned a point at home to fulham thanks to callum wilson's second half penalty. it's looking good for rangers
in the scottish premiership. a 3—1 win over motherwell leaves them 16 points clear. a goal for cedric itten and two from kemar roofe in the final 17 minutes ensured they bounced back after defeat in the league cup. british boxer callum smith was well beaten in his super middleweight clash with saul ‘canelo' alvarez this morning, who inflicted the liverpudlian's first defeat. alvarez, widely regarded as one of the best pound—for—pound boxers on the planet. takes smith's wba belt and the vacant wbc belt. he won on a unanimous points decision. he himself has only lost once before. following in the footsteps of a famous father is never easy, made even harder if yours happens to be tiger woods. but woods junior looks every bit as good as his dad, with charlie paired alongside him at a tournament in florida, a competition that pairs professionals with a family member this is the 11—year—old setting himself up for an eagle at the third hole. charlie and tiger posted a 10—under round of 62 to tie for sixth place
with five other teams. charlie is the youngest to play in this 36—hole event that began in 1995. i really don't care about my game i am just making sure that charlie has the time of his life and he is doing that and people, they can share that with him and he can enjoy all of this. because he is our eldest, i have to do. as lovely. they both take shots at times. and there are occasions when tiger doesn't need to take one because charlie has it nailed. leave it to me, dad. i've got this. it is
a quarter to eight. andrew marr will be on bbc one at nine o'clock. who do you have this morning? it isa it is a confusing and worrying morning for millions and millions of people. they will be talking to matt hancock, lisa nandy, labour's shadow foreign secretary, and for some medical and signs advised to doctor susan hopkins of public health england who have been told by the government in investigating this new variant of coronavirus and to doctor maria van kirk of comedy go to epidemiologist at the world health 0rganization. being just before christmas, i will talk to the archbishop of canterbury, justin welby, and finally we will be played out by the great annie lennox. oh, annie lennox! that is terrific. we will speak to you later. interesting chatting to matt hancock. look at those clouds. matt has the weather. they are cumulus, that is
the word? they are. almost cumulus members. you can see billowing over southampton. a good morning to you. more of those clouds across the country today full of a mix of sunshine and showers. the show was heavy and for some sundry. already the odd flash of lightning so by today across the south—east are now more recently putting in across western scotland, a smile with ease. frequent showers. the doubles across the south—east will clear, continuing with the showers at the moment, you can see across many southern and western areas, dries across eastern scotland and england. some of you will stay dry all day long. not everyone will each other through the day. gaps between the shovels will mean sunshine, like we did yesterday, may be fewer showers this afternoon compared with yesterday afternoon. a blustery day across the country once more. to show you the wind gusts in the black arrows of today, the strongest will be was the west of scotland. it could touch up to 50 mph times. into the evening and overnight, temperatures first, it will be a
fresher day than yesterday especially given the strength of the winds. temperatures are starting to more widely be in single figures. that means another corner to come. they across the northern half of the country. clear skies and showers. a clear start to the note across many parts of england and wales, rain returns, more persistent across the midlands, southern england, in wales by the time we had sunday night. and onto saturated ground that means there is an ongoing risk of flooding. that is a weather system that will be around bringing with it some mild air. tomorrow a fairly wet start for many parts of england and wales and brightening up later. a little bit of brightness at times for scotland and northern ireland thatis for scotland and northern ireland that is how it is looking. they will have more later, nina and chris. thank you. the move to tier a in london and parts of the south of england will have come as a huge shock to the millions of people who have been affected and whose plans for the festive season who have been disrupted. we're joined now by susan michie, who is a professor of health psychology at university
college london. this is a lot for millions of people to get their heads around after an already difficult year. good morning. it is. especially given it is so last—minute. for two weeks now scientist and in the independent and the editor of the health service journal imploring for the government to rethink christmas, because even before there was mention of a variance, it was already evidence that transmission rates were soaring up that transmission rates were soaring up in many parts of the country, hospitals were completely overstretched, antivirus was only going to do one thing over christmas and that was become part of a mass supersprint event. susan, you are an expert in how we think at times like this, to what extent do we relax a little bit because we knew a vaccine was being rolled out and because we we re was being rolled out and because we were giving —— been given these photos over christmas, the people begin to think it can't be that bad?
the evidence suggests that people we re the evidence suggests that people were adhering to the restrictions just as much of —— as they have been all the way since the summer and also the polling showed that a9% thought restrictions won't strict enough and only 10% thought they we re enough and only 10% thought they were too strict. so it wasn't so much a question of people not adhering to the restrictions, but the restrictions were just too loose for the situation we are in. so for the last two weekends we have seen shopping centres absolutely pat, often with people not wearing face masks. and that inevitably leads to increased transmission. so i think that the actual situation is that when we, certainly in england, came out of what was called lockdown bus you know, universities and schools we re you know, universities and schools were open and things were moving around a lot, the transmission rates in the community were not low enough
for us to be able to lift it, if we had any prospect of being able to be together at christmas, and especially when we still don't have a test, trace, and isolate system thatis a test, trace, and isolate system that is up to scratch and working properly. and your view it is not about people relaxing by the rules not going far enough. with that in mind, what is the impact on the way people think if they have been following the rules, perhaps they have been enhanced restrictions for many months now and think they are being punished again, even though i've followed the rules, what's the point? i think, again, the i've followed the rules, what's the point? ithink, again, the evidence shows that when people see the seriousness of a situation and when they believe that their behaviour can makea they believe that their behaviour can make a difference, especially to protecting others, communities and the nhs, that has really motivated people to adhere to the restrictions. the evidence suggests that around 80% also say they are adhering nearly all the time to the
restrictions, so there are a small group of people who are not and they tend to be younger people and especially younger men. susan, people having to strike the balance. most families now are thinking if they were going to absorb other families into their own on christmas day, big decisions to be made. what would you say to them?” day, big decisions to be made. what would you say to them? i will say keep your eye on the ball. keep thinking about what we all want, which is to get out of this pandemic as quickly as possible. the only way of getting out of the pandemic as quickly as possible is, sadly, to reduce physical space, physical contact with other people will. but it doesn't mean that we can't see each other and we need to really focus on digital parties, get—togethers, or we can still see individuals, one at a time, outside. we could have a whole series of christmas day walks and have a focus this year on neighbours and the
community around one where we can go outside to meet one person at a time and make the most of the situation we are in. i'm also calling on the government to announce two extra days of bank holiday‘s next, say, june, when it is safe enough for the country as a whole to celebrate turning the corner on this pandemic so people can think about celebrating the equivalent of christmas next summer when it is really safe to do so. extra bank holidays! you won't find anyone arguing with that. susan michie, professor of health psychology, many thanks for that and have a very merry christmas. -- thanks for that. although we might have been spending more time at home than usual over the last few months, one thing has definitely brought a bit of sparkle to our saturday nights. we are determined to borrow a better that sparkle and bring it to sunday morning. 2020's strictly come dancing came to a typically glamorous end with last night's final as we found out who took home the glitterball. if you've still to catch up,
it might be time to go and pop the kettle on. 0ur entertainment correspondent colin paterson was watching. i now reveal this tricky come dancing champions 2020 are... bill and 0ti! dancing champions 2020 are... bill and oti! bill bailey, strickler come dancing champion and, at the age of 55, 13 years older than any winner before. thejudges praised him for his ease of movement and lightness on his feet. and it was the viewers who voted for him. it feels surreal, it feels extraordinary, it feels wonderful. i'd never thought that we would get this far. they never thought that we would get to the final. but i have the most extraordinary teacher, the most extraordinary teacher, the most extraordinary dancer. indeed, oti mabuse became the first professional to win two years in a row and only the second double winner in the
history of the show. who believed in me right from the beginning and she found something in me and turned me into this, into a dancer. thank you, 0ti. # the show must go on. # the show must go on... earlier, they had scored a perfect 3a they showed dance to when's the show must go on and even received official messages from the bad. bill, genius, it is your old friend brian just calling in to say i don't think you need any luck for this next bit, think it is in the bad. we always knew you were a bit ofa in the bad. we always knew you were a bit of a genius with the comedy and the music, but who would have guessed you would entrance a nation with your incredible ballroom dancing skills? # to me... each couple had to do three dances in the final. thejudges made bill and 0ti revisit the doctor dolittle themes
quick—step complete with cgi elephants. while their own choice was to go back to the rappers delight routine. and for the first time all series, bill and 0ti were joint top of the leaderboard when it came to the vote. they were joined by east maisie who scored a perfect 30 for her showed dance. and the singer harvey who landed full marks for his american smooth. but when it comes to strictly, viewers love a journey to see and reward improvements. think back to week one, craig revel horwood gave bill bailey a free for his cha—cha—cha. now he is the champion. colin paterson, bbc news.
nina just used a very big word when we we re nina just used a very big word when we were watching that. they had to write it down. synchronicity. incredible synchronicity. rappers delight was the absolute highlight for me for the absolute competition. heidi stephens has been blogging this year's competition for the guardian online and joins us now. good morning to you. good morning. i was reading your blog and spotted you after the big announcement for bill and you were saying you felt a tiny bit smug because you called it right on bbc breakfast.” tiny bit smug because you called it right on bbc breakfast. i call the right on bbc breakfast. i call the right and that doesn't happen often. idid say right and that doesn't happen often. i did sayjamie would go last week and it wasn't. my kind of got it half right. was he the worthy winner than? he was completely the worthy winner. you have to remember that in the grand final the judges‘ scores don‘t count for anything. 0n the grand final the people vote. and bill bailey was the people‘s choice.
he showed us everything he had learned over the last nine weeks last night and it was just so entertaining and quite moving to watch in lots of ways. one think people really got behind him. so i think they would definitely worthy winners. help me out with the jargon that nina is using. synchronicity. for street dance, particularly, that absolute kind of co—ordination of the two dancers is critical, otherwise it just the two dancers is critical, otherwise itjust doesn‘t work. i think bill had incredible musicality. anybody who has ever seen his comedy live knows how much music plays a part in that for him. and he turned up with that already incredible rhythm and musicality and then just turned that into synchronised dance and it was extraordinary. it means doing stuff at the same time, chris.” extraordinary. it means doing stuff at the same time, chris. ijust wrote musicality down as well. another big word for you. people talked about maisie being a bit state school and harvey being a
performer, but bill bailey with his musicality, the fact he is a performer and a musician, he had quite a lot in his arsenal from performer and a musician, he had quite a lot in his arsenalfrom day one. he had some natural skills but they don‘t always translate to the dance floor. we saw a loss of people who don‘t necessarily have the co—ordination. i think it gave him a natural advantage for sure. but he had never been a dancer. he never had never been a dancer. he never had any dance experience. he was still learning all of the routines from scratch. very briefly, heidi, it was just a trial that the programme was on, it gave us great escapism. —— trial. programme was on, it gave us great escapism. -- trial. absolutely. what a tremendous achievement to deliver something on a scale. in the spring a lot of people did not think it would happen, myself included. the fa ct we would happen, myself included. the fact we made it to last night was an absolute triumph and i absolutely salute everybody that made that happen. nice to talk to you, heidi,
merry christmas. thank you for your time. you too. we‘ll be back with the headlines on the bbc news channel injust a moment. but right now we say goodbye to viewers on bbc one. bye for now. have a good day. good morning welcome to breakfast with chris mason and nina warhurst. 0ur headlines today... millions of people move into stricter covid restrictions, as hundreds tried to leave london before the rules kicked in. christmas plans are ruined as the relaxation of rules is severely scaled back.
millions in tier a are told they can‘t mix with other households at all. it is with a very heavy heart i tell you we cannot continue with christmas as planned. seventh heaven for liverpool as they thrash crystal palace to extend their lead at the top with their their biggest league win in 31 years. and whilst all of us will see sunshine at times today, watch out for some dark looming clouds. there could be some big showers on their way. details on that and your full christmas week forecast, here on breakfast. weather sot it‘s sunday the 20th of december. our top story. millions of people in england and wales are waking up to new lockdown restrictions. at midnight london and large parts of the south east of england were put into a new category of tier a with an order to stay at home where possible. similar restrictions came into force for all of wales. the announcements were made as plans to relax restrictions over christmas were reduced. 0ur political correspondent nick eardley reports.
london last night, where some made a last—minute journey before lockdown started. but there won‘t be the usual christmas getaway this year. significant restrictions are now in place in large parts of england and in the whole of wales. and they are coming in scotland. and for millions, christmas visits will be considerably shortened or cancelled altogether. for lesley nelson, who has terminal cancer, that means she won‘t be able to spend time with her sister. literally, i just sat in my chair in floods of tears. and messaging my family, you know, what are we going to do? itjust seems so unfair. for somebody like me, i‘m terminally ill, i won‘t be here next christmas. people may think, 0k, that‘s all right. we‘ll celebrate christmas in the summer. i don‘t know if i‘m going to be here in the summer. my sister is going to be sitting at home by herself 100 miles away,
and her presents are under the tree. 70 million people in england are back in lockdown. in london, the east and south east of england, people are being urged to stay at home. nonessential shops are closed, plans to allow christmas baubles have been cancelled. in the rest of england, in scotland and in wales, christmas has been cut back significantly. instead of meeting for five days, christmas baubles will only be allowed for one, christmas day itself. —— christmas bubbles. it is with a very heavy heart, i must tell you we cannot continue with christmas as planned. in england, those living in tearful areas should not mix with anyone outside their own household at christmas. though support bubbles will remain in place for those at particular risk of loneliness and isolation. in wales, lockdown was brought forward and came in at midnight. nicola sturgeon has said nobody should travel to scotland from the rest of the uk, and that she will be bringing a lockdown
on the mainland from boxing day. it makes you want to cry, as am sure many of you listening want to cry, because i know how harsh this sounds. i know how unfair it is, but this virus is unfair. the changes will come as a blow to many. the end of this tough year is going to be no easier, but politicians and scientists believe the risk was just too great. nick eardley, bbc news, westminster. let‘s go to our political correspondent, jessica parker. jess, many arguing this morning it would have not come to this had they looked and there is sadly sooner. criticism facing borisjohnson and the government this morning. it was only a few days ago that boris johnson was challenged as to whether he did need to go on further. he said he thought it would be inhuman to cancel christmas, and here we are a few days later with a major curve being an ounce. in wales and
scotla nd being an ounce. in wales and scotland as well. the prime minister‘s argument last night was that the virus is changed and hence we need to change too, but for all the leaders, the timing of this is incredibly difficult. it is just days from the original christmas bottle of bubbles starting to kick in and many will have made their plans. and many people as well will now be worried about this new variant of their virus. what we are given to understand is that yes it is more infectious but no evidence to suggest it causes more disease, for example. people are digesting all that news as well. in terms of the politics of this, labour leader keir starmer suggested last night the prime minister had been decisive about bringing tougher measures earlier in the week. i think the prime minister will bring some resista nce prime minister will bring some resistance and criticism from his own backbenchers. some will say they
think this cycle of restrictions on lockdown is hasn‘t worked. there are even suggestions that parliament should be brought back from its christmas break for a chance to debate and vote on these issues. politics aside this morning, the truth is that millions of people across the uk are waking up and digesting the news that came overnight, and of course, adjusting again to this difficult reality. lots of conversations of families this morning. thank you. andy moore is on oxford street in central london this morning. andy, businesses there are losing out on a crucial week of trading. good morning. there are obviously economic repercussions as well, aren‘t they? many businesses hoped the coming days days would be hugely important in recovering lost ground. yesterday, was probably in
incredibly busy here. today, it will be virtually deserted. businesses we re be virtually deserted. businesses were looking forward to the most lucrative few days of the year. they will be losing billions of pounds in those areas in tearful and in wales where they have to shut down. a representative here said it was catastrophic for businesses and they are calling for more government health. the reaction of people here in london? the chief medical officer chris whitty was asked last night about people thinking of packing their bags and heading out of town before the restrictions come into force. his advice was to unpack their bags, but many people did not hear the advice or didn‘t heed it. chain tickets were selling out within a few hours. very difficult to social distance on those crowded trains. big changes here. the mayor
of london was speaking to breakfast a short time ago. my message to anyone watching in london and the south—east is that you can't leave because it would be breaking the rules, but even if you could please don't. what has been the reaction and what do they think of these new restrictions? an opinion poll was carried out after the press conference. 78% of people, the vast majority said they would have to change their plans for christmas, but only 11% said they intended to break the regulations. the dutch government has banned passenger flights between the uk and the netherlands as of six o‘clock this morning because of the new variant of the virus. it has also revealed that the same strain of the infection was found in the netherlands earlier this
month, and is investigating the origins of that case. additional travel restrictions may be put in place on trains and ferries between the two countries. a uk government source has said there will be no post—brexit trade deal with the european union, unless there‘s a "substantial shift" from brussels in the coming days. it‘s understood there‘s likely to be a decision before christmas about whether or not to continue the talks. they remain stuck on issues around fishing and subsidies. it‘s less than two weeks until the transition period officially ends. it is eight minutes past eight. here‘s matt with a look at this morning‘s weather. i love an urban shot like that. you know i do. after some early is showers, we have some clearer skies
developing. sunshine punctuated by the odd heavy shower in rumble of thunder mixed in for good measure. those are the downpours we saw across the south—east. they are now clearing the way. in the west the showers are most frequent. some flashes of light neighing across mullen pushing into western scotland. there will be some sunshine between the showers, and the gaps getting bigger in the afternoon. some of you will stay com pletely afternoon. some of you will stay completely dry all day long and by the showers altogether. temperature —wise, it‘s a little bit fresher than this morning. temperatures will be as high as they were yesterday, and that is because we‘ve also got some gusty winds, touching nearly 50 mph in scotland. just down a little bit from what we saw yesterday. temperatures will drop away quite quickly into the evening. down to
two or three degrees for some. temperatures will rise across the south as the reins comes back in. grand saturated here and rivers already running high. northern england, scotland and northern ireland, still some clear skies into the morning, but if he is showers. a bit of a north—south split tomorrow. this weather system in the south will contain some mild air in and around it. further north, the colder air pushing its way in. this will be air pushing its way in. this will be a better chance of seeing some sunshine at times. there will be some cloudy moments and some rain, northern ireland particularly in the morning. scotland into the afternoon. early rain across the northern and eastern half of england and eventually eating. the temperatures across the south 13 to 15 degrees and six to seven across the northern half of the uk. there will be clear skies across the north
tomorrow evening. the splitting conditions will continue into tuesday and wednesday. southern areas, particularly in wales will be seeing some rain at times put sometimes in the heavy side. by christmas eve, more if you will be becoming dry as the rain gradually clears. let‘s have a sneaky peek at what to expect on christmas day. for us to start on christmas morning across the country after is clear skies through the night. there will be thrust on the ground. a covering —— rather than a covering of white snow. they could be a little bit of whingeing us over the hills, but meant for many a sunny christmas rather than a white christmas. —— wintry nests. thank you, matt. sunny, and bright and frosty i will take that for
christmas day. it is 11 minutes past date. "we cannot continue christmas as planned." that was the warning from the prime minister yesterday, as he announced new tier a restrictions in london and south east and strict new rules for the festive season. the government say the changes have to be brought in because of a new variant of the coronavirus. let‘s take a look at the latest figures with our health correspondent katherine dacosta. hospitals in parts of london, kent and essex are coming under intense pressure. they are seeing a surge in new covid admissions, up by around a third in a week due to a spike in infections. an initial investigation has found a new variant of coronavirus is significantly more infectious than previous strains, and now accounts for more than 60% of cases in london. the scientists say at this stage there is no suggestion it causes more serious illness or would impact the effectiveness of vaccines. at the downing street news conference, government advisers
said it was time to act. this virus spreads more easily, and therefore more measures are needed to keep it under control. we absolutely need to stick to the basics of making sure that we reduce our contact, reduce the ability for the virus to spread, and that is the reason that tougher measures are required to keep this variant under control. vaccines offer a way out. 350,000 people across the uk have received their first dose. if the oxford vaccine is approved before the end of the year, millions of the most vulnerable could be protected within months. so, how has the rise in cases affected hospitals? and how may it affect cuss beetles in the coming weeks? we can speak now to dr ganesh suntharalingam who is an icu consultant and outgoing president of the intensive care society. good morning. thanks for talking to
us. how worried are you? so, i think we are concerned about rising cases. let me put it into context. hospitals across the country have been under sustained pressure since december actually. hospitals were working hard to cope with ongoing cases and looking after people with the non—covid ingle esses and carry on with nonurgent surgery which is missing from earlier in the year. from the northwest the northeast and midlands, we are seeing in northern ireland, our colleagues telling us they have been operating above capacity in many places. it puts pressure on staff and people the whole range of in illnesses. we are concerned, but we are also concerned
about the impact of mixing people over christmas, and fully appreciate there are lots of people for whom this will come as a massive blow, and businesses. from the point of view coming through intensive care and our ability to look after everyone, we were alarmed at the idea of everyone mixing for whatever period over christmas.” idea of everyone mixing for whatever period over christmas. i was talking to the mayor of london about half an hour ago, to the mayor of london about half an hourago, and he was to the mayor of london about half an hour ago, and he was talking with real concern about hospital capacity already in the capital. and as we have learnt throughout this pandemic, there is a lag between people catching the virus, being exposed, and some people who get it ending up in hospital. i wonder where you feel london in particular might be in those areas and tier a and a couple of weeks‘ time. might be in those areas and tier a and a couple of weeks' time.” might be in those areas and tier a and a couple of weeks' time. i think thatis and a couple of weeks' time. i think that is right. there is a time because for these things as we saw earlier in the year as well. in this
area, we are seeing the world is a very busy already. and that leads to increased pressure on intensive care units. we have a greater supply of equipment than before. everyone that needs the care will get it we hope. it does already mean things like elective surgery will now be impacted. we are concerned there will be a slight rise in numbers which will cause more pressure. it is important to say it has an impact on staff as well. we have incredible staff who are incredibly fatigued from earlier in the year. all these things have an impact on staff as well as the patients they are looking after. people will be very
reassured to hear you saying this morning that everyone who needs care will get it. you are absolutely confident in that? earlier in the spring, there was the potential that the nhs would be entirely overwhelmed leaving doctors with decisions to make over who will get a ventilator and who wouldn‘t for instance. as far as covid cases are concerned, you instance. as far as covid cases are concerned , you are instance. as far as covid cases are concerned, you are confident that anyone needing help will get it? and non—covid as well, actually. we did see people thinking maybe they shouldn‘t go to hospital, but people shouldn‘t go to hospital, but people should access health care if they need it. to answer your question about capacity, i mean, right at the beginning of the year, firstly, we are all living very differently to how we are now. the rate of onset was really high, so at that stage we didn‘t know what the outcome would be. but it did start to slow down the cases. we are in a different
place now. i‘m confident everyone will get the care they need. as i say, it comes at the price. it may be that people with non—covid mac conditions will be treated slightly differently. and if some people can wait, unfortunately that may mean they will be waiting. but i‘m confident that patients will get what they need. has it affected your own christmas plans? personally, i was working on christmas anyway, but it will have impacted a lot of people. the staff themselves were looking forward to some sort of break as well, but this is necessary and this is about being able to avoid lockdown in the new year. the more impact now, perhaps you can relax at some point in the future.
thank you very much. one of the areas that has been worst affected by rising cases is kent, which has now gone into tier a. we can speak now to roger gough, who is the leader of kent county council. thank you for talking to a son what will inevitably be a busy day. when did you get wind of this change?m terms of the actual moving to tier 4, terms of the actual moving to tier a, at the same time as everyone else. clearly, we have been in extensive discussions with government about the overall situation, but in terms of any move to tfl, ie certainly knew no more about it than anyone else. has it come too late? last night we heard this new variant was seen in mid september in kent. certainly, it has come at a time in the run—up to christmas, the timing is particularly distressing for a
number of people. we had seen big increases in kent. they started pretty late. the actual increases in kent ina pretty late. the actual increases in kent in a big way only came through in the second half of october. what we then saw, and i think this is what we saw yesterday, really trigger a said of decisions that we have now seen, was that in kent and the numbers did not come down. we we re the numbers did not come down. we were on international lockdown, tier 3, and now figures have gone up. for a while, they were plus or minus a bit, but not coming down in the way that they had in the north of england after tier 3 restrictions. and then, they started to accelerate again. so, many of us were genuinely puzzled by this, and very very concerned. it does seem the new variant of the virus is an important explanation. it has got to the point where in swale has a worst affected
area 792 per 100,000. could the government of done more sooner? there are a series of steps that all of us took. in the national lockdown, we saw again the move towards tier 3. what we have been keen to do for quite a long time is to have military support, which we do now have, particularly in regard to asymptomatic testing. we were equally very keen to ensure that we got co nta ct equally very keen to ensure that we got contact tracing at a local level, and those have now come through. but clearly, those are the things we need to focus on now, because what we need to do is get those cases down. we understand now in terms of that new strain of the virus white has proved so resistant to numbers coming down. as i say, it
did in other parts the country. in the local county park council and all our partners in kent, the focus is on testing and contact tracing and continuing to communicate very closely with our residents and ensure, when necessary, withdrawals. through 0ctober ensure, when necessary, withdrawals. through october and november you are asking for more support. what was the government saying to you? we will listen to, and it certainly wa nted will listen to, and it certainly wanted to get these particular decisions taken as early as possible. what i would say is that what we now have does give us the opportunity to act on that, but clearly we need to do that as quickly as possible. the impact we have seen that mac it is also fair to say the situation in kent change significantly over time. what we
first saw was quite significant outbreaks across the north kent. swale is very much part of that. we saw the numbers go up, and then what we have seen more recently as a spread much more widely across pretty much the entire county. there is no district or borough of kent now that is below national average. they are all materially above national average. finally, what impact will these new tearful measures have on businesses and families and you? it is a big blow to people in kent, businesses in kent, and that is necessary as people believe it is. it is a very severe blow, and i think what we need to see is that we will go on doing all that we can, and we want
equally to work with government to ensure that for example business support that is out there takes out of the economy. we have in kent some very small enterprises that are slightly creative for a visitor economy. we need to ensure that individuals and those businesses are as strong as possible. many thanks for joining as strong as possible. many thanks forjoining us this morning and i hope you can have some christmas merriment. 2a minutes past eight. we have got used to talking to you about our pictures. you might be used to storing your family photos on your smartphone these days, but a little while ago we told you about a film—maker who made it his mission to collect thousands of forgotten slides to look back on family life.
gorgeous! and leejoins us now from paris. it was mesmerising looking at those slides, not least because you start painting your own story to them as a viewer. you look at them and think what is going on there? what is the interaction between those two people? how has their day been? so many stories behind each image. people? how has their day been? so many stories behind each imagem is amazing to have this collection and christmas is one time where we‘ll take pictures, so this
collection is the largest. it‘s amazing to see all those people there. i always wondered who they are and what their thinking as well. just to be clear, you don‘t necessarily know who they are. just let it snow how you accumulated all the slides. a few years back, i went and bought some slides online and a box of slides arrive that no one wa nted box of slides arrive that no one wanted and i started looking at them and there were moments of intimacy in life that will last forever, so collecting them became processional, because none of them wanted to be thrown away. so it‘s memory that had been lost and i made it my mission to start collecting them. 0bviously, you can see from the images, they are fantastic moments of life unfiltered. real honesty and intimacy that i think are just a treasure. it's a real point the
unfiltered thing. these days with smartphones and the capacity to take as many photos as we like, we don‘t and get the kind of picture with the thumb over the lanterns, or we might be put off sending in a whatsapp group are grandad asleep in a chair. in that sense, it‘s kind of more authentic. i totally agree with you. there that imperfection that makes it endearing. today in social media, which is the image and crop it and make sure it‘s the best image. when you see life unfiltered there it is more endearing and it pretense and intimacy we don‘t often see in images today. talk is through your favourites then. there are some absolute stone cold christmas classics in there, aren‘t there? i didn‘t realise that they are so quintessentially british aren‘t they? i bought some paper hats over to my family in law and put them on
them for christmas and they looked at me like i was an alien saying what are you doing? i don‘t think anywhere in the world does that kind of tradition, but it‘s an icebreaker. i of tradition, but it‘s an icebrea ker. i love of tradition, but it‘s an icebreaker. i love that about these christmas characters —— christmas crackers. you can be as posh as you want, and put the paper hat on. i think it‘s great. want, and put the paper hat on. i think it's great. if you take them out of the cracker to quickly they are no use at all. i still love them. with all of this cataloguing and digitising is almost a race against time because of the capacity of the slides to degenerate. absolutely. 0ne of the slides to degenerate. absolutely. one of the goals of what iam doing absolutely. one of the goals of what i am doing is to save these images, and once we get them we scan them and once we get them we scan them and once we scan we have the image forever in some respects. but these are the things we‘re talking about. these little slides here. they do in
time to generate and lose the images, so it is a race against time. that is my favourite one. that‘s a cracker isn‘t it? do you not think it said looking at some of these that the owners never got to see them? it is melancholic in a sense, but i think almost it gives them a second life and brings these people back to life and is lovely to see these moments. i think it is not just a nostalgic quality. i think they represent quite a lot of our lives today. we can associate a lot with these images. i love that one with these images. i love that one with a lampshade. it‘s fantastic. so much fun. relate ability, and then that slap shop of a different —— that slap shop of a different —— that snapshot of a different era. really appreciate you talking to us. just what the doctor ordered this morning. wasn‘t it. stay with us, headlines coming up.
hello, this is breakfast with chris mason and nina warhurst. "we cannot continue christmas as planned." that was the warning from the prime minister yesterday, as he announced new tier a restrictions in london and south east and strict new rules for the festive season. but what does it mean for some of those people who have been affected? we can speak now to daniel shamim, who owns a gym in new malden, and elisha jeffries who lives in surrey but was due to travel back to scotland to visit family.
how are you feeling? it is what it is, isn‘t it? ifeel dejected, pretty devastated. it was a big year for you and your family, what were some of the occasions you are going to celebrate? it was my mum's 60th birthday in the summer, i miss that because i was in quarantine. we had our honeymoon arrange for the summer and we change it to france because we thought it would be safe, but we managed to get back 12 hours after the quarantine laws were brought in and it was my brother‘s a0th birthday which we must. but everybody must be feeling this huge loss at the moment with the really late announcement that was made.
daniel, we will bring you into the conversation. you have been setting up conversation. you have been setting upa gym conversation. you have been setting up a gym with your brothers this year, and that is a big endeavour starting a business at any time, but to do it with these restrictions, not knowing from one week to the next what is going on, that must be tough? it has been difficult, it has been difficult to say the least. we we re allowed been difficult to say the least. we were allowed to open our doors, then were allowed to open our doors, then we had to shut them. to say we are struggling, i know everybody else is in the same boat, but it is very difficult. it is admirable how you both reflect everybody is in the same boat or people are in worse situations, but have you feared for the future of your business? myself and my team, we have to look to the future and see how long this lockdown will last and if there will be more into 2021. difficult times
at the moment, we are looking at the financial help that is given from the council and the government. again, how long that will be benefit for our business. but you look across the board at how many businesses are suffering at the moment as well. is it worse to have it cancelled at this point when you have got your hopes up and geared up to see everyone, would it have been better to know from the start it wasn‘t going to happen? better to know from the start it wasn't going to happen? absolutely. i was still quite tentative about everything until thursday when boris johnson said it would be inhuman to cancel it. i think that word has been plastered all over the internet recently. i had even booked to have my car fixed in scott lincoln —— scotla nd my car fixed in scott lincoln —— scotland because i was sure he would not go back on it having use that persuasive language. it is heartbreaking. your dad, who you
said is very stoic, a man of few words, he is pretty upset? this is the only time i will get to see them, i haven‘t seen them for a year. iam them, i haven‘t seen them for a year. i am a schoolteacher and i can only go up there in the holidays. it is an eight—hour drive and ijust wa nt to is an eight—hour drive and ijust want to hug my family. especially professionally you have had one heck ofa professionally you have had one heck of a year? absolutely, what has been really important to us, as teachers, putting on a brave face, making sure life feels as normal as possible for those children. this was our time, time to see our families and put ourselves first. we cannot do that now. i completely understand and life... life is more important. but it doesn‘t make it any easier. i just want everybody to know that it is ok to not feel 0k at the moment
and feel sad about it, we have to do it. absolutely, those feelings of gloom, really. that is the bleak reality of it. daniel, i wonder what the impact is for you and your family on your christmas plans? obviously, they have all been put on hold until next year, we hope. because talking about a mental standpoint, how it is affecting people, when the news was announced a lot of our members were distraught and very upset. we have had a series of e—mails and phone calls to see if we are closed or if we are remaining open. we have had to close our doors. i can't eat and meet with my brothers or my mum and dad. it is difficult. i hope you both get
through this christmas as best you can and then make up for it with your nearest and dearest next year, hopefully. thank you for talking to us this morning and particularly, as she said, it is ok not to feel 0k this money. last night‘s news was upsetting for people who have spent the last year missing people and looking forward to this five day period and have been as philosophical as they can about the health implications but feeling sad about it. we will be telling your stories throughout the week here on brea kfast. stories throughout the week here on breakfast. we have been trying to unpick these new rules because they are changing quickly and in different parts of the uk. let‘s speak to professorjason leitch, who is the national clinical director for scotland. good morning. good morning, both how are you today? as good as possible in the circumstances. tell us about
the rules in scotland? it is a tough few days, isn‘t it? no one probably, from the advisers will know we have not been relaxed about christmas. but the new variant of the virus has pushed us over into being worried about christmas. in scotland, we are staying in our levels, what we have got from zero to number four. most people are in 302 until christmas day, then on christmas day, for 2a hours from midnight to midnight, we are sticking with the proposed relaxation, but only if you have to do it which is eight people indoors from three households. but you must be able to get there and back in that same day. and then from midnight on christmas day, this is the horrible bit for everybody, including me and my family, we will go into our level a in mainland scotla nd go into our level a in mainland scotland from midnight on christmas
day. christmas day is hugely important to so many people and so many people in scotland were looking forward to it. but as national clinical director, is that balance right? if more people are mixing on christmas day than they would be on any other day because the rules allow it, that will mean more people getting the virus and more people dying, isn‘t it? getting the virus and more people dying, isn't it? that is the blunt truth, chris. it is exactly what i said from the podium yesterday with the first minister. that is why we are asking people to use it to help with social isolation, caring and other things people have to do. but we are asking people not to do it just for christmas, just for a party, just so they can see people who they have missed. i will not be seeing my 80—year—old terence on christmas day for the first time in my whole life. what i want to have another 15 christmases them. it is important people make that choice
for themselves and we have reduced the time available as far as we thought the balance allowed us to do. we didn‘t want to remove it entirely, like they have in the south—east of england with high numbers or in wales. we decided our numbers or in wales. we decided our numbers are lower and we wanted to ta ke numbers are lower and we wanted to take preventative action. london‘s numbers, for example, more than doubled in 18 days. this virus goes fast, it is harder to come down than it is to go up. that is why we are taking preventative action to keep the number down. some will say we acted too hard and too quickly. march taught us that is exactly what you have to do. let's talk about this new variant. this is one of those years where so many of us have had to grapple with epidemiological detail we don‘t really understand. talk to us about this new variant, how worried you are by it in terms of the picture in scotland and how
it changes the whole dynamic of how we might emerge out of this pandemic next year? we have all been on the learning curve, haven‘t we? the weird thing about pandemics, you play the science out in real time on the telly. it is quite unusual. normally we would be in meetings with clever epidemiologists and we would make those decisions and nobody would know and few would care. but we are doing it live and often in press conferences as we learn more and more. so on friday night at 10.30 we had a meeting of all the senior clinicians across the four countries and we got a download from public health england‘s genomic people and public health scotland and we get the information in and then we have to form the advice that goes to the politicians. all viruses mutate, we have 300 different strains of this virus around the uk
just now. they are all fundamentally the same, they cause the same disease. the vaccine will presently get them all in the end and treatment still works for them. but occasionally something happens, the mutations are better for the virus than they are for us sometimes. this one has transmitted miss ability, it transmits more easily than its predecessor. we think, we don‘t know this for sure, but we think the r numberfor this this for sure, but we think the r number for this one is zero this for sure, but we think the r numberfor this one is zero point for more than the other one. numbers are falling and everyone is transmitting it to few other people and you are on the right path then you get this new strain and overnight the r goes to 1.3. because it survives better than its pals, thatis it survives better than its pals, that is why we are worried. we think
the treatment, the testing and the vaccine will work, but we have to test it over time, but it transmits easier. that is a clear explanation and we appreciated. on the last point you made about the vaccine, we had signed to say in the last a8 hours there is no evidence this new variant will not respond in the same way to the previous variant to the vaccine, but when it will we know that for sure? that uncertainty will really worry people are just a point we we re really worry people are just a point we were beginning to think in the early months of next year, things might start looking up? it is the most important question over the next few days for the scientists. we know from first principles what has changed about this virus. the vaccine effectively attacks the spike protein that generates the immunity in you. the spike protein has not changed significantly, so we
are has not changed significantly, so we a re pretty has not changed significantly, so we are pretty confident, looking at it down a microscope, for lack of a better description, the vaccine will work. but we need to prove that. we now have to grow this version of the virus. it sounds straightforward, you cannot just virus. it sounds straightforward, you cannotjust grow a virus in two hours, it needs to be incubated, and portadown does that for the uk. it is one of the best labs in the world. then we will attack it with antibodies in the laboratory. we will use antibodies that we have and we will see if it can kill it. and thatis we will see if it can kill it. and that is when we will actually know. but we are pretty confident, not just me, the biologists that do this for a living, are confident that what they see so far doesn‘t worry them. that won‘t necessarily always be true, we got worried about the mink variant before it died away. that is because that did something different to that spike protein and we we re different to that spike protein and we were all a little bit nervous about that. that one has gone, as far as we about that. that one has gone, as faras we can about that. that one has gone, as far as we can tell, but we have got
to keep an eye on the virus. it is one of the things you have got to do in virus control, you have got to chase the virus all of the time. we appreciate your time and expertise, thank you for to us. important for him to spell out that the suggestions with this new strain, the r number goes up significantly, so a lot of details to be discovered. this is where we say goodbye to chris. he‘s going to read the news for the andrew marr programme now. yes it‘s goodbye from me. now, here‘s matt with a look at this morning‘s weather. that is another corker. this was south gloucestershire a few hours ago. another sunshine and showers day. some of them will be on the lively side in western areas but it will be raining everywhere today.
if you see down because, sunshine will be in between them. this morning we have seen one batch of heavy rain moving from the south—east, thunderstorms in the west of scotland. speckles are blew across western areas. showers will tra nsfer eastwards across western areas. showers will transfer eastwards but across southern counties of england by the english channel they will be most frequent. but they could become more frequent. but they could become more frequent here during the day. many stay in england and scotland we will see fewer showers over all. for some, the day will be completely dry. the wind gusts through the day, in western scotland winds will top a0, maybe 50 mph and where the showers are heaviest when we see the day out. a degree of the babacar are down on yesterday but still above where we should be in december. temperatures will go down to about two or three celsius overnight. clear skies will continue at times over scotland, northern ireland and
northern england. for wales, southern england will finish the night with widespread rain falling onto saturated ground. the problem is, with river levels already running high there could be some flooding. keep up—to—date with the latest flood warning. strong winds through the english channel and eastern england, but some of the mildest conditions. colder air is in place toward scotland and northern ireland as we go to through tomorrow. brightness of east of scotland, clouding over, afternoon brightness developing in western scotla nd brightness developing in western scotland and northern ireland after rainfora time. scotland and northern ireland after rain for a time. early rain across england and wales will depart. rain here and there but overall, the afternoon is better the morning. temperatures, 1a, 15 degrees in east anglia compared to six or 7 degrees in northern ireland and scotland. rain at times in the south again on tuesday. potential for windy weather with it as well across the country on wednesday. that shows up in a
city forecast. wednesday will be the wettest day more widely. into christmas eve and thursday and christmas eve and thursday and christmas day and friday, it is looking dry with sunny spells for this vast majority. christmas day will be frosty and temperatures for england and wales below freezing. crisp start to the festive period. before i go, tomorrow is also the winter solstice. only five hours 50 minutes of sunshine in lerwick. from tomorrow, the days will stretch out towards spring. and for the youngsters, if you are watching, i have heard father christmas will be doing his pre—christmas checks to see if you have all been good around wednesday morning, if you look towards the south—west guys, you might see something across the sky. but you need clear skies for that. just for the benefit of my children, they to behave impeccably from now, don‘t they?
they do, he will be checking. thank you very much. on wednesday morning. have a lovely christmas, thank you. to you as well, take care. would you be interested in taking on a role as a storm trooper? squadron leaderjez allinson, an raf weapons systems officer, has been running as the star wars character for the last four years, and today he hopes to complete 1000 miles in 2020 for two children‘s charities. let‘s take a look at him in action.
jez allinson joins us now. good morning. he only wore the outfit so you could have the soundtrack in your ear every day? that is right, yes. good morning. my run all the way and why specifically these charities? thanks very much for having me on. the story behind this is storm trooper run dot—com. i simply love raising money for children‘s charities. nothing more innocent than a child who is
struggling with various illnesses and we need to do as much as we can to raise money for these charities to raise money for these charities to try and help them out. as a charity fundraiser, eg gets more difficult to raise funds. you have to push the bar up, make your life more difficult. i started running just regularly and i did a marathon. the next year i thought i will up the stakes, i am a massive star wars nerd. it is perfect to run as a storm trooper. each year i have tried to make it harder and harder. is it true you ran a0 miles for the a0th anniversary of star wars in 2017? iran to pinewood studios and you said it would be the last, you promised your wife? yes, that is true. i started off as a one off the year before but then the a0th anniversary came up and that was it. there was no more. then i saw children in need and ifound out
about the charity, spread smile. i watched children in need and then i thought, 2018 will be the last year. but then it was the 100th anniversary of the royal air force, idid100 anniversary of the royal air force, i did 100 kilometres that year. anniversary of the royal air force, i did 100 kilometres that yeahm is wonderful to hear children in need has inspired you in a massive way. so far, £50,000 has been made. we talked about how it gets difficult year on year to raise money, i would difficult year on year to raise money, iwould particularly difficult year on year to raise money, i would particularly so this year because of coronavirus? this year, when i planned this, no one has had the year they thought they we re has had the year they thought they were going to have. i had plans to do public runs, running with school children, i was going to conventions i was going to be running at shopping centres. just to try and spread thejoy shopping centres. just to try and spread the joy and raise as much as ican or spread the joy and raise as much as
i can or could. this year has been, as you know, everything has changed soi as you know, everything has changed so i have had to adapt and i have been running on my own, fairly long days and doing the best i can to raise money. in total, since 2016 we have raised just over 50,000. you are obviously an incredibly modest man and! are obviously an incredibly modest man and i am getting sweaty looking at you running in that outfit. we will have to let you go, remind us why today is so important and where you are up to? as of today i have a 982 miles this year in the costume. iam 982 miles this year in the costume. i am looking forward to the end, frankly. i was going to be running 18 miles today in london from elstree to pinewood studios. but the change of plans which everyone has been given, i have had to come up with a plan b. i am at royal air force benson where i work and they
have given me permission to run around the technical side. i will com plete around the technical side. i will complete my 1000 mile challenge and that will be 80 miles this morning and that will be me absolutely resting. —— 18 miles. and that will be me absolutely resting. -- 18 miles. people ask, where can they donate? thank you, it is virgin money giving dot—com the running storm trooper project. try storm trooper run dot—com and he will get the links to everything. you had better get cracking. there you go, the storm trooper helmet goes on. running to the dark side. he is off, a round of applause at home. the finalfew he is off, a round of applause at home. the final few miles he is off, a round of applause at home. the finalfew miles running 1000 miles for two children‘s charities, inspired by watching children in need. he has already raised £50,000. what a lovely bloke,
so understated and now back to the top story. all this morning we‘ve been discussing the new coronavirus restrictions across london and the south east which have come into force today. while non—essential businesses will be closed and household mixing indoors banned, communal religious worship will be allowed. we can speak now to reverend sally hitchiner, who is associate vicar at st martin—in—the—fields in central london. lovely to see you this morning. i suppose the news is bittersweet, worship can go ahead, but life will change significantly? it will, we are working hard to make sure we are as safe as possible so people can join us in the building or over the internet. as lots of churches and religious institutions are doing throughout the uk. this is not the christmas most have planned and many people in our parish and many people who come to our church are facing having to reorganise their christmases and it is not an easy
time of year. you have been quite buoyed by some parishioners getting in touch to say they will celebrate online, worship in their own way. you have said it is time to get creative, we don‘t have to be there in person to worship this year? creative, we don‘t have to be there in person to worship this year7m is, there are different ways to celebrate christmas, whether it is from a religious perspective or from a community minded perspective. the first thing i would probably say is getting to the idea of advent, acknowledging the fact it is hard and whether you are religious or not, it is a practice we can all do. the something spiritual that mean something to you, go out into nature, even if it is just looking out of your window. light a candle, did something that means to you this week. make it notjust about family, but about your neighbours. do a reverse trick or treat, drop something on your neighbour‘s doorstep, offer a phone call, start
up doorstep, offer a phone call, start upa doorstep, offer a phone call, start up a whatsapp group for your street. people are doing lots of things this year which is pushing back against the idea that this is a bleak midwinter, that this is something meaningful and we can do something for our neighbours and ourselves and we can look back and have positive memories as well as sadness.” remember sitting on the sofa, the last time we were allowed guests on the sofa in march, and a catholic priest said most people all their lives will have attended on sunday, christmas day or every easter, and now you don‘t have to, god won‘t mind? absolutely, christmas happened ina mind? absolutely, christmas happened in a domestic setting. we can discover the magic of christmas, we can discover god with us, where ever we are, what ever we are doing this year. if you are religious, don‘t feel pressure to come to church. you canjoin online,
feel pressure to come to church. you can join online, you feel pressure to come to church. you canjoin online, you can phone up for use as a zoom service niua joining us on christmas eve throughout the afternoon and christmas day at 10.30. lots of things to do whilst staying safe. don‘t feel pressure, you can celebrate christmas and god will be with you wherever you lots of lessons where shooting in a different way. how will you be celebrating and how have your plans changed since yesterday?” celebrating and how have your plans changed since yesterday? i have been trying to sort out my family, what ami trying to sort out my family, what am i going to do with my orders, things we are having to think creatively about. i think all of us are having to look at how can we reach out in different ways? i am trying to makes a lot of different members of my family get to be with someone this year, trying to support those in my team in work and those other people. i think it is important to take a moment for
ourselves and do something special for yourself, do something special for yourself, do something special for yourself, do something special for your neighbours and do something spiritual that connects you with something bigger than what we are used to christmas. just as we look back and christmases in the blitz in the 19a05 and how people were creative, they made things when they did not have very much money. all those other things, we can look back on this year. i bet yourjob has never been busier, but i hope you managed to get your feet. many thanks and very merry christmas. that‘s all from breakfast this morning. we‘re back tomorrow morning from six on bbc one. have a lovely day. goodbye.
air hello, this is bbc news. i‘m ben brown. our top stories. air hello, this is bbc news. i‘m ben brown. ourtop stories. many air hello, this is bbc news. i‘m ben brown. our top stories. many people in england and wales told to stay home as tough new coronavirus restrictions come into force. similar restrictions coming to scotland. the netherlands bans passenger flights from the uk as it detects its first k of the new covid variant surging through southern england.